diff mbox series

[v3,12/17] ddr: altera: Add SDRAM driver for Intel N5X device

Message ID 20210613084852.30868-13-elly.siew.chin.lim@intel.com
State Superseded
Delegated to: Simon Goldschmidt
Headers show
Series Add Intel N5X SoC support | expand

Commit Message

Lim, Elly Siew Chin June 13, 2021, 8:48 a.m. UTC
From: Tien Fong Chee <tien.fong.chee@intel.com>

The DDR subsystem in Diamond Mesa is consisted of controller, PHY,
memory reset manager and memory clock manager.

Configuration settings of controller, PHY and  memory reset manager
is come from DDR handoff data in bitstream, which contain the register
base addresses and user settings from tool.

Configuration settings of memory clock manager is come from the HPS
handoff data in bitstream, however the register base address is defined
in device tree.

The calibration is fully done in HPS, which requires IMEM and DMEM
binaries loading to PHY SRAM for running this calibration, both
IMEM and DMEM binaries are also part of bitstream, this bitstream
would be loaded to OCRAM by SDM, and configured by DDR driver.

Signed-off-by: Siew Chin Lim <elly.siew.chin.lim@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Tien Fong Chee <tien.fong.chee@intel.com>

---
v3:
- Sorting header
- Used prefix OPM_xxx
- Simplify the code with do...while loop.
- Created common function for processing handoff
- Adding function of calibration data feedback to LPDDR4 controllers

v2:
- Move is_ddr_init_skipped and its helper functions to DDR driver and
  converted function to positive checking
- Using GENMASK() macro
- Fixed typo
- Return status of subfunction
- Changed dm to n5x
---
 arch/arm/mach-socfpga/include/mach/firewall.h |    6 +
 .../include/mach/system_manager_soc64.h       |   10 +-
 drivers/ddr/altera/Makefile                   |    3 +-
 drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_n5x.c                | 2298 +++++++++++++++++
 drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_soc64.c              |   70 +
 drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_soc64.h              |    1 +
 6 files changed, 2386 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_n5x.c

Comments

Ley Foon Tan July 8, 2021, 5:06 p.m. UTC | #1
On Sun, Jun 13, 2021 at 4:49 PM Siew Chin Lim
<elly.siew.chin.lim@intel.com> wrote:
>
> From: Tien Fong Chee <tien.fong.chee@intel.com>
>
> The DDR subsystem in Diamond Mesa is consisted of controller, PHY,
> memory reset manager and memory clock manager.
>
> Configuration settings of controller, PHY and  memory reset manager
> is come from DDR handoff data in bitstream, which contain the register
> base addresses and user settings from tool.
>
> Configuration settings of memory clock manager is come from the HPS
> handoff data in bitstream, however the register base address is defined
> in device tree.
>
> The calibration is fully done in HPS, which requires IMEM and DMEM
> binaries loading to PHY SRAM for running this calibration, both
> IMEM and DMEM binaries are also part of bitstream, this bitstream
> would be loaded to OCRAM by SDM, and configured by DDR driver.
>
> Signed-off-by: Siew Chin Lim <elly.siew.chin.lim@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Tien Fong Chee <tien.fong.chee@intel.com>
>
> ---
> v3:
> - Sorting header
> - Used prefix OPM_xxx
> - Simplify the code with do...while loop.
> - Created common function for processing handoff
> - Adding function of calibration data feedback to LPDDR4 controllers
>
> v2:
> - Move is_ddr_init_skipped and its helper functions to DDR driver and
>   converted function to positive checking
> - Using GENMASK() macro
> - Fixed typo
> - Return status of subfunction
> - Changed dm to n5x
> ---
>  arch/arm/mach-socfpga/include/mach/firewall.h |    6 +
>  .../include/mach/system_manager_soc64.h       |   10 +-
>  drivers/ddr/altera/Makefile                   |    3 +-
>  drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_n5x.c                | 2298 +++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_soc64.c              |   70 +
>  drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_soc64.h              |    1 +
>  6 files changed, 2386 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_n5x.c
>

Reviewed-by: Ley Foon Tan <lftan.linux@gmail.com>

Regards
Ley Foon
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-socfpga/include/mach/firewall.h b/arch/arm/mach-socfpga/include/mach/firewall.h
index adab65bc96..5cb7f23f8f 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-socfpga/include/mach/firewall.h
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-socfpga/include/mach/firewall.h
@@ -115,10 +115,16 @@  struct socfpga_firwall_l4_sys {
 /* Firewall MPU DDR SCR registers */
 #define FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_EN				0x00
 #define FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_EN_SET				0x04
+#define FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_MPUREGION0ADDR_BASE		0x10
+#define FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_MPUREGION0ADDR_BASEEXT		0x14
 #define FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_MPUREGION0ADDR_LIMIT		0x18
 #define FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_MPUREGION0ADDR_LIMITEXT		0x1c
+
+#define FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_NONMPUREGION0ADDR_BASE		0x90
+#define FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_NONMPUREGION0ADDR_BASEEXT	0x94
 #define FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_NONMPUREGION0ADDR_LIMIT		0x98
 #define FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_NONMPUREGION0ADDR_LIMITEXT	0x9c
+#define FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_NONMPUREGION0ADDR_LIMITEXT_FIELD	0xff
 
 #define MPUREGION0_ENABLE				BIT(0)
 #define NONMPUREGION0_ENABLE				BIT(8)
diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-socfpga/include/mach/system_manager_soc64.h b/arch/arm/mach-socfpga/include/mach/system_manager_soc64.h
index fc4e17821b..a8009664fe 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-socfpga/include/mach/system_manager_soc64.h
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-socfpga/include/mach/system_manager_soc64.h
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@ 
 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
 /*
- * Copyright (C) 2019 Intel Corporation <www.intel.com>
+ * Copyright (C) 2019-2021 Intel Corporation <www.intel.com>
  */
 
 #ifndef _SYSTEM_MANAGER_SOC64_H_
@@ -28,8 +28,12 @@  void populate_sysmgr_pinmux(void);
 #define SYSMGR_SOC64_FPGAINTF_EN2		0x6c
 #define SYSMGR_SOC64_FPGAINTF_EN3		0x70
 #define SYSMGR_SOC64_DMA_L3MASTER		0x74
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TARGET_SOCFPGA_N5X)
+#define SYSMGR_SOC64_DDR_MODE			0xb8
+#else
 #define SYSMGR_SOC64_HMC_CLK			0xb4
 #define SYSMGR_SOC64_IO_PA_CTRL			0xb8
+#endif
 #define SYSMGR_SOC64_NOC_TIMEOUT		0xc0
 #define SYSMGR_SOC64_NOC_IDLEREQ_SET		0xc4
 #define SYSMGR_SOC64_NOC_IDLEREQ_CLR		0xc8
@@ -143,4 +147,8 @@  void populate_sysmgr_pinmux(void);
 
 #define SYSMGR_WDDBG_PAUSE_ALL_CPU	0x0F0F0F0F
 
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TARGET_SOCFPGA_N5X)
+#define	SYSMGR_SOC64_DDR_MODE_MSK	BIT(0)
+#endif
+
 #endif /* _SYSTEM_MANAGER_SOC64_H_ */
diff --git a/drivers/ddr/altera/Makefile b/drivers/ddr/altera/Makefile
index 39dfee5d5a..9fa5d85a27 100644
--- a/drivers/ddr/altera/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/ddr/altera/Makefile
@@ -4,11 +4,12 @@ 
 # Wolfgang Denk, DENX Software Engineering, wd@denx.de.
 #
 # (C) Copyright 2010, Thomas Chou <thomas@wytron.com.tw>
-# Copyright (C) 2014 Altera Corporation <www.altera.com>
+# Copyright (C) 2014-2021 Altera Corporation <www.altera.com>
 
 ifdef CONFIG_$(SPL_)ALTERA_SDRAM
 obj-$(CONFIG_TARGET_SOCFPGA_GEN5) += sdram_gen5.o sequencer.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_TARGET_SOCFPGA_ARRIA10) += sdram_arria10.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_TARGET_SOCFPGA_STRATIX10) += sdram_soc64.o sdram_s10.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_TARGET_SOCFPGA_AGILEX) += sdram_soc64.o sdram_agilex.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_TARGET_SOCFPGA_N5X) += sdram_soc64.o sdram_n5x.o
 endif
diff --git a/drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_n5x.c b/drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_n5x.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..ac13ac4319
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_n5x.c
@@ -0,0 +1,2298 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2020-2021 Intel Corporation <www.intel.com>
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <common.h>
+#include <clk.h>
+#include <div64.h>
+#include <dm.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fdtdec.h>
+#include <hang.h>
+#include <ram.h>
+#include <reset.h>
+#include "sdram_soc64.h"
+#include <wait_bit.h>
+#include <asm/arch/firewall.h>
+#include <asm/arch/handoff_soc64.h>
+#include <asm/arch/misc.h>
+#include <asm/arch/reset_manager.h>
+#include <asm/arch/system_manager.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/sizes.h>
+
+DECLARE_GLOBAL_DATA_PTR;
+
+/* MPFE NOC registers */
+#define FPGA2SDRAM_MGR_MAIN_SIDEBANDMGR_FLAGOUTSET0	0xF8024050
+
+/* Memory reset manager */
+#define MEM_RST_MGR_STATUS	0x8
+
+/* Register and bit in memory reset manager */
+#define MEM_RST_MGR_STATUS_RESET_COMPLETE	BIT(0)
+#define MEM_RST_MGR_STATUS_PWROKIN_STATUS	BIT(1)
+#define MEM_RST_MGR_STATUS_CONTROLLER_RST	BIT(2)
+#define MEM_RST_MGR_STATUS_AXI_RST		BIT(3)
+
+#define TIMEOUT_200MS     200
+#define TIMEOUT_5000MS    5000
+
+/* DDR4 umctl2 */
+#define DDR4_MSTR_OFFSET		0x0
+#define DDR4_FREQ_RATIO			BIT(22)
+
+#define DDR4_STAT_OFFSET		0x4
+#define DDR4_STAT_SELFREF_TYPE		GENMASK(5, 4)
+#define DDR4_STAT_SELFREF_TYPE_SHIFT	4
+#define DDR4_STAT_OPERATING_MODE	GENMASK(2, 0)
+
+#define DDR4_MRCTRL0_OFFSET		0x10
+#define DDR4_MRCTRL0_MR_TYPE		BIT(0)
+#define DDR4_MRCTRL0_MPR_EN		BIT(1)
+#define DDR4_MRCTRL0_MR_RANK		GENMASK(5, 4)
+#define DDR4_MRCTRL0_MR_RANK_SHIFT	4
+#define DDR4_MRCTRL0_MR_ADDR		GENMASK(15, 12)
+#define DDR4_MRCTRL0_MR_ADDR_SHIFT	12
+#define DDR4_MRCTRL0_MR_WR		BIT(31)
+
+#define DDR4_MRCTRL1_OFFSET		0x14
+#define DDR4_MRCTRL1_MR_DATA		0x3FFFF
+
+#define DDR4_MRSTAT_OFFSET		0x18
+#define DDR4_MRSTAT_MR_WR_BUSY		BIT(0)
+
+#define DDR4_MRCTRL2_OFFSET		0x1C
+
+#define DDR4_PWRCTL_OFFSET			0x30
+#define DDR4_PWRCTL_SELFREF_EN			BIT(0)
+#define DDR4_PWRCTL_POWERDOWN_EN		BIT(1)
+#define DDR4_PWRCTL_EN_DFI_DRAM_CLK_DISABLE	BIT(3)
+#define DDR4_PWRCTL_SELFREF_SW			BIT(5)
+
+#define DDR4_PWRTMG_OFFSET		0x34
+#define DDR4_HWLPCTL_OFFSET		0x38
+#define DDR4_RFSHCTL0_OFFSET		0x50
+#define DDR4_RFSHCTL1_OFFSET		0x54
+
+#define DDR4_RFSHCTL3_OFFSET			0x60
+#define DDR4_RFSHCTL3_DIS_AUTO_REFRESH		BIT(0)
+#define DDR4_RFSHCTL3_REFRESH_MODE		GENMASK(6, 4)
+#define DDR4_RFSHCTL3_REFRESH_MODE_SHIFT	4
+
+#define DDR4_ECCCFG0_OFFSET		0x70
+#define DDR4_ECC_MODE			GENMASK(2, 0)
+#define DDR4_DIS_SCRUB			BIT(4)
+#define LPDDR4_ECCCFG0_ECC_REGION_MAP_GRANU_SHIFT	30
+#define LPDDR4_ECCCFG0_ECC_REGION_MAP_SHIFT	8
+
+#define DDR4_ECCCFG1_OFFSET		0x74
+#define LPDDR4_ECCCFG1_ECC_REGIONS_PARITY_LOCK	BIT(4)
+
+#define DDR4_CRCPARCTL0_OFFSET			0xC0
+#define DDR4_CRCPARCTL0_DFI_ALERT_ERR_INIT_CLR	BIT(1)
+
+#define DDR4_CRCPARCTL1_OFFSET			0xC4
+#define DDR4_CRCPARCTL1_CRC_PARITY_RETRY_ENABLE	BIT(8)
+#define DDR4_CRCPARCTL1_ALERT_WAIT_FOR_SW	BIT(9)
+
+#define DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_OFFSET			0xCC
+#define DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_DFI_ALERT_ERR_INT	BIT(16)
+#define DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_DFI_ALERT_ERR_FATL_INT	BIT(17)
+#define DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_DFI_ALERT_ERR_NO_SW	BIT(19)
+#define DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_CMD_IN_ERR_WINDOW	BIT(29)
+
+#define DDR4_INIT0_OFFSET			0xD0
+#define DDR4_INIT0_SKIP_RAM_INIT		GENMASK(31, 30)
+
+#define DDR4_RANKCTL_OFFSET			0xF4
+#define DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_RD_GAP		GENMASK(7, 4)
+#define DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_WR_GAP		GENMASK(11, 8)
+#define DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_RD_GAP_MSB	BIT(24)
+#define DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_WR_GAP_MSB	BIT(26)
+#define DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_RD_GAP_SHIFT	4
+#define DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_WR_GAP_SHIFT	8
+#define DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_RD_GAP_MSB_SHIFT	24
+#define DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_WR_GAP_MSB_SHIFT	26
+
+#define DDR4_RANKCTL1_OFFSET	0xF8
+#define DDR4_RANKCTL1_WR2RD_DR	GENMASK(5, 0)
+
+#define DDR4_DRAMTMG2_OFFSET	0x108
+#define DDR4_DRAMTMG2_WR2RD	GENMASK(5, 0)
+#define DDR4_DRAMTMG2_RD2WR	GENMASK(13, 8)
+#define DDR4_DRAMTMG2_RD2WR_SHIFT	8
+
+#define DDR4_DRAMTMG9_OFFSET	0x124
+#define DDR4_DRAMTMG9_W2RD_S	GENMASK(5, 0)
+
+#define DDR4_DFITMG1_OFFSET	0x194
+#define DDR4_DFITMG1_DFI_T_WRDATA_DELAY	GENMASK(20, 16)
+#define DDR4_DFITMG1_DFI_T_WRDATA_SHIFT	16
+
+#define DDR4_DFIMISC_OFFSET			0x1B0
+#define DDR4_DFIMISC_DFI_INIT_COMPLETE_EN	BIT(0)
+#define DDR4_DFIMISC_DFI_INIT_START		BIT(5)
+
+#define DDR4_DFISTAT_OFFSET		0x1BC
+#define DDR4_DFI_INIT_COMPLETE		BIT(0)
+
+#define DDR4_DBG0_OFFSET		0x300
+
+#define DDR4_DBG1_OFFSET		0x304
+#define DDR4_DBG1_DISDQ			BIT(0)
+#define DDR4_DBG1_DIS_HIF		BIT(1)
+
+#define DDR4_DBGCAM_OFFSET			0x308
+#define DDR4_DBGCAM_DBG_RD_Q_EMPTY		BIT(25)
+#define DDR4_DBGCAM_DBG_WR_Q_EMPTY		BIT(26)
+#define DDR4_DBGCAM_RD_DATA_PIPELINE_EMPTY	BIT(28)
+#define DDR4_DBGCAM_WR_DATA_PIPELINE_EMPTY	BIT(29)
+
+#define DDR4_SWCTL_OFFSET		0x320
+#define DDR4_SWCTL_SW_DONE		BIT(0)
+
+#define DDR4_SWSTAT_OFFSET		0x324
+#define DDR4_SWSTAT_SW_DONE_ACK		BIT(0)
+
+#define DDR4_PSTAT_OFFSET		0x3FC
+#define DDR4_PSTAT_RD_PORT_BUSY_0	BIT(0)
+#define DDR4_PSTAT_WR_PORT_BUSY_0	BIT(16)
+
+#define DDR4_PCTRL0_OFFSET		0x490
+#define DDR4_PCTRL0_PORT_EN		BIT(0)
+
+#define DDR4_SBRCTL_OFFSET		0xF24
+#define DDR4_SBRCTL_SCRUB_INTERVAL	0x1FFF00
+#define DDR4_SBRCTL_SCRUB_EN		BIT(0)
+#define DDR4_SBRCTL_SCRUB_WRITE		BIT(2)
+#define DDR4_SBRCTL_SCRUB_BURST_1	BIT(4)
+
+#define DDR4_SBRSTAT_OFFSET		0xF28
+#define DDR4_SBRSTAT_SCRUB_BUSY BIT(0)
+#define DDR4_SBRSTAT_SCRUB_DONE BIT(1)
+
+#define DDR4_SBRWDATA0_OFFSET		0xF2C
+#define DDR4_SBRWDATA1_OFFSET		0xF30
+#define DDR4_SBRSTART0_OFFSET		0xF38
+#define DDR4_SBRSTART1_OFFSET		0xF3C
+#define DDR4_SBRRANGE0_OFFSET		0xF40
+#define DDR4_SBRRANGE1_OFFSET		0xF44
+
+/* DDR PHY */
+#define DDR_PHY_TXODTDRVSTREN_B0_P0		0x2009A
+#define DDR_PHY_RXPBDLYTG0_R0			0x200D0
+#define DDR_PHY_DBYTE0_TXDQDLYTG0_U0_P0		0x201A0
+
+#define DDR_PHY_DBYTE0_TXDQDLYTG0_U1_P0		0x203A0
+#define DDR_PHY_DBYTE1_TXDQDLYTG0_U0_P0		0x221A0
+#define DDR_PHY_DBYTE1_TXDQDLYTG0_U1_P0		0x223A0
+#define DDR_PHY_TXDQDLYTG0_COARSE_DELAY		GENMASK(9, 6)
+#define DDR_PHY_TXDQDLYTG0_COARSE_DELAY_SHIFT	6
+
+#define DDR_PHY_CALRATE_OFFSET			0x40110
+#define DDR_PHY_CALZAP_OFFSET			0x40112
+#define DDR_PHY_SEQ0BDLY0_P0_OFFSET		0x40016
+#define DDR_PHY_SEQ0BDLY1_P0_OFFSET		0x40018
+#define DDR_PHY_SEQ0BDLY2_P0_OFFSET		0x4001A
+#define DDR_PHY_SEQ0BDLY3_P0_OFFSET		0x4001C
+
+#define DDR_PHY_MEMRESETL_OFFSET		0x400C0
+#define DDR_PHY_MEMRESETL_VALUE			BIT(0)
+#define DDR_PHY_PROTECT_MEMRESET		BIT(1)
+
+#define DDR_PHY_CALBUSY_OFFSET			0x4012E
+#define DDR_PHY_CALBUSY				BIT(0)
+
+#define DDR_PHY_TRAIN_IMEM_OFFSET		0xA0000
+#define DDR_PHY_TRAIN_DMEM_OFFSET		0xA8000
+
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_RR_1_0_OFFSET		0xA802C
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_RR_0_1_OFFSET		0xA8030
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_WW_1_0_OFFSET		0xA8038
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_WW_0_1_OFFSET		0xA803C
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_RW_1_1_OFFSET		0xA8046
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_RW_1_0_OFFSET		0xA8048
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_RW_0_1_OFFSET		0xA804A
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_RW_0_0_OFFSET		0xA804C
+
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_RR_1_0_OFFSET		0xA8026
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_RR_0_1_OFFSET		0xA8026
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_RR_1_0_OFFSET		0xA8058
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_RR_0_1_OFFSET		0xA805A
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_WW_1_0_OFFSET		0xA8030
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_WW_0_1_OFFSET		0xA8030
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_WW_1_0_OFFSET		0xA8062
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_WW_0_1_OFFSET		0xA8064
+
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_RW_1_1_OFFSET		0xA8028
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_RW_1_0_OFFSET		0xA8028
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_RW_0_1_OFFSET		0xA802A
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_RW_0_0_OFFSET		0xA802A
+
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_RW_1_1_OFFSET		0xA805A
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_RW_1_0_OFFSET		0xA805C
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_RW_0_1_OFFSET		0xA805c
+#define DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_RW_0_0_OFFSET		0xA805E
+
+#define DDR_PHY_SEQ0DISABLEFLAG0_OFFSET		0x120018
+#define DDR_PHY_SEQ0DISABLEFLAG1_OFFSET		0x12001A
+#define DDR_PHY_SEQ0DISABLEFLAG2_OFFSET		0x12001C
+#define DDR_PHY_SEQ0DISABLEFLAG3_OFFSET		0x12001E
+#define DDR_PHY_SEQ0DISABLEFLAG4_OFFSET		0x120020
+#define DDR_PHY_SEQ0DISABLEFLAG5_OFFSET		0x120022
+#define DDR_PHY_SEQ0DISABLEFLAG6_OFFSET		0x120024
+#define DDR_PHY_SEQ0DISABLEFLAG7_OFFSET		0x120026
+
+#define DDR_PHY_UCCLKHCLKENABLES_OFFSET		0x180100
+#define DDR_PHY_UCCLKHCLKENABLES_UCCLKEN	BIT(0)
+#define DDR_PHY_UCCLKHCLKENABLES_HCLKEN		BIT(1)
+
+#define DDR_PHY_UCTWRITEPROT_OFFSET		0x180066
+#define DDR_PHY_UCTWRITEPROT			BIT(0)
+
+#define DDR_PHY_APBONLY0_OFFSET			0x1A0000
+#define DDR_PHY_MICROCONTMUXSEL			BIT(0)
+
+#define DDR_PHY_UCTSHADOWREGS_OFFSET			0x1A0008
+#define DDR_PHY_UCTSHADOWREGS_UCTWRITEPROTESHADOW	BIT(0)
+
+#define DDR_PHY_DCTWRITEPROT_OFFSET		0x1A0062
+#define DDR_PHY_DCTWRITEPROT			BIT(0)
+
+#define DDR_PHY_UCTWRITEONLYSHADOW_OFFSET	0x1A0064
+#define DDR_PHY_UCTDATWRITEONLYSHADOW_OFFSET	0x1A0068
+
+#define DDR_PHY_MICRORESET_OFFSET		0x1A0132
+#define DDR_PHY_MICRORESET_STALL		BIT(0)
+#define DDR_PHY_MICRORESET_RESET		BIT(3)
+
+#define DDR_PHY_TXODTDRVSTREN_B0_P1		0x22009A
+
+/* For firmware training */
+#define HW_DBG_TRACE_CONTROL_OFFSET	0x18
+#define FW_TRAINING_COMPLETED_STAT	0x07
+#define FW_TRAINING_FAILED_STAT		0xFF
+#define FW_COMPLETION_MSG_ONLY_MODE	0xFF
+#define FW_STREAMING_MSG_ID		0x08
+#define GET_LOWHW_DATA(x)		((x) & 0xFFFF)
+#define GET_LOWB_DATA(x)		((x) & 0xFF)
+#define GET_HIGHB_DATA(x)		(((x) & 0xFF00) >> 8)
+
+/* Operating mode */
+#define OPM_INIT			0x000
+#define OPM_NORMAL			0x001
+#define OPM_PWR_D0WN			0x010
+#define OPM_SELF_SELFREF		0x011
+#define OPM_DDR4_DEEP_PWR_DOWN		0x100
+
+/* Refresh mode */
+#define FIXED_1X		0
+#define FIXED_2X		BIT(0)
+#define FIXED_4X		BIT(4)
+
+/* Address of mode register */
+#define MR0	0x0000
+#define MR1	0x0001
+#define MR2	0x0010
+#define MR3	0x0011
+#define MR4	0x0100
+#define MR5	0x0101
+#define MR6	0x0110
+#define MR7	0x0111
+
+/* MR rank */
+#define RANK0		0x1
+#define RANK1		0x2
+#define ALL_RANK	0x3
+
+#define MR5_BIT4	BIT(4)
+
+/* Value for ecc_region_map */
+#define ALL_PROTECTED	0x7F
+
+/* Region size for ECCCFG0.ecc_region_map */
+enum region_size {
+	ONE_EIGHT,
+	ONE_SIXTEENTH,
+	ONE_THIRTY_SECOND,
+	ONE_SIXTY_FOURTH
+};
+
+enum ddr_type {
+	DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_0,
+	DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1,
+	DDRTYPE_DDR4,
+	DDRTYPE_UNKNOWN
+};
+
+/* Reset type */
+enum reset_type {
+	POR_RESET,
+	WARM_RESET,
+	COLD_RESET
+};
+
+/* DDR handoff structure */
+struct ddr_handoff {
+	/* Memory reset manager base */
+	phys_addr_t mem_reset_base;
+
+	/* First controller attributes */
+	phys_addr_t cntlr_handoff_base;
+	phys_addr_t cntlr_base;
+	size_t cntlr_total_length;
+	enum ddr_type cntlr_t;
+	size_t cntlr_handoff_length;
+
+	/* Second controller attributes*/
+	phys_addr_t cntlr2_handoff_base;
+	phys_addr_t cntlr2_base;
+	size_t cntlr2_total_length;
+	enum ddr_type cntlr2_t;
+	size_t cntlr2_handoff_length;
+
+	/* PHY attributes */
+	phys_addr_t phy_handoff_base;
+	phys_addr_t phy_base;
+	size_t phy_total_length;
+	size_t phy_handoff_length;
+
+	/* PHY engine attributes */
+	phys_addr_t phy_engine_handoff_base;
+	size_t phy_engine_total_length;
+	size_t phy_engine_handoff_length;
+
+	/* Calibration attributes */
+	phys_addr_t train_imem_base;
+	phys_addr_t train_dmem_base;
+	size_t train_imem_length;
+	size_t train_dmem_length;
+};
+
+/* Message mode */
+enum message_mode {
+	MAJOR_MESSAGE,
+	STREAMING_MESSAGE
+};
+
+static int clr_ca_parity_error_status(phys_addr_t umctl2_base)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	debug("%s: Clear C/A parity error status in MR5[4]\n", __func__);
+
+	/* Set mode register MRS */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_MRCTRL0_OFFSET, DDR4_MRCTRL0_MPR_EN);
+
+	/* Set mode register to write operation */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_MRCTRL0_OFFSET, DDR4_MRCTRL0_MR_TYPE);
+
+	/* Set the address of mode rgister to 0x101(MR5) */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_MRCTRL0_OFFSET,
+		     (MR5 << DDR4_MRCTRL0_MR_ADDR_SHIFT) &
+		     DDR4_MRCTRL0_MR_ADDR);
+
+	/* Set MR rank to rank 1 */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_MRCTRL0_OFFSET,
+		     (RANK1 << DDR4_MRCTRL0_MR_RANK_SHIFT) &
+		     DDR4_MRCTRL0_MR_RANK);
+
+	/* Clear C/A parity error status in MR5[4] */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_MRCTRL1_OFFSET, MR5_BIT4);
+
+	/* Trigger mode register read or write operation */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_MRCTRL0_OFFSET, DDR4_MRCTRL0_MR_WR);
+
+	/* Wait for retry done */
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base +
+				DDR4_MRSTAT_OFFSET), DDR4_MRSTAT_MR_WR_BUSY,
+				false, TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+		debug(" no outstanding MR transaction\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int ddr_retry_software_sequence(phys_addr_t umctl2_base)
+{
+	u32 value;
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Check software can perform MRS/MPR/PDA? */
+	value = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_OFFSET) &
+		      DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_DFI_ALERT_ERR_NO_SW;
+
+	if (value) {
+		/* Clear interrupt bit for DFI alert error */
+		setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_CRCPARCTL0_OFFSET,
+			     DDR4_CRCPARCTL0_DFI_ALERT_ERR_INIT_CLR);
+	}
+
+	debug("%s: Software can perform MRS/MPR/PDA\n", __func__);
+
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base +
+				DDR4_MRSTAT_OFFSET),
+				DDR4_MRSTAT_MR_WR_BUSY,
+				false, TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+		debug(" no outstanding MR transaction\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	ret = clr_ca_parity_error_status(umctl2_base);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (!value) {
+		/* Clear interrupt bit for DFI alert error */
+		setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_CRCPARCTL0_OFFSET,
+			     DDR4_CRCPARCTL0_DFI_ALERT_ERR_INIT_CLR);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int ensure_retry_procedure_complete(phys_addr_t umctl2_base)
+{
+	u32 value;
+	u32 start = get_timer(0);
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Check parity/crc/error window is emptied ? */
+	value = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_OFFSET) &
+		      DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_CMD_IN_ERR_WINDOW;
+
+	/* Polling until parity/crc/error window is emptied */
+	while (value) {
+		if (get_timer(start) > TIMEOUT_200MS) {
+			debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for",
+			      __func__);
+			debug(" parity/crc/error window empty\n");
+			return -ETIMEDOUT;
+		}
+
+		/* Check software intervention is enabled? */
+		value = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_CRCPARCTL1_OFFSET) &
+			      DDR4_CRCPARCTL1_ALERT_WAIT_FOR_SW;
+		if (value) {
+			debug("%s: Software intervention is enabled\n",
+			      __func__);
+
+			/* Check dfi alert error interrupt is set? */
+			value = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_OFFSET) &
+				      DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_DFI_ALERT_ERR_INT;
+
+			if (value) {
+				ret = ddr_retry_software_sequence(umctl2_base);
+				debug("%s: DFI alert error interrupt ",
+				      __func__);
+				debug("is set\n");
+
+				if (ret)
+					return ret;
+			}
+
+			/*
+			 * Check fatal parity error interrupt is set?
+			 */
+			value = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_OFFSET) &
+				      DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_DFI_ALERT_ERR_FATL_INT;
+			if (value) {
+				printf("%s: Fatal parity error  ",
+				       __func__);
+				printf("interrupt is set, Hang it!!\n");
+				hang();
+			}
+		}
+
+		value = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_OFFSET) &
+			      DDR4_CRCPARSTAT_CMD_IN_ERR_WINDOW;
+
+		udelay(1);
+		WATCHDOG_RESET();
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int enable_quasi_dynamic_reg_grp3(phys_addr_t umctl2_base,
+					 enum ddr_type umctl2_type)
+{
+	u32 i, value, backup;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	/* Disable input traffic per port */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_PCTRL0_OFFSET, DDR4_PCTRL0_PORT_EN);
+
+	/* Polling AXI port until idle */
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base +
+				DDR4_PSTAT_OFFSET),
+				DDR4_PSTAT_WR_PORT_BUSY_0 |
+				DDR4_PSTAT_RD_PORT_BUSY_0, false,
+				TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+		debug(" controller idle\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	/* Backup user setting */
+	backup = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_DBG1_OFFSET);
+
+	/* Disable input traffic to the controller */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_DBG1_OFFSET, DDR4_DBG1_DIS_HIF);
+
+	/*
+	 * Ensure CAM/data pipelines are empty.
+	 * Poll until CAM/data pipelines are set at least twice,
+	 * timeout at 200ms
+	 */
+	for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
+		ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base +
+					DDR4_DBGCAM_OFFSET),
+					DDR4_DBGCAM_WR_DATA_PIPELINE_EMPTY |
+					DDR4_DBGCAM_RD_DATA_PIPELINE_EMPTY |
+					DDR4_DBGCAM_DBG_WR_Q_EMPTY |
+					DDR4_DBGCAM_DBG_RD_Q_EMPTY, true,
+					TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+		if (ret) {
+			debug("%s: loop(%u): Timeout while waiting for",
+			      __func__, i + 1);
+			debug(" CAM/data pipelines are empty\n");
+
+			goto out;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_DDR4) {
+		/* Check DDR4 retry is enabled ? */
+		value = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_CRCPARCTL1_OFFSET) &
+			      DDR4_CRCPARCTL1_CRC_PARITY_RETRY_ENABLE;
+
+		if (value) {
+			debug("%s: DDR4 retry is enabled\n", __func__);
+
+			ret = ensure_retry_procedure_complete(umctl2_base);
+			if (ret) {
+				debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for",
+				      __func__);
+				debug(" retry procedure complete\n");
+
+				goto out;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	debug("%s: Quasi-dynamic group 3 registers are enabled\n", __func__);
+
+out:
+	/* Restore user setting */
+	writel(backup, umctl2_base + DDR4_DBG1_OFFSET);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static enum ddr_type get_ddr_type(phys_addr_t ddr_type_location)
+{
+	u32 ddr_type_magic = readl(ddr_type_location);
+
+	if (ddr_type_magic == SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_UMCTL2_DDR4_TYPE)
+		return DDRTYPE_DDR4;
+
+	if (ddr_type_magic == SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_UMCTL2_LPDDR4_0_TYPE)
+		return DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_0;
+
+	if (ddr_type_magic == SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_UMCTL2_LPDDR4_1_TYPE)
+		return DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1;
+
+	return DDRTYPE_UNKNOWN;
+}
+
+static void use_lpddr4_interleaving(bool set)
+{
+	if (set) {
+		printf("Starting LPDDR4 interleaving configuration ...\n");
+		setbits_le32(FPGA2SDRAM_MGR_MAIN_SIDEBANDMGR_FLAGOUTSET0,
+			     BIT(5));
+	} else {
+		printf("Starting LPDDR4 non-interleaving configuration ...\n");
+		clrbits_le32(FPGA2SDRAM_MGR_MAIN_SIDEBANDMGR_FLAGOUTSET0,
+			     BIT(5));
+	}
+}
+
+static void use_ddr4(enum ddr_type type)
+{
+	if (type == DDRTYPE_DDR4) {
+		printf("Starting DDR4 configuration ...\n");
+		setbits_le32(socfpga_get_sysmgr_addr() + SYSMGR_SOC64_DDR_MODE,
+			     SYSMGR_SOC64_DDR_MODE_MSK);
+	} else if (type == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_0)  {
+		printf("Starting LPDDR4 configuration ...\n");
+		clrbits_le32(socfpga_get_sysmgr_addr() + SYSMGR_SOC64_DDR_MODE,
+			     SYSMGR_SOC64_DDR_MODE_MSK);
+
+		use_lpddr4_interleaving(false);
+	}
+}
+
+static int scrubber_ddr_config(phys_addr_t umctl2_base,
+			       enum ddr_type umctl2_type)
+{
+	u32 backup[9];
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Reset to default value, prevent scrubber stop due to lower power */
+	writel(0, umctl2_base + DDR4_PWRCTL_OFFSET);
+
+	/* Backup user settings */
+	backup[0] = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRCTL_OFFSET);
+	backup[1] = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRWDATA0_OFFSET);
+	backup[2] = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRSTART0_OFFSET);
+	if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_DDR4) {
+		backup[3] = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRWDATA1_OFFSET);
+		backup[4] = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRSTART1_OFFSET);
+	}
+	backup[5] = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRRANGE0_OFFSET);
+	backup[6] = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRRANGE1_OFFSET);
+	backup[7] = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_ECCCFG0_OFFSET);
+	backup[8] = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_ECCCFG1_OFFSET);
+
+	if (umctl2_type != DDRTYPE_DDR4) {
+		/* Lock ECC region, ensure this regions is not being accessed */
+		setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_ECCCFG1_OFFSET,
+			     LPDDR4_ECCCFG1_ECC_REGIONS_PARITY_LOCK);
+	}
+	/* Disable input traffic per port */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_PCTRL0_OFFSET, DDR4_PCTRL0_PORT_EN);
+	/* Disables scrubber */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SBRCTL_SCRUB_EN);
+	/* Polling all scrub writes data have been sent */
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base +
+				DDR4_SBRSTAT_OFFSET), DDR4_SBRSTAT_SCRUB_BUSY,
+				false, TIMEOUT_5000MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+		debug(" sending all scrub data\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	/* LPDDR4 supports inline ECC only */
+	if (umctl2_type != DDRTYPE_DDR4) {
+		/*
+		 * Setting all regions for protected, this is required for
+		 * srubber to init whole LPDDR4 expect ECC region
+		 */
+		writel(((ONE_EIGHT <<
+		       LPDDR4_ECCCFG0_ECC_REGION_MAP_GRANU_SHIFT) |
+		       (ALL_PROTECTED << LPDDR4_ECCCFG0_ECC_REGION_MAP_SHIFT)),
+		       umctl2_base + DDR4_ECCCFG0_OFFSET);
+	}
+
+	/* Scrub_burst = 1, scrub_mode = 1(performs writes) */
+	writel(DDR4_SBRCTL_SCRUB_BURST_1 | DDR4_SBRCTL_SCRUB_WRITE,
+	       umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRCTL_OFFSET);
+
+	/* Zeroing whole DDR */
+	writel(0, umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRWDATA0_OFFSET);
+	writel(0, umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRSTART0_OFFSET);
+	if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_DDR4) {
+		writel(0, umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRWDATA1_OFFSET);
+		writel(0, umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRSTART1_OFFSET);
+	}
+	writel(0, umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRRANGE0_OFFSET);
+	writel(0, umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRRANGE1_OFFSET);
+
+	/* Enables scrubber */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SBRCTL_SCRUB_EN);
+	/* Polling all scrub writes commands have been sent */
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base +
+				DDR4_SBRSTAT_OFFSET), DDR4_SBRSTAT_SCRUB_DONE,
+				true, TIMEOUT_5000MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+		debug(" sending all scrub commands\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	/* Polling all scrub writes data have been sent */
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base +
+				DDR4_SBRSTAT_OFFSET), DDR4_SBRSTAT_SCRUB_BUSY,
+				false, TIMEOUT_5000MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		printf("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+		printf(" sending all scrub data\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	/* Disables scrubber */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SBRCTL_SCRUB_EN);
+
+	/* Restore user settings */
+	writel(backup[0], umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRCTL_OFFSET);
+	writel(backup[1], umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRWDATA0_OFFSET);
+	writel(backup[2], umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRSTART0_OFFSET);
+	if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_DDR4) {
+		writel(backup[3], umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRWDATA1_OFFSET);
+		writel(backup[4], umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRSTART1_OFFSET);
+	}
+	writel(backup[5], umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRRANGE0_OFFSET);
+	writel(backup[6], umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRRANGE1_OFFSET);
+	writel(backup[7], umctl2_base + DDR4_ECCCFG0_OFFSET);
+	writel(backup[8], umctl2_base + DDR4_ECCCFG1_OFFSET);
+
+	/* Enables ECC scrub on scrubber */
+	if (!(readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRCTL_OFFSET) &
+	    DDR4_SBRCTL_SCRUB_WRITE)) {
+		/* Enables scrubber */
+		setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SBRCTL_OFFSET,
+			     DDR4_SBRCTL_SCRUB_EN);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void handoff_process(struct ddr_handoff *ddr_handoff_info,
+			    phys_addr_t handoff_base, size_t length,
+			    phys_addr_t base)
+{
+	u32 handoff_table[length];
+	u32 i, value = 0;
+
+	/* Execute configuration handoff */
+	socfpga_handoff_read((void *)handoff_base, handoff_table, length);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < length; i = i + 2) {
+		debug("%s: wr = 0x%08x ",  __func__, handoff_table[i + 1]);
+		if (ddr_handoff_info && base == ddr_handoff_info->phy_base) {
+			/*
+			 * Convert PHY odd offset to even offset that
+			 * supported by ARM processor.
+			 */
+			value = handoff_table[i] << 1;
+
+			writew(handoff_table[i + 1],
+			       (uintptr_t)(value + base));
+			debug("rd = 0x%08x ",
+			      readw((uintptr_t)(value + base)));
+			debug("PHY offset: 0x%08x ", handoff_table[i + 1]);
+		} else {
+			value = handoff_table[i];
+			writel(handoff_table[i + 1], (uintptr_t)(value +
+			       base));
+			 debug("rd = 0x%08x ",
+			       readl((uintptr_t)(value + base)));
+		}
+
+		debug("Absolute addr: 0x%08llx, APB offset: 0x%08x\n",
+		      value + base, value);
+	}
+}
+
+static int init_umctl2(phys_addr_t umctl2_handoff_base,
+		       phys_addr_t umctl2_base, enum ddr_type umctl2_type,
+		       size_t umctl2_handoff_length,
+		       u32 *user_backup)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_DDR4)
+		printf("Initializing DDR4 controller ...\n");
+	else if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_0)
+		printf("Initializing LPDDR4_0 controller ...\n");
+	else if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1)
+		printf("Initializing LPDDR4_1 controller ...\n");
+
+	/* Prevent controller from issuing read/write to SDRAM */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_DBG1_OFFSET, DDR4_DBG1_DISDQ);
+
+	/* Put SDRAM into self-refresh */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_PWRCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_PWRCTL_SELFREF_EN);
+
+	/* Enable quasi-dynamic programing of the controller registers */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SWCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SWCTL_SW_DONE);
+
+	/* Ensure the controller is in initialization mode */
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base + DDR4_STAT_OFFSET),
+				DDR4_STAT_OPERATING_MODE, false, TIMEOUT_200MS,
+				false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+		debug(" init operating mode\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	debug("%s: UMCTL2 handoff base address = 0x%p table length = 0x%08x\n",
+	      __func__, (u32 *)umctl2_handoff_base,
+	      (u32)umctl2_handoff_length);
+
+	handoff_process(NULL, umctl2_handoff_base, umctl2_handoff_length,
+			umctl2_base);
+
+	/* Backup user settings, restore after DDR up running */
+	*user_backup = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_PWRCTL_OFFSET);
+
+	/* Disable self resfresh */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_PWRCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_PWRCTL_SELFREF_EN);
+
+	if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_0 ||
+	    umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1) {
+		/* Setting selfref_sw to 1, based on lpddr4 requirement */
+		setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_PWRCTL_OFFSET,
+			     DDR4_PWRCTL_SELFREF_SW);
+
+		/* Backup user settings, restore after DDR up running */
+		user_backup++;
+		*user_backup = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_INIT0_OFFSET) &
+				     DDR4_INIT0_SKIP_RAM_INIT;
+
+		/*
+		 * Setting INIT0.skip_dram_init to 0x3, based on lpddr4
+		 * requirement
+		 */
+		setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_INIT0_OFFSET,
+			     DDR4_INIT0_SKIP_RAM_INIT);
+	}
+
+	/* Complete quasi-dynamic register programming */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SWCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SWCTL_SW_DONE);
+
+	/* Enable controller from issuing read/write to SDRAM */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_DBG1_OFFSET, DDR4_DBG1_DISDQ);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int phy_pre_handoff_config(phys_addr_t umctl2_base,
+				  enum ddr_type umctl2_type)
+{
+	int ret;
+	u32 value;
+
+	if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_DDR4) {
+		/* Check DDR4 retry is enabled ? */
+		value = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_CRCPARCTL1_OFFSET) &
+			      DDR4_CRCPARCTL1_CRC_PARITY_RETRY_ENABLE;
+
+		if (value) {
+			debug("%s: DDR4 retry is enabled\n", __func__);
+			debug("%s: Disable auto refresh is not supported\n",
+			      __func__);
+		} else {
+			/* Disable auto refresh */
+			setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_RFSHCTL3_OFFSET,
+				     DDR4_RFSHCTL3_DIS_AUTO_REFRESH);
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Disable selfref_en & powerdown_en, nvr disable dfi dram clk */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_PWRCTL_OFFSET,
+		     DDR4_PWRCTL_EN_DFI_DRAM_CLK_DISABLE |
+		     DDR4_PWRCTL_POWERDOWN_EN | DDR4_PWRCTL_SELFREF_EN);
+
+	/* Enable quasi-dynamic programing of the controller registers */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SWCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SWCTL_SW_DONE);
+
+	ret = enable_quasi_dynamic_reg_grp3(umctl2_base, umctl2_type);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* Masking dfi init complete */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_DFIMISC_OFFSET,
+		     DDR4_DFIMISC_DFI_INIT_COMPLETE_EN);
+
+	/* Complete quasi-dynamic register programming */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SWCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SWCTL_SW_DONE);
+
+	/* Polling programming done */
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base +
+				DDR4_SWSTAT_OFFSET), DDR4_SWSTAT_SW_DONE_ACK,
+				true, TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+		debug(" programming done\n");
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int init_phy(struct ddr_handoff *ddr_handoff_info)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	printf("Initializing DDR PHY ...\n");
+
+	if (ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_t == DDRTYPE_DDR4 ||
+	    ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_0) {
+		ret = phy_pre_handoff_config(ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_base,
+					     ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_t);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+
+	if (ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1) {
+		ret = phy_pre_handoff_config
+			(ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_base,
+			 ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_t);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+
+	/* Execute PHY configuration handoff */
+	handoff_process(ddr_handoff_info, ddr_handoff_info->phy_handoff_base,
+			ddr_handoff_info->phy_handoff_length,
+			ddr_handoff_info->phy_base);
+
+	printf("DDR PHY configuration is completed\n");
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void phy_init_engine(struct ddr_handoff *handoff)
+{
+	printf("Load PHY Init Engine ...\n");
+
+	/* Execute PIE production code handoff */
+	handoff_process(handoff, handoff->phy_engine_handoff_base,
+			handoff->phy_engine_handoff_length, handoff->phy_base);
+
+	printf("End of loading PHY Init Engine\n");
+}
+
+int populate_ddr_handoff(struct ddr_handoff *handoff)
+{
+	phys_addr_t next_section_header;
+
+	/* DDR handoff */
+	handoff->mem_reset_base = SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_MEMRESET_BASE;
+	debug("%s: DDR memory reset base = 0x%x\n", __func__,
+	      (u32)handoff->mem_reset_base);
+	debug("%s: DDR memory reset address = 0x%x\n", __func__,
+	      readl(handoff->mem_reset_base));
+
+	/* Beginning of DDR controller handoff */
+	handoff->cntlr_handoff_base = SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_UMCTL2_SECTION;
+	debug("%s: cntlr handoff base = 0x%x\n", __func__,
+	      (u32)handoff->cntlr_handoff_base);
+
+	/* Get 1st DDR type */
+	handoff->cntlr_t = get_ddr_type(handoff->cntlr_handoff_base +
+					SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_UMCTL2_TYPE_OFFSET);
+	if (handoff->cntlr_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1 ||
+	    handoff->cntlr_t == DDRTYPE_UNKNOWN) {
+		debug("%s: Wrong DDR handoff format, the 1st DDR ", __func__);
+		debug("type must be DDR4 or LPDDR4_0\n");
+		return -ENOEXEC;
+	}
+
+	/* 1st cntlr base physical address */
+	handoff->cntlr_base = readl(handoff->cntlr_handoff_base +
+				    SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_UMCTL2_BASE_ADDR_OFFSET);
+	debug("%s: cntlr base = 0x%x\n", __func__, (u32)handoff->cntlr_base);
+
+	/* Get the total length of DDR cntlr handoff section */
+	handoff->cntlr_total_length = readl(handoff->cntlr_handoff_base +
+					    SOC64_HANDOFF_OFFSET_LENGTH);
+	debug("%s: Umctl2 total length in byte = 0x%x\n", __func__,
+	      (u32)handoff->cntlr_total_length);
+
+	/* Get the length of user setting data in DDR cntlr handoff section */
+	handoff->cntlr_handoff_length = socfpga_get_handoff_size((void *)
+						handoff->cntlr_handoff_base);
+	debug("%s: Umctl2 handoff length in word(32-bit) = 0x%x\n", __func__,
+	      (u32)handoff->cntlr_handoff_length);
+
+	/* Wrong format on user setting data */
+	if (handoff->cntlr_handoff_length < 0) {
+		debug("%s: Wrong format on user setting data\n", __func__);
+		return -ENOEXEC;
+	}
+
+	/* Get the next handoff section address */
+	next_section_header = handoff->cntlr_handoff_base +
+				handoff->cntlr_total_length;
+	debug("%s: Next handoff section header location = 0x%llx\n", __func__,
+	      next_section_header);
+
+	/*
+	 * Checking next section handoff is cntlr or PHY, and changing
+	 * subsequent implementation accordingly
+	 */
+	if (readl(next_section_header) == SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_UMCTL2_MAGIC) {
+		/* Get the next cntlr handoff section address */
+		handoff->cntlr2_handoff_base = next_section_header;
+		debug("%s: umctl2 2nd handoff base = 0x%x\n", __func__,
+		      (u32)handoff->cntlr2_handoff_base);
+
+		/* Get 2nd DDR type */
+		handoff->cntlr2_t = get_ddr_type(handoff->cntlr2_handoff_base +
+					SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_UMCTL2_TYPE_OFFSET);
+		if (handoff->cntlr2_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_0 ||
+		    handoff->cntlr2_t == DDRTYPE_UNKNOWN) {
+			debug("%s: Wrong DDR handoff format, the 2nd DDR ",
+			      __func__);
+			debug("type must be LPDDR4_1\n");
+			return -ENOEXEC;
+		}
+
+		/* 2nd umctl2 base physical address */
+		handoff->cntlr2_base =
+			readl(handoff->cntlr2_handoff_base +
+			      SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_UMCTL2_BASE_ADDR_OFFSET);
+		debug("%s: cntlr2 base = 0x%x\n", __func__,
+		      (u32)handoff->cntlr2_base);
+
+		/* Get the total length of 2nd DDR umctl2 handoff section */
+		handoff->cntlr2_total_length =
+			readl(handoff->cntlr2_handoff_base +
+			      SOC64_HANDOFF_OFFSET_LENGTH);
+		debug("%s: Umctl2_2nd total length in byte = 0x%x\n", __func__,
+		      (u32)handoff->cntlr2_total_length);
+
+		/*
+		 * Get the length of user setting data in DDR umctl2 handoff
+		 * section
+		 */
+		handoff->cntlr2_handoff_length =
+			socfpga_get_handoff_size((void *)
+						 handoff->cntlr2_handoff_base);
+		debug("%s: cntlr2 handoff length in word(32-bit) = 0x%x\n",
+		      __func__,
+		     (u32)handoff->cntlr2_handoff_length);
+
+		/* Wrong format on user setting data */
+		if (handoff->cntlr2_handoff_length < 0) {
+			debug("%s: Wrong format on umctl2 user setting data\n",
+			      __func__);
+			return -ENOEXEC;
+		}
+
+		/* Get the next handoff section address */
+		next_section_header = handoff->cntlr2_handoff_base +
+					handoff->cntlr2_total_length;
+		debug("%s: Next handoff section header location = 0x%llx\n",
+		      __func__, next_section_header);
+	}
+
+	/* Checking next section handoff is PHY ? */
+	if (readl(next_section_header) == SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_PHY_MAGIC) {
+		/* DDR PHY handoff */
+		handoff->phy_handoff_base = next_section_header;
+		debug("%s: PHY handoff base = 0x%x\n", __func__,
+		      (u32)handoff->phy_handoff_base);
+
+		/* PHY base physical address */
+		handoff->phy_base = readl(handoff->phy_handoff_base +
+					SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_PHY_BASE_OFFSET);
+		debug("%s: PHY base = 0x%x\n", __func__,
+		      (u32)handoff->phy_base);
+
+		/* Get the total length of PHY handoff section */
+		handoff->phy_total_length = readl(handoff->phy_handoff_base +
+						SOC64_HANDOFF_OFFSET_LENGTH);
+		debug("%s: PHY total length in byte = 0x%x\n", __func__,
+		      (u32)handoff->phy_total_length);
+
+		/*
+		 * Get the length of user setting data in DDR PHY handoff
+		 * section
+		 */
+		handoff->phy_handoff_length = socfpga_get_handoff_size((void *)
+						handoff->phy_handoff_base);
+		debug("%s: PHY handoff length in word(32-bit) = 0x%x\n",
+		      __func__, (u32)handoff->phy_handoff_length);
+
+		/* Wrong format on PHY user setting data */
+		if (handoff->phy_handoff_length < 0) {
+			debug("%s: Wrong format on PHY user setting data\n",
+			      __func__);
+			return -ENOEXEC;
+		}
+
+		/* Get the next handoff section address */
+		next_section_header = handoff->phy_handoff_base +
+					handoff->phy_total_length;
+		debug("%s: Next handoff section header location = 0x%llx\n",
+		      __func__, next_section_header);
+	} else {
+		debug("%s: Wrong format for DDR handoff, expect PHY",
+		      __func__);
+		debug(" handoff section after umctl2 handoff section\n");
+		return -ENOEXEC;
+	}
+
+	/* Checking next section handoff is PHY init Engine ? */
+	if (readl(next_section_header) ==
+		SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_PHY_INIT_ENGINE_MAGIC) {
+		/* DDR PHY Engine handoff */
+		handoff->phy_engine_handoff_base = next_section_header;
+		debug("%s: PHY init engine handoff base = 0x%x\n", __func__,
+		      (u32)handoff->phy_engine_handoff_base);
+
+		/* Get the total length of PHY init engine handoff section */
+		handoff->phy_engine_total_length =
+				readl(handoff->phy_engine_handoff_base +
+				      SOC64_HANDOFF_OFFSET_LENGTH);
+		debug("%s: PHY engine total length in byte = 0x%x\n", __func__,
+		      (u32)handoff->phy_engine_total_length);
+
+		/*
+		 * Get the length of user setting data in DDR PHY init engine
+		 * handoff section
+		 */
+		handoff->phy_engine_handoff_length =
+			socfpga_get_handoff_size((void *)
+					handoff->phy_engine_handoff_base);
+		debug("%s: PHY engine handoff length in word(32-bit) = 0x%x\n",
+		      __func__, (u32)handoff->phy_engine_handoff_length);
+
+		/* Wrong format on PHY init engine setting data */
+		if (handoff->phy_engine_handoff_length < 0) {
+			debug("%s: Wrong format on PHY init engine ",
+			      __func__);
+			debug("user setting data\n");
+			return -ENOEXEC;
+		}
+	} else {
+		debug("%s: Wrong format for DDR handoff, expect PHY",
+		      __func__);
+		debug(" init engine handoff section after PHY handoff\n");
+		debug(" section\n");
+		return -ENOEXEC;
+	}
+
+	handoff->train_imem_base = handoff->phy_base +
+						DDR_PHY_TRAIN_IMEM_OFFSET;
+	debug("%s: PHY train IMEM base = 0x%x\n",
+	      __func__, (u32)handoff->train_imem_base);
+
+	handoff->train_dmem_base = handoff->phy_base +
+						DDR_PHY_TRAIN_DMEM_OFFSET;
+	debug("%s: PHY train DMEM base = 0x%x\n",
+	      __func__, (u32)handoff->train_dmem_base);
+
+	handoff->train_imem_length = SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_TRAIN_IMEM_LENGTH;
+	debug("%s: PHY train IMEM length = 0x%x\n",
+	      __func__, (u32)handoff->train_imem_length);
+
+	handoff->train_dmem_length = SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_TRAIN_DMEM_LENGTH;
+	debug("%s: PHY train DMEM length = 0x%x\n",
+	      __func__, (u32)handoff->train_dmem_length);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int enable_ddr_clock(struct udevice *dev)
+{
+	struct clk *ddr_clk;
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Enable clock before init DDR */
+	ddr_clk = devm_clk_get(dev, "mem_clk");
+	if (!IS_ERR(ddr_clk)) {
+		ret = clk_enable(ddr_clk);
+		if (ret) {
+			printf("%s: Failed to enable DDR clock\n", __func__);
+			return ret;
+		}
+	} else {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(ddr_clk);
+		debug("%s: Failed to get DDR clock from dts\n", __func__);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	printf("%s: DDR clock is enabled\n", __func__);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int ddr_start_dfi_init(phys_addr_t umctl2_base,
+			      enum ddr_type umctl2_type)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	debug("%s: Start DFI init\n", __func__);
+
+	/* Enable quasi-dynamic programing of controller registers */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SWCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SWCTL_SW_DONE);
+
+	ret = enable_quasi_dynamic_reg_grp3(umctl2_base, umctl2_type);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* Start DFI init sequence */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_DFIMISC_OFFSET,
+		     DDR4_DFIMISC_DFI_INIT_START);
+
+	/* Complete quasi-dynamic register programming */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SWCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SWCTL_SW_DONE);
+
+	/* Polling programming done */
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base +
+				DDR4_SWSTAT_OFFSET),
+				DDR4_SWSTAT_SW_DONE_ACK, true,
+				TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+		debug(" programming done\n");
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int ddr_check_dfi_init_complete(phys_addr_t umctl2_base,
+				       enum ddr_type umctl2_type)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Polling DFI init complete */
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base +
+				DDR4_DFISTAT_OFFSET),
+				DDR4_DFI_INIT_COMPLETE, true,
+				TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+		debug(" DFI init done\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	debug("%s: DFI init completed.\n", __func__);
+
+	/* Enable quasi-dynamic programing of controller registers */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SWCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SWCTL_SW_DONE);
+
+	ret = enable_quasi_dynamic_reg_grp3(umctl2_base, umctl2_type);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* Stop DFI init sequence */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_DFIMISC_OFFSET,
+		     DDR4_DFIMISC_DFI_INIT_START);
+
+	/* Complete quasi-dynamic register programming */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SWCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SWCTL_SW_DONE);
+
+	/* Polling programming done */
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base +
+				DDR4_SWSTAT_OFFSET),
+				DDR4_SWSTAT_SW_DONE_ACK, true,
+				TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+		debug(" programming done\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	debug("%s:DDR programming done\n", __func__);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int ddr_trigger_sdram_init(phys_addr_t umctl2_base,
+				  enum ddr_type umctl2_type)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Enable quasi-dynamic programing of controller registers */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SWCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SWCTL_SW_DONE);
+
+	ret = enable_quasi_dynamic_reg_grp3(umctl2_base, umctl2_type);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* Unmasking dfi init complete */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_DFIMISC_OFFSET,
+		     DDR4_DFIMISC_DFI_INIT_COMPLETE_EN);
+
+	/* Software exit from self-refresh */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_PWRCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_PWRCTL_SELFREF_SW);
+
+	/* Complete quasi-dynamic register programming */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SWCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SWCTL_SW_DONE);
+
+	/* Polling programming done */
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base +
+				DDR4_SWSTAT_OFFSET),
+				DDR4_SWSTAT_SW_DONE_ACK, true,
+				TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+		debug(" programming done\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	debug("%s:DDR programming done\n", __func__);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int ddr_post_handoff_config(phys_addr_t umctl2_base,
+				   enum ddr_type umctl2_type)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	u32 value;
+	u32 start = get_timer(0);
+
+	do {
+		if (get_timer(start) > TIMEOUT_200MS) {
+			debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for",
+			      __func__);
+			debug(" DDR enters normal operating mode\n");
+			return -ETIMEDOUT;
+		}
+
+		udelay(1);
+		WATCHDOG_RESET();
+
+		/* Polling until SDRAM entered normal operating mode */
+		value = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_STAT_OFFSET) &
+			      DDR4_STAT_OPERATING_MODE;
+	} while (value != OPM_NORMAL);
+
+	printf("DDR entered normal operating mode\n");
+
+	/* Enabling auto refresh */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_RFSHCTL3_OFFSET,
+		     DDR4_RFSHCTL3_DIS_AUTO_REFRESH);
+
+	/* Checking ECC is enabled? */
+	value = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_ECCCFG0_OFFSET) & DDR4_ECC_MODE;
+	if (value) {
+		printf("ECC is enabled\n");
+		ret = scrubber_ddr_config(umctl2_base, umctl2_type);
+		if (ret)
+			printf("Failed to enable ECC\n");
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int configure_training_firmware(struct ddr_handoff *ddr_handoff_info,
+				       const void *train_imem,
+				       const void *train_dmem)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	printf("Configuring training firmware ...\n");
+
+	/* Reset SDRAM */
+	writew(DDR_PHY_PROTECT_MEMRESET,
+	       (uintptr_t)(ddr_handoff_info->phy_base +
+	       DDR_PHY_MEMRESETL_OFFSET));
+
+	/* Enable access to the PHY configuration registers */
+	clrbits_le16(ddr_handoff_info->phy_base + DDR_PHY_APBONLY0_OFFSET,
+		     DDR_PHY_MICROCONTMUXSEL);
+
+	/* Copy train IMEM bin */
+	memcpy((void *)ddr_handoff_info->train_imem_base, train_imem,
+	       ddr_handoff_info->train_imem_length);
+
+	ret = memcmp((void *)ddr_handoff_info->train_imem_base, train_imem,
+		     ddr_handoff_info->train_imem_length);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Failed to copy train IMEM binary\n", __func__);
+		/* Isolate the APB access from internal CSRs */
+		setbits_le16(ddr_handoff_info->phy_base +
+			     DDR_PHY_APBONLY0_OFFSET, DDR_PHY_MICROCONTMUXSEL);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	memcpy((void *)ddr_handoff_info->train_dmem_base, train_dmem,
+	       ddr_handoff_info->train_dmem_length);
+
+	ret = memcmp((void *)ddr_handoff_info->train_dmem_base, train_dmem,
+		     ddr_handoff_info->train_dmem_length);
+	if (ret)
+		debug("%s: Failed to copy train DMEM binary\n", __func__);
+
+	/* Isolate the APB access from internal CSRs */
+	setbits_le16(ddr_handoff_info->phy_base + DDR_PHY_APBONLY0_OFFSET,
+		     DDR_PHY_MICROCONTMUXSEL);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void calibrating_sdram(struct ddr_handoff *ddr_handoff_info)
+{
+	/* Init mailbox protocol - set 1 to DCTWRITEPROT[0] */
+	setbits_le16(ddr_handoff_info->phy_base + DDR_PHY_DCTWRITEPROT_OFFSET,
+		     DDR_PHY_DCTWRITEPROT);
+
+	/* Init mailbox protocol - set 1 to UCTWRITEPROT[0] */
+	setbits_le16(ddr_handoff_info->phy_base + DDR_PHY_UCTWRITEPROT_OFFSET,
+		     DDR_PHY_UCTWRITEPROT);
+
+	/* Reset and stalling ARC processor */
+	setbits_le16(ddr_handoff_info->phy_base + DDR_PHY_MICRORESET_OFFSET,
+		     DDR_PHY_MICRORESET_RESET | DDR_PHY_MICRORESET_STALL);
+
+	/* Release ARC processor */
+	clrbits_le16(ddr_handoff_info->phy_base + DDR_PHY_MICRORESET_OFFSET,
+		     DDR_PHY_MICRORESET_RESET);
+
+	/* Starting PHY firmware execution */
+	clrbits_le16(ddr_handoff_info->phy_base + DDR_PHY_MICRORESET_OFFSET,
+		     DDR_PHY_MICRORESET_STALL);
+}
+
+static int get_mail(struct ddr_handoff *handoff, enum message_mode mode,
+		    u32 *message_id)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Polling major messages from PMU */
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le16((const void *)(handoff->phy_base +
+				DDR_PHY_UCTSHADOWREGS_OFFSET),
+				DDR_PHY_UCTSHADOWREGS_UCTWRITEPROTESHADOW,
+				false, TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for",
+		      __func__);
+		debug(" major messages from PMU\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	*message_id = readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+			    DDR_PHY_UCTWRITEONLYSHADOW_OFFSET));
+
+	if (mode == STREAMING_MESSAGE)
+		*message_id |= readw((uintptr_t)((handoff->phy_base +
+				     DDR_PHY_UCTDATWRITEONLYSHADOW_OFFSET))) <<
+				     SZ_16;
+
+	/* Ack the receipt of the major message */
+	clrbits_le16(handoff->phy_base + DDR_PHY_DCTWRITEPROT_OFFSET,
+		     DDR_PHY_DCTWRITEPROT);
+
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le16((const void *)(handoff->phy_base +
+				DDR_PHY_UCTSHADOWREGS_OFFSET),
+				DDR_PHY_UCTSHADOWREGS_UCTWRITEPROTESHADOW,
+				true, TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for",
+		      __func__);
+		debug(" ack the receipt of the major message completed\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	/* Complete protocol */
+	setbits_le16(handoff->phy_base + DDR_PHY_DCTWRITEPROT_OFFSET,
+		     DDR_PHY_DCTWRITEPROT);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int get_mail_streaming(struct ddr_handoff *handoff,
+			      enum message_mode mode, u32 *index)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	*index = readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+		       DDR_PHY_UCTWRITEONLYSHADOW_OFFSET));
+
+	if (mode == STREAMING_MESSAGE)
+		*index |= readw((uintptr_t)((handoff->phy_base +
+				DDR_PHY_UCTDATWRITEONLYSHADOW_OFFSET))) <<
+				SZ_16;
+
+	/* Ack the receipt of the major message */
+	clrbits_le16(handoff->phy_base + DDR_PHY_DCTWRITEPROT_OFFSET,
+		     DDR_PHY_DCTWRITEPROT);
+
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le16((const void *)(handoff->phy_base +
+				DDR_PHY_UCTSHADOWREGS_OFFSET),
+				DDR_PHY_UCTSHADOWREGS_UCTWRITEPROTESHADOW,
+				true, TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for",
+		      __func__);
+		debug(" ack the receipt of the major message completed\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	/* Complete protocol */
+	setbits_le16(handoff->phy_base + DDR_PHY_DCTWRITEPROT_OFFSET,
+		     DDR_PHY_DCTWRITEPROT);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int decode_streaming_message(struct ddr_handoff *ddr_handoff_info,
+				    u32 *streaming_index)
+{
+	int i = 0, ret;
+	u32 temp;
+
+	temp = *streaming_index;
+
+	while (i < GET_LOWHW_DATA(temp)) {
+		ret = get_mail(ddr_handoff_info, STREAMING_MESSAGE,
+			       streaming_index);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		printf("args[%d]: 0x%x ", i, *streaming_index);
+		i++;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int poll_for_training_complete(struct ddr_handoff *ddr_handoff_info)
+{
+	int ret;
+	u32 message_id = 0;
+	u32 streaming_index = 0;
+
+	do {
+		ret = get_mail(ddr_handoff_info, MAJOR_MESSAGE, &message_id);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		 printf("Major message id = 0%x\n", message_id);
+
+		if (message_id == FW_STREAMING_MSG_ID) {
+			ret = get_mail_streaming(ddr_handoff_info,
+						 STREAMING_MESSAGE,
+						 &streaming_index);
+			if (ret)
+				return ret;
+
+			printf("streaming index 0%x : ", streaming_index);
+
+			decode_streaming_message(ddr_handoff_info,
+						 &streaming_index);
+
+			printf("\n");
+		}
+	} while ((message_id != FW_TRAINING_COMPLETED_STAT) &&
+	       (message_id != FW_TRAINING_FAILED_STAT));
+
+	if (message_id == FW_TRAINING_COMPLETED_STAT) {
+		printf("DDR firmware training completed\n");
+	} else if (message_id == FW_TRAINING_FAILED_STAT) {
+		printf("DDR firmware training failed\n");
+		hang();
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void enable_phy_clk_for_csr_access(struct ddr_handoff *handoff,
+					  bool enable)
+{
+	if (enable) {
+		/* Enable PHY clk */
+		setbits_le16((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+			     DDR_PHY_UCCLKHCLKENABLES_OFFSET),
+			     DDR_PHY_UCCLKHCLKENABLES_UCCLKEN |
+			     DDR_PHY_UCCLKHCLKENABLES_HCLKEN);
+	} else {
+		/* Disable PHY clk */
+		clrbits_le16((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+			     DDR_PHY_UCCLKHCLKENABLES_OFFSET),
+			     DDR_PHY_UCCLKHCLKENABLES_UCCLKEN |
+			     DDR_PHY_UCCLKHCLKENABLES_HCLKEN);
+	}
+}
+
+/* helper function for updating train result to umctl2 RANKCTL register */
+static void set_cal_res_to_rankctrl(u32 reg_addr, u16 update_value,
+				    u32 mask, u32 msb_mask, u32 shift)
+{
+	u32 reg, value;
+
+	reg = readl((uintptr_t)reg_addr);
+
+	debug("max value divided by 2 is 0x%x\n", update_value);
+	debug("umclt2 register 0x%x value is 0%x before ", reg_addr, reg);
+	debug("update with train result\n");
+
+	value = (reg & mask) >> shift;
+
+	value += update_value + 3;
+
+	/* reg value greater than 0xF, set one to diff_rank_wr_gap_msb */
+	if (value > 0xF)
+		setbits_le32((u32 *)(uintptr_t)reg_addr, msb_mask);
+	else
+		clrbits_le32((u32 *)(uintptr_t)reg_addr, msb_mask);
+
+	reg = readl((uintptr_t)reg_addr);
+
+	value = (value << shift) & mask;
+
+	/* update register */
+	writel((reg & (~mask)) | value, (uintptr_t)reg_addr);
+
+	reg = readl((uintptr_t)reg_addr);
+	debug("umclt2 register 0x%x value is 0%x before ", reg_addr, reg);
+	debug("update with train result\n");
+}
+
+/* helper function for updating train result to register */
+static void set_cal_res_to_reg(u32 reg_addr, u16 update_value, u32 mask,
+			       u32 shift)
+{
+	u32 reg, value;
+
+	reg = readl((uintptr_t)reg_addr);
+
+	debug("max value divided by 2 is 0x%x\n", update_value);
+	debug("umclt2 register 0x%x value is 0%x before ", reg_addr, reg);
+	debug("update with train result\n");
+
+	value = (reg & mask) >> shift;
+
+	value = ((value + update_value + 3) << shift) & mask;
+
+	/* update register */
+	writel((reg & (~mask)) | value, (uintptr_t)reg_addr);
+
+	reg = readl((uintptr_t)reg_addr);
+	debug("umclt2 register 0x%x value is 0%x before ", reg_addr, reg);
+	debug("update with train result\n");
+}
+
+static u16 get_max_txdqsdlytg0_ux_p0(struct ddr_handoff *handoff, u32 reg,
+				     u8 numdbyte, u16 upd_val)
+{
+	u32 b_addr;
+	u16 val;
+	u8 byte;
+
+	/* Getting max value from DBYTEx TxDqsDlyTg0_ux_p0 */
+	for (byte = 0; byte < numdbyte; byte++) {
+		b_addr = byte << 13;
+
+		/* TxDqsDlyTg0[9:6] is the coarse delay */
+		val = (readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+			     reg + b_addr)) &
+			     DDR_PHY_TXDQDLYTG0_COARSE_DELAY) >>
+			     DDR_PHY_TXDQDLYTG0_COARSE_DELAY_SHIFT;
+
+		upd_val = max(val, upd_val);
+	}
+
+	return upd_val;
+}
+
+static int set_cal_res_to_umctl2(struct ddr_handoff *handoff,
+				 phys_addr_t umctl2_base,
+				 enum ddr_type umctl2_type)
+{
+	int ret;
+	u8 numdbyte = 0x8;
+	u16 upd_val, val;
+	u32 dramtmg2_reg_addr, rankctl_reg_addr, reg_addr;
+
+	/* Enable quasi-dynamic programing of the controller registers */
+	clrbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SWCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SWCTL_SW_DONE);
+
+	ret = enable_quasi_dynamic_reg_grp3(umctl2_base, umctl2_type);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* Enable access to the PHY configuration registers */
+	clrbits_le16(handoff->phy_base + DDR_PHY_APBONLY0_OFFSET,
+		     DDR_PHY_MICROCONTMUXSEL);
+
+	if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_DDR4) {
+		val = GET_HIGHB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				     DMEM_MB_CDD_WW_1_0_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = GET_LOWB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+					DMEM_MB_CDD_WW_0_1_OFFSET)));
+	} else if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_0) {
+		val = GET_LOWB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				    DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_WW_1_0_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = GET_HIGHB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+					 DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_WW_0_1_OFFSET)));
+	} else if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1) {
+		val = GET_HIGHB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				     DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_WW_1_0_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = GET_LOWB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+					DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_WW_0_1_OFFSET)));
+	}
+
+	upd_val = max(val, upd_val);
+	debug("max value is 0x%x\n", upd_val);
+
+	/* Divided by two is required when running in freq ratio 1:2 */
+	if (!(readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_MSTR_OFFSET) & DDR4_FREQ_RATIO))
+		upd_val = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(upd_val, 2);
+
+	debug("Update train value to umctl2 RANKCTL.diff_rank_wr_gap\n");
+	rankctl_reg_addr = umctl2_base + DDR4_RANKCTL_OFFSET;
+	/* Update train value to umctl2 RANKCTL.diff_rank_wr_gap */
+	set_cal_res_to_rankctrl(rankctl_reg_addr, upd_val,
+				DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_WR_GAP,
+				DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_WR_GAP_MSB,
+				DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_WR_GAP_SHIFT);
+
+	debug("Update train value to umctl2 DRAMTMG2.W2RD\n");
+	dramtmg2_reg_addr = umctl2_base + DDR4_DRAMTMG2_OFFSET;
+	/* Update train value to umctl2 dramtmg2.wr2rd */
+	set_cal_res_to_reg(dramtmg2_reg_addr, upd_val, DDR4_DRAMTMG2_WR2RD, 0);
+
+	if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_DDR4) {
+		debug("Update train value to umctl2 DRAMTMG9.W2RD_S\n");
+		reg_addr = umctl2_base + DDR4_DRAMTMG9_OFFSET;
+		/* Update train value to umctl2 dramtmg9.wr2rd_s */
+		set_cal_res_to_reg(reg_addr, upd_val, DDR4_DRAMTMG9_W2RD_S, 0);
+	}
+
+	if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_DDR4) {
+		val = GET_HIGHB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				     DMEM_MB_CDD_RR_1_0_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = GET_LOWB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+					DMEM_MB_CDD_RR_0_1_OFFSET)));
+	} else if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_0) {
+		val = GET_LOWB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				    DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_RR_1_0_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = GET_HIGHB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+					 DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_RR_0_1_OFFSET)));
+	} else if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1) {
+		val = GET_HIGHB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				     DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_RR_1_0_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = GET_LOWB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+					DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_RR_0_1_OFFSET)));
+	}
+
+	upd_val = max(val, upd_val);
+	debug("max value is 0x%x\n", upd_val);
+
+	/* Divided by two is required when running in freq ratio 1:2 */
+	if (!(readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_MSTR_OFFSET) & DDR4_FREQ_RATIO))
+		upd_val = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(upd_val, 2);
+
+	debug("Update train value to umctl2 RANKCTL.diff_rank_rd_gap\n");
+	/* Update train value to umctl2 RANKCTL.diff_rank_rd_gap */
+	set_cal_res_to_rankctrl(rankctl_reg_addr, upd_val,
+				DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_RD_GAP,
+				DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_RD_GAP_MSB,
+				DDR4_RANKCTL_DIFF_RANK_RD_GAP_SHIFT);
+
+	if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_DDR4) {
+		val = GET_HIGHB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				     DMEM_MB_CDD_RW_1_1_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = GET_LOWB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+					DMEM_MB_CDD_RW_1_0_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = max(val, upd_val);
+
+		val = GET_HIGHB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				     DMEM_MB_CDD_RW_0_1_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = max(val, upd_val);
+
+		val = GET_LOWB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				    DMEM_MB_CDD_RW_0_0_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = max(val, upd_val);
+	} else if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_0) {
+		val = GET_LOWB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				    DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_RW_1_1_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = GET_HIGHB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+					 DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_RW_1_0_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = max(val, upd_val);
+
+		val = GET_LOWB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				    DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_RW_0_1_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = max(val, upd_val);
+
+		val = GET_HIGHB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				     DMEM_MB_CDD_CHA_RW_0_0_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = max(val, upd_val);
+	} else if (umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1) {
+		val = GET_HIGHB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				     DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_RW_1_1_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = GET_LOWB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+					DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_RW_1_0_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = max(val, upd_val);
+
+		val = GET_HIGHB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				     DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_RW_0_1_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = max(val, upd_val);
+
+		val = GET_LOWB_DATA(readw((uintptr_t)(handoff->phy_base +
+				    DMEM_MB_CDD_CHB_RW_0_0_OFFSET)));
+
+		upd_val = max(val, upd_val);
+	}
+
+	debug("max value is 0x%x\n", upd_val);
+
+	/* Divided by two is required when running in freq ratio 1:2 */
+	if (!(readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_MSTR_OFFSET) & DDR4_FREQ_RATIO))
+		upd_val = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(upd_val, 2);
+
+	debug("Update train value to umctl2 dramtmg2.rd2wr\n");
+	/* Update train value to umctl2 dramtmg2.rd2wr */
+	set_cal_res_to_reg(dramtmg2_reg_addr, upd_val, DDR4_DRAMTMG2_RD2WR,
+			   DDR4_DRAMTMG2_RD2WR_SHIFT);
+
+	/* Checking ECC is enabled?, lpddr4 using inline ECC */
+	val = readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_ECCCFG0_OFFSET) & DDR4_ECC_MODE;
+	if (val && umctl2_type == DDRTYPE_DDR4)
+		numdbyte = 0x9;
+
+	upd_val = 0;
+
+	/* Getting max value from DBYTEx TxDqsDlyTg0_u0_p0 */
+	upd_val = get_max_txdqsdlytg0_ux_p0(handoff,
+					    DDR_PHY_DBYTE0_TXDQDLYTG0_U0_P0,
+					    numdbyte, upd_val);
+
+	/* Getting max value from DBYTEx TxDqsDlyTg0_u1_p0 */
+	upd_val = get_max_txdqsdlytg0_ux_p0(handoff,
+					    DDR_PHY_DBYTE0_TXDQDLYTG0_U1_P0,
+					    numdbyte, upd_val);
+
+	debug("TxDqsDlyTg0 max value is 0x%x\n", upd_val);
+
+	/* Divided by two is required when running in freq ratio 1:2 */
+	if (!(readl(umctl2_base + DDR4_MSTR_OFFSET) & DDR4_FREQ_RATIO))
+		upd_val = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(upd_val, 2);
+
+	reg_addr = umctl2_base + DDR4_DFITMG1_OFFSET;
+	/* Update train value to umctl2 dfitmg1.dfi_wrdata_delay */
+	set_cal_res_to_reg(reg_addr, upd_val, DDR4_DFITMG1_DFI_T_WRDATA_DELAY,
+			   DDR4_DFITMG1_DFI_T_WRDATA_SHIFT);
+
+	/* Complete quasi-dynamic register programming */
+	setbits_le32(umctl2_base + DDR4_SWCTL_OFFSET, DDR4_SWCTL_SW_DONE);
+
+	/* Polling programming done */
+	ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(umctl2_base +
+				DDR4_SWSTAT_OFFSET), DDR4_SWSTAT_SW_DONE_ACK,
+				true, TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+		debug(" programming done\n");
+	}
+
+	/* Isolate the APB access from internal CSRs */
+	setbits_le16(handoff->phy_base + DDR_PHY_APBONLY0_OFFSET,
+		     DDR_PHY_MICROCONTMUXSEL);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int update_training_result(struct ddr_handoff *ddr_handoff_info)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	/* Updating training result to first DDR controller */
+	if (ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_t == DDRTYPE_DDR4 ||
+	    ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_0) {
+		ret = set_cal_res_to_umctl2(ddr_handoff_info,
+					    ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_base,
+					    ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_t);
+		if (ret) {
+			debug("%s: Failed to update train result to ",
+			      __func__);
+			debug("first DDR controller\n");
+			return ret;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Updating training result to 2nd DDR controller */
+	if (ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1) {
+		ret = set_cal_res_to_umctl2(ddr_handoff_info,
+					    ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_base,
+					    ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_t);
+		if (ret) {
+			debug("%s: Failed to update train result to ",
+			      __func__);
+			debug("2nd DDR controller\n");
+		}
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int start_ddr_calibration(struct ddr_handoff *ddr_handoff_info)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Implement 1D training firmware */
+	ret = configure_training_firmware(ddr_handoff_info,
+		(const void *)SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_TRAIN_IMEM_1D_SECTION,
+		(const void *)SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_TRAIN_DMEM_1D_SECTION);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Failed to configure 1D training firmware\n",
+		      __func__);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	calibrating_sdram(ddr_handoff_info);
+
+	ret = poll_for_training_complete(ddr_handoff_info);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Failed to get FW training completed\n",
+		      __func__);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	/* Updating training result to DDR controller */
+	ret = update_training_result(ddr_handoff_info);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* Implement 2D training firmware */
+	ret = configure_training_firmware(ddr_handoff_info,
+		(const void *)SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_TRAIN_IMEM_2D_SECTION,
+		(const void *)SOC64_HANDOFF_DDR_TRAIN_DMEM_2D_SECTION);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Failed to update train result to ", __func__);
+		debug("DDR controller\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	calibrating_sdram(ddr_handoff_info);
+
+	ret = poll_for_training_complete(ddr_handoff_info);
+	if (ret)
+		debug("%s: Failed to get FW training completed\n",
+		      __func__);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int init_controller(struct ddr_handoff *ddr_handoff_info,
+			   u32 *user_backup, u32 *user_backup_2nd)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_t == DDRTYPE_DDR4  ||
+	    ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_0) {
+		/* Initialize 1st DDR controller */
+		ret = init_umctl2(ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_handoff_base,
+				  ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_base,
+				  ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_t,
+				  ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_handoff_length,
+				  user_backup);
+		if (ret) {
+			debug("%s: Failed to inilialize first controller\n",
+			      __func__);
+			return ret;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1) {
+		/* Initialize 2nd DDR controller */
+		ret = init_umctl2(ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_handoff_base,
+				  ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_base,
+				  ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_t,
+				  ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_handoff_length,
+				  user_backup_2nd);
+		if (ret)
+			debug("%s: Failed to inilialize 2nd controller\n",
+			      __func__);
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int dfi_init(struct ddr_handoff *ddr_handoff_info)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = ddr_start_dfi_init(ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_base,
+				 ddr_handoff_info->cntlr_t);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1)
+		ret = ddr_start_dfi_init(ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_base,
+					 ddr_handoff_info->cntlr2_t);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int check_dfi_init(struct ddr_handoff *handoff)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = ddr_check_dfi_init_complete(handoff->cntlr_base,
+					  handoff->cntlr_t);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (handoff->cntlr2_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1)
+		ret = ddr_check_dfi_init_complete(handoff->cntlr2_base,
+						  handoff->cntlr2_t);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int trigger_sdram_init(struct ddr_handoff *handoff)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = ddr_trigger_sdram_init(handoff->cntlr_base,
+				     handoff->cntlr_t);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (handoff->cntlr2_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1)
+		ret = ddr_trigger_sdram_init(handoff->cntlr2_base,
+					     handoff->cntlr2_t);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int ddr_post_config(struct ddr_handoff *handoff)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = ddr_post_handoff_config(handoff->cntlr_base,
+				      handoff->cntlr_t);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (handoff->cntlr2_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1)
+		ret = ddr_post_handoff_config(handoff->cntlr2_base,
+					      handoff->cntlr2_t);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static bool is_ddr_retention_enabled(u32 boot_scratch_cold0_reg)
+{
+	return boot_scratch_cold0_reg &
+	       ALT_SYSMGR_SCRATCH_REG_0_DDR_RETENTION_MASK;
+}
+
+static bool is_ddr_bitstream_sha_matching(u32 boot_scratch_cold0_reg)
+{
+	return boot_scratch_cold0_reg & ALT_SYSMGR_SCRATCH_REG_0_DDR_SHA_MASK;
+}
+
+static enum reset_type get_reset_type(u32 boot_scratch_cold0_reg)
+{
+	return (boot_scratch_cold0_reg &
+		ALT_SYSMGR_SCRATCH_REG_0_DDR_RESET_TYPE_MASK) >>
+		ALT_SYSMGR_SCRATCH_REG_0_DDR_RESET_TYPE_SHIFT;
+}
+
+void reset_type_debug_print(u32 boot_scratch_cold0_reg)
+{
+	switch (get_reset_type(boot_scratch_cold0_reg)) {
+	case POR_RESET:
+		debug("%s: POR is triggered\n", __func__);
+		break;
+	case WARM_RESET:
+		debug("%s: Warm reset is triggered\n", __func__);
+		break;
+	case COLD_RESET:
+		debug("%s: Cold reset is triggered\n", __func__);
+		break;
+	default:
+		debug("%s: Invalid reset type\n", __func__);
+	}
+}
+
+bool is_ddr_init(void)
+{
+	u32 reg = readl(socfpga_get_sysmgr_addr() +
+			SYSMGR_SOC64_BOOT_SCRATCH_COLD0);
+
+	reset_type_debug_print(reg);
+
+	if (get_reset_type(reg) == POR_RESET) {
+		debug("%s: DDR init is required\n", __func__);
+		return true;
+	}
+
+	if (get_reset_type(reg) == WARM_RESET) {
+		debug("%s: DDR init is skipped\n", __func__);
+		return false;
+	}
+
+	if (get_reset_type(reg) == COLD_RESET) {
+		if (is_ddr_retention_enabled(reg) &&
+		    is_ddr_bitstream_sha_matching(reg)) {
+			debug("%s: DDR retention bit is set\n", __func__);
+			debug("%s: Matching in DDR bistream\n", __func__);
+			debug("%s: DDR init is skipped\n", __func__);
+			return false;
+		}
+	}
+
+	debug("%s: DDR init is required\n", __func__);
+	return true;
+}
+
+int sdram_mmr_init_full(struct udevice *dev)
+{
+	u32 user_backup[2], user_backup_2nd[2];
+	int ret;
+	struct bd_info bd;
+	struct ddr_handoff ddr_handoff_info;
+	struct altera_sdram_priv *priv = dev_get_priv(dev);
+
+	printf("Checking SDRAM configuration in progress ...\n");
+	ret = populate_ddr_handoff(&ddr_handoff_info);
+		if (ret) {
+			debug("%s: Failed to populate DDR handoff\n",
+			      __func__);
+			return ret;
+		}
+
+	/* Set the MPFE NoC mux to correct DDR controller type */
+	use_ddr4(ddr_handoff_info.cntlr_t);
+
+	if (is_ddr_init()) {
+		printf("SDRAM init in progress ...\n");
+
+		/*
+		 * Polling reset complete, must be high to ensure DDR subsystem
+		 * in complete reset state before init DDR clock and DDR
+		 * controller
+		 */
+		ret = wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)((uintptr_t)(readl
+					(ddr_handoff_info.mem_reset_base) +
+					MEM_RST_MGR_STATUS)),
+					MEM_RST_MGR_STATUS_RESET_COMPLETE,
+					true, TIMEOUT_200MS, false);
+		if (ret) {
+			debug("%s: Timeout while waiting for", __func__);
+			debug(" reset complete done\n");
+			return ret;
+		}
+
+		ret = enable_ddr_clock(dev);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		ret = init_controller(&ddr_handoff_info, user_backup,
+				      user_backup_2nd);
+		if (ret) {
+			debug("%s: Failed to inilialize DDR controller\n",
+			      __func__);
+			return ret;
+		}
+
+		/* Release the controller from reset */
+		setbits_le32((uintptr_t)
+			     (readl(ddr_handoff_info.mem_reset_base) +
+			     MEM_RST_MGR_STATUS), MEM_RST_MGR_STATUS_AXI_RST |
+			     MEM_RST_MGR_STATUS_CONTROLLER_RST |
+			     MEM_RST_MGR_STATUS_RESET_COMPLETE);
+
+		printf("DDR controller configuration is completed\n");
+
+		/* Initialize DDR PHY */
+		ret = init_phy(&ddr_handoff_info);
+		if (ret) {
+			debug("%s: Failed to inilialize DDR PHY\n", __func__);
+			return ret;
+		}
+
+		enable_phy_clk_for_csr_access(&ddr_handoff_info, true);
+
+		ret = start_ddr_calibration(&ddr_handoff_info);
+		if (ret) {
+			debug("%s: Failed to calibrate DDR\n", __func__);
+			return ret;
+		}
+
+		enable_phy_clk_for_csr_access(&ddr_handoff_info, false);
+
+		/* Reset ARC processor when no using for security purpose */
+		setbits_le16(ddr_handoff_info.phy_base +
+			     DDR_PHY_MICRORESET_OFFSET,
+			     DDR_PHY_MICRORESET_RESET);
+
+		/* DDR freq set to support DDR4-3200 */
+		phy_init_engine(&ddr_handoff_info);
+
+		ret = dfi_init(&ddr_handoff_info);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		ret = check_dfi_init(&ddr_handoff_info);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		ret = trigger_sdram_init(&ddr_handoff_info);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		ret = ddr_post_config(&ddr_handoff_info);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		/* Restore user settings */
+		writel(user_backup[0], ddr_handoff_info.cntlr_base +
+		       DDR4_PWRCTL_OFFSET);
+
+		if (ddr_handoff_info.cntlr2_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_0)
+			setbits_le32(ddr_handoff_info.cntlr_base +
+				     DDR4_INIT0_OFFSET, user_backup[1]);
+
+		if (ddr_handoff_info.cntlr2_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1) {
+			/* Restore user settings */
+			writel(user_backup_2nd[0],
+			       ddr_handoff_info.cntlr2_base +
+			       DDR4_PWRCTL_OFFSET);
+
+			setbits_le32(ddr_handoff_info.cntlr2_base +
+				     DDR4_INIT0_OFFSET, user_backup_2nd[1]);
+		}
+
+		/* Enable input traffic per port */
+		setbits_le32(ddr_handoff_info.cntlr_base + DDR4_PCTRL0_OFFSET,
+			     DDR4_PCTRL0_PORT_EN);
+
+		if (ddr_handoff_info.cntlr2_t == DDRTYPE_LPDDR4_1) {
+			/* Enable input traffic per port */
+			setbits_le32(ddr_handoff_info.cntlr2_base +
+				     DDR4_PCTRL0_OFFSET, DDR4_PCTRL0_PORT_EN);
+		}
+
+		printf("DDR init success\n");
+	}
+
+	/* Get bank configuration from devicetree */
+	ret = fdtdec_decode_ram_size(gd->fdt_blob, NULL, 0, NULL,
+				     (phys_size_t *)&gd->ram_size, &bd);
+	if (ret) {
+		debug("%s: Failed to decode memory node\n",  __func__);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	printf("DDR: %lld MiB\n", gd->ram_size >> 20);
+
+	priv->info.base = bd.bi_dram[0].start;
+	priv->info.size = gd->ram_size;
+
+	sdram_size_check(&bd);
+
+	sdram_set_firewall(&bd);
+
+	return 0;
+}
diff --git a/drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_soc64.c b/drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_soc64.c
index cc656db97c..d6baac2410 100644
--- a/drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_soc64.c
+++ b/drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_soc64.c
@@ -100,12 +100,14 @@  int emif_reset(struct altera_sdram_plat *plat)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+#if !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TARGET_SOCFPGA_N5X)
 int poll_hmc_clock_status(void)
 {
 	return wait_for_bit_le32((const void *)(socfpga_get_sysmgr_addr() +
 				 SYSMGR_SOC64_HMC_CLK),
 				 SYSMGR_HMC_CLK_STATUS_MSK, true, 1000, false);
 }
+#endif
 
 void sdram_clear_mem(phys_addr_t addr, phys_size_t size)
 {
@@ -249,11 +251,78 @@  phys_size_t sdram_calculate_size(struct altera_sdram_plat *plat)
 	return size;
 }
 
+void sdram_set_firewall(struct bd_info *bd)
+{
+	u32 i;
+	phys_size_t value;
+	u32 lower, upper;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < CONFIG_NR_DRAM_BANKS; i++) {
+		if (!bd->bi_dram[i].size)
+			continue;
+
+		value = bd->bi_dram[i].start;
+
+		/* Keep first 1MB of SDRAM memory region as secure region when
+		 * using ATF flow, where the ATF code is located.
+		 */
+		if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPL_ATF) && i == 0)
+			value += SZ_1M;
+
+		/* Setting non-secure MPU region base and base extended */
+		lower = lower_32_bits(value);
+		upper = upper_32_bits(value);
+		FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_WRITEL(lower,
+				      FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_MPUREGION0ADDR_BASE +
+				      (i * 4 * sizeof(u32)));
+		FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_WRITEL(upper & 0xff,
+				      FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_MPUREGION0ADDR_BASEEXT +
+				      (i * 4 * sizeof(u32)));
+
+		/* Setting non-secure Non-MPU region base and base extended */
+		FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_WRITEL(lower,
+				      FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_NONMPUREGION0ADDR_BASE +
+				      (i * 4 * sizeof(u32)));
+		FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_WRITEL(upper & 0xff,
+				      FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_NONMPUREGION0ADDR_BASEEXT +
+				      (i * 4 * sizeof(u32)));
+
+		/* Setting non-secure MPU limit and limit extexded */
+		value = bd->bi_dram[i].start + bd->bi_dram[i].size - 1;
+
+		lower = lower_32_bits(value);
+		upper = upper_32_bits(value);
+
+		FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_WRITEL(lower,
+				      FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_MPUREGION0ADDR_LIMIT +
+				      (i * 4 * sizeof(u32)));
+		FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_WRITEL(upper & 0xff,
+				      FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_MPUREGION0ADDR_LIMITEXT +
+				      (i * 4 * sizeof(u32)));
+
+		/* Setting non-secure Non-MPU limit and limit extexded */
+		FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_WRITEL(lower,
+				      FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_NONMPUREGION0ADDR_LIMIT +
+				      (i * 4 * sizeof(u32)));
+		FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_WRITEL(upper & 0xff,
+				      FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_NONMPUREGION0ADDR_LIMITEXT +
+				      (i * 4 * sizeof(u32)));
+
+		FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_WRITEL(BIT(i) | BIT(i + 8),
+				      FW_MPU_DDR_SCR_EN_SET);
+	}
+}
+
 static int altera_sdram_of_to_plat(struct udevice *dev)
 {
 	struct altera_sdram_plat *plat = dev_get_plat(dev);
 	fdt_addr_t addr;
 
+	/* These regs info are part of DDR handoff in bitstream */
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TARGET_SOCFPGA_N5X)
+	return 0;
+#endif
+
 	addr = dev_read_addr_index(dev, 0);
 	if (addr == FDT_ADDR_T_NONE)
 		return -EINVAL;
@@ -314,6 +383,7 @@  static struct ram_ops altera_sdram_ops = {
 static const struct udevice_id altera_sdram_ids[] = {
 	{ .compatible = "altr,sdr-ctl-s10" },
 	{ .compatible = "intel,sdr-ctl-agilex" },
+	{ .compatible = "intel,sdr-ctl-n5x" },
 	{ /* sentinel */ }
 };
 
diff --git a/drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_soc64.h b/drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_soc64.h
index 8af0afc410..7460f8c220 100644
--- a/drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_soc64.h
+++ b/drivers/ddr/altera/sdram_soc64.h
@@ -180,6 +180,7 @@  int emif_reset(struct altera_sdram_plat *plat);
 int poll_hmc_clock_status(void);
 void sdram_clear_mem(phys_addr_t addr, phys_size_t size);
 void sdram_init_ecc_bits(struct bd_info *bd);
+void sdram_set_firewall(struct bd_info *bd);
 void sdram_size_check(struct bd_info *bd);
 phys_size_t sdram_calculate_size(struct altera_sdram_plat *plat);
 int sdram_mmr_init_full(struct udevice *dev);