diff mbox series

[05/16] usb: gadget: OS Feature Descriptors support

Message ID 20200916132537.8313-6-peng.fan@nxp.com
State New
Delegated to: Lukasz Majewski
Headers show
Series usb: gadget: update | expand

Commit Message

Peng Fan Sept. 16, 2020, 1:25 p.m. UTC
From: Li Jun <jun.li@nxp.com>

This is a proting patch from linux kernel: 37a3a533429e
("usb: gadget: OS Feature Descriptors support"), the original commit
log see below:

There is a custom (non-USB IF) extension to the USB standard:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/windows/hardware/gg463182

They grant permission to use the specification - there is
"Microsoft OS Descriptor Specification License Agreement"
under the link mentioned above, and its Section 2 "Grant
of License", letter (b) reads:

"Patent license. Microsoft hereby grants to You a nonexclusive,
royalty-free, nontransferable, worldwide license under Microsoft’s
patents embodied solely within the Specification and that are owned
or licensable by Microsoft to make, use, import, offer to sell,
sell and distribute directly or indirectly to Your Licensees Your
Implementation. You may sublicense this patent license to Your
Licensees under the same terms and conditions."

The said extension is maintained by Microsoft for Microsoft.

Yet it is fairly common for various devices to use it, and a
popular proprietary operating system expects devices to provide
"OS descriptors", so Linux-based USB gadgets whishing to be able
to talk to a variety of operating systems should be able to provide
the "OS descriptors".

This patch adds optional support for gadgets whishing to expose
the so called "OS Feature Descriptors", that is "Extended Compatibility ID"
and "Extended Properties".

Hosts which do request "OS descriptors" from gadgets do so during
the enumeration phase and before the configuration is set with
SET_CONFIGURATION. What is more, those hosts never ask for configurations
at indices other than 0. Therefore, gadgets whishing to provide
"OS descriptors" must designate one configuration to be used with
this kind of hosts - this is what os_desc_config is added for in
struct usb_composite_dev. There is an additional advantage to it:
if a gadget provides "OS descriptors" and designates one configuration
to be used with such non-USB-compliant hosts it can invoke
"usb_add_config" in any order because the designated configuration
will be reported to be at index 0 anyway.

This patch also adds handling vendor-specific requests addressed
at device or interface and related to handling "OS descriptors"."

Signed-off-by: Li Jun <jun.li@nxp.com>
Signed-off-by: Peng Fan <peng.fan@nxp.com>
---
 drivers/usb/gadget/composite.c | 252 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 drivers/usb/gadget/u_os_desc.h | 123 ++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/usb/composite.h  |  57 ++++++++
 3 files changed, 431 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/usb/gadget/u_os_desc.h
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/usb/gadget/composite.c b/drivers/usb/gadget/composite.c
index 63855af52e..0fdc1302ae 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/gadget/composite.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/gadget/composite.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/bitops.h>
 #include <linux/bug.h>
 #include <linux/usb/composite.h>
+#include "u_os_desc.h"
 
 #define USB_BUFSIZ	4096
 
@@ -244,6 +245,7 @@  static int config_desc(struct usb_composite_dev *cdev, unsigned w_value)
 	u8				type = w_value >> 8;
 	int                             hs = 0;
 	struct usb_configuration	*c;
+	struct list_head		*pos;
 
 	if (gadget_is_dualspeed(gadget)) {
 		if (gadget->speed == USB_SPEED_HIGH)
@@ -255,7 +257,20 @@  static int config_desc(struct usb_composite_dev *cdev, unsigned w_value)
 	}
 
 	w_value &= 0xff;
-	list_for_each_entry(c, &cdev->configs, list) {
+
+	pos = &cdev->configs;
+	c = cdev->os_desc_config;
+	if (c)
+		goto check_config;
+
+	while ((pos = pos->next) !=  &cdev->configs) {
+		c = list_entry(pos, typeof(*c), list);
+
+		/* skip OS Descriptors config which is handled separately */
+		if (c == cdev->os_desc_config)
+			continue;
+
+check_config:
 		if (speed == USB_SPEED_HIGH) {
 			if (!c->highspeed)
 				continue;
@@ -779,6 +794,156 @@  static int bos_desc(struct usb_composite_dev *cdev)
 	return le16_to_cpu(bos->wTotalLength);
 }
 
+static int count_ext_compat(struct usb_configuration *c)
+{
+	int i, res;
+
+	res = 0;
+	for (i = 0; i < c->next_interface_id; ++i) {
+		struct usb_function *f;
+		int j;
+
+		f = c->interface[i];
+		for (j = 0; j < f->os_desc_n; ++j) {
+			struct usb_os_desc *d;
+
+			if (i != f->os_desc_table[j].if_id)
+				continue;
+			d = f->os_desc_table[j].os_desc;
+			if (d && d->ext_compat_id)
+				++res;
+		}
+	}
+	BUG_ON(res > 255);
+	return res;
+}
+
+static void fill_ext_compat(struct usb_configuration *c, u8 *buf)
+{
+	int i, count;
+
+	count = 16;
+	for (i = 0; i < c->next_interface_id; ++i) {
+		struct usb_function *f;
+		int j;
+
+		f = c->interface[i];
+		for (j = 0; j < f->os_desc_n; ++j) {
+			struct usb_os_desc *d;
+
+			if (i != f->os_desc_table[j].if_id)
+				continue;
+			d = f->os_desc_table[j].os_desc;
+			if (d && d->ext_compat_id) {
+				*buf++ = i;
+				*buf++ = 0x01;
+				memcpy(buf, d->ext_compat_id, 16);
+				buf += 22;
+			} else {
+				++buf;
+				*buf = 0x01;
+				buf += 23;
+			}
+			count += 24;
+			if (count >= 4096)
+				return;
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+static int count_ext_prop(struct usb_configuration *c, int interface)
+{
+	struct usb_function *f;
+	int j;
+
+	f = c->interface[interface];
+	for (j = 0; j < f->os_desc_n; ++j) {
+		struct usb_os_desc *d;
+
+		if (interface != f->os_desc_table[j].if_id)
+			continue;
+		d = f->os_desc_table[j].os_desc;
+		if (d && d->ext_compat_id)
+			return d->ext_prop_count;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int len_ext_prop(struct usb_configuration *c, int interface)
+{
+	struct usb_function *f;
+	struct usb_os_desc *d;
+	int j, res;
+
+	res = 10; /* header length */
+	f = c->interface[interface];
+	for (j = 0; j < f->os_desc_n; ++j) {
+		if (interface != f->os_desc_table[j].if_id)
+			continue;
+		d = f->os_desc_table[j].os_desc;
+		if (d)
+			return min(res + d->ext_prop_len, 4096);
+	}
+	return res;
+}
+
+static int fill_ext_prop(struct usb_configuration *c, int interface, u8 *buf)
+{
+	struct usb_function *f;
+	struct usb_os_desc *d;
+	struct usb_os_desc_ext_prop *ext_prop;
+	int j, count, n, ret;
+	u8 *start = buf;
+
+	f = c->interface[interface];
+	for (j = 0; j < f->os_desc_n; ++j) {
+		if (interface != f->os_desc_table[j].if_id)
+			continue;
+		d = f->os_desc_table[j].os_desc;
+		if (d)
+			list_for_each_entry(ext_prop, &d->ext_prop, entry) {
+				/* 4kB minus header length */
+				n = buf - start;
+				if (n >= 4086)
+					return 0;
+
+				count = ext_prop->data_len +
+					ext_prop->name_len + 14;
+				if (count > 4086 - n)
+					return -EINVAL;
+				usb_ext_prop_put_size(buf, count);
+				usb_ext_prop_put_type(buf, ext_prop->type);
+				ret = usb_ext_prop_put_name(buf, ext_prop->name,
+							    ext_prop->name_len);
+				if (ret < 0)
+					return ret;
+				switch (ext_prop->type) {
+				case USB_EXT_PROP_UNICODE:
+				case USB_EXT_PROP_UNICODE_ENV:
+				case USB_EXT_PROP_UNICODE_LINK:
+					usb_ext_prop_put_unicode(buf, ret,
+							 ext_prop->data,
+							 ext_prop->data_len);
+					break;
+				case USB_EXT_PROP_BINARY:
+					usb_ext_prop_put_binary(buf, ret,
+							ext_prop->data,
+							ext_prop->data_len);
+					break;
+				case USB_EXT_PROP_LE32:
+					/* not implemented */
+				case USB_EXT_PROP_BE32:
+					/* not implemented */
+				default:
+					return -EINVAL;
+				}
+				buf += count;
+			}
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /*
  * The setup() callback implements all the ep0 functionality that's
  * not handled lower down, in hardware or the hardware driver(like
@@ -935,6 +1100,91 @@  composite_setup(struct usb_gadget *gadget, const struct usb_ctrlrequest *ctrl)
 		break;
 	default:
 unknown:
+		/*
+		 * OS descriptors handling
+		 */
+		if (cdev->use_os_string && cdev->os_desc_config &&
+		    (ctrl->bRequestType & USB_TYPE_VENDOR) &&
+		    ctrl->bRequest == cdev->b_vendor_code) {
+			struct usb_configuration	*os_desc_cfg;
+			u8				*buf;
+			int				interface;
+			int				count = 0;
+
+			buf = req->buf;
+			os_desc_cfg = cdev->os_desc_config;
+			memset(buf, 0, w_length);
+			buf[5] = 0x01;
+			switch (ctrl->bRequestType & USB_RECIP_MASK) {
+			case USB_RECIP_DEVICE:
+				if (w_index != 0x4 || (w_value >> 8))
+					break;
+				buf[6] = w_index;
+				if (w_length == 0x10) {
+					/* Number of ext compat interfaces */
+					count = count_ext_compat(os_desc_cfg);
+					buf[8] = count;
+					count *= 24; /* 24 B/ext compat desc */
+					count += 16; /* header */
+					put_unaligned_le32(count, buf);
+					value = w_length;
+				} else {
+					/* "extended compatibility ID"s */
+					count = count_ext_compat(os_desc_cfg);
+					buf[8] = count;
+					count *= 24; /* 24 B/ext compat desc */
+					count += 16; /* header */
+					put_unaligned_le32(count, buf);
+					buf += 16;
+					fill_ext_compat(os_desc_cfg, buf);
+					value = w_length;
+				}
+				break;
+			case USB_RECIP_INTERFACE:
+				if (w_index != 0x5 || (w_value >> 8))
+					break;
+				interface = w_value & 0xFF;
+				buf[6] = w_index;
+				if (w_length == 0x0A) {
+					count = count_ext_prop(os_desc_cfg,
+						interface);
+					put_unaligned_le16(count, buf + 8);
+					count = len_ext_prop(os_desc_cfg,
+						interface);
+					put_unaligned_le32(count, buf);
+
+					value = w_length;
+				} else {
+					count = count_ext_prop(os_desc_cfg,
+						interface);
+					put_unaligned_le16(count, buf + 8);
+					count = len_ext_prop(os_desc_cfg,
+						interface);
+					put_unaligned_le32(count, buf);
+					buf += 10;
+					value = fill_ext_prop(os_desc_cfg,
+							      interface, buf);
+					if (value < 0)
+						return value;
+
+					value = w_length;
+				}
+				break;
+			}
+
+			if (value >= 0) {
+				req->length = value;
+				req->zero = value < w_length;
+				value = usb_ep_queue(gadget->ep0, req, GFP_KERNEL);
+				if (value < 0) {
+					debug("ep_queue --> %d\n", value);
+					req->status = 0;
+					composite_setup_complete(gadget->ep0, req);
+				}
+			}
+			return value;
+		}
+
 		debug("non-core control req%02x.%02x v%04x i%04x l%d\n",
 			ctrl->bRequestType, ctrl->bRequest,
 			w_value, w_index, w_length);
diff --git a/drivers/usb/gadget/u_os_desc.h b/drivers/usb/gadget/u_os_desc.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..4dab4814a3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/usb/gadget/u_os_desc.h
@@ -0,0 +1,123 @@ 
+/*
+ * u_os_desc.h
+ *
+ * Utility definitions for "OS Descriptors" support
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2014 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
+ *		http://www.samsung.com
+ *
+ * Author: Andrzej Pietrasiewicz <andrzej.p@samsung.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __U_OS_DESC_H__
+#define __U_OS_DESC_H__
+
+#include <linux/utf.h>
+
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_DW_SIZE			0
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_DW_PROPERTY_DATA_TYPE	4
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_W_PROPERTY_NAME_LENGTH	8
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_B_PROPERTY_NAME		10
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_DW_PROPERTY_DATA_LENGTH	10
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_B_PROPERTY_DATA		14
+
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_RESERVED			0
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_UNICODE			1
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_UNICODE_ENV		2
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_BINARY			3
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_LE32			4
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_BE32			5
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_UNICODE_LINK		6
+#define USB_EXT_PROP_UNICODE_MULTI		7
+
+static inline u8 *__usb_ext_prop_ptr(u8 *buf, size_t offset)
+{
+	return buf + offset;
+}
+
+static inline u8 *usb_ext_prop_size_ptr(u8 *buf)
+{
+	return __usb_ext_prop_ptr(buf, USB_EXT_PROP_DW_SIZE);
+}
+
+static inline u8 *usb_ext_prop_type_ptr(u8 *buf)
+{
+	return __usb_ext_prop_ptr(buf, USB_EXT_PROP_DW_PROPERTY_DATA_TYPE);
+}
+
+static inline u8 *usb_ext_prop_name_len_ptr(u8 *buf)
+{
+	return __usb_ext_prop_ptr(buf, USB_EXT_PROP_W_PROPERTY_NAME_LENGTH);
+}
+
+static inline u8 *usb_ext_prop_name_ptr(u8 *buf)
+{
+	return __usb_ext_prop_ptr(buf, USB_EXT_PROP_B_PROPERTY_NAME);
+}
+
+static inline u8 *usb_ext_prop_data_len_ptr(u8 *buf, size_t off)
+{
+	return __usb_ext_prop_ptr(buf,
+				  USB_EXT_PROP_DW_PROPERTY_DATA_LENGTH + off);
+}
+
+static inline u8 *usb_ext_prop_data_ptr(u8 *buf, size_t off)
+{
+	return __usb_ext_prop_ptr(buf, USB_EXT_PROP_B_PROPERTY_DATA + off);
+}
+
+static inline void usb_ext_prop_put_size(u8 *buf, int dw_size)
+{
+	put_unaligned_le32(dw_size, usb_ext_prop_size_ptr(buf));
+}
+
+static inline void usb_ext_prop_put_type(u8 *buf, int type)
+{
+	put_unaligned_le32(type, usb_ext_prop_type_ptr(buf));
+}
+
+static inline int usb_ext_prop_put_name(u8 *buf, const char *name, int pnl)
+{
+	int result;
+
+	put_unaligned_le16(pnl, usb_ext_prop_name_len_ptr(buf));
+	memset(usb_ext_prop_name_ptr(buf), 0, 2 * strlen(name));
+	result = utf8_to_utf16le(name, (__le16 *)usb_ext_prop_name_ptr(buf),
+				 strlen(name));
+	if (result < 0)
+		return result;
+
+	put_unaligned_le16(0, &buf[USB_EXT_PROP_B_PROPERTY_NAME + pnl - 2]);
+
+	return pnl;
+}
+
+static inline void usb_ext_prop_put_binary(u8 *buf, int pnl, const char *data,
+					   int data_len)
+{
+	put_unaligned_le32(data_len, usb_ext_prop_data_len_ptr(buf, pnl));
+	memcpy(usb_ext_prop_data_ptr(buf, pnl), data, data_len);
+}
+
+static inline int usb_ext_prop_put_unicode(u8 *buf, int pnl, const char *string,
+					   int data_len)
+{
+	int result;
+	put_unaligned_le32(data_len, usb_ext_prop_data_len_ptr(buf, pnl));
+	memset(usb_ext_prop_data_ptr(buf, pnl), 0, 2 * (data_len >> 1));
+	result = utf8_to_utf16le(string, (__le16 *) usb_ext_prop_data_ptr(buf, pnl),
+				 data_len >> 1);
+	if (result < 0)
+		return result;
+
+	put_unaligned_le16(0,
+		&buf[USB_EXT_PROP_B_PROPERTY_DATA + pnl + data_len - 2]);
+
+	return data_len;
+}
+
+#endif /* __U_OS_DESC_H__ */
diff --git a/include/linux/usb/composite.h b/include/linux/usb/composite.h
index d4f2a49869..d75a0bc4c4 100644
--- a/include/linux/usb/composite.h
+++ b/include/linux/usb/composite.h
@@ -37,6 +37,53 @@ 
 
 struct usb_configuration;
 
+/**
+ * struct usb_os_desc_ext_prop - describes one "Extended Property"
+ * @entry: used to keep a list of extended properties
+ * @type: Extended Property type
+ * @name_len: Extended Property unicode name length, including terminating '\0'
+ * @name: Extended Property name
+ * @data_len: Length of Extended Property blob (for unicode store double len)
+ * @data: Extended Property blob
+ */
+struct usb_os_desc_ext_prop {
+	struct list_head	entry;
+	u8			type;
+	int			name_len;
+	char			*name;
+	int			data_len;
+	char			*data;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct usb_os_desc - describes OS descriptors associated with one interface
+ * @ext_compat_id: 16 bytes of "Compatible ID" and "Subcompatible ID"
+ * @ext_prop: Extended Properties list
+ * @ext_prop_len: Total length of Extended Properties blobs
+ * @ext_prop_count: Number of Extended Properties
+ */
+struct usb_os_desc {
+	char			*ext_compat_id;
+	struct list_head	ext_prop;
+	int			ext_prop_len;
+	int			ext_prop_count;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct usb_os_desc_table - describes OS descriptors associated with one
+ * interface of a usb_function
+ * @if_id: Interface id
+ * @os_desc: "Extended Compatibility ID" and "Extended Properties" of the
+ *	interface
+ *
+ * Each interface can have at most one "Extended Compatibility ID" and a
+ * number of "Extended Properties".
+ */
+struct usb_os_desc_table {
+	int			if_id;
+	struct usb_os_desc	*os_desc;
+};
+
 /**
  * struct usb_function - describes one function of a configuration
  * @name: For diagnostics, identifies the function.
@@ -50,6 +97,10 @@  struct usb_configuration;
  *	the function will not be available at high speed.
  * @config: assigned when @usb_add_function() is called; this is the
  *	configuration with which this function is associated.
+ * @os_desc_table: Table of (interface id, os descriptors) pairs. The function
+ *	can expose more than one interface. If an interface is a member of
+ *	an IAD, only the first interface of IAD has its entry in the table.
+ * @os_desc_n: Number of entries in os_desc_table
  * @bind: Before the gadget can register, all of its functions bind() to the
  *	available resources including string and interface identifiers used
  *	in interface or class descriptors; endpoints; I/O buffers; and so on.
@@ -98,6 +149,9 @@  struct usb_function {
 
 	struct usb_configuration	*config;
 
+	struct usb_os_desc_table	*os_desc_table;
+	unsigned			os_desc_n;
+
 	/* REVISIT:  bind() functions can be marked __init, which
 	 * makes trouble for section mismatch analysis.  See if
 	 * we can't restructure things to avoid mismatching.
@@ -292,10 +346,12 @@  extern void usb_composite_unregister(struct usb_composite_driver *);
  * @gadget: read-only, abstracts the gadget's usb peripheral controller
  * @req: used for control responses; buffer is pre-allocated
  * @bufsiz: size of buffer pre-allocated in @req
+ * @os_desc_req: used for OS descriptors responses; buffer is pre-allocated
  * @config: the currently active configuration
  * @qw_sign: qwSignature part of the OS string
  * @b_vendor_code: bMS_VendorCode part of the OS string
  * @use_os_string: false by default, interested gadgets set it
+ * @os_desc_config: the configuration to be used with OS descriptors
  *
  * One of these devices is allocated and initialized before the
  * associated device driver's bind() is called.
@@ -332,6 +388,7 @@  struct usb_composite_dev {
 	/* OS String is a custom (yet popular) extension to the USB standard. */
 	u8				qw_sign[OS_STRING_QW_SIGN_LEN];
 	u8				b_vendor_code;
+	struct usb_configuration	*os_desc_config;
 	unsigned int			use_os_string:1;
 
 	/* private: */