diff mbox series

sched: Initialize the idle task with preemption disabled

Message ID 20210512094636.2958515-1-valentin.schneider@arm.com
State Not Applicable
Headers show
Series sched: Initialize the idle task with preemption disabled | expand

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snowpatch_ozlabs/apply_patch success Successfully applied on branch powerpc/merge (fcc98c6d0289241dded10b74f8198fc4ecb22bd1)
snowpatch_ozlabs/build-ppc64le success Build succeeded and removed 6 sparse warnings
snowpatch_ozlabs/build-ppc64be success Build succeeded and removed 6 sparse warnings
snowpatch_ozlabs/build-ppc64e success Build succeeded and removed 6 sparse warnings
snowpatch_ozlabs/build-pmac32 success Build succeeded and removed 6 sparse warnings
snowpatch_ozlabs/checkpatch warning total: 1 errors, 1 warnings, 0 checks, 198 lines checked
snowpatch_ozlabs/needsstable success Patch has no Fixes tags

Commit Message

Valentin Schneider May 12, 2021, 9:46 a.m. UTC
As pointed out by commit

  de9b8f5dcbd9 ("sched: Fix crash trying to dequeue/enqueue the idle thread")

init_idle() can and will be invoked more than once on the same idle
task. At boot time, it is invoked for the boot CPU thread by
sched_init(). Then smp_init() creates the threads for all the secondary
CPUs and invokes init_idle() on them.

As the hotplug machinery brings the secondaries to life, it will issue
calls to idle_thread_get(), which itself invokes init_idle() yet again.
In this case it's invoked twice more per secondary: at _cpu_up(), and at
bringup_cpu().

Given smp_init() already initializes the idle tasks for all *possible*
CPUs, no further initialization should be required. Now, removing
init_idle() from idle_thread_get() exposes some interesting expectations
with regards to the idle task's preempt_count: the secondary startup always
issues a preempt_disable(), requiring some reset of the preempt count to 0
between hot-unplug and hotplug, which is currently served by
idle_thread_get() -> idle_init().

Given the idle task is supposed to have preemption disabled once and never
see it re-enabled, it seems that what we actually want is to initialize its
preempt_count to PREEMPT_DISABLED and leave it there. Do that, and remove
init_idle() from idle_thread_get().

Secondary startups were patched via coccinelle:

  @begone@
  @@

  -preempt_disable();
  ...
  cpu_startup_entry(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE);

Signed-off-by: Valentin Schneider <valentin.schneider@arm.com>
---
 arch/alpha/kernel/smp.c          | 1 -
 arch/arc/kernel/smp.c            | 1 -
 arch/arm/kernel/smp.c            | 1 -
 arch/arm64/include/asm/preempt.h | 2 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c          | 1 -
 arch/csky/kernel/smp.c           | 1 -
 arch/ia64/kernel/smpboot.c       | 1 -
 arch/mips/kernel/smp.c           | 1 -
 arch/openrisc/kernel/smp.c       | 2 --
 arch/parisc/kernel/smp.c         | 1 -
 arch/powerpc/kernel/smp.c        | 1 -
 arch/riscv/kernel/smpboot.c      | 1 -
 arch/s390/include/asm/preempt.h  | 4 ++--
 arch/s390/kernel/smp.c           | 1 -
 arch/sh/kernel/smp.c             | 2 --
 arch/sparc/kernel/smp_32.c       | 1 -
 arch/sparc/kernel/smp_64.c       | 3 ---
 arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h   | 2 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c        | 1 -
 arch/xtensa/kernel/smp.c         | 1 -
 include/asm-generic/preempt.h    | 2 +-
 init/main.c                      | 6 +-----
 kernel/fork.c                    | 2 +-
 kernel/sched/core.c              | 2 +-
 kernel/smpboot.c                 | 1 -
 25 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 34 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/arch/alpha/kernel/smp.c b/arch/alpha/kernel/smp.c
index f4dd9f3f3001..4b2575f936d4 100644
--- a/arch/alpha/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/alpha/kernel/smp.c
@@ -166,7 +166,6 @@  smp_callin(void)
 	DBGS(("smp_callin: commencing CPU %d current %p active_mm %p\n",
 	      cpuid, current, current->active_mm));
 
-	preempt_disable();
 	cpu_startup_entry(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE);
 }
 
diff --git a/arch/arc/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arc/kernel/smp.c
index 52906d314537..db0e104d6835 100644
--- a/arch/arc/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arc/kernel/smp.c
@@ -189,7 +189,6 @@  void start_kernel_secondary(void)
 	pr_info("## CPU%u LIVE ##: Executing Code...\n", cpu);
 
 	local_irq_enable();
-	preempt_disable();
 	cpu_startup_entry(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE);
 }
 
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
index 74679240a9d8..c7bb168b0d97 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
@@ -432,7 +432,6 @@  asmlinkage void secondary_start_kernel(void)
 #endif
 	pr_debug("CPU%u: Booted secondary processor\n", cpu);
 
-	preempt_disable();
 	trace_hardirqs_off();
 
 	/*
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/preempt.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/preempt.h
index 80e946b2abee..e83f0982b99c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/preempt.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/preempt.h
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@  static inline void preempt_count_set(u64 pc)
 } while (0)
 
 #define init_idle_preempt_count(p, cpu) do { \
-	task_thread_info(p)->preempt_count = PREEMPT_ENABLED; \
+	task_thread_info(p)->preempt_count = PREEMPT_DISABLED; \
 } while (0)
 
 static inline void set_preempt_need_resched(void)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
index 357590beaabb..48fd89256739 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
@@ -223,7 +223,6 @@  asmlinkage notrace void secondary_start_kernel(void)
 		init_gic_priority_masking();
 
 	rcu_cpu_starting(cpu);
-	preempt_disable();
 	trace_hardirqs_off();
 
 	/*
diff --git a/arch/csky/kernel/smp.c b/arch/csky/kernel/smp.c
index 0f9f5eef9338..e2993539af8e 100644
--- a/arch/csky/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/csky/kernel/smp.c
@@ -281,7 +281,6 @@  void csky_start_secondary(void)
 	pr_info("CPU%u Online: %s...\n", cpu, __func__);
 
 	local_irq_enable();
-	preempt_disable();
 	cpu_startup_entry(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE);
 }
 
diff --git a/arch/ia64/kernel/smpboot.c b/arch/ia64/kernel/smpboot.c
index 49b488580939..d10f780c13b9 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/kernel/smpboot.c
+++ b/arch/ia64/kernel/smpboot.c
@@ -441,7 +441,6 @@  start_secondary (void *unused)
 #endif
 	efi_map_pal_code();
 	cpu_init();
-	preempt_disable();
 	smp_callin();
 
 	cpu_startup_entry(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE);
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/smp.c b/arch/mips/kernel/smp.c
index ef86fbad8546..d542fb7af3ba 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/smp.c
@@ -348,7 +348,6 @@  asmlinkage void start_secondary(void)
 	 */
 
 	calibrate_delay();
-	preempt_disable();
 	cpu = smp_processor_id();
 	cpu_data[cpu].udelay_val = loops_per_jiffy;
 
diff --git a/arch/openrisc/kernel/smp.c b/arch/openrisc/kernel/smp.c
index 48e1092a64de..415e209732a3 100644
--- a/arch/openrisc/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/openrisc/kernel/smp.c
@@ -145,8 +145,6 @@  asmlinkage __init void secondary_start_kernel(void)
 	set_cpu_online(cpu, true);
 
 	local_irq_enable();
-
-	preempt_disable();
 	/*
 	 * OK, it's off to the idle thread for us
 	 */
diff --git a/arch/parisc/kernel/smp.c b/arch/parisc/kernel/smp.c
index 10227f667c8a..1405b603b91b 100644
--- a/arch/parisc/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/parisc/kernel/smp.c
@@ -302,7 +302,6 @@  void __init smp_callin(unsigned long pdce_proc)
 #endif
 
 	smp_cpu_init(slave_id);
-	preempt_disable();
 
 	flush_cache_all_local(); /* start with known state */
 	flush_tlb_all_local(NULL);
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/smp.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/smp.c
index 5a4d59a1070d..055ca3816eb7 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/smp.c
@@ -1505,7 +1505,6 @@  void start_secondary(void *unused)
 	smp_store_cpu_info(cpu);
 	set_dec(tb_ticks_per_jiffy);
 	rcu_cpu_starting(cpu);
-	preempt_disable();
 	cpu_callin_map[cpu] = 1;
 
 	if (smp_ops->setup_cpu)
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/smpboot.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/smpboot.c
index 5e276c25646f..1941a6ce86a1 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/smpboot.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/smpboot.c
@@ -176,7 +176,6 @@  asmlinkage __visible void smp_callin(void)
 	 * Disable preemption before enabling interrupts, so we don't try to
 	 * schedule a CPU that hasn't actually started yet.
 	 */
-	preempt_disable();
 	local_irq_enable();
 	cpu_startup_entry(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE);
 }
diff --git a/arch/s390/include/asm/preempt.h b/arch/s390/include/asm/preempt.h
index b49e0492842c..23ff51be7e29 100644
--- a/arch/s390/include/asm/preempt.h
+++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/preempt.h
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@  static inline void preempt_count_set(int pc)
 #define init_task_preempt_count(p)	do { } while (0)
 
 #define init_idle_preempt_count(p, cpu)	do { \
-	S390_lowcore.preempt_count = PREEMPT_ENABLED; \
+	S390_lowcore.preempt_count = PREEMPT_DISABLED; \
 } while (0)
 
 static inline void set_preempt_need_resched(void)
@@ -91,7 +91,7 @@  static inline void preempt_count_set(int pc)
 #define init_task_preempt_count(p)	do { } while (0)
 
 #define init_idle_preempt_count(p, cpu)	do { \
-	S390_lowcore.preempt_count = PREEMPT_ENABLED; \
+	S390_lowcore.preempt_count = PREEMPT_DISABLED; \
 } while (0)
 
 static inline void set_preempt_need_resched(void)
diff --git a/arch/s390/kernel/smp.c b/arch/s390/kernel/smp.c
index 58c8afa3da65..d60c7374d807 100644
--- a/arch/s390/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/s390/kernel/smp.c
@@ -877,7 +877,6 @@  static void smp_init_secondary(void)
 	restore_access_regs(S390_lowcore.access_regs_save_area);
 	cpu_init();
 	rcu_cpu_starting(cpu);
-	preempt_disable();
 	init_cpu_timer();
 	vtime_init();
 	vdso_getcpu_init();
diff --git a/arch/sh/kernel/smp.c b/arch/sh/kernel/smp.c
index 372acdc9033e..65924d9ec245 100644
--- a/arch/sh/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/sh/kernel/smp.c
@@ -186,8 +186,6 @@  asmlinkage void start_secondary(void)
 
 	per_cpu_trap_init();
 
-	preempt_disable();
-
 	notify_cpu_starting(cpu);
 
 	local_irq_enable();
diff --git a/arch/sparc/kernel/smp_32.c b/arch/sparc/kernel/smp_32.c
index 50c127ab46d5..22b148e5a5f8 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/kernel/smp_32.c
+++ b/arch/sparc/kernel/smp_32.c
@@ -348,7 +348,6 @@  static void sparc_start_secondary(void *arg)
 	 */
 	arch_cpu_pre_starting(arg);
 
-	preempt_disable();
 	cpu = smp_processor_id();
 
 	notify_cpu_starting(cpu);
diff --git a/arch/sparc/kernel/smp_64.c b/arch/sparc/kernel/smp_64.c
index e38d8bf454e8..ae5faa1d989d 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/kernel/smp_64.c
+++ b/arch/sparc/kernel/smp_64.c
@@ -138,9 +138,6 @@  void smp_callin(void)
 
 	set_cpu_online(cpuid, true);
 
-	/* idle thread is expected to have preempt disabled */
-	preempt_disable();
-
 	local_irq_enable();
 
 	cpu_startup_entry(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE);
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h
index f8cb8af4de5c..fe5efbcba824 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h
@@ -44,7 +44,7 @@  static __always_inline void preempt_count_set(int pc)
 #define init_task_preempt_count(p) do { } while (0)
 
 #define init_idle_preempt_count(p, cpu) do { \
-	per_cpu(__preempt_count, (cpu)) = PREEMPT_ENABLED; \
+	per_cpu(__preempt_count, (cpu)) = PREEMPT_DISABLED; \
 } while (0)
 
 /*
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
index 16703c35a944..29713d0cf155 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
@@ -236,7 +236,6 @@  static void notrace start_secondary(void *unused)
 	cpu_init();
 	rcu_cpu_starting(raw_smp_processor_id());
 	x86_cpuinit.early_percpu_clock_init();
-	preempt_disable();
 	smp_callin();
 
 	enable_start_cpu0 = 0;
diff --git a/arch/xtensa/kernel/smp.c b/arch/xtensa/kernel/smp.c
index cd85a7a2722b..1254da07ead1 100644
--- a/arch/xtensa/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/xtensa/kernel/smp.c
@@ -145,7 +145,6 @@  void secondary_start_kernel(void)
 	cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, mm_cpumask(mm));
 	enter_lazy_tlb(mm, current);
 
-	preempt_disable();
 	trace_hardirqs_off();
 
 	calibrate_delay();
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/preempt.h b/include/asm-generic/preempt.h
index d683f5e6d791..b4d43a4af5f7 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/preempt.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/preempt.h
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@  static __always_inline void preempt_count_set(int pc)
 } while (0)
 
 #define init_idle_preempt_count(p, cpu) do { \
-	task_thread_info(p)->preempt_count = PREEMPT_ENABLED; \
+	task_thread_info(p)->preempt_count = PREEMPT_DISABLED; \
 } while (0)
 
 static __always_inline void set_preempt_need_resched(void)
diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index 53b278845b88..d8580323110e 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -918,11 +918,7 @@  asmlinkage __visible void __init __no_sanitize_address start_kernel(void)
 	 * time - but meanwhile we still have a functioning scheduler.
 	 */
 	sched_init();
-	/*
-	 * Disable preemption - early bootup scheduling is extremely
-	 * fragile until we cpu_idle() for the first time.
-	 */
-	preempt_disable();
+
 	if (WARN(!irqs_disabled(),
 		 "Interrupts were enabled *very* early, fixing it\n"))
 		local_irq_disable();
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index a1a763019bfb..9de7bc40be1d 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -2406,7 +2406,7 @@  static inline void init_idle_pids(struct task_struct *idle)
 	}
 }
 
-struct task_struct *fork_idle(int cpu)
+struct task_struct * __init fork_idle(int cpu)
 {
 	struct task_struct *task;
 	struct kernel_clone_args args = {
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 4a0668acd876..43b903ae823b 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -7433,7 +7433,7 @@  void show_state_filter(unsigned long state_filter)
  * NOTE: this function does not set the idle thread's NEED_RESCHED
  * flag, to make booting more robust.
  */
-void init_idle(struct task_struct *idle, int cpu)
+void __init init_idle(struct task_struct *idle, int cpu)
 {
 	struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
 	unsigned long flags;
diff --git a/kernel/smpboot.c b/kernel/smpboot.c
index f25208e8df83..e4163042c4d6 100644
--- a/kernel/smpboot.c
+++ b/kernel/smpboot.c
@@ -33,7 +33,6 @@  struct task_struct *idle_thread_get(unsigned int cpu)
 
 	if (!tsk)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
-	init_idle(tsk, cpu);
 	return tsk;
 }