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[1/2] i2c: smbus: Improve handling of stuck alerts

Message ID 20220110172857.2980523-2-linux@roeck-us.net
State New
Headers show
Series i2c: smbus: Handle stuck alerts | expand

Commit Message

Guenter Roeck Jan. 10, 2022, 5:28 p.m. UTC
The following messages were observed while testing alert functionality
on systems with multiple I2C devices on a single bus if alert was active
on more than one chip.

smbus_alert 3-000c: SMBALERT# from dev 0x0c, flag 0
smbus_alert 3-000c: no driver alert()!


smbus_alert 3-000c: SMBALERT# from dev 0x28, flag 0

Once it starts, this message repeats forever at high rate. There is no
device at any of the reported addresses.

Analysis shows that this is seen if multiple devices have the alert pin
active. Apparently some devices do not support SMBus arbitration correctly.
They keep sending address bits after detecting an address collision and
handle the collision not at all or too late.
Specifically, address 0x0c is seen with ADT7461A at address 0x4c and
ADM1021 at address 0x18 if alert is active on both chips. Address 0x28 is
seen with ADT7483 at address 0x2a and ADT7461 at address 0x4c if alert is
active on both chips.

Once the system is in bad state (alert is set by more than one chip),
it often only recovers by power cycling.

To reduce the impact of this problem, abort the endless loop in
smbus_alert() if the same address is read more than once and not
handled by a driver.

Fixes: b5527a7766f0 ("i2c: Add SMBus alert support")
Signed-off-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
 drivers/i2c/i2c-smbus.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 24 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
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diff --git a/drivers/i2c/i2c-smbus.c b/drivers/i2c/i2c-smbus.c
index d3d06e3b4f3b..533c885b99ac 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/i2c-smbus.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/i2c-smbus.c
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@  static int smbus_do_alert(struct device *dev, void *addrp)
 	struct i2c_client *client = i2c_verify_client(dev);
 	struct alert_data *data = addrp;
 	struct i2c_driver *driver;
+	int ret;
 	if (!client || client->addr != data->addr)
 		return 0;
@@ -47,16 +48,21 @@  static int smbus_do_alert(struct device *dev, void *addrp)
 	if (client->dev.driver) {
 		driver = to_i2c_driver(client->dev.driver);
-		if (driver->alert)
+		if (driver->alert) {
 			driver->alert(client, data->type, data->data);
-		else
+			ret = -EBUSY;
+		} else {
 			dev_warn(&client->dev, "no driver alert()!\n");
-	} else
+			ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		}
+	} else {
 		dev_dbg(&client->dev, "alert with no driver\n");
+		ret = -ENODEV;
+	}
 	/* Stop iterating after we find the device */
-	return -EBUSY;
+	return ret;
@@ -67,6 +73,7 @@  static irqreturn_t smbus_alert(int irq, void *d)
 	struct i2c_smbus_alert *alert = d;
 	struct i2c_client *ara;
+	unsigned short prev_addr = 0;	/* Not a valid address */
 	ara = alert->ara;
@@ -94,8 +101,19 @@  static irqreturn_t smbus_alert(int irq, void *d)
 			data.addr, data.data);
 		/* Notify driver for the device which issued the alert */
-		device_for_each_child(&ara->adapter->dev, &data,
-				      smbus_do_alert);
+		status = device_for_each_child(&ara->adapter->dev, &data,
+					       smbus_do_alert);
+		/*
+		 * If we read the same address more than once, and the alert
+		 * was not handled by a driver, it won't do any good to repeat
+		 * the loop because it will never terminate.
+		 * Bail out in this case.
+		 * Note: This assumes that a driver with alert handler handles
+		 * the alert properly and clears it if necessary.
+		 */
+		if (data.addr == prev_addr && status != -EBUSY)
+			break;
+		prev_addr = data.addr;
 	return IRQ_HANDLED;