[net-next,v4] net: ipv4: add support for ECMP hash policy choice

Message ID 1489670880-12717-1-git-send-email-nikolay@cumulusnetworks.com
State Accepted
Delegated to: David Miller
Headers show

Commit Message

Nikolay Aleksandrov March 16, 2017, 1:28 p.m.
This patch adds support for ECMP hash policy choice via a new sysctl
called fib_multipath_hash_policy and also adds support for L4 hashes.
The current values for fib_multipath_hash_policy are:
 0 - layer 3 (default)
 1 - layer 4
If there's an skb hash already set and it matches the chosen policy then it
will be used instead of being calculated (currently only for L4).
In L3 mode we always calculate the hash due to the ICMP error special
case, the flow dissector's field consistentification should handle the
address order thus we can remove the address reversals.
If the skb is provided we always use it for the hash calculation,
otherwise we fallback to fl4, that is if skb is NULL fl4 has to be set.

Signed-off-by: Nikolay Aleksandrov <nikolay@cumulusnetworks.com>
---
v4:
 - fix the ICMP send ip_forward case to use the skb_in addresses
 - use hash_keys directly when extracting ICMP headers
 - always use the skb when available

v3:
 - keep the ICMP error special handling and always calc L3 hash

v2:
 - removed the output_key_hash as it's not needed anymore
 - reverted to my original/internal patch with L3 as default hash

 Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt |  8 +++
 include/net/ip_fib.h                   | 14 ++----
 include/net/netns/ipv4.h               |  1 +
 include/net/route.h                    |  6 +--
 net/ipv4/fib_semantics.c               | 11 ++--
 net/ipv4/icmp.c                        | 19 +------
 net/ipv4/route.c                       | 92 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c             |  9 ++++
 8 files changed, 100 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)

Comments

Stephen Hemminger March 16, 2017, 4:41 p.m. | #1
On Thu, 16 Mar 2017 15:28:00 +0200
Nikolay Aleksandrov <nikolay@cumulusnetworks.com> wrote:

> diff --git a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
> index d6880a6149ee..62c4f94923e5 100644
> --- a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
> +++ b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
> @@ -1004,6 +1004,15 @@ static struct ctl_table ipv4_net_table[] = {
>  		.extra1		= &zero,
>  		.extra2		= &one,
>  	},
> +	{
> +		.procname	= "fib_multipath_hash_policy",
> +		.data		= &init_net.ipv4.sysctl_fib_multipath_hash_policy,
> +		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
> +		.mode		= 0644,
> +		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec_minmax,
> +		.extra1		= &zero,
> +		.extra2		= &one,
> +	

Rather than having magic integer values, it would be better to use
strings (like TCP congestion control).  Especially if you want to support
more values in the future.

Also what about IPv6?
Nikolay Aleksandrov March 16, 2017, 4:49 p.m. | #2
On 16/03/17 18:41, Stephen Hemminger wrote:
> On Thu, 16 Mar 2017 15:28:00 +0200
> Nikolay Aleksandrov <nikolay@cumulusnetworks.com> wrote:
> 
>> diff --git a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
>> index d6880a6149ee..62c4f94923e5 100644
>> --- a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
>> +++ b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
>> @@ -1004,6 +1004,15 @@ static struct ctl_table ipv4_net_table[] = {
>>  		.extra1		= &zero,
>>  		.extra2		= &one,
>>  	},
>> +	{
>> +		.procname	= "fib_multipath_hash_policy",
>> +		.data		= &init_net.ipv4.sysctl_fib_multipath_hash_policy,
>> +		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
>> +		.mode		= 0644,
>> +		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec_minmax,
>> +		.extra1		= &zero,
>> +		.extra2		= &one,
>> +	
> 
> Rather than having magic integer values, it would be better to use
> strings (like TCP congestion control).  Especially if you want to support
> more values in the future.

With strings we'll need two sysctls - one to export the available ones, and one to set.
I too am not happy with plain integers as I've said in v1 of this patch but if people
are okay with having two new sysctls exported then I don't mind reworking it with strings.
Or any other ideas are welcome.

> 
> Also what about IPv6?
> 

Patches are welcome, too. :-)
We can update it at any time, IPv4 and 6 have been different for a very long time
and it's not the point of this patch to bring them closer, though IPv6 already
does L4 by default.
Nikolay Aleksandrov March 17, 2017, 10:06 a.m. | #3
On 16/03/17 18:49, Nikolay Aleksandrov wrote:
> On 16/03/17 18:41, Stephen Hemminger wrote:
>> On Thu, 16 Mar 2017 15:28:00 +0200
>> Nikolay Aleksandrov <nikolay@cumulusnetworks.com> wrote:
>>
>>> diff --git a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
>>> index d6880a6149ee..62c4f94923e5 100644
>>> --- a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
>>> +++ b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
>>> @@ -1004,6 +1004,15 @@ static struct ctl_table ipv4_net_table[] = {
>>>  		.extra1		= &zero,
>>>  		.extra2		= &one,
>>>  	},
>>> +	{
>>> +		.procname	= "fib_multipath_hash_policy",
>>> +		.data		= &init_net.ipv4.sysctl_fib_multipath_hash_policy,
>>> +		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
>>> +		.mode		= 0644,
>>> +		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec_minmax,
>>> +		.extra1		= &zero,
>>> +		.extra2		= &one,
>>> +	
>>
>> Rather than having magic integer values, it would be better to use
>> strings (like TCP congestion control).  Especially if you want to support
>> more values in the future.
> 
> With strings we'll need two sysctls - one to export the available ones, and one to set.
> I too am not happy with plain integers as I've said in v1 of this patch but if people
> are okay with having two new sysctls exported then I don't mind reworking it with strings.
> Or any other ideas are welcome.
> 
>>
>> Also what about IPv6?
>>
> 
> Patches are welcome, too. :-)
> We can update it at any time, IPv4 and 6 have been different for a very long time
> and it's not the point of this patch to bring them closer, though IPv6 already
> does L4 by default.

Just to clarify, we're interested in getting IPv4 and 6 on the same level and will
work towards that but let's take it a step at a time.
David Miller March 21, 2017, 10:28 p.m. | #4
From: Nikolay Aleksandrov <nikolay@cumulusnetworks.com>
Date: Thu, 16 Mar 2017 15:28:00 +0200

> This patch adds support for ECMP hash policy choice via a new sysctl
> called fib_multipath_hash_policy and also adds support for L4 hashes.
> The current values for fib_multipath_hash_policy are:
>  0 - layer 3 (default)
>  1 - layer 4
> If there's an skb hash already set and it matches the chosen policy then it
> will be used instead of being calculated (currently only for L4).
> In L3 mode we always calculate the hash due to the ICMP error special
> case, the flow dissector's field consistentification should handle the
> address order thus we can remove the address reversals.
> If the skb is provided we always use it for the hash calculation,
> otherwise we fallback to fl4, that is if skb is NULL fl4 has to be set.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Nikolay Aleksandrov <nikolay@cumulusnetworks.com>

Applied, thanks Nikolay.

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt b/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
index fc73eeb7b3b8..558e19653106 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
+++ b/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
@@ -73,6 +73,14 @@  fib_multipath_use_neigh - BOOLEAN
 	0 - disabled
 	1 - enabled
 
+fib_multipath_hash_policy - INTEGER
+	Controls which hash policy to use for multipath routes. Only valid
+	for kernels built with CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH enabled.
+	Default: 0 (Layer 3)
+	Possible values:
+	0 - Layer 3
+	1 - Layer 4
+
 route/max_size - INTEGER
 	Maximum number of routes allowed in the kernel.  Increase
 	this when using large numbers of interfaces and/or routes.
diff --git a/include/net/ip_fib.h b/include/net/ip_fib.h
index d9cee9659978..706705f7ef23 100644
--- a/include/net/ip_fib.h
+++ b/include/net/ip_fib.h
@@ -383,17 +383,13 @@  int fib_sync_down_dev(struct net_device *dev, unsigned long event, bool force);
 int fib_sync_down_addr(struct net_device *dev, __be32 local);
 int fib_sync_up(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int nh_flags);
 
-extern u32 fib_multipath_secret __read_mostly;
-
-static inline int fib_multipath_hash(__be32 saddr, __be32 daddr)
-{
-	return jhash_2words((__force u32)saddr, (__force u32)daddr,
-			    fib_multipath_secret) >> 1;
-}
-
+#ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH
+int fib_multipath_hash(const struct fib_info *fi, const struct flowi4 *fl4,
+		       const struct sk_buff *skb);
+#endif
 void fib_select_multipath(struct fib_result *res, int hash);
 void fib_select_path(struct net *net, struct fib_result *res,
-		     struct flowi4 *fl4, int mp_hash);
+		     struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct sk_buff *skb);
 
 /* Exported by fib_trie.c */
 void fib_trie_init(void);
diff --git a/include/net/netns/ipv4.h b/include/net/netns/ipv4.h
index 622d2da27135..70a1d4251790 100644
--- a/include/net/netns/ipv4.h
+++ b/include/net/netns/ipv4.h
@@ -152,6 +152,7 @@  struct netns_ipv4 {
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH
 	int sysctl_fib_multipath_use_neigh;
+	int sysctl_fib_multipath_hash_policy;
 #endif
 
 	unsigned int	fib_seq;	/* protected by rtnl_mutex */
diff --git a/include/net/route.h b/include/net/route.h
index c0874c87c173..2cc0e14c6359 100644
--- a/include/net/route.h
+++ b/include/net/route.h
@@ -113,13 +113,13 @@  struct in_device;
 int ip_rt_init(void);
 void rt_cache_flush(struct net *net);
 void rt_flush_dev(struct net_device *dev);
-struct rtable *__ip_route_output_key_hash(struct net *, struct flowi4 *flp,
-					  int mp_hash);
+struct rtable *__ip_route_output_key_hash(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp,
+					  const struct sk_buff *skb);
 
 static inline struct rtable *__ip_route_output_key(struct net *net,
 						   struct flowi4 *flp)
 {
-	return __ip_route_output_key_hash(net, flp, -1);
+	return __ip_route_output_key_hash(net, flp, NULL);
 }
 
 struct rtable *ip_route_output_flow(struct net *, struct flowi4 *flp,
diff --git a/net/ipv4/fib_semantics.c b/net/ipv4/fib_semantics.c
index 317026a39cfa..da449ddb8cc1 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/fib_semantics.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/fib_semantics.c
@@ -57,7 +57,6 @@  static unsigned int fib_info_cnt;
 static struct hlist_head fib_info_devhash[DEVINDEX_HASHSIZE];
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH
-u32 fib_multipath_secret __read_mostly;
 
 #define for_nexthops(fi) {						\
 	int nhsel; const struct fib_nh *nh;				\
@@ -576,9 +575,6 @@  static void fib_rebalance(struct fib_info *fi)
 
 		atomic_set(&nexthop_nh->nh_upper_bound, upper_bound);
 	} endfor_nexthops(fi);
-
-	net_get_random_once(&fib_multipath_secret,
-			    sizeof(fib_multipath_secret));
 }
 
 static inline void fib_add_weight(struct fib_info *fi,
@@ -1641,7 +1637,7 @@  void fib_select_multipath(struct fib_result *res, int hash)
 #endif
 
 void fib_select_path(struct net *net, struct fib_result *res,
-		     struct flowi4 *fl4, int mp_hash)
+		     struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct sk_buff *skb)
 {
 	bool oif_check;
 
@@ -1650,10 +1646,9 @@  void fib_select_path(struct net *net, struct fib_result *res,
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH
 	if (res->fi->fib_nhs > 1 && oif_check) {
-		if (mp_hash < 0)
-			mp_hash = get_hash_from_flowi4(fl4) >> 1;
+		int h = fib_multipath_hash(res->fi, fl4, skb);
 
-		fib_select_multipath(res, mp_hash);
+		fib_select_multipath(res, h);
 	}
 	else
 #endif
diff --git a/net/ipv4/icmp.c b/net/ipv4/icmp.c
index fc310db2708b..43318b5f5647 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/icmp.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/icmp.c
@@ -464,22 +464,6 @@  static void icmp_reply(struct icmp_bxm *icmp_param, struct sk_buff *skb)
 	local_bh_enable();
 }
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH
-
-/* Source and destination is swapped. See ip_multipath_icmp_hash */
-static int icmp_multipath_hash_skb(const struct sk_buff *skb)
-{
-	const struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb);
-
-	return fib_multipath_hash(iph->daddr, iph->saddr);
-}
-
-#else
-
-#define icmp_multipath_hash_skb(skb) (-1)
-
-#endif
-
 static struct rtable *icmp_route_lookup(struct net *net,
 					struct flowi4 *fl4,
 					struct sk_buff *skb_in,
@@ -505,8 +489,7 @@  static struct rtable *icmp_route_lookup(struct net *net,
 	fl4->flowi4_oif = l3mdev_master_ifindex(skb_dst(skb_in)->dev);
 
 	security_skb_classify_flow(skb_in, flowi4_to_flowi(fl4));
-	rt = __ip_route_output_key_hash(net, fl4,
-					icmp_multipath_hash_skb(skb_in));
+	rt = __ip_route_output_key_hash(net, fl4, skb_in);
 	if (IS_ERR(rt))
 		return rt;
 
diff --git a/net/ipv4/route.c b/net/ipv4/route.c
index 8471dd116771..5dda1ef81c7e 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/route.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/route.c
@@ -1734,45 +1734,97 @@  static int __mkroute_input(struct sk_buff *skb,
 }
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH
-
 /* To make ICMP packets follow the right flow, the multipath hash is
- * calculated from the inner IP addresses in reverse order.
+ * calculated from the inner IP addresses.
  */
-static int ip_multipath_icmp_hash(struct sk_buff *skb)
+static void ip_multipath_l3_keys(const struct sk_buff *skb,
+				 struct flow_keys *hash_keys)
 {
 	const struct iphdr *outer_iph = ip_hdr(skb);
-	struct icmphdr _icmph;
+	const struct iphdr *inner_iph;
 	const struct icmphdr *icmph;
 	struct iphdr _inner_iph;
-	const struct iphdr *inner_iph;
+	struct icmphdr _icmph;
+
+	hash_keys->addrs.v4addrs.src = outer_iph->saddr;
+	hash_keys->addrs.v4addrs.dst = outer_iph->daddr;
+	if (likely(outer_iph->protocol != IPPROTO_ICMP))
+		return;
 
 	if (unlikely((outer_iph->frag_off & htons(IP_OFFSET)) != 0))
-		goto standard_hash;
+		return;
 
 	icmph = skb_header_pointer(skb, outer_iph->ihl * 4, sizeof(_icmph),
 				   &_icmph);
 	if (!icmph)
-		goto standard_hash;
+		return;
 
 	if (icmph->type != ICMP_DEST_UNREACH &&
 	    icmph->type != ICMP_REDIRECT &&
 	    icmph->type != ICMP_TIME_EXCEEDED &&
-	    icmph->type != ICMP_PARAMETERPROB) {
-		goto standard_hash;
-	}
+	    icmph->type != ICMP_PARAMETERPROB)
+		return;
 
 	inner_iph = skb_header_pointer(skb,
 				       outer_iph->ihl * 4 + sizeof(_icmph),
 				       sizeof(_inner_iph), &_inner_iph);
 	if (!inner_iph)
-		goto standard_hash;
+		return;
+	hash_keys->addrs.v4addrs.src = inner_iph->saddr;
+	hash_keys->addrs.v4addrs.dst = inner_iph->daddr;
+}
 
-	return fib_multipath_hash(inner_iph->daddr, inner_iph->saddr);
+/* if skb is set it will be used and fl4 can be NULL */
+int fib_multipath_hash(const struct fib_info *fi, const struct flowi4 *fl4,
+		       const struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+	struct net *net = fi->fib_net;
+	struct flow_keys hash_keys;
+	u32 mhash;
 
-standard_hash:
-	return fib_multipath_hash(outer_iph->saddr, outer_iph->daddr);
-}
+	switch (net->ipv4.sysctl_fib_multipath_hash_policy) {
+	case 0:
+		memset(&hash_keys, 0, sizeof(hash_keys));
+		hash_keys.control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS;
+		if (skb) {
+			ip_multipath_l3_keys(skb, &hash_keys);
+		} else {
+			hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.src = fl4->saddr;
+			hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.dst = fl4->daddr;
+		}
+		break;
+	case 1:
+		/* skb is currently provided only when forwarding */
+		if (skb) {
+			unsigned int flag = FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP;
+			struct flow_keys keys;
+
+			/* short-circuit if we already have L4 hash present */
+			if (skb->l4_hash)
+				return skb_get_hash_raw(skb) >> 1;
+			memset(&hash_keys, 0, sizeof(hash_keys));
+			skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys(skb, &keys, flag);
+			hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.src = keys.addrs.v4addrs.src;
+			hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.dst = keys.addrs.v4addrs.dst;
+			hash_keys.ports.src = keys.ports.src;
+			hash_keys.ports.dst = keys.ports.dst;
+			hash_keys.basic.ip_proto = keys.basic.ip_proto;
+		} else {
+			memset(&hash_keys, 0, sizeof(hash_keys));
+			hash_keys.control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS;
+			hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.src = fl4->saddr;
+			hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.dst = fl4->daddr;
+			hash_keys.ports.src = fl4->fl4_sport;
+			hash_keys.ports.dst = fl4->fl4_dport;
+			hash_keys.basic.ip_proto = fl4->flowi4_proto;
+		}
+		break;
+	}
+	mhash = flow_hash_from_keys(&hash_keys);
 
+	return mhash >> 1;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fib_multipath_hash);
 #endif /* CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH */
 
 static int ip_mkroute_input(struct sk_buff *skb,
@@ -1782,12 +1834,8 @@  static int ip_mkroute_input(struct sk_buff *skb,
 {
 #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH
 	if (res->fi && res->fi->fib_nhs > 1) {
-		int h;
+		int h = fib_multipath_hash(res->fi, NULL, skb);
 
-		if (unlikely(ip_hdr(skb)->protocol == IPPROTO_ICMP))
-			h = ip_multipath_icmp_hash(skb);
-		else
-			h = fib_multipath_hash(saddr, daddr);
 		fib_select_multipath(res, h);
 	}
 #endif
@@ -2203,7 +2251,7 @@  static struct rtable *__mkroute_output(const struct fib_result *res,
  */
 
 struct rtable *__ip_route_output_key_hash(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *fl4,
-					  int mp_hash)
+					  const struct sk_buff *skb)
 {
 	struct net_device *dev_out = NULL;
 	__u8 tos = RT_FL_TOS(fl4);
@@ -2365,7 +2413,7 @@  struct rtable *__ip_route_output_key_hash(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *fl4,
 		goto make_route;
 	}
 
-	fib_select_path(net, &res, fl4, mp_hash);
+	fib_select_path(net, &res, fl4, skb);
 
 	dev_out = FIB_RES_DEV(res);
 	fl4->flowi4_oif = dev_out->ifindex;
diff --git a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
index d6880a6149ee..62c4f94923e5 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
@@ -1004,6 +1004,15 @@  static struct ctl_table ipv4_net_table[] = {
 		.extra1		= &zero,
 		.extra2		= &one,
 	},
+	{
+		.procname	= "fib_multipath_hash_policy",
+		.data		= &init_net.ipv4.sysctl_fib_multipath_hash_policy,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec_minmax,
+		.extra1		= &zero,
+		.extra2		= &one,
+	},
 #endif
 	{
 		.procname	= "ip_unprivileged_port_start",