[v4] pci: prevent putting nvidia GPUs into lower device states on certain intel bridges
diff mbox series

Message ID 20191017121901.13699-1-kherbst@redhat.com
State New
Delegated to: Bjorn Helgaas
Headers show
Series
  • [v4] pci: prevent putting nvidia GPUs into lower device states on certain intel bridges
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Commit Message

Karol Herbst Oct. 17, 2019, 12:19 p.m. UTC
Fixes state transitions of Nvidia Pascal GPUs from D3cold into higher device
states.

v2: convert to pci_dev quirk
    put a proper technical explanation of the issue as a in-code comment
v3: disable it only for certain combinations of intel and nvidia hardware
v4: simplify quirk by setting flag on the GPU itself

Signed-off-by: Karol Herbst <kherbst@redhat.com>
Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Cc: Lyude Paul <lyude@redhat.com>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@intel.com>
Cc: linux-pci@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
Cc: dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
Cc: nouveau@lists.freedesktop.org
---
 drivers/pci/pci.c    |  7 ++++++
 drivers/pci/quirks.c | 53 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/pci.h  |  1 +
 3 files changed, 61 insertions(+)

Comments

Karol Herbst Nov. 14, 2019, 7:17 p.m. UTC | #1
ping on the patch.

I wasn't able to verify this issue on any other bridge controller, so
it really might be only this one.

On Thu, Oct 17, 2019 at 2:19 PM Karol Herbst <kherbst@redhat.com> wrote:
>
> Fixes state transitions of Nvidia Pascal GPUs from D3cold into higher device
> states.
>
> v2: convert to pci_dev quirk
>     put a proper technical explanation of the issue as a in-code comment
> v3: disable it only for certain combinations of intel and nvidia hardware
> v4: simplify quirk by setting flag on the GPU itself
>
> Signed-off-by: Karol Herbst <kherbst@redhat.com>
> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
> Cc: Lyude Paul <lyude@redhat.com>
> Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
> Cc: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@intel.com>
> Cc: linux-pci@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
> Cc: nouveau@lists.freedesktop.org
> ---
>  drivers/pci/pci.c    |  7 ++++++
>  drivers/pci/quirks.c | 53 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/pci.h  |  1 +
>  3 files changed, 61 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci.c b/drivers/pci/pci.c
> index b97d9e10c9cc..02e71e0bcdd7 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/pci.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/pci.c
> @@ -850,6 +850,13 @@ static int pci_raw_set_power_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state)
>            || (state == PCI_D2 && !dev->d2_support))
>                 return -EIO;
>
> +       /*
> +        * check if we have a bad combination of bridge controller and nvidia
> +         * GPU, see quirk_broken_nv_runpm for more info
> +        */
> +       if (state != PCI_D0 && dev->broken_nv_runpm)
> +               return 0;
> +
>         pci_read_config_word(dev, dev->pm_cap + PCI_PM_CTRL, &pmcsr);
>
>         /*
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/quirks.c b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> index 44c4ae1abd00..0006c9e37b6f 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> @@ -5268,3 +5268,56 @@ static void quirk_reset_lenovo_thinkpad_p50_nvgpu(struct pci_dev *pdev)
>  DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_CLASS_FINAL(PCI_VENDOR_ID_NVIDIA, 0x13b1,
>                               PCI_CLASS_DISPLAY_VGA, 8,
>                               quirk_reset_lenovo_thinkpad_p50_nvgpu);
> +
> +/*
> + * Some Intel PCIe bridges cause devices to disappear from the PCIe bus after
> + * those were put into D3cold state if they were put into a non D0 PCI PM
> + * device state before doing so.
> + *
> + * This leads to various issue different issues which all manifest differently,
> + * but have the same root cause:
> + *  - AIML code execution hits an infinite loop (as the coe waits on device
> + *    memory to change).
> + *  - kernel crashes, as all pci reads return -1, which most code isn't able
> + *    to handle well enough.
> + *  - sudden shutdowns, as the kernel identified an unrecoverable error after
> + *    userspace tries to access the GPU.
> + *
> + * In all cases dmesg will contain at least one line like this:
> + * 'nouveau 0000:01:00.0: Refused to change power state, currently in D3'
> + * followed by a lot of nouveau timeouts.
> + *
> + * ACPI code writes bit 0x80 to the not documented PCI register 0x248 of the
> + * PCIe bridge controller in order to power down the GPU.
> + * Nonetheless, there are other code paths inside the ACPI firmware which use
> + * other registers, which seem to work fine:
> + *  - 0xbc bit 0x20 (publicly available documentation claims 'reserved')
> + *  - 0xb0 bit 0x10 (link disable)
> + * Changing the conditions inside the firmware by poking into the relevant
> + * addresses does resolve the issue, but it seemed to be ACPI private memory
> + * and not any device accessible memory at all, so there is no portable way of
> + * changing the conditions.
> + *
> + * The only systems where this behavior can be seen are hybrid graphics laptops
> + * with a secondary Nvidia Pascal GPU. It cannot be ruled out that this issue
> + * only occurs in combination with listed Intel PCIe bridge controllers and
> + * the mentioned GPUs or if it's only a hw bug in the bridge controller.
> + *
> + * But because this issue was NOT seen on laptops with an Nvidia Pascal GPU
> + * and an Intel Coffee Lake SoC, there is a higher chance of there being a bug
> + * in the bridge controller rather than in the GPU.
> + *
> + * This issue was not able to be reproduced on non laptop systems.
> + */
> +
> +static void quirk_broken_nv_runpm(struct pci_dev *dev)
> +{
> +       struct pci_dev *bridge = pci_upstream_bridge(dev);
> +
> +       if (bridge->vendor == PCI_VENDOR_ID_INTEL &&
> +           bridge->device == 0x1901)
> +               dev->broken_nv_runpm = 1;
> +}
> +DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_CLASS_FINAL(PCI_VENDOR_ID_NVIDIA, PCI_ANY_ID,
> +                             PCI_BASE_CLASS_DISPLAY, 16,
> +                             quirk_broken_nv_runpm);
> diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
> index ac8a6c4e1792..903a0b3a39ec 100644
> --- a/include/linux/pci.h
> +++ b/include/linux/pci.h
> @@ -416,6 +416,7 @@ struct pci_dev {
>         unsigned int    __aer_firmware_first_valid:1;
>         unsigned int    __aer_firmware_first:1;
>         unsigned int    broken_intx_masking:1;  /* INTx masking can't be used */
> +       unsigned int    broken_nv_runpm:1;      /* some combinations of intel bridge controller and nvidia GPUs break rtd3 */
>         unsigned int    io_window_1k:1;         /* Intel bridge 1K I/O windows */
>         unsigned int    irq_managed:1;
>         unsigned int    has_secondary_link:1;
> --
> 2.21.0
>

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci.c b/drivers/pci/pci.c
index b97d9e10c9cc..02e71e0bcdd7 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci.c
@@ -850,6 +850,13 @@  static int pci_raw_set_power_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state)
 	   || (state == PCI_D2 && !dev->d2_support))
 		return -EIO;
 
+	/*
+	 * check if we have a bad combination of bridge controller and nvidia
+         * GPU, see quirk_broken_nv_runpm for more info
+	 */
+	if (state != PCI_D0 && dev->broken_nv_runpm)
+		return 0;
+
 	pci_read_config_word(dev, dev->pm_cap + PCI_PM_CTRL, &pmcsr);
 
 	/*
diff --git a/drivers/pci/quirks.c b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
index 44c4ae1abd00..0006c9e37b6f 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/quirks.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
@@ -5268,3 +5268,56 @@  static void quirk_reset_lenovo_thinkpad_p50_nvgpu(struct pci_dev *pdev)
 DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_CLASS_FINAL(PCI_VENDOR_ID_NVIDIA, 0x13b1,
 			      PCI_CLASS_DISPLAY_VGA, 8,
 			      quirk_reset_lenovo_thinkpad_p50_nvgpu);
+
+/*
+ * Some Intel PCIe bridges cause devices to disappear from the PCIe bus after
+ * those were put into D3cold state if they were put into a non D0 PCI PM
+ * device state before doing so.
+ *
+ * This leads to various issue different issues which all manifest differently,
+ * but have the same root cause:
+ *  - AIML code execution hits an infinite loop (as the coe waits on device
+ *    memory to change).
+ *  - kernel crashes, as all pci reads return -1, which most code isn't able
+ *    to handle well enough.
+ *  - sudden shutdowns, as the kernel identified an unrecoverable error after
+ *    userspace tries to access the GPU.
+ *
+ * In all cases dmesg will contain at least one line like this:
+ * 'nouveau 0000:01:00.0: Refused to change power state, currently in D3'
+ * followed by a lot of nouveau timeouts.
+ *
+ * ACPI code writes bit 0x80 to the not documented PCI register 0x248 of the
+ * PCIe bridge controller in order to power down the GPU.
+ * Nonetheless, there are other code paths inside the ACPI firmware which use
+ * other registers, which seem to work fine:
+ *  - 0xbc bit 0x20 (publicly available documentation claims 'reserved')
+ *  - 0xb0 bit 0x10 (link disable)
+ * Changing the conditions inside the firmware by poking into the relevant
+ * addresses does resolve the issue, but it seemed to be ACPI private memory
+ * and not any device accessible memory at all, so there is no portable way of
+ * changing the conditions.
+ *
+ * The only systems where this behavior can be seen are hybrid graphics laptops
+ * with a secondary Nvidia Pascal GPU. It cannot be ruled out that this issue
+ * only occurs in combination with listed Intel PCIe bridge controllers and
+ * the mentioned GPUs or if it's only a hw bug in the bridge controller.
+ *
+ * But because this issue was NOT seen on laptops with an Nvidia Pascal GPU
+ * and an Intel Coffee Lake SoC, there is a higher chance of there being a bug
+ * in the bridge controller rather than in the GPU.
+ *
+ * This issue was not able to be reproduced on non laptop systems.
+ */
+
+static void quirk_broken_nv_runpm(struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+	struct pci_dev *bridge = pci_upstream_bridge(dev);
+
+	if (bridge->vendor == PCI_VENDOR_ID_INTEL &&
+	    bridge->device == 0x1901)
+		dev->broken_nv_runpm = 1;
+}
+DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_CLASS_FINAL(PCI_VENDOR_ID_NVIDIA, PCI_ANY_ID,
+			      PCI_BASE_CLASS_DISPLAY, 16,
+			      quirk_broken_nv_runpm);
diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
index ac8a6c4e1792..903a0b3a39ec 100644
--- a/include/linux/pci.h
+++ b/include/linux/pci.h
@@ -416,6 +416,7 @@  struct pci_dev {
 	unsigned int	__aer_firmware_first_valid:1;
 	unsigned int	__aer_firmware_first:1;
 	unsigned int	broken_intx_masking:1;	/* INTx masking can't be used */
+	unsigned int	broken_nv_runpm:1;	/* some combinations of intel bridge controller and nvidia GPUs break rtd3 */
 	unsigned int	io_window_1k:1;		/* Intel bridge 1K I/O windows */
 	unsigned int	irq_managed:1;
 	unsigned int	has_secondary_link:1;