diff mbox series

[SRU,B:linux-azure-4.15,23/40] page_pool: refurbish version of page_pool code

Message ID 20201102124856.4659-24-william.gray@canonical.com
State New
Headers show
Series hv_netvsc: Add XDP support | expand

Commit Message

William Breathitt Gray Nov. 2, 2020, 12:48 p.m. UTC
From: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>

BugLink: https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/1877654

Need a fast page recycle mechanism for ndo_xdp_xmit API for returning
pages on DMA-TX completion time, which have good cross CPU
performance, given DMA-TX completion time can happen on a remote CPU.

Refurbish my page_pool code, that was presented[1] at MM-summit 2016.
Adapted page_pool code to not depend the page allocator and
integration into struct page.  The DMA mapping feature is kept,
even-though it will not be activated/used in this patchset.

[1] http://people.netfilter.org/hawk/presentations/MM-summit2016/generic_page_pool_mm_summit2016.pdf

V2: Adjustments requested by Tariq
 - Changed page_pool_create return codes, don't return NULL, only
   ERR_PTR, as this simplifies err handling in drivers.

V4: many small improvements and cleanups
- Add DOC comment section, that can be used by kernel-doc
- Improve fallback mode, to work better with refcnt based recycling
  e.g. remove a WARN as pointed out by Tariq
  e.g. quicker fallback if ptr_ring is empty.

V5: Fixed SPDX license as pointed out by Alexei

V6: Adjustments requested by Eric Dumazet
 - Adjust ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp usage/placement
 - Move rcu_head in struct page_pool
 - Free pages quicker on destroy, minimize resources delayed an RCU period
 - Remove code for forward/backward compat ABI interface

V8: Issues found by kbuild test robot
 - Address sparse should be static warnings
 - Only compile+link when a driver use/select page_pool,
   mlx5 selects CONFIG_PAGE_POOL, although its first used in two patches

Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
(cherry picked from commit ff7d6b27f894f1469dc51ccb828b7363ccd9799f)
Signed-off-by: William Breathitt Gray <william.gray@canonical.com>
---
 .../net/ethernet/mellanox/mlx5/core/Kconfig   |   1 +
 include/net/page_pool.h                       | 129 +++++++
 net/Kconfig                                   |   3 +
 net/core/Makefile                             |   1 +
 net/core/page_pool.c                          | 317 ++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 451 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 include/net/page_pool.h
 create mode 100644 net/core/page_pool.c
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/mellanox/mlx5/core/Kconfig b/drivers/net/ethernet/mellanox/mlx5/core/Kconfig
index c032319f1cb9..12257034131e 100644
--- a/drivers/net/ethernet/mellanox/mlx5/core/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/mellanox/mlx5/core/Kconfig
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@  config MLX5_CORE_EN
 	bool "Mellanox Technologies ConnectX-4 Ethernet support"
 	depends on NETDEVICES && ETHERNET && INET && PCI && MLX5_CORE
 	depends on IPV6=y || IPV6=n || MLX5_CORE=m
+	select PAGE_POOL
 	default n
 	---help---
 	  Ethernet support in Mellanox Technologies ConnectX-4 NIC.
diff --git a/include/net/page_pool.h b/include/net/page_pool.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1fe77db59518
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/net/page_pool.h
@@ -0,0 +1,129 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+ *
+ * page_pool.h
+ *	Author:	Jesper Dangaard Brouer <netoptimizer@brouer.com>
+ *	Copyright (C) 2016 Red Hat, Inc.
+ */
+
+/**
+ * DOC: page_pool allocator
+ *
+ * This page_pool allocator is optimized for the XDP mode that
+ * uses one-frame-per-page, but have fallbacks that act like the
+ * regular page allocator APIs.
+ *
+ * Basic use involve replacing alloc_pages() calls with the
+ * page_pool_alloc_pages() call.  Drivers should likely use
+ * page_pool_dev_alloc_pages() replacing dev_alloc_pages().
+ *
+ * If page_pool handles DMA mapping (use page->private), then API user
+ * is responsible for invoking page_pool_put_page() once.  In-case of
+ * elevated refcnt, the DMA state is released, assuming other users of
+ * the page will eventually call put_page().
+ *
+ * If no DMA mapping is done, then it can act as shim-layer that
+ * fall-through to alloc_page.  As no state is kept on the page, the
+ * regular put_page() call is sufficient.
+ */
+#ifndef _NET_PAGE_POOL_H
+#define _NET_PAGE_POOL_H
+
+#include <linux/mm.h> /* Needed by ptr_ring */
+#include <linux/ptr_ring.h>
+#include <linux/dma-direction.h>
+
+#define PP_FLAG_DMA_MAP 1 /* Should page_pool do the DMA map/unmap */
+#define PP_FLAG_ALL	PP_FLAG_DMA_MAP
+
+/*
+ * Fast allocation side cache array/stack
+ *
+ * The cache size and refill watermark is related to the network
+ * use-case.  The NAPI budget is 64 packets.  After a NAPI poll the RX
+ * ring is usually refilled and the max consumed elements will be 64,
+ * thus a natural max size of objects needed in the cache.
+ *
+ * Keeping room for more objects, is due to XDP_DROP use-case.  As
+ * XDP_DROP allows the opportunity to recycle objects directly into
+ * this array, as it shares the same softirq/NAPI protection.  If
+ * cache is already full (or partly full) then the XDP_DROP recycles
+ * would have to take a slower code path.
+ */
+#define PP_ALLOC_CACHE_SIZE	128
+#define PP_ALLOC_CACHE_REFILL	64
+struct pp_alloc_cache {
+	u32 count;
+	void *cache[PP_ALLOC_CACHE_SIZE];
+};
+
+struct page_pool_params {
+	unsigned int	flags;
+	unsigned int	order;
+	unsigned int	pool_size;
+	int		nid;  /* Numa node id to allocate from pages from */
+	struct device	*dev; /* device, for DMA pre-mapping purposes */
+	enum dma_data_direction dma_dir; /* DMA mapping direction */
+};
+
+struct page_pool {
+	struct rcu_head rcu;
+	struct page_pool_params p;
+
+	/*
+	 * Data structure for allocation side
+	 *
+	 * Drivers allocation side usually already perform some kind
+	 * of resource protection.  Piggyback on this protection, and
+	 * require driver to protect allocation side.
+	 *
+	 * For NIC drivers this means, allocate a page_pool per
+	 * RX-queue. As the RX-queue is already protected by
+	 * Softirq/BH scheduling and napi_schedule. NAPI schedule
+	 * guarantee that a single napi_struct will only be scheduled
+	 * on a single CPU (see napi_schedule).
+	 */
+	struct pp_alloc_cache alloc ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
+
+	/* Data structure for storing recycled pages.
+	 *
+	 * Returning/freeing pages is more complicated synchronization
+	 * wise, because free's can happen on remote CPUs, with no
+	 * association with allocation resource.
+	 *
+	 * Use ptr_ring, as it separates consumer and producer
+	 * effeciently, it a way that doesn't bounce cache-lines.
+	 *
+	 * TODO: Implement bulk return pages into this structure.
+	 */
+	struct ptr_ring ring;
+};
+
+struct page *page_pool_alloc_pages(struct page_pool *pool, gfp_t gfp);
+
+static inline struct page *page_pool_dev_alloc_pages(struct page_pool *pool)
+{
+	gfp_t gfp = (GFP_ATOMIC | __GFP_NOWARN);
+
+	return page_pool_alloc_pages(pool, gfp);
+}
+
+struct page_pool *page_pool_create(const struct page_pool_params *params);
+
+void page_pool_destroy(struct page_pool *pool);
+
+/* Never call this directly, use helpers below */
+void __page_pool_put_page(struct page_pool *pool,
+			  struct page *page, bool allow_direct);
+
+static inline void page_pool_put_page(struct page_pool *pool, struct page *page)
+{
+	__page_pool_put_page(pool, page, false);
+}
+/* Very limited use-cases allow recycle direct */
+static inline void page_pool_recycle_direct(struct page_pool *pool,
+					    struct page *page)
+{
+	__page_pool_put_page(pool, page, true);
+}
+
+#endif /* _NET_PAGE_POOL_H */
diff --git a/net/Kconfig b/net/Kconfig
index 9dba2715919d..64ba53faa206 100644
--- a/net/Kconfig
+++ b/net/Kconfig
@@ -440,6 +440,9 @@  config MAY_USE_DEVLINK
 	  on MAY_USE_DEVLINK to ensure they do not cause link errors when
 	  devlink is a loadable module and the driver using it is built-in.
 
+config PAGE_POOL
+       bool
+
 endif   # if NET
 
 # Used by archs to tell that they support BPF JIT compiler plus which flavour.
diff --git a/net/core/Makefile b/net/core/Makefile
index 6dbbba8c57ae..7080417f8bc8 100644
--- a/net/core/Makefile
+++ b/net/core/Makefile
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@  obj-y		     += dev.o ethtool.o dev_addr_lists.o dst.o netevent.o \
 			fib_notifier.o xdp.o
 
 obj-y += net-sysfs.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_POOL) += page_pool.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PROC_FS) += net-procfs.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_NET_PKTGEN) += pktgen.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_NETPOLL) += netpoll.o
diff --git a/net/core/page_pool.c b/net/core/page_pool.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..68bf07206744
--- /dev/null
+++ b/net/core/page_pool.c
@@ -0,0 +1,317 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+ *
+ * page_pool.c
+ *	Author:	Jesper Dangaard Brouer <netoptimizer@brouer.com>
+ *	Copyright (C) 2016 Red Hat, Inc.
+ */
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+#include <net/page_pool.h>
+#include <linux/dma-direction.h>
+#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
+#include <linux/page-flags.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h> /* for __put_page() */
+
+static int page_pool_init(struct page_pool *pool,
+			  const struct page_pool_params *params)
+{
+	unsigned int ring_qsize = 1024; /* Default */
+
+	memcpy(&pool->p, params, sizeof(pool->p));
+
+	/* Validate only known flags were used */
+	if (pool->p.flags & ~(PP_FLAG_ALL))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (pool->p.pool_size)
+		ring_qsize = pool->p.pool_size;
+
+	/* Sanity limit mem that can be pinned down */
+	if (ring_qsize > 32768)
+		return -E2BIG;
+
+	/* DMA direction is either DMA_FROM_DEVICE or DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL.
+	 * DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL is for allowing page used for DMA sending,
+	 * which is the XDP_TX use-case.
+	 */
+	if ((pool->p.dma_dir != DMA_FROM_DEVICE) &&
+	    (pool->p.dma_dir != DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (ptr_ring_init(&pool->ring, ring_qsize, GFP_KERNEL) < 0)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+struct page_pool *page_pool_create(const struct page_pool_params *params)
+{
+	struct page_pool *pool;
+	int err = 0;
+
+	pool = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*pool), GFP_KERNEL, params->nid);
+	if (!pool)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	err = page_pool_init(pool, params);
+	if (err < 0) {
+		pr_warn("%s() gave up with errno %d\n", __func__, err);
+		kfree(pool);
+		return ERR_PTR(err);
+	}
+	return pool;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_pool_create);
+
+/* fast path */
+static struct page *__page_pool_get_cached(struct page_pool *pool)
+{
+	struct ptr_ring *r = &pool->ring;
+	struct page *page;
+
+	/* Quicker fallback, avoid locks when ring is empty */
+	if (__ptr_ring_empty(r))
+		return NULL;
+
+	/* Test for safe-context, caller should provide this guarantee */
+	if (likely(in_serving_softirq())) {
+		if (likely(pool->alloc.count)) {
+			/* Fast-path */
+			page = pool->alloc.cache[--pool->alloc.count];
+			return page;
+		}
+		/* Slower-path: Alloc array empty, time to refill
+		 *
+		 * Open-coded bulk ptr_ring consumer.
+		 *
+		 * Discussion: the ring consumer lock is not really
+		 * needed due to the softirq/NAPI protection, but
+		 * later need the ability to reclaim pages on the
+		 * ring. Thus, keeping the locks.
+		 */
+		spin_lock(&r->consumer_lock);
+		while ((page = __ptr_ring_consume(r))) {
+			if (pool->alloc.count == PP_ALLOC_CACHE_REFILL)
+				break;
+			pool->alloc.cache[pool->alloc.count++] = page;
+		}
+		spin_unlock(&r->consumer_lock);
+		return page;
+	}
+
+	/* Slow-path: Get page from locked ring queue */
+	page = ptr_ring_consume(&pool->ring);
+	return page;
+}
+
+/* slow path */
+noinline
+static struct page *__page_pool_alloc_pages_slow(struct page_pool *pool,
+						 gfp_t _gfp)
+{
+	struct page *page;
+	gfp_t gfp = _gfp;
+	dma_addr_t dma;
+
+	/* We could always set __GFP_COMP, and avoid this branch, as
+	 * prep_new_page() can handle order-0 with __GFP_COMP.
+	 */
+	if (pool->p.order)
+		gfp |= __GFP_COMP;
+
+	/* FUTURE development:
+	 *
+	 * Current slow-path essentially falls back to single page
+	 * allocations, which doesn't improve performance.  This code
+	 * need bulk allocation support from the page allocator code.
+	 */
+
+	/* Cache was empty, do real allocation */
+	page = alloc_pages_node(pool->p.nid, gfp, pool->p.order);
+	if (!page)
+		return NULL;
+
+	if (!(pool->p.flags & PP_FLAG_DMA_MAP))
+		goto skip_dma_map;
+
+	/* Setup DMA mapping: use page->private for DMA-addr
+	 * This mapping is kept for lifetime of page, until leaving pool.
+	 */
+	dma = dma_map_page(pool->p.dev, page, 0,
+			   (PAGE_SIZE << pool->p.order),
+			   pool->p.dma_dir);
+	if (dma_mapping_error(pool->p.dev, dma)) {
+		put_page(page);
+		return NULL;
+	}
+	set_page_private(page, dma); /* page->private = dma; */
+
+skip_dma_map:
+	/* When page just alloc'ed is should/must have refcnt 1. */
+	return page;
+}
+
+/* For using page_pool replace: alloc_pages() API calls, but provide
+ * synchronization guarantee for allocation side.
+ */
+struct page *page_pool_alloc_pages(struct page_pool *pool, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+	struct page *page;
+
+	/* Fast-path: Get a page from cache */
+	page = __page_pool_get_cached(pool);
+	if (page)
+		return page;
+
+	/* Slow-path: cache empty, do real allocation */
+	page = __page_pool_alloc_pages_slow(pool, gfp);
+	return page;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_pool_alloc_pages);
+
+/* Cleanup page_pool state from page */
+static void __page_pool_clean_page(struct page_pool *pool,
+				   struct page *page)
+{
+	if (!(pool->p.flags & PP_FLAG_DMA_MAP))
+		return;
+
+	/* DMA unmap */
+	dma_unmap_page(pool->p.dev, page_private(page),
+		       PAGE_SIZE << pool->p.order, pool->p.dma_dir);
+	set_page_private(page, 0);
+}
+
+/* Return a page to the page allocator, cleaning up our state */
+static void __page_pool_return_page(struct page_pool *pool, struct page *page)
+{
+	__page_pool_clean_page(pool, page);
+	put_page(page);
+	/* An optimization would be to call __free_pages(page, pool->p.order)
+	 * knowing page is not part of page-cache (thus avoiding a
+	 * __page_cache_release() call).
+	 */
+}
+
+static bool __page_pool_recycle_into_ring(struct page_pool *pool,
+				   struct page *page)
+{
+	int ret;
+	/* BH protection not needed if current is serving softirq */
+	if (in_serving_softirq())
+		ret = ptr_ring_produce(&pool->ring, page);
+	else
+		ret = ptr_ring_produce_bh(&pool->ring, page);
+
+	return (ret == 0) ? true : false;
+}
+
+/* Only allow direct recycling in special circumstances, into the
+ * alloc side cache.  E.g. during RX-NAPI processing for XDP_DROP use-case.
+ *
+ * Caller must provide appropriate safe context.
+ */
+static bool __page_pool_recycle_direct(struct page *page,
+				       struct page_pool *pool)
+{
+	if (unlikely(pool->alloc.count == PP_ALLOC_CACHE_SIZE))
+		return false;
+
+	/* Caller MUST have verified/know (page_ref_count(page) == 1) */
+	pool->alloc.cache[pool->alloc.count++] = page;
+	return true;
+}
+
+void __page_pool_put_page(struct page_pool *pool,
+			  struct page *page, bool allow_direct)
+{
+	/* This allocator is optimized for the XDP mode that uses
+	 * one-frame-per-page, but have fallbacks that act like the
+	 * regular page allocator APIs.
+	 *
+	 * refcnt == 1 means page_pool owns page, and can recycle it.
+	 */
+	if (likely(page_ref_count(page) == 1)) {
+		/* Read barrier done in page_ref_count / READ_ONCE */
+
+		if (allow_direct && in_serving_softirq())
+			if (__page_pool_recycle_direct(page, pool))
+				return;
+
+		if (!__page_pool_recycle_into_ring(pool, page)) {
+			/* Cache full, fallback to free pages */
+			__page_pool_return_page(pool, page);
+		}
+		return;
+	}
+	/* Fallback/non-XDP mode: API user have elevated refcnt.
+	 *
+	 * Many drivers split up the page into fragments, and some
+	 * want to keep doing this to save memory and do refcnt based
+	 * recycling. Support this use case too, to ease drivers
+	 * switching between XDP/non-XDP.
+	 *
+	 * In-case page_pool maintains the DMA mapping, API user must
+	 * call page_pool_put_page once.  In this elevated refcnt
+	 * case, the DMA is unmapped/released, as driver is likely
+	 * doing refcnt based recycle tricks, meaning another process
+	 * will be invoking put_page.
+	 */
+	__page_pool_clean_page(pool, page);
+	put_page(page);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__page_pool_put_page);
+
+static void __page_pool_empty_ring(struct page_pool *pool)
+{
+	struct page *page;
+
+	/* Empty recycle ring */
+	while ((page = ptr_ring_consume(&pool->ring))) {
+		/* Verify the refcnt invariant of cached pages */
+		if (!(page_ref_count(page) == 1))
+			pr_crit("%s() page_pool refcnt %d violation\n",
+				__func__, page_ref_count(page));
+
+		__page_pool_return_page(pool, page);
+	}
+}
+
+static void __page_pool_destroy_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu)
+{
+	struct page_pool *pool;
+
+	pool = container_of(rcu, struct page_pool, rcu);
+
+	WARN(pool->alloc.count, "API usage violation");
+
+	__page_pool_empty_ring(pool);
+	ptr_ring_cleanup(&pool->ring, NULL);
+	kfree(pool);
+}
+
+/* Cleanup and release resources */
+void page_pool_destroy(struct page_pool *pool)
+{
+	struct page *page;
+
+	/* Empty alloc cache, assume caller made sure this is
+	 * no-longer in use, and page_pool_alloc_pages() cannot be
+	 * call concurrently.
+	 */
+	while (pool->alloc.count) {
+		page = pool->alloc.cache[--pool->alloc.count];
+		__page_pool_return_page(pool, page);
+	}
+
+	/* No more consumers should exist, but producers could still
+	 * be in-flight.
+	 */
+	__page_pool_empty_ring(pool);
+
+	/* An xdp_mem_allocator can still ref page_pool pointer */
+	call_rcu(&pool->rcu, __page_pool_destroy_rcu);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_pool_destroy);