diff mbox series

[PULL,21/32] hw/char: avr: Add limited support for USART peripheral

Message ID 20200707181710.30950-22-f4bug@amsat.org
State New
Headers show
Series [PULL,01/32] target/avr: Add basic parameters of the new platform | expand

Commit Message

Philippe Mathieu-Daudé July 7, 2020, 6:16 p.m. UTC
From: Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com>

These were designed to facilitate testing but should provide enough
function to be useful in other contexts.  Only a subset of the functions
of each peripheral is implemented, mainly due to the lack of a standard
way to handle electrical connections (like GPIO pins).

[AM: Remove word 'Atmel' from filenames and all elements of code]
Suggested-by: Aleksandar Markovic <aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Sarah Harris <S.E.Harris@kent.ac.uk>
Signed-off-by: Philippe Mathieu-Daudé <f4bug@amsat.org>
[rth: Squash I/O size fix and file rename from f4bug]
Signed-off-by: Richard Henderson <richard.henderson@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Aleksandar Markovic <aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Aleksandar Markovic <aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Huth <huth@tuxfamily.org>
Message-Id: <20200705140315.260514-20-huth@tuxfamily.org>
---
 include/hw/char/avr_usart.h |  93 +++++++++++
 hw/char/avr_usart.c         | 320 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 MAINTAINERS                 |   2 +
 hw/char/Kconfig             |   3 +
 hw/char/Makefile.objs       |   1 +
 5 files changed, 419 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 include/hw/char/avr_usart.h
 create mode 100644 hw/char/avr_usart.c
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/include/hw/char/avr_usart.h b/include/hw/char/avr_usart.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..5739aaf26f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/hw/char/avr_usart.h
@@ -0,0 +1,93 @@ 
+/*
+ * AVR USART
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2018 University of Kent
+ * Author: Sarah Harris
+ *
+ * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+ * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+ * Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License along with this library; if not, see
+ * <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl-2.1.html>
+ */
+
+#ifndef HW_CHAR_AVR_USART_H
+#define HW_CHAR_AVR_USART_H
+
+#include "hw/sysbus.h"
+#include "chardev/char-fe.h"
+#include "hw/hw.h"
+
+/* Offsets of registers. */
+#define USART_DR   0x06
+#define USART_CSRA  0x00
+#define USART_CSRB  0x01
+#define USART_CSRC  0x02
+#define USART_BRRH 0x05
+#define USART_BRRL 0x04
+
+/* Relevant bits in regiters. */
+#define USART_CSRA_RXC    (1 << 7)
+#define USART_CSRA_TXC    (1 << 6)
+#define USART_CSRA_DRE    (1 << 5)
+#define USART_CSRA_MPCM   (1 << 0)
+
+#define USART_CSRB_RXCIE  (1 << 7)
+#define USART_CSRB_TXCIE  (1 << 6)
+#define USART_CSRB_DREIE  (1 << 5)
+#define USART_CSRB_RXEN   (1 << 4)
+#define USART_CSRB_TXEN   (1 << 3)
+#define USART_CSRB_CSZ2   (1 << 2)
+#define USART_CSRB_RXB8   (1 << 1)
+#define USART_CSRB_TXB8   (1 << 0)
+
+#define USART_CSRC_MSEL1  (1 << 7)
+#define USART_CSRC_MSEL0  (1 << 6)
+#define USART_CSRC_PM1    (1 << 5)
+#define USART_CSRC_PM0    (1 << 4)
+#define USART_CSRC_CSZ1   (1 << 2)
+#define USART_CSRC_CSZ0   (1 << 1)
+
+#define TYPE_AVR_USART "avr-usart"
+#define AVR_USART(obj) \
+    OBJECT_CHECK(AVRUsartState, (obj), TYPE_AVR_USART)
+
+typedef struct {
+    /* <private> */
+    SysBusDevice parent_obj;
+
+    /* <public> */
+    MemoryRegion mmio;
+
+    CharBackend chr;
+
+    bool enabled;
+
+    uint8_t data;
+    bool data_valid;
+    uint8_t char_mask;
+    /* Control and Status Registers */
+    uint8_t csra;
+    uint8_t csrb;
+    uint8_t csrc;
+    /* Baud Rate Registers (low/high byte) */
+    uint8_t brrh;
+    uint8_t brrl;
+
+    /* Receive Complete */
+    qemu_irq rxc_irq;
+    /* Transmit Complete */
+    qemu_irq txc_irq;
+    /* Data Register Empty */
+    qemu_irq dre_irq;
+} AVRUsartState;
+
+#endif /* HW_CHAR_AVR_USART_H */
diff --git a/hw/char/avr_usart.c b/hw/char/avr_usart.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..fbe2a112b7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/char/avr_usart.c
@@ -0,0 +1,320 @@ 
+/*
+ * AVR USART
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2018 University of Kent
+ * Author: Sarah Harris
+ *
+ * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+ * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+ * Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License along with this library; if not, see
+ * <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl-2.1.html>
+ */
+
+#include "qemu/osdep.h"
+#include "hw/char/avr_usart.h"
+#include "qemu/log.h"
+#include "hw/irq.h"
+#include "hw/qdev-properties.h"
+
+static int avr_usart_can_receive(void *opaque)
+{
+    AVRUsartState *usart = opaque;
+
+    if (usart->data_valid || !(usart->csrb & USART_CSRB_RXEN)) {
+        return 0;
+    }
+    return 1;
+}
+
+static void avr_usart_receive(void *opaque, const uint8_t *buffer, int size)
+{
+    AVRUsartState *usart = opaque;
+    assert(size == 1);
+    assert(!usart->data_valid);
+    usart->data = buffer[0];
+    usart->data_valid = true;
+    usart->csra |= USART_CSRA_RXC;
+    if (usart->csrb & USART_CSRB_RXCIE) {
+        qemu_set_irq(usart->rxc_irq, 1);
+    }
+}
+
+static void update_char_mask(AVRUsartState *usart)
+{
+    uint8_t mode = ((usart->csrc & USART_CSRC_CSZ0) ? 1 : 0) |
+        ((usart->csrc & USART_CSRC_CSZ1) ? 2 : 0) |
+        ((usart->csrb & USART_CSRB_CSZ2) ? 4 : 0);
+    switch (mode) {
+    case 0:
+        usart->char_mask = 0b11111;
+        break;
+    case 1:
+        usart->char_mask = 0b111111;
+        break;
+    case 2:
+        usart->char_mask = 0b1111111;
+        break;
+    case 3:
+        usart->char_mask = 0b11111111;
+        break;
+    case 4:
+        /* Fallthrough. */
+    case 5:
+        /* Fallthrough. */
+    case 6:
+        qemu_log_mask(
+            LOG_GUEST_ERROR,
+            "%s: Reserved character size 0x%x\n",
+            __func__,
+            mode);
+        break;
+    case 7:
+        qemu_log_mask(
+            LOG_GUEST_ERROR,
+            "%s: Nine bit character size not supported (forcing eight)\n",
+            __func__);
+        usart->char_mask = 0b11111111;
+        break;
+    default:
+        assert(0);
+    }
+}
+
+static void avr_usart_reset(DeviceState *dev)
+{
+    AVRUsartState *usart = AVR_USART(dev);
+    usart->data_valid = false;
+    usart->csra = 0b00100000;
+    usart->csrb = 0b00000000;
+    usart->csrc = 0b00000110;
+    usart->brrl = 0;
+    usart->brrh = 0;
+    update_char_mask(usart);
+    qemu_set_irq(usart->rxc_irq, 0);
+    qemu_set_irq(usart->txc_irq, 0);
+    qemu_set_irq(usart->dre_irq, 0);
+}
+
+static uint64_t avr_usart_read(void *opaque, hwaddr addr, unsigned int size)
+{
+    AVRUsartState *usart = opaque;
+    uint8_t data;
+    assert(size == 1);
+
+    if (!usart->enabled) {
+        return 0;
+    }
+
+    switch (addr) {
+    case USART_DR:
+        if (!(usart->csrb & USART_CSRB_RXEN)) {
+            /* Receiver disabled, ignore. */
+            return 0;
+        }
+        if (usart->data_valid) {
+            data = usart->data & usart->char_mask;
+            usart->data_valid = false;
+        } else {
+            data = 0;
+        }
+        usart->csra &= 0xff ^ USART_CSRA_RXC;
+        qemu_set_irq(usart->rxc_irq, 0);
+        qemu_chr_fe_accept_input(&usart->chr);
+        return data;
+    case USART_CSRA:
+        return usart->csra;
+    case USART_CSRB:
+        return usart->csrb;
+    case USART_CSRC:
+        return usart->csrc;
+    case USART_BRRL:
+        return usart->brrl;
+    case USART_BRRH:
+        return usart->brrh;
+    default:
+        qemu_log_mask(
+            LOG_GUEST_ERROR,
+            "%s: Bad offset 0x%"HWADDR_PRIx"\n",
+            __func__,
+            addr);
+    }
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static void avr_usart_write(void *opaque, hwaddr addr, uint64_t value,
+                                unsigned int size)
+{
+    AVRUsartState *usart = opaque;
+    uint8_t mask;
+    uint8_t data;
+    assert((value & 0xff) == value);
+    assert(size == 1);
+
+    if (!usart->enabled) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    switch (addr) {
+    case USART_DR:
+        if (!(usart->csrb & USART_CSRB_TXEN)) {
+            /* Transmitter disabled, ignore. */
+            return;
+        }
+        usart->csra |= USART_CSRA_TXC;
+        usart->csra |= USART_CSRA_DRE;
+        if (usart->csrb & USART_CSRB_TXCIE) {
+            qemu_set_irq(usart->txc_irq, 1);
+            usart->csra &= 0xff ^ USART_CSRA_TXC;
+        }
+        if (usart->csrb & USART_CSRB_DREIE) {
+            qemu_set_irq(usart->dre_irq, 1);
+        }
+        data = value;
+        qemu_chr_fe_write_all(&usart->chr, &data, 1);
+        break;
+    case USART_CSRA:
+        mask = 0b01000011;
+        /* Mask read-only bits. */
+        value = (value & mask) | (usart->csra & (0xff ^ mask));
+        usart->csra = value;
+        if (value & USART_CSRA_TXC) {
+            usart->csra ^= USART_CSRA_TXC;
+            qemu_set_irq(usart->txc_irq, 0);
+        }
+        if (value & USART_CSRA_MPCM) {
+            qemu_log_mask(
+                LOG_GUEST_ERROR,
+                "%s: MPCM not supported by USART\n",
+                __func__);
+        }
+        break;
+    case USART_CSRB:
+        mask = 0b11111101;
+        /* Mask read-only bits. */
+        value = (value & mask) | (usart->csrb & (0xff ^ mask));
+        usart->csrb = value;
+        if (!(value & USART_CSRB_RXEN)) {
+            /* Receiver disabled, flush input buffer. */
+            usart->data_valid = false;
+        }
+        qemu_set_irq(usart->rxc_irq,
+            ((value & USART_CSRB_RXCIE) &&
+            (usart->csra & USART_CSRA_RXC)) ? 1 : 0);
+        qemu_set_irq(usart->txc_irq,
+            ((value & USART_CSRB_TXCIE) &&
+            (usart->csra & USART_CSRA_TXC)) ? 1 : 0);
+        qemu_set_irq(usart->dre_irq,
+            ((value & USART_CSRB_DREIE) &&
+            (usart->csra & USART_CSRA_DRE)) ? 1 : 0);
+        update_char_mask(usart);
+        break;
+    case USART_CSRC:
+        usart->csrc = value;
+        if ((value & USART_CSRC_MSEL1) && (value & USART_CSRC_MSEL0)) {
+            qemu_log_mask(
+                LOG_GUEST_ERROR,
+                "%s: SPI mode not supported by USART\n",
+                __func__);
+        }
+        if ((value & USART_CSRC_MSEL1) && !(value & USART_CSRC_MSEL0)) {
+            qemu_log_mask(LOG_GUEST_ERROR, "%s: Bad USART mode\n", __func__);
+        }
+        if (!(value & USART_CSRC_PM1) && (value & USART_CSRC_PM0)) {
+            qemu_log_mask(
+                LOG_GUEST_ERROR,
+                "%s: Bad USART parity mode\n",
+                __func__);
+        }
+        update_char_mask(usart);
+        break;
+    case USART_BRRL:
+        usart->brrl = value;
+        break;
+    case USART_BRRH:
+        usart->brrh = value & 0b00001111;
+        break;
+    default:
+        qemu_log_mask(
+            LOG_GUEST_ERROR,
+            "%s: Bad offset 0x%"HWADDR_PRIx"\n",
+            __func__,
+            addr);
+    }
+}
+
+static const MemoryRegionOps avr_usart_ops = {
+    .read = avr_usart_read,
+    .write = avr_usart_write,
+    .endianness = DEVICE_NATIVE_ENDIAN,
+    .impl = {.min_access_size = 1, .max_access_size = 1}
+};
+
+static Property avr_usart_properties[] = {
+    DEFINE_PROP_CHR("chardev", AVRUsartState, chr),
+    DEFINE_PROP_END_OF_LIST(),
+};
+
+static void avr_usart_pr(void *opaque, int irq, int level)
+{
+    AVRUsartState *s = AVR_USART(opaque);
+
+    s->enabled = !level;
+
+    if (!s->enabled) {
+        avr_usart_reset(DEVICE(s));
+    }
+}
+
+static void avr_usart_init(Object *obj)
+{
+    AVRUsartState *s = AVR_USART(obj);
+    sysbus_init_irq(SYS_BUS_DEVICE(obj), &s->rxc_irq);
+    sysbus_init_irq(SYS_BUS_DEVICE(obj), &s->dre_irq);
+    sysbus_init_irq(SYS_BUS_DEVICE(obj), &s->txc_irq);
+    memory_region_init_io(&s->mmio, obj, &avr_usart_ops, s, TYPE_AVR_USART, 7);
+    sysbus_init_mmio(SYS_BUS_DEVICE(obj), &s->mmio);
+    qdev_init_gpio_in(DEVICE(s), avr_usart_pr, 1);
+    s->enabled = true;
+}
+
+static void avr_usart_realize(DeviceState *dev, Error **errp)
+{
+    AVRUsartState *s = AVR_USART(dev);
+    qemu_chr_fe_set_handlers(&s->chr, avr_usart_can_receive,
+                             avr_usart_receive, NULL, NULL,
+                             s, NULL, true);
+    avr_usart_reset(dev);
+}
+
+static void avr_usart_class_init(ObjectClass *klass, void *data)
+{
+    DeviceClass *dc = DEVICE_CLASS(klass);
+
+    dc->reset = avr_usart_reset;
+    device_class_set_props(dc, avr_usart_properties);
+    dc->realize = avr_usart_realize;
+}
+
+static const TypeInfo avr_usart_info = {
+    .name          = TYPE_AVR_USART,
+    .parent        = TYPE_SYS_BUS_DEVICE,
+    .instance_size = sizeof(AVRUsartState),
+    .instance_init = avr_usart_init,
+    .class_init    = avr_usart_class_init,
+};
+
+static void avr_usart_register_types(void)
+{
+    type_register_static(&avr_usart_info);
+}
+
+type_init(avr_usart_register_types)
diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 3e6651ecc3..ff26272a6f 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -983,6 +983,8 @@  M: Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com>
 R: Sarah Harris <S.E.Harris@kent.ac.uk>
 S: Maintained
 F: default-configs/avr-softmmu.mak
+F: include/hw/char/avr_usart.h
+F: hw/char/avr_usart.c
 
 CRIS Machines
 -------------
diff --git a/hw/char/Kconfig b/hw/char/Kconfig
index 874627520c..b7e0e4d5fa 100644
--- a/hw/char/Kconfig
+++ b/hw/char/Kconfig
@@ -49,3 +49,6 @@  config TERMINAL3270
 
 config RENESAS_SCI
     bool
+
+config AVR_USART
+    bool
diff --git a/hw/char/Makefile.objs b/hw/char/Makefile.objs
index 8306c4a789..bf177ac41d 100644
--- a/hw/char/Makefile.objs
+++ b/hw/char/Makefile.objs
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@  common-obj-$(CONFIG_DIGIC) += digic-uart.o
 common-obj-$(CONFIG_STM32F2XX_USART) += stm32f2xx_usart.o
 common-obj-$(CONFIG_RASPI) += bcm2835_aux.o
 common-obj-$(CONFIG_RENESAS_SCI) += renesas_sci.o
+common-obj-$(CONFIG_AVR_USART) += avr_usart.o
 
 common-obj-$(CONFIG_CMSDK_APB_UART) += cmsdk-apb-uart.o
 common-obj-$(CONFIG_ETRAXFS) += etraxfs_ser.o