diff mbox

[qemu,v19,2/5] vfio: spapr: Add DMA memory preregistering (SPAPR IOMMU v2)

Message ID 1467603187-7446-3-git-send-email-aik@ozlabs.ru
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Alexey Kardashevskiy July 4, 2016, 3:33 a.m. UTC
This makes use of the new "memory registering" feature. The idea is
to provide the userspace ability to notify the host kernel about pages
which are going to be used for DMA. Having this information, the host
kernel can pin them all once per user process, do locked pages
accounting (once) and not spent time on doing that in real time with
possible failures which cannot be handled nicely in some cases.

This adds a prereg memory listener which listens on address_space_memory
and notifies a VFIO container about memory which needs to be
pinned/unpinned. VFIO MMIO regions (i.e. "skip dump" regions) are skipped.

The feature is only enabled for SPAPR IOMMU v2. The host kernel changes
are required. Since v2 does not need/support VFIO_IOMMU_ENABLE, this does
not call it when v2 is detected and enabled.

This enforces guest RAM blocks to be host page size aligned; however
this is not new as KVM already requires memory slots to be host page
size aligned.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>
---
Changes:
v19:
* moved and reduced trace point messages
* fixed wrong goto to listener_release_exit if VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_TCE_GET_INFO
failed

v18:
* made a copy of listener trace points in spapr.c
* fixed cleanup in vfio_connect_container
* removed assert in vfio_prereg_listener_region_add()
* created "prereg" copy of traces

v17:
* s/prereg\.c/spapr.c/
* s/vfio_prereg_gpa_to_ua/vfio_prereg_gpa_to_vaddr/
* vfio_prereg_listener_skipped_section does hw_error() on IOMMUs

v16:
* switched to 64bit math everywhere as there is no chance to see
region_add on RAM blocks even remotely close to 1<<64bytes.

v15:
* banned unaligned sections
* added an vfio_prereg_gpa_to_ua() helper

v14:
* s/free_container_exit/listener_release_exit/g
* added "if memory_region_is_iommu()" to vfio_prereg_listener_skipped_section
---
 hw/vfio/Makefile.objs         |   1 +
 hw/vfio/common.c              |  40 +++++++++---
 hw/vfio/spapr.c               | 139 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 hw/vfio/trace-events          |   6 ++
 include/hw/vfio/vfio-common.h |   4 ++
 5 files changed, 181 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 hw/vfio/spapr.c
diff mbox

Patch

diff --git a/hw/vfio/Makefile.objs b/hw/vfio/Makefile.objs
index ceddbb8..c25e32b 100644
--- a/hw/vfio/Makefile.objs
+++ b/hw/vfio/Makefile.objs
@@ -4,4 +4,5 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_PCI) += pci.o pci-quirks.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTMMU) += platform.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTMMU) += calxeda-xgmac.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTMMU) += amd-xgbe.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTMMU) += spapr.o
 endif
diff --git a/hw/vfio/common.c b/hw/vfio/common.c
index 7be638e..46381e6 100644
--- a/hw/vfio/common.c
+++ b/hw/vfio/common.c
@@ -503,6 +503,9 @@  static const MemoryListener vfio_memory_listener = {
 static void vfio_listener_release(VFIOContainer *container)
 {
     memory_listener_unregister(&container->listener);
+    if (container->iommu_type == VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_v2_IOMMU) {
+        memory_listener_unregister(&container->prereg_listener);
+    }
 }
 
 static struct vfio_info_cap_header *
@@ -861,8 +864,8 @@  static int vfio_connect_container(VFIOGroup *group, AddressSpace *as)
             goto free_container_exit;
         }
 
-        ret = ioctl(fd, VFIO_SET_IOMMU,
-                    v2 ? VFIO_TYPE1v2_IOMMU : VFIO_TYPE1_IOMMU);
+        container->iommu_type = v2 ? VFIO_TYPE1v2_IOMMU : VFIO_TYPE1_IOMMU;
+        ret = ioctl(fd, VFIO_SET_IOMMU, container->iommu_type);
         if (ret) {
             error_report("vfio: failed to set iommu for container: %m");
             ret = -errno;
@@ -887,8 +890,10 @@  static int vfio_connect_container(VFIOGroup *group, AddressSpace *as)
         if ((ret == 0) && (info.flags & VFIO_IOMMU_INFO_PGSIZES)) {
             container->iova_pgsizes = info.iova_pgsizes;
         }
-    } else if (ioctl(fd, VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION, VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU)) {
+    } else if (ioctl(fd, VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION, VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU) ||
+               ioctl(fd, VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION, VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_v2_IOMMU)) {
         struct vfio_iommu_spapr_tce_info info;
+        bool v2 = !!ioctl(fd, VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION, VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_v2_IOMMU);
 
         ret = ioctl(group->fd, VFIO_GROUP_SET_CONTAINER, &fd);
         if (ret) {
@@ -896,7 +901,9 @@  static int vfio_connect_container(VFIOGroup *group, AddressSpace *as)
             ret = -errno;
             goto free_container_exit;
         }
-        ret = ioctl(fd, VFIO_SET_IOMMU, VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU);
+        container->iommu_type =
+            v2 ? VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_v2_IOMMU : VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU;
+        ret = ioctl(fd, VFIO_SET_IOMMU, container->iommu_type);
         if (ret) {
             error_report("vfio: failed to set iommu for container: %m");
             ret = -errno;
@@ -908,11 +915,23 @@  static int vfio_connect_container(VFIOGroup *group, AddressSpace *as)
          * when container fd is closed so we do not call it explicitly
          * in this file.
          */
-        ret = ioctl(fd, VFIO_IOMMU_ENABLE);
-        if (ret) {
-            error_report("vfio: failed to enable container: %m");
-            ret = -errno;
-            goto free_container_exit;
+        if (!v2) {
+            ret = ioctl(fd, VFIO_IOMMU_ENABLE);
+            if (ret) {
+                error_report("vfio: failed to enable container: %m");
+                ret = -errno;
+                goto free_container_exit;
+            }
+        } else {
+            container->prereg_listener = vfio_prereg_listener;
+
+            memory_listener_register(&container->prereg_listener,
+                                     &address_space_memory);
+            if (container->error) {
+                memory_listener_unregister(&container->prereg_listener);
+                error_report("vfio: RAM memory listener initialization failed for container");
+                goto free_container_exit;
+            }
         }
 
         /*
@@ -925,6 +944,9 @@  static int vfio_connect_container(VFIOGroup *group, AddressSpace *as)
         if (ret) {
             error_report("vfio: VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_TCE_GET_INFO failed: %m");
             ret = -errno;
+            if (v2) {
+                memory_listener_unregister(&container->prereg_listener);
+            }
             goto free_container_exit;
         }
         container->min_iova = info.dma32_window_start;
diff --git a/hw/vfio/spapr.c b/hw/vfio/spapr.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5c29bec
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/vfio/spapr.c
@@ -0,0 +1,139 @@ 
+/*
+ * DMA memory preregistration
+ *
+ * Authors:
+ *  Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>
+ *
+ * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2.  See
+ * the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
+ */
+
+#include "qemu/osdep.h"
+#include "cpu.h"
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <linux/vfio.h>
+
+#include "hw/vfio/vfio-common.h"
+#include "hw/hw.h"
+#include "qemu/error-report.h"
+#include "trace.h"
+
+static bool vfio_prereg_listener_skipped_section(MemoryRegionSection *section)
+{
+    if (memory_region_is_iommu(section->mr)) {
+        hw_error("Cannot possibly preregister IOMMU memory");
+    }
+
+    return !memory_region_is_ram(section->mr) ||
+            memory_region_is_skip_dump(section->mr);
+}
+
+static void *vfio_prereg_gpa_to_vaddr(MemoryRegionSection *section, hwaddr gpa)
+{
+    return memory_region_get_ram_ptr(section->mr) +
+        section->offset_within_region +
+        (gpa - section->offset_within_address_space);
+}
+
+static void vfio_prereg_listener_region_add(MemoryListener *listener,
+                                            MemoryRegionSection *section)
+{
+    VFIOContainer *container = container_of(listener, VFIOContainer,
+                                            prereg_listener);
+    const hwaddr gpa = section->offset_within_address_space;
+    hwaddr end;
+    int ret;
+    hwaddr page_mask = qemu_real_host_page_mask;
+    struct vfio_iommu_spapr_register_memory reg = {
+        .argsz = sizeof(reg),
+        .flags = 0,
+    };
+
+    if (vfio_prereg_listener_skipped_section(section)) {
+        trace_vfio_prereg_listener_region_add_skip(
+                section->offset_within_address_space,
+                section->offset_within_address_space +
+                int128_get64(int128_sub(section->size, int128_one())));
+        return;
+    }
+
+    if (unlikely((section->offset_within_address_space & ~page_mask) ||
+                 (section->offset_within_region & ~page_mask) ||
+                 (int128_get64(section->size) & ~page_mask))) {
+        error_report("%s received unaligned region", __func__);
+        return;
+    }
+
+    end = section->offset_within_address_space + int128_get64(section->size);
+    if (gpa >= end) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    memory_region_ref(section->mr);
+
+    reg.vaddr = (__u64) vfio_prereg_gpa_to_vaddr(section, gpa);
+    reg.size = end - gpa;
+
+    ret = ioctl(container->fd, VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_REGISTER_MEMORY, &reg);
+    trace_vfio_prereg_register(reg.vaddr, reg.size, ret ? -errno : 0);
+    if (ret) {
+        /*
+         * On the initfn path, store the first error in the container so we
+         * can gracefully fail.  Runtime, there's not much we can do other
+         * than throw a hardware error.
+         */
+        if (!container->initialized) {
+            if (!container->error) {
+                container->error = ret;
+            }
+        } else {
+            hw_error("vfio: Memory registering failed, unable to continue");
+        }
+    }
+}
+
+static void vfio_prereg_listener_region_del(MemoryListener *listener,
+                                            MemoryRegionSection *section)
+{
+    VFIOContainer *container = container_of(listener, VFIOContainer,
+                                            prereg_listener);
+    const hwaddr gpa = section->offset_within_address_space;
+    hwaddr end;
+    int ret;
+    hwaddr page_mask = qemu_real_host_page_mask;
+    struct vfio_iommu_spapr_register_memory reg = {
+        .argsz = sizeof(reg),
+        .flags = 0,
+    };
+
+    if (vfio_prereg_listener_skipped_section(section)) {
+        trace_vfio_prereg_listener_region_del_skip(
+                section->offset_within_address_space,
+                section->offset_within_address_space +
+                int128_get64(int128_sub(section->size, int128_one())));
+        return;
+    }
+
+    if (unlikely((section->offset_within_address_space & ~page_mask) ||
+                 (section->offset_within_region & ~page_mask) ||
+                 (int128_get64(section->size) & ~page_mask))) {
+        error_report("%s received unaligned region", __func__);
+        return;
+    }
+
+    end = section->offset_within_address_space + int128_get64(section->size);
+    if (gpa >= end) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    reg.vaddr = (__u64) vfio_prereg_gpa_to_vaddr(section, gpa);
+    reg.size = end - gpa;
+
+    ret = ioctl(container->fd, VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_UNREGISTER_MEMORY, &reg);
+    trace_vfio_prereg_unregister(reg.vaddr, reg.size, ret ? -errno : 0);
+}
+
+const MemoryListener vfio_prereg_listener = {
+    .region_add = vfio_prereg_listener_region_add,
+    .region_del = vfio_prereg_listener_region_del,
+};
diff --git a/hw/vfio/trace-events b/hw/vfio/trace-events
index a768fb5..0b02a3b 100644
--- a/hw/vfio/trace-events
+++ b/hw/vfio/trace-events
@@ -115,3 +115,9 @@  vfio_platform_populate_interrupts(int pin, int count, int flags) "- IRQ index %d
 vfio_intp_interrupt_set_pending(int index) "irq %d is set PENDING"
 vfio_platform_start_level_irqfd_injection(int index, int fd, int resamplefd) "IRQ index=%d, fd = %d, resamplefd = %d"
 vfio_platform_start_edge_irqfd_injection(int index, int fd) "IRQ index=%d, fd = %d"
+
+# hw/vfio/spapr.c
+vfio_prereg_listener_region_add_skip(uint64_t start, uint64_t end) "%"PRIx64" - %"PRIx64
+vfio_prereg_listener_region_del_skip(uint64_t start, uint64_t end) "%"PRIx64" - %"PRIx64
+vfio_prereg_register(uint64_t va, uint64_t size, int ret) "va=%"PRIx64" size=%"PRIx64" ret=%d"
+vfio_prereg_unregister(uint64_t va, uint64_t size, int ret) "va=%"PRIx64" size=%"PRIx64" ret=%d"
diff --git a/include/hw/vfio/vfio-common.h b/include/hw/vfio/vfio-common.h
index 0610377..405c3b2 100644
--- a/include/hw/vfio/vfio-common.h
+++ b/include/hw/vfio/vfio-common.h
@@ -73,6 +73,8 @@  typedef struct VFIOContainer {
     VFIOAddressSpace *space;
     int fd; /* /dev/vfio/vfio, empowered by the attached groups */
     MemoryListener listener;
+    MemoryListener prereg_listener;
+    unsigned iommu_type;
     int error;
     bool initialized;
     /*
@@ -158,4 +160,6 @@  int vfio_get_region_info(VFIODevice *vbasedev, int index,
 int vfio_get_dev_region_info(VFIODevice *vbasedev, uint32_t type,
                              uint32_t subtype, struct vfio_region_info **info);
 #endif
+extern const MemoryListener vfio_prereg_listener;
+
 #endif /* !HW_VFIO_VFIO_COMMON_H */