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[1/2] cpuidle: Trace IPI based and timer based wakeup latency from idle states

Message ID 20200707152917.10652-2-psampat@linux.ibm.com
State New
Headers show
Series Selftest for cpuidle latency measurement | expand

Commit Message

Pratik Sampat July 7, 2020, 3:29 p.m. UTC
Fire directed smp_call_function_single IPIs from a specified source
CPU to the specified target CPU to reduce the noise we have to wade
through in the trace log.
The module is based on the idea written by Srivatsa Bhat and maintained
by Vaidyanathan Srinivasan internally.

Queue HR timer and measure jitter. Wakeup latency measurement for idle
states using hrtimer.  Echo a value in ns to timer_test_function and
watch trace. A HRtimer will be queued and when it fires the expected
wakeup vs actual wakeup is computes and delay printed in ns.

Implemented as a module which utilizes debugfs so that it can be
integrated with selftests.

To include the module, check option and include as module
kernel hacking -> Cpuidle latency selftests

[srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com: Initial implementation in
 cpidle/sysfs]

[svaidy@linux.vnet.ibm.com: wakeup latency measurements using hrtimer
 and fix some of the time calculation]

[ego@linux.vnet.ibm.com: Fix some whitespace and tab errors and
 increase the resolution of IPI wakeup]

Signed-off-by: Pratik Rajesh Sampat <psampat@linux.ibm.com>
---
 drivers/cpuidle/Makefile               |   1 +
 drivers/cpuidle/test-cpuidle_latency.c | 150 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 lib/Kconfig.debug                      |  10 ++
 3 files changed, 161 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/cpuidle/test-cpuidle_latency.c
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/Makefile b/drivers/cpuidle/Makefile
index f07800cbb43f..2ae05968078c 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/Makefile
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_NEEDS_CPU_IDLE_COUPLED) += coupled.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DT_IDLE_STATES)		  += dt_idle_states.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_CPU_RELAX)	  += poll_state.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_HALTPOLL_CPUIDLE)		  += cpuidle-haltpoll.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_IDLE_LATENCY_SELFTEST)	  += test-cpuidle_latency.o
 
 ##################################################################################
 # ARM SoC drivers
diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/test-cpuidle_latency.c b/drivers/cpuidle/test-cpuidle_latency.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..61574665e972
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/test-cpuidle_latency.c
@@ -0,0 +1,150 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
+/*
+ * Module-based API test facility for cpuidle latency using IPIs and timers
+ */
+
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+
+/* IPI based wakeup latencies */
+struct latency {
+	unsigned int src_cpu;
+	unsigned int dest_cpu;
+	ktime_t time_start;
+	ktime_t time_end;
+	u64 latency_ns;
+} ipi_wakeup;
+
+static void measure_latency(void *info)
+{
+	struct latency *v;
+	ktime_t time_diff;
+
+	v = (struct latency *)info;
+	v->time_end = ktime_get();
+	time_diff = ktime_sub(v->time_end, v->time_start);
+	v->latency_ns = ktime_to_ns(time_diff);
+}
+
+void run_smp_call_function_test(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+	ipi_wakeup.src_cpu = smp_processor_id();
+	ipi_wakeup.dest_cpu = cpu;
+	ipi_wakeup.time_start = ktime_get();
+	smp_call_function_single(cpu, measure_latency, &ipi_wakeup, 1);
+}
+
+/* Timer based wakeup latencies */
+struct timer_data {
+	unsigned int src_cpu;
+	u64 timeout;
+	ktime_t time_start;
+	ktime_t time_end;
+	struct hrtimer timer;
+	u64 timeout_diff_ns;
+} timer_wakeup;
+
+static enum hrtimer_restart timer_called(struct hrtimer *hrtimer)
+{
+	struct timer_data *w;
+	ktime_t time_diff;
+
+	w = container_of(hrtimer, struct timer_data, timer);
+	w->time_end = ktime_get();
+
+	time_diff = ktime_sub(w->time_end, w->time_start);
+	time_diff = ktime_sub(time_diff, ns_to_ktime(w->timeout));
+	w->timeout_diff_ns = ktime_to_ns(time_diff);
+	return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
+}
+
+static void run_timer_test(unsigned int ns)
+{
+	hrtimer_init(&timer_wakeup.timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC,
+		     HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
+	timer_wakeup.timer.function = timer_called;
+	timer_wakeup.time_start = ktime_get();
+	timer_wakeup.src_cpu = smp_processor_id();
+	timer_wakeup.timeout = ns;
+
+	hrtimer_start(&timer_wakeup.timer, ns_to_ktime(ns),
+		      HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED);
+}
+
+static struct dentry *dir;
+
+static int cpu_read_op(void *data, u64 *value)
+{
+	*value = ipi_wakeup.dest_cpu;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int cpu_write_op(void *data, u64 value)
+{
+	run_smp_call_function_test(value);
+	return 0;
+}
+DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(ipi_ops, cpu_read_op, cpu_write_op, "%llu\n");
+
+static int timeout_read_op(void *data, u64 *value)
+{
+	*value = timer_wakeup.timeout;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int timeout_write_op(void *data, u64 value)
+{
+	run_timer_test(value);
+	return 0;
+}
+DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(timeout_ops, timeout_read_op, timeout_write_op, "%llu\n");
+
+static int __init latency_init(void)
+{
+	struct dentry *temp;
+
+	dir = debugfs_create_dir("latency_test", 0);
+	if (!dir) {
+		pr_alert("latency_test: failed to create /sys/kernel/debug/latency_test\n");
+		return -1;
+	}
+	temp = debugfs_create_file("ipi_cpu_dest",
+				   0666,
+				   dir,
+				   NULL,
+				   &ipi_ops);
+	if (!temp) {
+		pr_alert("latency_test: failed to create /sys/kernel/debug/ipi_cpu_dest\n");
+		return -1;
+	}
+	debugfs_create_u64("ipi_latency_ns", 0444, dir, &ipi_wakeup.latency_ns);
+	debugfs_create_u32("ipi_cpu_src", 0444, dir, &ipi_wakeup.src_cpu);
+
+	temp = debugfs_create_file("timeout_expected_ns",
+				   0666,
+				   dir,
+				   NULL,
+				   &timeout_ops);
+	if (!temp) {
+		pr_alert("latency_test: failed to create /sys/kernel/debug/timeout_expected_ns\n");
+		return -1;
+	}
+	debugfs_create_u64("timeout_diff_ns", 0444, dir, &timer_wakeup.timeout_diff_ns);
+	debugfs_create_u32("timeout_cpu_src", 0444, dir, &timer_wakeup.src_cpu);
+	pr_info("Latency Test module loaded\n");
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void __exit latency_cleanup(void)
+{
+	pr_info("Cleaning up Latency Test module.\n");
+	debugfs_remove_recursive(dir);
+}
+
+module_init(latency_init);
+module_exit(latency_cleanup);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("IBM Corporation");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Measuring idle latency for IPIs and Timers");
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index d74ac0fd6b2d..e2283790245a 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -1375,6 +1375,16 @@  config DEBUG_KOBJECT
 	  If you say Y here, some extra kobject debugging messages will be sent
 	  to the syslog.
 
+config IDLE_LATENCY_SELFTEST
+	tristate "Cpuidle latency selftests"
+	depends on CPU_IDLE
+	help
+	  This option provides a kernel module that runs tests using the IPI and
+	  timers to measure latency.
+
+	  Say M if you want these self tests to build as a module.
+	  Say N if you are unsure.
+
 config DEBUG_KOBJECT_RELEASE
 	bool "kobject release debugging"
 	depends on DEBUG_OBJECTS_TIMERS