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[v3,2/2] exec: Broadly lock nascent mm until setup_arg_pages()

Message ID 20201015000041.1734214-3-jannh@google.com
State Not Applicable
Headers show
Series Broad write-locking of nascent mm in execve | expand

Commit Message

Jann Horn Oct. 15, 2020, midnight UTC
While AFAIK there currently is nothing that can modify the VMA tree of a
new mm until userspace has started running under the mm, we should properly
lock the mm here anyway, both to keep lockdep happy when adding locking
assertions and to be safe in the future in case someone e.g. decides to
permit VMA-tree-mutating operations in process_madvise_behavior_valid().

The goal of this patch is to broadly lock the nascent mm in the exec path,
from around the time it is created all the way to the end of
setup_arg_pages() (because setup_arg_pages() accesses bprm->vma).
As long as the mm is write-locked, keep it around in bprm->mm, even after
it has been installed on the task (with an extra reference on the mm, to
reduce complexity in free_bprm()).
After setup_arg_pages(), we have to unlock the mm so that APIs such as
copy_to_user() will work in the following binfmt-specific setup code.

Suggested-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@nvidia.com>
Suggested-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
---
 fs/exec.c               | 68 ++++++++++++++++++++---------------------
 include/linux/binfmts.h |  2 +-
 2 files changed, 35 insertions(+), 35 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/fs/exec.c b/fs/exec.c
index 229dbc7aa61a..00edf833781f 100644
--- a/fs/exec.c
+++ b/fs/exec.c
@@ -254,11 +254,6 @@  static int __bprm_mm_init(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 	vma_set_anonymous(vma);
 
-	if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) {
-		err = -EINTR;
-		goto err_free;
-	}
-
 	/*
 	 * Place the stack at the largest stack address the architecture
 	 * supports. Later, we'll move this to an appropriate place. We don't
@@ -276,12 +271,9 @@  static int __bprm_mm_init(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 		goto err;
 
 	mm->stack_vm = mm->total_vm = 1;
-	mmap_write_unlock(mm);
 	bprm->p = vma->vm_end - sizeof(void *);
 	return 0;
 err:
-	mmap_write_unlock(mm);
-err_free:
 	bprm->vma = NULL;
 	vm_area_free(vma);
 	return err;
@@ -364,9 +356,9 @@  static int bprm_mm_init(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 	struct mm_struct *mm = NULL;
 
 	bprm->mm = mm = mm_alloc();
-	err = -ENOMEM;
 	if (!mm)
-		goto err;
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	mmap_write_lock_nascent(mm);
 
 	/* Save current stack limit for all calculations made during exec. */
 	task_lock(current->group_leader);
@@ -374,17 +366,12 @@  static int bprm_mm_init(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 	task_unlock(current->group_leader);
 
 	err = __bprm_mm_init(bprm);
-	if (err)
-		goto err;
-
-	return 0;
-
-err:
-	if (mm) {
-		bprm->mm = NULL;
-		mmdrop(mm);
-	}
+	if (!err)
+		return 0;
 
+	bprm->mm = NULL;
+	mmap_write_unlock(mm);
+	mmdrop(mm);
 	return err;
 }
 
@@ -735,6 +722,7 @@  static int shift_arg_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long shift)
 /*
  * Finalizes the stack vm_area_struct. The flags and permissions are updated,
  * the stack is optionally relocated, and some extra space is added.
+ * At the end of this, the mm_struct will be unlocked on success.
  */
 int setup_arg_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
 		    unsigned long stack_top,
@@ -787,9 +775,6 @@  int setup_arg_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
 		bprm->loader -= stack_shift;
 	bprm->exec -= stack_shift;
 
-	if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm))
-		return -EINTR;
-
 	vm_flags = VM_STACK_FLAGS;
 
 	/*
@@ -807,7 +792,7 @@  int setup_arg_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
 	ret = mprotect_fixup(vma, &prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end,
 			vm_flags);
 	if (ret)
-		goto out_unlock;
+		return ret;
 	BUG_ON(prev != vma);
 
 	if (unlikely(vm_flags & VM_EXEC)) {
@@ -819,7 +804,7 @@  int setup_arg_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
 	if (stack_shift) {
 		ret = shift_arg_pages(vma, stack_shift);
 		if (ret)
-			goto out_unlock;
+			return ret;
 	}
 
 	/* mprotect_fixup is overkill to remove the temporary stack flags */
@@ -846,11 +831,17 @@  int setup_arg_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
 	current->mm->start_stack = bprm->p;
 	ret = expand_stack(vma, stack_base);
 	if (ret)
-		ret = -EFAULT;
+		return -EFAULT;
 
-out_unlock:
+	/*
+	 * From this point on, anything that wants to poke around in the
+	 * mm_struct must lock it by itself.
+	 */
+	bprm->vma = NULL;
 	mmap_write_unlock(mm);
-	return ret;
+	mmput(mm);
+	bprm->mm = NULL;
+	return 0;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(setup_arg_pages);
 
@@ -1114,8 +1105,6 @@  static int exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
-	mmap_write_lock_nascent(mm);
-
 	if (old_mm) {
 		/*
 		 * Make sure that if there is a core dump in progress
@@ -1127,11 +1116,12 @@  static int exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
 		if (unlikely(old_mm->core_state)) {
 			mmap_read_unlock(old_mm);
 			mutex_unlock(&tsk->signal->exec_update_mutex);
-			mmap_write_unlock(mm);
 			return -EINTR;
 		}
 	}
 
+	/* bprm->mm stays refcounted, current->mm takes an extra reference */
+	mmget(mm);
 	task_lock(tsk);
 	active_mm = tsk->active_mm;
 	membarrier_exec_mmap(mm);
@@ -1141,7 +1131,6 @@  static int exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
 	tsk->mm->vmacache_seqnum = 0;
 	vmacache_flush(tsk);
 	task_unlock(tsk);
-	mmap_write_unlock(mm);
 	if (old_mm) {
 		mmap_read_unlock(old_mm);
 		BUG_ON(active_mm != old_mm);
@@ -1397,8 +1386,6 @@  int begin_new_exec(struct linux_binprm * bprm)
 	if (retval)
 		goto out;
 
-	bprm->mm = NULL;
-
 #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS
 	exit_itimers(me->signal);
 	flush_itimer_signals();
@@ -1545,6 +1532,18 @@  void setup_new_exec(struct linux_binprm * bprm)
 	me->mm->task_size = TASK_SIZE;
 	mutex_unlock(&me->signal->exec_update_mutex);
 	mutex_unlock(&me->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+
+	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MMU)) {
+		/*
+		 * On MMU, setup_arg_pages() wants to access bprm->vma after
+		 * this point, so we can't drop the mmap lock yet.
+		 * On !MMU, we have neither setup_arg_pages() nor bprm->vma,
+		 * so we should drop the lock here.
+		 */
+		mmap_write_unlock(bprm->mm);
+		mmput(bprm->mm);
+		bprm->mm = NULL;
+	}
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(setup_new_exec);
 
@@ -1581,6 +1580,7 @@  static void free_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 {
 	if (bprm->mm) {
 		acct_arg_size(bprm, 0);
+		mmap_write_unlock(bprm->mm);
 		mmput(bprm->mm);
 	}
 	free_arg_pages(bprm);
diff --git a/include/linux/binfmts.h b/include/linux/binfmts.h
index 0571701ab1c5..3bf06212fbae 100644
--- a/include/linux/binfmts.h
+++ b/include/linux/binfmts.h
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@  struct linux_binprm {
 # define MAX_ARG_PAGES	32
 	struct page *page[MAX_ARG_PAGES];
 #endif
-	struct mm_struct *mm;
+	struct mm_struct *mm; /* nascent mm, write-locked */
 	unsigned long p; /* current top of mem */
 	unsigned long argmin; /* rlimit marker for copy_strings() */
 	unsigned int