diff mbox series

iomap: Fix negative assignment to unsigned sis->pages in iomap_swapfile_activate

Message ID b39319ab99d9c5541b2cdc172a4b25f39cbaad50.1614838615.git.riteshh@linux.ibm.com
State Not Applicable
Headers show
Series iomap: Fix negative assignment to unsigned sis->pages in iomap_swapfile_activate | expand

Commit Message

riteshh March 4, 2021, 6:21 a.m. UTC
In case if isi.nr_pages is 0, we are making sis->pages (which is
unsigned int) a huge value in iomap_swapfile_activate() by assigning -1.
This could cause a kernel crash in kernel v4.18 (with below signature).
Or could lead to unknown issues on latest kernel if the fake big swap gets
used.

Fix this issue by returning -EINVAL in case of nr_pages is 0, since it
is anyway a invalid swapfile. Looks like this issue will be hit when
we have pagesize < blocksize type of configuration.

I was able to hit the issue in case of a tiny swap file with below
test script.
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/riteshharjani/LinuxStudy/master/scripts/swap-issue.sh

kernel crash analysis on v4.18
==============================
On v4.18 kernel, it causes a kernel panic, since sis->pages becomes
a huge value and isi.nr_extents is 0. When 0 is returned it is
considered as a swapfile over NFS and SWP_FILE is set (sis->flags |= SWP_FILE).
Then when swapoff was getting called it was calling a_ops->swap_deactivate()
if (sis->flags & SWP_FILE) is true. Since a_ops->swap_deactivate() is
NULL in case of XFS, it causes below panic.

Panic signature on v4.18 kernel:
=======================================
root@qemu:/home/qemu# [ 8291.723351] XFS (loop2): Unmounting Filesystem
[ 8292.123104] XFS (loop2): Mounting V5 Filesystem
[ 8292.132451] XFS (loop2): Ending clean mount
[ 8292.263362] Adding 4294967232k swap on /mnt1/test/swapfile.  Priority:-2 extents:1 across:274877906880k
[ 8292.277834] Unable to handle kernel paging request for instruction fetch
[ 8292.278677] Faulting instruction address: 0x00000000
cpu 0x19: Vector: 400 (Instruction Access) at [c0000009dd5b7ad0]
    pc: 0000000000000000
    lr: c0000000003eb9dc: destroy_swap_extents+0xfc/0x120
    sp: c0000009dd5b7d50
   msr: 8000000040009033
  current = 0xc0000009b6710080
  paca    = 0xc00000003ffcb280   irqmask: 0x03   irq_happened: 0x01
    pid   = 5604, comm = swapoff
Linux version 4.18.0 (riteshh@xxxxxxx) (gcc version 8.4.0 (Ubuntu 8.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04)) #57 SMP Wed Mar 3 01:33:04 CST 2021
enter ? for help
[link register   ] c0000000003eb9dc destroy_swap_extents+0xfc/0x120
[c0000009dd5b7d50] c0000000025a7058 proc_poll_event+0x0/0x4 (unreliable)
[c0000009dd5b7da0] c0000000003f0498 sys_swapoff+0x3f8/0x910
[c0000009dd5b7e30] c00000000000bbe4 system_call+0x5c/0x70
--- Exception: c01 (System Call) at 00007ffff7d208d8

Signed-off-by: Ritesh Harjani <riteshh@linux.ibm.com>
---
 fs/iomap/swapfile.c | 9 +++++++++
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)

--
2.26.2

Comments

riteshh March 4, 2021, 10:26 a.m. UTC | #1
On 3/4/21 11:51 AM, Ritesh Harjani wrote:
> In case if isi.nr_pages is 0, we are making sis->pages (which is
> unsigned int) a huge value in iomap_swapfile_activate() by assigning -1.
> This could cause a kernel crash in kernel v4.18 (with below signature).
> Or could lead to unknown issues on latest kernel if the fake big swap gets
> used.
> 
> Fix this issue by returning -EINVAL in case of nr_pages is 0, since it
> is anyway a invalid swapfile. Looks like this issue will be hit when
> we have pagesize < blocksize type of configuration.

Oops I meant blocksize < pagesize type of configuration.
Darrick J. Wong March 4, 2021, 5:26 p.m. UTC | #2
On Thu, Mar 04, 2021 at 11:51:26AM +0530, Ritesh Harjani wrote:
> In case if isi.nr_pages is 0, we are making sis->pages (which is
> unsigned int) a huge value in iomap_swapfile_activate() by assigning -1.
> This could cause a kernel crash in kernel v4.18 (with below signature).
> Or could lead to unknown issues on latest kernel if the fake big swap gets
> used.
> 
> Fix this issue by returning -EINVAL in case of nr_pages is 0, since it
> is anyway a invalid swapfile. Looks like this issue will be hit when
> we have pagesize < blocksize type of configuration.
> 
> I was able to hit the issue in case of a tiny swap file with below
> test script.
> https://raw.githubusercontent.com/riteshharjani/LinuxStudy/master/scripts/swap-issue.sh

Can you turn this into a dangerous-group fstest, please?

> kernel crash analysis on v4.18
> ==============================
> On v4.18 kernel, it causes a kernel panic, since sis->pages becomes
> a huge value and isi.nr_extents is 0. When 0 is returned it is
> considered as a swapfile over NFS and SWP_FILE is set (sis->flags |= SWP_FILE).
> Then when swapoff was getting called it was calling a_ops->swap_deactivate()
> if (sis->flags & SWP_FILE) is true. Since a_ops->swap_deactivate() is
> NULL in case of XFS, it causes below panic.

Does the same reasoning apply to upstream?

> Panic signature on v4.18 kernel:
> =======================================
> root@qemu:/home/qemu# [ 8291.723351] XFS (loop2): Unmounting Filesystem
> [ 8292.123104] XFS (loop2): Mounting V5 Filesystem
> [ 8292.132451] XFS (loop2): Ending clean mount
> [ 8292.263362] Adding 4294967232k swap on /mnt1/test/swapfile.  Priority:-2 extents:1 across:274877906880k
> [ 8292.277834] Unable to handle kernel paging request for instruction fetch
> [ 8292.278677] Faulting instruction address: 0x00000000
> cpu 0x19: Vector: 400 (Instruction Access) at [c0000009dd5b7ad0]
>     pc: 0000000000000000
>     lr: c0000000003eb9dc: destroy_swap_extents+0xfc/0x120
>     sp: c0000009dd5b7d50
>    msr: 8000000040009033
>   current = 0xc0000009b6710080
>   paca    = 0xc00000003ffcb280   irqmask: 0x03   irq_happened: 0x01
>     pid   = 5604, comm = swapoff
> Linux version 4.18.0 (riteshh@xxxxxxx) (gcc version 8.4.0 (Ubuntu 8.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04)) #57 SMP Wed Mar 3 01:33:04 CST 2021
> enter ? for help
> [link register   ] c0000000003eb9dc destroy_swap_extents+0xfc/0x120
> [c0000009dd5b7d50] c0000000025a7058 proc_poll_event+0x0/0x4 (unreliable)
> [c0000009dd5b7da0] c0000000003f0498 sys_swapoff+0x3f8/0x910
> [c0000009dd5b7e30] c00000000000bbe4 system_call+0x5c/0x70
> --- Exception: c01 (System Call) at 00007ffff7d208d8
> 
> Signed-off-by: Ritesh Harjani <riteshh@linux.ibm.com>
> ---
>  fs/iomap/swapfile.c | 9 +++++++++
>  1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/iomap/swapfile.c b/fs/iomap/swapfile.c
> index a648dbf6991e..67953678c99f 100644
> --- a/fs/iomap/swapfile.c
> +++ b/fs/iomap/swapfile.c
> @@ -170,6 +170,15 @@ int iomap_swapfile_activate(struct swap_info_struct *sis,
>  			return ret;
>  	}
> 
> +	/*
> +	 * In case if nr_pages is 0 then we better return -EINVAL
> +	 * since it is anyway an empty swapfile.
> +	 */
> +	if (isi.nr_pages == 0) {
> +		pr_warn("swapon: Empty swap-file\n");

The swapfile might not be empty, it's just that we couldn't find even a
single page's worth of contiguous space in the whole file.  I would
suggest:

	/*
	 * If this swapfile doesn't contain even a single page-aligned
	 * contiguous range of blocks, reject this useless swapfile to
	 * prevent confusion later on.
	 */
	if (isi.nr_pages == 0) {
		pr_warn("swapon: Cannot find a single usable page in file.\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

--D

> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
>  	*pagespan = 1 + isi.highest_ppage - isi.lowest_ppage;
>  	sis->max = isi.nr_pages;
>  	sis->pages = isi.nr_pages - 1;
> --
> 2.26.2
>
riteshh March 11, 2021, 5:57 a.m. UTC | #3
On 3/4/21 10:56 PM, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> On Thu, Mar 04, 2021 at 11:51:26AM +0530, Ritesh Harjani wrote:
>> In case if isi.nr_pages is 0, we are making sis->pages (which is
>> unsigned int) a huge value in iomap_swapfile_activate() by assigning -1.
>> This could cause a kernel crash in kernel v4.18 (with below signature).
>> Or could lead to unknown issues on latest kernel if the fake big swap gets
>> used.
>>
>> Fix this issue by returning -EINVAL in case of nr_pages is 0, since it
>> is anyway a invalid swapfile. Looks like this issue will be hit when
>> we have pagesize < blocksize type of configuration.
>>
>> I was able to hit the issue in case of a tiny swap file with below
>> test script.
>> https://raw.githubusercontent.com/riteshharjani/LinuxStudy/master/scripts/swap-issue.sh
> 
> Can you turn this into a dangerous-group fstest, please?

Yes, I am already on it.

> 
>> kernel crash analysis on v4.18
>> ==============================
>> On v4.18 kernel, it causes a kernel panic, since sis->pages becomes
>> a huge value and isi.nr_extents is 0. When 0 is returned it is
>> considered as a swapfile over NFS and SWP_FILE is set (sis->flags |= SWP_FILE).
>> Then when swapoff was getting called it was calling a_ops->swap_deactivate()
>> if (sis->flags & SWP_FILE) is true. Since a_ops->swap_deactivate() is
>> NULL in case of XFS, it causes below panic.
> 
> Does the same reasoning apply to upstream?

Tested this on upstream. It causes a kernel crash with below signature.



[  186.061504] __swap_info_get: Bad swap offset entry 00000003
[  186.061635] __swap_info_get: Bad swap offset entry 00000043
[  186.061724] __swap_info_get: Bad swap offset entry 00000003
[  186.068492] __swap_info_get: Bad swap offset entry 00000001
[  186.071704] __swap_info_get: Bad swap offset entry 00000043
<...>
[  453.756321] Faulting instruction address: 0xc0000000005b6c50
cpu 0x6: Vector: 300 (Data Access) at [c00000002a8b6f80]
     pc: c0000000005b6c50: __mark_inode_dirty+0x40/0x870
     lr: c0000000006435b0: iomap_set_page_dirty+0x170/0x1b0
     sp: c00000002a8b7220
    msr: 8000000000009033
    dar: 28
  dsisr: 40000000
   current = 0xc00000000c839800
   paca    = 0xc00000003fff7800   irqmask: 0x03   irq_happened: 0x01
     pid   = 4635, comm = stress
Linux version 5.12.0-rc1-00021-g23cdd4c7150 (riteshh@ltctulc6a-p1) (gcc 
(Ubuntu 8.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04) 8.4.0, GNU ld (GNU Binutils for Ubuntu) 
2.30) #64 SMP Wed Mar 10 23:35:37 CST 2021
enter ? for help
[c00000002a8b7280] c0000000006435b0 iomap_set_page_dirty+0x170/0x1b0
[c00000002a8b72b0] c0000000004d1f1c swap_set_page_dirty+0xec/0x140
[c00000002a8b72e0] c000000000427e94 set_page_dirty+0x1b4/0x2d0
[c00000002a8b7310] c0000000004d3458 add_to_swap+0x178/0x1d0
[c00000002a8b7350] c000000000444238 shrink_page_list+0xe78/0x2120
[c00000002a8b7450] c000000000447580 shrink_inactive_list+0x2b0/0x640
[c00000002a8b7530] c000000000448b80 shrink_lruvec+0x710/0x7b0
[c00000002a8b7660] c0000000004491a4 shrink_node+0x584/0x8e0
[c00000002a8b7720] c0000000004497f8 do_try_to_free_pages+0x2f8/0x5d0
[c00000002a8b77d0] c00000000044bdac try_to_free_pages+0x29c/0x440
[c00000002a8b78a0] c0000000004c4bec 
__alloc_pages_slowpath.constprop.86+0x66c/0x11e0
[c00000002a8b7a70] c0000000004c5a7c __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x31c/0x500
[c00000002a8b7b00] c0000000004f2724 alloc_pages_vma+0x2b4/0x320
[c00000002a8b7b70] c00000000048d2c4 __handle_mm_fault+0xb54/0x1810
[c00000002a8b7ca0] c00000000048e2d0 handle_mm_fault+0x350/0x4c0
[c00000002a8b7d00] c00000000009c354 ___do_page_fault+0x9a4/0xd30
[c00000002a8b7db0] c00000000009c714 __do_page_fault+0x34/0x90
[c00000002a8b7de0] c0000000000a5c48 do_hash_fault+0x48/0x90
[c00000002a8b7e10] c000000000008994 data_access_common_virt+0x194/0x1f0





> 
>> Panic signature on v4.18 kernel:
>> =======================================
>> root@qemu:/home/qemu# [ 8291.723351] XFS (loop2): Unmounting Filesystem
>> [ 8292.123104] XFS (loop2): Mounting V5 Filesystem
>> [ 8292.132451] XFS (loop2): Ending clean mount
>> [ 8292.263362] Adding 4294967232k swap on /mnt1/test/swapfile.  Priority:-2 extents:1 across:274877906880k
>> [ 8292.277834] Unable to handle kernel paging request for instruction fetch
>> [ 8292.278677] Faulting instruction address: 0x00000000
>> cpu 0x19: Vector: 400 (Instruction Access) at [c0000009dd5b7ad0]
>>      pc: 0000000000000000
>>      lr: c0000000003eb9dc: destroy_swap_extents+0xfc/0x120
>>      sp: c0000009dd5b7d50
>>     msr: 8000000040009033
>>    current = 0xc0000009b6710080
>>    paca    = 0xc00000003ffcb280   irqmask: 0x03   irq_happened: 0x01
>>      pid   = 5604, comm = swapoff
>> Linux version 4.18.0 (riteshh@xxxxxxx) (gcc version 8.4.0 (Ubuntu 8.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04)) #57 SMP Wed Mar 3 01:33:04 CST 2021
>> enter ? for help
>> [link register   ] c0000000003eb9dc destroy_swap_extents+0xfc/0x120
>> [c0000009dd5b7d50] c0000000025a7058 proc_poll_event+0x0/0x4 (unreliable)
>> [c0000009dd5b7da0] c0000000003f0498 sys_swapoff+0x3f8/0x910
>> [c0000009dd5b7e30] c00000000000bbe4 system_call+0x5c/0x70
>> --- Exception: c01 (System Call) at 00007ffff7d208d8
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Ritesh Harjani <riteshh@linux.ibm.com>
>> ---
>>   fs/iomap/swapfile.c | 9 +++++++++
>>   1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/fs/iomap/swapfile.c b/fs/iomap/swapfile.c
>> index a648dbf6991e..67953678c99f 100644
>> --- a/fs/iomap/swapfile.c
>> +++ b/fs/iomap/swapfile.c
>> @@ -170,6 +170,15 @@ int iomap_swapfile_activate(struct swap_info_struct *sis,
>>   			return ret;
>>   	}
>>
>> +	/*
>> +	 * In case if nr_pages is 0 then we better return -EINVAL
>> +	 * since it is anyway an empty swapfile.
>> +	 */
>> +	if (isi.nr_pages == 0) {
>> +		pr_warn("swapon: Empty swap-file\n");
> 
> The swapfile might not be empty, it's just that we couldn't find even a
> single page's worth of contiguous space in the whole file.  I would
> suggest:
> 
> 	/*
> 	 * If this swapfile doesn't contain even a single page-aligned
> 	 * contiguous range of blocks, reject this useless swapfile to
> 	 * prevent confusion later on.
> 	 */
> 	if (isi.nr_pages == 0) {
> 		pr_warn("swapon: Cannot find a single usable page in file.\n");
> 		return -EINVAL;
> 	}
> 
> --D

Sure. I will update it with above comments and resend a v2.
Will also update the status of latest kernel crash signature in the 
commit msg in v2.

-ritesh
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/fs/iomap/swapfile.c b/fs/iomap/swapfile.c
index a648dbf6991e..67953678c99f 100644
--- a/fs/iomap/swapfile.c
+++ b/fs/iomap/swapfile.c
@@ -170,6 +170,15 @@  int iomap_swapfile_activate(struct swap_info_struct *sis,
 			return ret;
 	}

+	/*
+	 * In case if nr_pages is 0 then we better return -EINVAL
+	 * since it is anyway an empty swapfile.
+	 */
+	if (isi.nr_pages == 0) {
+		pr_warn("swapon: Empty swap-file\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
 	*pagespan = 1 + isi.highest_ppage - isi.lowest_ppage;
 	sis->max = isi.nr_pages;
 	sis->pages = isi.nr_pages - 1;