diff mbox series

[V11,04/11] Documentation/dax: Update Usage section

Message ID 20200428002142.404144-5-ira.weiny@intel.com
State Not Applicable
Headers show
Series XFS - Enable per-file/per-directory DAX operations V11 | expand

Commit Message

Ira Weiny April 28, 2020, 12:21 a.m. UTC
From: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>

Update the Usage section to reflect the new individual dax selection
functionality.

Signed-off-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>

---
Changes from V10:
	Clarifications from Dave
	Add '-c' to xfs_io examples

Changes from V9:
	Fix missing ')'
	Fix trialing '"'

Changes from V8:
	Updates from Darrick

Changes from V7:
	Cleanups/clarifications from Darrick and Dan

Changes from V6:
	Update to allow setting FS_XFLAG_DAX any time.
	Update with list of behaviors from Darrick
	https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200409165927.GD6741@magnolia/

Changes from V5:
	Update to reflect the agreed upon semantics
	https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200405061945.GA94792@iweiny-DESK2.sc.intel.com/
---
 Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt | 139 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 136 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

Comments

Darrick J. Wong April 28, 2020, 8:27 p.m. UTC | #1
On Mon, Apr 27, 2020 at 05:21:35PM -0700, ira.weiny@intel.com wrote:
> From: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
> 
> Update the Usage section to reflect the new individual dax selection
> functionality.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
> 
> ---
> Changes from V10:
> 	Clarifications from Dave
> 	Add '-c' to xfs_io examples
> 
> Changes from V9:
> 	Fix missing ')'
> 	Fix trialing '"'
> 
> Changes from V8:
> 	Updates from Darrick
> 
> Changes from V7:
> 	Cleanups/clarifications from Darrick and Dan
> 
> Changes from V6:
> 	Update to allow setting FS_XFLAG_DAX any time.
> 	Update with list of behaviors from Darrick
> 	https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200409165927.GD6741@magnolia/
> 
> Changes from V5:
> 	Update to reflect the agreed upon semantics
> 	https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200405061945.GA94792@iweiny-DESK2.sc.intel.com/
> ---
>  Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt | 139 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 136 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
> index 679729442fd2..409e4e83e46a 100644
> --- a/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
> @@ -17,11 +17,144 @@ For file mappings, the storage device is mapped directly into userspace.
>  Usage
>  -----
>  
> -If you have a block device which supports DAX, you can make a filesystem
> +If you have a block device which supports DAX, you can make a file system
>  on it as usual.  The DAX code currently only supports files with a block
>  size equal to your kernel's PAGE_SIZE, so you may need to specify a block
> -size when creating the filesystem.  When mounting it, use the "-o dax"
> -option on the command line or add 'dax' to the options in /etc/fstab.
> +size when creating the file system.
> +
> +Currently 3 filesystems support DAX: ext2, ext4 and xfs.  Enabling DAX on them
> +is different.
> +
> +Enabling DAX on ext4 and ext2
> +-----------------------------
> +
> +When mounting the filesystem, use the "-o dax" option on the command line or
> +add 'dax' to the options in /etc/fstab.  This works to enable DAX on all files
> +within the filesystem.  It is equivalent to the '-o dax=always' behavior below.
> +
> +
> +Enabling DAX on xfs
> +-------------------
> +
> +Summary
> +-------
> +
> + 1. There exists an in-kernel file access mode flag S_DAX that corresponds to
> +    the statx flag STATX_ATTR_DAX.  See the manpage for statx(2) for details
> +    about this access mode.
> +
> + 2. There exists a persistent flag FS_XFLAG_DAX that can be applied to regular
> +    files and directories. This advisory flag can be set or cleared at any
> +    time, but doing so does not immediately affect the S_DAX state.
> +
> + 3. If the persistent FS_XFLAG_DAX flag is set on a directory, this flag will
> +    be inherited by all regular files and sub directories that are subsequently

Well, I'm at the level of minor edits: "...and subdirectories that..."

> +    created in this directory. Files and subdirectories that exist at the time
> +    this flag is set or cleared on the parent directory are not modified by
> +    this modification of the parent directory.
> +
> + 4. There exists dax mount options which can override FS_XFLAG_DAX in the
> +    setting of the S_DAX flag.  Given underlying storage which supports DAX the
> +    following hold.

"hold:"

> +
> +    "-o dax=inode"  means "follow FS_XFLAG_DAX" and is the default.
> +
> +    "-o dax=never"  means "never set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
> +
> +    "-o dax=always" means "always set S_DAX ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
> +
> +    "-o dax"        is a legacy option which is an alias for "dax=always".
> +		    This may be removed in the future so "-o dax=always" is
> +		    the preferred method for specifying this behavior.
> +
> +    NOTE: Setting and inheritance affect FS_XFLAG_DAX at all times even when
> +    the file system is mounted with a dax option.

We can also clear the flag at any time no matter the mount option state.
Perhaps:

"NOTE: Modifications to and inheritance behavior of FS_XFLAG_DAX remain
the same even when the filesystem is mounted with a dax option."

> +    However, in-core inode state
> +    (S_DAX) will be overridden until the file system is remounted with
> +    dax=inode and the inode is evicted from kernel memory.
> +
> + 5. The DAX policy can be changed via:

"The S_DAX policy".  I don't want people to get confused.

> +
> +    a) Set the parent directory FS_XFLAG_DAX as needed before files are created
> +
> +    b) Set the appropriate dax="foo" mount option
> +
> +    c) Change the FS_XFLAG_DAX on existing regular files and directories. This
> +       has runtime constraints and limitations that are described in 6) below.

"Setting", and "Changing" at the front of these three bullet points?

Were you to put these together as full sentences, you'd want them to
read "The DAX policy can be changed via setting the parent directory
FS_XFLAG_DAX..."

> +
> + 6. When changing the DAX policy via toggling the persistent FS_XFLAG_DAX flag,

"When changing the S_DAX policy..."

> +    the change in behaviour for existing regular files may not occur
> +    immediately.  If the change must take effect immediately, the administrator
> +    needs to:
> +
> +    a) stop the application so there are no active references to the data set
> +       the policy change will affect
> +
> +    b) evict the data set from kernel caches so it will be re-instantiated when
> +       the application is restarted. This can be acheived by:

"achieved"

> +
> +       i. drop-caches
> +       ii. a filesystem unmount and mount cycle
> +       iii. a system reboot
> +
> +
> +Details
> +-------
> +
> +There are 2 per-file dax flags.  One is a persistent inode setting (FS_XFLAG_DAX)
> +and the other is a volatile flag indicating the active state of the feature
> +(S_DAX).
> +
> +FS_XFLAG_DAX is preserved within the file system.  This persistent config
> +setting can be set, cleared and/or queried using the FS_IOC_FS[GS]ETXATTR ioctl
> +(see ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr(2)) or an utility such as 'xfs_io'.
> +
> +New files and directories automatically inherit FS_XFLAG_DAX from
> +their parent directory _when_ _created_.  Therefore, setting FS_XFLAG_DAX at
> +directory creation time can be used to set a default behavior for an entire
> +sub-tree.
> +
> +To clarify inheritance here are 3 examples:

"...inheritance, here are..."

> +
> +Example A:
> +
> +mkdir -p a/b/c
> +xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' a
> +mkdir a/b/c/d
> +mkdir a/e
> +
> +	dax: a,e
> +	no dax: b,c,d
> +
> +Example B:
> +
> +mkdir a
> +xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' a
> +mkdir -p a/b/c/d
> +
> +	dax: a,b,c,d
> +	no dax:
> +
> +Example C:
> +
> +mkdir -p a/b/c
> +xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' c
> +mkdir a/b/c/d
> +
> +	dax: c,d
> +	no dax: a,b
> +
> +
> +The current enabled state (S_DAX) is set when a file inode is instantiated in
> +memory by the kernel.  It is set based on the underlying media support, the
> +value of FS_XFLAG_DAX and the file systems dax mount option setting.

"...and the file system's dax mount option string."

> +
> +statx can be used to query S_DAX.  NOTE that a directory will never have S_DAX

"Note that only regular files will ever have S_DAX set..."?

--D

> +set and therefore statx will never indicate that S_DAX is set on directories.
> +
> +Setting the FS_XFLAG_DAX (specifically or through inheritance) occurs even if
> +the underlying media does not support dax and/or the file system is overridden
> +with a mount option.
> +
>  
>  
>  Implementation Tips for Block Driver Writers
> -- 
> 2.25.1
>
Ira Weiny April 28, 2020, 8:53 p.m. UTC | #2
On Tue, Apr 28, 2020 at 01:27:38PM -0700, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> On Mon, Apr 27, 2020 at 05:21:35PM -0700, ira.weiny@intel.com wrote:
> > From: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
> > 

[snip]

> > +
> > + 3. If the persistent FS_XFLAG_DAX flag is set on a directory, this flag will
> > +    be inherited by all regular files and sub directories that are subsequently
> 
> Well, I'm at the level of minor edits: "...and subdirectories that..."

Done.

> 
> > +    created in this directory. Files and subdirectories that exist at the time
> > +    this flag is set or cleared on the parent directory are not modified by
> > +    this modification of the parent directory.
> > +
> > + 4. There exists dax mount options which can override FS_XFLAG_DAX in the
> > +    setting of the S_DAX flag.  Given underlying storage which supports DAX the
> > +    following hold.
> 
> "hold:"

Dene.

> 
> > +
> > +    "-o dax=inode"  means "follow FS_XFLAG_DAX" and is the default.
> > +
> > +    "-o dax=never"  means "never set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
> > +
> > +    "-o dax=always" means "always set S_DAX ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
> > +
> > +    "-o dax"        is a legacy option which is an alias for "dax=always".
> > +		    This may be removed in the future so "-o dax=always" is
> > +		    the preferred method for specifying this behavior.
> > +
> > +    NOTE: Setting and inheritance affect FS_XFLAG_DAX at all times even when
> > +    the file system is mounted with a dax option.
> 
> We can also clear the flag at any time no matter the mount option state.
> Perhaps:
> 
> "NOTE: Modifications to and inheritance behavior of FS_XFLAG_DAX remain
> the same even when the filesystem is mounted with a dax option."

Done.

> 
> > +    However, in-core inode state
> > +    (S_DAX) will be overridden until the file system is remounted with
> > +    dax=inode and the inode is evicted from kernel memory.
> > +
> > + 5. The DAX policy can be changed via:
> 
> "The S_DAX policy".  I don't want people to get confused.

Done.

> 
> > +
> > +    a) Set the parent directory FS_XFLAG_DAX as needed before files are created
> > +
> > +    b) Set the appropriate dax="foo" mount option
> > +
> > +    c) Change the FS_XFLAG_DAX on existing regular files and directories. This
> > +       has runtime constraints and limitations that are described in 6) below.
> 
> "Setting", and "Changing" at the front of these three bullet points?
> 
> Were you to put these together as full sentences, you'd want them to
> read "The DAX policy can be changed via setting the parent directory
> FS_XFLAG_DAX..."
> 

Done.

> > +
> > + 6. When changing the DAX policy via toggling the persistent FS_XFLAG_DAX flag,
> 
> "When changing the S_DAX policy..."

Done.

> 
> > +    the change in behaviour for existing regular files may not occur
> > +    immediately.  If the change must take effect immediately, the administrator
> > +    needs to:
> > +
> > +    a) stop the application so there are no active references to the data set
> > +       the policy change will affect
> > +
> > +    b) evict the data set from kernel caches so it will be re-instantiated when
> > +       the application is restarted. This can be acheived by:
> 
> "achieved"

Done.

> 
> > +
> > +       i. drop-caches
> > +       ii. a filesystem unmount and mount cycle
> > +       iii. a system reboot
> > +
> > +
> > +Details
> > +-------
> > +
> > +There are 2 per-file dax flags.  One is a persistent inode setting (FS_XFLAG_DAX)
> > +and the other is a volatile flag indicating the active state of the feature
> > +(S_DAX).
> > +
> > +FS_XFLAG_DAX is preserved within the file system.  This persistent config
> > +setting can be set, cleared and/or queried using the FS_IOC_FS[GS]ETXATTR ioctl
> > +(see ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr(2)) or an utility such as 'xfs_io'.
> > +
> > +New files and directories automatically inherit FS_XFLAG_DAX from
> > +their parent directory _when_ _created_.  Therefore, setting FS_XFLAG_DAX at
> > +directory creation time can be used to set a default behavior for an entire
> > +sub-tree.
> > +
> > +To clarify inheritance here are 3 examples:
> 
> "...inheritance, here are..."

Done.

> 
> > +
> > +Example A:
> > +
> > +mkdir -p a/b/c
> > +xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' a
> > +mkdir a/b/c/d
> > +mkdir a/e
> > +
> > +	dax: a,e
> > +	no dax: b,c,d
> > +
> > +Example B:
> > +
> > +mkdir a
> > +xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' a
> > +mkdir -p a/b/c/d
> > +
> > +	dax: a,b,c,d
> > +	no dax:
> > +
> > +Example C:
> > +
> > +mkdir -p a/b/c
> > +xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' c
> > +mkdir a/b/c/d
> > +
> > +	dax: c,d
> > +	no dax: a,b
> > +
> > +
> > +The current enabled state (S_DAX) is set when a file inode is instantiated in
> > +memory by the kernel.  It is set based on the underlying media support, the
> > +value of FS_XFLAG_DAX and the file systems dax mount option setting.
> 
> "...and the file system's dax mount option string."

No. I don't think string is the right word here.  It is the setting not the
string which is controlling the behavior.  How about:

"...and the file system's dax mount option."

> 
> > +
> > +statx can be used to query S_DAX.  NOTE that a directory will never have S_DAX
> 
> "Note that only regular files will ever have S_DAX set..."?

Done.

Ira

> 
> --D
> 
> > +set and therefore statx will never indicate that S_DAX is set on directories.
> > +
> > +Setting the FS_XFLAG_DAX (specifically or through inheritance) occurs even if
> > +the underlying media does not support dax and/or the file system is overridden
> > +with a mount option.
> > +
> >  
> >  
> >  Implementation Tips for Block Driver Writers
> > -- 
> > 2.25.1
> >
Darrick J. Wong April 28, 2020, 9:12 p.m. UTC | #3
On Tue, Apr 28, 2020 at 01:53:10PM -0700, Ira Weiny wrote:
> On Tue, Apr 28, 2020 at 01:27:38PM -0700, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> > On Mon, Apr 27, 2020 at 05:21:35PM -0700, ira.weiny@intel.com wrote:
> > > From: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
> > > 
> 
> [snip]
> 
> > > +
> > > + 3. If the persistent FS_XFLAG_DAX flag is set on a directory, this flag will
> > > +    be inherited by all regular files and sub directories that are subsequently
> > 
> > Well, I'm at the level of minor edits: "...and subdirectories that..."
> 
> Done.
> 
> > 
> > > +    created in this directory. Files and subdirectories that exist at the time
> > > +    this flag is set or cleared on the parent directory are not modified by
> > > +    this modification of the parent directory.
> > > +
> > > + 4. There exists dax mount options which can override FS_XFLAG_DAX in the
> > > +    setting of the S_DAX flag.  Given underlying storage which supports DAX the
> > > +    following hold.
> > 
> > "hold:"
> 
> Dene.
> 
> > 
> > > +
> > > +    "-o dax=inode"  means "follow FS_XFLAG_DAX" and is the default.
> > > +
> > > +    "-o dax=never"  means "never set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
> > > +
> > > +    "-o dax=always" means "always set S_DAX ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
> > > +
> > > +    "-o dax"        is a legacy option which is an alias for "dax=always".
> > > +		    This may be removed in the future so "-o dax=always" is
> > > +		    the preferred method for specifying this behavior.
> > > +
> > > +    NOTE: Setting and inheritance affect FS_XFLAG_DAX at all times even when
> > > +    the file system is mounted with a dax option.
> > 
> > We can also clear the flag at any time no matter the mount option state.
> > Perhaps:
> > 
> > "NOTE: Modifications to and inheritance behavior of FS_XFLAG_DAX remain
> > the same even when the filesystem is mounted with a dax option."
> 
> Done.
> 
> > 
> > > +    However, in-core inode state
> > > +    (S_DAX) will be overridden until the file system is remounted with
> > > +    dax=inode and the inode is evicted from kernel memory.
> > > +
> > > + 5. The DAX policy can be changed via:
> > 
> > "The S_DAX policy".  I don't want people to get confused.
> 
> Done.
> 
> > 
> > > +
> > > +    a) Set the parent directory FS_XFLAG_DAX as needed before files are created
> > > +
> > > +    b) Set the appropriate dax="foo" mount option
> > > +
> > > +    c) Change the FS_XFLAG_DAX on existing regular files and directories. This
> > > +       has runtime constraints and limitations that are described in 6) below.
> > 
> > "Setting", and "Changing" at the front of these three bullet points?
> > 
> > Were you to put these together as full sentences, you'd want them to
> > read "The DAX policy can be changed via setting the parent directory
> > FS_XFLAG_DAX..."
> > 
> 
> Done.
> 
> > > +
> > > + 6. When changing the DAX policy via toggling the persistent FS_XFLAG_DAX flag,
> > 
> > "When changing the S_DAX policy..."
> 
> Done.
> 
> > 
> > > +    the change in behaviour for existing regular files may not occur
> > > +    immediately.  If the change must take effect immediately, the administrator
> > > +    needs to:
> > > +
> > > +    a) stop the application so there are no active references to the data set
> > > +       the policy change will affect
> > > +
> > > +    b) evict the data set from kernel caches so it will be re-instantiated when
> > > +       the application is restarted. This can be acheived by:
> > 
> > "achieved"
> 
> Done.
> 
> > 
> > > +
> > > +       i. drop-caches
> > > +       ii. a filesystem unmount and mount cycle
> > > +       iii. a system reboot
> > > +
> > > +
> > > +Details
> > > +-------
> > > +
> > > +There are 2 per-file dax flags.  One is a persistent inode setting (FS_XFLAG_DAX)
> > > +and the other is a volatile flag indicating the active state of the feature
> > > +(S_DAX).
> > > +
> > > +FS_XFLAG_DAX is preserved within the file system.  This persistent config
> > > +setting can be set, cleared and/or queried using the FS_IOC_FS[GS]ETXATTR ioctl
> > > +(see ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr(2)) or an utility such as 'xfs_io'.
> > > +
> > > +New files and directories automatically inherit FS_XFLAG_DAX from
> > > +their parent directory _when_ _created_.  Therefore, setting FS_XFLAG_DAX at
> > > +directory creation time can be used to set a default behavior for an entire
> > > +sub-tree.
> > > +
> > > +To clarify inheritance here are 3 examples:
> > 
> > "...inheritance, here are..."
> 
> Done.
> 
> > 
> > > +
> > > +Example A:
> > > +
> > > +mkdir -p a/b/c
> > > +xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' a
> > > +mkdir a/b/c/d
> > > +mkdir a/e
> > > +
> > > +	dax: a,e
> > > +	no dax: b,c,d
> > > +
> > > +Example B:
> > > +
> > > +mkdir a
> > > +xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' a
> > > +mkdir -p a/b/c/d
> > > +
> > > +	dax: a,b,c,d
> > > +	no dax:
> > > +
> > > +Example C:
> > > +
> > > +mkdir -p a/b/c
> > > +xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' c
> > > +mkdir a/b/c/d
> > > +
> > > +	dax: c,d
> > > +	no dax: a,b
> > > +
> > > +
> > > +The current enabled state (S_DAX) is set when a file inode is instantiated in
> > > +memory by the kernel.  It is set based on the underlying media support, the
> > > +value of FS_XFLAG_DAX and the file systems dax mount option setting.
> > 
> > "...and the file system's dax mount option string."
> 
> No. I don't think string is the right word here.  It is the setting not the
> string which is controlling the behavior.  How about:
> 
> "...and the file system's dax mount option."

Oops.  I miscopied that; all I really wanted was the apostrophe-s after
"file system".

"...and the file system's dax mount option setting."

would have been fine.

--D

> 
> > 
> > > +
> > > +statx can be used to query S_DAX.  NOTE that a directory will never have S_DAX
> > 
> > "Note that only regular files will ever have S_DAX set..."?
> 
> Done.
> 
> Ira
> 
> > 
> > --D
> > 
> > > +set and therefore statx will never indicate that S_DAX is set on directories.
> > > +
> > > +Setting the FS_XFLAG_DAX (specifically or through inheritance) occurs even if
> > > +the underlying media does not support dax and/or the file system is overridden
> > > +with a mount option.
> > > +
> > >  
> > >  
> > >  Implementation Tips for Block Driver Writers
> > > -- 
> > > 2.25.1
> > >
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
index 679729442fd2..409e4e83e46a 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
@@ -17,11 +17,144 @@  For file mappings, the storage device is mapped directly into userspace.
 Usage
 -----
 
-If you have a block device which supports DAX, you can make a filesystem
+If you have a block device which supports DAX, you can make a file system
 on it as usual.  The DAX code currently only supports files with a block
 size equal to your kernel's PAGE_SIZE, so you may need to specify a block
-size when creating the filesystem.  When mounting it, use the "-o dax"
-option on the command line or add 'dax' to the options in /etc/fstab.
+size when creating the file system.
+
+Currently 3 filesystems support DAX: ext2, ext4 and xfs.  Enabling DAX on them
+is different.
+
+Enabling DAX on ext4 and ext2
+-----------------------------
+
+When mounting the filesystem, use the "-o dax" option on the command line or
+add 'dax' to the options in /etc/fstab.  This works to enable DAX on all files
+within the filesystem.  It is equivalent to the '-o dax=always' behavior below.
+
+
+Enabling DAX on xfs
+-------------------
+
+Summary
+-------
+
+ 1. There exists an in-kernel file access mode flag S_DAX that corresponds to
+    the statx flag STATX_ATTR_DAX.  See the manpage for statx(2) for details
+    about this access mode.
+
+ 2. There exists a persistent flag FS_XFLAG_DAX that can be applied to regular
+    files and directories. This advisory flag can be set or cleared at any
+    time, but doing so does not immediately affect the S_DAX state.
+
+ 3. If the persistent FS_XFLAG_DAX flag is set on a directory, this flag will
+    be inherited by all regular files and sub directories that are subsequently
+    created in this directory. Files and subdirectories that exist at the time
+    this flag is set or cleared on the parent directory are not modified by
+    this modification of the parent directory.
+
+ 4. There exists dax mount options which can override FS_XFLAG_DAX in the
+    setting of the S_DAX flag.  Given underlying storage which supports DAX the
+    following hold.
+
+    "-o dax=inode"  means "follow FS_XFLAG_DAX" and is the default.
+
+    "-o dax=never"  means "never set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
+
+    "-o dax=always" means "always set S_DAX ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
+
+    "-o dax"        is a legacy option which is an alias for "dax=always".
+		    This may be removed in the future so "-o dax=always" is
+		    the preferred method for specifying this behavior.
+
+    NOTE: Setting and inheritance affect FS_XFLAG_DAX at all times even when
+    the file system is mounted with a dax option.  However, in-core inode state
+    (S_DAX) will be overridden until the file system is remounted with
+    dax=inode and the inode is evicted from kernel memory.
+
+ 5. The DAX policy can be changed via:
+
+    a) Set the parent directory FS_XFLAG_DAX as needed before files are created
+
+    b) Set the appropriate dax="foo" mount option
+
+    c) Change the FS_XFLAG_DAX on existing regular files and directories. This
+       has runtime constraints and limitations that are described in 6) below.
+
+ 6. When changing the DAX policy via toggling the persistent FS_XFLAG_DAX flag,
+    the change in behaviour for existing regular files may not occur
+    immediately.  If the change must take effect immediately, the administrator
+    needs to:
+
+    a) stop the application so there are no active references to the data set
+       the policy change will affect
+
+    b) evict the data set from kernel caches so it will be re-instantiated when
+       the application is restarted. This can be acheived by:
+
+       i. drop-caches
+       ii. a filesystem unmount and mount cycle
+       iii. a system reboot
+
+
+Details
+-------
+
+There are 2 per-file dax flags.  One is a persistent inode setting (FS_XFLAG_DAX)
+and the other is a volatile flag indicating the active state of the feature
+(S_DAX).
+
+FS_XFLAG_DAX is preserved within the file system.  This persistent config
+setting can be set, cleared and/or queried using the FS_IOC_FS[GS]ETXATTR ioctl
+(see ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr(2)) or an utility such as 'xfs_io'.
+
+New files and directories automatically inherit FS_XFLAG_DAX from
+their parent directory _when_ _created_.  Therefore, setting FS_XFLAG_DAX at
+directory creation time can be used to set a default behavior for an entire
+sub-tree.
+
+To clarify inheritance here are 3 examples:
+
+Example A:
+
+mkdir -p a/b/c
+xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' a
+mkdir a/b/c/d
+mkdir a/e
+
+	dax: a,e
+	no dax: b,c,d
+
+Example B:
+
+mkdir a
+xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' a
+mkdir -p a/b/c/d
+
+	dax: a,b,c,d
+	no dax:
+
+Example C:
+
+mkdir -p a/b/c
+xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' c
+mkdir a/b/c/d
+
+	dax: c,d
+	no dax: a,b
+
+
+The current enabled state (S_DAX) is set when a file inode is instantiated in
+memory by the kernel.  It is set based on the underlying media support, the
+value of FS_XFLAG_DAX and the file systems dax mount option setting.
+
+statx can be used to query S_DAX.  NOTE that a directory will never have S_DAX
+set and therefore statx will never indicate that S_DAX is set on directories.
+
+Setting the FS_XFLAG_DAX (specifically or through inheritance) occurs even if
+the underlying media does not support dax and/or the file system is overridden
+with a mount option.
+
 
 
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