diff mbox

[-V4] ext4: Use an rbtree for tracking blocks freed during transaction.

Message ID 20081014031225.GC9332@mit.edu
State Accepted, archived
Headers show

Commit Message

Theodore Y. Ts'o Oct. 14, 2008, 3:12 a.m. UTC
On Mon, Oct 13, 2008 at 03:54:06PM -0400, Theodore Tso wrote:
> So we have two choices; one is that we change ext4_mb_free_metadata()
> to break up freed extents into block group chunks, 

Never mind.  I took a closer look and realized that
ext4_mb_free_blocks is already breaking up extents that span multiple
block groups.

So the only thing we need is the change to avoid merging freed extents
that cross block groups, per my patch.  I've updated the patch queue
with such a fix so I can better test things out.

Aneesh, can you look and see if this makes sense?

						- Ted

ext4: Use an rbtree for tracking blocks freed during transaction.

From: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

With this patch we track the block freed during a transaction using
rb tree. We also make sure contiguous blocks freed are collected
in one rb node.

Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
---
 fs/ext4/mballoc.c |  184 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
 fs/ext4/mballoc.h |   23 +++++--
 2 files changed, 134 insertions(+), 73 deletions(-)

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Comments

Aneesh Kumar K.V Oct. 14, 2008, 6:47 a.m. UTC | #1
On Mon, Oct 13, 2008 at 11:12:25PM -0400, Theodore Tso wrote:
> On Mon, Oct 13, 2008 at 03:54:06PM -0400, Theodore Tso wrote:
> > So we have two choices; one is that we change ext4_mb_free_metadata()
> > to break up freed extents into block group chunks, 
> 
> Never mind.  I took a closer look and realized that
> ext4_mb_free_blocks is already breaking up extents that span multiple
> block groups.
> 
> So the only thing we need is the change to avoid merging freed extents
> that cross block groups, per my patch.  I've updated the patch queue
> with such a fix so I can better test things out.
> 
> Aneesh, can you look and see if this makes sense?

Yes the patch looks fine. Some changes I made on top of this is below
I have sent the patch -V5 with the above changes

> 
> 						- Ted
> 
> ext4: Use an rbtree for tracking blocks freed during transaction.
> 
> From: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> 
> With this patch we track the block freed during a transaction using
> rb tree. We also make sure contiguous blocks freed are collected
> in one rb node.
> 

.......

> 
> +/*
> + * We can merge two free data extents of the physical blocks

s/of the/only if the/

> + * are contiguous, AND the extents were freed by the same transaction, 
> + * AND the blocks are associated with the same group.
> + */
> +static int can_merge(struct ext4_free_data *entry1,
> +			struct ext4_free_data *entry2)
> +{
> +	if ((entry1->t_tid == entry2->t_tid) &&
> +	    (entry1->group == entry2->group) &&
> +	    (entry1->start_blk + entry1->count) == entry2->start_blk)
> +		return 1;
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
......

> +++ b/fs/ext4/mballoc.h
> @@ -98,23 +98,34 @@
> 
>  static struct kmem_cache *ext4_pspace_cachep;
>  static struct kmem_cache *ext4_ac_cachep;
> +static struct kmem_cache *ext4_free_ext_cachep;
> 
>  #ifdef EXT4_BB_MAX_BLOCKS
>  #undef EXT4_BB_MAX_BLOCKS
>  #endif
>  #define EXT4_BB_MAX_BLOCKS	30
> 

We don't need the above define.

> -struct ext4_free_metadata {
> -	ext4_group_t group;
> -	unsigned short num;
> -	ext4_grpblk_t  blocks[EXT4_BB_MAX_BLOCKS];
> +struct ext4_free_data {
> +	/* this links the free block information from group_info */
> +	struct rb_node node;
> +
> +	/* this links the free block information from ext4_sb_info */
>  	struct list_head list;
> +
> +	/* group which free block extent belongs */
> +	ext4_group_t group;
> +
> +	/* free block extent */
> +	ext4_grpblk_t start_blk;
> +	ext4_grpblk_t count;
> +
> +	/* transaction which freed this extent */
> +	tid_t	t_tid;
>  };
> 
>  struct ext4_group_info {
>  	unsigned long	bb_state;
> -	unsigned long	bb_tid;
> -	struct ext4_free_metadata *bb_md_cur;
> +	struct rb_root  bb_free_root;
>  	unsigned short	bb_first_free;
>  	unsigned short	bb_free;
>  	unsigned short	bb_fragments;
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diff mbox

Patch

diff --git a/fs/ext4/mballoc.c b/fs/ext4/mballoc.c
index 154f8de..1ba9586 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/mballoc.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/mballoc.c
@@ -2300,6 +2300,7 @@  int ext4_mb_add_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group,
 	}
 
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&meta_group_info[i]->bb_prealloc_list);
+	meta_group_info[i]->bb_free_root.rb_node = NULL;;
 
 #ifdef DOUBLE_CHECK
 	{
@@ -2647,13 +2648,11 @@  int ext4_mb_release(struct super_block *sb)
 static noinline_for_stack void
 ext4_mb_free_committed_blocks(struct super_block *sb)
 {
-	struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
-	int err;
-	int i;
-	int count = 0;
-	int count2 = 0;
-	struct ext4_free_metadata *md;
 	struct ext4_buddy e4b;
+	struct ext4_group_info *db;
+	struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
+	int err, count = 0, count2 = 0;
+	struct ext4_free_data *entry;
 
 	if (list_empty(&sbi->s_committed_transaction))
 		return;
@@ -2661,44 +2660,46 @@  ext4_mb_free_committed_blocks(struct super_block *sb)
 	/* there is committed blocks to be freed yet */
 	do {
 		/* get next array of blocks */
-		md = NULL;
+		entry = NULL;
 		spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
 		if (!list_empty(&sbi->s_committed_transaction)) {
-			md = list_entry(sbi->s_committed_transaction.next,
-					struct ext4_free_metadata, list);
-			list_del(&md->list);
+			entry = list_entry(sbi->s_committed_transaction.next,
+					struct ext4_free_data, list);
+			list_del(&entry->list);
 		}
 		spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
 
-		if (md == NULL)
+		if (entry == NULL)
 			break;
 
 		mb_debug("gonna free %u blocks in group %lu (0x%p):",
-				md->num, md->group, md);
+				entry->count, entry->group, entry);
 
-		err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, md->group, &e4b);
+		err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, entry->group, &e4b);
 		/* we expect to find existing buddy because it's pinned */
 		BUG_ON(err != 0);
 
+		db = e4b.bd_info;
 		/* there are blocks to put in buddy to make them really free */
-		count += md->num;
+		count += entry->count;
 		count2++;
-		ext4_lock_group(sb, md->group);
-		for (i = 0; i < md->num; i++) {
-			mb_debug(" %u", md->blocks[i]);
-			mb_free_blocks(NULL, &e4b, md->blocks[i], 1);
+		ext4_lock_group(sb, entry->group);
+		/* Take it out of per group rb tree */
+		rb_erase(&entry->node, &(db->bb_free_root));
+		mb_free_blocks(NULL, &e4b, entry->start_blk, entry->count);
+
+		if (!db->bb_free_root.rb_node) {
+			/* No more items in the per group rb tree
+			 * balance refcounts from ext4_mb_free_metadata()
+			 */
+			page_cache_release(e4b.bd_buddy_page);
+			page_cache_release(e4b.bd_bitmap_page);
 		}
-		mb_debug("\n");
-		ext4_unlock_group(sb, md->group);
-
-		/* balance refcounts from ext4_mb_free_metadata() */
-		page_cache_release(e4b.bd_buddy_page);
-		page_cache_release(e4b.bd_bitmap_page);
+		ext4_unlock_group(sb, entry->group);
 
-		kfree(md);
+		kmem_cache_free(ext4_free_ext_cachep, entry);
 		ext4_mb_release_desc(&e4b);
-
-	} while (md);
+	} while (1);
 
 	mb_debug("freed %u blocks in %u structures\n", count, count2);
 }
@@ -2771,6 +2772,16 @@  int __init init_ext4_mballoc(void)
 		kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_pspace_cachep);
 		return -ENOMEM;
 	}
+
+	ext4_free_ext_cachep =
+		kmem_cache_create("ext4_free_block_extents",
+				     sizeof(struct ext4_free_data),
+				     0, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT, NULL);
+	if (ext4_free_ext_cachep == NULL) {
+		kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_pspace_cachep);
+		kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_ac_cachep);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -2779,6 +2790,7 @@  void exit_ext4_mballoc(void)
 	/* XXX: synchronize_rcu(); */
 	kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_pspace_cachep);
 	kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_ac_cachep);
+	kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_free_ext_cachep);
 }
 
 
@@ -4415,6 +4427,21 @@  static void ext4_mb_poll_new_transaction(struct super_block *sb,
 	ext4_mb_free_committed_blocks(sb);
 }
 
+/*
+ * We can merge two free data extents of the physical blocks
+ * are contiguous, AND the extents were freed by the same transaction, 
+ * AND the blocks are associated with the same group.
+ */
+static int can_merge(struct ext4_free_data *entry1,
+			struct ext4_free_data *entry2)
+{
+	if ((entry1->t_tid == entry2->t_tid) &&
+	    (entry1->group == entry2->group) &&
+	    (entry1->start_blk + entry1->count) == entry2->start_blk)
+		return 1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static noinline_for_stack int
 ext4_mb_free_metadata(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_buddy *e4b,
 			  ext4_group_t group, ext4_grpblk_t block, int count)
@@ -4422,57 +4449,80 @@  ext4_mb_free_metadata(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_buddy *e4b,
 	struct ext4_group_info *db = e4b->bd_info;
 	struct super_block *sb = e4b->bd_sb;
 	struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
-	struct ext4_free_metadata *md;
-	int i;
+	struct ext4_free_data *entry, *new_entry;
+	struct rb_node **n = &db->bb_free_root.rb_node, *node;
+	struct rb_node *parent = NULL, *new_node;
+
 
 	BUG_ON(e4b->bd_bitmap_page == NULL);
 	BUG_ON(e4b->bd_buddy_page == NULL);
 
+	new_entry  = kmem_cache_alloc(ext4_free_ext_cachep, GFP_NOFS);
+	new_entry->start_blk = block;
+	new_entry->group  = group;
+	new_entry->count = count;
+	new_entry->t_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid;
+	new_node = &new_entry->node;
+
 	ext4_lock_group(sb, group);
-	for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
-		md = db->bb_md_cur;
-		if (md && db->bb_tid != handle->h_transaction->t_tid) {
-			db->bb_md_cur = NULL;
-			md = NULL;
+	if (!*n) {
+		/* first free block exent. We need to
+		   protect buddy cache from being freed,
+		 * otherwise we'll refresh it from
+		 * on-disk bitmap and lose not-yet-available
+		 * blocks */
+		page_cache_get(e4b->bd_buddy_page);
+		page_cache_get(e4b->bd_bitmap_page);
+	}
+	while (*n) {
+		parent = *n;
+		entry = rb_entry(parent, struct ext4_free_data, node);
+		if (block < entry->start_blk)
+			n = &(*n)->rb_left;
+		else if (block >= (entry->start_blk + entry->count))
+			n = &(*n)->rb_right;
+		else {
+			ext4_error(sb, __func__,
+			    "Double free of blocks %d (%d %d)\n",
+			    block, entry->start_blk, entry->count);
+			return 0;
 		}
+	}
 
-		if (md == NULL) {
-			ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
-			md = kmalloc(sizeof(*md), GFP_NOFS);
-			if (md == NULL)
-				return -ENOMEM;
-			md->num = 0;
-			md->group = group;
-
-			ext4_lock_group(sb, group);
-			if (db->bb_md_cur == NULL) {
-				spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
-				list_add(&md->list, &sbi->s_active_transaction);
-				spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
-				/* protect buddy cache from being freed,
-				 * otherwise we'll refresh it from
-				 * on-disk bitmap and lose not-yet-available
-				 * blocks */
-				page_cache_get(e4b->bd_buddy_page);
-				page_cache_get(e4b->bd_bitmap_page);
-				db->bb_md_cur = md;
-				db->bb_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid;
-				mb_debug("new md 0x%p for group %lu\n",
-						md, md->group);
-			} else {
-				kfree(md);
-				md = db->bb_md_cur;
-			}
+	rb_link_node(new_node, parent, n);
+	rb_insert_color(new_node, &db->bb_free_root);
+
+	/* Now try to see the extent can be merged to left and right */
+	node = rb_prev(new_node);
+	if (node) {
+		entry = rb_entry(node, struct ext4_free_data, node);
+		if (can_merge(entry, new_entry)) {
+			new_entry->start_blk = entry->start_blk;
+			new_entry->count += entry->count;
+			rb_erase(node, &(db->bb_free_root));
+			spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
+			list_del(&entry->list);
+			spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
+			kmem_cache_free(ext4_free_ext_cachep, entry);
 		}
+	}
 
-		BUG_ON(md->num >= EXT4_BB_MAX_BLOCKS);
-		md->blocks[md->num] = block + i;
-		md->num++;
-		if (md->num == EXT4_BB_MAX_BLOCKS) {
-			/* no more space, put full container on a sb's list */
-			db->bb_md_cur = NULL;
+	node = rb_next(new_node);
+	if (node) {
+		entry = rb_entry(node, struct ext4_free_data, node);
+		if (can_merge(new_entry, entry)) {
+			new_entry->count += entry->count;
+			rb_erase(node, &(db->bb_free_root));
+			spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
+			list_del(&entry->list);
+			spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
+			kmem_cache_free(ext4_free_ext_cachep, entry);
 		}
 	}
+	/* Add the extent to active_transaction list */
+	spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
+	list_add(&new_entry->list, &sbi->s_active_transaction);
+	spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
 	ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/fs/ext4/mballoc.h b/fs/ext4/mballoc.h
index b3b4828..23e08e5 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/mballoc.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/mballoc.h
@@ -98,23 +98,34 @@ 
 
 static struct kmem_cache *ext4_pspace_cachep;
 static struct kmem_cache *ext4_ac_cachep;
+static struct kmem_cache *ext4_free_ext_cachep;
 
 #ifdef EXT4_BB_MAX_BLOCKS
 #undef EXT4_BB_MAX_BLOCKS
 #endif
 #define EXT4_BB_MAX_BLOCKS	30
 
-struct ext4_free_metadata {
-	ext4_group_t group;
-	unsigned short num;
-	ext4_grpblk_t  blocks[EXT4_BB_MAX_BLOCKS];
+struct ext4_free_data {
+	/* this links the free block information from group_info */
+	struct rb_node node;
+
+	/* this links the free block information from ext4_sb_info */
 	struct list_head list;
+
+	/* group which free block extent belongs */
+	ext4_group_t group;
+
+	/* free block extent */
+	ext4_grpblk_t start_blk;
+	ext4_grpblk_t count;
+
+	/* transaction which freed this extent */
+	tid_t	t_tid;
 };
 
 struct ext4_group_info {
 	unsigned long	bb_state;
-	unsigned long	bb_tid;
-	struct ext4_free_metadata *bb_md_cur;
+	struct rb_root  bb_free_root;
 	unsigned short	bb_first_free;
 	unsigned short	bb_free;
 	unsigned short	bb_fragments;