diff mbox series

[S54,01/14] Documentation: ice: update documentation

Message ID 20201121003938.48514-1-anthony.l.nguyen@intel.com
State Under Review
Delegated to: Anthony Nguyen
Headers show
Series [S54,01/14] Documentation: ice: update documentation | expand

Commit Message

Tony Nguyen Nov. 21, 2020, 12:39 a.m. UTC
The ice documentation has not been updated since the initial commits of the
driver. Update the documentation with features and information that are now
available.

Signed-off-by: Tony Nguyen <anthony.l.nguyen@intel.com>
---
 .../device_drivers/ethernet/intel/ice.rst     | 1027 ++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 1006 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/ethernet/intel/ice.rst b/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/ethernet/intel/ice.rst
index ee43ea57d443..ed6555c8b541 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/ethernet/intel/ice.rst
+++ b/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/ethernet/intel/ice.rst
@@ -1,46 +1,1031 @@ 
 .. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
 
-==================================================================
-Linux Base Driver for the Intel(R) Ethernet Connection E800 Series
-==================================================================
+=================================================================
+Linux Base Driver for the Intel(R) Ethernet Controller 800 Series
+=================================================================
 
 Intel ice Linux driver.
-Copyright(c) 2018 Intel Corporation.
+Copyright(c) 2018-2020 Intel Corporation.
 
 Contents
 ========
 
-- Enabling the driver
-- Support
+- Overview
+- Identifying Your Adapter
+- Important Notes
+- Additional Features & Configurations
+- Performance Optimization
 
-The driver in this release supports Intel's E800 Series of products. For
-more information, visit Intel's support page at https://support.intel.com.
 
-Enabling the driver
-===================
-The driver is enabled via the standard kernel configuration system,
-using the make command::
+The associated Virtual Function (VF) driver for this driver is iavf.
 
-  make oldconfig/menuconfig/etc.
+Driver information can be obtained using ethtool and lspci.
 
-The driver is located in the menu structure at:
+For questions related to hardware requirements, refer to the documentation
+supplied with your Intel adapter. All hardware requirements listed apply to use
+with Linux.
+
+This driver supports XDP (Express Data Path) and AF_XDP zero-copy. Note that
+XDP is blocked for frame sizes larger than 3KB.
+
+
+Identifying Your Adapter
+========================
+For information on how to identify your adapter, and for the latest Intel
+network drivers, refer to the Intel Support website:
+https://www.intel.com/support
+
+
+Important Notes
+===============
+
+Packet drops may occur under receive stress
+-------------------------------------------
+Devices based on the Intel(R) Ethernet Controller 800 Series are designed to
+tolerate a limited amount of system latency during PCIe and DMA transactions.
+If these transactions take longer than the tolerated latency, it can impact the
+length of time the packets are buffered in the device and associated memory,
+which may result in dropped packets. These packets drops typically do not have
+a noticeable impact on throughput and performance under standard workloads.
+
+If these packet drops appear to affect your workload, the following may improve
+the situation:
+
+1) Make sure that your system's physical memory is in a high-performance
+   configuration, as recommended by the platform vendor. A common
+   recommendation is for all channels to be populated with a single DIMM
+   module.
+2) In your system's BIOS/UEFI settings, select the "Performance" profile.
+3) Your distribution may provide tools like "tuned," which can help tweak
+   kernel settings to achieve better standard settings for different workloads.
+
+
+Configuring SR-IOV for improved network security
+------------------------------------------------
+In a virtualized environment, on Intel(R) Ethernet Network Adapters that
+support SR-IOV, the virtual function (VF) may be subject to malicious behavior.
+Software-generated layer two frames, like IEEE 802.3x (link flow control), IEEE
+802.1Qbb (priority based flow-control), and others of this type, are not
+expected and can throttle traffic between the host and the virtual switch,
+reducing performance. To resolve this issue, and to ensure isolation from
+unintended traffic streams, configure all SR-IOV enabled ports for VLAN tagging
+from the administrative interface on the PF. This configuration allows
+unexpected, and potentially malicious, frames to be dropped.
+
+See "Configuring VLAN Tagging on SR-IOV Enabled Adapter Ports" later in this
+README for configuration instructions.
+
+
+Do not unload port driver if VF with active VM is bound to it
+-------------------------------------------------------------
+Do not unload a port's driver if a Virtual Function (VF) with an active Virtual
+Machine (VM) is bound to it. Doing so will cause the port to appear to hang.
+Once the VM shuts down, or otherwise releases the VF, the command will
+complete.
+
+
+Important notes for SR-IOV and Link Aggregation
+-----------------------------------------------
+Link Aggregation is mutually exclusive with SR-IOV.
+
+- If Link Aggregation is active, SR-IOV VFs cannot be created on the PF.
+- If SR-IOV is active, you cannot set up Link Aggregation on the interface.
+
+Bridging and MACVLAN are also affected by this. If you wish to use bridging or
+MACVLAN with SR-IOV, you must set up bridging or MACVLAN before enabling
+SR-IOV. If you are using bridging or MACVLAN in conjunction with SR-IOV, and
+you want to remove the interface from the bridge or MACVLAN, you must follow
+these steps:
+
+1. Destroy SR-IOV VFs if they exist
+2. Remove the interface from the bridge or MACVLAN
+3. Recreate SRIOV VFs as needed
+
+
+Additional Features and Configurations
+======================================
+
+ethtool
+-------
+The driver utilizes the ethtool interface for driver configuration and
+diagnostics, as well as displaying statistical information. The latest ethtool
+version is required for this functionality. Download it at:
+https://kernel.org/pub/software/network/ethtool/
+
+NOTE: The rx_bytes value of ethtool does not match the rx_bytes value of
+Netdev, due to the 4-byte CRC being stripped by the device. The difference
+between the two rx_bytes values will be 4 x the number of Rx packets. For
+example, if Rx packets are 10 and Netdev (software statistics) displays
+rx_bytes as "X", then ethtool (hardware statistics) will display rx_bytes as
+"X+40" (4 bytes CRC x 10 packets).
+
+
+Viewing Link Messages
+---------------------
+Link messages will not be displayed to the console if the distribution is
+restricting system messages. In order to see network driver link messages on
+your console, set dmesg to eight by entering the following::
+
+  # dmesg -n 8
+
+NOTE: This setting is not saved across reboots.
+
+
+Dynamic Device Personalization
+------------------------------
+Dynamic Device Personalization (DDP) allows you to change the packet processing
+pipeline of a device by applying a profile package to the device at runtime.
+Profiles can be used to, for example, add support for new protocols, change
+existing protocols, or change default settings. DDP profiles can also be rolled
+back without rebooting the system.
+
+The DDP package loads during device initialization. The driver looks for
+``intel/ice/ddp/ice.pkg`` in your firmware root (typically ``/lib/firmware/``
+or ``/lib/firmware/updates/``) and checks that it contains a valid DDP package
+file.
+
+NOTE: Your distribution should likely have provided the latest DDP file, but if
+ice.pkg is missing, you can find it in the linux-firmware repository or from
+intel.com.
+
+If the driver is unable to load the DDP package, the device will enter Safe
+Mode. Safe Mode disables advanced and performance features and supports only
+basic traffic and minimal functionality, such as updating the NVM or
+downloading a new driver or DDP package. Safe Mode only applies to the affected
+physical function and does not impact any other PFs. See the "Intel(R) Ethernet
+Adapters and Devices User Guide" for more details on DDP and Safe Mode.
+
+NOTES:
+
+- If you encounter issues with the DDP package file, you may need to download
+  an updated driver or DDP package file. See the log messages for more
+  information.
+
+- The ice.pkg file is a symbolic link to the default DDP package file.
+
+- You cannot update the DDP package if any PF drivers are already loaded. To
+  overwrite a package, unload all PFs and then reload the driver with the new
+  package.
+
+- Only the first loaded PF per device can download a package for that device.
+
+You can install specific DDP package files for different physical devices in
+the same system. To install a specific DDP package file:
+
+1. Download the DDP package file you want for your device.
+
+2. Rename the file ice-xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pkg, where 'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx' is the
+   unique 64-bit PCI Express device serial number (in hex) of the device you
+   want the package downloaded on. The filename must include the complete
+   serial number (including leading zeros) and be all lowercase. For example,
+   if the 64-bit serial number is b887a3ffffca0568, then the file name would be
+   ice-b887a3ffffca0568.pkg.
+
+   To find the serial number from the PCI bus address, you can use the
+   following command::
+
+     # lspci -vv -s af:00.0 | grep -i Serial
+     Capabilities: [150 v1] Device Serial Number b8-87-a3-ff-ff-ca-05-68
+
+   You can use the following command to format the serial number without the
+   dashes::
+
+     # lspci -vv -s af:00.0 | grep -i Serial | awk '{print $7}' | sed s/-//g
+     b887a3ffffca0568
+
+3. Copy the renamed DDP package file to
+   ``/lib/firmware/updates/intel/ice/ddp/``. If the directory does not yet
+   exist, create it before copying the file.
+
+4. Unload all of the PFs on the device.
+
+5. Reload the driver with the new package.
+
+NOTE: The presence of a device-specific DDP package file overrides the loading
+of the default DDP package file (ice.pkg).
+
+
+Intel(R) Ethernet Flow Director
+-------------------------------
+The Intel Ethernet Flow Director performs the following tasks:
+
+- Directs receive packets according to their flows to different queues
+- Enables tight control on routing a flow in the platform
+- Matches flows and CPU cores for flow affinity
+
+NOTE: This driver supports the following flow types:
+
+- IPv4
+- TCPv4
+- UDPv4
+- SCTPv4
+- IPv6
+- TCPv6
+- UDPv6
+- SCTPv6
+
+Each flow type supports valid combinations of IP addresses (source or
+destination) and UDP/TCP/SCTP ports (source and destination). You can supply
+only a source IP address, a source IP address and a destination port, or any
+combination of one or more of these four parameters.
+
+NOTE: This driver allows you to filter traffic based on a user-defined flexible
+two-byte pattern and offset by using the ethtool user-def and mask fields. Only
+L3 and L4 flow types are supported for user-defined flexible filters. For a
+given flow type, you must clear all Intel Ethernet Flow Director filters before
+changing the input set (for that flow type).
+
+
+Flow Director Filters
+---------------------
+Flow Director filters are used to direct traffic that matches specified
+characteristics. They are enabled through ethtool's ntuple interface. To enable
+or disable the Intel Ethernet Flow Director and these filters::
+
+  # ethtool -K <ethX> ntuple <off|on>
+
+NOTE: When you disable ntuple filters, all the user programmed filters are
+flushed from the driver cache and hardware. All needed filters must be re-added
+when ntuple is re-enabled.
+
+To display all of the active filters::
+
+  # ethtool -u <ethX>
+
+To add a new filter::
+
+  # ethtool -U <ethX> flow-type <type> src-ip <ip> [m <ip_mask>] dst-ip <ip>
+  [m <ip_mask>] src-port <port> [m <port_mask>] dst-port <port> [m <port_mask>]
+  action <queue>
+
+  Where:
+    <ethX> - the Ethernet device to program
+    <type> - can be ip4, tcp4, udp4, sctp4, ip6, tcp6, udp6, sctp6
+    <ip> - the IP address to match on
+    <ip_mask> - the IPv4 address to mask on
+              NOTE: These filters use inverted masks.
+    <port> - the port number to match on
+    <port_mask> - the 16-bit integer for masking
+              NOTE: These filters use inverted masks.
+    <queue> - the queue to direct traffic toward (-1 discards the
+              matched traffic)
+
+To delete a filter::
+
+  # ethtool -U <ethX> delete <N>
+
+  Where <N> is the filter ID displayed when printing all the active filters,
+  and may also have been specified using "loc <N>" when adding the filter.
+
+EXAMPLES:
+
+To add a filter that directs packet to queue 2::
+
+  # ethtool -U <ethX> flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.10.1 dst-ip \
+  192.168.10.2 src-port 2000 dst-port 2001 action 2 [loc 1]
+
+To set a filter using only the source and destination IP address::
+
+  # ethtool -U <ethX> flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.10.1 dst-ip \
+  192.168.10.2 action 2 [loc 1]
+
+To set a filter based on a user-defined pattern and offset::
+
+  # ethtool -U <ethX> flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.10.1 dst-ip \
+  192.168.10.2 user-def 0x4FFFF action 2 [loc 1]
+
+  where the value of the user-def field contains the offset (4 bytes) and
+  the pattern (0xffff).
+
+To match TCP traffic sent from 192.168.0.1, port 5300, directed to 192.168.0.5,
+port 80, and then send it to queue 7::
+
+  # ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.0.1 dst-ip 192.168.0.5
+  src-port 5300 dst-port 80 action 7
+
+To add a TCPv4 filter with a partial mask for a source IP subnet::
+
+  # ethtool -U <ethX> flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.0.0 m 0.255.255.255 dst-ip
+  192.168.5.12 src-port 12600 dst-port 31 action 12
+
+NOTES:
+
+For each flow-type, the programmed filters must all have the same matching
+input set. For example, issuing the following two commands is acceptable::
+
+  # ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type ip4 src-ip 192.168.0.1 src-port 5300 action 7
+  # ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type ip4 src-ip 192.168.0.5 src-port 55 action 10
+
+Issuing the next two commands, however, is not acceptable, since the first
+specifies src-ip and the second specifies dst-ip::
+
+  # ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type ip4 src-ip 192.168.0.1 src-port 5300 action 7
+  # ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type ip4 dst-ip 192.168.0.5 src-port 55 action 10
+
+The second command will fail with an error. You may program multiple filters
+with the same fields, using different values, but, on one device, you may not
+program two tcp4 filters with different matching fields.
+
+The ice driver does not support matching on a subportion of a field, thus
+partial mask fields are not supported.
+
+
+Flex Byte Flow Director Filters
+-------------------------------
+The driver also supports matching user-defined data within the packet payload.
+This flexible data is specified using the "user-def" field of the ethtool
+command in the following way:
+
+.. table::
+
+    ============================== ============================
+    ``31    28    24    20    16`` ``15    12    8    4    0``
+    ``offset into packet payload`` ``2 bytes of flexible data``
+    ============================== ============================
+
+For example,
+
+::
+
+  ... user-def 0x4FFFF ...
+
+tells the filter to look 4 bytes into the payload and match that value against
+0xFFFF. The offset is based on the beginning of the payload, and not the
+beginning of the packet. Thus
+
+::
+
+  flow-type tcp4 ... user-def 0x8BEAF ...
+
+would match TCP/IPv4 packets which have the value 0xBEAF 8 bytes into the
+TCP/IPv4 payload.
+
+Note that ICMP headers are parsed as 4 bytes of header and 4 bytes of payload.
+Thus to match the first byte of the payload, you must actually add 4 bytes to
+the offset. Also note that ip4 filters match both ICMP frames as well as raw
+(unknown) ip4 frames, where the payload will be the L3 payload of the IP4
+frame.
+
+The maximum offset is 64. The hardware will only read up to 64 bytes of data
+from the payload. The offset must be even because the flexible data is 2 bytes
+long and must be aligned to byte 0 of the packet payload.
+
+The user-defined flexible offset is also considered part of the input set and
+cannot be programmed separately for multiple filters of the same type. However,
+the flexible data is not part of the input set and multiple filters may use the
+same offset but match against different data.
+
+
+RSS Hash Flow
+-------------
+Allows you to set the hash bytes per flow type and any combination of one or
+more options for Receive Side Scaling (RSS) hash byte configuration.
+
+::
+
+  # ethtool -N <ethX> rx-flow-hash <type> <option>
+
+  Where <type> is:
+    tcp4  signifying TCP over IPv4
+    udp4  signifying UDP over IPv4
+    tcp6  signifying TCP over IPv6
+    udp6  signifying UDP over IPv6
+  And <option> is one or more of:
+    s     Hash on the IP source address of the Rx packet.
+    d     Hash on the IP destination address of the Rx packet.
+    f     Hash on bytes 0 and 1 of the Layer 4 header of the Rx packet.
+    n     Hash on bytes 2 and 3 of the Layer 4 header of the Rx packet.
+
+
+Accelerated Receive Flow Steering (aRFS)
+----------------------------------------
+Devices based on the Intel(R) Ethernet Controller 800 Series support
+Accelerated Receive Flow Steering (aRFS) on the PF. aRFS is a load-balancing
+mechanism that allows you to direct packets to the same CPU where an
+application is running or consuming the packets in that flow.
+
+NOTES:
+
+- aRFS requires that ntuple filtering is enabled via ethtool.
+- aRFS support is limited to the following packet types:
+
+    - TCP over IPv4 and IPv6
+    - UDP over IPv4 and IPv6
+    - Nonfragmented packets
+
+- aRFS only supports Flow Director filters, which consist of the
+  source/destination IP addresses and source/destination ports.
+- aRFS and ethtool's ntuple interface both use the device's Flow Director. aRFS
+  and ntuple features can coexist, but you may encounter unexpected results if
+  there's a conflict between aRFS and ntuple requests. See "Intel(R) Ethernet
+  Flow Director" for additional information.
+
+To set up aRFS:
+
+1. Enable the Intel Ethernet Flow Director and ntuple filters using ethtool.
+
+::
+
+   # ethtool -K <ethX> ntuple on
+
+2. Set up the number of entries in the global flow table. For example:
+
+::
+
+   # NUM_RPS_ENTRIES=16384
+   # echo $NUM_RPS_ENTRIES > /proc/sys/net/core/rps_sock_flow_entries
+
+3. Set up the number of entries in the per-queue flow table. For example:
+
+::
+
+   # NUM_RX_QUEUES=64
+   # for file in /sys/class/net/$IFACE/queues/rx-*/rps_flow_cnt; do
+   # echo $(($NUM_RPS_ENTRIES/$NUM_RX_QUEUES)) > $file;
+   # done
+
+4. Disable the IRQ balance daemon (this is only a temporary stop of the service
+   until the next reboot).
+
+::
+
+   # systemctl stop irqbalance
+
+5. Configure the interrupt affinity.
+
+   See ``/Documentation/core-api/irq/irq-affinity.rst``
+
+
+To disable aRFS using ethtool::
+
+  # ethtool -K <ethX> ntuple off
+
+NOTE: This command will disable ntuple filters and clear any aRFS filters in
+software and hardware.
+
+Example Use Case:
+
+1. Set the server application on the desired CPU (e.g., CPU 4).
+
+::
+
+   # taskset -c 4 netserver
+
+2. Use netperf to route traffic from the client to CPU 4 on the server with
+   aRFS configured. This example uses TCP over IPv4.
+
+::
+
+   # netperf -H <Host IPv4 Address> -t TCP_STREAM
+
+
+Enabling Virtual Functions (VFs)
+--------------------------------
+Use sysfs to enable virtual functions (VF).
+
+For example, you can create 4 VFs as follows::
+
+  # echo 4 > /sys/class/net/<ethX>/device/sriov_numvfs
+
+To disable VFs, write 0 to the same file::
+
+  # echo 0 > /sys/class/net/<ethX>/device/sriov_numvfs
+
+The maximum number of VFs for the ice driver is 256 total (all ports). To check
+how many VFs each PF supports, use the following command::
+
+  # cat /sys/class/net/<ethX>/device/sriov_totalvfs
+
+Note: You cannot use SR-IOV when link aggregation (LAG)/bonding is active, and
+vice versa. To enforce this, the driver checks for this mutual exclusion.
+
+
+Displaying VF Statistics on the PF
+----------------------------------
+Use the following command to display the statistics for the PF and its VFs::
+
+  # ip -s link show dev <ethX>
+
+NOTE: The output of this command can be very large due to the maximum number of
+possible VFs.
+
+The PF driver will display a subset of the statistics for the PF and for all
+VFs that are configured. The PF will always print a statistics block for each
+of the possible VFs, and it will show zero for all unconfigured VFs.
+
+
+Configuring VLAN Tagging on SR-IOV Enabled Adapter Ports
+--------------------------------------------------------
+To configure VLAN tagging for the ports on an SR-IOV enabled adapter, use the
+following command. The VLAN configuration should be done before the VF driver
+is loaded or the VM is booted. The VF is not aware of the VLAN tag being
+inserted on transmit and removed on received frames (sometimes called "port
+VLAN" mode).
+
+::
+
+  # ip link set dev <ethX> vf <id> vlan <vlan id>
+
+For example, the following will configure PF eth0 and the first VF on VLAN 10::
+
+  # ip link set dev eth0 vf 0 vlan 10
+
+
+Enabling a VF link if the port is disconnected
+----------------------------------------------
+If the physical function (PF) link is down, you can force link up (from the
+host PF) on any virtual functions (VF) bound to the PF.
+
+For example, to force link up on VF 0 bound to PF eth0::
+
+  # ip link set eth0 vf 0 state enable
+
+Note: If the command does not work, it may not be supported by your system.
+
+
+Setting the MAC Address for a VF
+--------------------------------
+To change the MAC address for the specified VF::
+
+  # ip link set <ethX> vf 0 mac <address>
+
+For example::
+
+  # ip link set <ethX> vf 0 mac 00:01:02:03:04:05
+
+This setting lasts until the PF is reloaded.
+
+NOTE: Assigning a MAC address for a VF from the host will disable any
+subsequent requests to change the MAC address from within the VM. This is a
+security feature. The VM is not aware of this restriction, so if this is
+attempted in the VM, it will trigger MDD events.
+
+
+Trusted VFs and VF Promiscuous Mode
+-----------------------------------
+This feature allows you to designate a particular VF as trusted and allows that
+trusted VF to request selective promiscuous mode on the Physical Function (PF).
+
+To set a VF as trusted or untrusted, enter the following command in the
+Hypervisor::
+
+  # ip link set dev <ethX> vf 1 trust [on|off]
+
+NOTE: It's important to set the VF to trusted before setting promiscuous mode.
+If the VM is not trusted, the PF will ignore promiscuous mode requests from the
+VF. If the VM becomes trusted after the VF driver is loaded, you must make a
+new request to set the VF to promiscuous.
+
+Once the VF is designated as trusted, use the following commands in the VM to
+set the VF to promiscuous mode.
+
+For promiscuous all::
+
+  # ip link set <ethX> promisc on
+  Where <ethX> is a VF interface in the VM
+
+For promiscuous Multicast::
+
+  # ip link set <ethX> allmulticast on
+  Where <ethX> is a VF interface in the VM
+
+NOTE: By default, the ethtool private flag vf-true-promisc-support is set to
+"off," meaning that promiscuous mode for the VF will be limited. To set the
+promiscuous mode for the VF to true promiscuous and allow the VF to see all
+ingress traffic, use the following command::
+
+  # ethtool --set-priv-flags <ethX> vf-true-promisc-support on
+
+The vf-true-promisc-support private flag does not enable promiscuous mode;
+rather, it designates which type of promiscuous mode (limited or true) you will
+get when you enable promiscuous mode using the ip link commands above. Note
+that this is a global setting that affects the entire device. However, the
+vf-true-promisc-support private flag is only exposed to the first PF of the
+device. The PF remains in limited promiscuous mode regardless of the
+vf-true-promisc-support setting.
+
+Next, add a VLAN interface on the VF interface. For example::
+
+  # ip link add link eth2 name eth2.100 type vlan id 100
+
+Note that the order in which you set the VF to promiscuous mode and add the
+VLAN interface does not matter (you can do either first). The result in this
+example is that the VF will get all traffic that is tagged with VLAN 100.
+
+
+Malicious Driver Detection (MDD) for VFs
+----------------------------------------
+Some Intel Ethernet devices use Malicious Driver Detection (MDD) to detect
+malicious traffic from the VF and disable Tx/Rx queues or drop the offending
+packet until a VF driver reset occurs. You can view MDD messages in the PF's
+system log using the dmesg command.
+
+- If the PF driver logs MDD events from the VF, confirm that the correct VF
+  driver is installed.
+- To restore functionality, you can manually reload the VF or VM or enable
+  automatic VF resets.
+- When automatic VF resets are enabled, the PF driver will immediately reset
+  the VF and reenable queues when it detects MDD events on the receive path.
+- If automatic VF resets are disabled, the PF will not automatically reset the
+  VF when it detects MDD events.
+
+To enable or disable automatic VF resets, use the following command::
+
+  # ethtool --set-priv-flags <ethX> mdd-auto-reset-vf on|off
+
+
+MAC and VLAN Anti-Spoofing Feature for VFs
+------------------------------------------
+When a malicious driver on a Virtual Function (VF) interface attempts to send a
+spoofed packet, it is dropped by the hardware and not transmitted.
+
+NOTE: This feature can be disabled for a specific VF::
+
+  # ip link set <ethX> vf <vf id> spoofchk {off|on}
+
+
+Jumbo Frames
+------------
+Jumbo Frames support is enabled by changing the Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU)
+to a value larger than the default value of 1500.
+
+Use the ifconfig command to increase the MTU size. For example, enter the
+following where <ethX> is the interface number::
+
+  # ifconfig <ethX> mtu 9000 up
+
+Alternatively, you can use the ip command as follows::
+
+  # ip link set mtu 9000 dev <ethX>
+  # ip link set up dev <ethX>
+
+This setting is not saved across reboots.
+
+
+NOTE: The maximum MTU setting for jumbo frames is 9702. This corresponds to the
+maximum jumbo frame size of 9728 bytes.
+
+NOTE: This driver will attempt to use multiple page sized buffers to receive
+each jumbo packet. This should help to avoid buffer starvation issues when
+allocating receive packets.
+
+NOTE: Packet loss may have a greater impact on throughput when you use jumbo
+frames. If you observe a drop in performance after enabling jumbo frames,
+enabling flow control may mitigate the issue.
+
+
+Speed and Duplex Configuration
+------------------------------
+In addressing speed and duplex configuration issues, you need to distinguish
+between copper-based adapters and fiber-based adapters.
+
+In the default mode, an Intel(R) Ethernet Network Adapter using copper
+connections will attempt to auto-negotiate with its link partner to determine
+the best setting. If the adapter cannot establish link with the link partner
+using auto-negotiation, you may need to manually configure the adapter and link
+partner to identical settings to establish link and pass packets. This should
+only be needed when attempting to link with an older switch that does not
+support auto-negotiation or one that has been forced to a specific speed or
+duplex mode. Your link partner must match the setting you choose. 1 Gbps speeds
+and higher cannot be forced. Use the autonegotiation advertising setting to
+manually set devices for 1 Gbps and higher.
+
+Speed, duplex, and autonegotiation advertising are configured through the
+ethtool utility. For the latest version, download and install ethtool from the
+following website:
+
+   https://kernel.org/pub/software/network/ethtool/
+
+To see the speed configurations your device supports, run the following::
+
+  # ethtool <ethX>
+
+Caution: Only experienced network administrators should force speed and duplex
+or change autonegotiation advertising manually. The settings at the switch must
+always match the adapter settings. Adapter performance may suffer or your
+adapter may not operate if you configure the adapter differently from your
+switch.
+
+
+Data Center Bridging (DCB)
+--------------------------
+NOTE: The kernel assumes that TC0 is available, and will disable Priority Flow
+Control (PFC) on the device if TC0 is not available. To fix this, ensure TC0 is
+enabled when setting up DCB on your switch.
+
+DCB is a configuration Quality of Service implementation in hardware. It uses
+the VLAN priority tag (802.1p) to filter traffic. That means that there are 8
+different priorities that traffic can be filtered into. It also enables
+priority flow control (802.1Qbb) which can limit or eliminate the number of
+dropped packets during network stress. Bandwidth can be allocated to each of
+these priorities, which is enforced at the hardware level (802.1Qaz).
+
+DCB is normally configured on the network using the DCBX protocol (802.1Qaz), a
+specialization of LLDP (802.1AB). The ice driver supports the following
+mutually exclusive variants of DCBX support:
+
+1) Firmware-based LLDP Agent
+2) Software-based LLDP Agent
+
+In firmware-based mode, firmware intercepts all LLDP traffic and handles DCBX
+negotiation transparently for the user. In this mode, the adapter operates in
+"willing" DCBX mode, receiving DCB settings from the link partner (typically a
+switch). The local user can only query the negotiated DCB configuration. For
+information on configuring DCBX parameters on a switch, please consult the
+switch manufacturer's documentation.
+
+In software-based mode, LLDP traffic is forwarded to the network stack and user
+space, where a software agent can handle it. In this mode, the adapter can
+operate in either "willing" or "nonwilling" DCBX mode and DCB configuration can
+be both queried and set locally. This mode requires the FW-based LLDP Agent to
+be disabled.
+
+NOTE:
+
+- You can enable and disable the firmware-based LLDP Agent using an ethtool
+  private flag. Refer to the "FW-LLDP (Firmware Link Layer Discovery Protocol)"
+  section in this README for more information.
+- In software-based DCBX mode, you can configure DCB parameters using software
+  LLDP/DCBX agents that interface with the Linux kernel's DCB Netlink API. We
+  recommend using OpenLLDP as the DCBX agent when running in software mode. For
+  more information, see the OpenLLDP man pages and
+  https://github.com/intel/openlldp.
+- The driver implements the DCB netlink interface layer to allow the user space
+  to communicate with the driver and query DCB configuration for the port.
+- iSCSI with DCB is not supported.
+
+
+FW-LLDP (Firmware Link Layer Discovery Protocol)
+------------------------------------------------
+Use ethtool to change FW-LLDP settings. The FW-LLDP setting is per port and
+persists across boots.
+
+To enable LLDP::
+
+  # ethtool --set-priv-flags <ethX> fw-lldp-agent on
+
+To disable LLDP::
+
+  # ethtool --set-priv-flags <ethX> fw-lldp-agent off
+
+To check the current LLDP setting::
+
+  # ethtool --show-priv-flags <ethX>
+
+NOTE: You must enable the UEFI HII "LLDP Agent" attribute for this setting to
+take effect. If "LLDP AGENT" is set to disabled, you cannot enable it from the
+OS.
+
+
+Flow Control
+------------
+Ethernet Flow Control (IEEE 802.3x) can be configured with ethtool to enable
+receiving and transmitting pause frames for ice. When transmit is enabled,
+pause frames are generated when the receive packet buffer crosses a predefined
+threshold. When receive is enabled, the transmit unit will halt for the time
+delay specified when a pause frame is received.
+
+NOTE: You must have a flow control capable link partner.
+
+Flow Control is disabled by default.
+
+Use ethtool to change the flow control settings.
+
+To enable or disable Rx or Tx Flow Control::
+
+  # ethtool -A <ethX> rx <on|off> tx <on|off>
+
+Note: This command only enables or disables Flow Control if auto-negotiation is
+disabled. If auto-negotiation is enabled, this command changes the parameters
+used for auto-negotiation with the link partner.
+
+Note: Flow Control auto-negotiation is part of link auto-negotiation. Depending
+on your device, you may not be able to change the auto-negotiation setting.
+
+NOTE:
+
+- The ice driver requires flow control on both the port and link partner. If
+  flow control is disabled on one of the sides, the port may appear to hang on
+  heavy traffic.
+- You may encounter issues with link-level flow control (LFC) after disabling
+  DCB. The LFC status may show as enabled but traffic is not paused. To resolve
+  this issue, disable and reenable LFC using ethtool::
+
+   # ethtool -A <ethX> rx off tx off
+   # ethtool -A <ethX> rx on tx on
+
+
+NAPI
+----
+This driver supports NAPI (Rx polling mode).
+For more information on NAPI, see
+https://www.linuxfoundation.org/collaborate/workgroups/networking/napi
+
+
+MACVLAN
+-------
+This driver supports MACVLAN. Kernel support for MACVLAN can be tested by
+checking if the MACVLAN driver is loaded. You can run 'lsmod | grep macvlan' to
+see if the MACVLAN driver is loaded or run 'modprobe macvlan' to try to load
+the MACVLAN driver.
+
+NOTE:
+
+- In passthru mode, you can only set up one MACVLAN device. It will inherit the
+  MAC address of the underlying PF (Physical Function) device.
+
+
+IEEE 802.1ad (QinQ) Support
+---------------------------
+The IEEE 802.1ad standard, informally known as QinQ, allows for multiple VLAN
+IDs within a single Ethernet frame. VLAN IDs are sometimes referred to as
+"tags," and multiple VLAN IDs are thus referred to as a "tag stack." Tag stacks
+allow L2 tunneling and the ability to segregate traffic within a particular
+VLAN ID, among other uses.
+
+NOTES:
+
+- Receive checksum offloads and VLAN acceleration are not supported for 802.1ad
+  (QinQ) packets.
+
+- 0x88A8 traffic will not be received unless VLAN stripping is disabled with
+  the following command::
+
+    # ethool -K <ethX> rxvlan off
+
+- 0x88A8/0x8100 double VLANs cannot be used with 0x8100 or 0x8100/0x8100 VLANS
+  configured on the same port. 0x88a8/0x8100 traffic will not be received if
+  0x8100 VLANs are configured.
+
+- The VF can only transmit 0x88A8/0x8100 (i.e., 802.1ad/802.1Q) traffic if:
+
+    1) The VF is not assigned a port VLAN.
+    2) spoofchk is disabled from the PF. If you enable spoofchk, the VF will
+       not transmit 0x88A8/0x8100 traffic.
+
+- The VF may not receive all network traffic based on the Inner VLAN header
+  when VF true promiscuous mode (vf-true-promisc-support) and double VLANs are
+  enabled in SR-IOV mode.
+
+The following are examples of how to configure 802.1ad (QinQ)::
+
+  # ip link add link eth0 eth0.24 type vlan proto 802.1ad id 24
+  # ip link add link eth0.24 eth0.24.371 type vlan proto 802.1Q id 371
+
+  Where "24" and "371" are example VLAN IDs.
+
+
+Tunnel/Overlay Stateless Offloads
+---------------------------------
+Supported tunnels and overlays include VXLAN, GENEVE, and others depending on
+hardware and software configuration. Stateless offloads are enabled by default.
+
+To view the current state of all offloads::
+
+  # ethtool -k <ethX>
+
+
+UDP Segmentation Offload
+------------------------
+Allows the adapter to offload transmit segmentation of UDP packets with
+payloads up to 64K into valid Ethernet frames. Because the adapter hardware is
+able to complete data segmentation much faster than operating system software,
+this feature may improve transmission performance.
+In addition, the adapter may use fewer CPU resources.
+
+NOTE:
+
+- The application sending UDP packets must support UDP segmentation offload.
+
+To enable/disable UDP Segmentation Offload, issue the following command::
+
+  # ethtool -K <ethX> tx-udp-segmentation [off|on]
+
+
+Performance Optimization
+========================
+Driver defaults are meant to fit a wide variety of workloads, but if further
+optimization is required, we recommend experimenting with the following
+settings.
+
+
+Rx Descriptor Ring Size
+-----------------------
+To reduce the number of Rx packet discards, increase the number of Rx
+descriptors for each Rx ring using ethtool.
+
+  Check if the interface is dropping Rx packets due to buffers being full
+  (rx_dropped.nic can mean that there is no PCIe bandwidth)::
+
+    # ethtool -S <ethX> | grep "rx_dropped"
+
+  If the previous command shows drops on queues, it may help to increase
+  the number of descriptors using 'ethtool -G'::
+
+    # ethtool -G <ethX> rx <N>
+    Where <N> is the desired number of ring entries/descriptors
+
+  This can provide temporary buffering for issues that create latency while
+  the CPUs process descriptors.
+
+
+Interrupt Rate Limiting
+-----------------------
+This driver supports an adaptive interrupt throttle rate (ITR) mechanism that
+is tuned for general workloads. The user can customize the interrupt rate
+control for specific workloads, via ethtool, adjusting the number of
+microseconds between interrupts.
+
+To set the interrupt rate manually, you must disable adaptive mode::
+
+  # ethtool -C <ethX> adaptive-rx off adaptive-tx off
+
+For lower CPU utilization:
+
+  Disable adaptive ITR and lower Rx and Tx interrupts. The examples below
+  affect every queue of the specified interface.
+
+  Setting rx-usecs and tx-usecs to 80 will limit interrupts to about
+  12,500 interrupts per second per queue::
+
+    # ethtool -C <ethX> adaptive-rx off adaptive-tx off rx-usecs 80 tx-usecs 80
+
+For reduced latency:
+
+  Disable adaptive ITR and ITR by setting rx-usecs and tx-usecs to 0
+  using ethtool::
+
+    # ethtool -C <ethX> adaptive-rx off adaptive-tx off rx-usecs 0 tx-usecs 0
+
+Per-queue interrupt rate settings:
+
+  The following examples are for queues 1 and 3, but you can adjust other
+  queues.
+
+  To disable Rx adaptive ITR and set static Rx ITR to 10 microseconds or
+  about 100,000 interrupts/second, for queues 1 and 3::
+
+    # ethtool --per-queue <ethX> queue_mask 0xa --coalesce adaptive-rx off
+    rx-usecs 10
+
+  To show the current coalesce settings for queues 1 and 3::
+
+    # ethtool --per-queue <ethX> queue_mask 0xa --show-coalesce
+
+Bounding interrupt rates using rx-usecs-high:
+
+  :Valid Range: 0-236 (0=no limit)
+
+   The range of 0-236 microseconds provides an effective range of 4,237 to
+   250,000 interrupts per second. The value of rx-usecs-high can be set
+   independently of rx-usecs and tx-usecs in the same ethtool command, and is
+   also independent of the adaptive interrupt moderation algorithm. The
+   underlying hardware supports granularity in 4-microsecond intervals, so
+   adjacent values may result in the same interrupt rate.
+
+  The following command would disable adaptive interrupt moderation, and allow
+  a maximum of 5 microseconds before indicating a receive or transmit was
+  complete. However, instead of resulting in as many as 200,000 interrupts per
+  second, it limits total interrupts per second to 50,000 via the rx-usecs-high
+  parameter.
+
+  ::
+
+    # ethtool -C <ethX> adaptive-rx off adaptive-tx off rx-usecs-high 20
+    rx-usecs 5 tx-usecs 5
+
+
+Virtualized Environments
+------------------------
+In addition to the other suggestions in this section, the following may be
+helpful to optimize performance in VMs.
+
+  Using the appropriate mechanism (vcpupin) in the VM, pin the CPUs to
+  individual LCPUs, making sure to use a set of CPUs included in the
+  device's local_cpulist: ``/sys/class/net/<ethX>/device/local_cpulist``.
+
+  Configure as many Rx/Tx queues in the VM as available. (See the iavf driver
+  documentation for the number of queues supported.) For example::
+
+    # ethtool -L <virt_interface> rx <max> tx <max>
 
-  -> Device Drivers
-    -> Network device support (NETDEVICES [=y])
-      -> Ethernet driver support
-        -> Intel devices
-          -> Intel(R) Ethernet Connection E800 Series Support
 
 Support
 =======
 For general information, go to the Intel support website at:
-
 https://www.intel.com/support/
 
 or the Intel Wired Networking project hosted by Sourceforge at:
-
 https://sourceforge.net/projects/e1000
 
 If an issue is identified with the released source code on a supported kernel
 with a supported adapter, email the specific information related to the issue
 to e1000-devel@lists.sf.net.
+
+
+Trademarks
+==========
+Intel is a trademark or registered trademark of Intel Corporation or its
+subsidiaries in the United States and/or other countries.
+
+* Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.