Patchwork [v3,3/7] guest agent: qemu-ga daemon

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Submitter Michael Roth
Date June 1, 2011, 5:54 p.m.
Message ID <1306950854-16493-4-git-send-email-mdroth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/98319/
State New
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Comments

Michael Roth - June 1, 2011, 5:54 p.m.
This is the actual guest daemon, it listens for requests over a
virtio-serial/isa-serial/unix socket channel and routes them through
to dispatch routines, and writes the results back to the channel in
a manner similar to QMP.

A shorthand invocation:

  qemu-ga -d

Is equivalent to:

  qemu-ga -c virtio-serial -p /dev/virtio-ports/org.qemu.guest_agent \
          -p /var/run/qemu-guest-agent.pid -d

Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <mdroth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 qemu-ga.c              |  635 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 qga/guest-agent-core.h |   39 +++
 2 files changed, 674 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 qemu-ga.c
 create mode 100644 qga/guest-agent-core.h

Patch

diff --git a/qemu-ga.c b/qemu-ga.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0438e76
--- /dev/null
+++ b/qemu-ga.c
@@ -0,0 +1,635 @@ 
+/*
+ * QEMU Guest Agent
+ *
+ * Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
+ *
+ * Authors:
+ *  Adam Litke        <aglitke@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
+ *  Michael Roth      <mdroth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
+ *
+ * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or later.
+ * See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
+ */
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <glib.h>
+#include <gio/gio.h>
+#include <getopt.h>
+#include <termios.h>
+#include <syslog.h>
+#include "qemu_socket.h"
+#include "json-streamer.h"
+#include "json-parser.h"
+#include "qint.h"
+#include "qjson.h"
+#include "qga/guest-agent-core.h"
+#include "qga-qmp-commands.h"
+#include "module.h"
+
+#define QGA_VIRTIO_PATH_DEFAULT "/dev/virtio-ports/org.qemu.guest_agent"
+#define QGA_PIDFILE_DEFAULT "/var/run/qemu-va.pid"
+#define QGA_BAUDRATE_DEFAULT B38400 /* for isa-serial channels */
+#define QGA_TIMEOUT_DEFAULT 30*1000 /* ms */
+
+struct GAState {
+    const char *proxy_path;
+    JSONMessageParser parser;
+    GMainLoop *main_loop;
+    guint conn_id;
+    GSocket *conn_sock;
+    GIOChannel *conn_channel;
+    guint listen_id;
+    GSocket *listen_sock;
+    GIOChannel *listen_channel;
+    const char *path;
+    const char *method;
+    bool virtio; /* fastpath to check for virtio to deal with poll() quirks */
+    GACommandState *command_state;
+    GAWorker *worker;
+    int timeout_ms;
+    GLogLevelFlags log_level;
+    FILE *log_file;
+    bool logging_enabled;
+};
+
+static void usage(const char *cmd)
+{
+    printf(
+"Usage: %s -c <channel_opts>\n"
+"QEMU Guest Agent %s\n"
+"\n"
+"  -c, --channel     channel method: one of unix-connect, virtio-serial, or\n"
+"                    isa-serial (virtio-serial is the default)\n"
+"  -p, --path        channel path (%s is the default for virtio-serial)\n"
+"  -l, --logfile     set logfile path, logs to stderr by default\n"
+"  -f, --pidfile     specify pidfile (default is %s)\n"
+"  -v, --verbose     log extra debugging information\n"
+"  -V, --version     print version information and exit\n"
+"  -d, --daemonize   become a daemon\n"
+"  -h, --help        display this help and exit\n"
+"\n"
+"Report bugs to <mdroth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>\n"
+    , cmd, QGA_VERSION, QGA_VIRTIO_PATH_DEFAULT, QGA_PIDFILE_DEFAULT);
+}
+
+static void conn_channel_close(GAState *s);
+
+static const char *ga_log_level_str(GLogLevelFlags level)
+{
+    switch (level & G_LOG_LEVEL_MASK) {
+        case G_LOG_LEVEL_ERROR:
+            return "error";
+        case G_LOG_LEVEL_CRITICAL:
+            return "critical";
+        case G_LOG_LEVEL_WARNING:
+            return "warning";
+        case G_LOG_LEVEL_MESSAGE:
+            return "message";
+        case G_LOG_LEVEL_INFO:
+            return "info";
+        case G_LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG:
+            return "debug";
+        default:
+            return "user";
+    }
+}
+
+bool ga_logging_enabled(GAState *s)
+{
+    return s->logging_enabled;
+}
+
+static void ga_log(const gchar *domain, GLogLevelFlags level,
+                   const gchar *msg, gpointer opaque)
+{
+    GAState *s = opaque;
+    GTimeVal time;
+    const char *level_str = ga_log_level_str(level);
+
+    if (!ga_logging_enabled(s)) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    level &= G_LOG_LEVEL_MASK;
+    if (g_strcmp0(domain, "syslog") == 0) {
+        syslog(LOG_INFO, "%s: %s", level_str, msg);
+    } else if (level & s->log_level) {
+        g_get_current_time(&time);
+        fprintf(s->log_file,
+                "%lu.%lu: %s: %s\n", time.tv_sec, time.tv_usec, level_str, msg);
+        fflush(s->log_file);
+    }
+}
+
+int ga_get_timeout(GAState *s)
+{
+    return s->timeout_ms;
+}
+
+static void become_daemon(const char *pidfile)
+{
+    pid_t pid, sid;
+    int pidfd;
+    char *pidstr = NULL;
+
+    pid = fork();
+    if (pid < 0) {
+        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+    }
+    if (pid > 0) {
+        exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
+    }
+
+    pidfd = open(pidfile, O_CREAT|O_RDWR, S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR);
+    if (!pidfd || lockf(pidfd, F_TLOCK, 0)) {
+        g_error("Cannot lock pid file");
+    }
+
+    if (ftruncate(pidfd, 0) || lseek(pidfd, 0, SEEK_SET)) {
+        g_critical("Cannot truncate pid file");
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    if (asprintf(&pidstr, "%d", getpid()) == -1) {
+        g_critical("Cannot allocate memory");
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    if (write(pidfd, pidstr, strlen(pidstr)) != strlen(pidstr)) {
+        g_critical("Failed to write pid file");
+        goto fail;
+    }
+
+    umask(0);
+    sid = setsid();
+    if (sid < 0) {
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    if ((chdir("/")) < 0) {
+        goto fail;
+    }
+
+    close(STDIN_FILENO);
+    close(STDOUT_FILENO);
+    close(STDERR_FILENO);
+    return;
+
+fail:
+    if (pidstr) {
+        free(pidstr);
+    }
+    unlink(pidfile);
+    g_error("failed to daemonize");
+}
+
+static int conn_channel_send_payload(GIOChannel *channel, QObject *payload)
+{
+    gsize count, written = 0;
+    int ret;
+    const char *buf;
+    QString *payload_qstr;
+    GIOStatus status;
+    GError *err = NULL;
+
+    if (!payload || !channel) {
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        goto out;
+    }
+
+    payload_qstr = qobject_to_json(payload);
+    if (!payload_qstr) {
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        goto out;
+    }
+
+    buf = qstring_get_str(payload_qstr);
+    count = strlen(buf);
+
+    while (count) {
+        g_debug("sending data, count: %d", (int)count);
+        status = g_io_channel_write_chars(channel, buf, count, &written, &err);
+        if (err != NULL) {
+            g_warning("error sending payload: %s", err->message);
+            ret = err->code;
+            goto out_free;
+        }
+        if (status == G_IO_STATUS_NORMAL) {
+            count -= written;
+        } else if (status == G_IO_STATUS_ERROR || status == G_IO_STATUS_EOF) {
+            ret = -EPIPE;
+            goto out_free;
+        }
+    }
+
+    status = g_io_channel_write_chars(channel, (char *)"\n", 1, &written, &err);
+    if (err != NULL) {
+        g_warning("error sending newline: %s", err->message);
+        ret = err->code;
+        goto out_free;
+    } else if (status == G_IO_STATUS_ERROR || status == G_IO_STATUS_EOF) {
+        ret = -EPIPE;
+        goto out_free;
+    }
+
+    g_io_channel_flush(channel, &err);
+    if (err != NULL) {
+        g_warning("error flushing payload: %s", err->message);
+        ret = err->code;
+        goto out_free;
+    }
+
+    ret = 0;
+
+out_free:
+    QDECREF(payload_qstr);
+out:
+    return ret;
+}
+
+static void process_command_worker(void *input, void *output, Error **errp)
+{
+    QDict *req = input;
+    QObject **rsp = output;
+
+    g_assert(req && rsp);
+    *rsp = qmp_dispatch(QOBJECT(req));
+}
+
+static void process_command(GAState *s, QDict *req)
+{
+    QObject *rsp = NULL;
+    Error *err = NULL;
+    bool timeout;
+    int ret;
+
+    g_assert(req);
+    g_debug("processing command");
+    timeout = ga_worker_dispatch(s->worker, req, &rsp, s->timeout_ms, &err);
+    if (timeout) {
+        g_warning("command timed out");
+    } else if (rsp) {
+        if (err) {
+            g_warning("command failed: %s", error_get_pretty(err));
+        }
+        g_debug("response: %s", qstring_get_str(qobject_to_json(rsp)));
+        ret = conn_channel_send_payload(s->conn_channel, rsp);
+        if (ret) {
+            g_warning("error sending payload: %s", strerror(ret));
+        }
+        qobject_decref(rsp);
+    } else {
+        g_warning("error getting response");
+        if (err) {
+            g_warning("dispatch failed: %s", error_get_pretty(err));
+        }
+    }
+}
+
+/* handle requests/control events coming in over the channel */
+static void process_event(JSONMessageParser *parser, QList *tokens)
+{
+    GAState *s = container_of(parser, GAState, parser);
+    QObject *obj;
+    QDict *qdict;
+    Error *err = NULL;
+
+    g_assert(s && parser);
+
+    g_debug("process_event: called");
+    obj = json_parser_parse_err(tokens, NULL, &err);
+    if (!obj || qobject_type(obj) != QTYPE_QDICT) {
+        g_warning("failed to parse event");
+        return;
+    } else {
+        g_debug("parse successful");
+        qdict = qobject_to_qdict(obj);
+        g_assert(qdict);
+    }
+
+    /* handle host->guest commands */
+    if (qdict_haskey(qdict, "execute")) {
+        process_command(s, qdict);
+    } else {
+        g_warning("unrecognized payload format, ignoring");
+    }
+
+    QDECREF(qdict);
+}
+
+static gboolean conn_channel_read(GIOChannel *channel, GIOCondition condition,
+                                  gpointer data)
+{
+    GAState *s = data;
+    gchar buf[1024];
+    gsize count;
+    GError *err = NULL;
+    memset(buf, 0, 1024);
+    GIOStatus status = g_io_channel_read_chars(channel, buf, 1024,
+                                               &count, &err);
+    if (err != NULL) {
+        g_warning("error reading channel: %s", err->message);
+        conn_channel_close(s);
+        return false;
+    }
+    switch (status) {
+    case G_IO_STATUS_ERROR:
+        g_warning("problem");
+        return false;
+    case G_IO_STATUS_NORMAL:
+        g_debug("read data, count: %d, data: %s", (int)count, buf);
+        json_message_parser_feed(&s->parser, (char *)buf, (int)count);
+    case G_IO_STATUS_AGAIN:
+        /* virtio causes us to spin here when no process is attached to
+         * host-side chardev. sleep a bit to mitigate this
+         */
+        if (s->virtio) {
+            usleep(100*1000);
+        }
+        return true;
+    case G_IO_STATUS_EOF:
+        g_debug("received EOF");
+        conn_channel_close(s);
+        if (s->virtio) {
+            return true;
+        }
+        return false;
+    default:
+        g_warning("unknown channel read status, closing");
+        conn_channel_close(s);
+        return false;
+    }
+    return true;
+}
+
+static int conn_channel_add(GAState *s, int fd)
+{
+    GIOChannel *conn_channel;
+    guint conn_id;
+    GError *err = NULL;
+
+    g_assert(s && !s->conn_channel);
+    conn_channel = g_io_channel_unix_new(fd);
+    g_assert(conn_channel);
+    g_io_channel_set_encoding(conn_channel, NULL, &err);
+    if (err != NULL) {
+        g_warning("error setting channel encoding to binary");
+        return -1;
+    }
+    conn_id = g_io_add_watch(conn_channel, G_IO_IN | G_IO_HUP,
+                             conn_channel_read, s);
+    if (err != NULL) {
+        g_warning("error adding io watch: %s", err->message);
+        return -1;
+    }
+    s->conn_channel = conn_channel;
+    s->conn_id = conn_id;
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static gboolean listen_channel_accept(GIOChannel *channel,
+                                      GIOCondition condition, gpointer data)
+{
+    GAState *s = data;
+    GError *err = NULL;
+    g_assert(channel != NULL);
+    int ret;
+    bool accepted = false;
+
+    s->conn_sock = g_socket_accept(s->listen_sock, NULL, &err);
+    if (err != NULL) {
+        g_warning("error converting fd to gsocket: %s", err->message);
+        goto out;
+    }
+    ret = conn_channel_add(s, g_socket_get_fd(s->conn_sock));
+    if (ret) {
+        g_warning("error setting up connection");
+        goto out;
+    }
+    accepted = true;
+
+out:
+    /* only accept 1 connection at a time */
+    return !accepted;
+}
+
+/* start polling for readable events on listen fd, listen_fd=0
+ * indicates we should use the existing s->listen_channel
+ */
+static int listen_channel_add(GAState *s, int listen_fd)
+{
+    GError *err = NULL;
+    guint listen_id;
+
+    if (listen_fd) {
+        s->listen_channel = g_io_channel_unix_new(listen_fd);
+        if (s->listen_sock) {
+            g_object_unref(s->listen_sock);
+        }
+        s->listen_sock = g_socket_new_from_fd(listen_fd, &err);
+        if (err != NULL) {
+            g_warning("error converting fd to gsocket: %s", err->message);
+            return -1;
+        }
+    }
+    listen_id = g_io_add_watch(s->listen_channel, G_IO_IN,
+                               listen_channel_accept, s);
+    if (err != NULL) {
+        g_warning("error adding io watch: %s", err->message);
+        return -1;
+    }
+    return 0;
+}
+
+/* cleanup state for closed connection/session, start accepting new
+ * connections if we're in listening mode
+ */
+static void conn_channel_close(GAState *s)
+{
+    if (strcmp(s->method, "unix-listen") == 0) {
+        g_io_channel_shutdown(s->conn_channel, true, NULL);
+        g_object_unref(s->conn_sock);
+        s->conn_sock = NULL;
+        listen_channel_add(s, 0);
+    } else if (strcmp(s->method, "virtio-serial") == 0) {
+        /* we spin on EOF for virtio-serial, so back off a bit. also,
+         * dont close the connection in this case, it'll resume normal
+         * operation when another process connects to host chardev
+         */
+        usleep(100*1000);
+        goto out_noclose;
+    }
+    g_io_channel_unref(s->conn_channel);
+    s->conn_channel = NULL;
+    s->conn_id = 0;
+out_noclose:
+    return;
+}
+
+static void init_guest_agent(GAState *s)
+{
+    struct termios tio;
+    int ret, fd;
+
+    if (s->method == NULL) {
+        /* try virtio-serial as our default */
+        s->method = "virtio-serial";
+    }
+
+    if (s->path == NULL) {
+        if (strcmp(s->method, "virtio-serial") != 0) {
+            g_error("must specify a path for this channel");
+        }
+        /* try the default path for the virtio-serial port */
+        s->path = QGA_VIRTIO_PATH_DEFAULT;
+    }
+
+    if (strcmp(s->method, "virtio-serial") == 0) {
+        s->virtio = true;
+        fd = qemu_open(s->path, O_RDWR);
+        if (fd == -1) {
+            g_error("error opening channel: %s", strerror(errno));
+        }
+        ret = fcntl(fd, F_GETFL);
+        if (ret < 0) {
+            g_error("error getting channel flags: %s", strerror(errno));
+        }
+        ret = fcntl(fd, F_SETFL, ret | O_NONBLOCK | O_ASYNC);
+        if (ret < 0) {
+            g_error("error setting channel flags: %s", strerror(errno));
+        }
+        ret = conn_channel_add(s, fd);
+        if (ret) {
+            g_error("error adding channel to main loop");
+        }
+    } else if (strcmp(s->method, "isa-serial") == 0) {
+        fd = qemu_open(s->path, O_RDWR | O_NOCTTY);
+        if (fd == -1) {
+            g_error("error opening channel: %s", strerror(errno));
+        }
+        tcgetattr(fd, &tio);
+        /* set up serial port for non-canonical, dumb byte streaming */
+        tio.c_iflag &= ~(IGNBRK | BRKINT | IGNPAR | PARMRK | INPCK | ISTRIP |
+                         INLCR | IGNCR | ICRNL | IXON | IXOFF | IXANY |
+                         IMAXBEL);
+        tio.c_oflag = 0;
+        tio.c_lflag = 0;
+        tio.c_cflag |= QGA_BAUDRATE_DEFAULT;
+        /* 1 available byte min or reads will block (we'll set non-blocking
+         * elsewhere, else we have to deal with read()=0 instead)
+         */
+        tio.c_cc[VMIN] = 1;
+        tio.c_cc[VTIME] = 0;
+        /* flush everything waiting for read/xmit, it's garbage at this point */
+        tcflush(fd, TCIFLUSH);
+        tcsetattr(fd, TCSANOW, &tio);
+        ret = conn_channel_add(s, fd);
+        if (ret) {
+            g_error("error adding channel to main loop");
+        }
+    } else if (strcmp(s->method, "unix-listen") == 0) {
+        fd = unix_listen(s->path, NULL, strlen(s->path));
+        if (fd == -1) {
+            g_error("error opening path: %s", strerror(errno));
+        }
+        ret = listen_channel_add(s, fd);
+        if (ret) {
+            g_error("error binding/listening to specified socket");
+        }
+    } else {
+        g_error("unsupported channel method/type: %s", s->method);
+    }
+
+    json_message_parser_init(&s->parser, process_event);
+    s->main_loop = g_main_loop_new(NULL, false);
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+    const char *sopt = "hVvdc:p:l:f:";
+    const char *method = NULL, *path = NULL, *pidfile = QGA_PIDFILE_DEFAULT;
+    struct option lopt[] = {
+        { "help", 0, NULL, 'h' },
+        { "version", 0, NULL, 'V' },
+        { "logfile", 0, NULL, 'l' },
+        { "pidfile", 0, NULL, 'f' },
+        { "verbose", 0, NULL, 'v' },
+        { "channel", 0, NULL, 'c' },
+        { "path", 0, NULL, 'p' },
+        { "daemonize", 0, NULL, 'd' },
+        { NULL, 0, NULL, 0 }
+    };
+    int opt_ind = 0, ch, daemonize = 0;
+    GLogLevelFlags log_level = G_LOG_LEVEL_ERROR | G_LOG_LEVEL_CRITICAL;
+    FILE *log_file = stderr;
+    GAState *s;
+
+    g_type_init();
+    g_thread_init(NULL);
+
+    while ((ch = getopt_long(argc, argv, sopt, lopt, &opt_ind)) != -1) {
+        switch (ch) {
+        case 'c':
+            method = optarg;
+            break;
+        case 'p':
+            path = optarg;
+            break;
+        case 'l':
+            log_file = fopen(optarg, "a");
+            if (!log_file) {
+                g_error("unable to open specified log file: %s",
+                        strerror(errno));
+            }
+            break;
+        case 'f':
+            pidfile = optarg;
+            break;
+        case 'v':
+            /* enable all log levels */
+            log_level = G_LOG_LEVEL_MASK;
+            break;
+        case 'V':
+            printf("QEMU Guest Agent %s\n", QGA_VERSION);
+            return 0;
+        case 'd':
+            daemonize = 1;
+            break;
+        case 'h':
+            usage(argv[0]);
+            return 0;
+        case '?':
+            g_error("Unknown option, try '%s --help' for more information.",
+                    argv[0]);
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (daemonize) {
+        g_debug("starting daemon");
+        become_daemon(pidfile);
+    }
+
+    s = g_malloc0(sizeof(GAState));
+    s->conn_id = 0;
+    s->conn_channel = NULL;
+    s->path = path;
+    s->method = method;
+    s->command_state = ga_command_state_new();
+    ga_command_state_init(s, s->command_state);
+    ga_command_state_init_all(s->command_state);
+    s->worker = ga_worker_new(process_command_worker);
+    s->timeout_ms = QGA_TIMEOUT_DEFAULT;
+    s->log_file = log_file;
+    s->log_level = log_level;
+    g_log_set_default_handler(ga_log, s);
+    g_log_set_fatal_mask(NULL, G_LOG_LEVEL_ERROR);
+    s->logging_enabled = true;
+
+    module_call_init(MODULE_INIT_QAPI);
+    init_guest_agent(s);
+
+    g_main_loop_run(s->main_loop);
+
+    ga_command_state_cleanup_all(s->command_state);
+    ga_worker_cleanup(s->worker);
+
+    return 0;
+}
diff --git a/qga/guest-agent-core.h b/qga/guest-agent-core.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e9bef27
--- /dev/null
+++ b/qga/guest-agent-core.h
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@ 
+/*
+ * QEMU Guest Agent core declarations
+ *
+ * Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
+ *
+ * Authors:
+ *  Adam Litke        <aglitke@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
+ *  Michael Roth      <mdroth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
+ *
+ * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or later.
+ * See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
+ */
+#include "qapi/qmp-core.h"
+#include "qemu-common.h"
+#include "qdict.h"
+
+#define QGA_VERSION "1.0"
+
+typedef struct GAState GAState;
+typedef struct GACommandState GACommandState;
+typedef struct GAWorker GAWorker;
+typedef void (*ga_worker_func)(void *input, void *output, Error **errp);
+
+QObject *qga_dispatch(QObject *obj, Error **errp);
+void ga_command_state_init(GAState *s, GACommandState *cs);
+void ga_command_state_add(GACommandState *cs,
+                          void (*init)(void),
+                          void (*cleanup)(void));
+void ga_command_state_init_all(GACommandState *cs);
+void ga_command_state_cleanup_all(GACommandState *cs);
+GACommandState *ga_command_state_new(void);
+GAWorker *ga_worker_new(ga_worker_func func);
+void ga_worker_cleanup(GAWorker *worker);
+bool ga_worker_dispatch(GAWorker *worker, void *input, void *output,
+                        int timeout, Error **errp);
+int ga_get_timeout(GAState *s);
+bool ga_logging_enabled(GAState *s);
+void ga_disable_logging(GAState *s);
+void ga_enable_logging(GAState *s);