Patchwork [v1,12/14] json-lexer: make lexer error-recovery more deterministic

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Submitter Michael Roth
Date June 1, 2011, 5:14 p.m.
Message ID <1306948500-15086-13-git-send-email-mdroth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/98272/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Michael Roth - June 1, 2011, 5:14 p.m.
Currently when we reach an error state we effectively flush everything
fed to the lexer, which can put us in a state where we keep feeding
tokens into the parser at arbitrary offsets in the stream. This makes it

Patch

difficult for the lexer/tokenizer/parser to get back in sync when bad
input is made by the client.

With these changes we emit an error state/token up to the tokenizer as
soon as we reach an error state, and continue processing any data passed
in rather than bailing out. The reset token will be used to reset the
tokenizer and parser, such that they'll recover state as soon as the
lexer begins generating valid token sequences again.

We also map chr(192,193,245-255) to an error state here, since they are
invalid UTF-8 characters. QMP guest proxy/agent will use chr(255) to
force a flush/reset of previous input for reliable delivery of certain
events, so also we document that thoroughly here.

Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <mdroth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 json-lexer.c |   25 +++++++++++++++++++++----
 json-lexer.h |    1 +
 2 files changed, 22 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/json-lexer.c b/json-lexer.c
index 6b49047..c21338f 100644
--- a/json-lexer.c
+++ b/json-lexer.c
@@ -105,7 +105,8 @@  static const uint8_t json_lexer[][256] =  {
         ['u'] = IN_DQ_UCODE0,
     },
     [IN_DQ_STRING] = {
-        [1 ... 0xFF] = IN_DQ_STRING,
+        [1 ... 0xBF] = IN_DQ_STRING,
+        [0xC2 ... 0xF4] = IN_DQ_STRING,
         ['\\'] = IN_DQ_STRING_ESCAPE,
         ['"'] = JSON_STRING,
     },
@@ -144,7 +145,8 @@  static const uint8_t json_lexer[][256] =  {
         ['u'] = IN_SQ_UCODE0,
     },
     [IN_SQ_STRING] = {
-        [1 ... 0xFF] = IN_SQ_STRING,
+        [1 ... 0xBF] = IN_SQ_STRING,
+        [0xC2 ... 0xF4] = IN_SQ_STRING,
         ['\\'] = IN_SQ_STRING_ESCAPE,
         ['\''] = JSON_STRING,
     },
@@ -305,10 +307,25 @@  static int json_lexer_feed_char(JSONLexer *lexer, char ch, bool flush)
             new_state = IN_START;
             break;
         case IN_ERROR:
+            /* XXX: To avoid having previous bad input leaving the parser in an
+             * unresponsive state where we consume unpredictable amounts of
+             * subsequent "good" input, percolate this error state up to the
+             * tokenizer/parser by forcing a NULL object to be emitted, then
+             * reset state.
+             *
+             * Also note that this handling is required for reliable channel
+             * negotiation between QMP and the guest agent, since chr(0xFF)
+             * is placed at the beginning of certain events to ensure proper
+             * delivery when the channel is in an unknown state. chr(0xFF) is
+             * never a valid ASCII/UTF-8 sequence, so this should reliably
+             * induce an error/flush state.
+             */
+            lexer->emit(lexer, lexer->token, JSON_ERROR, lexer->x, lexer->y);
             QDECREF(lexer->token);
             lexer->token = qstring_new();
             new_state = IN_START;
-            return -EINVAL;
+            lexer->state = new_state;
+            return 0;
         default:
             break;
         }
@@ -346,7 +363,7 @@  int json_lexer_feed(JSONLexer *lexer, const char *buffer, size_t size)
 
 int json_lexer_flush(JSONLexer *lexer)
 {
-    return lexer->state == IN_START ? 0 : json_lexer_feed_char(lexer, 0);
+    return lexer->state == IN_START ? 0 : json_lexer_feed_char(lexer, 0, true);
 }
 
 void json_lexer_destroy(JSONLexer *lexer)
diff --git a/json-lexer.h b/json-lexer.h
index 3b50c46..10bc0a7 100644
--- a/json-lexer.h
+++ b/json-lexer.h
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@  typedef enum json_token_type {
     JSON_STRING,
     JSON_ESCAPE,
     JSON_SKIP,
+    JSON_ERROR,
 } JSONTokenType;
 
 typedef struct JSONLexer JSONLexer;