ethtool: fix a privilege escalation bug

Message ID 1539013777-1625-1-git-send-email-wang6495@umn.edu
State Under Review
Delegated to: David Miller
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  • ethtool: fix a privilege escalation bug
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Commit Message

Wenwen Wang Oct. 8, 2018, 3:49 p.m.
In dev_ethtool(), the eth command 'ethcmd' is firstly copied from the
use-space buffer 'useraddr' and checked to see whether it is
ETHTOOL_PERQUEUE. If yes, the sub-command 'sub_cmd' is further copied from
the user space. Otherwise, 'sub_cmd' is the same as 'ethcmd'. Next,
according to 'sub_cmd', a permission check is enforced through the function
ns_capable(). For example, the permission check is required if 'sub_cmd' is
ETHTOOL_SCOALESCE, but it is not necessary if 'sub_cmd' is
ETHTOOL_GCOALESCE, as suggested in the comment "Allow some commands to be
done by anyone". The following execution invokes different handlers
according to 'ethcmd'. Specifically, if 'ethcmd' is ETHTOOL_PERQUEUE,
ethtool_set_per_queue() is called. In ethtool_set_per_queue(), the kernel
object 'per_queue_opt' is copied again from the user-space buffer
'useraddr' and 'per_queue_opt.sub_command' is used to determine which
operation should be performed. Given that the buffer 'useraddr' is in the
user space, a malicious user can race to change the sub-command between the
two copies. In particular, the attacker can supply ETHTOOL_PERQUEUE and
ETHTOOL_GCOALESCE to bypass the permission check in dev_ethtool(). Then
before ethtool_set_per_queue() is called, the attacker changes
ETHTOOL_GCOALESCE to ETHTOOL_SCOALESCE. In this way, the attacker can
bypass the permission check and execute ETHTOOL_SCOALESCE.

This patch enforces a check in ethtool_set_per_queue() after the second
copy from 'useraddr'. If the sub-command is different from the one obtained
in the first copy in dev_ethtool(), an error code EINVAL will be returned.

Signed-off-by: Wenwen Wang <wang6495@umn.edu>
---
 net/core/ethtool.c | 8 ++++++--
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

Comments

Michal Kubecek Oct. 8, 2018, 6:03 p.m. | #1
On Mon, Oct 08, 2018 at 10:49:35AM -0500, Wenwen Wang wrote:
> In dev_ethtool(), the eth command 'ethcmd' is firstly copied from the
> use-space buffer 'useraddr' and checked to see whether it is
> ETHTOOL_PERQUEUE. If yes, the sub-command 'sub_cmd' is further copied from
> the user space. Otherwise, 'sub_cmd' is the same as 'ethcmd'. Next,
> according to 'sub_cmd', a permission check is enforced through the function
> ns_capable(). For example, the permission check is required if 'sub_cmd' is
> ETHTOOL_SCOALESCE, but it is not necessary if 'sub_cmd' is
> ETHTOOL_GCOALESCE, as suggested in the comment "Allow some commands to be
> done by anyone". The following execution invokes different handlers
> according to 'ethcmd'. Specifically, if 'ethcmd' is ETHTOOL_PERQUEUE,
> ethtool_set_per_queue() is called. In ethtool_set_per_queue(), the kernel
> object 'per_queue_opt' is copied again from the user-space buffer
> 'useraddr' and 'per_queue_opt.sub_command' is used to determine which
> operation should be performed. Given that the buffer 'useraddr' is in the
> user space, a malicious user can race to change the sub-command between the
> two copies. In particular, the attacker can supply ETHTOOL_PERQUEUE and
> ETHTOOL_GCOALESCE to bypass the permission check in dev_ethtool(). Then
> before ethtool_set_per_queue() is called, the attacker changes
> ETHTOOL_GCOALESCE to ETHTOOL_SCOALESCE. In this way, the attacker can
> bypass the permission check and execute ETHTOOL_SCOALESCE.
> 
> This patch enforces a check in ethtool_set_per_queue() after the second
> copy from 'useraddr'. If the sub-command is different from the one obtained
> in the first copy in dev_ethtool(), an error code EINVAL will be returned.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Wenwen Wang <wang6495@umn.edu>

Reviewed-by: Michal Kubecek <mkubecek@suse.cz>

I'm just not sure if "privilege escalation" is an appropriate term but
at least some sources define it loosely enough to cover also a simple
permission check bypass like this.

Michal Kubecek

> ---
>  net/core/ethtool.c | 8 ++++++--
>  1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/net/core/ethtool.c b/net/core/ethtool.c
> index c9993c6..ccb337e 100644
> --- a/net/core/ethtool.c
> +++ b/net/core/ethtool.c
> @@ -2462,13 +2462,17 @@ static int ethtool_set_per_queue_coalesce(struct net_device *dev,
>  	return ret;
>  }
>  
> -static int ethtool_set_per_queue(struct net_device *dev, void __user *useraddr)
> +static int ethtool_set_per_queue(struct net_device *dev,
> +				 void __user *useraddr, u32 sub_cmd)
>  {
>  	struct ethtool_per_queue_op per_queue_opt;
>  
>  	if (copy_from_user(&per_queue_opt, useraddr, sizeof(per_queue_opt)))
>  		return -EFAULT;
>  
> +	if (per_queue_opt.sub_command != sub_cmd)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
>  	switch (per_queue_opt.sub_command) {
>  	case ETHTOOL_GCOALESCE:
>  		return ethtool_get_per_queue_coalesce(dev, useraddr, &per_queue_opt);
> @@ -2838,7 +2842,7 @@ int dev_ethtool(struct net *net, struct ifreq *ifr)
>  		rc = ethtool_get_phy_stats(dev, useraddr);
>  		break;
>  	case ETHTOOL_PERQUEUE:
> -		rc = ethtool_set_per_queue(dev, useraddr);
> +		rc = ethtool_set_per_queue(dev, useraddr, sub_cmd);
>  		break;
>  	case ETHTOOL_GLINKSETTINGS:
>  		rc = ethtool_get_link_ksettings(dev, useraddr);
> -- 
> 2.7.4
>
Michal Kubecek Oct. 8, 2018, 6:19 p.m. | #2
On Mon, Oct 08, 2018 at 10:49:35AM -0500, Wenwen Wang wrote:
> In dev_ethtool(), the eth command 'ethcmd' is firstly copied from the
> use-space buffer 'useraddr' and checked to see whether it is
> ETHTOOL_PERQUEUE. If yes, the sub-command 'sub_cmd' is further copied from
> the user space. Otherwise, 'sub_cmd' is the same as 'ethcmd'. Next,
> according to 'sub_cmd', a permission check is enforced through the function
> ns_capable(). For example, the permission check is required if 'sub_cmd' is
> ETHTOOL_SCOALESCE, but it is not necessary if 'sub_cmd' is
> ETHTOOL_GCOALESCE, as suggested in the comment "Allow some commands to be
> done by anyone". The following execution invokes different handlers
> according to 'ethcmd'. Specifically, if 'ethcmd' is ETHTOOL_PERQUEUE,
> ethtool_set_per_queue() is called. In ethtool_set_per_queue(), the kernel
> object 'per_queue_opt' is copied again from the user-space buffer
> 'useraddr' and 'per_queue_opt.sub_command' is used to determine which
> operation should be performed. Given that the buffer 'useraddr' is in the
> user space, a malicious user can race to change the sub-command between the
> two copies. In particular, the attacker can supply ETHTOOL_PERQUEUE and
> ETHTOOL_GCOALESCE to bypass the permission check in dev_ethtool(). Then
> before ethtool_set_per_queue() is called, the attacker changes
> ETHTOOL_GCOALESCE to ETHTOOL_SCOALESCE. In this way, the attacker can
> bypass the permission check and execute ETHTOOL_SCOALESCE.
> 
> This patch enforces a check in ethtool_set_per_queue() after the second
> copy from 'useraddr'. If the sub-command is different from the one obtained
> in the first copy in dev_ethtool(), an error code EINVAL will be returned.
> 

Fixes: f38d138a7da6 ("net/ethtool: support set coalesce per queue")

> Signed-off-by: Wenwen Wang <wang6495@umn.edu>
> ---
>  net/core/ethtool.c | 8 ++++++--
>  1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/net/core/ethtool.c b/net/core/ethtool.c
> index c9993c6..ccb337e 100644
> --- a/net/core/ethtool.c
> +++ b/net/core/ethtool.c
> @@ -2462,13 +2462,17 @@ static int ethtool_set_per_queue_coalesce(struct net_device *dev,
>  	return ret;
>  }
>  
> -static int ethtool_set_per_queue(struct net_device *dev, void __user *useraddr)
> +static int ethtool_set_per_queue(struct net_device *dev,
> +				 void __user *useraddr, u32 sub_cmd)
>  {
>  	struct ethtool_per_queue_op per_queue_opt;
>  
>  	if (copy_from_user(&per_queue_opt, useraddr, sizeof(per_queue_opt)))
>  		return -EFAULT;
>  
> +	if (per_queue_opt.sub_command != sub_cmd)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
>  	switch (per_queue_opt.sub_command) {
>  	case ETHTOOL_GCOALESCE:
>  		return ethtool_get_per_queue_coalesce(dev, useraddr, &per_queue_opt);
> @@ -2838,7 +2842,7 @@ int dev_ethtool(struct net *net, struct ifreq *ifr)
>  		rc = ethtool_get_phy_stats(dev, useraddr);
>  		break;
>  	case ETHTOOL_PERQUEUE:
> -		rc = ethtool_set_per_queue(dev, useraddr);
> +		rc = ethtool_set_per_queue(dev, useraddr, sub_cmd);
>  		break;
>  	case ETHTOOL_GLINKSETTINGS:
>  		rc = ethtool_get_link_ksettings(dev, useraddr);
> -- 
> 2.7.4
>

Patch

diff --git a/net/core/ethtool.c b/net/core/ethtool.c
index c9993c6..ccb337e 100644
--- a/net/core/ethtool.c
+++ b/net/core/ethtool.c
@@ -2462,13 +2462,17 @@  static int ethtool_set_per_queue_coalesce(struct net_device *dev,
 	return ret;
 }
 
-static int ethtool_set_per_queue(struct net_device *dev, void __user *useraddr)
+static int ethtool_set_per_queue(struct net_device *dev,
+				 void __user *useraddr, u32 sub_cmd)
 {
 	struct ethtool_per_queue_op per_queue_opt;
 
 	if (copy_from_user(&per_queue_opt, useraddr, sizeof(per_queue_opt)))
 		return -EFAULT;
 
+	if (per_queue_opt.sub_command != sub_cmd)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
 	switch (per_queue_opt.sub_command) {
 	case ETHTOOL_GCOALESCE:
 		return ethtool_get_per_queue_coalesce(dev, useraddr, &per_queue_opt);
@@ -2838,7 +2842,7 @@  int dev_ethtool(struct net *net, struct ifreq *ifr)
 		rc = ethtool_get_phy_stats(dev, useraddr);
 		break;
 	case ETHTOOL_PERQUEUE:
-		rc = ethtool_set_per_queue(dev, useraddr);
+		rc = ethtool_set_per_queue(dev, useraddr, sub_cmd);
 		break;
 	case ETHTOOL_GLINKSETTINGS:
 		rc = ethtool_get_link_ksettings(dev, useraddr);