Patchwork [16/26] target-xtensa: implement exceptions

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Submitter Max Filippov
Date May 17, 2011, 10:32 p.m.
Message ID <1305671572-5899-17-git-send-email-jcmvbkbc@gmail.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/96077/
State New
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Comments

Max Filippov - May 17, 2011, 10:32 p.m.
- mark privileged opcodes with ring check;
- make debug exception on exception handler entry.

Signed-off-by: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com>
---
RFC -> PATCH changes:
- make privilege_check based on mem_index;
---
 cpu-exec.c                |    6 +++
 target-xtensa/cpu.h       |  103 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 target-xtensa/helper.c    |   39 +++++++++++++++-
 target-xtensa/helpers.h   |    2 +
 target-xtensa/op_helper.c |   29 ++++++++++++
 target-xtensa/translate.c |  110 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 6 files changed, 282 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/cpu-exec.c b/cpu-exec.c
index 8787825..d7ad74d 100644
--- a/cpu-exec.c
+++ b/cpu-exec.c
@@ -565,6 +565,12 @@  int cpu_exec(CPUState *env1)
                         do_interrupt(env);
                         next_tb = 0;
                     }
+#elif defined(TARGET_XTENSA)
+                    if (interrupt_request & CPU_INTERRUPT_HARD) {
+                        env->exception_index = EXC_IRQ;
+                        do_interrupt(env);
+                        next_tb = 0;
+                    }
 #endif
                    /* Don't use the cached interrupt_request value,
                       do_interrupt may have updated the EXITTB flag. */
diff --git a/target-xtensa/cpu.h b/target-xtensa/cpu.h
index d518cab..52fcf18 100644
--- a/target-xtensa/cpu.h
+++ b/target-xtensa/cpu.h
@@ -108,11 +108,86 @@  enum {
 enum {
     SAR = 3,
     SCOMPARE1 = 12,
+    EPC1 = 177,
+    DEPC = 192,
+    EXCSAVE1 = 209,
+    PS = 230,
+    EXCCAUSE = 232,
+    EXCVADDR = 238,
+};
+
+#define PS_INTLEVEL 0xf
+#define PS_INTLEVEL_SHIFT 0
+
+#define PS_EXCM 0x10
+#define PS_UM 0x20
+
+#define PS_RING 0xc0
+#define PS_RING_SHIFT 6
+
+#define PS_OWB 0xf00
+#define PS_OWB_SHIFT 8
+
+#define PS_CALLINC 0x30000
+#define PS_CALLINC_SHIFT 16
+#define PS_CALLINC_LEN 2
+
+#define PS_WOE 0x40000
+
+enum {
+    /* Static vectors */
+    EXC_RESET,
+    EXC_MEMORY_ERROR,
+
+    /* Dynamic vectors */
+    EXC_WINDOW_OVERFLOW4,
+    EXC_WINDOW_UNDERFLOW4,
+    EXC_WINDOW_OVERFLOW8,
+    EXC_WINDOW_UNDERFLOW8,
+    EXC_WINDOW_OVERFLOW12,
+    EXC_WINDOW_UNDERFLOW12,
+    EXC_IRQ,
+    EXC_KERNEL,
+    EXC_USER,
+    EXC_DOUBLE,
+    EXC_MAX
+};
+
+enum {
+    ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION_CAUSE = 0,
+    SYSCALL_CAUSE,
+    INSTRUCTION_FETCH_ERROR_CAUSE,
+    LOAD_STORE_ERROR_CAUSE,
+    LEVEL1_INTERRUPT_CAUSE,
+    ALLOCA_CAUSE,
+    INTEGER_DIVIDE_BY_ZERO_CAUSE,
+    PRIVILEGED_CAUSE = 8,
+    LOAD_STORE_ALIGNMENT_CAUSE,
+
+    INSTR_PIF_DATA_ERROR_CAUSE = 12,
+    LOAD_STORE_PIF_DATA_ERROR_CAUSE,
+    INSTR_PIF_ADDR_ERROR_CAUSE,
+    LOAD_STORE_PIF_ADDR_ERROR_CAUSE,
+
+    INST_TLB_MISS_CAUSE,
+    INST_TLB_MULTI_HIT_CAUSE,
+    INST_FETCH_PRIVILEGE_CAUSE,
+    INST_FETCH_PROHIBITED_CAUSE = 20,
+    LOAD_STORE_TLB_MISS_CAUSE = 24,
+    LOAD_STORE_TLB_MULTI_HIT_CAUSE,
+    LOAD_STORE_PRIVILEGE_CAUSE,
+    LOAD_PROHIBITED_CAUSE = 28,
+    STORE_PROHIBITED_CAUSE,
+
+    COPROCESSOR0_DISABLED = 32,
 };
 
 typedef struct XtensaConfig {
     const char *name;
     uint64_t options;
+    int excm_level;
+    int ndepc;
+    uint32_t exception_vector[EXC_MAX];
 } XtensaConfig;
 
 typedef struct CPUXtensaState {
@@ -122,6 +197,8 @@  typedef struct CPUXtensaState {
     uint32_t sregs[256];
     uint32_t uregs[256];
 
+    int exception_taken;
+
     CPU_COMMON
 } CPUXtensaState;
 
@@ -143,9 +220,33 @@  static inline int xtensa_option_enabled(const XtensaConfig *config, int opt)
     return (config->options & (((uint64_t)1) << (opt))) != 0;
 }
 
+static inline int xtensa_get_cintlevel(const CPUState *env)
+{
+    int level = (env->sregs[PS] & PS_INTLEVEL) >> PS_INTLEVEL_SHIFT;
+    if ((env->sregs[PS] & PS_EXCM) && env->config->excm_level > level) {
+        level = env->config->excm_level;
+    }
+    return level;
+}
+
+static inline int xtensa_get_cring(const CPUState *env)
+{
+    if (xtensa_option_enabled(env->config, XTENSA_OPTION_MMU) &&
+            (env->sregs[PS] & PS_EXCM) == 0) {
+        return (env->sregs[PS] & PS_RING) >> PS_RING_SHIFT;
+    } else {
+        return 0;
+    }
+}
+
+/* MMU modes definitions */
+#define MMU_MODE0_SUFFIX _kernel
+#define MMU_MODE1_SUFFIX _user
+#define MMU_USER_IDX 1
+
 static inline int cpu_mmu_index(CPUState *env)
 {
-    return 0;
+    return xtensa_get_cring(env) != 0;
 }
 
 static inline void cpu_get_tb_cpu_state(CPUState *env, target_ulong *pc,
diff --git a/target-xtensa/helper.c b/target-xtensa/helper.c
index c6ffcc9..db61bbb 100644
--- a/target-xtensa/helper.c
+++ b/target-xtensa/helper.c
@@ -36,13 +36,29 @@ 
 
 void cpu_reset(CPUXtensaState *env)
 {
-    env->pc = 0;
+    env->exception_taken = 0;
+    env->pc = env->config->exception_vector[EXC_RESET];
+    env->sregs[PS] = 0x1f;
 }
 
 static const XtensaConfig core_config[] = {
     {
         .name = "sample-xtensa-core",
         .options = -1,
+        .ndepc = 1,
+        .excm_level = 16,
+        .exception_vector = {
+            [EXC_RESET] = 0x5fff8000,
+            [EXC_WINDOW_OVERFLOW4] = 0x5fff8400,
+            [EXC_WINDOW_UNDERFLOW4] = 0x5fff8440,
+            [EXC_WINDOW_OVERFLOW8] = 0x5fff8480,
+            [EXC_WINDOW_UNDERFLOW8] = 0x5fff84c0,
+            [EXC_WINDOW_OVERFLOW12] = 0x5fff8500,
+            [EXC_WINDOW_UNDERFLOW12] = 0x5fff8540,
+            [EXC_KERNEL] = 0x5fff861c,
+            [EXC_USER] = 0x5fff863c,
+            [EXC_DOUBLE] = 0x5fff865c,
+        },
     },
 };
 
@@ -93,4 +109,25 @@  target_phys_addr_t cpu_get_phys_page_debug(CPUState *env, target_ulong addr)
 
 void do_interrupt(CPUState *env)
 {
+    switch (env->exception_index) {
+    case EXC_WINDOW_OVERFLOW4:
+    case EXC_WINDOW_UNDERFLOW4:
+    case EXC_WINDOW_OVERFLOW8:
+    case EXC_WINDOW_UNDERFLOW8:
+    case EXC_WINDOW_OVERFLOW12:
+    case EXC_WINDOW_UNDERFLOW12:
+    case EXC_KERNEL:
+    case EXC_USER:
+    case EXC_DOUBLE:
+        if (env->config->exception_vector[env->exception_index]) {
+            env->pc = env->config->exception_vector[env->exception_index];
+            env->exception_taken = 1;
+        } else {
+            qemu_log("%s(pc = %08x) bad exception_index: %d\n",
+                    __func__, env->pc, env->exception_index);
+        }
+        break;
+
+    }
+    env->interrupt_request |= CPU_INTERRUPT_EXITTB;
 }
diff --git a/target-xtensa/helpers.h b/target-xtensa/helpers.h
index 976c8d8..6329c43 100644
--- a/target-xtensa/helpers.h
+++ b/target-xtensa/helpers.h
@@ -1,6 +1,8 @@ 
 #include "def-helper.h"
 
 DEF_HELPER_1(exception, void, i32)
+DEF_HELPER_2(exception_cause, void, i32, i32)
+DEF_HELPER_3(exception_cause_vaddr, void, i32, i32, i32)
 DEF_HELPER_1(nsa, i32, i32)
 DEF_HELPER_1(nsau, i32, i32)
 
diff --git a/target-xtensa/op_helper.c b/target-xtensa/op_helper.c
index 91a24cf..c10671a 100644
--- a/target-xtensa/op_helper.c
+++ b/target-xtensa/op_helper.c
@@ -58,6 +58,35 @@  void HELPER(exception)(uint32_t excp)
     cpu_loop_exit();
 }
 
+void HELPER(exception_cause)(uint32_t pc, uint32_t cause)
+{
+    uint32_t vector;
+
+    env->pc = pc;
+    if (env->sregs[PS] & PS_EXCM) {
+        if (env->config->ndepc) {
+            env->sregs[DEPC] = pc;
+        } else {
+            env->sregs[EPC1] = pc;
+        }
+        vector = EXC_DOUBLE;
+    } else {
+        env->sregs[EPC1] = pc;
+        vector = (env->sregs[PS] & PS_UM) ? EXC_USER : EXC_KERNEL;
+    }
+
+    env->sregs[EXCCAUSE] = cause;
+    env->sregs[PS] |= PS_EXCM;
+
+    HELPER(exception)(vector);
+}
+
+void HELPER(exception_cause_vaddr)(uint32_t pc, uint32_t cause, uint32_t vaddr)
+{
+    env->sregs[EXCVADDR] = vaddr;
+    HELPER(exception_cause)(pc, cause);
+}
+
 uint32_t HELPER(nsa)(uint32_t v)
 {
     if (v & 0x80000000) {
diff --git a/target-xtensa/translate.c b/target-xtensa/translate.c
index d3509b3..7deda1b 100644
--- a/target-xtensa/translate.c
+++ b/target-xtensa/translate.c
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@  typedef struct DisasContext {
     TranslationBlock *tb;
     uint32_t pc;
     uint32_t next_pc;
+    int mem_idx;
     int is_jmp;
     int singlestep_enabled;
 
@@ -65,6 +66,12 @@  static TCGv_i32 cpu_UR[256];
 static const char * const sregnames[256] = {
     [SAR] = "SAR",
     [SCOMPARE1] = "SCOMPARE1",
+    [EPC1] = "EPC1",
+    [DEPC] = "DEPC",
+    [EXCSAVE1] = "EXCSAVE1",
+    [PS] = "PS",
+    [EXCCAUSE] = "EXCCAUSE",
+    [EXCVADDR] = "EXCVADDR",
 };
 
 static const char * const uregnames[256] = {
@@ -153,6 +160,22 @@  static void gen_exception(int excp)
     tcg_temp_free(tmp);
 }
 
+static void gen_exception_cause(DisasContext *dc, uint32_t cause)
+{
+    TCGv_i32 _pc = tcg_const_i32(dc->pc);
+    TCGv_i32 _cause = tcg_const_i32(cause);
+    gen_helper_exception_cause(_pc, _cause);
+    tcg_temp_free(_pc);
+    tcg_temp_free(_cause);
+}
+
+static void gen_check_privilege(DisasContext *dc)
+{
+    if (dc->mem_idx) {
+        gen_exception_cause(dc, PRIVILEGED_CAUSE);
+    }
+}
+
 static void gen_jump_slot(DisasContext *dc, TCGv dest, int slot)
 {
     tcg_gen_mov_i32(cpu_pc, dest);
@@ -366,7 +389,7 @@  static void disas_xtensa_insn(DisasContext *dc)
                 case 0: /*SNM0*/
                     switch (CALLX_M) {
                     case 0: /*ILL*/
-                        TBD();
+                        gen_exception_cause(dc, ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION_CAUSE);
                         break;
 
                     case 1: /*reserved*/
@@ -453,7 +476,52 @@  static void disas_xtensa_insn(DisasContext *dc)
                     break;
 
                 case 3: /*RFEIx*/
-                    TBD();
+                    switch (RRR_T) {
+                    case 0: /*RFETx*/
+                        HAS_OPTION(XTENSA_OPTION_EXCEPTION);
+                        switch (RRR_S) {
+                        case 0: /*RFEx*/
+                            gen_check_privilege(dc);
+                            tcg_gen_andi_i32(cpu_SR[PS], cpu_SR[PS], ~PS_EXCM);
+                            gen_jump(dc, cpu_SR[EPC1]);
+                            break;
+
+                        case 1: /*RFUEx*/
+                            RESERVED();
+                            break;
+
+                        case 2: /*RFDEx*/
+                            gen_check_privilege(dc);
+                            gen_jump(dc, cpu_SR[
+                                    dc->config->ndepc ? DEPC : EPC1]);
+                            break;
+
+                        case 4: /*RFWOw*/
+                        case 5: /*RFWUw*/
+                            HAS_OPTION(XTENSA_OPTION_WINDOWED_REGISTER);
+                            TBD();
+                            break;
+
+                        default: /*reserved*/
+                            RESERVED();
+                            break;
+                        }
+                        break;
+
+                    case 1: /*RFIx*/
+                        HAS_OPTION(XTENSA_OPTION_HIGH_PRIORITY_INTERRUPT);
+                        TBD();
+                        break;
+
+                    case 2: /*RFME*/
+                        TBD();
+                        break;
+
+                    default: /*reserved*/
+                        RESERVED();
+                        break;
+
+                    }
                     break;
 
                 case 4: /*BREAKx*/
@@ -463,12 +531,28 @@  static void disas_xtensa_insn(DisasContext *dc)
 
                 case 5: /*SYSCALLx*/
                     HAS_OPTION(XTENSA_OPTION_EXCEPTION);
-                    TBD();
+                    switch (RRR_S) {
+                    case 0: /*SYSCALLx*/
+                        gen_exception_cause(dc, SYSCALL_CAUSE);
+                        break;
+
+                    case 1: /*SIMCALL*/
+                        TBD();
+                        break;
+
+                    default:
+                        RESERVED();
+                        break;
+                    }
                     break;
 
                 case 6: /*RSILx*/
                     HAS_OPTION(XTENSA_OPTION_INTERRUPT);
-                    TBD();
+                    gen_check_privilege(dc);
+                    tcg_gen_mov_i32(cpu_R[RRR_T], cpu_SR[PS]);
+                    tcg_gen_ori_i32(cpu_SR[PS], cpu_SR[PS], RRR_S);
+                    tcg_gen_andi_i32(cpu_SR[PS], cpu_SR[PS],
+                            RRR_S | ~PS_INTLEVEL);
                     break;
 
                 case 7: /*WAITIx*/
@@ -665,6 +749,9 @@  static void disas_xtensa_insn(DisasContext *dc)
             case 6: /*XSR*/
                 {
                     TCGv_i32 tmp = tcg_temp_new_i32();
+                    if (RSR_SR >= 64) {
+                        gen_check_privilege(dc);
+                    }
                     tcg_gen_mov_i32(tmp, cpu_R[RRR_T]);
                     gen_rsr(dc, cpu_R[RRR_T], RSR_SR);
                     gen_wsr(dc, RSR_SR, tmp);
@@ -773,6 +860,9 @@  static void disas_xtensa_insn(DisasContext *dc)
         case 3: /*RST3*/
             switch (_OP2) {
             case 0: /*RSR*/
+                if (RSR_SR >= 64) {
+                    gen_check_privilege(dc);
+                }
                 gen_rsr(dc, cpu_R[RRR_T], RSR_SR);
                 if (!sregnames[RSR_SR]) {
                     TBD();
@@ -780,6 +870,9 @@  static void disas_xtensa_insn(DisasContext *dc)
                 break;
 
             case 1: /*WSR*/
+                if (RSR_SR >= 64) {
+                    gen_check_privilege(dc);
+                }
                 gen_wsr(dc, RSR_SR, cpu_R[RRR_T]);
                 if (!sregnames[RSR_SR]) {
                     TBD();
@@ -1394,7 +1487,7 @@  static void disas_xtensa_insn(DisasContext *dc)
                 break;
 
             case 6: /*ILL.Nn*/
-                TBD();
+                gen_exception_cause(dc, ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION_CAUSE);
                 break;
 
             default: /*reserved*/
@@ -1457,12 +1550,19 @@  static void gen_intermediate_code_internal(
     dc.singlestep_enabled = env->singlestep_enabled;
     dc.tb = tb;
     dc.pc = env->pc;
+    dc.mem_idx = cpu_mmu_index(env);
     dc.is_jmp = DISAS_NEXT;
 
     reset_sar_tracker(&dc);
 
     gen_icount_start();
 
+    if (env->singlestep_enabled && env->exception_taken) {
+        env->exception_taken = 0;
+        tcg_gen_movi_i32(cpu_pc, dc.pc);
+        gen_exception(EXCP_DEBUG);
+    }
+
     do {
         check_breakpoint(env, &dc);