[v6,4/8] qcow2: Assign the L2 cache relatively to the image size

Message ID 20180809215307.18241-5-lbloch@janustech.com
State New
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Series
  • qcow2: Take the image size into account when allocating the L2 cache
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Commit Message

Leonid Bloch Aug. 9, 2018, 9:53 p.m.
Sufficient L2 cache can noticeably improve the performance when using
large images with frequent I/O.

Previously, the L2 cache was allocated without considering the image
size, and an option existed to manually determine its size. Thus to
achieve a full coverage of an image by the L2 cache (i.e. use more than
the default value of MAX(1 MB, 8 clusters)), a user needed to calculate
the required size manually, or with a script, and pass this value to the
'l2-cache-size' option.

Now, the L2 cache is assigned taking the actual image size into account,
and will cover the entire image, unless the size needed for that is
larger than a certain maximum. This maximum is set to 1 MB by default
(enough to cover an 8 GB image with the default cluster size) but can
be increased or decreased using the 'l2-cache-size' option. This option
was previously documented as the *maximum* L2 cache size, and this patch
makes it behave as such, instead of as a constant size. Also, the
existing option 'cache-size' can limit the sum of both L2 and refcount
caches, as previously.

Signed-off-by: Leonid Bloch <lbloch@janustech.com>
---
 block/qcow2.c              | 22 ++++++++++------------
 block/qcow2.h              |  4 +---
 docs/qcow2-cache.txt       | 13 ++++++++-----
 qemu-options.hx            |  6 +++---
 tests/qemu-iotests/137     |  1 -
 tests/qemu-iotests/137.out |  1 -
 6 files changed, 22 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/block/qcow2.c b/block/qcow2.c
index a8b65189fc..434fb89076 100644
--- a/block/qcow2.c
+++ b/block/qcow2.c
@@ -777,16 +777,19 @@  static void read_cache_sizes(BlockDriverState *bs, QemuOpts *opts,
                              uint64_t *refcount_cache_size, Error **errp)
 {
     BDRVQcow2State *s = bs->opaque;
-    uint64_t combined_cache_size;
+    uint64_t combined_cache_size, l2_cache_max_setting;
     bool l2_cache_size_set, refcount_cache_size_set, combined_cache_size_set;
     int min_refcount_cache = MIN_REFCOUNT_CACHE_SIZE * s->cluster_size;
+    uint64_t virtual_disk_size = bs->total_sectors * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE;
+    uint64_t max_l2_cache = virtual_disk_size / (s->cluster_size / 8);
 
     combined_cache_size_set = qemu_opt_get(opts, QCOW2_OPT_CACHE_SIZE);
     l2_cache_size_set = qemu_opt_get(opts, QCOW2_OPT_L2_CACHE_SIZE);
     refcount_cache_size_set = qemu_opt_get(opts, QCOW2_OPT_REFCOUNT_CACHE_SIZE);
 
     combined_cache_size = qemu_opt_get_size(opts, QCOW2_OPT_CACHE_SIZE, 0);
-    *l2_cache_size = qemu_opt_get_size(opts, QCOW2_OPT_L2_CACHE_SIZE, 0);
+    l2_cache_max_setting = qemu_opt_get_size(opts, QCOW2_OPT_L2_CACHE_SIZE,
+                                             DEFAULT_L2_CACHE_MAX_SIZE);
     *refcount_cache_size = qemu_opt_get_size(opts,
                                              QCOW2_OPT_REFCOUNT_CACHE_SIZE, 0);
 
@@ -794,13 +797,16 @@  static void read_cache_sizes(BlockDriverState *bs, QemuOpts *opts,
                                              QCOW2_OPT_L2_CACHE_ENTRY_SIZE,
                                              s->cluster_size);
 
+    *l2_cache_size = MIN(max_l2_cache, l2_cache_max_setting);
+
     if (combined_cache_size_set) {
         if (l2_cache_size_set && refcount_cache_size_set) {
             error_setg(errp, QCOW2_OPT_CACHE_SIZE ", " QCOW2_OPT_L2_CACHE_SIZE
                        " and " QCOW2_OPT_REFCOUNT_CACHE_SIZE " may not be set "
                        "at the same time");
             return;
-        } else if (*l2_cache_size > combined_cache_size) {
+        } else if (l2_cache_size_set &&
+                   (l2_cache_max_setting > combined_cache_size)) {
             error_setg(errp, QCOW2_OPT_L2_CACHE_SIZE " may not exceed "
                        QCOW2_OPT_CACHE_SIZE);
             return;
@@ -815,13 +821,9 @@  static void read_cache_sizes(BlockDriverState *bs, QemuOpts *opts,
         } else if (refcount_cache_size_set) {
             *l2_cache_size = combined_cache_size - *refcount_cache_size;
         } else {
-            uint64_t virtual_disk_size = bs->total_sectors * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE;
-            uint64_t max_l2_cache = virtual_disk_size / (s->cluster_size / 8);
-
             /* Assign as much memory as possible to the L2 cache, and
              * use the remainder for the refcount cache */
-            if (combined_cache_size >= max_l2_cache + min_refcount_cache) {
-                *l2_cache_size = max_l2_cache;
+            if (combined_cache_size >= *l2_cache_size + min_refcount_cache) {
                 *refcount_cache_size = combined_cache_size - *l2_cache_size;
             } else {
                 *refcount_cache_size = MIN(combined_cache_size,
@@ -829,10 +831,6 @@  static void read_cache_sizes(BlockDriverState *bs, QemuOpts *opts,
                 *l2_cache_size = combined_cache_size - *refcount_cache_size;
             }
         }
-    } else if (!l2_cache_size_set) {
-        *l2_cache_size = MAX(DEFAULT_L2_CACHE_BYTE_SIZE,
-                             (uint64_t)DEFAULT_L2_CACHE_CLUSTERS
-                             * s->cluster_size);
     }
     /* If refcount-cache-size is not specified, it will be set to minimum
      * in qcow2_update_options_prepare(). No need to set it here. */
diff --git a/block/qcow2.h b/block/qcow2.h
index 81b844e936..0bab3d8b94 100644
--- a/block/qcow2.h
+++ b/block/qcow2.h
@@ -73,9 +73,7 @@ 
 /* Must be at least 4 to cover all cases of refcount table growth */
 #define MIN_REFCOUNT_CACHE_SIZE 4 /* clusters */
 
-/* Whichever is more */
-#define DEFAULT_L2_CACHE_CLUSTERS 8 /* clusters */
-#define DEFAULT_L2_CACHE_BYTE_SIZE 1048576 /* bytes */
+#define DEFAULT_L2_CACHE_MAX_SIZE 1048576  /* bytes */
 
 #define DEFAULT_CLUSTER_SIZE 65536
 
diff --git a/docs/qcow2-cache.txt b/docs/qcow2-cache.txt
index 0f157d859a..69af306267 100644
--- a/docs/qcow2-cache.txt
+++ b/docs/qcow2-cache.txt
@@ -124,8 +124,11 @@  There are a few things that need to be taken into account:
  - Both caches must have a size that is a multiple of the cluster size
    (or the cache entry size: see "Using smaller cache sizes" below).
 
- - The default L2 cache size is 8 clusters or 1MB (whichever is more),
-   and the minimum is 2 clusters (or 2 cache entries, see below).
+ - The default L2 cache size will cover the entire virtual size of an
+   image, up to a certain maximum. This maximum is 1 MB by default
+   (enough for image sizes of up to 8 GB with the default cluster size)
+   and it can be reduced or enlarged using the "l2-cache-size" option.
+   The minimum is 2 clusters (or 2 cache entries, see below).
 
  - The default (and minimum) refcount cache size is 4 clusters.
 
@@ -183,9 +186,9 @@  Some things to take into account:
    always uses the cluster size as the entry size.
 
  - If the L2 cache is big enough to hold all of the image's L2 tables
-   (as explained in the "Choosing the right cache sizes" section
-   earlier in this document) then none of this is necessary and you
-   can omit the "l2-cache-entry-size" parameter altogether.
+   (the default behavior for images of up to 8 GB in size) then none
+   of this is necessary and you can omit the "l2-cache-entry-size"
+   parameter altogether.
 
 
 Reducing the memory usage
diff --git a/qemu-options.hx b/qemu-options.hx
index f6804758d3..22e8e2d113 100644
--- a/qemu-options.hx
+++ b/qemu-options.hx
@@ -756,9 +756,9 @@  The maximum total size of the L2 table and refcount block caches in bytes
 
 @item l2-cache-size
 The maximum size of the L2 table cache in bytes
-(default: if cache-size is not defined - 1048576 bytes or 8 clusters, whichever
-is larger; otherwise, as large as possible or needed within the cache-size,
-while permitting the requested or the minimal refcount cache size)
+(default: if cache-size is not specified - 1M; otherwise, as large as possible
+within the cache-size, while permitting the requested or the minimal refcount
+cache size)
 
 @item refcount-cache-size
 The maximum size of the refcount block cache in bytes
diff --git a/tests/qemu-iotests/137 b/tests/qemu-iotests/137
index 87965625d8..e3fb078588 100755
--- a/tests/qemu-iotests/137
+++ b/tests/qemu-iotests/137
@@ -109,7 +109,6 @@  $QEMU_IO \
     -c "reopen -o cache-size=1M,l2-cache-size=64k,refcount-cache-size=64k" \
     -c "reopen -o cache-size=1M,l2-cache-size=2M" \
     -c "reopen -o cache-size=1M,refcount-cache-size=2M" \
-    -c "reopen -o l2-cache-size=256T" \
     -c "reopen -o l2-cache-entry-size=33k" \
     -c "reopen -o l2-cache-entry-size=128k" \
     -c "reopen -o refcount-cache-size=256T" \
diff --git a/tests/qemu-iotests/137.out b/tests/qemu-iotests/137.out
index 6a2ffc71fd..70f245ae7a 100644
--- a/tests/qemu-iotests/137.out
+++ b/tests/qemu-iotests/137.out
@@ -19,7 +19,6 @@  Parameter 'lazy-refcounts' expects 'on' or 'off'
 cache-size, l2-cache-size and refcount-cache-size may not be set at the same time
 l2-cache-size may not exceed cache-size
 refcount-cache-size may not exceed cache-size
-L2 cache size too big
 L2 cache entry size must be a power of two between 512 and the cluster size (65536)
 L2 cache entry size must be a power of two between 512 and the cluster size (65536)
 Refcount cache size too big