Patchwork [v2] Import Linux headers for KVM and vhost

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Submitter Jan Kiszka
Date May 3, 2011, 4:48 p.m.
Message ID <4DC031CC.1040902@siemens.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/93837/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Jan Kiszka - May 3, 2011, 4:48 p.m.
This helps reducing our build-time checks for feature support in the
available Linux kernel headers. And it helps users that do not have
sufficiently recent headers installed on their build machine.

Header upstate is triggered via

    scripts/update-linux-headers.sh LINUX_PATH

from the top-level QEMU source directory.

Consequently, the patch removes and build-time checks for kvm and vhost
in configure, and also the --kerneldir switch. Kernel headers are
supposed to be provided by QEMU only.

Kernel headers were automatically imported from current kvm.git,
93c016c8c4. Some are not covered by any license and can be considered
GPLv2 with user space exception. Some are explicitly GPLv2 - at least
for QEMU that's fine in any case. Others are "BSD" which shall to be
considered a compatible variant according to Rusty.

Signed-off-by: Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka@siemens.com>
---

v2:
 - push update into a script
 - made kernel path mandatory
 - included kernel header (may break the build otherwise)
 - removed obsolete --kerneldir configure switch

 Makefile.target                 |    2 +-
 configure                       |  131 +------
 include/asm-powerpc/kvm.h       |   91 +++++
 include/asm-powerpc/kvm_para.h  |   53 +++
 include/asm-s390/kvm.h          |   44 +++
 include/asm-s390/kvm_para.h     |   17 +
 include/asm-x86/hyperv.h        |  193 ++++++++++
 include/asm-x86/kvm.h           |  324 ++++++++++++++++
 include/asm-x86/kvm_para.h      |   79 ++++
 include/linux/kvm.h             |  803 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/kvm_para.h        |   29 ++
 include/linux/vhost.h           |  130 +++++++
 include/linux/virtio_config.h   |   31 ++
 include/linux/virtio_ring.h     |  113 ++++++
 scripts/update-linux-headers.sh |   47 +++
 15 files changed, 1973 insertions(+), 114 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 include/asm-powerpc/kvm.h
 create mode 100644 include/asm-powerpc/kvm_para.h
 create mode 100644 include/asm-s390/kvm.h
 create mode 100644 include/asm-s390/kvm_para.h
 create mode 100644 include/asm-x86/hyperv.h
 create mode 100644 include/asm-x86/kvm.h
 create mode 100644 include/asm-x86/kvm_para.h
 create mode 100644 include/linux/kvm.h
 create mode 100644 include/linux/kvm_para.h
 create mode 100644 include/linux/vhost.h
 create mode 100644 include/linux/virtio_config.h
 create mode 100644 include/linux/virtio_ring.h
 create mode 100755 scripts/update-linux-headers.sh
Avi Kivity - May 3, 2011, 4:55 p.m.
On 05/03/2011 07:48 PM, Jan Kiszka wrote:
> This helps reducing our build-time checks for feature support in the
> available Linux kernel headers. And it helps users that do not have
> sufficiently recent headers installed on their build machine.
>
> Header upstate is triggered via
>
>      scripts/update-linux-headers.sh LINUX_PATH
>
> from the top-level QEMU source directory.
>
> Consequently, the patch removes and build-time checks for kvm and vhost
> in configure, and also the --kerneldir switch. Kernel headers are
> supposed to be provided by QEMU only.
>
> Kernel headers were automatically imported from current kvm.git,
> 93c016c8c4. Some are not covered by any license and can be considered
> GPLv2 with user space exception. Some are explicitly GPLv2 - at least
> for QEMU that's fine in any case. Others are "BSD" which shall to be
> considered a compatible variant according to Rusty.

Reluctant ack.

(though for commit log cleanliness, the scripts and the headers should 
be in separate commits)
Jan Kiszka - May 3, 2011, 5:09 p.m.
On 2011-05-03 18:55, Avi Kivity wrote:
> On 05/03/2011 07:48 PM, Jan Kiszka wrote:
>> This helps reducing our build-time checks for feature support in the
>> available Linux kernel headers. And it helps users that do not have
>> sufficiently recent headers installed on their build machine.
>>
>> Header upstate is triggered via
>>
>>      scripts/update-linux-headers.sh LINUX_PATH
>>
>> from the top-level QEMU source directory.
>>
>> Consequently, the patch removes and build-time checks for kvm and vhost
>> in configure, and also the --kerneldir switch. Kernel headers are
>> supposed to be provided by QEMU only.
>>
>> Kernel headers were automatically imported from current kvm.git,
>> 93c016c8c4. Some are not covered by any license and can be considered
>> GPLv2 with user space exception. Some are explicitly GPLv2 - at least
>> for QEMU that's fine in any case. Others are "BSD" which shall to be
>> considered a compatible variant according to Rusty.
> 
> Reluctant ack.

What downsides do you see?

> 
> (though for commit log cleanliness, the scripts and the headers should 
> be in separate commits)
> 

I'll split up in thread parts: script, headers, build system changes.

Jan
Avi Kivity - May 3, 2011, 5:13 p.m.
On 05/03/2011 08:09 PM, Jan Kiszka wrote:
> >
> >  Reluctant ack.
>
> What downsides do you see?

The usual "it shouldn't be this way".  Every other package (including, I 
think, glibc) uses the sanitized system headers.  Except for kvm-kmod, 
the system headers are always available.

But if it's causing people pain, I don't want to insist.
Peter Maydell - May 3, 2011, 5:30 p.m.
On 3 May 2011 17:48, Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka@siemens.com> wrote:
> Kernel headers were automatically imported from current kvm.git,
> 93c016c8c4. Some are not covered by any license and can be considered
> GPLv2 with user space exception.

Hmm. Can't we just get whoever owns those files to apply a suitable
copyright and license header to them? Committing files to qemu.git
which don't have a clear (and clearly stated) copyright/license seems
like a bad plan to me...

-- PMM
Edgar Iglesias - May 3, 2011, 5:32 p.m.
On Tue, May 03, 2011 at 08:13:04PM +0300, Avi Kivity wrote:
> On 05/03/2011 08:09 PM, Jan Kiszka wrote:
> > >
> > >  Reluctant ack.
> >
> > What downsides do you see?
> 
> The usual "it shouldn't be this way".  Every other package (including, I 
> think, glibc) uses the sanitized system headers.  Except for kvm-kmod, 
> the system headers are always available.

I agree, it doesn't feel quite right to bring in the headers. I don't have
any alternative suggestions (besides better HOWTOs/Documentation) though. 

Cheers
Jan Kiszka - May 3, 2011, 5:39 p.m.
On 2011-05-03 19:32, Edgar E. Iglesias wrote:
> On Tue, May 03, 2011 at 08:13:04PM +0300, Avi Kivity wrote:
>> On 05/03/2011 08:09 PM, Jan Kiszka wrote:
>>>>
>>>>  Reluctant ack.
>>>
>>> What downsides do you see?
>>
>> The usual "it shouldn't be this way".  Every other package (including, I 
>> think, glibc) uses the sanitized system headers.  Except for kvm-kmod, 
>> the system headers are always available.
> 
> I agree, it doesn't feel quite right to bring in the headers. I don't have
> any alternative suggestions (besides better HOWTOs/Documentation) though. 

Again, the downside of the current approach are:
 - outdated distro headers silently disable features during build time
   (happened to me with vhost e.g.)
 - build breakages against older kernels / headers are pre-programmed
   as hardly anyone tests all the possible combinations
 - tons of #ifdef in the code + configure checks to catch the possible
   combinations

Also note that [1] recommends this approach as well. I'm not aware of
good examples, but I would be fairly surprised if we were the first to
do this.

Jan

[1] http://kernelnewbies.org/KernelHeaders
Jan Kiszka - May 3, 2011, 5:42 p.m.
On 2011-05-03 19:30, Peter Maydell wrote:
> On 3 May 2011 17:48, Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka@siemens.com> wrote:
>> Kernel headers were automatically imported from current kvm.git,
>> 93c016c8c4. Some are not covered by any license and can be considered
>> GPLv2 with user space exception.
> 
> Hmm. Can't we just get whoever owns those files to apply a suitable
> copyright and license header to them? Committing files to qemu.git
> which don't have a clear (and clearly stated) copyright/license seems
> like a bad plan to me...

I will discuss this internally again (with those people running the
result through FOSSology sooner or later anyway).

What about auto-importing the Linux top-level license file as well and
putting it under include/? That would replicate what you find in Linux
today and should at least maintain the level of pain, not increase it.

Jan
Anthony Liguori - May 3, 2011, 5:45 p.m.
On 05/03/2011 12:30 PM, Peter Maydell wrote:
> On 3 May 2011 17:48, Jan Kiszka<jan.kiszka@siemens.com>  wrote:
>> Kernel headers were automatically imported from current kvm.git,
>> 93c016c8c4. Some are not covered by any license and can be considered
>> GPLv2 with user space exception.
>
> Hmm. Can't we just get whoever owns those files to apply a suitable
> copyright and license header to them? Committing files to qemu.git
> which don't have a clear (and clearly stated) copyright/license seems
> like a bad plan to me...

Which are the headers in question?

Regards,

Anthony Liguori

> -- PMM
>
Jan Kiszka - May 3, 2011, 5:55 p.m.
On 2011-05-03 19:45, Anthony Liguori wrote:
> On 05/03/2011 12:30 PM, Peter Maydell wrote:
>> On 3 May 2011 17:48, Jan Kiszka<jan.kiszka@siemens.com>  wrote:
>>> Kernel headers were automatically imported from current kvm.git,
>>> 93c016c8c4. Some are not covered by any license and can be considered
>>> GPLv2 with user space exception.
>>
>> Hmm. Can't we just get whoever owns those files to apply a suitable
>> copyright and license header to them? Committing files to qemu.git
>> which don't have a clear (and clearly stated) copyright/license seems
>> like a bad plan to me...
> 
> Which are the headers in question?

include/asm-powerpc:	explicit GPLv2
include/asm-s390:	explicit GPLv2
include/asm/x86:	no license mentioned
include/linux/kvm*:	no license mentioned
include/linux/vhost:	no license mentioned
include/linux/virtio*:	"BSB"

The last group already popped up here during a license clearing of the
kernel. I contacted Rusty on them and got the answer "Standard 3 clause.
 The 4 clause is incompatible with the GPL." That was OK for our
purposes, but I nevertheless asked Rusty to push a clarifying sentence
to the kernel - unfortunately this did not happen so far.

Jan
Scott Wood - May 3, 2011, 5:57 p.m.
On Tue, 3 May 2011 19:32:00 +0200
"Edgar E. Iglesias" <edgar.iglesias@gmail.com> wrote:

> On Tue, May 03, 2011 at 08:13:04PM +0300, Avi Kivity wrote:
> > On 05/03/2011 08:09 PM, Jan Kiszka wrote:
> > > >
> > > >  Reluctant ack.
> > >
> > > What downsides do you see?
> > 
> > The usual "it shouldn't be this way".  Every other package (including, I 
> > think, glibc) uses the sanitized system headers.  Except for kvm-kmod, 
> > the system headers are always available.

They're usually available, but often not recent.  This turns qemu's kvm
bits into an error-prone ifdef soup, and still requires the user to extract
and point to their own set of sanitized kernel headers if they want the
newer features (even if they don't have any other need to build a kernel).

By including the headers in qemu, we can ensure that the headers are in sync
with qemu's expectations.

As for glibc, that's less likely to be built by an end-user, and more
likely to be built by whoever was responsible for generating the system's
sanitized headers.  Even so, it probably relies on a bunch of autoconf gunk
to deal with various versions of the headers.  And glibc doesn't have the
benefit of dynamic capability testing of the APIs -- it may be relying on
the headers it builds against not being newer than the kernel it runs on.

> I agree, it doesn't feel quite right to bring in the headers. I don't have
> any alternative suggestions (besides better HOWTOs/Documentation) though. 

If you try to use the non-sanitized kernel headers, you'll get this warning
from linux/types.h:

#warning "Attempt to use kernel headers from user space, see http://kernelnewbies.org/KernelHeaders"

At that URL, you'll find this:

  If you are distributing a user space program that depends on a specific
  version of some kernel headers, e.g.  because your program runs only on
  patched or very recent kernels, you cannot rely on the headers in
  /usr/include.  You also cannot use the header files from
  /usr/src/linux/include or /lib/modules/*/build/include/ because they have
  not been prepared for inclusion in user space.  The kernel should warn
  you about this if you try it and point you to this Wiki page.  The
  correct way to address this problem is to isolate the specific interfaces
  that you need, e.g.  a single header file that is patched in a new kernel
  providing the ioctl numbers for a character device used by your program. 
  In your own program, add a copy of that source file, with a notice that
  it should be kept in sync with new kernel versions.
	
-Scott
Anthony Liguori - May 3, 2011, 5:59 p.m.
On 05/03/2011 12:55 PM, Jan Kiszka wrote:
> On 2011-05-03 19:45, Anthony Liguori wrote:
>> On 05/03/2011 12:30 PM, Peter Maydell wrote:
>>> On 3 May 2011 17:48, Jan Kiszka<jan.kiszka@siemens.com>   wrote:
>>>> Kernel headers were automatically imported from current kvm.git,
>>>> 93c016c8c4. Some are not covered by any license and can be considered
>>>> GPLv2 with user space exception.
>>>
>>> Hmm. Can't we just get whoever owns those files to apply a suitable
>>> copyright and license header to them? Committing files to qemu.git
>>> which don't have a clear (and clearly stated) copyright/license seems
>>> like a bad plan to me...
>>
>> Which are the headers in question?
>
> include/asm-powerpc:	explicit GPLv2
> include/asm-s390:	explicit GPLv2
> include/asm/x86:	no license mentioned
> include/linux/kvm*:	no license mentioned
> include/linux/vhost:	no license mentioned

Michael/Avi, can ya'll add copyrights/licenses as appropriate?

> include/linux/virtio*:	"BSB"
>
> The last group already popped up here during a license clearing of the
> kernel. I contacted Rusty on them and got the answer "Standard 3 clause.
>   The 4 clause is incompatible with the GPL." That was OK for our
> purposes, but I nevertheless asked Rusty to push a clarifying sentence
> to the kernel - unfortunately this did not happen so far.

Rusty, do you want to put together a patch with the full license or 
should I?

Regards,

Anthony Liguori

>
> Jan
>
Arnd Bergmann - May 3, 2011, 7:26 p.m.
On Tuesday 03 May 2011 19:57:18 Scott Wood wrote:
> > I agree, it doesn't feel quite right to bring in the headers. I don't have
> > any alternative suggestions (besides better HOWTOs/Documentation) though. 
> 
> If you try to use the non-sanitized kernel headers, you'll get this warning
> from linux/types.h:
> 
> #warning "Attempt to use kernel headers from user space, see http://kernelnewbies.org/KernelHeaders"
> 

You're welcome ;-)

I tried to make the recommended approach as clear as I could with the
#warning and the wiki page. If there is anything still unclear about
how it should be done, please make suggestions for improving
the wiki text.

	Arnd
Peter Maydell - May 3, 2011, 8:22 p.m.
On 3 May 2011 17:48, Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka@siemens.com> wrote:
> +++ b/scripts/update-linux-headers.sh
> @@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
> +#!/bin/sh

No -e ?

> +rm -rf $output/include/linux/*

Given that updating the kernel headers will blow away large
subsets of include/ like this, maybe we should use a less generic
name than "include", so it's clear that it's just a set of
automatically maintained and updated files, rather than
a good place to put random QEMU header files?

kernel-headers/ seems like an obvious choice.

Is it worth having a README in the directory saying "don't
edit these, they are copies of the kernel headers, they can
be updated with <whatever>", or is that unnecessary?

-- PMM
Michael S. Tsirkin - May 3, 2011, 9:37 p.m.
On Tue, May 03, 2011 at 12:59:06PM -0500, Anthony Liguori wrote:
> On 05/03/2011 12:55 PM, Jan Kiszka wrote:
> >On 2011-05-03 19:45, Anthony Liguori wrote:
> >>On 05/03/2011 12:30 PM, Peter Maydell wrote:
> >>>On 3 May 2011 17:48, Jan Kiszka<jan.kiszka@siemens.com>   wrote:
> >>>>Kernel headers were automatically imported from current kvm.git,
> >>>>93c016c8c4. Some are not covered by any license and can be considered
> >>>>GPLv2 with user space exception.
> >>>
> >>>Hmm. Can't we just get whoever owns those files to apply a suitable
> >>>copyright and license header to them? Committing files to qemu.git
> >>>which don't have a clear (and clearly stated) copyright/license seems
> >>>like a bad plan to me...
> >>
> >>Which are the headers in question?
> >
> >include/asm-powerpc:	explicit GPLv2
> >include/asm-s390:	explicit GPLv2
> >include/asm/x86:	no license mentioned
> >include/linux/kvm*:	no license mentioned
> >include/linux/vhost:	no license mentioned
> 
> Michael/Avi, can ya'll add copyrights/licenses as appropriate?

All kernel is GPLv2 with userspace exceptions.  The explicit GPLv2
licenses are likely uninitentional.  So I don't really believe licenses
are applicable in headers, we see how this creates confusion.

Just place the kernel COPYING file into the include directory?

> >include/linux/virtio*:	"BSB"
> >
> >The last group already popped up here during a license clearing of the
> >kernel. I contacted Rusty on them and got the answer "Standard 3 clause.
> >  The 4 clause is incompatible with the GPL." That was OK for our
> >purposes, but I nevertheless asked Rusty to push a clarifying sentence
> >to the kernel - unfortunately this did not happen so far.
> 
> Rusty, do you want to put together a patch with the full license or
> should I?
> 
> Regards,
> 
> Anthony Liguori
> 
> >
> >Jan
> >
Jan Kiszka - May 4, 2011, 8:55 a.m.
On 2011-05-03 23:37, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> On Tue, May 03, 2011 at 12:59:06PM -0500, Anthony Liguori wrote:
>> On 05/03/2011 12:55 PM, Jan Kiszka wrote:
>>> On 2011-05-03 19:45, Anthony Liguori wrote:
>>>> On 05/03/2011 12:30 PM, Peter Maydell wrote:
>>>>> On 3 May 2011 17:48, Jan Kiszka<jan.kiszka@siemens.com>   wrote:
>>>>>> Kernel headers were automatically imported from current kvm.git,
>>>>>> 93c016c8c4. Some are not covered by any license and can be considered
>>>>>> GPLv2 with user space exception.
>>>>>
>>>>> Hmm. Can't we just get whoever owns those files to apply a suitable
>>>>> copyright and license header to them? Committing files to qemu.git
>>>>> which don't have a clear (and clearly stated) copyright/license seems
>>>>> like a bad plan to me...
>>>>
>>>> Which are the headers in question?
>>>
>>> include/asm-powerpc:	explicit GPLv2
>>> include/asm-s390:	explicit GPLv2
>>> include/asm/x86:	no license mentioned
>>> include/linux/kvm*:	no license mentioned
>>> include/linux/vhost:	no license mentioned
>>
>> Michael/Avi, can ya'll add copyrights/licenses as appropriate?
> 
> All kernel is GPLv2 with userspace exceptions.

That's not that simple. There is a lot of dual licensing, and the virtio
header are BSD 3-clause as we know.

>  The explicit GPLv2
> licenses are likely uninitentional.  So I don't really believe licenses
> are applicable in headers, we see how this creates confusion.

Well, if you state that your work on headers is not copyrighted and can
thus be used under any license, that's OK. But you can't speak for
others. And we should better avoid that such discussions escalate to any
legal authorities. :)

> 
> Just place the kernel COPYING file into the include directory?

That is one option I've already built into my latest patch version, even
for the case we come to a more explicit solution.

But one point of all this is to make life easier for those poor people
who have check a qemu source package before redistribution for included
licenses. The clearer the terms are expressed, the easier these
"unproductive" processes become. You can't imagine what activities that
vague "BSD" license of the virtio headers triggered here...

Jan
Jan Kiszka - May 4, 2011, 10:28 a.m.
On 2011-05-03 22:22, Peter Maydell wrote:
> On 3 May 2011 17:48, Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka@siemens.com> wrote:
>> +++ b/scripts/update-linux-headers.sh
>> @@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
>> +#!/bin/sh
> 
> No -e ?
> 
>> +rm -rf $output/include/linux/*
> 
> Given that updating the kernel headers will blow away large
> subsets of include/ like this, maybe we should use a less generic
> name than "include", so it's clear that it's just a set of
> automatically maintained and updated files, rather than
> a good place to put random QEMU header files?
> 
> kernel-headers/ seems like an obvious choice.
> 
> Is it worth having a README in the directory saying "don't
> edit these, they are copies of the kernel headers, they can
> be updated with <whatever>", or is that unnecessary?
> 

No, these suggestion all make sense. I've incorporated them.

Thanks,
Jan
Andreas Färber - May 4, 2011, 5:58 p.m.
Am 04.05.2011 um 12:28 schrieb Jan Kiszka:

> On 2011-05-03 22:22, Peter Maydell wrote:
>> On 3 May 2011 17:48, Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka@siemens.com> wrote:
>>> +++ b/scripts/update-linux-headers.sh

>>> +rm -rf $output/include/linux/*
>>
>> Given that updating the kernel headers will blow away large
>> subsets of include/ like this, maybe we should use a less generic
>> name than "include", so it's clear that it's just a set of
>> automatically maintained and updated files, rather than
>> a good place to put random QEMU header files?
>>
>> kernel-headers/ seems like an obvious choice.
>
> [...] these suggestion all make sense. I've incorporated them.

If we're talking about a new directory inside the QEMU tree, mind to  
name it linux-headers or so? There are other kernels besides The One. :)

Andreas
Jan Kiszka - May 4, 2011, 6:01 p.m.
On 2011-05-04 19:58, Andreas Färber wrote:
> Am 04.05.2011 um 12:28 schrieb Jan Kiszka:
> 
>> On 2011-05-03 22:22, Peter Maydell wrote:
>>> On 3 May 2011 17:48, Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka@siemens.com> wrote:
>>>> +++ b/scripts/update-linux-headers.sh
> 
>>>> +rm -rf $output/include/linux/*
>>>
>>> Given that updating the kernel headers will blow away large
>>> subsets of include/ like this, maybe we should use a less generic
>>> name than "include", so it's clear that it's just a set of
>>> automatically maintained and updated files, rather than
>>> a good place to put random QEMU header files?
>>>
>>> kernel-headers/ seems like an obvious choice.
>>
>> [...] these suggestion all make sense. I've incorporated them.
> 
> If we're talking about a new directory inside the QEMU tree, mind to  
> name it linux-headers or so? There are other kernels besides The One. :)

Already called it precisely like this. :) I will re-post my series when
the licensing things are clarified.

Jan
Rusty Russell - May 9, 2011, 3:24 a.m.
On Wed, 04 May 2011 10:55:26 +0200, Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka@siemens.com> wrote:
> But one point of all this is to make life easier for those poor people
> who have check a qemu source package before redistribution for included
> licenses. The clearer the terms are expressed, the easier these
> "unproductive" processes become. You can't imagine what activities that
> vague "BSD" license of the virtio headers triggered here...

Yes, so much so that I have been known to recommend that reimplementors
go for the headers out of the virtio spec file, which are definitively
uncontaminated.

However, I have prepared a patch, will send now...

Thanks for prod,
Rusty.

Patch

diff --git a/Makefile.target b/Makefile.target
index 89280c6..b0fe021 100644
--- a/Makefile.target
+++ b/Makefile.target
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@  endif
 
 TARGET_PATH=$(SRC_PATH)/target-$(TARGET_BASE_ARCH)
 $(call set-vpath, $(SRC_PATH):$(TARGET_PATH):$(SRC_PATH)/hw)
-QEMU_CFLAGS+= -I.. -I$(TARGET_PATH) -DNEED_CPU_H
+QEMU_CFLAGS+= -I.. -I../include -I$(TARGET_PATH) -DNEED_CPU_H
 
 include $(SRC_PATH)/Makefile.objs
 
diff --git a/configure b/configure
index 3239fbb..698cce7 100755
--- a/configure
+++ b/configure
@@ -113,8 +113,7 @@  curl=""
 curses=""
 docs=""
 fdt=""
-kvm=""
-kvm_para=""
+kvm="yes"
 nptl=""
 sdl=""
 vnc="yes"
@@ -129,7 +128,7 @@  vnc_thread="no"
 xen=""
 linux_aio=""
 attr=""
-vhost_net=""
+vhost_net="yes"
 xfs=""
 
 gprof="no"
@@ -164,7 +163,6 @@  guest_base=""
 uname_release=""
 io_thread="no"
 mixemu="no"
-kerneldir=""
 aix="no"
 blobs="yes"
 pkgversion=""
@@ -711,8 +709,6 @@  for opt do
   ;;
   --disable-blobs) blobs="no"
   ;;
-  --kerneldir=*) kerneldir="$optarg"
-  ;;
   --with-pkgversion=*) pkgversion=" ($optarg)"
   ;;
   --disable-docs) docs="no"
@@ -929,7 +925,6 @@  echo "  --disable-attr           disables attr and xattr support"
 echo "  --enable-attr            enable attr and xattr support"
 echo "  --enable-io-thread       enable IO thread"
 echo "  --disable-blobs          disable installing provided firmware blobs"
-echo "  --kerneldir=PATH         look for kernel includes in PATH"
 echo "  --enable-docs            enable documentation build"
 echo "  --disable-docs           disable documentation build"
 echo "  --disable-vhost-net      disable vhost-net acceleration support"
@@ -1695,109 +1690,6 @@  EOF
 fi
 
 ##########################################
-# kvm probe
-if test "$kvm" != "no" ; then
-    cat > $TMPC <<EOF
-#include <linux/kvm.h>
-#if !defined(KVM_API_VERSION) || KVM_API_VERSION < 12 || KVM_API_VERSION > 12
-#error Invalid KVM version
-#endif
-EOF
-    must_have_caps="KVM_CAP_USER_MEMORY \
-                    KVM_CAP_DESTROY_MEMORY_REGION_WORKS \
-                    KVM_CAP_COALESCED_MMIO \
-                    KVM_CAP_SYNC_MMU \
-                   "
-    if test \( "$cpu" = "i386" -o "$cpu" = "x86_64" \) ; then
-      must_have_caps="$caps \
-                      KVM_CAP_SET_TSS_ADDR \
-                      KVM_CAP_EXT_CPUID \
-                      KVM_CAP_CLOCKSOURCE \
-                      KVM_CAP_NOP_IO_DELAY \
-                      KVM_CAP_PV_MMU \
-                      KVM_CAP_MP_STATE \
-                      KVM_CAP_USER_NMI \
-                     "
-    fi
-    for c in $must_have_caps ; do
-      cat >> $TMPC <<EOF
-#if !defined($c)
-#error Missing KVM capability $c
-#endif
-EOF
-    done
-    cat >> $TMPC <<EOF
-int main(void) { return 0; }
-EOF
-  if test "$kerneldir" != "" ; then
-      kvm_cflags=-I"$kerneldir"/include
-      if test \( "$cpu" = "i386" -o "$cpu" = "x86_64" \) \
-         -a -d "$kerneldir/arch/x86/include" ; then
-            kvm_cflags="$kvm_cflags -I$kerneldir/arch/x86/include"
-	elif test "$cpu" = "ppc" -a -d "$kerneldir/arch/powerpc/include" ; then
-	    kvm_cflags="$kvm_cflags -I$kerneldir/arch/powerpc/include"
-	elif test "$cpu" = "s390x" -a -d "$kerneldir/arch/s390/include" ; then
-	    kvm_cflags="$kvm_cflags -I$kerneldir/arch/s390/include"
-        elif test -d "$kerneldir/arch/$cpu/include" ; then
-            kvm_cflags="$kvm_cflags -I$kerneldir/arch/$cpu/include"
-      fi
-  else
-    kvm_cflags=`$pkg_config --cflags kvm-kmod 2>/dev/null`
-  fi
-  if compile_prog "$kvm_cflags" "" ; then
-    kvm=yes
-    cat > $TMPC <<EOF
-#include <linux/kvm_para.h>
-int main(void) { return 0; }
-EOF
-    if compile_prog "$kvm_cflags" "" ; then
-      kvm_para=yes
-    fi
-  else
-    if test "$kvm" = "yes" ; then
-      if has awk && has grep; then
-        kvmerr=`LANG=C $cc $QEMU_CFLAGS -o $TMPE $kvm_cflags $TMPC 2>&1 \
-	| grep "error: " \
-	| awk -F "error: " '{if (NR>1) printf(", "); printf("%s",$2);}'`
-        if test "$kvmerr" != "" ; then
-          echo -e "${kvmerr}\n\
-NOTE: To enable KVM support, update your kernel to 2.6.29+ or install \
-recent kvm-kmod from http://sourceforge.net/projects/kvm."
-        fi
-      fi
-      feature_not_found "kvm"
-    fi
-    kvm=no
-  fi
-fi
-
-##########################################
-# test for vhost net
-
-if test "$vhost_net" != "no"; then
-    if test "$kvm" != "no"; then
-            cat > $TMPC <<EOF
-    #include <linux/vhost.h>
-    int main(void) { return 0; }
-EOF
-            if compile_prog "$kvm_cflags" "" ; then
-                vhost_net=yes
-            else
-                if test "$vhost_net" = "yes" ; then
-                    feature_not_found "vhost-net"
-                fi
-                vhost_net=no
-            fi
-    else
-            if test "$vhost_net" = "yes" ; then
-                echo "NOTE: vhost-net feature requires KVM (--enable-kvm)."
-                feature_not_found "vhost-net"
-            fi
-            vhost_net=no
-    fi
-fi
-
-##########################################
 # pthread probe
 PTHREADLIBS_LIST="-lpthread -lpthreadGC2"
 
@@ -3251,9 +3143,7 @@  case "$target_arch2" in
       \( "$target_arch2" = "i386"   -a "$cpu" = "x86_64" \) \) ; then
       echo "CONFIG_KVM=y" >> $config_target_mak
       echo "KVM_CFLAGS=$kvm_cflags" >> $config_target_mak
-      if test "$kvm_para" = "yes"; then
-        echo "CONFIG_KVM_PARA=y" >> $config_target_mak
-      fi
+      echo "CONFIG_KVM_PARA=y" >> $config_target_mak
       if test $vhost_net = "yes" ; then
         echo "CONFIG_VHOST_NET=y" >> $config_target_mak
       fi
@@ -3449,6 +3339,21 @@  if test "$target_linux_user" = "yes" -o "$target_bsd_user" = "yes" ; then
   esac
 fi
 
+# use included Linux headers
+includes="-I\$(SRC_PATH)/include $includes"
+mkdir -p include
+case "$cpu" in
+i386|x86_64)
+  symlink $source_path/include/asm-x86 include/asm
+  ;;
+ppcemb|ppc|ppc64)
+  symlink $source_path/include/asm-x86 include/asm
+  ;;
+s390x)
+  symlink $source_path/include/asm-s390 include/asm
+  ;;
+esac
+
 echo "LDFLAGS+=$ldflags" >> $config_target_mak
 echo "QEMU_CFLAGS+=$cflags" >> $config_target_mak
 echo "QEMU_INCLUDES+=$includes" >> $config_target_mak
diff --git a/include/asm-powerpc/kvm.h b/include/asm-powerpc/kvm.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..18ea696
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-powerpc/kvm.h
@@ -0,0 +1,91 @@ 
+/*
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright IBM Corp. 2007
+ *
+ * Authors: Hollis Blanchard <hollisb@us.ibm.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef __LINUX_KVM_POWERPC_H
+#define __LINUX_KVM_POWERPC_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+struct kvm_regs {
+	__u64 pc;
+	__u64 cr;
+	__u64 ctr;
+	__u64 lr;
+	__u64 xer;
+	__u64 msr;
+	__u64 srr0;
+	__u64 srr1;
+	__u64 pid;
+
+	__u64 sprg0;
+	__u64 sprg1;
+	__u64 sprg2;
+	__u64 sprg3;
+	__u64 sprg4;
+	__u64 sprg5;
+	__u64 sprg6;
+	__u64 sprg7;
+
+	__u64 gpr[32];
+};
+
+struct kvm_sregs {
+	__u32 pvr;
+	union {
+		struct {
+			__u64 sdr1;
+			struct {
+				struct {
+					__u64 slbe;
+					__u64 slbv;
+				} slb[64];
+			} ppc64;
+			struct {
+				__u32 sr[16];
+				__u64 ibat[8]; 
+				__u64 dbat[8]; 
+			} ppc32;
+		} s;
+		__u8 pad[1020];
+	} u;
+};
+
+struct kvm_fpu {
+	__u64 fpr[32];
+};
+
+struct kvm_debug_exit_arch {
+};
+
+/* for KVM_SET_GUEST_DEBUG */
+struct kvm_guest_debug_arch {
+};
+
+#define KVM_REG_MASK		0x001f
+#define KVM_REG_EXT_MASK	0xffe0
+#define KVM_REG_GPR		0x0000
+#define KVM_REG_FPR		0x0020
+#define KVM_REG_QPR		0x0040
+#define KVM_REG_FQPR		0x0060
+
+#define KVM_INTERRUPT_SET	-1U
+#define KVM_INTERRUPT_UNSET	-2U
+#define KVM_INTERRUPT_SET_LEVEL	-3U
+
+#endif /* __LINUX_KVM_POWERPC_H */
diff --git a/include/asm-powerpc/kvm_para.h b/include/asm-powerpc/kvm_para.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ad58c90
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-powerpc/kvm_para.h
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@ 
+/*
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright IBM Corp. 2008
+ *
+ * Authors: Hollis Blanchard <hollisb@us.ibm.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef __POWERPC_KVM_PARA_H__
+#define __POWERPC_KVM_PARA_H__
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+struct kvm_vcpu_arch_shared {
+	__u64 scratch1;
+	__u64 scratch2;
+	__u64 scratch3;
+	__u64 critical;		/* Guest may not get interrupts if == r1 */
+	__u64 sprg0;
+	__u64 sprg1;
+	__u64 sprg2;
+	__u64 sprg3;
+	__u64 srr0;
+	__u64 srr1;
+	__u64 dar;
+	__u64 msr;
+	__u32 dsisr;
+	__u32 int_pending;	/* Tells the guest if we have an interrupt */
+	__u32 sr[16];
+};
+
+#define KVM_SC_MAGIC_R0		0x4b564d21 /* "KVM!" */
+#define HC_VENDOR_KVM		(42 << 16)
+#define HC_EV_SUCCESS		0
+#define HC_EV_UNIMPLEMENTED	12
+
+#define KVM_FEATURE_MAGIC_PAGE	1
+
+#define KVM_MAGIC_FEAT_SR	(1 << 0)
+
+
+#endif /* __POWERPC_KVM_PARA_H__ */
diff --git a/include/asm-s390/kvm.h b/include/asm-s390/kvm.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..82b32a1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-s390/kvm.h
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@ 
+#ifndef __LINUX_KVM_S390_H
+#define __LINUX_KVM_S390_H
+/*
+ * asm-s390/kvm.h - KVM s390 specific structures and definitions
+ *
+ * Copyright IBM Corp. 2008
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License (version 2 only)
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ *    Author(s): Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com>
+ *               Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
+ */
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+#define __KVM_S390
+
+/* for KVM_GET_REGS and KVM_SET_REGS */
+struct kvm_regs {
+	/* general purpose regs for s390 */
+	__u64 gprs[16];
+};
+
+/* for KVM_GET_SREGS and KVM_SET_SREGS */
+struct kvm_sregs {
+	__u32 acrs[16];
+	__u64 crs[16];
+};
+
+/* for KVM_GET_FPU and KVM_SET_FPU */
+struct kvm_fpu {
+	__u32 fpc;
+	__u64 fprs[16];
+};
+
+struct kvm_debug_exit_arch {
+};
+
+/* for KVM_SET_GUEST_DEBUG */
+struct kvm_guest_debug_arch {
+};
+
+#endif
diff --git a/include/asm-s390/kvm_para.h b/include/asm-s390/kvm_para.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8e2dd67
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-s390/kvm_para.h
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@ 
+/*
+ * asm-s390/kvm_para.h - definition for paravirtual devices on s390
+ *
+ * Copyright IBM Corp. 2008
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License (version 2 only)
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ *    Author(s): Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef __S390_KVM_PARA_H
+#define __S390_KVM_PARA_H
+
+
+#endif /* __S390_KVM_PARA_H */
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/hyperv.h b/include/asm-x86/hyperv.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5df477a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-x86/hyperv.h
@@ -0,0 +1,193 @@ 
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_HYPERV_H
+#define _ASM_X86_HYPERV_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+/*
+ * The below CPUID leaves are present if VersionAndFeatures.HypervisorPresent
+ * is set by CPUID(HvCpuIdFunctionVersionAndFeatures).
+ */
+#define HYPERV_CPUID_VENDOR_AND_MAX_FUNCTIONS	0x40000000
+#define HYPERV_CPUID_INTERFACE			0x40000001
+#define HYPERV_CPUID_VERSION			0x40000002
+#define HYPERV_CPUID_FEATURES			0x40000003
+#define HYPERV_CPUID_ENLIGHTMENT_INFO		0x40000004
+#define HYPERV_CPUID_IMPLEMENT_LIMITS		0x40000005
+
+#define HYPERV_HYPERVISOR_PRESENT_BIT		0x80000000
+#define HYPERV_CPUID_MIN			0x40000005
+#define HYPERV_CPUID_MAX			0x4000ffff
+
+/*
+ * Feature identification. EAX indicates which features are available
+ * to the partition based upon the current partition privileges.
+ */
+
+/* VP Runtime (HV_X64_MSR_VP_RUNTIME) available */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_VP_RUNTIME_AVAILABLE		(1 << 0)
+/* Partition Reference Counter (HV_X64_MSR_TIME_REF_COUNT) available*/
+#define HV_X64_MSR_TIME_REF_COUNT_AVAILABLE	(1 << 1)
+/*
+ * Basic SynIC MSRs (HV_X64_MSR_SCONTROL through HV_X64_MSR_EOM
+ * and HV_X64_MSR_SINT0 through HV_X64_MSR_SINT15) available
+ */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SYNIC_AVAILABLE		(1 << 2)
+/*
+ * Synthetic Timer MSRs (HV_X64_MSR_STIMER0_CONFIG through
+ * HV_X64_MSR_STIMER3_COUNT) available
+ */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SYNTIMER_AVAILABLE		(1 << 3)
+/*
+ * APIC access MSRs (HV_X64_MSR_EOI, HV_X64_MSR_ICR and HV_X64_MSR_TPR)
+ * are available
+ */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_APIC_ACCESS_AVAILABLE	(1 << 4)
+/* Hypercall MSRs (HV_X64_MSR_GUEST_OS_ID and HV_X64_MSR_HYPERCALL) available*/
+#define HV_X64_MSR_HYPERCALL_AVAILABLE		(1 << 5)
+/* Access virtual processor index MSR (HV_X64_MSR_VP_INDEX) available*/
+#define HV_X64_MSR_VP_INDEX_AVAILABLE		(1 << 6)
+/* Virtual system reset MSR (HV_X64_MSR_RESET) is available*/
+#define HV_X64_MSR_RESET_AVAILABLE		(1 << 7)
+ /*
+  * Access statistics pages MSRs (HV_X64_MSR_STATS_PARTITION_RETAIL_PAGE,
+  * HV_X64_MSR_STATS_PARTITION_INTERNAL_PAGE, HV_X64_MSR_STATS_VP_RETAIL_PAGE,
+  * HV_X64_MSR_STATS_VP_INTERNAL_PAGE) available
+  */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_STAT_PAGES_AVAILABLE		(1 << 8)
+
+/*
+ * Feature identification: EBX indicates which flags were specified at
+ * partition creation. The format is the same as the partition creation
+ * flag structure defined in section Partition Creation Flags.
+ */
+#define HV_X64_CREATE_PARTITIONS		(1 << 0)
+#define HV_X64_ACCESS_PARTITION_ID		(1 << 1)
+#define HV_X64_ACCESS_MEMORY_POOL		(1 << 2)
+#define HV_X64_ADJUST_MESSAGE_BUFFERS		(1 << 3)
+#define HV_X64_POST_MESSAGES			(1 << 4)
+#define HV_X64_SIGNAL_EVENTS			(1 << 5)
+#define HV_X64_CREATE_PORT			(1 << 6)
+#define HV_X64_CONNECT_PORT			(1 << 7)
+#define HV_X64_ACCESS_STATS			(1 << 8)
+#define HV_X64_DEBUGGING			(1 << 11)
+#define HV_X64_CPU_POWER_MANAGEMENT		(1 << 12)
+#define HV_X64_CONFIGURE_PROFILER		(1 << 13)
+
+/*
+ * Feature identification. EDX indicates which miscellaneous features
+ * are available to the partition.
+ */
+/* The MWAIT instruction is available (per section MONITOR / MWAIT) */
+#define HV_X64_MWAIT_AVAILABLE				(1 << 0)
+/* Guest debugging support is available */
+#define HV_X64_GUEST_DEBUGGING_AVAILABLE		(1 << 1)
+/* Performance Monitor support is available*/
+#define HV_X64_PERF_MONITOR_AVAILABLE			(1 << 2)
+/* Support for physical CPU dynamic partitioning events is available*/
+#define HV_X64_CPU_DYNAMIC_PARTITIONING_AVAILABLE	(1 << 3)
+/*
+ * Support for passing hypercall input parameter block via XMM
+ * registers is available
+ */
+#define HV_X64_HYPERCALL_PARAMS_XMM_AVAILABLE		(1 << 4)
+/* Support for a virtual guest idle state is available */
+#define HV_X64_GUEST_IDLE_STATE_AVAILABLE		(1 << 5)
+
+/*
+ * Implementation recommendations. Indicates which behaviors the hypervisor
+ * recommends the OS implement for optimal performance.
+ */
+ /*
+  * Recommend using hypercall for address space switches rather
+  * than MOV to CR3 instruction
+  */
+#define HV_X64_MWAIT_RECOMMENDED		(1 << 0)
+/* Recommend using hypercall for local TLB flushes rather
+ * than INVLPG or MOV to CR3 instructions */
+#define HV_X64_LOCAL_TLB_FLUSH_RECOMMENDED	(1 << 1)
+/*
+ * Recommend using hypercall for remote TLB flushes rather
+ * than inter-processor interrupts
+ */
+#define HV_X64_REMOTE_TLB_FLUSH_RECOMMENDED	(1 << 2)
+/*
+ * Recommend using MSRs for accessing APIC registers
+ * EOI, ICR and TPR rather than their memory-mapped counterparts
+ */
+#define HV_X64_APIC_ACCESS_RECOMMENDED		(1 << 3)
+/* Recommend using the hypervisor-provided MSR to initiate a system RESET */
+#define HV_X64_SYSTEM_RESET_RECOMMENDED		(1 << 4)
+/*
+ * Recommend using relaxed timing for this partition. If used,
+ * the VM should disable any watchdog timeouts that rely on the
+ * timely delivery of external interrupts
+ */
+#define HV_X64_RELAXED_TIMING_RECOMMENDED	(1 << 5)
+
+/* MSR used to identify the guest OS. */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_GUEST_OS_ID			0x40000000
+
+/* MSR used to setup pages used to communicate with the hypervisor. */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_HYPERCALL			0x40000001
+
+/* MSR used to provide vcpu index */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_VP_INDEX			0x40000002
+
+/* MSR used to read the per-partition time reference counter */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_TIME_REF_COUNT		0x40000020
+
+/* Define the virtual APIC registers */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_EOI				0x40000070
+#define HV_X64_MSR_ICR				0x40000071
+#define HV_X64_MSR_TPR				0x40000072
+#define HV_X64_MSR_APIC_ASSIST_PAGE		0x40000073
+
+/* Define synthetic interrupt controller model specific registers. */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SCONTROL			0x40000080
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SVERSION			0x40000081
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SIEFP			0x40000082
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SIMP				0x40000083
+#define HV_X64_MSR_EOM				0x40000084
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT0			0x40000090
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT1			0x40000091
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT2			0x40000092
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT3			0x40000093
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT4			0x40000094
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT5			0x40000095
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT6			0x40000096
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT7			0x40000097
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT8			0x40000098
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT9			0x40000099
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT10			0x4000009A
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT11			0x4000009B
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT12			0x4000009C
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT13			0x4000009D
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT14			0x4000009E
+#define HV_X64_MSR_SINT15			0x4000009F
+
+
+#define HV_X64_MSR_HYPERCALL_ENABLE		0x00000001
+#define HV_X64_MSR_HYPERCALL_PAGE_ADDRESS_SHIFT	12
+#define HV_X64_MSR_HYPERCALL_PAGE_ADDRESS_MASK	\
+		(~((1ull << HV_X64_MSR_HYPERCALL_PAGE_ADDRESS_SHIFT) - 1))
+
+/* Declare the various hypercall operations. */
+#define HV_X64_HV_NOTIFY_LONG_SPIN_WAIT		0x0008
+
+#define HV_X64_MSR_APIC_ASSIST_PAGE_ENABLE		0x00000001
+#define HV_X64_MSR_APIC_ASSIST_PAGE_ADDRESS_SHIFT	12
+#define HV_X64_MSR_APIC_ASSIST_PAGE_ADDRESS_MASK	\
+		(~((1ull << HV_X64_MSR_APIC_ASSIST_PAGE_ADDRESS_SHIFT) - 1))
+
+#define HV_PROCESSOR_POWER_STATE_C0		0
+#define HV_PROCESSOR_POWER_STATE_C1		1
+#define HV_PROCESSOR_POWER_STATE_C2		2
+#define HV_PROCESSOR_POWER_STATE_C3		3
+
+/* hypercall status code */
+#define HV_STATUS_SUCCESS			0
+#define HV_STATUS_INVALID_HYPERCALL_CODE	2
+#define HV_STATUS_INVALID_HYPERCALL_INPUT	3
+#define HV_STATUS_INVALID_ALIGNMENT		4
+
+#endif
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/kvm.h b/include/asm-x86/kvm.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4d8dcbd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-x86/kvm.h
@@ -0,0 +1,324 @@ 
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_KVM_H
+#define _ASM_X86_KVM_H
+
+/*
+ * KVM x86 specific structures and definitions
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/ioctl.h>
+
+/* Select x86 specific features in <linux/kvm.h> */
+#define __KVM_HAVE_PIT
+#define __KVM_HAVE_IOAPIC
+#define __KVM_HAVE_DEVICE_ASSIGNMENT
+#define __KVM_HAVE_MSI
+#define __KVM_HAVE_USER_NMI
+#define __KVM_HAVE_GUEST_DEBUG
+#define __KVM_HAVE_MSIX
+#define __KVM_HAVE_MCE
+#define __KVM_HAVE_PIT_STATE2
+#define __KVM_HAVE_XEN_HVM
+#define __KVM_HAVE_VCPU_EVENTS
+#define __KVM_HAVE_DEBUGREGS
+#define __KVM_HAVE_XSAVE
+#define __KVM_HAVE_XCRS
+
+/* Architectural interrupt line count. */
+#define KVM_NR_INTERRUPTS 256
+
+struct kvm_memory_alias {
+	__u32 slot;  /* this has a different namespace than memory slots */
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u64 guest_phys_addr;
+	__u64 memory_size;
+	__u64 target_phys_addr;
+};
+
+/* for KVM_GET_IRQCHIP and KVM_SET_IRQCHIP */
+struct kvm_pic_state {
+	__u8 last_irr;	/* edge detection */
+	__u8 irr;		/* interrupt request register */
+	__u8 imr;		/* interrupt mask register */
+	__u8 isr;		/* interrupt service register */
+	__u8 priority_add;	/* highest irq priority */
+	__u8 irq_base;
+	__u8 read_reg_select;
+	__u8 poll;
+	__u8 special_mask;
+	__u8 init_state;
+	__u8 auto_eoi;
+	__u8 rotate_on_auto_eoi;
+	__u8 special_fully_nested_mode;
+	__u8 init4;		/* true if 4 byte init */
+	__u8 elcr;		/* PIIX edge/trigger selection */
+	__u8 elcr_mask;
+};
+
+#define KVM_IOAPIC_NUM_PINS  24
+struct kvm_ioapic_state {
+	__u64 base_address;
+	__u32 ioregsel;
+	__u32 id;
+	__u32 irr;
+	__u32 pad;
+	union {
+		__u64 bits;
+		struct {
+			__u8 vector;
+			__u8 delivery_mode:3;
+			__u8 dest_mode:1;
+			__u8 delivery_status:1;
+			__u8 polarity:1;
+			__u8 remote_irr:1;
+			__u8 trig_mode:1;
+			__u8 mask:1;
+			__u8 reserve:7;
+			__u8 reserved[4];
+			__u8 dest_id;
+		} fields;
+	} redirtbl[KVM_IOAPIC_NUM_PINS];
+};
+
+#define KVM_IRQCHIP_PIC_MASTER   0
+#define KVM_IRQCHIP_PIC_SLAVE    1
+#define KVM_IRQCHIP_IOAPIC       2
+#define KVM_NR_IRQCHIPS          3
+
+/* for KVM_GET_REGS and KVM_SET_REGS */
+struct kvm_regs {
+	/* out (KVM_GET_REGS) / in (KVM_SET_REGS) */
+	__u64 rax, rbx, rcx, rdx;
+	__u64 rsi, rdi, rsp, rbp;
+	__u64 r8,  r9,  r10, r11;
+	__u64 r12, r13, r14, r15;
+	__u64 rip, rflags;
+};
+
+/* for KVM_GET_LAPIC and KVM_SET_LAPIC */
+#define KVM_APIC_REG_SIZE 0x400
+struct kvm_lapic_state {
+	char regs[KVM_APIC_REG_SIZE];
+};
+
+struct kvm_segment {
+	__u64 base;
+	__u32 limit;
+	__u16 selector;
+	__u8  type;
+	__u8  present, dpl, db, s, l, g, avl;
+	__u8  unusable;
+	__u8  padding;
+};
+
+struct kvm_dtable {
+	__u64 base;
+	__u16 limit;
+	__u16 padding[3];
+};
+
+
+/* for KVM_GET_SREGS and KVM_SET_SREGS */
+struct kvm_sregs {
+	/* out (KVM_GET_SREGS) / in (KVM_SET_SREGS) */
+	struct kvm_segment cs, ds, es, fs, gs, ss;
+	struct kvm_segment tr, ldt;
+	struct kvm_dtable gdt, idt;
+	__u64 cr0, cr2, cr3, cr4, cr8;
+	__u64 efer;
+	__u64 apic_base;
+	__u64 interrupt_bitmap[(KVM_NR_INTERRUPTS + 63) / 64];
+};
+
+/* for KVM_GET_FPU and KVM_SET_FPU */
+struct kvm_fpu {
+	__u8  fpr[8][16];
+	__u16 fcw;
+	__u16 fsw;
+	__u8  ftwx;  /* in fxsave format */
+	__u8  pad1;
+	__u16 last_opcode;
+	__u64 last_ip;
+	__u64 last_dp;
+	__u8  xmm[16][16];
+	__u32 mxcsr;
+	__u32 pad2;
+};
+
+struct kvm_msr_entry {
+	__u32 index;
+	__u32 reserved;
+	__u64 data;
+};
+
+/* for KVM_GET_MSRS and KVM_SET_MSRS */
+struct kvm_msrs {
+	__u32 nmsrs; /* number of msrs in entries */
+	__u32 pad;
+
+	struct kvm_msr_entry entries[0];
+};
+
+/* for KVM_GET_MSR_INDEX_LIST */
+struct kvm_msr_list {
+	__u32 nmsrs; /* number of msrs in entries */
+	__u32 indices[0];
+};
+
+
+struct kvm_cpuid_entry {
+	__u32 function;
+	__u32 eax;
+	__u32 ebx;
+	__u32 ecx;
+	__u32 edx;
+	__u32 padding;
+};
+
+/* for KVM_SET_CPUID */
+struct kvm_cpuid {
+	__u32 nent;
+	__u32 padding;
+	struct kvm_cpuid_entry entries[0];
+};
+
+struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 {
+	__u32 function;
+	__u32 index;
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u32 eax;
+	__u32 ebx;
+	__u32 ecx;
+	__u32 edx;
+	__u32 padding[3];
+};
+
+#define KVM_CPUID_FLAG_SIGNIFCANT_INDEX 1
+#define KVM_CPUID_FLAG_STATEFUL_FUNC    2
+#define KVM_CPUID_FLAG_STATE_READ_NEXT  4
+
+/* for KVM_SET_CPUID2 */
+struct kvm_cpuid2 {
+	__u32 nent;
+	__u32 padding;
+	struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 entries[0];
+};
+
+/* for KVM_GET_PIT and KVM_SET_PIT */
+struct kvm_pit_channel_state {
+	__u32 count; /* can be 65536 */
+	__u16 latched_count;
+	__u8 count_latched;
+	__u8 status_latched;
+	__u8 status;
+	__u8 read_state;
+	__u8 write_state;
+	__u8 write_latch;
+	__u8 rw_mode;
+	__u8 mode;
+	__u8 bcd;
+	__u8 gate;
+	__s64 count_load_time;
+};
+
+struct kvm_debug_exit_arch {
+	__u32 exception;
+	__u32 pad;
+	__u64 pc;
+	__u64 dr6;
+	__u64 dr7;
+};
+
+#define KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_SW_BP		0x00010000
+#define KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_HW_BP		0x00020000
+#define KVM_GUESTDBG_INJECT_DB		0x00040000
+#define KVM_GUESTDBG_INJECT_BP		0x00080000
+
+/* for KVM_SET_GUEST_DEBUG */
+struct kvm_guest_debug_arch {
+	__u64 debugreg[8];
+};
+
+struct kvm_pit_state {
+	struct kvm_pit_channel_state channels[3];
+};
+
+#define KVM_PIT_FLAGS_HPET_LEGACY  0x00000001
+
+struct kvm_pit_state2 {
+	struct kvm_pit_channel_state channels[3];
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u32 reserved[9];
+};
+
+struct kvm_reinject_control {
+	__u8 pit_reinject;
+	__u8 reserved[31];
+};
+
+/* When set in flags, include corresponding fields on KVM_SET_VCPU_EVENTS */
+#define KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_NMI_PENDING	0x00000001
+#define KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SIPI_VECTOR	0x00000002
+#define KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SHADOW	0x00000004
+
+/* Interrupt shadow states */
+#define KVM_X86_SHADOW_INT_MOV_SS	0x01
+#define KVM_X86_SHADOW_INT_STI		0x02
+
+/* for KVM_GET/SET_VCPU_EVENTS */
+struct kvm_vcpu_events {
+	struct {
+		__u8 injected;
+		__u8 nr;
+		__u8 has_error_code;
+		__u8 pad;
+		__u32 error_code;
+	} exception;
+	struct {
+		__u8 injected;
+		__u8 nr;
+		__u8 soft;
+		__u8 shadow;
+	} interrupt;
+	struct {
+		__u8 injected;
+		__u8 pending;
+		__u8 masked;
+		__u8 pad;
+	} nmi;
+	__u32 sipi_vector;
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u32 reserved[10];
+};
+
+/* for KVM_GET/SET_DEBUGREGS */
+struct kvm_debugregs {
+	__u64 db[4];
+	__u64 dr6;
+	__u64 dr7;
+	__u64 flags;
+	__u64 reserved[9];
+};
+
+/* for KVM_CAP_XSAVE */
+struct kvm_xsave {
+	__u32 region[1024];
+};
+
+#define KVM_MAX_XCRS	16
+
+struct kvm_xcr {
+	__u32 xcr;
+	__u32 reserved;
+	__u64 value;
+};
+
+struct kvm_xcrs {
+	__u32 nr_xcrs;
+	__u32 flags;
+	struct kvm_xcr xcrs[KVM_MAX_XCRS];
+	__u64 padding[16];
+};
+
+#endif /* _ASM_X86_KVM_H */
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/kvm_para.h b/include/asm-x86/kvm_para.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..834d71e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-x86/kvm_para.h
@@ -0,0 +1,79 @@ 
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_KVM_PARA_H
+#define _ASM_X86_KVM_PARA_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <asm/hyperv.h>
+
+/* This CPUID returns the signature 'KVMKVMKVM' in ebx, ecx, and edx.  It
+ * should be used to determine that a VM is running under KVM.
+ */
+#define KVM_CPUID_SIGNATURE	0x40000000
+
+/* This CPUID returns a feature bitmap in eax.  Before enabling a particular
+ * paravirtualization, the appropriate feature bit should be checked.
+ */
+#define KVM_CPUID_FEATURES	0x40000001
+#define KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE		0
+#define KVM_FEATURE_NOP_IO_DELAY	1
+#define KVM_FEATURE_MMU_OP		2
+/* This indicates that the new set of kvmclock msrs
+ * are available. The use of 0x11 and 0x12 is deprecated
+ */
+#define KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE2        3
+#define KVM_FEATURE_ASYNC_PF		4
+
+/* The last 8 bits are used to indicate how to interpret the flags field
+ * in pvclock structure. If no bits are set, all flags are ignored.
+ */
+#define KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE_STABLE_BIT	24
+
+#define MSR_KVM_WALL_CLOCK  0x11
+#define MSR_KVM_SYSTEM_TIME 0x12
+
+/* Custom MSRs falls in the range 0x4b564d00-0x4b564dff */
+#define MSR_KVM_WALL_CLOCK_NEW  0x4b564d00
+#define MSR_KVM_SYSTEM_TIME_NEW 0x4b564d01
+#define MSR_KVM_ASYNC_PF_EN 0x4b564d02
+
+#define KVM_MAX_MMU_OP_BATCH           32
+
+#define KVM_ASYNC_PF_ENABLED			(1 << 0)
+#define KVM_ASYNC_PF_SEND_ALWAYS		(1 << 1)
+
+/* Operations for KVM_HC_MMU_OP */
+#define KVM_MMU_OP_WRITE_PTE            1
+#define KVM_MMU_OP_FLUSH_TLB	        2
+#define KVM_MMU_OP_RELEASE_PT	        3
+
+/* Payload for KVM_HC_MMU_OP */
+struct kvm_mmu_op_header {
+	__u32 op;
+	__u32 pad;
+};
+
+struct kvm_mmu_op_write_pte {
+	struct kvm_mmu_op_header header;
+	__u64 pte_phys;
+	__u64 pte_val;
+};
+
+struct kvm_mmu_op_flush_tlb {
+	struct kvm_mmu_op_header header;
+};
+
+struct kvm_mmu_op_release_pt {
+	struct kvm_mmu_op_header header;
+	__u64 pt_phys;
+};
+
+#define KVM_PV_REASON_PAGE_NOT_PRESENT 1
+#define KVM_PV_REASON_PAGE_READY 2
+
+struct kvm_vcpu_pv_apf_data {
+	__u32 reason;
+	__u8 pad[60];
+	__u32 enabled;
+};
+
+
+#endif /* _ASM_X86_KVM_PARA_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/kvm.h b/include/linux/kvm.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..40c2781
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/kvm.h
@@ -0,0 +1,803 @@ 
+#ifndef __LINUX_KVM_H
+#define __LINUX_KVM_H
+
+/*
+ * Userspace interface for /dev/kvm - kernel based virtual machine
+ *
+ * Note: you must update KVM_API_VERSION if you change this interface.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+#include <linux/ioctl.h>
+#include <asm/kvm.h>
+
+#define KVM_API_VERSION 12
+
+/* *** Deprecated interfaces *** */
+
+#define KVM_TRC_SHIFT           16
+
+#define KVM_TRC_ENTRYEXIT       (1 << KVM_TRC_SHIFT)
+#define KVM_TRC_HANDLER         (1 << (KVM_TRC_SHIFT + 1))
+
+#define KVM_TRC_VMENTRY         (KVM_TRC_ENTRYEXIT + 0x01)
+#define KVM_TRC_VMEXIT          (KVM_TRC_ENTRYEXIT + 0x02)
+#define KVM_TRC_PAGE_FAULT      (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x01)
+
+#define KVM_TRC_HEAD_SIZE       12
+#define KVM_TRC_CYCLE_SIZE      8
+#define KVM_TRC_EXTRA_MAX       7
+
+#define KVM_TRC_INJ_VIRQ         (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x02)
+#define KVM_TRC_REDELIVER_EVT    (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x03)
+#define KVM_TRC_PEND_INTR        (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x04)
+#define KVM_TRC_IO_READ          (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x05)
+#define KVM_TRC_IO_WRITE         (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x06)
+#define KVM_TRC_CR_READ          (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x07)
+#define KVM_TRC_CR_WRITE         (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x08)
+#define KVM_TRC_DR_READ          (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x09)
+#define KVM_TRC_DR_WRITE         (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x0A)
+#define KVM_TRC_MSR_READ         (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x0B)
+#define KVM_TRC_MSR_WRITE        (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x0C)
+#define KVM_TRC_CPUID            (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x0D)
+#define KVM_TRC_INTR             (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x0E)
+#define KVM_TRC_NMI              (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x0F)
+#define KVM_TRC_VMMCALL          (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x10)
+#define KVM_TRC_HLT              (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x11)
+#define KVM_TRC_CLTS             (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x12)
+#define KVM_TRC_LMSW             (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x13)
+#define KVM_TRC_APIC_ACCESS      (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x14)
+#define KVM_TRC_TDP_FAULT        (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x15)
+#define KVM_TRC_GTLB_WRITE       (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x16)
+#define KVM_TRC_STLB_WRITE       (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x17)
+#define KVM_TRC_STLB_INVAL       (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x18)
+#define KVM_TRC_PPC_INSTR        (KVM_TRC_HANDLER + 0x19)
+
+struct kvm_user_trace_setup {
+	__u32 buf_size;
+	__u32 buf_nr;
+};
+
+#define __KVM_DEPRECATED_MAIN_W_0x06 \
+	_IOW(KVMIO, 0x06, struct kvm_user_trace_setup)
+#define __KVM_DEPRECATED_MAIN_0x07 _IO(KVMIO, 0x07)
+#define __KVM_DEPRECATED_MAIN_0x08 _IO(KVMIO, 0x08)
+
+#define __KVM_DEPRECATED_VM_R_0x70 _IOR(KVMIO, 0x70, struct kvm_assigned_irq)
+
+struct kvm_breakpoint {
+	__u32 enabled;
+	__u32 padding;
+	__u64 address;
+};
+
+struct kvm_debug_guest {
+	__u32 enabled;
+	__u32 pad;
+	struct kvm_breakpoint breakpoints[4];
+	__u32 singlestep;
+};
+
+#define __KVM_DEPRECATED_VCPU_W_0x87 _IOW(KVMIO, 0x87, struct kvm_debug_guest)
+
+/* *** End of deprecated interfaces *** */
+
+
+/* for KVM_CREATE_MEMORY_REGION */
+struct kvm_memory_region {
+	__u32 slot;
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u64 guest_phys_addr;
+	__u64 memory_size; /* bytes */
+};
+
+/* for KVM_SET_USER_MEMORY_REGION */
+struct kvm_userspace_memory_region {
+	__u32 slot;
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u64 guest_phys_addr;
+	__u64 memory_size; /* bytes */
+	__u64 userspace_addr; /* start of the userspace allocated memory */
+};
+
+/* for kvm_memory_region::flags */
+#define KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES  1UL
+#define KVM_MEMSLOT_INVALID      (1UL << 1)
+
+/* for KVM_IRQ_LINE */
+struct kvm_irq_level {
+	/*
+	 * ACPI gsi notion of irq.
+	 * For IA-64 (APIC model) IOAPIC0: irq 0-23; IOAPIC1: irq 24-47..
+	 * For X86 (standard AT mode) PIC0/1: irq 0-15. IOAPIC0: 0-23..
+	 */
+	union {
+		__u32 irq;
+		__s32 status;
+	};
+	__u32 level;
+};
+
+
+struct kvm_irqchip {
+	__u32 chip_id;
+	__u32 pad;
+        union {
+		char dummy[512];  /* reserving space */
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_PIT
+		struct kvm_pic_state pic;
+#endif
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_IOAPIC
+		struct kvm_ioapic_state ioapic;
+#endif
+	} chip;
+};
+
+/* for KVM_CREATE_PIT2 */
+struct kvm_pit_config {
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u32 pad[15];
+};
+
+#define KVM_PIT_SPEAKER_DUMMY     1
+
+#define KVM_EXIT_UNKNOWN          0
+#define KVM_EXIT_EXCEPTION        1
+#define KVM_EXIT_IO               2
+#define KVM_EXIT_HYPERCALL        3
+#define KVM_EXIT_DEBUG            4
+#define KVM_EXIT_HLT              5
+#define KVM_EXIT_MMIO             6
+#define KVM_EXIT_IRQ_WINDOW_OPEN  7
+#define KVM_EXIT_SHUTDOWN         8
+#define KVM_EXIT_FAIL_ENTRY       9
+#define KVM_EXIT_INTR             10
+#define KVM_EXIT_SET_TPR          11
+#define KVM_EXIT_TPR_ACCESS       12
+#define KVM_EXIT_S390_SIEIC       13
+#define KVM_EXIT_S390_RESET       14
+#define KVM_EXIT_DCR              15
+#define KVM_EXIT_NMI              16
+#define KVM_EXIT_INTERNAL_ERROR   17
+#define KVM_EXIT_OSI              18
+
+/* For KVM_EXIT_INTERNAL_ERROR */
+#define KVM_INTERNAL_ERROR_EMULATION 1
+#define KVM_INTERNAL_ERROR_SIMUL_EX 2
+
+/* for KVM_RUN, returned by mmap(vcpu_fd, offset=0) */
+struct kvm_run {
+	/* in */
+	__u8 request_interrupt_window;
+	__u8 padding1[7];
+
+	/* out */
+	__u32 exit_reason;
+	__u8 ready_for_interrupt_injection;
+	__u8 if_flag;
+	__u8 padding2[2];
+
+	/* in (pre_kvm_run), out (post_kvm_run) */
+	__u64 cr8;
+	__u64 apic_base;
+
+#ifdef __KVM_S390
+	/* the processor status word for s390 */
+	__u64 psw_mask; /* psw upper half */
+	__u64 psw_addr; /* psw lower half */
+#endif
+	union {
+		/* KVM_EXIT_UNKNOWN */
+		struct {
+			__u64 hardware_exit_reason;
+		} hw;
+		/* KVM_EXIT_FAIL_ENTRY */
+		struct {
+			__u64 hardware_entry_failure_reason;
+		} fail_entry;
+		/* KVM_EXIT_EXCEPTION */
+		struct {
+			__u32 exception;
+			__u32 error_code;
+		} ex;
+		/* KVM_EXIT_IO */
+		struct {
+#define KVM_EXIT_IO_IN  0
+#define KVM_EXIT_IO_OUT 1
+			__u8 direction;
+			__u8 size; /* bytes */
+			__u16 port;
+			__u32 count;
+			__u64 data_offset; /* relative to kvm_run start */
+		} io;
+		struct {
+			struct kvm_debug_exit_arch arch;
+		} debug;
+		/* KVM_EXIT_MMIO */
+		struct {
+			__u64 phys_addr;
+			__u8  data[8];
+			__u32 len;
+			__u8  is_write;
+		} mmio;
+		/* KVM_EXIT_HYPERCALL */
+		struct {
+			__u64 nr;
+			__u64 args[6];
+			__u64 ret;
+			__u32 longmode;
+			__u32 pad;
+		} hypercall;
+		/* KVM_EXIT_TPR_ACCESS */
+		struct {
+			__u64 rip;
+			__u32 is_write;
+			__u32 pad;
+		} tpr_access;
+		/* KVM_EXIT_S390_SIEIC */
+		struct {
+			__u8 icptcode;
+			__u16 ipa;
+			__u32 ipb;
+		} s390_sieic;
+		/* KVM_EXIT_S390_RESET */
+#define KVM_S390_RESET_POR       1
+#define KVM_S390_RESET_CLEAR     2
+#define KVM_S390_RESET_SUBSYSTEM 4
+#define KVM_S390_RESET_CPU_INIT  8
+#define KVM_S390_RESET_IPL       16
+		__u64 s390_reset_flags;
+		/* KVM_EXIT_DCR */
+		struct {
+			__u32 dcrn;
+			__u32 data;
+			__u8  is_write;
+		} dcr;
+		struct {
+			__u32 suberror;
+			/* Available with KVM_CAP_INTERNAL_ERROR_DATA: */
+			__u32 ndata;
+			__u64 data[16];
+		} internal;
+		/* KVM_EXIT_OSI */
+		struct {
+			__u64 gprs[32];
+		} osi;
+		/* Fix the size of the union. */
+		char padding[256];
+	};
+};
+
+/* for KVM_REGISTER_COALESCED_MMIO / KVM_UNREGISTER_COALESCED_MMIO */
+
+struct kvm_coalesced_mmio_zone {
+	__u64 addr;
+	__u32 size;
+	__u32 pad;
+};
+
+struct kvm_coalesced_mmio {
+	__u64 phys_addr;
+	__u32 len;
+	__u32 pad;
+	__u8  data[8];
+};
+
+struct kvm_coalesced_mmio_ring {
+	__u32 first, last;
+	struct kvm_coalesced_mmio coalesced_mmio[0];
+};
+
+#define KVM_COALESCED_MMIO_MAX \
+	((PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct kvm_coalesced_mmio_ring)) / \
+	 sizeof(struct kvm_coalesced_mmio))
+
+/* for KVM_TRANSLATE */
+struct kvm_translation {
+	/* in */
+	__u64 linear_address;
+
+	/* out */
+	__u64 physical_address;
+	__u8  valid;
+	__u8  writeable;
+	__u8  usermode;
+	__u8  pad[5];
+};
+
+/* for KVM_INTERRUPT */
+struct kvm_interrupt {
+	/* in */
+	__u32 irq;
+};
+
+/* for KVM_GET_DIRTY_LOG */
+struct kvm_dirty_log {
+	__u32 slot;
+	__u32 padding1;
+	union {
+		void *dirty_bitmap; /* one bit per page */
+		__u64 padding2;
+	};
+};
+
+/* for KVM_SET_SIGNAL_MASK */
+struct kvm_signal_mask {
+	__u32 len;
+	__u8  sigset[0];
+};
+
+/* for KVM_TPR_ACCESS_REPORTING */
+struct kvm_tpr_access_ctl {
+	__u32 enabled;
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u32 reserved[8];
+};
+
+/* for KVM_SET_VAPIC_ADDR */
+struct kvm_vapic_addr {
+	__u64 vapic_addr;
+};
+
+/* for KVM_SET_MPSTATE */
+
+#define KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE          0
+#define KVM_MP_STATE_UNINITIALIZED     1
+#define KVM_MP_STATE_INIT_RECEIVED     2
+#define KVM_MP_STATE_HALTED            3
+#define KVM_MP_STATE_SIPI_RECEIVED     4
+
+struct kvm_mp_state {
+	__u32 mp_state;
+};
+
+struct kvm_s390_psw {
+	__u64 mask;
+	__u64 addr;
+};
+
+/* valid values for type in kvm_s390_interrupt */
+#define KVM_S390_SIGP_STOP		0xfffe0000u
+#define KVM_S390_PROGRAM_INT		0xfffe0001u
+#define KVM_S390_SIGP_SET_PREFIX	0xfffe0002u
+#define KVM_S390_RESTART		0xfffe0003u
+#define KVM_S390_INT_VIRTIO		0xffff2603u
+#define KVM_S390_INT_SERVICE		0xffff2401u
+#define KVM_S390_INT_EMERGENCY		0xffff1201u
+
+struct kvm_s390_interrupt {
+	__u32 type;
+	__u32 parm;
+	__u64 parm64;
+};
+
+/* for KVM_SET_GUEST_DEBUG */
+
+#define KVM_GUESTDBG_ENABLE		0x00000001
+#define KVM_GUESTDBG_SINGLESTEP		0x00000002
+
+struct kvm_guest_debug {
+	__u32 control;
+	__u32 pad;
+	struct kvm_guest_debug_arch arch;
+};
+
+enum {
+	kvm_ioeventfd_flag_nr_datamatch,
+	kvm_ioeventfd_flag_nr_pio,
+	kvm_ioeventfd_flag_nr_deassign,
+	kvm_ioeventfd_flag_nr_max,
+};
+
+#define KVM_IOEVENTFD_FLAG_DATAMATCH (1 << kvm_ioeventfd_flag_nr_datamatch)
+#define KVM_IOEVENTFD_FLAG_PIO       (1 << kvm_ioeventfd_flag_nr_pio)
+#define KVM_IOEVENTFD_FLAG_DEASSIGN  (1 << kvm_ioeventfd_flag_nr_deassign)
+
+#define KVM_IOEVENTFD_VALID_FLAG_MASK  ((1 << kvm_ioeventfd_flag_nr_max) - 1)
+
+struct kvm_ioeventfd {
+	__u64 datamatch;
+	__u64 addr;        /* legal pio/mmio address */
+	__u32 len;         /* 1, 2, 4, or 8 bytes    */
+	__s32 fd;
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u8  pad[36];
+};
+
+/* for KVM_ENABLE_CAP */
+struct kvm_enable_cap {
+	/* in */
+	__u32 cap;
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u64 args[4];
+	__u8  pad[64];
+};
+
+/* for KVM_PPC_GET_PVINFO */
+struct kvm_ppc_pvinfo {
+	/* out */
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u32 hcall[4];
+	__u8  pad[108];
+};
+
+#define KVMIO 0xAE
+
+/*
+ * ioctls for /dev/kvm fds:
+ */
+#define KVM_GET_API_VERSION       _IO(KVMIO,   0x00)
+#define KVM_CREATE_VM             _IO(KVMIO,   0x01) /* returns a VM fd */
+#define KVM_GET_MSR_INDEX_LIST    _IOWR(KVMIO, 0x02, struct kvm_msr_list)
+
+#define KVM_S390_ENABLE_SIE       _IO(KVMIO,   0x06)
+/*
+ * Check if a kvm extension is available.  Argument is extension number,
+ * return is 1 (yes) or 0 (no, sorry).
+ */
+#define KVM_CHECK_EXTENSION       _IO(KVMIO,   0x03)
+/*
+ * Get size for mmap(vcpu_fd)
+ */
+#define KVM_GET_VCPU_MMAP_SIZE    _IO(KVMIO,   0x04) /* in bytes */
+#define KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID   _IOWR(KVMIO, 0x05, struct kvm_cpuid2)
+#define KVM_TRACE_ENABLE          __KVM_DEPRECATED_MAIN_W_0x06
+#define KVM_TRACE_PAUSE           __KVM_DEPRECATED_MAIN_0x07
+#define KVM_TRACE_DISABLE         __KVM_DEPRECATED_MAIN_0x08
+
+/*
+ * Extension capability list.
+ */
+#define KVM_CAP_IRQCHIP	  0
+#define KVM_CAP_HLT	  1
+#define KVM_CAP_MMU_SHADOW_CACHE_CONTROL 2
+#define KVM_CAP_USER_MEMORY 3
+#define KVM_CAP_SET_TSS_ADDR 4
+#define KVM_CAP_VAPIC 6
+#define KVM_CAP_EXT_CPUID 7
+#define KVM_CAP_CLOCKSOURCE 8
+#define KVM_CAP_NR_VCPUS 9       /* returns max vcpus per vm */
+#define KVM_CAP_NR_MEMSLOTS 10   /* returns max memory slots per vm */
+#define KVM_CAP_PIT 11
+#define KVM_CAP_NOP_IO_DELAY 12
+#define KVM_CAP_PV_MMU 13
+#define KVM_CAP_MP_STATE 14
+#define KVM_CAP_COALESCED_MMIO 15
+#define KVM_CAP_SYNC_MMU 16  /* Changes to host mmap are reflected in guest */
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_DEVICE_ASSIGNMENT
+#define KVM_CAP_DEVICE_ASSIGNMENT 17
+#endif
+#define KVM_CAP_IOMMU 18
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_MSI
+#define KVM_CAP_DEVICE_MSI 20
+#endif
+/* Bug in KVM_SET_USER_MEMORY_REGION fixed: */
+#define KVM_CAP_DESTROY_MEMORY_REGION_WORKS 21
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_USER_NMI
+#define KVM_CAP_USER_NMI 22
+#endif
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_GUEST_DEBUG
+#define KVM_CAP_SET_GUEST_DEBUG 23
+#endif
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_PIT
+#define KVM_CAP_REINJECT_CONTROL 24
+#endif
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_IOAPIC
+#define KVM_CAP_IRQ_ROUTING 25
+#endif
+#define KVM_CAP_IRQ_INJECT_STATUS 26
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_DEVICE_ASSIGNMENT
+#define KVM_CAP_DEVICE_DEASSIGNMENT 27
+#endif
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_MSIX
+#define KVM_CAP_DEVICE_MSIX 28
+#endif
+#define KVM_CAP_ASSIGN_DEV_IRQ 29
+/* Another bug in KVM_SET_USER_MEMORY_REGION fixed: */
+#define KVM_CAP_JOIN_MEMORY_REGIONS_WORKS 30
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_MCE
+#define KVM_CAP_MCE 31
+#endif
+#define KVM_CAP_IRQFD 32
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_PIT
+#define KVM_CAP_PIT2 33
+#endif
+#define KVM_CAP_SET_BOOT_CPU_ID 34
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_PIT_STATE2
+#define KVM_CAP_PIT_STATE2 35
+#endif
+#define KVM_CAP_IOEVENTFD 36
+#define KVM_CAP_SET_IDENTITY_MAP_ADDR 37
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_XEN_HVM
+#define KVM_CAP_XEN_HVM 38
+#endif
+#define KVM_CAP_ADJUST_CLOCK 39
+#define KVM_CAP_INTERNAL_ERROR_DATA 40
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_VCPU_EVENTS
+#define KVM_CAP_VCPU_EVENTS 41
+#endif
+#define KVM_CAP_S390_PSW 42
+#define KVM_CAP_PPC_SEGSTATE 43
+#define KVM_CAP_HYPERV 44
+#define KVM_CAP_HYPERV_VAPIC 45
+#define KVM_CAP_HYPERV_SPIN 46
+#define KVM_CAP_PCI_SEGMENT 47
+#define KVM_CAP_PPC_PAIRED_SINGLES 48
+#define KVM_CAP_INTR_SHADOW 49
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_DEBUGREGS
+#define KVM_CAP_DEBUGREGS 50
+#endif
+#define KVM_CAP_X86_ROBUST_SINGLESTEP 51
+#define KVM_CAP_PPC_OSI 52
+#define KVM_CAP_PPC_UNSET_IRQ 53
+#define KVM_CAP_ENABLE_CAP 54
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_XSAVE
+#define KVM_CAP_XSAVE 55
+#endif
+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_XCRS
+#define KVM_CAP_XCRS 56
+#endif
+#define KVM_CAP_PPC_GET_PVINFO 57
+#define KVM_CAP_PPC_IRQ_LEVEL 58
+#define KVM_CAP_ASYNC_PF 59
+#define KVM_CAP_TSC_CONTROL 60
+#define KVM_CAP_GET_TSC_KHZ 61
+
+#ifdef KVM_CAP_IRQ_ROUTING
+
+struct kvm_irq_routing_irqchip {
+	__u32 irqchip;
+	__u32 pin;
+};
+
+struct kvm_irq_routing_msi {
+	__u32 address_lo;
+	__u32 address_hi;
+	__u32 data;
+	__u32 pad;
+};
+
+/* gsi routing entry types */
+#define KVM_IRQ_ROUTING_IRQCHIP 1
+#define KVM_IRQ_ROUTING_MSI 2
+
+struct kvm_irq_routing_entry {
+	__u32 gsi;
+	__u32 type;
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u32 pad;
+	union {
+		struct kvm_irq_routing_irqchip irqchip;
+		struct kvm_irq_routing_msi msi;
+		__u32 pad[8];
+	} u;
+};
+
+struct kvm_irq_routing {
+	__u32 nr;
+	__u32 flags;
+	struct kvm_irq_routing_entry entries[0];
+};
+
+#endif
+
+#ifdef KVM_CAP_MCE
+/* x86 MCE */
+struct kvm_x86_mce {
+	__u64 status;
+	__u64 addr;
+	__u64 misc;
+	__u64 mcg_status;
+	__u8 bank;
+	__u8 pad1[7];
+	__u64 pad2[3];
+};
+#endif
+
+#ifdef KVM_CAP_XEN_HVM
+struct kvm_xen_hvm_config {
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u32 msr;
+	__u64 blob_addr_32;
+	__u64 blob_addr_64;
+	__u8 blob_size_32;
+	__u8 blob_size_64;
+	__u8 pad2[30];
+};
+#endif
+
+#define KVM_IRQFD_FLAG_DEASSIGN (1 << 0)
+
+struct kvm_irqfd {
+	__u32 fd;
+	__u32 gsi;
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u8  pad[20];
+};
+
+struct kvm_clock_data {
+	__u64 clock;
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u32 pad[9];
+};
+
+/*
+ * ioctls for VM fds
+ */
+#define KVM_SET_MEMORY_REGION     _IOW(KVMIO,  0x40, struct kvm_memory_region)
+/*
+ * KVM_CREATE_VCPU receives as a parameter the vcpu slot, and returns
+ * a vcpu fd.
+ */
+#define KVM_CREATE_VCPU           _IO(KVMIO,   0x41)
+#define KVM_GET_DIRTY_LOG         _IOW(KVMIO,  0x42, struct kvm_dirty_log)
+/* KVM_SET_MEMORY_ALIAS is obsolete: */
+#define KVM_SET_MEMORY_ALIAS      _IOW(KVMIO,  0x43, struct kvm_memory_alias)
+#define KVM_SET_NR_MMU_PAGES      _IO(KVMIO,   0x44)
+#define KVM_GET_NR_MMU_PAGES      _IO(KVMIO,   0x45)
+#define KVM_SET_USER_MEMORY_REGION _IOW(KVMIO, 0x46, \
+					struct kvm_userspace_memory_region)
+#define KVM_SET_TSS_ADDR          _IO(KVMIO,   0x47)
+#define KVM_SET_IDENTITY_MAP_ADDR _IOW(KVMIO,  0x48, __u64)
+/* Device model IOC */
+#define KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP        _IO(KVMIO,   0x60)
+#define KVM_IRQ_LINE              _IOW(KVMIO,  0x61, struct kvm_irq_level)
+#define KVM_GET_IRQCHIP           _IOWR(KVMIO, 0x62, struct kvm_irqchip)
+#define KVM_SET_IRQCHIP           _IOR(KVMIO,  0x63, struct kvm_irqchip)
+#define KVM_CREATE_PIT            _IO(KVMIO,   0x64)
+#define KVM_GET_PIT               _IOWR(KVMIO, 0x65, struct kvm_pit_state)
+#define KVM_SET_PIT               _IOR(KVMIO,  0x66, struct kvm_pit_state)
+#define KVM_IRQ_LINE_STATUS       _IOWR(KVMIO, 0x67, struct kvm_irq_level)
+#define KVM_REGISTER_COALESCED_MMIO \
+			_IOW(KVMIO,  0x67, struct kvm_coalesced_mmio_zone)
+#define KVM_UNREGISTER_COALESCED_MMIO \
+			_IOW(KVMIO,  0x68, struct kvm_coalesced_mmio_zone)
+#define KVM_ASSIGN_PCI_DEVICE     _IOR(KVMIO,  0x69, \
+				       struct kvm_assigned_pci_dev)
+#define KVM_SET_GSI_ROUTING       _IOW(KVMIO,  0x6a, struct kvm_irq_routing)
+/* deprecated, replaced by KVM_ASSIGN_DEV_IRQ */
+#define KVM_ASSIGN_IRQ            __KVM_DEPRECATED_VM_R_0x70
+#define KVM_ASSIGN_DEV_IRQ        _IOW(KVMIO,  0x70, struct kvm_assigned_irq)
+#define KVM_REINJECT_CONTROL      _IO(KVMIO,   0x71)
+#define KVM_DEASSIGN_PCI_DEVICE   _IOW(KVMIO,  0x72, \
+				       struct kvm_assigned_pci_dev)
+#define KVM_ASSIGN_SET_MSIX_NR    _IOW(KVMIO,  0x73, \
+				       struct kvm_assigned_msix_nr)
+#define KVM_ASSIGN_SET_MSIX_ENTRY _IOW(KVMIO,  0x74, \
+				       struct kvm_assigned_msix_entry)
+#define KVM_DEASSIGN_DEV_IRQ      _IOW(KVMIO,  0x75, struct kvm_assigned_irq)
+#define KVM_IRQFD                 _IOW(KVMIO,  0x76, struct kvm_irqfd)
+#define KVM_CREATE_PIT2		  _IOW(KVMIO,  0x77, struct kvm_pit_config)
+#define KVM_SET_BOOT_CPU_ID       _IO(KVMIO,   0x78)
+#define KVM_IOEVENTFD             _IOW(KVMIO,  0x79, struct kvm_ioeventfd)
+#define KVM_XEN_HVM_CONFIG        _IOW(KVMIO,  0x7a, struct kvm_xen_hvm_config)
+#define KVM_SET_CLOCK             _IOW(KVMIO,  0x7b, struct kvm_clock_data)
+#define KVM_GET_CLOCK             _IOR(KVMIO,  0x7c, struct kvm_clock_data)
+/* Available with KVM_CAP_PIT_STATE2 */
+#define KVM_GET_PIT2              _IOR(KVMIO,  0x9f, struct kvm_pit_state2)
+#define KVM_SET_PIT2              _IOW(KVMIO,  0xa0, struct kvm_pit_state2)
+/* Available with KVM_CAP_PPC_GET_PVINFO */
+#define KVM_PPC_GET_PVINFO	  _IOW(KVMIO,  0xa1, struct kvm_ppc_pvinfo)
+/* Available with KVM_CAP_TSC_CONTROL */
+#define KVM_SET_TSC_KHZ           _IO(KVMIO,  0xa2)
+#define KVM_GET_TSC_KHZ           _IO(KVMIO,  0xa3)
+
+/*
+ * ioctls for vcpu fds
+ */
+#define KVM_RUN                   _IO(KVMIO,   0x80)
+#define KVM_GET_REGS              _IOR(KVMIO,  0x81, struct kvm_regs)
+#define KVM_SET_REGS              _IOW(KVMIO,  0x82, struct kvm_regs)
+#define KVM_GET_SREGS             _IOR(KVMIO,  0x83, struct kvm_sregs)
+#define KVM_SET_SREGS             _IOW(KVMIO,  0x84, struct kvm_sregs)
+#define KVM_TRANSLATE             _IOWR(KVMIO, 0x85, struct kvm_translation)
+#define KVM_INTERRUPT             _IOW(KVMIO,  0x86, struct kvm_interrupt)
+/* KVM_DEBUG_GUEST is no longer supported, use KVM_SET_GUEST_DEBUG instead */
+#define KVM_DEBUG_GUEST           __KVM_DEPRECATED_VCPU_W_0x87
+#define KVM_GET_MSRS              _IOWR(KVMIO, 0x88, struct kvm_msrs)
+#define KVM_SET_MSRS              _IOW(KVMIO,  0x89, struct kvm_msrs)
+#define KVM_SET_CPUID             _IOW(KVMIO,  0x8a, struct kvm_cpuid)
+#define KVM_SET_SIGNAL_MASK       _IOW(KVMIO,  0x8b, struct kvm_signal_mask)
+#define KVM_GET_FPU               _IOR(KVMIO,  0x8c, struct kvm_fpu)
+#define KVM_SET_FPU               _IOW(KVMIO,  0x8d, struct kvm_fpu)
+#define KVM_GET_LAPIC             _IOR(KVMIO,  0x8e, struct kvm_lapic_state)
+#define KVM_SET_LAPIC             _IOW(KVMIO,  0x8f, struct kvm_lapic_state)
+#define KVM_SET_CPUID2            _IOW(KVMIO,  0x90, struct kvm_cpuid2)
+#define KVM_GET_CPUID2            _IOWR(KVMIO, 0x91, struct kvm_cpuid2)
+/* Available with KVM_CAP_VAPIC */
+#define KVM_TPR_ACCESS_REPORTING  _IOWR(KVMIO, 0x92, struct kvm_tpr_access_ctl)
+/* Available with KVM_CAP_VAPIC */
+#define KVM_SET_VAPIC_ADDR        _IOW(KVMIO,  0x93, struct kvm_vapic_addr)
+/* valid for virtual machine (for floating interrupt)_and_ vcpu */
+#define KVM_S390_INTERRUPT        _IOW(KVMIO,  0x94, struct kvm_s390_interrupt)
+/* store status for s390 */
+#define KVM_S390_STORE_STATUS_NOADDR    (-1ul)
+#define KVM_S390_STORE_STATUS_PREFIXED  (-2ul)
+#define KVM_S390_STORE_STATUS	  _IOW(KVMIO,  0x95, unsigned long)
+/* initial ipl psw for s390 */
+#define KVM_S390_SET_INITIAL_PSW  _IOW(KVMIO,  0x96, struct kvm_s390_psw)
+/* initial reset for s390 */
+#define KVM_S390_INITIAL_RESET    _IO(KVMIO,   0x97)
+#define KVM_GET_MP_STATE          _IOR(KVMIO,  0x98, struct kvm_mp_state)
+#define KVM_SET_MP_STATE          _IOW(KVMIO,  0x99, struct kvm_mp_state)
+/* Available with KVM_CAP_NMI */
+#define KVM_NMI                   _IO(KVMIO,   0x9a)
+/* Available with KVM_CAP_SET_GUEST_DEBUG */
+#define KVM_SET_GUEST_DEBUG       _IOW(KVMIO,  0x9b, struct kvm_guest_debug)
+/* MCE for x86 */
+#define KVM_X86_SETUP_MCE         _IOW(KVMIO,  0x9c, __u64)
+#define KVM_X86_GET_MCE_CAP_SUPPORTED _IOR(KVMIO,  0x9d, __u64)
+#define KVM_X86_SET_MCE           _IOW(KVMIO,  0x9e, struct kvm_x86_mce)
+/* IA64 stack access */
+#define KVM_IA64_VCPU_GET_STACK   _IOR(KVMIO,  0x9a, void *)
+#define KVM_IA64_VCPU_SET_STACK   _IOW(KVMIO,  0x9b, void *)
+/* Available with KVM_CAP_VCPU_EVENTS */
+#define KVM_GET_VCPU_EVENTS       _IOR(KVMIO,  0x9f, struct kvm_vcpu_events)
+#define KVM_SET_VCPU_EVENTS       _IOW(KVMIO,  0xa0, struct kvm_vcpu_events)
+/* Available with KVM_CAP_DEBUGREGS */
+#define KVM_GET_DEBUGREGS         _IOR(KVMIO,  0xa1, struct kvm_debugregs)
+#define KVM_SET_DEBUGREGS         _IOW(KVMIO,  0xa2, struct kvm_debugregs)
+#define KVM_ENABLE_CAP            _IOW(KVMIO,  0xa3, struct kvm_enable_cap)
+/* Available with KVM_CAP_XSAVE */
+#define KVM_GET_XSAVE		  _IOR(KVMIO,  0xa4, struct kvm_xsave)
+#define KVM_SET_XSAVE		  _IOW(KVMIO,  0xa5, struct kvm_xsave)
+/* Available with KVM_CAP_XCRS */
+#define KVM_GET_XCRS		  _IOR(KVMIO,  0xa6, struct kvm_xcrs)
+#define KVM_SET_XCRS		  _IOW(KVMIO,  0xa7, struct kvm_xcrs)
+
+#define KVM_DEV_ASSIGN_ENABLE_IOMMU	(1 << 0)
+
+struct kvm_assigned_pci_dev {
+	__u32 assigned_dev_id;
+	__u32 busnr;
+	__u32 devfn;
+	__u32 flags;
+	__u32 segnr;
+	union {
+		__u32 reserved[11];
+	};
+};
+
+#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_HOST_INTX    (1 << 0)
+#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_HOST_MSI     (1 << 1)
+#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_HOST_MSIX    (1 << 2)
+
+#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_GUEST_INTX   (1 << 8)
+#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_GUEST_MSI    (1 << 9)
+#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_GUEST_MSIX   (1 << 10)
+
+#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_HOST_MASK	 0x00ff
+#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_GUEST_MASK   0xff00
+
+struct kvm_assigned_irq {
+	__u32 assigned_dev_id;
+	__u32 host_irq;
+	__u32 guest_irq;
+	__u32 flags;
+	union {
+		struct {
+			__u32 addr_lo;
+			__u32 addr_hi;
+			__u32 data;
+		} guest_msi;
+		__u32 reserved[12];
+	};
+};
+
+
+struct kvm_assigned_msix_nr {
+	__u32 assigned_dev_id;
+	__u16 entry_nr;
+	__u16 padding;
+};
+
+#define KVM_MAX_MSIX_PER_DEV		256
+struct kvm_assigned_msix_entry {
+	__u32 assigned_dev_id;
+	__u32 gsi;
+	__u16 entry; /* The index of entry in the MSI-X table */
+	__u16 padding[3];
+};
+
+#endif /* __LINUX_KVM_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_para.h b/include/linux/kvm_para.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b315e27
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/kvm_para.h
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@ 
+#ifndef __LINUX_KVM_PARA_H
+#define __LINUX_KVM_PARA_H
+
+/*
+ * This header file provides a method for making a hypercall to the host
+ * Architectures should define:
+ * - kvm_hypercall0, kvm_hypercall1...
+ * - kvm_arch_para_features
+ * - kvm_para_available
+ */
+
+/* Return values for hypercalls */
+#define KVM_ENOSYS		1000
+#define KVM_EFAULT		EFAULT
+#define KVM_E2BIG		E2BIG
+#define KVM_EPERM		EPERM
+
+#define KVM_HC_VAPIC_POLL_IRQ		1
+#define KVM_HC_MMU_OP			2
+#define KVM_HC_FEATURES			3
+#define KVM_HC_PPC_MAP_MAGIC_PAGE	4
+
+/*
+ * hypercalls use architecture specific
+ */
+#include <asm/kvm_para.h>
+
+#endif /* __LINUX_KVM_PARA_H */
+
diff --git a/include/linux/vhost.h b/include/linux/vhost.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..165a484
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/vhost.h
@@ -0,0 +1,130 @@ 
+#ifndef _LINUX_VHOST_H
+#define _LINUX_VHOST_H
+/* Userspace interface for in-kernel virtio accelerators. */
+
+/* vhost is used to reduce the number of system calls involved in virtio.
+ *
+ * Existing virtio net code is used in the guest without modification.
+ *
+ * This header includes interface used by userspace hypervisor for
+ * device configuration.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+#include <linux/ioctl.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_config.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_ring.h>
+
+struct vhost_vring_state {
+	unsigned int index;
+	unsigned int num;
+};
+
+struct vhost_vring_file {
+	unsigned int index;
+	int fd; /* Pass -1 to unbind from file. */
+
+};
+
+struct vhost_vring_addr {
+	unsigned int index;
+	/* Option flags. */
+	unsigned int flags;
+	/* Flag values: */
+	/* Whether log address is valid. If set enables logging. */
+#define VHOST_VRING_F_LOG 0
+
+	/* Start of array of descriptors (virtually contiguous) */
+	__u64 desc_user_addr;
+	/* Used structure address. Must be 32 bit aligned */
+	__u64 used_user_addr;
+	/* Available structure address. Must be 16 bit aligned */
+	__u64 avail_user_addr;
+	/* Logging support. */
+	/* Log writes to used structure, at offset calculated from specified
+	 * address. Address must be 32 bit aligned. */
+	__u64 log_guest_addr;
+};
+
+struct vhost_memory_region {
+	__u64 guest_phys_addr;
+	__u64 memory_size; /* bytes */
+	__u64 userspace_addr;
+	__u64 flags_padding; /* No flags are currently specified. */
+};
+
+/* All region addresses and sizes must be 4K aligned. */
+#define VHOST_PAGE_SIZE 0x1000
+
+struct vhost_memory {
+	__u32 nregions;
+	__u32 padding;
+	struct vhost_memory_region regions[0];
+};
+
+/* ioctls */
+
+#define VHOST_VIRTIO 0xAF
+
+/* Features bitmask for forward compatibility.  Transport bits are used for
+ * vhost specific features. */
+#define VHOST_GET_FEATURES	_IOR(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x00, __u64)
+#define VHOST_SET_FEATURES	_IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x00, __u64)
+
+/* Set current process as the (exclusive) owner of this file descriptor.  This
+ * must be called before any other vhost command.  Further calls to
+ * VHOST_OWNER_SET fail until VHOST_OWNER_RESET is called. */
+#define VHOST_SET_OWNER _IO(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x01)
+/* Give up ownership, and reset the device to default values.
+ * Allows subsequent call to VHOST_OWNER_SET to succeed. */
+#define VHOST_RESET_OWNER _IO(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x02)
+
+/* Set up/modify memory layout */
+#define VHOST_SET_MEM_TABLE	_IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x03, struct vhost_memory)
+
+/* Write logging setup. */
+/* Memory writes can optionally be logged by setting bit at an offset
+ * (calculated from the physical address) from specified log base.
+ * The bit is set using an atomic 32 bit operation. */
+/* Set base address for logging. */
+#define VHOST_SET_LOG_BASE _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x04, __u64)
+/* Specify an eventfd file descriptor to signal on log write. */
+#define VHOST_SET_LOG_FD _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x07, int)
+
+/* Ring setup. */
+/* Set number of descriptors in ring. This parameter can not
+ * be modified while ring is running (bound to a device). */
+#define VHOST_SET_VRING_NUM _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x10, struct vhost_vring_state)
+/* Set addresses for the ring. */
+#define VHOST_SET_VRING_ADDR _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x11, struct vhost_vring_addr)
+/* Base value where queue looks for available descriptors */
+#define VHOST_SET_VRING_BASE _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x12, struct vhost_vring_state)
+/* Get accessor: reads index, writes value in num */
+#define VHOST_GET_VRING_BASE _IOWR(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x12, struct vhost_vring_state)
+
+/* The following ioctls use eventfd file descriptors to signal and poll
+ * for events. */
+
+/* Set eventfd to poll for added buffers */
+#define VHOST_SET_VRING_KICK _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x20, struct vhost_vring_file)
+/* Set eventfd to signal when buffers have beed used */
+#define VHOST_SET_VRING_CALL _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x21, struct vhost_vring_file)
+/* Set eventfd to signal an error */
+#define VHOST_SET_VRING_ERR _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x22, struct vhost_vring_file)
+
+/* VHOST_NET specific defines */
+
+/* Attach virtio net ring to a raw socket, or tap device.
+ * The socket must be already bound to an ethernet device, this device will be
+ * used for transmit.  Pass fd -1 to unbind from the socket and the transmit
+ * device.  This can be used to stop the ring (e.g. for migration). */
+#define VHOST_NET_SET_BACKEND _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x30, struct vhost_vring_file)
+
+/* Feature bits */
+/* Log all write descriptors. Can be changed while device is active. */
+#define VHOST_F_LOG_ALL 26
+/* vhost-net should add virtio_net_hdr for RX, and strip for TX packets. */
+#define VHOST_NET_F_VIRTIO_NET_HDR 27
+
+#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/virtio_config.h b/include/linux/virtio_config.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..26f45f1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/virtio_config.h
@@ -0,0 +1,31 @@ 
+#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_CONFIG_H
+#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_CONFIG_H
+/* This header, excluding the #ifdef __KERNEL__ part, is BSD licensed so
+ * anyone can use the definitions to implement compatible drivers/servers. */
+
+/* Virtio devices use a standardized configuration space to define their
+ * features and pass configuration information, but each implementation can
+ * store and access that space differently. */
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+/* Status byte for guest to report progress, and synchronize features. */
+/* We have seen device and processed generic fields (VIRTIO_CONFIG_F_VIRTIO) */
+#define VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_ACKNOWLEDGE	1
+/* We have found a driver for the device. */
+#define VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER		2
+/* Driver has used its parts of the config, and is happy */
+#define VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK	4
+/* We've given up on this device. */
+#define VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_FAILED		0x80
+
+/* Some virtio feature bits (currently bits 28 through 31) are reserved for the
+ * transport being used (eg. virtio_ring), the rest are per-device feature
+ * bits. */
+#define VIRTIO_TRANSPORT_F_START	28
+#define VIRTIO_TRANSPORT_F_END		32
+
+/* Do we get callbacks when the ring is completely used, even if we've
+ * suppressed them? */
+#define VIRTIO_F_NOTIFY_ON_EMPTY	24
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_VIRTIO_CONFIG_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/virtio_ring.h b/include/linux/virtio_ring.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..541dc42
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/virtio_ring.h
@@ -0,0 +1,113 @@ 
+#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_RING_H
+#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_RING_H
+/* An interface for efficient virtio implementation, currently for use by KVM
+ * and lguest, but hopefully others soon.  Do NOT change this since it will
+ * break existing servers and clients.
+ *
+ * This header is BSD licensed so anyone can use the definitions to implement
+ * compatible drivers/servers.
+ *
+ * Copyright Rusty Russell IBM Corporation 2007. */
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+/* This marks a buffer as continuing via the next field. */
+#define VRING_DESC_F_NEXT	1
+/* This marks a buffer as write-only (otherwise read-only). */
+#define VRING_DESC_F_WRITE	2
+/* This means the buffer contains a list of buffer descriptors. */
+#define VRING_DESC_F_INDIRECT	4
+
+/* The Host uses this in used->flags to advise the Guest: don't kick me when
+ * you add a buffer.  It's unreliable, so it's simply an optimization.  Guest
+ * will still kick if it's out of buffers. */
+#define VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY	1
+/* The Guest uses this in avail->flags to advise the Host: don't interrupt me
+ * when you consume a buffer.  It's unreliable, so it's simply an
+ * optimization.  */
+#define VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT	1
+
+/* We support indirect buffer descriptors */
+#define VIRTIO_RING_F_INDIRECT_DESC	28
+
+/* Virtio ring descriptors: 16 bytes.  These can chain together via "next". */
+struct vring_desc {
+	/* Address (guest-physical). */
+	__u64 addr;
+	/* Length. */
+	__u32 len;
+	/* The flags as indicated above. */
+	__u16 flags;
+	/* We chain unused descriptors via this, too */
+	__u16 next;
+};
+
+struct vring_avail {
+	__u16 flags;
+	__u16 idx;
+	__u16 ring[];
+};
+
+/* u32 is used here for ids for padding reasons. */
+struct vring_used_elem {
+	/* Index of start of used descriptor chain. */
+	__u32 id;
+	/* Total length of the descriptor chain which was used (written to) */
+	__u32 len;
+};
+
+struct vring_used {
+	__u16 flags;
+	__u16 idx;
+	struct vring_used_elem ring[];
+};
+
+struct vring {
+	unsigned int num;
+
+	struct vring_desc *desc;
+
+	struct vring_avail *avail;
+
+	struct vring_used *used;
+};
+
+/* The standard layout for the ring is a continuous chunk of memory which looks
+ * like this.  We assume num is a power of 2.
+ *
+ * struct vring
+ * {
+ *	// The actual descriptors (16 bytes each)
+ *	struct vring_desc desc[num];
+ *
+ *	// A ring of available descriptor heads with free-running index.
+ *	__u16 avail_flags;
+ *	__u16 avail_idx;
+ *	__u16 available[num];
+ *
+ *	// Padding to the next align boundary.
+ *	char pad[];
+ *
+ *	// A ring of used descriptor heads with free-running index.
+ *	__u16 used_flags;
+ *	__u16 used_idx;
+ *	struct vring_used_elem used[num];
+ * };
+ */
+static __inline__ void vring_init(struct vring *vr, unsigned int num, void *p,
+			      unsigned long align)
+{
+	vr->num = num;
+	vr->desc = p;
+	vr->avail = p + num*sizeof(struct vring_desc);
+	vr->used = (void *)(((unsigned long)&vr->avail->ring[num] + align-1)
+			    & ~(align - 1));
+}
+
+static __inline__ unsigned vring_size(unsigned int num, unsigned long align)
+{
+	return ((sizeof(struct vring_desc) * num + sizeof(__u16) * (2 + num)
+		 + align - 1) & ~(align - 1))
+		+ sizeof(__u16) * 2 + sizeof(struct vring_used_elem) * num;
+}
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_VIRTIO_RING_H */
diff --git a/scripts/update-linux-headers.sh b/scripts/update-linux-headers.sh
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..7b8f8e2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/update-linux-headers.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@ 
+#!/bin/sh
+#
+# Update Linux kernel headers QEMU requires from a specified kernel tree.
+#
+# Copyright (C) 2011 Siemens AG
+#
+# Authors:
+#  Jan Kiszka        <jan.kiszka@siemens.com>
+#
+# This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL version 2.
+# See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
+
+tmpdir=$TMPDIR/.tmp-hdrs-$$
+linux=$1
+output=$2
+
+if [ -z "$linux" -o ! -d "$linux" ]; then
+    cat << EOF
+usage: update-kernel-headers.sh LINUX_PATH [OUTPUT_PATH]
+
+LINUX_PATH      Linux kernel directory to obtain the headers from
+OUTPUT_PATH     output directory, usually the qemu source tree (default: $PWD)
+EOF
+    exit 1
+fi
+
+if [ -z "$output" ]; then
+    output=$PWD
+fi
+
+for arch in x86 powerpc s390; do
+    make -C $linux INSTALL_HDR_PATH=$tmpdir SRCARCH=$arch headers_install
+
+    rm -rf $output/include/asm-$arch/*
+    for header in kvm.h kvm_para.h; do
+        cp $tmpdir/include/asm/$header $output/include/asm-$arch
+    done
+    if [ $arch == x86 ]; then
+        cp $tmpdir/include/asm/hyperv.h $output/include/asm-x86
+    fi
+done
+
+rm -rf $output/include/linux/*
+for header in kvm.h kvm_para.h vhost.h virtio_config.h virtio_ring.h; do
+    cp $tmpdir/include/linux/$header $output/include/linux
+done
+rm -rf $tmpdir