[v7,07/12] ACPI / hotplug / PCI: Do not scan all bridges when native PCIe hotplug is used

Message ID 20180517092903.43701-8-mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com
State New
Delegated to: Bjorn Helgaas
Headers show
Series
  • PCI: Fixes and cleanups for native PCIe, SHPC and ACPI hotplug
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Commit Message

Mika Westerberg May 17, 2018, 9:28 a.m.
When a system is using native PCIe hotplug for Thunderbolt it will be
only present in the system when there is a device connected. This pretty
much follows the BIOS assisted hotplug behaviour.

Thunderbolt host router integrated PCIe switch has two additional PCIe
downstream bridges that lead to NHI (Thunderbolt host controller) and xHCI
(USB 3 host controller) respectively. These downstream bridges are not
marked being hotplug capable. Reason for that is to preserve resources.
Otherwise the OS would distribute remaining resources between all
downstream bridges making these two bridges consume precious resources
of the actual hotplug bridges.

Now, because these two bridges are not marked being hotplug capable the OS
will not enable hotplug interrupt for them either and will not receive
interrupt when devices behind them are hot-added. Solution to this is
that the BIOS sends ACPI Notify() to the root port let the OS know it
needs to rescan for added and/or removed devices.

Here is how the mechanism is supposed to work when a Thunderbolt
endpoint is connected to one of the ports. In case of a standard USB-C
device only the xHCI is hot-added otherwise steps are the same.

1. Initially there is only the PCIe root port that is controlled by
   the pciehp driver

  00:1b.0 (Hotplug+) --

2. Then we get native PCIe hotplug interrupt and once it is handled the
   topology looks as following

  00:1b.0 (Hotplug+) -- 01:00.0 --+- 02:00.0 --
                                  +- 02:01.0 (HotPlug+)
                                  \- 02:02.0 --

3. Bridges 02:00.0 and 02:02.0 are not marked as hotplug capable and
   they don't have anything behind them currently. Bridge 02:01.0 is
   hotplug capable and used for extending the topology. At this point
   the required PCIe devices are enabled and ACPI Notify() is sent to
   the root port. The resulting topology is expected to look like

  00:1b.0 (Hotplug+) -- 01:00.0 --+- 02:00.0 -- Thunderbolt host controller
                                  +- 02:01.0 (HotPlug+)
                                  \- 02:02.0 -- xHCI host controller

However, the current ACPI hotplug implementation scans the whole 00:1b.0
hotplug slot and everything behind it regardless whether native PCIe is
used or not, and it expects that the BIOS has configured bridge
resources upfront. If that's not the case it assigns resources using
minimal allocation (everything currently found just barely fit)
preventing future extension. In addition to that, if there is another
native PCIe hotplug going on we may find the new PCIe switch only
partially ready (all links are not fully trained yet) confusing pciehp
when it finally starts to enumerate for new devices.

To make this work better with the native PCIe (pciehp) and standard PCI
(shpchp) hotplug drivers, we let them handle all slot management and
resource allocation for hotplug bridges and restrict ACPI hotplug to
non-hotplug bridges.

Signed-off-by: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
---
 drivers/pci/hotplug/acpiphp_glue.c | 75 +++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 58 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/acpiphp_glue.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/acpiphp_glue.c
index b45b375c0e6c..a8286058f490 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/acpiphp_glue.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/acpiphp_glue.c
@@ -287,11 +287,12 @@  static acpi_status acpiphp_add_context(acpi_handle handle, u32 lvl, void *data,
 	/*
 	 * Expose slots to user space for functions that have _EJ0 or _RMV or
 	 * are located in dock stations.  Do not expose them for devices handled
-	 * by the native PCIe hotplug (PCIeHP), becuase that code is supposed to
-	 * expose slots to user space in those cases.
+	 * by the native PCIe hotplug (PCIeHP) or standard PCI hotplug
+	 * (SHPCHP), because that code is supposed to expose slots to user
+	 * space in those cases.
 	 */
 	if ((acpi_pci_check_ejectable(pbus, handle) || is_dock_device(adev))
-	    && !(pdev && pdev->is_hotplug_bridge && pciehp_is_native(pdev))) {
+	    && !hotplug_is_native(pdev)) {
 		unsigned long long sun;
 		int retval;
 
@@ -430,6 +431,29 @@  static int acpiphp_rescan_slot(struct acpiphp_slot *slot)
 	return pci_scan_slot(slot->bus, PCI_DEVFN(slot->device, 0));
 }
 
+static void acpiphp_native_scan_bridge(struct pci_dev *bridge)
+{
+	struct pci_bus *bus = bridge->subordinate;
+	struct pci_dev *dev;
+	int max;
+
+	if (!bus)
+		return;
+
+	max = bus->busn_res.start;
+	/* Scan already configured non-hotplug bridges */
+	for_each_pci_bridge(dev, bus) {
+		if (!dev->is_hotplug_bridge)
+			max = pci_scan_bridge(bus, dev, max, 0);
+	}
+
+	/* Scan non-hotplug bridges that need to be reconfigured */
+	for_each_pci_bridge(dev, bus) {
+		if (!dev->is_hotplug_bridge)
+			max = pci_scan_bridge(bus, dev, max, 1);
+	}
+}
+
 /**
  * enable_slot - enable, configure a slot
  * @slot: slot to be enabled
@@ -442,25 +466,42 @@  static void enable_slot(struct acpiphp_slot *slot)
 	struct pci_dev *dev;
 	struct pci_bus *bus = slot->bus;
 	struct acpiphp_func *func;
-	int max, pass;
-	LIST_HEAD(add_list);
 
-	acpiphp_rescan_slot(slot);
-	max = acpiphp_max_busnr(bus);
-	for (pass = 0; pass < 2; pass++) {
+	if (hotplug_is_native(bus->self)) {
+		/*
+		 * If native hotplug is used, it will take care of hotplug
+		 * slot management and resource allocation for hotplug
+		 * bridges. However, ACPI hotplug may still be used for
+		 * non-hotplug bridges to bring in additional devices such
+		 * as Thunderbolt host controller.
+		 */
 		for_each_pci_bridge(dev, bus) {
-			if (PCI_SLOT(dev->devfn) != slot->device)
-				continue;
-
-			max = pci_scan_bridge(bus, dev, max, pass);
-			if (pass && dev->subordinate) {
-				check_hotplug_bridge(slot, dev);
-				pcibios_resource_survey_bus(dev->subordinate);
-				__pci_bus_size_bridges(dev->subordinate, &add_list);
+			if (PCI_SLOT(dev->devfn) == slot->device)
+				acpiphp_native_scan_bridge(dev);
+		}
+		pci_assign_unassigned_bridge_resources(bus->self);
+	} else {
+		LIST_HEAD(add_list);
+		int max, pass;
+
+		acpiphp_rescan_slot(slot);
+		max = acpiphp_max_busnr(bus);
+		for (pass = 0; pass < 2; pass++) {
+			for_each_pci_bridge(dev, bus) {
+				if (PCI_SLOT(dev->devfn) != slot->device)
+					continue;
+
+				max = pci_scan_bridge(bus, dev, max, pass);
+				if (pass && dev->subordinate) {
+					check_hotplug_bridge(slot, dev);
+					pcibios_resource_survey_bus(dev->subordinate);
+					__pci_bus_size_bridges(dev->subordinate,
+							       &add_list);
+				}
 			}
 		}
+		__pci_bus_assign_resources(bus, &add_list, NULL);
 	}
-	__pci_bus_assign_resources(bus, &add_list, NULL);
 
 	acpiphp_sanitize_bus(bus);
 	pcie_bus_configure_settings(bus);