[v17,4/9] PCI/AER: Factor out error reporting to drivers/pci/pcie/err.c

Message ID 1526542991-5291-5-git-send-email-poza@codeaurora.org
State Accepted
Delegated to: Bjorn Helgaas
Headers show
Series
  • Address error and recovery for AER and DPC
Related show

Commit Message

Oza Pawandeep May 17, 2018, 7:43 a.m.
Move the error reporting callbacks from aerdrv_core.c to err.c, where they
can be used by DPC in addition to AER.

As part of aerdrv_core.c, these callbacks were built under CONFIG_PCIEAER.
Moving them to the new err.c means they will now be built under
CONFIG_PCIEPORTBUS, so adjust the definition of pci_uevent_ers() to match.

Signed-off-by: Oza Pawandeep <poza@codeaurora.org>
[bhelgaas: in reset_link(), initialize "driver" even if CONFIG_PCIEAER is
unset, update pci_uevent_ers() #ifdef wrapper]
Signed-off-by: Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org>

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
index 6ace470..ffb9564 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
@@ -1535,7 +1535,7 @@  static int pci_uevent(struct device *dev, struct kobj_uevent_env *env)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-#if defined(CONFIG_PCIEAER) || defined(CONFIG_EEH)
+#if defined(CONFIG_PCIEPORTBUS) || defined(CONFIG_EEH)
 /**
  * pci_uevent_ers - emit a uevent during recovery path of PCI device
  * @pdev: PCI device undergoing error recovery
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci.h b/drivers/pci/pci.h
index cec9d8c..5e8857a 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci.h
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci.h
@@ -353,6 +353,10 @@  static inline resource_size_t pci_resource_alignment(struct pci_dev *dev,
 
 void pci_enable_acs(struct pci_dev *dev);
 
+/* PCI error reporting and recovery */
+void pcie_do_fatal_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev);
+void pcie_do_nonfatal_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev);
+
 bool pcie_wait_for_link(struct pci_dev *pdev, bool active);
 #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEASPM
 void pcie_aspm_init_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev);
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/Makefile b/drivers/pci/pcie/Makefile
index 800e1d4..03f4e0b 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pcie/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/Makefile
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@ 
 #
 # Makefile for PCI Express features and port driver
 
-pcieportdrv-y			:= portdrv_core.o portdrv_pci.o
+pcieportdrv-y			:= portdrv_core.o portdrv_pci.o err.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_PCIEPORTBUS)	+= pcieportdrv.o
 
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/aer/aerdrv.h b/drivers/pci/pcie/aer/aerdrv.h
index 08b4584..b4c9506 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pcie/aer/aerdrv.h
+++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/aer/aerdrv.h
@@ -76,36 +76,6 @@  struct aer_rpc {
 					 */
 };
 
-struct aer_broadcast_data {
-	enum pci_channel_state state;
-	enum pci_ers_result result;
-};
-
-static inline pci_ers_result_t merge_result(enum pci_ers_result orig,
-		enum pci_ers_result new)
-{
-	if (new == PCI_ERS_RESULT_NO_AER_DRIVER)
-		return PCI_ERS_RESULT_NO_AER_DRIVER;
-
-	if (new == PCI_ERS_RESULT_NONE)
-		return orig;
-
-	switch (orig) {
-	case PCI_ERS_RESULT_CAN_RECOVER:
-	case PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED:
-		orig = new;
-		break;
-	case PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT:
-		if (new == PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET)
-			orig = PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET;
-		break;
-	default:
-		break;
-	}
-
-	return orig;
-}
-
 extern struct bus_type pcie_port_bus_type;
 void aer_isr(struct work_struct *work);
 void aer_print_error(struct pci_dev *dev, struct aer_err_info *info);
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/aer/aerdrv_core.c b/drivers/pci/pcie/aer/aerdrv_core.c
index a2d7cc7..4fa1ee4 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pcie/aer/aerdrv_core.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/aer/aerdrv_core.c
@@ -228,191 +228,6 @@  static bool find_source_device(struct pci_dev *parent,
 	return true;
 }
 
-static int report_error_detected(struct pci_dev *dev, void *data)
-{
-	pci_ers_result_t vote;
-	const struct pci_error_handlers *err_handler;
-	struct aer_broadcast_data *result_data;
-	result_data = (struct aer_broadcast_data *) data;
-
-	device_lock(&dev->dev);
-	dev->error_state = result_data->state;
-
-	if (!dev->driver ||
-		!dev->driver->err_handler ||
-		!dev->driver->err_handler->error_detected) {
-		if (result_data->state == pci_channel_io_frozen &&
-			dev->hdr_type != PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE) {
-			/*
-			 * In case of fatal recovery, if one of down-
-			 * stream device has no driver. We might be
-			 * unable to recover because a later insmod
-			 * of a driver for this device is unaware of
-			 * its hw state.
-			 */
-			pci_printk(KERN_DEBUG, dev, "device has %s\n",
-				   dev->driver ?
-				   "no AER-aware driver" : "no driver");
-		}
-
-		/*
-		 * If there's any device in the subtree that does not
-		 * have an error_detected callback, returning
-		 * PCI_ERS_RESULT_NO_AER_DRIVER prevents calling of
-		 * the subsequent mmio_enabled/slot_reset/resume
-		 * callbacks of "any" device in the subtree. All the
-		 * devices in the subtree are left in the error state
-		 * without recovery.
-		 */
-
-		if (dev->hdr_type != PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE)
-			vote = PCI_ERS_RESULT_NO_AER_DRIVER;
-		else
-			vote = PCI_ERS_RESULT_NONE;
-	} else {
-		err_handler = dev->driver->err_handler;
-		vote = err_handler->error_detected(dev, result_data->state);
-		pci_uevent_ers(dev, PCI_ERS_RESULT_NONE);
-	}
-
-	result_data->result = merge_result(result_data->result, vote);
-	device_unlock(&dev->dev);
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static int report_mmio_enabled(struct pci_dev *dev, void *data)
-{
-	pci_ers_result_t vote;
-	const struct pci_error_handlers *err_handler;
-	struct aer_broadcast_data *result_data;
-	result_data = (struct aer_broadcast_data *) data;
-
-	device_lock(&dev->dev);
-	if (!dev->driver ||
-		!dev->driver->err_handler ||
-		!dev->driver->err_handler->mmio_enabled)
-		goto out;
-
-	err_handler = dev->driver->err_handler;
-	vote = err_handler->mmio_enabled(dev);
-	result_data->result = merge_result(result_data->result, vote);
-out:
-	device_unlock(&dev->dev);
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static int report_slot_reset(struct pci_dev *dev, void *data)
-{
-	pci_ers_result_t vote;
-	const struct pci_error_handlers *err_handler;
-	struct aer_broadcast_data *result_data;
-	result_data = (struct aer_broadcast_data *) data;
-
-	device_lock(&dev->dev);
-	if (!dev->driver ||
-		!dev->driver->err_handler ||
-		!dev->driver->err_handler->slot_reset)
-		goto out;
-
-	err_handler = dev->driver->err_handler;
-	vote = err_handler->slot_reset(dev);
-	result_data->result = merge_result(result_data->result, vote);
-out:
-	device_unlock(&dev->dev);
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static int report_resume(struct pci_dev *dev, void *data)
-{
-	const struct pci_error_handlers *err_handler;
-
-	device_lock(&dev->dev);
-	dev->error_state = pci_channel_io_normal;
-
-	if (!dev->driver ||
-		!dev->driver->err_handler ||
-		!dev->driver->err_handler->resume)
-		goto out;
-
-	err_handler = dev->driver->err_handler;
-	err_handler->resume(dev);
-	pci_uevent_ers(dev, PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED);
-out:
-	device_unlock(&dev->dev);
-	return 0;
-}
-
-/**
- * broadcast_error_message - handle message broadcast to downstream drivers
- * @dev: pointer to from where in a hierarchy message is broadcasted down
- * @state: error state
- * @error_mesg: message to print
- * @cb: callback to be broadcasted
- *
- * Invoked during error recovery process. Once being invoked, the content
- * of error severity will be broadcasted to all downstream drivers in a
- * hierarchy in question.
- */
-static pci_ers_result_t broadcast_error_message(struct pci_dev *dev,
-	enum pci_channel_state state,
-	char *error_mesg,
-	int (*cb)(struct pci_dev *, void *))
-{
-	struct aer_broadcast_data result_data;
-
-	pci_printk(KERN_DEBUG, dev, "broadcast %s message\n", error_mesg);
-	result_data.state = state;
-	if (cb == report_error_detected)
-		result_data.result = PCI_ERS_RESULT_CAN_RECOVER;
-	else
-		result_data.result = PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED;
-
-	if (dev->hdr_type == PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE) {
-		/*
-		 * If the error is reported by a bridge, we think this error
-		 * is related to the downstream link of the bridge, so we
-		 * do error recovery on all subordinates of the bridge instead
-		 * of the bridge and clear the error status of the bridge.
-		 */
-		if (cb == report_error_detected)
-			dev->error_state = state;
-		pci_walk_bus(dev->subordinate, cb, &result_data);
-		if (cb == report_resume) {
-			pci_cleanup_aer_uncorrect_error_status(dev);
-			dev->error_state = pci_channel_io_normal;
-		}
-	} else {
-		/*
-		 * If the error is reported by an end point, we think this
-		 * error is related to the upstream link of the end point.
-		 */
-		if (state == pci_channel_io_normal)
-			/*
-			 * the error is non fatal so the bus is ok, just invoke
-			 * the callback for the function that logged the error.
-			 */
-			cb(dev, &result_data);
-		else
-			pci_walk_bus(dev->bus, cb, &result_data);
-	}
-
-	return result_data.result;
-}
-
-/**
- * default_reset_link - default reset function
- * @dev: pointer to pci_dev data structure
- *
- * Invoked when performing link reset on a Downstream Port or a
- * Root Port with no aer driver.
- */
-static pci_ers_result_t default_reset_link(struct pci_dev *dev)
-{
-	pci_reset_bridge_secondary_bus(dev);
-	pci_printk(KERN_DEBUG, dev, "downstream link has been reset\n");
-	return PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED;
-}
-
 static int find_aer_service_iter(struct device *device, void *data)
 {
 	struct pcie_port_service_driver *service_driver, **drv;
@@ -430,7 +245,7 @@  static int find_aer_service_iter(struct device *device, void *data)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static struct pcie_port_service_driver *find_aer_service(struct pci_dev *dev)
+struct pcie_port_service_driver *find_aer_service(struct pci_dev *dev)
 {
 	struct pcie_port_service_driver *drv = NULL;
 
@@ -439,154 +254,6 @@  static struct pcie_port_service_driver *find_aer_service(struct pci_dev *dev)
 	return drv;
 }
 
-static pci_ers_result_t reset_link(struct pci_dev *dev)
-{
-	struct pci_dev *udev;
-	pci_ers_result_t status;
-	struct pcie_port_service_driver *driver;
-
-	if (dev->hdr_type == PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE) {
-		/* Reset this port for all subordinates */
-		udev = dev;
-	} else {
-		/* Reset the upstream component (likely downstream port) */
-		udev = dev->bus->self;
-	}
-
-	/* Use the aer driver of the component firstly */
-	driver = find_aer_service(udev);
-
-	if (driver && driver->reset_link) {
-		status = driver->reset_link(udev);
-	} else if (udev->has_secondary_link) {
-		status = default_reset_link(udev);
-	} else {
-		pci_printk(KERN_DEBUG, dev, "no link-reset support at upstream device %s\n",
-			pci_name(udev));
-		return PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT;
-	}
-
-	if (status != PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED) {
-		pci_printk(KERN_DEBUG, dev, "link reset at upstream device %s failed\n",
-			pci_name(udev));
-		return PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT;
-	}
-
-	return status;
-}
-
-/**
- * pcie_do_fatal_recovery - handle fatal error recovery process
- * @dev: pointer to a pci_dev data structure of agent detecting an error
- *
- * Invoked when an error is fatal. Once being invoked, removes the devices
- * beneath this AER agent, followed by reset link e.g. secondary bus reset
- * followed by re-enumeration of devices.
- */
-static void pcie_do_fatal_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev)
-{
-	struct pci_dev *udev;
-	struct pci_bus *parent;
-	struct pci_dev *pdev, *temp;
-	pci_ers_result_t result;
-	struct aer_broadcast_data result_data;
-
-	if (dev->hdr_type == PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE)
-		udev = dev;
-	else
-		udev = dev->bus->self;
-
-	parent = udev->subordinate;
-	pci_lock_rescan_remove();
-	list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse(pdev, temp, &parent->devices,
-					 bus_list) {
-		pci_dev_get(pdev);
-		pci_dev_set_disconnected(pdev, NULL);
-		if (pci_has_subordinate(pdev))
-			pci_walk_bus(pdev->subordinate,
-				     pci_dev_set_disconnected, NULL);
-		pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device(pdev);
-		pci_dev_put(pdev);
-	}
-
-	result = reset_link(udev);
-
-	if (dev->hdr_type == PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE) {
-		/*
-		 * If the error is reported by a bridge, we think this error
-		 * is related to the downstream link of the bridge, so we
-		 * do error recovery on all subordinates of the bridge instead
-		 * of the bridge and clear the error status of the bridge.
-		 */
-		pci_cleanup_aer_uncorrect_error_status(dev);
-	}
-
-	if (result == PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED) {
-		if (pcie_wait_for_link(udev, true))
-			pci_rescan_bus(udev->bus);
-	} else {
-		pci_uevent_ers(dev, PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT);
-		pci_info(dev, "AER: Device recovery from fatal error failed\n");
-	}
-
-	pci_unlock_rescan_remove();
-}
-
-/**
- * pcie_do_nonfatal_recovery - handle nonfatal error recovery process
- * @dev: pointer to a pci_dev data structure of agent detecting an error
- *
- * Invoked when an error is nonfatal. Once being invoked, broadcast
- * error detected message to all downstream drivers within a hierarchy in
- * question and return the returned code.
- */
-static void pcie_do_nonfatal_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev)
-{
-	pci_ers_result_t status;
-	enum pci_channel_state state;
-
-	state = pci_channel_io_normal;
-
-	status = broadcast_error_message(dev,
-			state,
-			"error_detected",
-			report_error_detected);
-
-	if (status == PCI_ERS_RESULT_CAN_RECOVER)
-		status = broadcast_error_message(dev,
-				state,
-				"mmio_enabled",
-				report_mmio_enabled);
-
-	if (status == PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET) {
-		/*
-		 * TODO: Should call platform-specific
-		 * functions to reset slot before calling
-		 * drivers' slot_reset callbacks?
-		 */
-		status = broadcast_error_message(dev,
-				state,
-				"slot_reset",
-				report_slot_reset);
-	}
-
-	if (status != PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED)
-		goto failed;
-
-	broadcast_error_message(dev,
-				state,
-				"resume",
-				report_resume);
-
-	pci_info(dev, "AER: Device recovery successful\n");
-	return;
-
-failed:
-	pci_uevent_ers(dev, PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT);
-	/* TODO: Should kernel panic here? */
-	pci_info(dev, "AER: Device recovery failed\n");
-}
-
 /**
  * handle_error_source - handle logging error into an event log
  * @aerdev: pointer to pcie_device data structure of the root port
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c b/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..307120b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
@@ -0,0 +1,390 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * This file implements the error recovery as a core part of PCIe error
+ * reporting. When a PCIe error is delivered, an error message will be
+ * collected and printed to console, then, an error recovery procedure
+ * will be executed by following the PCI error recovery rules.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2006 Intel Corp.
+ *	Tom Long Nguyen (tom.l.nguyen@intel.com)
+ *	Zhang Yanmin (yanmin.zhang@intel.com)
+ */
+
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/aer.h>
+#include "portdrv.h"
+#include "../pci.h"
+
+struct aer_broadcast_data {
+	enum pci_channel_state state;
+	enum pci_ers_result result;
+};
+
+static pci_ers_result_t merge_result(enum pci_ers_result orig,
+				  enum pci_ers_result new)
+{
+	if (new == PCI_ERS_RESULT_NO_AER_DRIVER)
+		return PCI_ERS_RESULT_NO_AER_DRIVER;
+
+	if (new == PCI_ERS_RESULT_NONE)
+		return orig;
+
+	switch (orig) {
+	case PCI_ERS_RESULT_CAN_RECOVER:
+	case PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED:
+		orig = new;
+		break;
+	case PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT:
+		if (new == PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET)
+			orig = PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET;
+		break;
+	default:
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return orig;
+}
+
+static int report_error_detected(struct pci_dev *dev, void *data)
+{
+	pci_ers_result_t vote;
+	const struct pci_error_handlers *err_handler;
+	struct aer_broadcast_data *result_data;
+
+	result_data = (struct aer_broadcast_data *) data;
+
+	device_lock(&dev->dev);
+	dev->error_state = result_data->state;
+
+	if (!dev->driver ||
+		!dev->driver->err_handler ||
+		!dev->driver->err_handler->error_detected) {
+		if (result_data->state == pci_channel_io_frozen &&
+			dev->hdr_type != PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE) {
+			/*
+			 * In case of fatal recovery, if one of down-
+			 * stream device has no driver. We might be
+			 * unable to recover because a later insmod
+			 * of a driver for this device is unaware of
+			 * its hw state.
+			 */
+			pci_printk(KERN_DEBUG, dev, "device has %s\n",
+				   dev->driver ?
+				   "no AER-aware driver" : "no driver");
+		}
+
+		/*
+		 * If there's any device in the subtree that does not
+		 * have an error_detected callback, returning
+		 * PCI_ERS_RESULT_NO_AER_DRIVER prevents calling of
+		 * the subsequent mmio_enabled/slot_reset/resume
+		 * callbacks of "any" device in the subtree. All the
+		 * devices in the subtree are left in the error state
+		 * without recovery.
+		 */
+
+		if (dev->hdr_type != PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE)
+			vote = PCI_ERS_RESULT_NO_AER_DRIVER;
+		else
+			vote = PCI_ERS_RESULT_NONE;
+	} else {
+		err_handler = dev->driver->err_handler;
+		vote = err_handler->error_detected(dev, result_data->state);
+		pci_uevent_ers(dev, PCI_ERS_RESULT_NONE);
+	}
+
+	result_data->result = merge_result(result_data->result, vote);
+	device_unlock(&dev->dev);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int report_mmio_enabled(struct pci_dev *dev, void *data)
+{
+	pci_ers_result_t vote;
+	const struct pci_error_handlers *err_handler;
+	struct aer_broadcast_data *result_data;
+
+	result_data = (struct aer_broadcast_data *) data;
+
+	device_lock(&dev->dev);
+	if (!dev->driver ||
+		!dev->driver->err_handler ||
+		!dev->driver->err_handler->mmio_enabled)
+		goto out;
+
+	err_handler = dev->driver->err_handler;
+	vote = err_handler->mmio_enabled(dev);
+	result_data->result = merge_result(result_data->result, vote);
+out:
+	device_unlock(&dev->dev);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int report_slot_reset(struct pci_dev *dev, void *data)
+{
+	pci_ers_result_t vote;
+	const struct pci_error_handlers *err_handler;
+	struct aer_broadcast_data *result_data;
+
+	result_data = (struct aer_broadcast_data *) data;
+
+	device_lock(&dev->dev);
+	if (!dev->driver ||
+		!dev->driver->err_handler ||
+		!dev->driver->err_handler->slot_reset)
+		goto out;
+
+	err_handler = dev->driver->err_handler;
+	vote = err_handler->slot_reset(dev);
+	result_data->result = merge_result(result_data->result, vote);
+out:
+	device_unlock(&dev->dev);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int report_resume(struct pci_dev *dev, void *data)
+{
+	const struct pci_error_handlers *err_handler;
+
+	device_lock(&dev->dev);
+	dev->error_state = pci_channel_io_normal;
+
+	if (!dev->driver ||
+		!dev->driver->err_handler ||
+		!dev->driver->err_handler->resume)
+		goto out;
+
+	err_handler = dev->driver->err_handler;
+	err_handler->resume(dev);
+	pci_uevent_ers(dev, PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED);
+out:
+	device_unlock(&dev->dev);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * default_reset_link - default reset function
+ * @dev: pointer to pci_dev data structure
+ *
+ * Invoked when performing link reset on a Downstream Port or a
+ * Root Port with no aer driver.
+ */
+static pci_ers_result_t default_reset_link(struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+	pci_reset_bridge_secondary_bus(dev);
+	pci_printk(KERN_DEBUG, dev, "downstream link has been reset\n");
+	return PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED;
+}
+
+static pci_ers_result_t reset_link(struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+	struct pci_dev *udev;
+	pci_ers_result_t status;
+	struct pcie_port_service_driver *driver = NULL;
+
+	if (dev->hdr_type == PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE) {
+		/* Reset this port for all subordinates */
+		udev = dev;
+	} else {
+		/* Reset the upstream component (likely downstream port) */
+		udev = dev->bus->self;
+	}
+
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PCIEAER)
+	/* Use the aer driver of the component firstly */
+	driver = find_aer_service(udev);
+#endif
+
+	if (driver && driver->reset_link) {
+		status = driver->reset_link(udev);
+	} else if (udev->has_secondary_link) {
+		status = default_reset_link(udev);
+	} else {
+		pci_printk(KERN_DEBUG, dev, "no link-reset support at upstream device %s\n",
+			pci_name(udev));
+		return PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT;
+	}
+
+	if (status != PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED) {
+		pci_printk(KERN_DEBUG, dev, "link reset at upstream device %s failed\n",
+			pci_name(udev));
+		return PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT;
+	}
+
+	return status;
+}
+
+/**
+ * broadcast_error_message - handle message broadcast to downstream drivers
+ * @dev: pointer to from where in a hierarchy message is broadcasted down
+ * @state: error state
+ * @error_mesg: message to print
+ * @cb: callback to be broadcasted
+ *
+ * Invoked during error recovery process. Once being invoked, the content
+ * of error severity will be broadcasted to all downstream drivers in a
+ * hierarchy in question.
+ */
+static pci_ers_result_t broadcast_error_message(struct pci_dev *dev,
+	enum pci_channel_state state,
+	char *error_mesg,
+	int (*cb)(struct pci_dev *, void *))
+{
+	struct aer_broadcast_data result_data;
+
+	pci_printk(KERN_DEBUG, dev, "broadcast %s message\n", error_mesg);
+	result_data.state = state;
+	if (cb == report_error_detected)
+		result_data.result = PCI_ERS_RESULT_CAN_RECOVER;
+	else
+		result_data.result = PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED;
+
+	if (dev->hdr_type == PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE) {
+		/*
+		 * If the error is reported by a bridge, we think this error
+		 * is related to the downstream link of the bridge, so we
+		 * do error recovery on all subordinates of the bridge instead
+		 * of the bridge and clear the error status of the bridge.
+		 */
+		if (cb == report_error_detected)
+			dev->error_state = state;
+		pci_walk_bus(dev->subordinate, cb, &result_data);
+		if (cb == report_resume) {
+			pci_cleanup_aer_uncorrect_error_status(dev);
+			dev->error_state = pci_channel_io_normal;
+		}
+	} else {
+		/*
+		 * If the error is reported by an end point, we think this
+		 * error is related to the upstream link of the end point.
+		 */
+		if (state == pci_channel_io_normal)
+			/*
+			 * the error is non fatal so the bus is ok, just invoke
+			 * the callback for the function that logged the error.
+			 */
+			cb(dev, &result_data);
+		else
+			pci_walk_bus(dev->bus, cb, &result_data);
+	}
+
+	return result_data.result;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pcie_do_fatal_recovery - handle fatal error recovery process
+ * @dev: pointer to a pci_dev data structure of agent detecting an error
+ *
+ * Invoked when an error is fatal. Once being invoked, removes the devices
+ * beneath this AER agent, followed by reset link e.g. secondary bus reset
+ * followed by re-enumeration of devices.
+ */
+void pcie_do_fatal_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+	struct pci_dev *udev;
+	struct pci_bus *parent;
+	struct pci_dev *pdev, *temp;
+	pci_ers_result_t result;
+	struct aer_broadcast_data result_data;
+
+	if (dev->hdr_type == PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE)
+		udev = dev;
+	else
+		udev = dev->bus->self;
+
+	parent = udev->subordinate;
+	pci_lock_rescan_remove();
+	list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse(pdev, temp, &parent->devices,
+					 bus_list) {
+		pci_dev_get(pdev);
+		pci_dev_set_disconnected(pdev, NULL);
+		if (pci_has_subordinate(pdev))
+			pci_walk_bus(pdev->subordinate,
+				     pci_dev_set_disconnected, NULL);
+		pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device(pdev);
+		pci_dev_put(pdev);
+	}
+
+	result = reset_link(udev);
+
+	if (dev->hdr_type == PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE) {
+		/*
+		 * If the error is reported by a bridge, we think this error
+		 * is related to the downstream link of the bridge, so we
+		 * do error recovery on all subordinates of the bridge instead
+		 * of the bridge and clear the error status of the bridge.
+		 */
+		pci_cleanup_aer_uncorrect_error_status(dev);
+	}
+
+	if (result == PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED) {
+		if (pcie_wait_for_link(udev, true))
+			pci_rescan_bus(udev->bus);
+		pci_info(dev, "Device recovery from fatal error successful\n");
+	} else {
+		pci_uevent_ers(dev, PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT);
+		pci_info(dev, "Device recovery from fatal error failed\n");
+	}
+
+	pci_unlock_rescan_remove();
+}
+
+/**
+ * pcie_do_nonfatal_recovery - handle nonfatal error recovery process
+ * @dev: pointer to a pci_dev data structure of agent detecting an error
+ *
+ * Invoked when an error is nonfatal/fatal. Once being invoked, broadcast
+ * error detected message to all downstream drivers within a hierarchy in
+ * question and return the returned code.
+ */
+void pcie_do_nonfatal_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+	pci_ers_result_t status;
+	enum pci_channel_state state;
+
+	state = pci_channel_io_normal;
+
+	status = broadcast_error_message(dev,
+			state,
+			"error_detected",
+			report_error_detected);
+
+	if (status == PCI_ERS_RESULT_CAN_RECOVER)
+		status = broadcast_error_message(dev,
+				state,
+				"mmio_enabled",
+				report_mmio_enabled);
+
+	if (status == PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET) {
+		/*
+		 * TODO: Should call platform-specific
+		 * functions to reset slot before calling
+		 * drivers' slot_reset callbacks?
+		 */
+		status = broadcast_error_message(dev,
+				state,
+				"slot_reset",
+				report_slot_reset);
+	}
+
+	if (status != PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED)
+		goto failed;
+
+	broadcast_error_message(dev,
+				state,
+				"resume",
+				report_resume);
+
+	pci_info(dev, "AER: Device recovery successful\n");
+	return;
+
+failed:
+	pci_uevent_ers(dev, PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT);
+
+	/* TODO: Should kernel panic here? */
+	pci_info(dev, "AER: Device recovery failed\n");
+}
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv.h b/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv.h
index d0c6783..47c9824 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv.h
+++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv.h
@@ -112,4 +112,5 @@  static inline bool pcie_pme_no_msi(void) { return false; }
 static inline void pcie_pme_interrupt_enable(struct pci_dev *dev, bool en) {}
 #endif /* !CONFIG_PCIE_PME */
 
+struct pcie_port_service_driver *find_aer_service(struct pci_dev *dev);
 #endif /* _PORTDRV_H_ */
diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
index 73178a2..4f721f7 100644
--- a/include/linux/pci.h
+++ b/include/linux/pci.h
@@ -2284,7 +2284,7 @@  static inline bool pci_is_thunderbolt_attached(struct pci_dev *pdev)
 	return false;
 }
 
-#if defined(CONFIG_PCIEAER) || defined(CONFIG_EEH)
+#if defined(CONFIG_PCIEPORTBUS) || defined(CONFIG_EEH)
 void pci_uevent_ers(struct pci_dev *pdev, enum  pci_ers_result err_type);
 #endif