[v4] Documentation: i40e: Update kernel documentation

Message ID 20180514160932.26373-1-jeffrey.t.kirsher@intel.com
State Changes Requested
Delegated to: Jeff Kirsher
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  • [v4] Documentation: i40e: Update kernel documentation
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Commit Message

Jeff Kirsher May 14, 2018, 4:09 p.m.
Updated the i40e.txt kernel documentation with the latest information.

Looking to convert this kernel documentation to *.rst format in a
follow-on patch.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Kirsher <jeffrey.t.kirsher@intel.com>
---
v2: fixed up documentation based on community feedback and internal
    review
v3: found and fixed additional typos, acronyms not capitalized
v4: clean up out-of-tree driver reference, which does not belong to the
    kernel driver documentation.  Also cleaned up incorrect use of 's, as
    well as make command line examples consistent

 Documentation/networking/i40e.txt | 876 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 746 insertions(+), 130 deletions(-)

Comments

Shannon Nelson May 23, 2018, 9:13 p.m. | #1
On 5/14/2018 9:09 AM, Jeff Kirsher wrote:
> Updated the i40e.txt kernel documentation with the latest information.
> 
> Looking to convert this kernel documentation to *.rst format in a
> follow-on patch.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jeff Kirsher <jeffrey.t.kirsher@intel.com>
> ---
> v2: fixed up documentation based on community feedback and internal
>      review
> v3: found and fixed additional typos, acronyms not capitalized
> v4: clean up out-of-tree driver reference, which does not belong to the
>      kernel driver documentation.  Also cleaned up incorrect use of 's, as
>      well as make command line examples consistent

I'm repeating comments below that I made on the v2, but haven't been 
addressed.  --sln

> 
>   Documentation/networking/i40e.txt | 876 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>   1 file changed, 746 insertions(+), 130 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/networking/i40e.txt b/Documentation/networking/i40e.txt
> index c2d6e1824b29..2f30984aed48 100644
> --- a/Documentation/networking/i40e.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/networking/i40e.txt
> @@ -1,190 +1,806 @@
> -Linux Base Driver for the Intel(R) Ethernet Controller XL710 Family
> -===================================================================
>   
> -Intel i40e Linux driver.
> -Copyright(c) 2013 Intel Corporation.
> +i40e Linux* Base Driver for the Intel(R) Ethernet Controller 700 Series
> +===============================================================================
> +
> +February 26, 2018
> +Copyright(c) 1999-2018 Intel Corporation.

1999 seems a bit of a stretch for a gizmo that didn't come out until 2013.

>   
>   Contents
>   ========
>   
> +- Overview
>   - Identifying Your Adapter
> -- Additional Configurations
> -- Performance Tuning
> -- Known Issues
> -- Support
> +- Intel(R) Ethernet Flow Director
> +- Additional Features & Configurations
>   
>   
>   Identifying Your Adapter
> -========================
> +------------------------
> +The driver in this kernel is compatible with devices based on the following:
> +  * Intel(R) Ethernet Controller X710
> +  * Intel(R) Ethernet Controller XL710
> +  * Intel(R) Ethernet Network Connection X722
> +  * Intel(R) Ethernet Controller XXV710
> +
> +For the best performance, make sure the latest NVM/FW is installed on your
> +device.
> +
> +For information on how to identify your adapter, and for the latest NVM/FW
> +images and Intel network drivers, refer to the Intel Support website:
> +http://www.intel.com/support
> +
> +Driver information can be obtained using ethtool, lspci, and ifconfig.
> +Instructions on updating ethtool can be found in the section Additional
> +Configurations later in this document.
> +
> +For questions related to hardware requirements, refer to the documentation
> +supplied with your Intel adapter. All hardware requirements listed apply to use
> +with Linux.
> +
> +NOTE: 1 Gb devices based on the Intel(R) Ethernet Network Connection X722 do
> +not support the following features:
> +  * Data Center Bridging (DCB)
> +  * QOS
> +  * VMQ
> +  * SR-IOV
> +  * Task Encapsulation offload (VXLAN, NVGRE)
> +  * Energy Efficient Ethernet (EEE)
> +  * Auto-media detect
> +
> +
> +SFP+ and QSFP+ Devices:
> +-----------------------
> +For information about supported media, refer to this document:
> +http://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/documents/release-notes/xl710-
> +ethernet-controller-feature-matrix.pdf
> +NOTE: Some adapters based on the Intel(R) Ethernet Controller 700 Series only
> +support Intel Ethernet Optics modules. On these adapters, other modules are not
> +supported and will not function.
> +
> +NOTE: For connections based on Intel(R) Ethernet Controller 700 Series, support
> +is dependent on your system board. Please see your vendor for details.
> +
> +NOTE:In all cases Intel recommends using Intel Ethernet Optics; other modules
> +may function but are not validated by Intel. Contact Intel for supported media
> +types.
> +
> +NOTE: In systems that do not have adequate airflow to cool the adapter and
> +optical modules, you must use high temperature optical modules.
> +
> +
> +TC0 must be enabled when setting up DCB on a switch
> +---------------------------------------------------
> +The kernel assumes that TC0 is available, and will disable Priority Flow
> +Control (PFC) on the device if TC0 is not available. To fix this, ensure TC0 is
> +enabled when setting up DCB on your switch.
> +
> +
> +Virtual Functions (VFs)
> +-----------------------
> +Use sysfs to enable VFs. For example:
> +#echo $num_vf_enabled > /sys/class/net/$dev/device/sriov_numvfs	#enable
> +VFs
> +#echo 0 > /sys/class/net/$dev/device/sriov_numvfs	#disable VFs
> +
> +NOTE: Neither the device nor the driver control how VFs are mapped into config
> +space. Bus layout will vary by operating system. On operating systems that
> +support it, you can check sysfs to find the mapping. Some hardware
> +configurations support fewer SR-IOV instances, as the whole XL710 controller
> +(all functions) is limited to 128 SR-IOV interfaces in total.
> +NOTE: When SR-IOV mode is enabled, hardware VLAN filtering and VLAN tag
> +stripping/insertion will remain enabled. Please remove the old VLAN filter
> +before the new VLAN filter is added. For example,
> +ip link set eth0 vf 0 vlan 100	#set vlan 100 for VF 0
> +ip link set eth0 vf 0 vlan 0	#Delete vlan 100
> +ip link set eth0 vf 0 vlan 200	#set a new vlan 200 for VF 0
> +
> +
> +Configuring SR-IOV for improved network security
> +------------------------------------------------
> +In a virtualized environment, on Intel(R) Ethernet Server Adapters that support
> +SR-IOV, the virtual function (VF) may be subject to malicious behavior.
> +Software-generated layer two frames, like IEEE 802.3x (link flow control), IEEE
> +802.1Qbb (priority based flow-control), and others of this type, are not
> +expected and can throttle traffic between the host and the virtual switch,
> +reducing performance. To resolve this issue, configure all SR-IOV enabled ports
> +for VLAN tagging. This configuration allows unexpected, and potentially
> +malicious, frames to be dropped.
> +
> +
> +Configuring VLAN tagging on SR-IOV enabled adapter ports
> +--------------------------------------------------------
> +To configure VLAN tagging for the ports on an SR-IOV enabled adapter, use the
> +following command. The VLAN configuration should be done before the VF driver
> +is loaded or the VM is booted.
> +
> +$ ip link set dev <PF netdev id> vf <id> vlan <vlan id>
> +
> +For example, the following instructions will configure PF eth0 and the first VF
> +on VLAN 10.
> +$ ip link set dev eth0 vf 0 vlan 10
> +
> +
> +VLAN Tag Packet Steering
> +------------------------
> +Allows you to send all packets with a specific VLAN tag to a particular SR-IOV
> +virtual function (VF). Further, this feature allows you to designate a
> +particular VF as trusted, and allows that trusted VF to request selective
> +promiscuous mode on the Physical Function (PF).
> +
> +To set a VF as trusted or untrusted, enter the following command in the
> +Hypervisor:
> +  # ip link set dev eth0 vf 1 trust [on|off]
> +
> +Once the VF is designated as trusted, use the following commands in the VM to
> +set the VF to promiscuous mode.
> +  For promiscuous all:
> +  # ip link set eth2 promisc on
> +    Where eth2 is a VF interface in the VM
> +  For promiscuous Multicast:
> +  # ip link set eth2 allmulticast on
> +    Where eth2 is a VF interface in the VM
> +
> +NOTE: By default, the ethtool priv-flag vf-true-promisc-support is set to
> +"off",meaning that promiscuous mode for the VF will be limited. To set the
> +promiscuous mode for the VF to true promiscuous and allow the VF to see all
> +ingress traffic, use the following command.
> +  # ethtool -set-priv-flags p261p1 vf-true-promisc-support on
> +The vf-true-promisc-support priv-flag does not enable promiscuous mode; rather,
> +it designates which type of promiscuous mode (limited or true) you will get
> +when you enable promiscuous mode using the ip link commands above. Note that
> +this is a global setting that affects the entire device. However,the
> +vf-true-promisc-support priv-flag is only exposed to the first PF of the
> +device. The PF remains in limited promiscuous mode (unless it is in MFP mode)
> +regardless of the vf-true-promisc-support setting.
> +
> +Now add a VLAN interface on the VF interface.
> +  # ip link add link eth2 name eth2.100 type vlan id 100
> +
> +Note that the order in which you set the VF to promiscuous mode and add the
> +VLAN interface does not matter (you can do either first). The end result in
> +this example is that the VF will get all traffic that is tagged with VLAN 100.
> +
> +
> +Enabling a VF link if the port is disconnected
> +----------------------------------------------
> +If the physical function (PF) link is down, you can force link up (from the
> +host PF) on any virtual functions (VF) bound to the PF. Note that this requires
> +kernel support (Redhat kernel 3.10.0-327 or newer, upstream kernel 3.11.0 or
> +newer, and associated iproute2 user space support). If the following command
> +does not work, it may not be supported by your system. The following command
> +forces link up on VF 0 bound to PF eth0:
> +  ip link set eth0 vf 0 state enable
> +
> +
> +Do not unload port driver if VF with active VM is bound to it
> +-------------------------------------------------------------
> +Do not unload a port's driver if a Virtual Function (VF) with an active Virtual
> +Machine (VM) is bound to it. Doing so will cause the port to appear to hang.
> +Once the VM shuts down, or otherwise releases the VF, the command will complete.
> +
> +
> +Intel(R) Ethernet Flow Director
> +-------------------------------
> +The Intel Ethernet Flow Director performs the following tasks:
> +
> +- Directs receive packets according to their flows to different queues.
> +- Enables tight control on routing a flow in the platform.
> +- Matches flows and CPU cores for flow affinity.
> +- Supports multiple parameters for flexible flow classification and load
> +  balancing (in SFP mode only).
> +
> +NOTE: An included script (set_irq_affinity) automates setting the IRQ to CPU
> +affinity.
> +
> +NOTE: The Linux i40e driver supports the following flow types: IPv4, TCPv4, and
> +UDPv4. For a given flow type, it supports valid combinations of IP addresses
> +(source or destination) and UDP/TCP ports (source and destination). For
> +example, you can supply only a source IP address, a source IP address and a
> +destination port, or any combination of one or more of these four parameters.
> +
> +NOTE: The Linux i40e driver allows you to filter traffic based on a
> +user-defined flexible two-byte pattern and offset by using the ethtool user-def
> +and mask fields. Only L3 and L4 flow types are supported for user-defined
> +flexible filters. For a given flow type, you must clear all Intel Ethernet Flow
> +Director filters before changing the input set (for that flow type).
> +
> +ethtool commands:
> +
> +To enable or disable the Intel Ethernet Flow Director:
> +
> +  # ethtool -K ethX ntuple <on|off>
> +
> +When disabling ntuple filters, all the user programmed filters are flushed from
> +the driver cache and hardware. All needed filters must be re-added when ntuple
> +is re-enabled.
> +
> +To add a filter that directs packet to queue 2, use -U or -N switch:
> +
> +  # ethtool -N ethX flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.10.1 dst-ip \
> +  192.168.10.2 src-port 2000 dst-port 2001 action 2 [loc 1]
> +
> +To set a filter using only the source and destination IP address:
> +
> +  # ethtool -N ethX flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.10.1 dst-ip \
> +  192.168.10.2 action 2 [loc 1]
> +
> +To set a filter based on a user defined pattern and offset:
> +
> +  # ethtool -N ethX flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.10.1 dst-ip \
> +  192.168.10.2 user-def 0xffffffff00000001 m 0x40 action 2 [loc 1]
> +
> +  where the value of the user-def field (0xffffffff00000001) is the
> +  pattern and m 0x40 is the offset.

0xffffffff00000001 is certainly not a two-byte pattern.  Can you explain 
this a little better?  Is 0x0001 the two-byte pattern being set up here 
with all the 0xffffffff0000 being scaffolding?

Also, has anyone tested this lately?  I haven't, but I'm not so sure 
this is what the code in i40e_parse_rx_flow_user_data() is doing.

Actually, the detail below in the Sideband section that talks about "... 
user-def 0x4FFFF ..." looks much more correct, so why is this ethtool 
stuff here?


> +
> +Note that in this case the mask (m 0x40) parameter is used with the user-def
> +field, whereas for cloud filter support the mask parameter is not used.
> +
> +To see the list of filters currently present:
> +  # ethtool <-u|-n> ethX
> +
> +
> +Application Targeted Routing (ATR) Perfect Filters
> +--------------------------------------------------
> +ATR is enabled by default when the kernel is in multiple transmit queue mode.
> +An ATR Intel Ethernet Flow Director filter rule is added when a TCP-IP flow
> +starts and is deleted when the flow ends. When a TCP-IP Intel Ethernet Flow
> +Director rule is added from ethtool (Sideband filter), ATR is turned off by the
> +driver. To re-enable ATR, the sideband can be disabled with the ethtool -K
> +option. For example:
> +ethtool –K [adapter] ntuple [off|on]
> +
> +If sideband is re-enabled after ATR is re-enabled, ATR remains enabled until a
> +TCP-IP flow is added. When all TCP-IP sideband rules are deleted, ATR is
> +automatically re-enabled.
> +
> +Packets that match the ATR rules are counted in fdir_atr_match stats in
> +ethtool, which also can be used to verify whether ATR rules still exist.
> +
> +
> +Sideband Perfect Filters
> +------------------------

This section is much better than the ntuple section above, it is more 
detailed, and more correct.  Please don't add the


> +Sideband Perfect Filters are used to direct traffic that matches specified
> +characteristics. They are enabled through ethtool's ntuple interface. To add a
> +new filter use the following command:
> +  ethtool -U <device> flow-type <type> src-ip <ip> dst-ip <ip> src-port <port>
> +dst-port <port> action <queue>
> +Where:
> +  <device> - the ethernet device to program
> +  <type> - can be ip4, tcp4, udp4, or sctp4
> +  <ip> - the ip address to match on
> +  <port> - the port number to match on
> +  <queue> - the queue to direct traffic towards (-1 discards the matched
> +traffic)
> +Use the following command to display all of the active filters:
> +  ethtool -u <device>
> +Use the following command to delete a filter:
> +  ethtool -U <device> delete <N>
> +Where <N> is the filter id displayed when printing all the active filters, and
> +may also have been specified using "loc <N>" when adding the filter.
>   
> -The driver in this release is compatible with the Intel Ethernet
> -Controller XL710 Family.
> +The following example matches TCP traffic sent from 192.168.0.1, port 5300,
> +directed to 192.168.0.5, port 80, and sends it to queue 7:
> +  ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.0.1 dst-ip 192.168.0.5
> +  src-port 5300 dst-port 80 action 7
> +
> +For each flow-type, the programmed filters must all have the same matching
> +input set. For example, issuing the following two commands is acceptable:
> +  ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type ip4 src-ip 192.168.0.1 src-port 5300 action 7
> +  ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type ip4 src-ip 192.168.0.5 src-port 55 action 10
> +Issuing the next two commands, however, is not acceptable, since the first
> +specifies src-ip and the second specifies dst-ip:
> +  ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type ip4 src-ip 192.168.0.1 src-port 5300 action 7
> +  ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type ip4 dst-ip 192.168.0.5 src-port 55 action 10
> +The second command will fail with an error. You may program multiple filters
> +with the same fields, using different values, but, on one device, you may not
> +program two tcp4 filters with different matching fields.
> +
> +Matching on a sub-portion of a field is not supported by the i40e driver, thus
> +partial mask fields are not supported.
>   
> -For more information on how to identify your adapter, go to the Adapter &
> -Driver ID Guide at:
> +The driver also supports matching user-defined data within the packet payload.
> +This flexible data is specified using the "user-def" field of the ethtool
> +command in the following way:
> ++----------------------------+--------------------------+
> +| 31    28    24    20    16 | 15    12    8    4    0  |
> ++----------------------------+--------------------------+
> +| offset into packet payload | 2 bytes of flexible data |
> ++----------------------------+--------------------------+
> +
> +For example,
> +  ... user-def 0x4FFFF ...
> +
> +tells the filter to look 4 bytes into the payload and match that value against
> +0xFFFF. The offset is based on the beginning of the payload, and not the
> +beginning of the packet. Thus
> +
> +  flow-type tcp4 ... user-def 0x8BEAF ...
> +
> +would match TCP/IPv4 packets which have the value 0xBEAF 8 bytes into the
> +TCP/IPv4 payload.
> +
> +Note that ICMP headers are parsed as 4 bytes of header and 4 bytes of payload.
> +Thus to match the first byte of the payload, you must actually add 4 bytes to
> +the offset. Also note that IPv4 filters match both ICMP frames as well as raw
> +(unknown) IPv4 frames, where the payload will be the L3 payload of the IPv4
> +frame.
> +
> +The maximum offset is 64. The hardware will only read up to 64 bytes of data
> +from the payload. The offset must be even because the flexible data is 2 bytes
> +long and must be aligned to byte 0 of the packet payload.

Hmmm... does this actually mean the end of the pattern can't be beyond 
the 64 bytes?  If the user gives 64 as the offset, then the bytes 
searched for the pattern would be bytes 65 and 66.  Maybe the max offset 
should be 62?

> +
> +The user-defined flexible offset is also considered part of the input set and
> +cannot be programmed separately for multiple filters of the same type. However,
> +the flexible data is not part of the input set and multiple filters may use the
> +same offset but match against different data.
> +
> +To create filters that direct traffic to a specific Virtual Function, use the
> +"action" parameter. Specify the action as a 64 bit value, where the lower 32
> +bits represents the queue number, while the next 8 bits represent which VF.
> +Note that 0 is the PF, so the VF identifier is offset by 1. For example:
> +
> +  ... action 0x800000002 ...
> +
> +specifies to direct traffic to Virtual Function 7 (8 minus 1) into queue 2 of
> +that VF.
> +
> +Note that these filters will not break internal routing rules, and will not
> +route traffic that otherwise would not have been sent to the specified Virtual
> +Function.
> +
> +
> +Additional Features and Configurations
> +-------------------------------------------
> +
> +Setting the link-down-on-close Private Flag
> +-------------------------------------------
> +When the link-down-on-close private flag is set to "on", the port's link will
> +go down when the interface is brought down using the ifconfig ethX down command.
> +
> +Use ethtool to view and set link-down-on-close, as follows:
> +  ethtool --show-priv-flags ethX
> +  ethtool --set-priv-flags ethX link-down-on-close [on|off]
> +
> +
> +Viewing Link Messages
> +---------------------
> +Link messages will not be displayed to the console if the distribution is
> +restricting system messages. In order to see network driver link messages on
> +your console, set dmesg to eight by entering the following:
> +dmesg -n 8
> +
> +NOTE: This setting is not saved across reboots.
> +
> +
> +Jumbo Frames
> +------------
> +Jumbo Frames support is enabled by changing the Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU)
> +to a value larger than the default value of 1500.
> +
> +Use the ifconfig command to increase the MTU size. For example, enter the
> +following where <x> is the interface number:
> +
> +   ifconfig eth<x> mtu 9000 up
> +Alternatively, you can use the ip command as follows:
> +   ip link set mtu 9000 dev eth<x>
> +   ip link set up dev eth<x>
>   
> -    http://support.intel.com/support/network/sb/CS-012904.htm
> +This setting is not saved across reboots. The setting change can be made
> +permanent by adding 'MTU=9000' to the file:
> +/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth<x> for RHEL or to the file
> +/etc/sysconfig/network/<config_file> for SLES.
>   
> +NOTE: The maximum MTU setting for Jumbo Frames is 9702. This value coincides
> +with the maximum Jumbo Frames size of 9728 bytes.
>   
> -Enabling the driver
> -===================
> +NOTE: This driver will attempt to use multiple page sized buffers to receive
> +each jumbo packet. This should help to avoid buffer starvation issues when
> +allocating receive packets.
>   
> -The driver is enabled via the standard kernel configuration system,
> -using the make command:
>   
> -     make config/oldconfig/menuconfig/etc.
> +ethtool
> +-------
> +The driver utilizes the ethtool interface for driver configuration and
> +diagnostics, as well as displaying statistical information. The latest ethtool
> +version is required for this functionality. Download it at:
> +http://ftp.kernel.org/pub/software/network/ethtool/
>   
> -The driver is located in the menu structure at:
> +Supported ethtool Commands and Options for Filtering
> +----------------------------------------------------
> +-n --show-nfc
> +  Retrieves the receive network flow classification configurations.
>   
> -	-> Device Drivers
> -	  -> Network device support (NETDEVICES [=y])
> -	    -> Ethernet driver support
> -	      -> Intel devices
> -	        -> Intel(R) Ethernet Controller XL710 Family
> +rx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|esp4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|esp6|sctp6
> +  Retrieves the hash options for the specified network traffic type.
>   
> -Additional Configurations
> -=========================
> +-N --config-nfc
> +  Configures the receive network flow classification.
>   
> -  Generic Receive Offload (GRO)
> -  -----------------------------
> -  The driver supports the in-kernel software implementation of GRO.  GRO has
> -  shown that by coalescing Rx traffic into larger chunks of data, CPU
> -  utilization can be significantly reduced when under large Rx load.  GRO is
> -  an evolution of the previously-used LRO interface.  GRO is able to coalesce
> -  other protocols besides TCP.  It's also safe to use with configurations that
> -  are problematic for LRO, namely bridging and iSCSI.
> +rx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|esp4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|esp6|sctp6
> +m|v|t|s|d|f|n|r...
> +  Configures the hash options for the specified network traffic type.
>   
> -  Ethtool
> -  -------
> -  The driver utilizes the ethtool interface for driver configuration and
> -  diagnostics, as well as displaying statistical information. The latest
> -  ethtool version is required for this functionality.
> +  udp4 UDP over IPv4
> +  udp6 UDP over IPv6
>   
> -  The latest release of ethtool can be found from
> -  https://www.kernel.org/pub/software/network/ethtool
> +  f Hash on bytes 0 and 1 of the Layer 4 header of the Rx packet.
> +  n Hash on bytes 2 and 3 of the Layer 4 header of the Rx packet.
>   
>   
> -  Flow Director n-ntuple traffic filters (FDir)
> -  ---------------------------------------------
> -  The driver utilizes the ethtool interface for configuring ntuple filters,
> -  via "ethtool -N <device> <filter>".
> +Speed and Duplex Configuration
> +------------------------------
> +In addressing speed and duplex configuration issues, you need to distinguish
> +between copper-based adapters and fiber-based adapters.
>   
> -  The sctp4, ip4, udp4, and tcp4 flow types are supported with the standard
> -  fields including src-ip, dst-ip, src-port and dst-port. The driver only
> -  supports fully enabling or fully masking the fields, so use of the mask
> -  fields for partial matches is not supported.
> +In the default mode, an Intel(R) Ethernet Network Adapter using copper
> +connections will attempt to auto-negotiate with its link partner to determine
> +the best setting. If the adapter cannot establish link with the link partner
> +using auto-negotiation, you may need to manually configure the adapter and link
> +partner to identical settings to establish link and pass packets. This should
> +only be needed when attempting to link with an older switch that does not
> +support auto-negotiation or one that has been forced to a specific speed or
> +duplex mode. Your link partner must match the setting you choose. 1 Gbps speeds
> +and higher cannot be forced. Use the autonegotiation advertising setting to
> +manually set devices for 1 Gbps and higher.
>   
> -  Additionally, the driver supports using the action to specify filters for a
> -  Virtual Function. You can specify the action as a 64bit value, where the
> -  lower 32 bits represents the queue number, while the next 8 bits represent
> -  which VF. Note that 0 is the PF, so the VF identifier is offset by 1. For
> -  example:
> +NOTE: You cannot set the speed for devices based on the Intel(R) Ethernet
> +Network Adapter XXV710 based devices.
>   
> -    ... action 0x800000002 ...
> +Speed, duplex, and autonegotiation advertising are configured through the
> +ethtool* utility. ethtool is included with all versions of Red Hat after Red
> +Hat 7.2. For the latest version, download and install ethtool from the
> +following website:
>   
> -  Would indicate to direct traffic for Virtual Function 7 (8 minus 1) on queue
> -  2 of that VF.
> +   http://ftp.kernel.org/pub/software/network/ethtool/
>   
> -  The driver also supports using the user-defined field to specify 2 bytes of
> -  arbitrary data to match within the packet payload in addition to the regular
> -  fields. The data is specified in the lower 32bits of the user-def field in
> -  the following way:
> +Caution: Only experienced network administrators should force speed and duplex
> +or change autonegotiation advertising manually. The settings at the switch must
> +always match the adapter settings. Adapter performance may suffer or your
> +adapter may not operate if you configure the adapter differently from your
> +switch.
>   
> -  +----------------------------+---------------------------+
> -  | 31    28    24    20    16 | 15    12     8     4     0|
> -  +----------------------------+---------------------------+
> -  | offset into packet payload |  2 bytes of flexible data |
> -  +----------------------------+---------------------------+
> +An Intel(R) Ethernet Network Adapter using fiber-based connections, however,
> +will not attempt to auto-negotiate with its link partner since those adapters
> +operate only in full duplex and only at their native speed.
>   
> -  As an example,
>   
> -    ... user-def 0x4FFFF ....
> +NAPI
> +----
> +NAPI (Rx polling mode) is supported in the i40e driver.
> +For more information on NAPI, see
> +https://www.linuxfoundation.org/collaborate/workgroups/networking/napi
>   
> -  means to match the value 0xFFFF 4 bytes into the packet payload. Note that
> -  the offset is based on the beginning of the payload, and not the beginning
> -  of the packet. Thus
>   
> -    flow-type tcp4 ... user-def 0x8BEAF ....
> +Flow Control
> +------------
> +Ethernet Flow Control (IEEE 802.3x) can be configured with ethtool to enable
> +receiving and transmitting pause frames for i40e. When transmit is enabled,
> +pause frames are generated when the receive packet buffer crosses a predefined
> +threshold. When receive is enabled, the transmit unit will halt for the time
> +delay specified when a pause frame is received.
>   
> -  would match TCP/IPv4 packets which have the value 0xBEAF 8bytes into the
> -  TCP/IPv4 payload.
> +NOTE: You must have a flow control capable link partner.
>   
> -  For ICMP, the hardware parses the ICMP header as 4 bytes of header and 4
> -  bytes of payload, so if you want to match an ICMP frames payload you may need
> -  to add 4 to the offset in order to match the data.
> +Flow Control is  by default.
>   
> -  Furthermore, the offset can only be up to a value of 64, as the hardware
> -  will only read up to 64 bytes of data from the payload. It must also be even
> -  as the flexible data is 2 bytes long and must be aligned to byte 0 of the
> -  packet payload.
> +Use ethtool to change the flow control settings.
>   
> -  When programming filters, the hardware is limited to using a single input
> -  set for each flow type. This means that it is an error to program two
> -  different filters with the same type that don't match on the same fields.
> -  Thus the second of the following two commands will fail:
> +To enable or disable Rx or Tx Flow Control:
> +ethtool -A eth? rx <on|off> tx <on|off>
> +Note: This command only enables or disables Flow Control if auto-negotiation is
> +disabled. If auto-negotiation is enabled, this command changes the parameters
> +used for auto-negotiation with the link partner.
>   
> -    ethtool -N <device> flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.0.7 action 5
> -    ethtool -N <device> flow-type tcp4 dst-ip 192.168.15.18 action 1
> +To enable or disable auto-negotiation:
> +ethtool -s eth? autoneg <on|off>
> +Note: Flow Control auto-negotiation is part of link auto-negotiation. Depending
> +on your device, you may not be able to change the auto-negotiation setting.
>   
> -  This is because the first filter will be accepted and reprogram the input
> -  set for TCPv4 filters, but the second filter will be unable to reprogram the
> -  input set until all the conflicting TCPv4 filters are first removed.
>   
> -  Note that the user-defined flexible offset is also considered part of the
> -  input set and cannot be programmed separately for multiple filters of the
> -  same type. However, the flexible data is not part of the input set and
> -  multiple filters may use the same offset but match against different data.
> +RSS Hash Flow
> +-------------
>   
> -  Data Center Bridging (DCB)
> -  --------------------------
> -  DCB configuration is not currently supported.
> +Allows you to set the hash bytes per flow type and any combination of one or
> +more options for Receive Side Scaling (RSS) hash byte configuration.
>   
> -  FCoE
> -  ----
> -  The driver supports Fiber Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) and Data Center
> -  Bridging (DCB) functionality. Configuring DCB and FCoE is outside the scope
> -  of this driver doc. Refer to http://www.open-fcoe.org/ for FCoE project
> -  information and http://www.open-lldp.org/ or email list
> -  e1000-eedc@lists.sourceforge.net for DCB information.
> +#ethtool -N <dev> rx-flow-hash <type> <option>
>   
> -  MAC and VLAN anti-spoofing feature
> -  ----------------------------------
> -  When a malicious driver attempts to send a spoofed packet, it is dropped by
> -  the hardware and not transmitted.  An interrupt is sent to the PF driver
> -  notifying it of the spoof attempt.
> +Where <type> is:
> +  tcp4	signifying TCP over IPv4
> +  udp4	signifying UDP over IPv4
> +  tcp6	signifying TCP over IPv6
> +  udp6	signifying UDP over IPv6
> +And <option> is one or more of:
> +  s	Hash on the IP source address of the Rx packet.
> +  d	Hash on the IP destination address of the Rx packet.
> +  f	Hash on bytes 0 and 1 of the Layer 4 header of the Rx packet.
> +  n	Hash on bytes 2 and 3 of the Layer 4 header of the Rx packet.
>   
> -  When a spoofed packet is detected the PF driver will send the following
> -  message to the system log (displayed by  the "dmesg" command):
>   
> -  Spoof event(s) detected on VF (n)
> +MAC and VLAN anti-spoofing feature
> +----------------------------------
> +When a malicious driver attempts to send a spoofed packet, it is dropped by the
> +hardware and not transmitted.
> +NOTE: This feature can be disabled for a specific Virtual Function (VF):
> +ip link set <pf dev> vf <vf id> spoofchk {off|on}
>   
> -  Where n=the VF that attempted to do the spoofing.
>   
> +IEEE 1588 Precision Time Protocol (PTP) Hardware Clock (PHC)
> +------------------------------------------------------------
> +Precision Time Protocol (PTP) is used to synchronize clocks in a computer
> +network. PTP support varies among Intel devices that support this driver. Use
> +"ethtool -T <netdev name>" to get a definitive list of PTP capabilities
> +supported by the device.
>   
> -Performance Tuning
> -==================
>   
> -An excellent article on performance tuning can be found at:
> +IEEE 802.1ad (QinQ) Support
> +---------------------------
>   
> -http://www.redhat.com/promo/summit/2008/downloads/pdf/Thursday/Mark_Wagner.pdf
> +The IEEE 802.1ad standard, informally known as QinQ, allows for multiple VLAN
> +IDs within a single Ethernet frame. VLAN IDs are sometimes referred to as
> +"tags," and multiple VLAN IDs are thus referred to as a "tag stack." Tag stacks
> +allow L2 tunneling and the ability to segregate traffic within a particular
> +VLAN ID, among other uses.
>   
> +The following are examples of how to configure 802.1ad (QinQ):
> +  ip link add link eth0 eth0.24 type vlan proto 802.1ad id 24
> +  ip link add link eth0.24 eth0.24.371 type vlan proto 802.1Q id 371
> +Where "24" and "371" are example VLAN IDs.
>   
> -Known Issues
> -============
> +NOTES:
> +- 802.1ad (QinQ)is supported in 3.19 and later kernels.
> +- Receive checksum offloads, cloud filters, and VLAN acceleration are not
> +supported for 802.1ad (QinQ) packets.
>   
>   
> -Support
> -=======
> +VXLAN and GENEVE Overlay HW Offloading
> +--------------------------------------
>   
> -For general information, go to the Intel support website at:
> +Virtual Extensible LAN (VXLAN) allows you to extend an L2 network over an L3
> +network, which may be useful in a virtualized or cloud environment. Some
> +Intel(R) Ethernet Network devices perform VXLAN processing, offloading it from
> +the operating system. This reduces CPU utilization.
>   
> -    http://support.intel.com
> +VXLAN offloading is controlled by the Tx and Rx checksum offload options
> +provided by ethtool. That is, if Tx checksum offload is enabled, and the
> +adapter has the capability, VXLAN offloading is also enabled.
>   
> -or the Intel Wired Networking project hosted by Sourceforge at:
> +Support for VXLAN and GENEVE HW offloading is dependent on kernel support of
> +the HW offloading features.
> +
> +
> +Multiple Functions per Port
> +---------------------------
> +
> +Some adapters based on the Intel Ethernet Controller X710/XL710 support
> +multiple functions on a single physical port. Configure these functions through
> +the System Setup/BIOS.
> +
> +Minimum TX Bandwidth is the guaranteed minimum data transmission bandwidth, as
> +a percentage of the full physical port link speed, that the partition will
> +receive. The bandwidth the partition is awarded will never fall below the level
> +you specify.
> +
> +The range for the minimum bandwidth values is:
> +1 to ((100 minus # of partitions on the physical port) plus 1)
> +For example, if a physical port has 4 partitions, the range would be:
> +1 to ((100 - 4) + 1 = 97)
> +
> +The Maximum Bandwidth percentage represents the maximum transmit bandwidth
> +allocated to the partition as a percentage of the full physical port link
> +speed. The accepted range of values is 1-100. The value is used as a limiter,
> +should you chose that any one particular function not be able to consume 100%
> +of a port's bandwidth (should it be available). The sum of all the values for
> +Maximum Bandwidth is not restricted, because no more than 100% of a port's
> +bandwidth can ever be used.
> +
> +NOTE: X710/XXV710 devices fail to enable Max VFs (64) when Multiple Functions
> +per Port (MFP) and SR-IOV are enabled. An error from i40e is logged that says
> +"add vsi failed for VF N, aq_err 16". To workaround the issue, enable less than
> +64 virtual functions (VFs).
> +
> +
> +Data Center Bridging (DCB)
> +--------------------------
> +NOTE:
> +The kernel assumes that TC0 is available, and will disable Priority Flow
> +Control (PFC) on the device if TC0 is not available. To fix this, ensure TC0 is
> +enabled when setting up DCB on your switch.
> +
> +
> +DCB is a configuration Quality of Service implementation in hardware. It uses
> +the VLAN priority tag (802.1p) to filter traffic. That means that there are 8
> +different priorities that traffic can be filtered into. It also enables
> +priority flow control (802.1Qbb) which can limit or eliminate the number of
> +dropped packets during network stress. Bandwidth can be allocated to each of
> +these priorities, which is enforced at the hardware level (802.1Qaz).
> +
> +Adapter firmware implements LLDP and DCBX protocol agents as per 802.1AB and
> +802.1Qaz respectively. The firmware based DCBX agent runs in willing mode only
> +and can accept settings from a DCBX capable peer. Software configuration of
> +DCBX parameters via dcbtool/lldptool are not supported.
> +
> +NOTE: Firmware LLDP can be disabled by setting the private flag disable-fw-lldp.
> +
> +The i40e driver implements the DCB netlink interface layer to allow user-space
> +to communicate with the driver and query DCB configuration for the port.
> +
> +
> +Interrupt Rate Limiting
> +-----------------------
> +
> +The Intel(R) Ethernet Controller XL710 family supports an interrupt rate
> +limiting mechanism. The user can control, via ethtool, the number of
> +microseconds between interrupts.
> +
> +Syntax:
> +# ethtool -C ethX rx-usecs-high N
> +
> +Valid Range: 0-235 (0=no limit)
> +
> +The range of 0-235 microseconds provides an effective range of 4,310 to 250,000
> +interrupts per second. The value of rx-usecs-high can be set independently of
> +rx-usecs and tx-usecs in the same ethtool command, and is also independent of
> +the adaptive interrupt moderation algorithm. The underlying hardware supports
> +granularity in 4-microsecond intervals, so adjacent values may result in the
> +same interrupt rate.
> +
> +One possible use case is the following:
> +# ethtool -C ethX adaptive-rx off adaptive-tx off rx-usecs-high 20 rx-usecs 5
> +tx-usecs 5
> +
> +The above command would disable adaptive interrupt moderation, and allow a
> +maximum of 5 microseconds before indicating a receive or transmit was complete.
> +However, instead of resulting in as many as 200,000 interrupts per second, it
> +limits total interrupts per second to 50,000 via the rx-usecs-high parameter.
> +
> +
> +Performance Optimization:
> +-------------------------
> +
> +Driver defaults are meant to fit a wide variety of workloads, but if further
> +optimization is required we recommend experimenting with the following settings.
> +
> +NOTE: For better performance when processing small (64B) frame sizes, try
> +enabling Hyper threading in the BIOS in order to increase the number of logical
> +cores in the system and subsequently increase the number of queues available to
> +the adapter.
> +
> +Virtualized Environments:
> +
> +1. Disable XPS on both ends by using the included virt_perf_default script
> +  or by running the following command as root:
> +  for file in `ls /sys/class/net/<ethX>/queues/tx-*/xps_cpus`;
> +  do echo 0 > $file; done
> +
> +2. Using the appropriate mechanism (vcpupin) in the VM, pin the CPUs to
> +  individual LCPUs, making sure to use a set of CPUs included in the
> +  device's local_cpulist: /sys/class/net/<ethX>/device/local_cpulist.
>   
> -    http://e1000.sourceforge.net
> +3. Configure as many Rx/Tx queues in the VM as available. Do not rely on
> +  the default setting of 1.
> +
> +
> +Non-virtualized Environments
> +
> +Pin the adapter's IRQs to specific cores by disabling the irqbalance service
> +and using the included set_irq_affinity script. Please see the script's help
> +text for further options.
> +
> +  - The following settings will distribute the IRQs across all the cores
> +    evenly:
> +
> +    # scripts/set_irq_affinity -x all <interface1> , [ <interface2>, ... ]
> +
> +  - The following settings will distribute the IRQs across all the cores that
> +    are local to the adapter (same NUMA node):
> +
> +    # scripts/set_irq_affinity -x local <interface1> ,[ <interface2>, ... ]
> +
> +For very CPU intensive workloads, we recommend pinning the IRQs to all cores.
> +
> +For IP Forwarding: Disable Adaptive ITR and lower Rx and Tx interrupts per
> +queue using ethtool.
> +
> +  - Setting rx-usecs and tx-usecs to 125 will limit interrupts to about 8000
> +    interrupts per second per queue.
> +
> +    # ethtool -C <interface> adaptive-rx off adaptive-tx off rx-usecs 125
> +    tx-usecs 125
> +
> +For lower CPU utilization: Disable Adaptive ITR and lower Rx and Tx interrupts
> +per queue using ethtool.
> +
> +  - Setting rx-usecs and tx-usecs to 250 will limit interrupts to about 4000
> +    interrupts per second per queue.
> +
> +    # ethtool -C <interface> adaptive-rx off adaptive-tx off rx-usecs 250
> +    tx-usecs 250
> +
> +For lower latency: Disable Adaptive ITR and ITR by setting Rx and Tx to 0 using
> +ethtool.
> +
> +    # ethtool -C <interface> adaptive-rx off adaptive-tx off rx-usecs 0
> +    tx-usecs 0
> +
> +
> +Application Device Queues (ADq)
> +-------------------------------
> +
> +Application Device Queues (ADq) allows you to dedicate one or more queues to a
> +specific application. This can reduce latency for the specified application,
> +and allow Tx traffic to be rate limited per application. Follow the steps below
> +to set ADq.
> +
> +NOTE: Run all tc commands from the iproute2 <pathtoiproute2>/tc/ directory.
> +  1. Create traffic classes (TCs). Maximum of 8 TCs can be created per
> +  interface. The shaper bw_rlimit parameter is optional.
> +  Example:
> +  Sets up two tcs, tc0 and tc1, with 16 queues each and max tx rate set
> +  to 1Gbit for tc0 and 3Gbit for tc1.
> +  # tc qdisc add dev <interface> root mqprio num_tc 2 map 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1
> +  queues 16@0 16@16 hw 1 mode channel shaper bw_rlimit min_rate 1Gbit 2Gbit
> +  max_rate 1Gbit 3Gbit
> +
> +  map: priority mapping for up to 16 priorities to tcs
> +  (e.g. map 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 sets priorities 0-3 to use tc0 and 4-7 to
> +  use tc1)
> +
> +  queues: for each tc, <num queues>@<offset> (e.g. queues 16@0 16@16 assigns
> +  16 queues to tc0 at offset 0 and 16 queues to tc1 at offset 16. Max total
> +  number of queues for all tcs is 64 or number of cores, whichever is
> +  lower.)
> +
> +  hw 1 mode channel: ‘channel’ with ‘hw’ set to 1 is a new new hardware
> +  offload mode in mqprio that makes full use of the mqprio options, the
> +  TCs, the queue configurations, and the QoS parameters.
> +
> +  shaper bw_rlimit: for each tc, sets minimum and maximum bandwidth rates.
> +  Totals must be equal or less than port speed.
> +  For example: min_rate 1Gbit 3Gbit:
> +  Verify bandwidth limit using network monitoring tools such as ifstat
> +  or sar –n DEV [interval] [number of samples]
> +
> +NOTE: Setting up channels via ethtool (ethtool -L) is not supported when the
> +TCs are configured using mqprio.
> +
> +  2. Enable HW TC offload on interface:
> +  # ethtool -K <interface> hw-tc-offload on
> +  3. Apply TCs to ingress (RX) flow of interface:
> +  # tc qdisc add dev <interface> ingress
> +NOTES:
> +- You must have kernel version 4.15 or later and the sch_mqprio, act_mirred
> +  and cls_flower modules loaded to set ADq
> +- You must have iproute2 latest version
> +- NVM version 6.01 or later is required.
> +- ADq cannot be enabled when any the following features are enabled: Data
> +  Center Bridging (DCB), Multiple Functions per Port (MFP), or Sideband
> +  Filters.
> +- If another driver (for example, DPDK) has set cloud filters, you cannot
> +  enable ADq.
> +- Tunnel filters are not supported in ADq. If encapsulated packets do
> +  arrive in non-tunnel mode, filtering will be done on the inner headers.
> +  For example, for VXLAN traffic in non-tunnel mode, PCTYPE is identified
> +  as a VXLAN encapsulated packet, outer headers are ignored. Therefore,
> +  inner headers are matched.
> +- If a TC filter on a PF matches traffic over a VF (on the PF), that
> +  traffic will be routed to the appropriate queue of the PF, and will
> +  not be passed on the VF. Such traffic will end up getting dropped higher
> +  up in the TCP/IP stack as it does not match PF address data.
> +- If traffic matches multiple TC filters that point to different TCs,
> +  that traffic will be duplicated and sent to all matching TC queues.
> +  The hardware switch mirrors the packet to a VSI list when multiple
> +  filters are matched.
> +
> +
> +Support
> +-------
> +For general information, go to the Intel support website at:
> +http://www.intel.com/support/
> +
> +or the Intel Wired Networking project hosted by Sourceforge at:
> +http://sourceforge.net/projects/e1000
>   
> -If an issue is identified with the released source code on the supported
> -kernel with a supported adapter, email the specific information related
> -to the issue to e1000-devel@lists.sourceforge.net and copy
> -netdev@vger.kernel.org.
> +If an issue is identified with the released source code on a supported kernel
> +with a supported adapter, email the specific information related to the issue
> +to e1000-devel@lists.sf.net.
>

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/networking/i40e.txt b/Documentation/networking/i40e.txt
index c2d6e1824b29..2f30984aed48 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/i40e.txt
+++ b/Documentation/networking/i40e.txt
@@ -1,190 +1,806 @@ 
-Linux Base Driver for the Intel(R) Ethernet Controller XL710 Family
-===================================================================
 
-Intel i40e Linux driver.
-Copyright(c) 2013 Intel Corporation.
+i40e Linux* Base Driver for the Intel(R) Ethernet Controller 700 Series
+===============================================================================
+
+February 26, 2018
+Copyright(c) 1999-2018 Intel Corporation.
 
 Contents
 ========
 
+- Overview
 - Identifying Your Adapter
-- Additional Configurations
-- Performance Tuning
-- Known Issues
-- Support
+- Intel(R) Ethernet Flow Director
+- Additional Features & Configurations
 
 
 Identifying Your Adapter
-========================
+------------------------
+The driver in this kernel is compatible with devices based on the following:
+  * Intel(R) Ethernet Controller X710
+  * Intel(R) Ethernet Controller XL710
+  * Intel(R) Ethernet Network Connection X722
+  * Intel(R) Ethernet Controller XXV710
+
+For the best performance, make sure the latest NVM/FW is installed on your
+device.
+
+For information on how to identify your adapter, and for the latest NVM/FW
+images and Intel network drivers, refer to the Intel Support website:
+http://www.intel.com/support
+
+Driver information can be obtained using ethtool, lspci, and ifconfig.
+Instructions on updating ethtool can be found in the section Additional
+Configurations later in this document.
+
+For questions related to hardware requirements, refer to the documentation
+supplied with your Intel adapter. All hardware requirements listed apply to use
+with Linux.
+
+NOTE: 1 Gb devices based on the Intel(R) Ethernet Network Connection X722 do
+not support the following features:
+  * Data Center Bridging (DCB)
+  * QOS
+  * VMQ
+  * SR-IOV
+  * Task Encapsulation offload (VXLAN, NVGRE)
+  * Energy Efficient Ethernet (EEE)
+  * Auto-media detect
+
+
+SFP+ and QSFP+ Devices:
+-----------------------
+For information about supported media, refer to this document:
+http://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/documents/release-notes/xl710-
+ethernet-controller-feature-matrix.pdf
+NOTE: Some adapters based on the Intel(R) Ethernet Controller 700 Series only
+support Intel Ethernet Optics modules. On these adapters, other modules are not
+supported and will not function.
+
+NOTE: For connections based on Intel(R) Ethernet Controller 700 Series, support
+is dependent on your system board. Please see your vendor for details.
+
+NOTE:In all cases Intel recommends using Intel Ethernet Optics; other modules
+may function but are not validated by Intel. Contact Intel for supported media
+types.
+
+NOTE: In systems that do not have adequate airflow to cool the adapter and
+optical modules, you must use high temperature optical modules.
+
+
+TC0 must be enabled when setting up DCB on a switch
+---------------------------------------------------
+The kernel assumes that TC0 is available, and will disable Priority Flow
+Control (PFC) on the device if TC0 is not available. To fix this, ensure TC0 is
+enabled when setting up DCB on your switch.
+
+
+Virtual Functions (VFs)
+-----------------------
+Use sysfs to enable VFs. For example:
+#echo $num_vf_enabled > /sys/class/net/$dev/device/sriov_numvfs	#enable
+VFs
+#echo 0 > /sys/class/net/$dev/device/sriov_numvfs	#disable VFs
+
+NOTE: Neither the device nor the driver control how VFs are mapped into config
+space. Bus layout will vary by operating system. On operating systems that
+support it, you can check sysfs to find the mapping. Some hardware
+configurations support fewer SR-IOV instances, as the whole XL710 controller
+(all functions) is limited to 128 SR-IOV interfaces in total.
+NOTE: When SR-IOV mode is enabled, hardware VLAN filtering and VLAN tag
+stripping/insertion will remain enabled. Please remove the old VLAN filter
+before the new VLAN filter is added. For example,
+ip link set eth0 vf 0 vlan 100	#set vlan 100 for VF 0
+ip link set eth0 vf 0 vlan 0	#Delete vlan 100
+ip link set eth0 vf 0 vlan 200	#set a new vlan 200 for VF 0
+
+
+Configuring SR-IOV for improved network security
+------------------------------------------------
+In a virtualized environment, on Intel(R) Ethernet Server Adapters that support
+SR-IOV, the virtual function (VF) may be subject to malicious behavior.
+Software-generated layer two frames, like IEEE 802.3x (link flow control), IEEE
+802.1Qbb (priority based flow-control), and others of this type, are not
+expected and can throttle traffic between the host and the virtual switch,
+reducing performance. To resolve this issue, configure all SR-IOV enabled ports
+for VLAN tagging. This configuration allows unexpected, and potentially
+malicious, frames to be dropped.
+
+
+Configuring VLAN tagging on SR-IOV enabled adapter ports
+--------------------------------------------------------
+To configure VLAN tagging for the ports on an SR-IOV enabled adapter, use the
+following command. The VLAN configuration should be done before the VF driver
+is loaded or the VM is booted.
+
+$ ip link set dev <PF netdev id> vf <id> vlan <vlan id>
+
+For example, the following instructions will configure PF eth0 and the first VF
+on VLAN 10.
+$ ip link set dev eth0 vf 0 vlan 10
+
+
+VLAN Tag Packet Steering
+------------------------
+Allows you to send all packets with a specific VLAN tag to a particular SR-IOV
+virtual function (VF). Further, this feature allows you to designate a
+particular VF as trusted, and allows that trusted VF to request selective
+promiscuous mode on the Physical Function (PF).
+
+To set a VF as trusted or untrusted, enter the following command in the
+Hypervisor:
+  # ip link set dev eth0 vf 1 trust [on|off]
+
+Once the VF is designated as trusted, use the following commands in the VM to
+set the VF to promiscuous mode.
+  For promiscuous all:
+  # ip link set eth2 promisc on
+    Where eth2 is a VF interface in the VM
+  For promiscuous Multicast:
+  # ip link set eth2 allmulticast on
+    Where eth2 is a VF interface in the VM
+
+NOTE: By default, the ethtool priv-flag vf-true-promisc-support is set to
+"off",meaning that promiscuous mode for the VF will be limited. To set the
+promiscuous mode for the VF to true promiscuous and allow the VF to see all
+ingress traffic, use the following command.
+  # ethtool -set-priv-flags p261p1 vf-true-promisc-support on
+The vf-true-promisc-support priv-flag does not enable promiscuous mode; rather,
+it designates which type of promiscuous mode (limited or true) you will get
+when you enable promiscuous mode using the ip link commands above. Note that
+this is a global setting that affects the entire device. However,the
+vf-true-promisc-support priv-flag is only exposed to the first PF of the
+device. The PF remains in limited promiscuous mode (unless it is in MFP mode)
+regardless of the vf-true-promisc-support setting.
+
+Now add a VLAN interface on the VF interface.
+  # ip link add link eth2 name eth2.100 type vlan id 100
+
+Note that the order in which you set the VF to promiscuous mode and add the
+VLAN interface does not matter (you can do either first). The end result in
+this example is that the VF will get all traffic that is tagged with VLAN 100.
+
+
+Enabling a VF link if the port is disconnected
+----------------------------------------------
+If the physical function (PF) link is down, you can force link up (from the
+host PF) on any virtual functions (VF) bound to the PF. Note that this requires
+kernel support (Redhat kernel 3.10.0-327 or newer, upstream kernel 3.11.0 or
+newer, and associated iproute2 user space support). If the following command
+does not work, it may not be supported by your system. The following command
+forces link up on VF 0 bound to PF eth0:
+  ip link set eth0 vf 0 state enable
+
+
+Do not unload port driver if VF with active VM is bound to it
+-------------------------------------------------------------
+Do not unload a port's driver if a Virtual Function (VF) with an active Virtual
+Machine (VM) is bound to it. Doing so will cause the port to appear to hang.
+Once the VM shuts down, or otherwise releases the VF, the command will complete.
+
+
+Intel(R) Ethernet Flow Director
+-------------------------------
+The Intel Ethernet Flow Director performs the following tasks:
+
+- Directs receive packets according to their flows to different queues.
+- Enables tight control on routing a flow in the platform.
+- Matches flows and CPU cores for flow affinity.
+- Supports multiple parameters for flexible flow classification and load
+  balancing (in SFP mode only).
+
+NOTE: An included script (set_irq_affinity) automates setting the IRQ to CPU
+affinity.
+
+NOTE: The Linux i40e driver supports the following flow types: IPv4, TCPv4, and
+UDPv4. For a given flow type, it supports valid combinations of IP addresses
+(source or destination) and UDP/TCP ports (source and destination). For
+example, you can supply only a source IP address, a source IP address and a
+destination port, or any combination of one or more of these four parameters.
+
+NOTE: The Linux i40e driver allows you to filter traffic based on a
+user-defined flexible two-byte pattern and offset by using the ethtool user-def
+and mask fields. Only L3 and L4 flow types are supported for user-defined
+flexible filters. For a given flow type, you must clear all Intel Ethernet Flow
+Director filters before changing the input set (for that flow type).
+
+ethtool commands:
+
+To enable or disable the Intel Ethernet Flow Director:
+
+  # ethtool -K ethX ntuple <on|off>
+
+When disabling ntuple filters, all the user programmed filters are flushed from
+the driver cache and hardware. All needed filters must be re-added when ntuple
+is re-enabled.
+
+To add a filter that directs packet to queue 2, use -U or -N switch:
+
+  # ethtool -N ethX flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.10.1 dst-ip \
+  192.168.10.2 src-port 2000 dst-port 2001 action 2 [loc 1]
+
+To set a filter using only the source and destination IP address:
+
+  # ethtool -N ethX flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.10.1 dst-ip \
+  192.168.10.2 action 2 [loc 1]
+
+To set a filter based on a user defined pattern and offset:
+
+  # ethtool -N ethX flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.10.1 dst-ip \
+  192.168.10.2 user-def 0xffffffff00000001 m 0x40 action 2 [loc 1]
+
+  where the value of the user-def field (0xffffffff00000001) is the
+  pattern and m 0x40 is the offset.
+
+Note that in this case the mask (m 0x40) parameter is used with the user-def
+field, whereas for cloud filter support the mask parameter is not used.
+
+To see the list of filters currently present:
+  # ethtool <-u|-n> ethX
+
+
+Application Targeted Routing (ATR) Perfect Filters
+--------------------------------------------------
+ATR is enabled by default when the kernel is in multiple transmit queue mode.
+An ATR Intel Ethernet Flow Director filter rule is added when a TCP-IP flow
+starts and is deleted when the flow ends. When a TCP-IP Intel Ethernet Flow
+Director rule is added from ethtool (Sideband filter), ATR is turned off by the
+driver. To re-enable ATR, the sideband can be disabled with the ethtool -K
+option. For example:
+ethtool –K [adapter] ntuple [off|on]
+
+If sideband is re-enabled after ATR is re-enabled, ATR remains enabled until a
+TCP-IP flow is added. When all TCP-IP sideband rules are deleted, ATR is
+automatically re-enabled.
+
+Packets that match the ATR rules are counted in fdir_atr_match stats in
+ethtool, which also can be used to verify whether ATR rules still exist.
+
+
+Sideband Perfect Filters
+------------------------
+Sideband Perfect Filters are used to direct traffic that matches specified
+characteristics. They are enabled through ethtool's ntuple interface. To add a
+new filter use the following command:
+  ethtool -U <device> flow-type <type> src-ip <ip> dst-ip <ip> src-port <port>
+dst-port <port> action <queue>
+Where:
+  <device> - the ethernet device to program
+  <type> - can be ip4, tcp4, udp4, or sctp4
+  <ip> - the ip address to match on
+  <port> - the port number to match on
+  <queue> - the queue to direct traffic towards (-1 discards the matched
+traffic)
+Use the following command to display all of the active filters:
+  ethtool -u <device>
+Use the following command to delete a filter:
+  ethtool -U <device> delete <N>
+Where <N> is the filter id displayed when printing all the active filters, and
+may also have been specified using "loc <N>" when adding the filter.
 
-The driver in this release is compatible with the Intel Ethernet
-Controller XL710 Family.
+The following example matches TCP traffic sent from 192.168.0.1, port 5300,
+directed to 192.168.0.5, port 80, and sends it to queue 7:
+  ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.0.1 dst-ip 192.168.0.5
+  src-port 5300 dst-port 80 action 7
+
+For each flow-type, the programmed filters must all have the same matching
+input set. For example, issuing the following two commands is acceptable:
+  ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type ip4 src-ip 192.168.0.1 src-port 5300 action 7
+  ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type ip4 src-ip 192.168.0.5 src-port 55 action 10
+Issuing the next two commands, however, is not acceptable, since the first
+specifies src-ip and the second specifies dst-ip:
+  ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type ip4 src-ip 192.168.0.1 src-port 5300 action 7
+  ethtool -U enp130s0 flow-type ip4 dst-ip 192.168.0.5 src-port 55 action 10
+The second command will fail with an error. You may program multiple filters
+with the same fields, using different values, but, on one device, you may not
+program two tcp4 filters with different matching fields.
+
+Matching on a sub-portion of a field is not supported by the i40e driver, thus
+partial mask fields are not supported.
 
-For more information on how to identify your adapter, go to the Adapter &
-Driver ID Guide at:
+The driver also supports matching user-defined data within the packet payload.
+This flexible data is specified using the "user-def" field of the ethtool
+command in the following way:
++----------------------------+--------------------------+
+| 31    28    24    20    16 | 15    12    8    4    0  |
++----------------------------+--------------------------+
+| offset into packet payload | 2 bytes of flexible data |
++----------------------------+--------------------------+
+
+For example,
+  ... user-def 0x4FFFF ...
+
+tells the filter to look 4 bytes into the payload and match that value against
+0xFFFF. The offset is based on the beginning of the payload, and not the
+beginning of the packet. Thus
+
+  flow-type tcp4 ... user-def 0x8BEAF ...
+
+would match TCP/IPv4 packets which have the value 0xBEAF 8 bytes into the
+TCP/IPv4 payload.
+
+Note that ICMP headers are parsed as 4 bytes of header and 4 bytes of payload.
+Thus to match the first byte of the payload, you must actually add 4 bytes to
+the offset. Also note that IPv4 filters match both ICMP frames as well as raw
+(unknown) IPv4 frames, where the payload will be the L3 payload of the IPv4
+frame.
+
+The maximum offset is 64. The hardware will only read up to 64 bytes of data
+from the payload. The offset must be even because the flexible data is 2 bytes
+long and must be aligned to byte 0 of the packet payload.
+
+The user-defined flexible offset is also considered part of the input set and
+cannot be programmed separately for multiple filters of the same type. However,
+the flexible data is not part of the input set and multiple filters may use the
+same offset but match against different data.
+
+To create filters that direct traffic to a specific Virtual Function, use the
+"action" parameter. Specify the action as a 64 bit value, where the lower 32
+bits represents the queue number, while the next 8 bits represent which VF.
+Note that 0 is the PF, so the VF identifier is offset by 1. For example:
+
+  ... action 0x800000002 ...
+
+specifies to direct traffic to Virtual Function 7 (8 minus 1) into queue 2 of
+that VF.
+
+Note that these filters will not break internal routing rules, and will not
+route traffic that otherwise would not have been sent to the specified Virtual
+Function.
+
+
+Additional Features and Configurations
+-------------------------------------------
+
+Setting the link-down-on-close Private Flag
+-------------------------------------------
+When the link-down-on-close private flag is set to "on", the port's link will
+go down when the interface is brought down using the ifconfig ethX down command.
+
+Use ethtool to view and set link-down-on-close, as follows:
+  ethtool --show-priv-flags ethX
+  ethtool --set-priv-flags ethX link-down-on-close [on|off]
+
+
+Viewing Link Messages
+---------------------
+Link messages will not be displayed to the console if the distribution is
+restricting system messages. In order to see network driver link messages on
+your console, set dmesg to eight by entering the following:
+dmesg -n 8
+
+NOTE: This setting is not saved across reboots.
+
+
+Jumbo Frames
+------------
+Jumbo Frames support is enabled by changing the Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU)
+to a value larger than the default value of 1500.
+
+Use the ifconfig command to increase the MTU size. For example, enter the
+following where <x> is the interface number:
+
+   ifconfig eth<x> mtu 9000 up
+Alternatively, you can use the ip command as follows:
+   ip link set mtu 9000 dev eth<x>
+   ip link set up dev eth<x>
 
-    http://support.intel.com/support/network/sb/CS-012904.htm
+This setting is not saved across reboots. The setting change can be made
+permanent by adding 'MTU=9000' to the file:
+/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth<x> for RHEL or to the file
+/etc/sysconfig/network/<config_file> for SLES.
 
+NOTE: The maximum MTU setting for Jumbo Frames is 9702. This value coincides
+with the maximum Jumbo Frames size of 9728 bytes.
 
-Enabling the driver
-===================
+NOTE: This driver will attempt to use multiple page sized buffers to receive
+each jumbo packet. This should help to avoid buffer starvation issues when
+allocating receive packets.
 
-The driver is enabled via the standard kernel configuration system,
-using the make command:
 
-     make config/oldconfig/menuconfig/etc.
+ethtool
+-------
+The driver utilizes the ethtool interface for driver configuration and
+diagnostics, as well as displaying statistical information. The latest ethtool
+version is required for this functionality. Download it at:
+http://ftp.kernel.org/pub/software/network/ethtool/
 
-The driver is located in the menu structure at:
+Supported ethtool Commands and Options for Filtering
+----------------------------------------------------
+-n --show-nfc
+  Retrieves the receive network flow classification configurations.
 
-	-> Device Drivers
-	  -> Network device support (NETDEVICES [=y])
-	    -> Ethernet driver support
-	      -> Intel devices
-	        -> Intel(R) Ethernet Controller XL710 Family
+rx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|esp4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|esp6|sctp6
+  Retrieves the hash options for the specified network traffic type.
 
-Additional Configurations
-=========================
+-N --config-nfc
+  Configures the receive network flow classification.
 
-  Generic Receive Offload (GRO)
-  -----------------------------
-  The driver supports the in-kernel software implementation of GRO.  GRO has
-  shown that by coalescing Rx traffic into larger chunks of data, CPU
-  utilization can be significantly reduced when under large Rx load.  GRO is
-  an evolution of the previously-used LRO interface.  GRO is able to coalesce
-  other protocols besides TCP.  It's also safe to use with configurations that
-  are problematic for LRO, namely bridging and iSCSI.
+rx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|esp4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|esp6|sctp6
+m|v|t|s|d|f|n|r...
+  Configures the hash options for the specified network traffic type.
 
-  Ethtool
-  -------
-  The driver utilizes the ethtool interface for driver configuration and
-  diagnostics, as well as displaying statistical information. The latest
-  ethtool version is required for this functionality.
+  udp4 UDP over IPv4
+  udp6 UDP over IPv6
 
-  The latest release of ethtool can be found from
-  https://www.kernel.org/pub/software/network/ethtool
+  f Hash on bytes 0 and 1 of the Layer 4 header of the Rx packet.
+  n Hash on bytes 2 and 3 of the Layer 4 header of the Rx packet.
 
 
-  Flow Director n-ntuple traffic filters (FDir)
-  ---------------------------------------------
-  The driver utilizes the ethtool interface for configuring ntuple filters,
-  via "ethtool -N <device> <filter>".
+Speed and Duplex Configuration
+------------------------------
+In addressing speed and duplex configuration issues, you need to distinguish
+between copper-based adapters and fiber-based adapters.
 
-  The sctp4, ip4, udp4, and tcp4 flow types are supported with the standard
-  fields including src-ip, dst-ip, src-port and dst-port. The driver only
-  supports fully enabling or fully masking the fields, so use of the mask
-  fields for partial matches is not supported.
+In the default mode, an Intel(R) Ethernet Network Adapter using copper
+connections will attempt to auto-negotiate with its link partner to determine
+the best setting. If the adapter cannot establish link with the link partner
+using auto-negotiation, you may need to manually configure the adapter and link
+partner to identical settings to establish link and pass packets. This should
+only be needed when attempting to link with an older switch that does not
+support auto-negotiation or one that has been forced to a specific speed or
+duplex mode. Your link partner must match the setting you choose. 1 Gbps speeds
+and higher cannot be forced. Use the autonegotiation advertising setting to
+manually set devices for 1 Gbps and higher.
 
-  Additionally, the driver supports using the action to specify filters for a
-  Virtual Function. You can specify the action as a 64bit value, where the
-  lower 32 bits represents the queue number, while the next 8 bits represent
-  which VF. Note that 0 is the PF, so the VF identifier is offset by 1. For
-  example:
+NOTE: You cannot set the speed for devices based on the Intel(R) Ethernet
+Network Adapter XXV710 based devices.
 
-    ... action 0x800000002 ...
+Speed, duplex, and autonegotiation advertising are configured through the
+ethtool* utility. ethtool is included with all versions of Red Hat after Red
+Hat 7.2. For the latest version, download and install ethtool from the
+following website:
 
-  Would indicate to direct traffic for Virtual Function 7 (8 minus 1) on queue
-  2 of that VF.
+   http://ftp.kernel.org/pub/software/network/ethtool/
 
-  The driver also supports using the user-defined field to specify 2 bytes of
-  arbitrary data to match within the packet payload in addition to the regular
-  fields. The data is specified in the lower 32bits of the user-def field in
-  the following way:
+Caution: Only experienced network administrators should force speed and duplex
+or change autonegotiation advertising manually. The settings at the switch must
+always match the adapter settings. Adapter performance may suffer or your
+adapter may not operate if you configure the adapter differently from your
+switch.
 
-  +----------------------------+---------------------------+
-  | 31    28    24    20    16 | 15    12     8     4     0|
-  +----------------------------+---------------------------+
-  | offset into packet payload |  2 bytes of flexible data |
-  +----------------------------+---------------------------+
+An Intel(R) Ethernet Network Adapter using fiber-based connections, however,
+will not attempt to auto-negotiate with its link partner since those adapters
+operate only in full duplex and only at their native speed.
 
-  As an example,
 
-    ... user-def 0x4FFFF ....
+NAPI
+----
+NAPI (Rx polling mode) is supported in the i40e driver.
+For more information on NAPI, see
+https://www.linuxfoundation.org/collaborate/workgroups/networking/napi
 
-  means to match the value 0xFFFF 4 bytes into the packet payload. Note that
-  the offset is based on the beginning of the payload, and not the beginning
-  of the packet. Thus
 
-    flow-type tcp4 ... user-def 0x8BEAF ....
+Flow Control
+------------
+Ethernet Flow Control (IEEE 802.3x) can be configured with ethtool to enable
+receiving and transmitting pause frames for i40e. When transmit is enabled,
+pause frames are generated when the receive packet buffer crosses a predefined
+threshold. When receive is enabled, the transmit unit will halt for the time
+delay specified when a pause frame is received.
 
-  would match TCP/IPv4 packets which have the value 0xBEAF 8bytes into the
-  TCP/IPv4 payload.
+NOTE: You must have a flow control capable link partner.
 
-  For ICMP, the hardware parses the ICMP header as 4 bytes of header and 4
-  bytes of payload, so if you want to match an ICMP frames payload you may need
-  to add 4 to the offset in order to match the data.
+Flow Control is  by default.
 
-  Furthermore, the offset can only be up to a value of 64, as the hardware
-  will only read up to 64 bytes of data from the payload. It must also be even
-  as the flexible data is 2 bytes long and must be aligned to byte 0 of the
-  packet payload.
+Use ethtool to change the flow control settings.
 
-  When programming filters, the hardware is limited to using a single input
-  set for each flow type. This means that it is an error to program two
-  different filters with the same type that don't match on the same fields.
-  Thus the second of the following two commands will fail:
+To enable or disable Rx or Tx Flow Control:
+ethtool -A eth? rx <on|off> tx <on|off>
+Note: This command only enables or disables Flow Control if auto-negotiation is
+disabled. If auto-negotiation is enabled, this command changes the parameters
+used for auto-negotiation with the link partner.
 
-    ethtool -N <device> flow-type tcp4 src-ip 192.168.0.7 action 5
-    ethtool -N <device> flow-type tcp4 dst-ip 192.168.15.18 action 1
+To enable or disable auto-negotiation:
+ethtool -s eth? autoneg <on|off>
+Note: Flow Control auto-negotiation is part of link auto-negotiation. Depending
+on your device, you may not be able to change the auto-negotiation setting.
 
-  This is because the first filter will be accepted and reprogram the input
-  set for TCPv4 filters, but the second filter will be unable to reprogram the
-  input set until all the conflicting TCPv4 filters are first removed.
 
-  Note that the user-defined flexible offset is also considered part of the
-  input set and cannot be programmed separately for multiple filters of the
-  same type. However, the flexible data is not part of the input set and
-  multiple filters may use the same offset but match against different data.
+RSS Hash Flow
+-------------
 
-  Data Center Bridging (DCB)
-  --------------------------
-  DCB configuration is not currently supported.
+Allows you to set the hash bytes per flow type and any combination of one or
+more options for Receive Side Scaling (RSS) hash byte configuration.
 
-  FCoE
-  ----
-  The driver supports Fiber Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) and Data Center
-  Bridging (DCB) functionality. Configuring DCB and FCoE is outside the scope
-  of this driver doc. Refer to http://www.open-fcoe.org/ for FCoE project
-  information and http://www.open-lldp.org/ or email list
-  e1000-eedc@lists.sourceforge.net for DCB information.
+#ethtool -N <dev> rx-flow-hash <type> <option>
 
-  MAC and VLAN anti-spoofing feature
-  ----------------------------------
-  When a malicious driver attempts to send a spoofed packet, it is dropped by
-  the hardware and not transmitted.  An interrupt is sent to the PF driver
-  notifying it of the spoof attempt.
+Where <type> is:
+  tcp4	signifying TCP over IPv4
+  udp4	signifying UDP over IPv4
+  tcp6	signifying TCP over IPv6
+  udp6	signifying UDP over IPv6
+And <option> is one or more of:
+  s	Hash on the IP source address of the Rx packet.
+  d	Hash on the IP destination address of the Rx packet.
+  f	Hash on bytes 0 and 1 of the Layer 4 header of the Rx packet.
+  n	Hash on bytes 2 and 3 of the Layer 4 header of the Rx packet.
 
-  When a spoofed packet is detected the PF driver will send the following
-  message to the system log (displayed by  the "dmesg" command):
 
-  Spoof event(s) detected on VF (n)
+MAC and VLAN anti-spoofing feature
+----------------------------------
+When a malicious driver attempts to send a spoofed packet, it is dropped by the
+hardware and not transmitted.
+NOTE: This feature can be disabled for a specific Virtual Function (VF):
+ip link set <pf dev> vf <vf id> spoofchk {off|on}
 
-  Where n=the VF that attempted to do the spoofing.
 
+IEEE 1588 Precision Time Protocol (PTP) Hardware Clock (PHC)
+------------------------------------------------------------
+Precision Time Protocol (PTP) is used to synchronize clocks in a computer
+network. PTP support varies among Intel devices that support this driver. Use
+"ethtool -T <netdev name>" to get a definitive list of PTP capabilities
+supported by the device.
 
-Performance Tuning
-==================
 
-An excellent article on performance tuning can be found at:
+IEEE 802.1ad (QinQ) Support
+---------------------------
 
-http://www.redhat.com/promo/summit/2008/downloads/pdf/Thursday/Mark_Wagner.pdf
+The IEEE 802.1ad standard, informally known as QinQ, allows for multiple VLAN
+IDs within a single Ethernet frame. VLAN IDs are sometimes referred to as
+"tags," and multiple VLAN IDs are thus referred to as a "tag stack." Tag stacks
+allow L2 tunneling and the ability to segregate traffic within a particular
+VLAN ID, among other uses.
 
+The following are examples of how to configure 802.1ad (QinQ):
+  ip link add link eth0 eth0.24 type vlan proto 802.1ad id 24
+  ip link add link eth0.24 eth0.24.371 type vlan proto 802.1Q id 371
+Where "24" and "371" are example VLAN IDs.
 
-Known Issues
-============
+NOTES:
+- 802.1ad (QinQ)is supported in 3.19 and later kernels.
+- Receive checksum offloads, cloud filters, and VLAN acceleration are not
+supported for 802.1ad (QinQ) packets.
 
 
-Support
-=======
+VXLAN and GENEVE Overlay HW Offloading
+--------------------------------------
 
-For general information, go to the Intel support website at:
+Virtual Extensible LAN (VXLAN) allows you to extend an L2 network over an L3
+network, which may be useful in a virtualized or cloud environment. Some
+Intel(R) Ethernet Network devices perform VXLAN processing, offloading it from
+the operating system. This reduces CPU utilization.
 
-    http://support.intel.com
+VXLAN offloading is controlled by the Tx and Rx checksum offload options
+provided by ethtool. That is, if Tx checksum offload is enabled, and the
+adapter has the capability, VXLAN offloading is also enabled.
 
-or the Intel Wired Networking project hosted by Sourceforge at:
+Support for VXLAN and GENEVE HW offloading is dependent on kernel support of
+the HW offloading features.
+
+
+Multiple Functions per Port
+---------------------------
+
+Some adapters based on the Intel Ethernet Controller X710/XL710 support
+multiple functions on a single physical port. Configure these functions through
+the System Setup/BIOS.
+
+Minimum TX Bandwidth is the guaranteed minimum data transmission bandwidth, as
+a percentage of the full physical port link speed, that the partition will
+receive. The bandwidth the partition is awarded will never fall below the level
+you specify.
+
+The range for the minimum bandwidth values is:
+1 to ((100 minus # of partitions on the physical port) plus 1)
+For example, if a physical port has 4 partitions, the range would be:
+1 to ((100 - 4) + 1 = 97)
+
+The Maximum Bandwidth percentage represents the maximum transmit bandwidth
+allocated to the partition as a percentage of the full physical port link
+speed. The accepted range of values is 1-100. The value is used as a limiter,
+should you chose that any one particular function not be able to consume 100%
+of a port's bandwidth (should it be available). The sum of all the values for
+Maximum Bandwidth is not restricted, because no more than 100% of a port's
+bandwidth can ever be used.
+
+NOTE: X710/XXV710 devices fail to enable Max VFs (64) when Multiple Functions
+per Port (MFP) and SR-IOV are enabled. An error from i40e is logged that says
+"add vsi failed for VF N, aq_err 16". To workaround the issue, enable less than
+64 virtual functions (VFs).
+
+
+Data Center Bridging (DCB)
+--------------------------
+NOTE:
+The kernel assumes that TC0 is available, and will disable Priority Flow
+Control (PFC) on the device if TC0 is not available. To fix this, ensure TC0 is
+enabled when setting up DCB on your switch.
+
+
+DCB is a configuration Quality of Service implementation in hardware. It uses
+the VLAN priority tag (802.1p) to filter traffic. That means that there are 8
+different priorities that traffic can be filtered into. It also enables
+priority flow control (802.1Qbb) which can limit or eliminate the number of
+dropped packets during network stress. Bandwidth can be allocated to each of
+these priorities, which is enforced at the hardware level (802.1Qaz).
+
+Adapter firmware implements LLDP and DCBX protocol agents as per 802.1AB and
+802.1Qaz respectively. The firmware based DCBX agent runs in willing mode only
+and can accept settings from a DCBX capable peer. Software configuration of
+DCBX parameters via dcbtool/lldptool are not supported.
+
+NOTE: Firmware LLDP can be disabled by setting the private flag disable-fw-lldp.
+
+The i40e driver implements the DCB netlink interface layer to allow user-space
+to communicate with the driver and query DCB configuration for the port.
+
+
+Interrupt Rate Limiting
+-----------------------
+
+The Intel(R) Ethernet Controller XL710 family supports an interrupt rate
+limiting mechanism. The user can control, via ethtool, the number of
+microseconds between interrupts.
+
+Syntax:
+# ethtool -C ethX rx-usecs-high N
+
+Valid Range: 0-235 (0=no limit)
+
+The range of 0-235 microseconds provides an effective range of 4,310 to 250,000
+interrupts per second. The value of rx-usecs-high can be set independently of
+rx-usecs and tx-usecs in the same ethtool command, and is also independent of
+the adaptive interrupt moderation algorithm. The underlying hardware supports
+granularity in 4-microsecond intervals, so adjacent values may result in the
+same interrupt rate.
+
+One possible use case is the following:
+# ethtool -C ethX adaptive-rx off adaptive-tx off rx-usecs-high 20 rx-usecs 5
+tx-usecs 5
+
+The above command would disable adaptive interrupt moderation, and allow a
+maximum of 5 microseconds before indicating a receive or transmit was complete.
+However, instead of resulting in as many as 200,000 interrupts per second, it
+limits total interrupts per second to 50,000 via the rx-usecs-high parameter.
+
+
+Performance Optimization:
+-------------------------
+
+Driver defaults are meant to fit a wide variety of workloads, but if further
+optimization is required we recommend experimenting with the following settings.
+
+NOTE: For better performance when processing small (64B) frame sizes, try
+enabling Hyper threading in the BIOS in order to increase the number of logical
+cores in the system and subsequently increase the number of queues available to
+the adapter.
+
+Virtualized Environments:
+
+1. Disable XPS on both ends by using the included virt_perf_default script
+  or by running the following command as root:
+  for file in `ls /sys/class/net/<ethX>/queues/tx-*/xps_cpus`;
+  do echo 0 > $file; done
+
+2. Using the appropriate mechanism (vcpupin) in the VM, pin the CPUs to
+  individual LCPUs, making sure to use a set of CPUs included in the
+  device's local_cpulist: /sys/class/net/<ethX>/device/local_cpulist.
 
-    http://e1000.sourceforge.net
+3. Configure as many Rx/Tx queues in the VM as available. Do not rely on
+  the default setting of 1.
+
+
+Non-virtualized Environments
+
+Pin the adapter's IRQs to specific cores by disabling the irqbalance service
+and using the included set_irq_affinity script. Please see the script's help
+text for further options.
+
+  - The following settings will distribute the IRQs across all the cores
+    evenly:
+
+    # scripts/set_irq_affinity -x all <interface1> , [ <interface2>, ... ]
+
+  - The following settings will distribute the IRQs across all the cores that
+    are local to the adapter (same NUMA node):
+
+    # scripts/set_irq_affinity -x local <interface1> ,[ <interface2>, ... ]
+
+For very CPU intensive workloads, we recommend pinning the IRQs to all cores.
+
+For IP Forwarding: Disable Adaptive ITR and lower Rx and Tx interrupts per
+queue using ethtool.
+
+  - Setting rx-usecs and tx-usecs to 125 will limit interrupts to about 8000
+    interrupts per second per queue.
+
+    # ethtool -C <interface> adaptive-rx off adaptive-tx off rx-usecs 125
+    tx-usecs 125
+
+For lower CPU utilization: Disable Adaptive ITR and lower Rx and Tx interrupts
+per queue using ethtool.
+
+  - Setting rx-usecs and tx-usecs to 250 will limit interrupts to about 4000
+    interrupts per second per queue.
+
+    # ethtool -C <interface> adaptive-rx off adaptive-tx off rx-usecs 250
+    tx-usecs 250
+
+For lower latency: Disable Adaptive ITR and ITR by setting Rx and Tx to 0 using
+ethtool.
+
+    # ethtool -C <interface> adaptive-rx off adaptive-tx off rx-usecs 0
+    tx-usecs 0
+
+
+Application Device Queues (ADq)
+-------------------------------
+
+Application Device Queues (ADq) allows you to dedicate one or more queues to a
+specific application. This can reduce latency for the specified application,
+and allow Tx traffic to be rate limited per application. Follow the steps below
+to set ADq.
+
+NOTE: Run all tc commands from the iproute2 <pathtoiproute2>/tc/ directory.
+  1. Create traffic classes (TCs). Maximum of 8 TCs can be created per
+  interface. The shaper bw_rlimit parameter is optional.
+  Example:
+  Sets up two tcs, tc0 and tc1, with 16 queues each and max tx rate set
+  to 1Gbit for tc0 and 3Gbit for tc1.
+  # tc qdisc add dev <interface> root mqprio num_tc 2 map 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1
+  queues 16@0 16@16 hw 1 mode channel shaper bw_rlimit min_rate 1Gbit 2Gbit
+  max_rate 1Gbit 3Gbit
+
+  map: priority mapping for up to 16 priorities to tcs
+  (e.g. map 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 sets priorities 0-3 to use tc0 and 4-7 to
+  use tc1)
+
+  queues: for each tc, <num queues>@<offset> (e.g. queues 16@0 16@16 assigns
+  16 queues to tc0 at offset 0 and 16 queues to tc1 at offset 16. Max total
+  number of queues for all tcs is 64 or number of cores, whichever is
+  lower.)
+
+  hw 1 mode channel: ‘channel’ with ‘hw’ set to 1 is a new new hardware
+  offload mode in mqprio that makes full use of the mqprio options, the
+  TCs, the queue configurations, and the QoS parameters.
+
+  shaper bw_rlimit: for each tc, sets minimum and maximum bandwidth rates.
+  Totals must be equal or less than port speed.
+  For example: min_rate 1Gbit 3Gbit:
+  Verify bandwidth limit using network monitoring tools such as ifstat
+  or sar –n DEV [interval] [number of samples]
+
+NOTE: Setting up channels via ethtool (ethtool -L) is not supported when the
+TCs are configured using mqprio.
+
+  2. Enable HW TC offload on interface:
+  # ethtool -K <interface> hw-tc-offload on
+  3. Apply TCs to ingress (RX) flow of interface:
+  # tc qdisc add dev <interface> ingress
+NOTES:
+- You must have kernel version 4.15 or later and the sch_mqprio, act_mirred
+  and cls_flower modules loaded to set ADq
+- You must have iproute2 latest version
+- NVM version 6.01 or later is required.
+- ADq cannot be enabled when any the following features are enabled: Data
+  Center Bridging (DCB), Multiple Functions per Port (MFP), or Sideband
+  Filters.
+- If another driver (for example, DPDK) has set cloud filters, you cannot
+  enable ADq.
+- Tunnel filters are not supported in ADq. If encapsulated packets do
+  arrive in non-tunnel mode, filtering will be done on the inner headers.
+  For example, for VXLAN traffic in non-tunnel mode, PCTYPE is identified
+  as a VXLAN encapsulated packet, outer headers are ignored. Therefore,
+  inner headers are matched.
+- If a TC filter on a PF matches traffic over a VF (on the PF), that
+  traffic will be routed to the appropriate queue of the PF, and will
+  not be passed on the VF. Such traffic will end up getting dropped higher
+  up in the TCP/IP stack as it does not match PF address data.
+- If traffic matches multiple TC filters that point to different TCs,
+  that traffic will be duplicated and sent to all matching TC queues.
+  The hardware switch mirrors the packet to a VSI list when multiple
+  filters are matched.
+
+
+Support
+-------
+For general information, go to the Intel support website at:
+http://www.intel.com/support/
+
+or the Intel Wired Networking project hosted by Sourceforge at:
+http://sourceforge.net/projects/e1000
 
-If an issue is identified with the released source code on the supported
-kernel with a supported adapter, email the specific information related
-to the issue to e1000-devel@lists.sourceforge.net and copy
-netdev@vger.kernel.org.
+If an issue is identified with the released source code on a supported kernel
+with a supported adapter, email the specific information related to the issue
+to e1000-devel@lists.sf.net.