[v4,04/10] dt-bindings: i3c: Document core bindings

Message ID 20180330074751.25987-5-boris.brezillon@bootlin.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Add the I3C subsystem
Related show

Commit Message

Boris Brezillon March 30, 2018, 7:47 a.m.
A new I3C subsystem has been added and a generic description has been
created to represent the I3C bus and the devices connected on it.

Document this generic representation.

Signed-off-by: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@bootlin.com>
---
Changes in v4:
- Clarify the fact that static address == I3C address and dynamic
  address == I3C address
- Use i2c-scl-hz in the example

Changes in v3:
- Rename {i2c,i3c}-scl-frequency DT prop into {i2c,i3c}-scl-hz
- Rework the way we expose the provisional ID and LVR information
- Rename dynamic-address into assigned-address
- Enforce the I3C master node name

Changes in v2:
- Define how to describe I3C devices in the DT and when it should be
  used. Note that the parsing of I3C devices is not yet implemented in
  the framework. Will be added when someone really needs it.
---
 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i3c/i3c.txt | 140 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 140 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i3c/i3c.txt

Comments

Geert Uytterhoeven March 30, 2018, 7:55 a.m. | #1
Hi Boris,

On Fri, Mar 30, 2018 at 9:47 AM, Boris Brezillon
<boris.brezillon@bootlin.com> wrote:
> A new I3C subsystem has been added and a generic description has been
> created to represent the I3C bus and the devices connected on it.
>
> Document this generic representation.
>
> Signed-off-by: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@bootlin.com>
> ---
> Changes in v4:
> - Clarify the fact that static address == I3C address and dynamic

static address == I2C address?

>   address == I3C address

Gr{oetje,eeting}s,

                        Geert
Boris Brezillon March 30, 2018, 7:59 a.m. | #2
On Fri, 30 Mar 2018 09:55:22 +0200
Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> wrote:

> Hi Boris,
> 
> On Fri, Mar 30, 2018 at 9:47 AM, Boris Brezillon
> <boris.brezillon@bootlin.com> wrote:
> > A new I3C subsystem has been added and a generic description has been
> > created to represent the I3C bus and the devices connected on it.
> >
> > Document this generic representation.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@bootlin.com>
> > ---
> > Changes in v4:
> > - Clarify the fact that static address == I3C address and dynamic  
> 
> static address == I2C address?

hehe, indeed.

> 
> >   address == I3C address  
> 
> Gr{oetje,eeting}s,
> 
>                         Geert
>
Rob Herring April 9, 2018, 8:24 p.m. | #3
On Fri, Mar 30, 2018 at 09:47:45AM +0200, Boris Brezillon wrote:
> A new I3C subsystem has been added and a generic description has been
> created to represent the I3C bus and the devices connected on it.
> 
> Document this generic representation.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@bootlin.com>
> ---
> Changes in v4:
> - Clarify the fact that static address == I3C address and dynamic
>   address == I3C address
> - Use i2c-scl-hz in the example
> 
> Changes in v3:
> - Rename {i2c,i3c}-scl-frequency DT prop into {i2c,i3c}-scl-hz
> - Rework the way we expose the provisional ID and LVR information
> - Rename dynamic-address into assigned-address
> - Enforce the I3C master node name
> 
> Changes in v2:
> - Define how to describe I3C devices in the DT and when it should be
>   used. Note that the parsing of I3C devices is not yet implemented in
>   the framework. Will be added when someone really needs it.
> ---
>  Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i3c/i3c.txt | 140 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 140 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i3c/i3c.txt

Reviewed-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
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Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i3c/i3c.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i3c/i3c.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..13b719f1ef15
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i3c/i3c.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,140 @@ 
+Generic device tree bindings for I3C busses
+===========================================
+
+This document describes generic bindings that should be used to describe I3C
+busses in a device tree.
+
+Required properties
+-------------------
+
+- #address-cells  - should be <3>. Read more about addresses below.
+- #size-cells     - should be <0>.
+- compatible      - name of the I3C master controller driving the I3C bus
+
+For other required properties e.g. to describe register sets,
+clocks, etc. check the binding documentation of the specific driver.
+The node describing an I3C bus should be named i3c-master.
+
+Optional properties
+-------------------
+
+These properties may not be supported by all I3C master drivers. Each I3C
+master bindings should specify which of them are supported.
+
+- i3c-scl-hz: frequency of the SCL signal used for I3C transfers.
+	      When undefined the core sets it to 12.5MHz.
+
+- i2c-scl-hz: frequency of the SCL signal used for I2C transfers.
+	      When undefined, the core looks at LVR (Legacy Virtual Register)
+	      values of I2C devices described in the device tree to determine
+	      the maximum I2C frequency.
+
+I2C devices
+===========
+
+Each I2C device connected to the bus should be described in a subnode. All
+properties described in Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i2c/i2c.txt are
+valid here, but several new properties have been added.
+
+New constraint on existing properties:
+--------------------------------------
+- reg: contains 3 cells
+  + first cell : still encoding the I2C address
+
+  + second cell: should have bit 31 set to 1 to signify that this is an I2C
+		 device. Bits 0 to 7 encode the I3C LVR (Legacy Virtual
+		 Register):
+
+	bit[7:5]: I2C device index. Possible values
+	* 0: I2C device has a 50 ns spike filter
+	* 1: I2C device does not have a 50 ns spike filter but supports high
+	     frequency on SCL
+	* 2: I2C device does not have a 50 ns spike filter and is not tolerant
+	     to high frequencies
+	* 3-7: reserved
+
+	bit[4]: tell whether the device operates in FM (Fast Mode) or FM+ mode
+	* 0: FM+ mode
+	* 1: FM mode
+
+	bit[3:0]: device type
+	* 0-15: reserved
+
+  + third cell: should be 0
+
+I3C devices
+===========
+
+All I3C devices are supposed to support DAA (Dynamic Address Assignment), and
+are thus discoverable. So, by default, I3C devices do not have to be described
+in the device tree.
+This being said, one might want to attach extra resources to these devices,
+and those resources may have to be described in the device tree, which in turn
+means we have to describe I3C devices.
+
+Another use case for describing an I3C device in the device tree is when this
+I3C device has a static I2C address and we want to assign it a specific I3C
+dynamic address before the DAA takes place (so that other devices on the bus
+can't take this dynamic address).
+
+The I3C device should be names <device-type>@<static-i2c-address>,<i3c-pid>,
+where device-type is describing the type of device connected on the bus
+(gpio-controller, sensor, ...).
+
+Required properties
+-------------------
+- reg: contains 3 cells
+  + first cell : encodes the static I2C address. Should be 0 if the device does
+		 not have one (0 is not a valid I2C address).
+
+  + second and third cells: should encode the ProvisionalID. The second cell
+			    contains the manufacturer ID left-shifted by 1.
+			    The third cell contains ORing of the part ID
+			    left-shifted by 16, the instance ID left-shifted
+			    by 12 and the extra information. This encoding is
+			    following the PID definition provided by the I3C
+			    specification.
+
+Optional properties
+-------------------
+- assigned-address: dynamic address to be assigned to this device. This
+		    property is only valid if the I3C device has a static
+		    address (first cell of the reg property != 0).
+
+
+Example:
+
+	i3c-master@d040000 {
+		compatible = "cdns,i3c-master";
+		clocks = <&coreclock>, <&i3csysclock>;
+		clock-names = "pclk", "sysclk";
+		interrupts = <3 0>;
+		reg = <0x0d040000 0x1000>;
+		#address-cells = <3>;
+		#size-cells = <0>;
+
+		status = "okay";
+		i2c-scl-hz = <100000>;
+
+		/* I2C device. */
+		nunchuk: nunchuk@52 {
+			compatible = "nintendo,nunchuk";
+			reg = <0x52 0x80000010 0x0>;
+		};
+
+		/* I3C device with a static I2C address. */
+		thermal_sensor: sensor@68,39200144004 {
+			reg = <0x68 0x392 0x144004>;
+			assigned-address = <0xa>;
+		};
+
+		/*
+		 * I3C device without a static I2C address but requiring
+		 * resources described in the DT.
+		 */
+		sensor@0,39200154004 {
+			reg = <0x0 0x392 0x154004>;
+			clocks = <&clock_provider 0>;
+		};
+	};
+