Patchwork [v0,RFC] ext4: Fix a bug in ext4_journal_start_sb().

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Submitter Yongqiang Yang
Date April 1, 2011, 8:44 a.m.
Message ID <1301647493-13163-1-git-send-email-xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/89241/
State Superseded
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Comments

Yongqiang Yang - April 1, 2011, 8:44 a.m.
ext4_journal_start_sb() should not prevent active handle from being
started due to s_frozen.  Otherwise, deadlock is easy to happen, below
is a situation.
Jan Kara - April 3, 2011, 9:55 a.m.
Hello,

  thanks for the patch. I have some suggestions for improvement below...

On Fri 01-04-11 16:44:53, Yongqiang Yang wrote:
> ext4_journal_start_sb() should not prevent active handle from being
> started due to s_frozen.  Otherwise, deadlock is easy to happen, below
> is a situation.
> 
> ======================================================================
>      freeze         |       truncate             |      kjournald
> ======================================================================
>                     |  ext4_ext_truncate()       |
>     freeze_super()  |   starts a handle          |
>     sets s_frozen   |                            |
>                     |  ext4_ext_truncate()       |
>                     |  holds i_data_sem          |
>   ext4_freeze()     |                            |   commit_transaction()
>   waits for updates |                            |   waits for i_data_sem
>                     |  ext4_free_blocks()        |
>                     |  calls dquot_free_block()  |
>                     |                            |
>                     |  dquot_free_blocks()       |
>                     |  calls ext4_dirty_inode()  |
>                     |                            |
>                     |  ext4_dirty_inode()        |
>                     |  trys to start an active   |
>                     |  handle                    |
>                     |                            |
>                     |  block due to s_frozen     |
> =======================================================================
  Actuall, kjournald isn't needed for the deadlock at all.. Just the
truncate and freeze threads are enough. So you can simplify the
description.

> Messages reported by Amir:
> while running phoronix test suite and taking a snapshot every 10 seconds,
> the following hang happened during tiobench [64MB Random Write - 32 Threads]:
> 
> [20868.207441] snapshot: snapshot (913) created
> [21000.040021] [Hardware Error]: Machine check events logged
> [21001.300039] INFO: task jbd2/sda6-8:3560 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> [21001.300043] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables
> this message.
> [21001.300048] jbd2/sda6-8     D 0000000000000000     0  3560      2 0x00000000
> [21001.300055]  ffff880037a8fce0 0000000000000046 0000000000000000
> ffff880100000000
> [21001.300063]  0000000000014000 ffff880037a1bf40 ffff880037a1c2c0
> ffff880037a8ffd8
> [21001.300070]  ffff880037a1c2c8 0000000000014000 ffff880037a8e010
> 0000000000014000
> [21001.300078] Call Trace:
> [21001.300089]  [<ffffffff8124ebcc>] jbd2_journal_commit_transaction+
> 0x1cc/0x15d0
> [21001.300095]  [<ffffffff815bea70>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x30/0x40
> [21001.300102]  [<ffffffff810746dc>] ? lock_timer_base+0x3c/0x70
> [21001.300108]  [<ffffffff81075ae0>] ? try_to_del_timer_sync+0x90/0x100
> [21001.300113]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
> [21001.300118]  [<ffffffff81075bf2>] ? del_timer_sync+0xa2/0xe0
> [21001.300123]  [<ffffffff81075b50>] ? del_timer_sync+0x0/0xe0
> [21001.300129]  [<ffffffff81254b71>] kjournald2+0xc1/0x220
> [21001.300133]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
> [21001.300138]  [<ffffffff81254ab0>] ? kjournald2+0x0/0x220
> [21001.300143]  [<ffffffff810887d6>] kthread+0xb6/0xc0
> [21001.300149]  [<ffffffff8100ce24>] kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10
> [21001.300154]  [<ffffffff815bea70>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x30/0x40
> [21001.300158]  [<ffffffff815bf054>] ? restore_args+0x0/0x30
> [21001.300163]  [<ffffffff81088720>] ? kthread+0x0/0xc0
> [21001.300167]  [<ffffffff8100ce20>] ? kernel_thread_helper+0x0/0x10
> [21001.300171] INFO: lockdep is turned off.
> [21001.300175] INFO: task tiotest:6277 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> [21001.300178] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables
> this message.
> [21001.300182] tiotest         D 0000000000000000     0  6277   6276 0x00000000
> [21001.300188]  ffff88003789d9d8 0000000000000046 ffff88005b87a068
> 0000000000000002
> [21001.300196]  0000000000014000 ffff8800ac435ee0 ffff8800ac436260
> ffff88003789dfd8
> [21001.300203]  ffff8800ac436268 0000000000014000 ffff88003789c010
> 0000000000014000
> [21001.300211] Call Trace:
> [21001.300216]  [<ffffffff81088fe0>] ? prepare_to_wait+0x60/0x90
> [21001.300236]  [<ffffffffa0297745>] __next4_journal_start+0x85/0x1d0 [next4]
> [21001.300241]  [<ffffffff815beb1b>] ? _raw_spin_unlock+0x2b/0x40
> [21001.300246]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
> [21001.300259]  [<ffffffffa027d98e>] next4_dirty_inode+0x2e/0x70 [next4]
> [21001.300266]  [<ffffffff811942e8>] __mark_inode_dirty+0x38/0x220
> [21001.300283]  [<ffffffffa02af022>] __next4_free_blocks+0xb42/0xeb0 [next4]
> [21001.300300]  [<ffffffffa02a297e>] next4_ext_truncate+0x8ce/0xa90 [next4]
> [21001.300315]  [<ffffffffa0283921>] next4_truncate+0x601/0x860 [next4]
> [21001.300331]  [<ffffffffa02a6da3>] ? __next4_handle_dirty_metadata+0x83/0x1d0
> [next4]
> [21001.300344]  [<ffffffffa027ccc0>] ? next4_mark_iloc_dirty+0x480/0x6b0 [next4]
> [21001.300358]  [<ffffffffa027d7b6>] ? next4_mark_inode_dirty+0xa6/0x250 [next4]
> [21001.300372]  [<ffffffffa0285c00>] next4_evict_inode+0x3a0/0x490 [next4]
> [21001.300378]  [<ffffffff81186c44>] evict+0x24/0xb0
> [21001.300382]  [<ffffffff811872a6>] iput+0x1f6/0x2f0
> [21001.300388]  [<ffffffff8117b06f>] do_unlinkat+0x11f/0x1e0
> [21001.300394]  [<ffffffff815be0d9>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_thunk+0x3a/0x3f
> [21001.300399]  [<ffffffff8117b146>] sys_unlink+0x16/0x20
> [21001.300405]  [<ffffffff8100bf82>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> [21001.300408] INFO: lockdep is turned off.
> [21001.300411] INFO: task chsnap:6510 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> [21001.300414] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables
> this message.
> [21001.300418] chsnap          D 0000000000000000     0  6510   6481 0x00000000
> [21001.300424]  ffff8800ac2ffba8 0000000000000046 0000000000000000
> ffff880107fe5688
> [21001.300431]  0000000000014000 ffff8800ac599fa0 ffff8800ac59a320
> [21001.300439]  ffff8800ac59a328 0000000000014000 ffff8800ac2fe010
> 0000000000014000
> [21001.300447] Call Trace:
> [21001.300452]  [<ffffffff8124cc55>] jbd2_journal_lock_updates+0x95/0x100
> [21001.300457]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
> [21001.300473]  [<ffffffffa0295756>] next4_freeze+0x46/0xa0 [next4]
> [21001.300479]  [<ffffffff811a27e4>] ? __sync_blockdev+0x24/0x50
> [21001.300484]  [<ffffffff8116ec2d>] freeze_super+0x7d/0x100
> [21001.300500]  [<ffffffffa02bbe48>] next4_snapshot_take+0x268/0xa70 [next4]
> [21001.300506]  [<ffffffff8124c910>] ? jbd2_journal_stop+0x1e0/0x2c0
> [21001.300520]  [<ffffffffa0287558>] next4_ioctl+0xc28/0xcc0 [next4]
> [21001.300527]  [<ffffffff812f66b4>] ? do_raw_spin_lock+0x54/0x150
> [21001.300532]  [<ffffffff8117e175>] do_vfs_ioctl+0xa5/0x5a0
> [21001.300537]  [<ffffffff8109e6ad>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10
> [21001.300542]  [<ffffffff8116dc5c>] ? fget_light+0x1ec/0x370
> [21001.300547]  [<ffffffff8117e711>] sys_ioctl+0xa1/0xb0
> [21001.300552]  [<ffffffff8100bf82>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> [21001.300555] INFO: lockdep is turned off.
  Not sure these traces are needed in the changelog. The description in the
beginning seems to be enough to understand the problem so I'd prefer a
shorter description. But I leave this up to you.
 
> Reported-by: Amir Goldstein <amir73il@users.sf.net>
> Signed-off-by: Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com>
> ---
>  fs/ext4/super.c |   49 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
>  1 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
> index ccfa686..f35b53e 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/super.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
> @@ -242,27 +242,49 @@ static void ext4_put_nojournal(handle_t *handle)
>   * journal_end calls result in the superblock being marked dirty, so
>   * that sync() will call the filesystem's write_super callback if
>   * appropriate.
> + *
> + * To avoid j_barrier hold in userspace when a user calls freeze(),
> + * ext4 prevents a new handle from being started by s_frozen, which
> + * is in an upper layer.
>   */
>  handle_t *ext4_journal_start_sb(struct super_block *sb, int nblocks)
>  {
>  	journal_t *journal;
> +	handle_t  *handle;
>  
>  	if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
>  		return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
>  
> -	vfs_check_frozen(sb, SB_FREEZE_TRANS);
> -	/* Special case here: if the journal has aborted behind our
> -	 * backs (eg. EIO in the commit thread), then we still need to
> -	 * take the FS itself readonly cleanly. */
>  	journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal;
> -	if (journal) {
> -		if (is_journal_aborted(journal)) {
> -			ext4_abort(sb, "Detected aborted journal");
> -			return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
> -		}
> -		return jbd2_journal_start(journal, nblocks);
> +	if (!journal)
> +		/*
> +		 * Under no-journal mode, vfs_check_frozen() is not neeed.
> +		 */
  Why is this? Previously we waited also in the nojournal case and I don't
see anything that would stop modifications in the nojournal case after your
change...

> +		return ext4_get_nojournal();
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Before vfs_check_frozen(), the current handle should be allowed
> +	 * to finish, otherwise deadlock would happen when the filesystem
> +	 * is freezed && active handles are not stopped.
> +	 */
> +	handle = ext4_journal_current_handle();
> +	if (handle) {
> +		BUG_ON(!(handle->h_transaction->t_journal == journal));
> +		handle->h_ref++;
> +		return handle;
  Please use jbd2_journal_start() to get the reference for you (although I
agree it's slightly inefficient). I don't like messing with JBD2 internals
like handle use counts in ext4.

>  	}
> -	return ext4_get_nojournal();
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Special case here: if the journal has aborted behind our
> +	 * backs (eg. EIO in the commit thread), then we still need to
> +	 * take the FS itself readonly cleanly.
> +	 */
> +	vfs_check_frozen(sb, SB_FREEZE_TRANS);
> +	if (is_journal_aborted(journal)) {
> +		ext4_abort(sb, "Detected aborted journal");
> +		return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
> +	}
> +	return jbd2_journal_start(journal, nblocks);
>  }
>  
>  /*
> @@ -4131,6 +4153,11 @@ static int ext4_sync_fs(struct super_block *sb, int wait)
>  /*
>   * LVM calls this function before a (read-only) snapshot is created.  This
>   * gives us a chance to flush the journal completely and mark the fs clean.
> + *
> + * Note that only this function cannot bring a filesystem to be in a clean
> + * state independently, because ext4 prevents a new handle from being started
> + * by @sb->s_frozen, which stays in an upper layer.  It thus needs help from
> + * the upper layer.
>   */
>  static int ext4_freeze(struct super_block *sb)
>  {

									Honza
Yongqiang Yang - April 3, 2011, 7:02 p.m.
Hi Jack and Eric,

Could you review this patch?


Thank you,
Yongqiang.

On Fri, Apr 1, 2011 at 4:44 PM, Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com> wrote:
> ext4_journal_start_sb() should not prevent active handle from being
> started due to s_frozen.  Otherwise, deadlock is easy to happen, below
> is a situation.
>
> ======================================================================
>     freeze         |       truncate             |      kjournald
> ======================================================================
>                    |  ext4_ext_truncate()       |
>    freeze_super()  |   starts a handle          |
>    sets s_frozen   |                            |
>                    |  ext4_ext_truncate()       |
>                    |  holds i_data_sem          |
>  ext4_freeze()     |                            |   commit_transaction()
>  waits for updates |                            |   waits for i_data_sem
>                    |  ext4_free_blocks()        |
>                    |  calls dquot_free_block()  |
>                    |                            |
>                    |  dquot_free_blocks()       |
>                    |  calls ext4_dirty_inode()  |
>                    |                            |
>                    |  ext4_dirty_inode()        |
>                    |  trys to start an active   |
>                    |  handle                    |
>                    |                            |
>                    |  block due to s_frozen     |
> =======================================================================
>
> Messages reported by Amir:
> while running phoronix test suite and taking a snapshot every 10 seconds,
> the following hang happened during tiobench [64MB Random Write - 32 Threads]:
>
> [20868.207441] snapshot: snapshot (913) created
> [21000.040021] [Hardware Error]: Machine check events logged
> [21001.300039] INFO: task jbd2/sda6-8:3560 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> [21001.300043] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables
> this message.
> [21001.300048] jbd2/sda6-8     D 0000000000000000     0  3560      2 0x00000000
> [21001.300055]  ffff880037a8fce0 0000000000000046 0000000000000000
> ffff880100000000
> [21001.300063]  0000000000014000 ffff880037a1bf40 ffff880037a1c2c0
> ffff880037a8ffd8
> [21001.300070]  ffff880037a1c2c8 0000000000014000 ffff880037a8e010
> 0000000000014000
> [21001.300078] Call Trace:
> [21001.300089]  [<ffffffff8124ebcc>] jbd2_journal_commit_transaction+
> 0x1cc/0x15d0
> [21001.300095]  [<ffffffff815bea70>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x30/0x40
> [21001.300102]  [<ffffffff810746dc>] ? lock_timer_base+0x3c/0x70
> [21001.300108]  [<ffffffff81075ae0>] ? try_to_del_timer_sync+0x90/0x100
> [21001.300113]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
> [21001.300118]  [<ffffffff81075bf2>] ? del_timer_sync+0xa2/0xe0
> [21001.300123]  [<ffffffff81075b50>] ? del_timer_sync+0x0/0xe0
> [21001.300129]  [<ffffffff81254b71>] kjournald2+0xc1/0x220
> [21001.300133]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
> [21001.300138]  [<ffffffff81254ab0>] ? kjournald2+0x0/0x220
> [21001.300143]  [<ffffffff810887d6>] kthread+0xb6/0xc0
> [21001.300149]  [<ffffffff8100ce24>] kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10
> [21001.300154]  [<ffffffff815bea70>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x30/0x40
> [21001.300158]  [<ffffffff815bf054>] ? restore_args+0x0/0x30
> [21001.300163]  [<ffffffff81088720>] ? kthread+0x0/0xc0
> [21001.300167]  [<ffffffff8100ce20>] ? kernel_thread_helper+0x0/0x10
> [21001.300171] INFO: lockdep is turned off.
> [21001.300175] INFO: task tiotest:6277 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> [21001.300178] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables
> this message.
> [21001.300182] tiotest         D 0000000000000000     0  6277   6276 0x00000000
> [21001.300188]  ffff88003789d9d8 0000000000000046 ffff88005b87a068
> 0000000000000002
> [21001.300196]  0000000000014000 ffff8800ac435ee0 ffff8800ac436260
> ffff88003789dfd8
> [21001.300203]  ffff8800ac436268 0000000000014000 ffff88003789c010
> 0000000000014000
> [21001.300211] Call Trace:
> [21001.300216]  [<ffffffff81088fe0>] ? prepare_to_wait+0x60/0x90
> [21001.300236]  [<ffffffffa0297745>] __next4_journal_start+0x85/0x1d0 [next4]
> [21001.300241]  [<ffffffff815beb1b>] ? _raw_spin_unlock+0x2b/0x40
> [21001.300246]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
> [21001.300259]  [<ffffffffa027d98e>] next4_dirty_inode+0x2e/0x70 [next4]
> [21001.300266]  [<ffffffff811942e8>] __mark_inode_dirty+0x38/0x220
> [21001.300283]  [<ffffffffa02af022>] __next4_free_blocks+0xb42/0xeb0 [next4]
> [21001.300300]  [<ffffffffa02a297e>] next4_ext_truncate+0x8ce/0xa90 [next4]
> [21001.300315]  [<ffffffffa0283921>] next4_truncate+0x601/0x860 [next4]
> [21001.300331]  [<ffffffffa02a6da3>] ? __next4_handle_dirty_metadata+0x83/0x1d0
> [next4]
> [21001.300344]  [<ffffffffa027ccc0>] ? next4_mark_iloc_dirty+0x480/0x6b0 [next4]
> [21001.300358]  [<ffffffffa027d7b6>] ? next4_mark_inode_dirty+0xa6/0x250 [next4]
> [21001.300372]  [<ffffffffa0285c00>] next4_evict_inode+0x3a0/0x490 [next4]
> [21001.300378]  [<ffffffff81186c44>] evict+0x24/0xb0
> [21001.300382]  [<ffffffff811872a6>] iput+0x1f6/0x2f0
> [21001.300388]  [<ffffffff8117b06f>] do_unlinkat+0x11f/0x1e0
> [21001.300394]  [<ffffffff815be0d9>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_thunk+0x3a/0x3f
> [21001.300399]  [<ffffffff8117b146>] sys_unlink+0x16/0x20
> [21001.300405]  [<ffffffff8100bf82>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> [21001.300408] INFO: lockdep is turned off.
> [21001.300411] INFO: task chsnap:6510 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> [21001.300414] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables
> this message.
> [21001.300418] chsnap          D 0000000000000000     0  6510   6481 0x00000000
> [21001.300424]  ffff8800ac2ffba8 0000000000000046 0000000000000000
> ffff880107fe5688
> [21001.300431]  0000000000014000 ffff8800ac599fa0 ffff8800ac59a320
> [21001.300439]  ffff8800ac59a328 0000000000014000 ffff8800ac2fe010
> 0000000000014000
> [21001.300447] Call Trace:
> [21001.300452]  [<ffffffff8124cc55>] jbd2_journal_lock_updates+0x95/0x100
> [21001.300457]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
> [21001.300473]  [<ffffffffa0295756>] next4_freeze+0x46/0xa0 [next4]
> [21001.300479]  [<ffffffff811a27e4>] ? __sync_blockdev+0x24/0x50
> [21001.300484]  [<ffffffff8116ec2d>] freeze_super+0x7d/0x100
> [21001.300500]  [<ffffffffa02bbe48>] next4_snapshot_take+0x268/0xa70 [next4]
> [21001.300506]  [<ffffffff8124c910>] ? jbd2_journal_stop+0x1e0/0x2c0
> [21001.300520]  [<ffffffffa0287558>] next4_ioctl+0xc28/0xcc0 [next4]
> [21001.300527]  [<ffffffff812f66b4>] ? do_raw_spin_lock+0x54/0x150
> [21001.300532]  [<ffffffff8117e175>] do_vfs_ioctl+0xa5/0x5a0
> [21001.300537]  [<ffffffff8109e6ad>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10
> [21001.300542]  [<ffffffff8116dc5c>] ? fget_light+0x1ec/0x370
> [21001.300547]  [<ffffffff8117e711>] sys_ioctl+0xa1/0xb0
> [21001.300552]  [<ffffffff8100bf82>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> [21001.300555] INFO: lockdep is turned off.
>
> Reported-by: Amir Goldstein <amir73il@users.sf.net>
> Signed-off-by: Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com>
> ---
>  fs/ext4/super.c |   49 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
>  1 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
> index ccfa686..f35b53e 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/super.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
> @@ -242,27 +242,49 @@ static void ext4_put_nojournal(handle_t *handle)
>  * journal_end calls result in the superblock being marked dirty, so
>  * that sync() will call the filesystem's write_super callback if
>  * appropriate.
> + *
> + * To avoid j_barrier hold in userspace when a user calls freeze(),
> + * ext4 prevents a new handle from being started by s_frozen, which
> + * is in an upper layer.
>  */
>  handle_t *ext4_journal_start_sb(struct super_block *sb, int nblocks)
>  {
>        journal_t *journal;
> +       handle_t  *handle;
>
>        if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
>                return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
>
> -       vfs_check_frozen(sb, SB_FREEZE_TRANS);
> -       /* Special case here: if the journal has aborted behind our
> -        * backs (eg. EIO in the commit thread), then we still need to
> -        * take the FS itself readonly cleanly. */
>        journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal;
> -       if (journal) {
> -               if (is_journal_aborted(journal)) {
> -                       ext4_abort(sb, "Detected aborted journal");
> -                       return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
> -               }
> -               return jbd2_journal_start(journal, nblocks);
> +       if (!journal)
> +               /*
> +                * Under no-journal mode, vfs_check_frozen() is not neeed.
> +                */
> +               return ext4_get_nojournal();
> +
> +       /*
> +        * Before vfs_check_frozen(), the current handle should be allowed
> +        * to finish, otherwise deadlock would happen when the filesystem
> +        * is freezed && active handles are not stopped.
> +        */
> +       handle = ext4_journal_current_handle();
> +       if (handle) {
> +               BUG_ON(!(handle->h_transaction->t_journal == journal));
> +               handle->h_ref++;
> +               return handle;
>        }
> -       return ext4_get_nojournal();
> +
> +       /*
> +        * Special case here: if the journal has aborted behind our
> +        * backs (eg. EIO in the commit thread), then we still need to
> +        * take the FS itself readonly cleanly.
> +        */
> +       vfs_check_frozen(sb, SB_FREEZE_TRANS);
> +       if (is_journal_aborted(journal)) {
> +               ext4_abort(sb, "Detected aborted journal");
> +               return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
> +       }
> +       return jbd2_journal_start(journal, nblocks);
>  }
>
>  /*
> @@ -4131,6 +4153,11 @@ static int ext4_sync_fs(struct super_block *sb, int wait)
>  /*
>  * LVM calls this function before a (read-only) snapshot is created.  This
>  * gives us a chance to flush the journal completely and mark the fs clean.
> + *
> + * Note that only this function cannot bring a filesystem to be in a clean
> + * state independently, because ext4 prevents a new handle from being started
> + * by @sb->s_frozen, which stays in an upper layer.  It thus needs help from
> + * the upper layer.
>  */
>  static int ext4_freeze(struct super_block *sb)
>  {
> --
> 1.7.4
>
>
Yongqiang Yang - April 4, 2011, 12:31 p.m.
On Sun, Apr 3, 2011 at 5:55 PM, Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> wrote:
>  Hello,
>
>  thanks for the patch. I have some suggestions for improvement below...
>
> On Fri 01-04-11 16:44:53, Yongqiang Yang wrote:
>> ext4_journal_start_sb() should not prevent active handle from being
>> started due to s_frozen.  Otherwise, deadlock is easy to happen, below
>> is a situation.
>>
>> ======================================================================
>>      freeze         |       truncate             |      kjournald
>> ======================================================================
>>                     |  ext4_ext_truncate()       |
>>     freeze_super()  |   starts a handle          |
>>     sets s_frozen   |                            |
>>                     |  ext4_ext_truncate()       |
>>                     |  holds i_data_sem          |
>>   ext4_freeze()     |                            |   commit_transaction()
>>   waits for updates |                            |   waits for i_data_sem
>>                     |  ext4_free_blocks()        |
>>                     |  calls dquot_free_block()  |
>>                     |                            |
>>                     |  dquot_free_blocks()       |
>>                     |  calls ext4_dirty_inode()  |
>>                     |                            |
>>                     |  ext4_dirty_inode()        |
>>                     |  trys to start an active   |
>>                     |  handle                    |
>>                     |                            |
>>                     |  block due to s_frozen     |
>> =======================================================================
>  Actuall, kjournald isn't needed for the deadlock at all.. Just the
> truncate and freeze threads are enough. So you can simplify the
> description.
Agree.

>
>> Messages reported by Amir:
>> while running phoronix test suite and taking a snapshot every 10 seconds,
>> the following hang happened during tiobench [64MB Random Write - 32 Threads]:
>>
>> [20868.207441] snapshot: snapshot (913) created
>> [21000.040021] [Hardware Error]: Machine check events logged
>> [21001.300039] INFO: task jbd2/sda6-8:3560 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
>> [21001.300043] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables
>> this message.
>> [21001.300048] jbd2/sda6-8     D 0000000000000000     0  3560      2 0x00000000
>> [21001.300055]  ffff880037a8fce0 0000000000000046 0000000000000000
>> ffff880100000000
>> [21001.300063]  0000000000014000 ffff880037a1bf40 ffff880037a1c2c0
>> ffff880037a8ffd8
>> [21001.300070]  ffff880037a1c2c8 0000000000014000 ffff880037a8e010
>> 0000000000014000
>> [21001.300078] Call Trace:
>> [21001.300089]  [<ffffffff8124ebcc>] jbd2_journal_commit_transaction+
>> 0x1cc/0x15d0
>> [21001.300095]  [<ffffffff815bea70>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x30/0x40
>> [21001.300102]  [<ffffffff810746dc>] ? lock_timer_base+0x3c/0x70
>> [21001.300108]  [<ffffffff81075ae0>] ? try_to_del_timer_sync+0x90/0x100
>> [21001.300113]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
>> [21001.300118]  [<ffffffff81075bf2>] ? del_timer_sync+0xa2/0xe0
>> [21001.300123]  [<ffffffff81075b50>] ? del_timer_sync+0x0/0xe0
>> [21001.300129]  [<ffffffff81254b71>] kjournald2+0xc1/0x220
>> [21001.300133]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
>> [21001.300138]  [<ffffffff81254ab0>] ? kjournald2+0x0/0x220
>> [21001.300143]  [<ffffffff810887d6>] kthread+0xb6/0xc0
>> [21001.300149]  [<ffffffff8100ce24>] kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10
>> [21001.300154]  [<ffffffff815bea70>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x30/0x40
>> [21001.300158]  [<ffffffff815bf054>] ? restore_args+0x0/0x30
>> [21001.300163]  [<ffffffff81088720>] ? kthread+0x0/0xc0
>> [21001.300167]  [<ffffffff8100ce20>] ? kernel_thread_helper+0x0/0x10
>> [21001.300171] INFO: lockdep is turned off.
>> [21001.300175] INFO: task tiotest:6277 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
>> [21001.300178] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables
>> this message.
>> [21001.300182] tiotest         D 0000000000000000     0  6277   6276 0x00000000
>> [21001.300188]  ffff88003789d9d8 0000000000000046 ffff88005b87a068
>> 0000000000000002
>> [21001.300196]  0000000000014000 ffff8800ac435ee0 ffff8800ac436260
>> ffff88003789dfd8
>> [21001.300203]  ffff8800ac436268 0000000000014000 ffff88003789c010
>> 0000000000014000
>> [21001.300211] Call Trace:
>> [21001.300216]  [<ffffffff81088fe0>] ? prepare_to_wait+0x60/0x90
>> [21001.300236]  [<ffffffffa0297745>] __next4_journal_start+0x85/0x1d0 [next4]
>> [21001.300241]  [<ffffffff815beb1b>] ? _raw_spin_unlock+0x2b/0x40
>> [21001.300246]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
>> [21001.300259]  [<ffffffffa027d98e>] next4_dirty_inode+0x2e/0x70 [next4]
>> [21001.300266]  [<ffffffff811942e8>] __mark_inode_dirty+0x38/0x220
>> [21001.300283]  [<ffffffffa02af022>] __next4_free_blocks+0xb42/0xeb0 [next4]
>> [21001.300300]  [<ffffffffa02a297e>] next4_ext_truncate+0x8ce/0xa90 [next4]
>> [21001.300315]  [<ffffffffa0283921>] next4_truncate+0x601/0x860 [next4]
>> [21001.300331]  [<ffffffffa02a6da3>] ? __next4_handle_dirty_metadata+0x83/0x1d0
>> [next4]
>> [21001.300344]  [<ffffffffa027ccc0>] ? next4_mark_iloc_dirty+0x480/0x6b0 [next4]
>> [21001.300358]  [<ffffffffa027d7b6>] ? next4_mark_inode_dirty+0xa6/0x250 [next4]
>> [21001.300372]  [<ffffffffa0285c00>] next4_evict_inode+0x3a0/0x490 [next4]
>> [21001.300378]  [<ffffffff81186c44>] evict+0x24/0xb0
>> [21001.300382]  [<ffffffff811872a6>] iput+0x1f6/0x2f0
>> [21001.300388]  [<ffffffff8117b06f>] do_unlinkat+0x11f/0x1e0
>> [21001.300394]  [<ffffffff815be0d9>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_thunk+0x3a/0x3f
>> [21001.300399]  [<ffffffff8117b146>] sys_unlink+0x16/0x20
>> [21001.300405]  [<ffffffff8100bf82>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
>> [21001.300408] INFO: lockdep is turned off.
>> [21001.300411] INFO: task chsnap:6510 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
>> [21001.300414] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables
>> this message.
>> [21001.300418] chsnap          D 0000000000000000     0  6510   6481 0x00000000
>> [21001.300424]  ffff8800ac2ffba8 0000000000000046 0000000000000000
>> ffff880107fe5688
>> [21001.300431]  0000000000014000 ffff8800ac599fa0 ffff8800ac59a320
>> [21001.300439]  ffff8800ac59a328 0000000000014000 ffff8800ac2fe010
>> 0000000000014000
>> [21001.300447] Call Trace:
>> [21001.300452]  [<ffffffff8124cc55>] jbd2_journal_lock_updates+0x95/0x100
>> [21001.300457]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
>> [21001.300473]  [<ffffffffa0295756>] next4_freeze+0x46/0xa0 [next4]
>> [21001.300479]  [<ffffffff811a27e4>] ? __sync_blockdev+0x24/0x50
>> [21001.300484]  [<ffffffff8116ec2d>] freeze_super+0x7d/0x100
>> [21001.300500]  [<ffffffffa02bbe48>] next4_snapshot_take+0x268/0xa70 [next4]
>> [21001.300506]  [<ffffffff8124c910>] ? jbd2_journal_stop+0x1e0/0x2c0
>> [21001.300520]  [<ffffffffa0287558>] next4_ioctl+0xc28/0xcc0 [next4]
>> [21001.300527]  [<ffffffff812f66b4>] ? do_raw_spin_lock+0x54/0x150
>> [21001.300532]  [<ffffffff8117e175>] do_vfs_ioctl+0xa5/0x5a0
>> [21001.300537]  [<ffffffff8109e6ad>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10
>> [21001.300542]  [<ffffffff8116dc5c>] ? fget_light+0x1ec/0x370
>> [21001.300547]  [<ffffffff8117e711>] sys_ioctl+0xa1/0xb0
>> [21001.300552]  [<ffffffff8100bf82>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
>> [21001.300555] INFO: lockdep is turned off.
>  Not sure these traces are needed in the changelog. The description in the
> beginning seems to be enough to understand the problem so I'd prefer a
> shorter description. But I leave this up to you.
Agree.
>
>> Reported-by: Amir Goldstein <amir73il@users.sf.net>
>> Signed-off-by: Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com>
>> ---
>>  fs/ext4/super.c |   49 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
>>  1 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
>> index ccfa686..f35b53e 100644
>> --- a/fs/ext4/super.c
>> +++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
>> @@ -242,27 +242,49 @@ static void ext4_put_nojournal(handle_t *handle)
>>   * journal_end calls result in the superblock being marked dirty, so
>>   * that sync() will call the filesystem's write_super callback if
>>   * appropriate.
>> + *
>> + * To avoid j_barrier hold in userspace when a user calls freeze(),
>> + * ext4 prevents a new handle from being started by s_frozen, which
>> + * is in an upper layer.
>>   */
>>  handle_t *ext4_journal_start_sb(struct super_block *sb, int nblocks)
>>  {
>>       journal_t *journal;
>> +     handle_t  *handle;
>>
>>       if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
>>               return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
>>
>> -     vfs_check_frozen(sb, SB_FREEZE_TRANS);
>> -     /* Special case here: if the journal has aborted behind our
>> -      * backs (eg. EIO in the commit thread), then we still need to
>> -      * take the FS itself readonly cleanly. */
>>       journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal;
>> -     if (journal) {
>> -             if (is_journal_aborted(journal)) {
>> -                     ext4_abort(sb, "Detected aborted journal");
>> -                     return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
>> -             }
>> -             return jbd2_journal_start(journal, nblocks);
>> +     if (!journal)
>> +             /*
>> +              * Under no-journal mode, vfs_check_frozen() is not neeed.
>> +              */
>  Why is this? Previously we waited also in the nojournal case and I don't
> see anything that would stop modifications in the nojournal case after your
> change...

I think that ext4 in the nojournal case should do as filesystems
without journal, such as ext2.   ext4_ext_truncate() upwrite
i_data_sem only if ext4_journal_extend() fails before
ext4_journal_restart() is called, ext4_journal_extend() however always
succeeds in nojournal case.

I am not sure if I am right.

>
>> +             return ext4_get_nojournal();
>> +
>> +     /*
>> +      * Before vfs_check_frozen(), the current handle should be allowed
>> +      * to finish, otherwise deadlock would happen when the filesystem
>> +      * is freezed && active handles are not stopped.
>> +      */
>> +     handle = ext4_journal_current_handle();
>> +     if (handle) {
>> +             BUG_ON(!(handle->h_transaction->t_journal == journal));
>> +             handle->h_ref++;
>> +             return handle;
>  Please use jbd2_journal_start() to get the reference for you (although I
> agree it's slightly inefficient). I don't like messing with JBD2 internals
> like handle use counts in ext4.
Agree.

Thank you.
>
>>       }
>> -     return ext4_get_nojournal();
>> +
>> +     /*
>> +      * Special case here: if the journal has aborted behind our
>> +      * backs (eg. EIO in the commit thread), then we still need to
>> +      * take the FS itself readonly cleanly.
>> +      */
>> +     vfs_check_frozen(sb, SB_FREEZE_TRANS);
>> +     if (is_journal_aborted(journal)) {
>> +             ext4_abort(sb, "Detected aborted journal");
>> +             return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
>> +     }
>> +     return jbd2_journal_start(journal, nblocks);
>>  }
>>
>>  /*
>> @@ -4131,6 +4153,11 @@ static int ext4_sync_fs(struct super_block *sb, int wait)
>>  /*
>>   * LVM calls this function before a (read-only) snapshot is created.  This
>>   * gives us a chance to flush the journal completely and mark the fs clean.
>> + *
>> + * Note that only this function cannot bring a filesystem to be in a clean
>> + * state independently, because ext4 prevents a new handle from being started
>> + * by @sb->s_frozen, which stays in an upper layer.  It thus needs help from
>> + * the upper layer.
>>   */
>>  static int ext4_freeze(struct super_block *sb)
>>  {
>
>                                                                        Honza
> --
> Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
> SUSE Labs, CR
>
Jan Kara - April 4, 2011, 2:09 p.m.
On Mon 04-04-11 20:31:41, Yongqiang Yang wrote:
> >> Reported-by: Amir Goldstein <amir73il@users.sf.net>
> >> Signed-off-by: Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com>
> >> ---
> >>  fs/ext4/super.c |   49 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
> >>  1 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
> >> index ccfa686..f35b53e 100644
> >> --- a/fs/ext4/super.c
> >> +++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
> >> @@ -242,27 +242,49 @@ static void ext4_put_nojournal(handle_t *handle)
> >>   * journal_end calls result in the superblock being marked dirty, so
> >>   * that sync() will call the filesystem's write_super callback if
> >>   * appropriate.
> >> + *
> >> + * To avoid j_barrier hold in userspace when a user calls freeze(),
> >> + * ext4 prevents a new handle from being started by s_frozen, which
> >> + * is in an upper layer.
> >>   */
> >>  handle_t *ext4_journal_start_sb(struct super_block *sb, int nblocks)
> >>  {
> >>       journal_t *journal;
> >> +     handle_t  *handle;
> >>
> >>       if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
> >>               return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
> >>
> >> -     vfs_check_frozen(sb, SB_FREEZE_TRANS);
> >> -     /* Special case here: if the journal has aborted behind our
> >> -      * backs (eg. EIO in the commit thread), then we still need to
> >> -      * take the FS itself readonly cleanly. */
> >>       journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal;
> >> -     if (journal) {
> >> -             if (is_journal_aborted(journal)) {
> >> -                     ext4_abort(sb, "Detected aborted journal");
> >> -                     return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
> >> -             }
> >> -             return jbd2_journal_start(journal, nblocks);
> >> +     if (!journal)
> >> +             /*
> >> +              * Under no-journal mode, vfs_check_frozen() is not neeed.
> >> +              */
> >  Why is this? Previously we waited also in the nojournal case and I don't
> > see anything that would stop modifications in the nojournal case after your
> > change...
> 
> I think that ext4 in the nojournal case should do as filesystems
> without journal, such as ext2.   ext4_ext_truncate() upwrite
  But ext2 does not support filesystem freezing...

> i_data_sem only if ext4_journal_extend() fails before
> ext4_journal_restart() is called, ext4_journal_extend() however always
> succeeds in nojournal case.
  OK, but again, I'm failing to see how i_data_sem behavior is relevant
for waiting if a filesystem is frozen... So to be clear I believe we must
do vfs_check_frozen() even in nojournal case if and only if the handle
reference count is 0 (it's stored directly in current->journal_info in
nojournal mode).

									Honza
Yongqiang Yang - April 5, 2011, 5:45 a.m.
On Mon, Apr 4, 2011 at 10:09 PM, Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> wrote:
> On Mon 04-04-11 20:31:41, Yongqiang Yang wrote:
>> >> Reported-by: Amir Goldstein <amir73il@users.sf.net>
>> >> Signed-off-by: Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com>
>> >> ---
>> >>  fs/ext4/super.c |   49 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
>> >>  1 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>> >>
>> >> diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
>> >> index ccfa686..f35b53e 100644
>> >> --- a/fs/ext4/super.c
>> >> +++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
>> >> @@ -242,27 +242,49 @@ static void ext4_put_nojournal(handle_t *handle)
>> >>   * journal_end calls result in the superblock being marked dirty, so
>> >>   * that sync() will call the filesystem's write_super callback if
>> >>   * appropriate.
>> >> + *
>> >> + * To avoid j_barrier hold in userspace when a user calls freeze(),
>> >> + * ext4 prevents a new handle from being started by s_frozen, which
>> >> + * is in an upper layer.
>> >>   */
>> >>  handle_t *ext4_journal_start_sb(struct super_block *sb, int nblocks)
>> >>  {
>> >>       journal_t *journal;
>> >> +     handle_t  *handle;
>> >>
>> >>       if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
>> >>               return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
>> >>
>> >> -     vfs_check_frozen(sb, SB_FREEZE_TRANS);
>> >> -     /* Special case here: if the journal has aborted behind our
>> >> -      * backs (eg. EIO in the commit thread), then we still need to
>> >> -      * take the FS itself readonly cleanly. */
>> >>       journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal;
>> >> -     if (journal) {
>> >> -             if (is_journal_aborted(journal)) {
>> >> -                     ext4_abort(sb, "Detected aborted journal");
>> >> -                     return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
>> >> -             }
>> >> -             return jbd2_journal_start(journal, nblocks);
>> >> +     if (!journal)
>> >> +             /*
>> >> +              * Under no-journal mode, vfs_check_frozen() is not neeed.
>> >> +              */
>> >  Why is this? Previously we waited also in the nojournal case and I don't
>> > see anything that would stop modifications in the nojournal case after your
>> > change...
>>
>> I think that ext4 in the nojournal case should do as filesystems
>> without journal, such as ext2.   ext4_ext_truncate() upwrite
>  But ext2 does not support filesystem freezing...
>
>> i_data_sem only if ext4_journal_extend() fails before
>> ext4_journal_restart() is called, ext4_journal_extend() however always
>> succeeds in nojournal case.
>  OK, but again, I'm failing to see how i_data_sem behavior is relevant
> for waiting if a filesystem is frozen... So to be clear I believe we must
> do vfs_check_frozen() even in nojournal case if and only if the handle
> reference count is 0 (it's stored directly in current->journal_info in
> nojournal mode).

My ignorance,  I made analysis on i_data_sem under the assumption that
ext3 supports filesystem freezing.


>
>                                                                        Honza
> --
> Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
> SUSE Labs, CR
>

Patch

======================================================================
     freeze         |       truncate             |      kjournald
======================================================================
                    |  ext4_ext_truncate()       |
    freeze_super()  |   starts a handle          |
    sets s_frozen   |                            |
                    |  ext4_ext_truncate()       |
                    |  holds i_data_sem          |
  ext4_freeze()     |                            |   commit_transaction()
  waits for updates |                            |   waits for i_data_sem
                    |  ext4_free_blocks()        |
                    |  calls dquot_free_block()  |
                    |                            |
                    |  dquot_free_blocks()       |
                    |  calls ext4_dirty_inode()  |
                    |                            |
                    |  ext4_dirty_inode()        |
                    |  trys to start an active   |
                    |  handle                    |
                    |                            |
                    |  block due to s_frozen     |
=======================================================================

Messages reported by Amir:
while running phoronix test suite and taking a snapshot every 10 seconds,
the following hang happened during tiobench [64MB Random Write - 32 Threads]:

[20868.207441] snapshot: snapshot (913) created
[21000.040021] [Hardware Error]: Machine check events logged
[21001.300039] INFO: task jbd2/sda6-8:3560 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
[21001.300043] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables
this message.
[21001.300048] jbd2/sda6-8     D 0000000000000000     0  3560      2 0x00000000
[21001.300055]  ffff880037a8fce0 0000000000000046 0000000000000000
ffff880100000000
[21001.300063]  0000000000014000 ffff880037a1bf40 ffff880037a1c2c0
ffff880037a8ffd8
[21001.300070]  ffff880037a1c2c8 0000000000014000 ffff880037a8e010
0000000000014000
[21001.300078] Call Trace:
[21001.300089]  [<ffffffff8124ebcc>] jbd2_journal_commit_transaction+
0x1cc/0x15d0
[21001.300095]  [<ffffffff815bea70>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x30/0x40
[21001.300102]  [<ffffffff810746dc>] ? lock_timer_base+0x3c/0x70
[21001.300108]  [<ffffffff81075ae0>] ? try_to_del_timer_sync+0x90/0x100
[21001.300113]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
[21001.300118]  [<ffffffff81075bf2>] ? del_timer_sync+0xa2/0xe0
[21001.300123]  [<ffffffff81075b50>] ? del_timer_sync+0x0/0xe0
[21001.300129]  [<ffffffff81254b71>] kjournald2+0xc1/0x220
[21001.300133]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
[21001.300138]  [<ffffffff81254ab0>] ? kjournald2+0x0/0x220
[21001.300143]  [<ffffffff810887d6>] kthread+0xb6/0xc0
[21001.300149]  [<ffffffff8100ce24>] kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10
[21001.300154]  [<ffffffff815bea70>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x30/0x40
[21001.300158]  [<ffffffff815bf054>] ? restore_args+0x0/0x30
[21001.300163]  [<ffffffff81088720>] ? kthread+0x0/0xc0
[21001.300167]  [<ffffffff8100ce20>] ? kernel_thread_helper+0x0/0x10
[21001.300171] INFO: lockdep is turned off.
[21001.300175] INFO: task tiotest:6277 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
[21001.300178] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables
this message.
[21001.300182] tiotest         D 0000000000000000     0  6277   6276 0x00000000
[21001.300188]  ffff88003789d9d8 0000000000000046 ffff88005b87a068
0000000000000002
[21001.300196]  0000000000014000 ffff8800ac435ee0 ffff8800ac436260
ffff88003789dfd8
[21001.300203]  ffff8800ac436268 0000000000014000 ffff88003789c010
0000000000014000
[21001.300211] Call Trace:
[21001.300216]  [<ffffffff81088fe0>] ? prepare_to_wait+0x60/0x90
[21001.300236]  [<ffffffffa0297745>] __next4_journal_start+0x85/0x1d0 [next4]
[21001.300241]  [<ffffffff815beb1b>] ? _raw_spin_unlock+0x2b/0x40
[21001.300246]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
[21001.300259]  [<ffffffffa027d98e>] next4_dirty_inode+0x2e/0x70 [next4]
[21001.300266]  [<ffffffff811942e8>] __mark_inode_dirty+0x38/0x220
[21001.300283]  [<ffffffffa02af022>] __next4_free_blocks+0xb42/0xeb0 [next4]
[21001.300300]  [<ffffffffa02a297e>] next4_ext_truncate+0x8ce/0xa90 [next4]
[21001.300315]  [<ffffffffa0283921>] next4_truncate+0x601/0x860 [next4]
[21001.300331]  [<ffffffffa02a6da3>] ? __next4_handle_dirty_metadata+0x83/0x1d0
[next4]
[21001.300344]  [<ffffffffa027ccc0>] ? next4_mark_iloc_dirty+0x480/0x6b0 [next4]
[21001.300358]  [<ffffffffa027d7b6>] ? next4_mark_inode_dirty+0xa6/0x250 [next4]
[21001.300372]  [<ffffffffa0285c00>] next4_evict_inode+0x3a0/0x490 [next4]
[21001.300378]  [<ffffffff81186c44>] evict+0x24/0xb0
[21001.300382]  [<ffffffff811872a6>] iput+0x1f6/0x2f0
[21001.300388]  [<ffffffff8117b06f>] do_unlinkat+0x11f/0x1e0
[21001.300394]  [<ffffffff815be0d9>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_thunk+0x3a/0x3f
[21001.300399]  [<ffffffff8117b146>] sys_unlink+0x16/0x20
[21001.300405]  [<ffffffff8100bf82>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
[21001.300408] INFO: lockdep is turned off.
[21001.300411] INFO: task chsnap:6510 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
[21001.300414] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables
this message.
[21001.300418] chsnap          D 0000000000000000     0  6510   6481 0x00000000
[21001.300424]  ffff8800ac2ffba8 0000000000000046 0000000000000000
ffff880107fe5688
[21001.300431]  0000000000014000 ffff8800ac599fa0 ffff8800ac59a320
[21001.300439]  ffff8800ac59a328 0000000000014000 ffff8800ac2fe010
0000000000014000
[21001.300447] Call Trace:
[21001.300452]  [<ffffffff8124cc55>] jbd2_journal_lock_updates+0x95/0x100
[21001.300457]  [<ffffffff81088d30>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
[21001.300473]  [<ffffffffa0295756>] next4_freeze+0x46/0xa0 [next4]
[21001.300479]  [<ffffffff811a27e4>] ? __sync_blockdev+0x24/0x50
[21001.300484]  [<ffffffff8116ec2d>] freeze_super+0x7d/0x100
[21001.300500]  [<ffffffffa02bbe48>] next4_snapshot_take+0x268/0xa70 [next4]
[21001.300506]  [<ffffffff8124c910>] ? jbd2_journal_stop+0x1e0/0x2c0
[21001.300520]  [<ffffffffa0287558>] next4_ioctl+0xc28/0xcc0 [next4]
[21001.300527]  [<ffffffff812f66b4>] ? do_raw_spin_lock+0x54/0x150
[21001.300532]  [<ffffffff8117e175>] do_vfs_ioctl+0xa5/0x5a0
[21001.300537]  [<ffffffff8109e6ad>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10
[21001.300542]  [<ffffffff8116dc5c>] ? fget_light+0x1ec/0x370
[21001.300547]  [<ffffffff8117e711>] sys_ioctl+0xa1/0xb0
[21001.300552]  [<ffffffff8100bf82>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
[21001.300555] INFO: lockdep is turned off.

Reported-by: Amir Goldstein <amir73il@users.sf.net>
Signed-off-by: Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com>
---
 fs/ext4/super.c |   49 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 1 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
index ccfa686..f35b53e 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/super.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
@@ -242,27 +242,49 @@  static void ext4_put_nojournal(handle_t *handle)
  * journal_end calls result in the superblock being marked dirty, so
  * that sync() will call the filesystem's write_super callback if
  * appropriate.
+ *
+ * To avoid j_barrier hold in userspace when a user calls freeze(),
+ * ext4 prevents a new handle from being started by s_frozen, which
+ * is in an upper layer.
  */
 handle_t *ext4_journal_start_sb(struct super_block *sb, int nblocks)
 {
 	journal_t *journal;
+	handle_t  *handle;
 
 	if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
 		return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
 
-	vfs_check_frozen(sb, SB_FREEZE_TRANS);
-	/* Special case here: if the journal has aborted behind our
-	 * backs (eg. EIO in the commit thread), then we still need to
-	 * take the FS itself readonly cleanly. */
 	journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal;
-	if (journal) {
-		if (is_journal_aborted(journal)) {
-			ext4_abort(sb, "Detected aborted journal");
-			return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
-		}
-		return jbd2_journal_start(journal, nblocks);
+	if (!journal)
+		/*
+		 * Under no-journal mode, vfs_check_frozen() is not neeed.
+		 */
+		return ext4_get_nojournal();
+
+	/*
+	 * Before vfs_check_frozen(), the current handle should be allowed
+	 * to finish, otherwise deadlock would happen when the filesystem
+	 * is freezed && active handles are not stopped.
+	 */
+	handle = ext4_journal_current_handle();
+	if (handle) {
+		BUG_ON(!(handle->h_transaction->t_journal == journal));
+		handle->h_ref++;
+		return handle;
 	}
-	return ext4_get_nojournal();
+
+	/*
+	 * Special case here: if the journal has aborted behind our
+	 * backs (eg. EIO in the commit thread), then we still need to
+	 * take the FS itself readonly cleanly.
+	 */
+	vfs_check_frozen(sb, SB_FREEZE_TRANS);
+	if (is_journal_aborted(journal)) {
+		ext4_abort(sb, "Detected aborted journal");
+		return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
+	}
+	return jbd2_journal_start(journal, nblocks);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -4131,6 +4153,11 @@  static int ext4_sync_fs(struct super_block *sb, int wait)
 /*
  * LVM calls this function before a (read-only) snapshot is created.  This
  * gives us a chance to flush the journal completely and mark the fs clean.
+ *
+ * Note that only this function cannot bring a filesystem to be in a clean
+ * state independently, because ext4 prevents a new handle from being started
+ * by @sb->s_frozen, which stays in an upper layer.  It thus needs help from
+ * the upper layer.
  */
 static int ext4_freeze(struct super_block *sb)
 {