[v2,2/2] iio: chemical: sgp30: Support Sensirion SGPxx sensors

Message ID 58a6dcdc4097d60e7bcee61ec1d0cbdf8ad3ae49.camel@elementarea.net
State Changes Requested, archived
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  • Untitled series #33065
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Commit Message

Andreas Brauchli March 10, 2018, 10:07 p.m.
Support Sensirion SGP30 and SGPC3 multi-pixel I2C gas sensors

Supported Features:

* Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) concentrations for
  - tVOC (in_concentration_voc_input)
  - CO2eq (in_concentration_co2_input) - SGP30 only
  IAQ concentrations are periodically read out by a background thread
  to allow the sensor to maintain its internal baseline.
* Baseline support for IAQ (in_iaq_baseline, set_iaq_baseline)
* Gas concentration signals
  - Ethanol (in_concentration_ethanol_raw)
  - H2 (in_concentration_h2_raw) - SGP30 only
* On-chip self test (in_selftest)
* Sensor interface version (in_feature_set_version)
* Sensor serial number (in_serial_id)
* Humidity compensation
  With the help of an external humidity signal, the gas signals can be
  humidity-compensated. The sensor performs the compensation on-chip.
* Power mode switching between low power mode (1/2Hz) and
  ultra low power mode (1/30Hz) sampling - SGPC3 only
* Checksummed I2C communication

For all features, refer to the data sheet or the documentation in
Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt for more details.

The ABI is documented in
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30

Signed-off-by: Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
---
 .../ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30       |   62 ++
 .../bindings/iio/chemical/sensirion,sgp30.txt      |   15 +
 Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt               |   97 ++
 drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig                       |   13 +
 drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile                      |    1 +
 drivers/iio/chemical/sgp30.c                       | 1120 ++++++++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 1308 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30
 create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/chemical/sensirion,sgp30.txt
 create mode 100644 Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt
 create mode 100644 drivers/iio/chemical/sgp30.c

Comments

Jonathan Cameron March 11, 2018, 11:42 a.m. | #1
On Sat, 10 Mar 2018 23:07:30 +0100
Andreas Brauchli <a.brauchli@elementarea.net> wrote:

> Support Sensirion SGP30 and SGPC3 multi-pixel I2C gas sensors
> 
> Supported Features:
> 
> * Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) concentrations for
>   - tVOC (in_concentration_voc_input)
>   - CO2eq (in_concentration_co2_input) - SGP30 only
>   IAQ concentrations are periodically read out by a background thread
>   to allow the sensor to maintain its internal baseline.
> * Baseline support for IAQ (in_iaq_baseline, set_iaq_baseline)
> * Gas concentration signals
>   - Ethanol (in_concentration_ethanol_raw)
>   - H2 (in_concentration_h2_raw) - SGP30 only
> * On-chip self test (in_selftest)
> * Sensor interface version (in_feature_set_version)
> * Sensor serial number (in_serial_id)
> * Humidity compensation
>   With the help of an external humidity signal, the gas signals can be
>   humidity-compensated. The sensor performs the compensation on-chip.
> * Power mode switching between low power mode (1/2Hz) and
>   ultra low power mode (1/30Hz) sampling - SGPC3 only
> * Checksummed I2C communication
> 
> For all features, refer to the data sheet or the documentation in
> Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt for more details.
> 
> The ABI is documented in
> Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30
> 
> Signed-off-by: Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
Hi Andreas,

This is a fairly superficial review still as we still need to pin down
some of the userspace ABI elements rather more.
Find details in the code can wait for a later revision.

Jonathan
> ---
>  .../ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30       |   62 ++
>  .../bindings/iio/chemical/sensirion,sgp30.txt      |   15 +
>  Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt               |   97 ++
>  drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig                       |   13 +
>  drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile                      |    1 +
>  drivers/iio/chemical/sgp30.c                       | 1120 ++++++++++++++++++++
>  6 files changed, 1308 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/chemical/sensirion,sgp30.txt
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt
>  create mode 100644 drivers/iio/chemical/sgp30.c
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30 b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..3b97c0bd5878
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30
> @@ -0,0 +1,62 @@
> +what:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:devicex/in_featureset_version
> +date:		March 2018
> +kernelversion:	4.17
> +contact:	andreas brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
> +description:
> +		Retrieve the sensor interface version. The sensor-interface should
> +		remain forward-compatible across minor versions.
I'm really not keen on this.  What features are available should be apparent
from the userspace interface.

We are always interested in being able to use generic userspace code.
As such anything that requires checking a version number will inherently
mean we can't do generic code.

> +
> +what:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:devicex/in_iaq_baseline
> +date:		March 2018
> +kernelversion:	4.17
> +contact:	andreas brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
> +description:
> +		Retrieve the on-chip iaq baseline state. the baseline is an internal
> +		state that should not be modified.
Please indicate what use this is (becomes somewhat apparent from the below).

> +
> +What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/set_iaq_baseline
> +Date:		March 2018
> +KernelVersion:	4.17
> +Contact:	Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
> +Description:
> +		Restore the on-chip IAQ baseline state to a previous state. Useful for
> +		fast-resuming after a restart. A baseline is valid for one week when the
> +		sensor is not operated.
Why separate attributes to set this from that used to read it?  Just have one and
call it simply iaq_baseline.

> +
> +What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/in_selftest
> +Date:		March 2018
> +KernelVersion:	4.17
> +Contact:	Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
> +Description:
> +		Run the on-chip self test. Output values:
> +		* OK
> +		* FAILED
Usual approach on this is to do it on module probe and not otherwise.
The advantage is that we don't have a userspace interface that is difficult
for userspace applications to interpret (self tests are extremely varied
in what the return).   If there is a strong reason to do this during
normal use then let use know.
Also, it's not an input channel so selftest would be the correct name.

> +
> +What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/in_serial_id
> +Date:		March 2018
> +KernelVersion:	4.17
> +Contact:	Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
> +Description:
> +		Retrieve the unique sensor serial number. May be useful to associate
> +		with the IAQ baseline when the baseline is stored remotely or the sensor
> +		is on a plug-and-play device.
Ok, but it's not an input. Mostly we have previously had these accessible via
debugfs or printed to the log.
Probably go with the more common terminology of serial_number though.

> +
Umm. I think this one lost the What part ;)

> +Date:		March 2018
> +KernelVersion:	4.17
> +Contact:	Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
> +Description:
> +		Set the absolute humidity in milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m^3) to
> +		enable on-sensor humidity compensation. Affects all gas signals and IAQ
> +		values. Accepted values:
> +		* 0 (disables humidity compensation)
> +		* 1..256000 (mg/m^3)
> +
> +What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/set_power_mode
> +Date:		March 2018
> +KernelVersion:	4.17
> +Contact:	Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
> +Description:
> +		Change the power mode on an SGPC3 with ultra-low power mode support.
> +		Accepted values:
> +		* "low" (default/startup mode)
> +		* "ultra-low" (default/startup mode)
As ever with power modes (this one comes up a lot) how does userspace know
what to do with it?

I discuss this below - I think what we actually care about is the resulting
sampling frequency (from a userspace point of view)

> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/chemical/sensirion,sgp30.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/chemical/sensirion,sgp30.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..bb909b0f1aba
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/chemical/sensirion,sgp30.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
> +* Sensirion SGPxx multi-pixel Gas Sensor
> +
> +Required properties:
> +
> +  - compatible: must be one of
> +    "sensirion,sgp30"
> +    "sensirion,sgpc3"
> +  - reg: the I2C address of the sensor
> +
> +Example:
> +
> +sgpxx@58 {
> +	compatible = "sensirion,sgp30";
> +	reg = <0x58>;
> +};
Device tree bindings should be a separate patch to make it easy for the devicetree maintainers
to review.

> diff --git a/Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt b/Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..c236f7d0fa80
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,97 @@
> +sgp30: Industrial IO driver for Sensirion I2C Multi-Pixel Gas Sensors
> +
> +1. Overview
> +
> +The sgp30 driver supports the Sensirion SGP30 and SGPC3 multi-pixel gas sensors.
> +
> +2. Modes of Operation
> +
> +Postprocessed Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) gas concentrations as well as raw gas
> +signals are available. Both signals can be humidity-compensated by the sensor.
> +
> +2.1. IAQ Gas Concentrations
> +
> +* tVOC (in_concentration_voc_input) at ppb precision (1e-9)
> +* CO2eq (in_concentration_co2_input) at ppm precision (1e-6) -- SGP30 only

> +
> +2.1.1. IAQ Initialization
> +Before Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) values can be read, the IAQ mode must be
> +initialized by sending the "iaq_init" command from the data sheet to the sensor.
> +The sgp30 driver performs this initialization automatically on instantiation.
> +
> +After initializing IAQ, at least one IAQ signal must be read out every second
> +(SGP30) / every two seconds (SGPC3) for the sensor to correctly maintain its
> +internal baseline. The driver continuously performs this task in a background
> +thread and caches the latest measurement for retrieval.
> +
> +For the first 15s of operation after "iaq_init", default values are returned by
> +the sensor. Default values are not returned by the driver, instead an -EBUSY
> +error is returned.
Good - that's a sensible move.

> +
> +2.1.2. Pausing and Resuming IAQ
> +
> +For best performance and faster subsequent startup times, the baseline should be
> +saved once every hour, after 12h of operation. The baseline is restored by
> +writing the last known baseline back to set_iaq_baseline.
> +
> +    Saving the baseline:
> +    $ baseline=$(cat in_iaq_baseline)
> +
> +    Restoring the baseline:
> +    $ echo -n $baseline > set_iaq_baseline
As mentioned above, separate files for read and write makes no sense.
Use one for both.

> +
> +2.2. Humidity Compensation
> +
> +The SGP features an on-chip humidity compensation that requires the (in-device)
> +environment's absolute humidity.
> +
> +Set the absolute humidity by writing the absolute humidity concentration (in
> +mg/m^3) to set_absolute_humidity. The absolute humidity is obtained by
> +converting the relative humidity and temperature. The following units are used:
> +AH in mg/m^3, RH in percent (0..100), T in degrees Celsius, and exp() being the
> +base-e exponential function.
> +
> +                  RH            exp(17.62 * T)
> +                ----- * 6.112 * --------------
> +                100.0            243.12 + T
> +  AH = 216.7 * ------------------------------- * 1000
> +                        273.15 + T
> +
> +Writing a value of 0 to set_absolute_humidity disables the humidity
> +compensation. Devices not supporting humidity compensation (SGPC3 with feature
> +set < 0.6) will report an error (-EINVAL) when setting the humidity.
Devices not supporting humidity should not provide a sysfs file to write it.
That should be all the indication needed to establish this function doesn't
exist.

> +
> +2.3. On-chip self test
> +
> +    $ cat in_selftest
> +
> +in_selftest returns OK or FAILED.
> +
> +On the SGP30, self test interferes with IAQ operations and requires a
> +re-initialization thereof. If a valid baseline is available (after 12h of
> +operation), the driver will take care of resuming the operation after the
> +selftest, otherwise the "iaq_init" procedure will be restarted.
> +
> +2.4 SGPC3 Low Power Gas Sensor Features
> +
> +2.4.1 Accelerated Startup
> +
> +The SGPC3 can be pre-heated differently by writing a duration to the
> +set_iaq_preheat_seconds attribute. Pre-heating causes the sensor to draw more
Get rid of the set - writing to a file makes this obvious.  Reading that file
should tell us what it is set to.


> +power but results in more accurate readings, thus also marketed as accelerated
> +startup mode. Sensors prior to feature set 0.6 allow pre-heating durations of 0,
> +16, 64 and 184s (other values rounded to the next higher setting). Feature set
> +0.6 allows pre-heating for all integer durations up to 300s (a software limit).
I hope there is an available attribute to let userspace know what options exist?

> +
> +Pre-heating occurs on IAQ initialization, thus after changing the power mode or
> +setting an IAQ baseline. When the sensor has been operated for a duration of
> +12h or more, it is not necessary to pre-heat after short down periods (e.g.
> +reboots of < 5min.)
> +
> +2.4.2 Ultra Low Power Mode (SGPC3 Feature Set 0.6+)
> +
> +The SGPC3 with feature set 0.6+ features an ultra-low-power mode in which the
> +sensor is only polled every 30s instead of every 2s. The polling interval in the
> +background thread is adjusted by the driver when changing the power mode with
> +set_power_mode. Supported options: {"low", "ultra-low"}. Changing the power mode
> +on sensors without power-mode switching results in an -EINVAL error.

That is hard to support cleanly as any generic userspace will have no idea of
what to do with this.  Hmm. We'll have to think about how to do this cleanly.
Could do it via sampling_frequency as I think that is what userspace will care
about.

> diff --git a/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig
> index 5cb5be7612b4..6f0e2d1240bd 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig
> @@ -38,6 +38,19 @@ config IAQCORE
>  	  iAQ-Core Continuous/Pulsed VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds)
>  	  sensors
>  
> +config SENSIRION_SGP30
> +	tristate "Sensirion SGPxx gas sensors"
> +	depends on I2C
> +	select CRC8
> +	help
> +	  Say Y here to build I2C interface support for the following
> +	  Sensirion SGP gas sensors:
> +	    * SGP30 gas sensor
> +	    * SGPC3 low power gas sensor
> +
> +	  To compile this driver as module, choose M here: the
> +	  module will be called sgp30.
> +
>  config VZ89X
>  	tristate "SGX Sensortech MiCS VZ89X VOC sensor"
>  	depends on I2C
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile b/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile
> index a629b29d1e0b..9aeb3fce1408 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile
> @@ -6,4 +6,5 @@
>  obj-$(CONFIG_ATLAS_PH_SENSOR)	+= atlas-ph-sensor.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_CCS811)		+= ccs811.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_IAQCORE)		+= ams-iaq-core.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SENSIRION_SGP30)	+= sgp30.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_VZ89X)		+= vz89x.o
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/chemical/sgp30.c b/drivers/iio/chemical/sgp30.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..f336a89ad906
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/iio/chemical/sgp30.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,1120 @@
> +/*
> + * sgp30.c - Support for Sensirion SGP Gas Sensors
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2017 Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
> + * (at your option) any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
Consider changing to SPDX license identifiers rather than the standard block
of text.

> + *
> + * Datasheets:
> + * https://www.sensirion.com/file/datasheet_sgp30
> + * https://www.sensirion.com/file/datasheet_sgpc3
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/crc8.h>
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
> +#include <linux/kthread.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/i2c.h>
> +#include <linux/of_device.h>
> +#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
> +#include <linux/iio/buffer.h>
> +#include <linux/iio/sysfs.h>
> +#include <linux/string.h>
> +#include <linux/version.h>
> +
> +#define SGP_WORD_LEN				2
> +#define SGP_CRC8_POLYNOMIAL			0x31
> +#define SGP_CRC8_INIT				0xff
> +#define SGP_CRC8_LEN				1
> +#define SGP_CMD(cmd_word)			cpu_to_be16(cmd_word)
> +#define SGP_CMD_DURATION_US			12000
> +#define SGP_MEASUREMENT_DURATION_US		50000
> +#define SGP_SELFTEST_DURATION_US		220000
> +#define SGP_CMD_HANDLING_DURATION_US		10000
> +#define SGP_CMD_LEN				SGP_WORD_LEN
> +#define SGP_CMD_MAX_BUF_SIZE			(SGP_CMD_LEN + 2 * SGP_WORD_LEN)
> +#define SGP_MEASUREMENT_LEN			2
> +#define SGP30_MEASURE_INTERVAL_HZ		1
> +#define SGPC3_MEASURE_INTERVAL_HZ		2
> +#define SGPC3_MEASURE_ULP_INTERVAL_HZ		30
> +#define SGPC3_POWER_MODE_ULTRA_LOW_POWER	0
> +#define SGPC3_POWER_MODE_LOW_POWER		1
> +#define SGPC3_DEFAULT_IAQ_INIT_DURATION_HZ	64
> +#define SGP_SELFTEST_OK				0xd400
> +#define SGP_VERS_PRODUCT(data)	((((data)->feature_set) & 0xf000) >> 12)
> +#define SGP_VERS_RESERVED(data)	((((data)->feature_set) & 0x0e00) >> 9)
> +#define SGP_VERS_ENG_BIT(data)	((((data)->feature_set) & 0x0100) >> 8)
> +#define SGP_VERS_MAJOR(data)	((((data)->feature_set) & 0x00e0) >> 5)
> +#define SGP_VERS_MINOR(data)	(((data)->feature_set) & 0x001f)
> +
> +DECLARE_CRC8_TABLE(sgp_crc8_table);
> +
> +enum sgp_product_id {
> +	SGP30 = 0,
> +	SGPC3,
> +};
> +
> +enum sgp30_channel_idx {
> +	SGP30_IAQ_TVOC_IDX = 0,
> +	SGP30_IAQ_CO2EQ_IDX,
> +	SGP30_SIG_ETOH_IDX,
> +	SGP30_SIG_H2_IDX,
> +};
> +
> +enum sgpc3_channel_idx {
> +	SGPC3_IAQ_TVOC_IDX = 10,
> +	SGPC3_SIG_ETOH_IDX,
> +};
> +
> +enum sgp_cmd {
> +	SGP_CMD_IAQ_INIT		= SGP_CMD(0x2003),
> +	SGP_CMD_IAQ_MEASURE		= SGP_CMD(0x2008),
> +	SGP_CMD_GET_BASELINE		= SGP_CMD(0x2015),
> +	SGP_CMD_SET_BASELINE		= SGP_CMD(0x201e),
> +	SGP_CMD_GET_FEATURE_SET		= SGP_CMD(0x202f),
> +	SGP_CMD_GET_SERIAL_ID		= SGP_CMD(0x3682),
> +	SGP_CMD_SELFTEST		= SGP_CMD(0x2032),
> +	SGP_CMD_SET_ABSOLUTE_HUMIDITY	= SGP_CMD(0x2061),
> +
> +	SGP30_CMD_MEASURE_SIGNAL	= SGP_CMD(0x2050),
> +
> +	SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_0		= SGP_CMD(0x2089),
> +	SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_16		= SGP_CMD(0x2024),
> +	SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_64		= SGP_CMD(0x2003),
> +	SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_184		= SGP_CMD(0x206a),
> +	SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_CONTINUOUS	= SGP_CMD(0x20ae),
> +	SGPC3_CMD_MEASURE_RAW		= SGP_CMD(0x2046),
> +	SGPC3_CMD_SET_POWER_MODE	= SGP_CMD(0x209f),
> +};
> +
> +struct sgp_version {
> +	u8 major;
> +	u8 minor;
> +};
> +
> +struct sgp_crc_word {
> +	__be16 value;
> +	u8 crc8;
> +} __attribute__((__packed__));
> +
> +union sgp_reading {
> +	u8 start;
> +	struct sgp_crc_word raw_words[4];
> +};
> +
> +enum _iaq_buffer_state {
> +	IAQ_BUFFER_EMPTY = 0,
> +	IAQ_BUFFER_DEFAULT_VALS,
> +	IAQ_BUFFER_VALID,
> +};
> +
> +struct sgp_data {
> +	struct i2c_client *client;
> +	struct task_struct *iaq_thread;
> +	struct mutex data_lock;
> +	unsigned long iaq_init_start_jiffies;
> +	unsigned long iaq_init_duration_jiffies;
> +	unsigned long iaq_defval_skip_jiffies;
> +	u64 serial_id;
> +	void (*iaq_init_fn)(struct sgp_data *data);
> +	u32 iaq_init_user_duration;
> +	u16 product_id;
> +	u16 feature_set;
> +	unsigned long measure_interval_jiffies;
> +	enum sgp_cmd iaq_init_cmd;
> +	enum sgp_cmd measure_iaq_cmd;
> +	enum sgp_cmd measure_gas_signals_cmd;
> +	u8 baseline_len;
> +	u16 user_baseline[2];
> +	u16 power_mode;
> +	union sgp_reading buffer;
> +	union sgp_reading iaq_buffer;
> +	enum _iaq_buffer_state iaq_buffer_state;
> +	bool supports_humidity_compensation;
> +	bool supports_power_mode;
> +};
> +
> +struct sgp_device {
> +	const struct iio_chan_spec *channels;
> +	int num_channels;
> +};
> +
> +static const struct sgp_version supported_versions_sgp30[] = {
> +	{
> +		.major = 1,
> +		.minor = 0,
> +	},
> +};
> +
> +static const struct sgp_version supported_versions_sgpc3[] = {
> +	{
> +		.major = 0,
> +		.minor = 4,
> +	},
> +};
> +
> +static const struct iio_chan_spec sgp30_channels[] = {
> +	{
> +		.type = IIO_CONCENTRATION,
> +		.channel2 = IIO_MOD_VOC,
> +		.datasheet_name = "TVOC signal",
> +		.modified = 1,
> +		.info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED),
> +		.address = SGP30_IAQ_TVOC_IDX,
> +	},
> +	{
> +		.type = IIO_CONCENTRATION,
> +		.channel2 = IIO_MOD_CO2,
> +		.datasheet_name = "CO2eq signal",
> +		.modified = 1,
> +		.info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED),
> +		.address = SGP30_IAQ_CO2EQ_IDX,
> +	},
> +	{
> +		.type = IIO_CONCENTRATION,
> +		.channel2 = IIO_MOD_ETHANOL,
> +		.info_mask_separate =
> +			BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW) | BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE),
> +		.address = SGP30_SIG_ETOH_IDX,
> +		.datasheet_name = "Ethanol signal",
> +		.modified = 1,
> +		.scan_type = {
> +			.endianness = IIO_BE,
> +		},
> +	},
> +	{
> +		.type = IIO_CONCENTRATION,
> +		.channel2 = IIO_MOD_H2,
> +		.info_mask_separate =
> +			BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW) | BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE),
> +		.address = SGP30_SIG_H2_IDX,
> +		.datasheet_name = "H2 signal",
> +		.modified = 1,
> +		.scan_type = {
> +			.endianness = IIO_BE,
No need to specify this unless you are supporting buffered output
(which makes no sense for a slow sensor)
> +		},
> +	},
> +};
> +
> +static const struct iio_chan_spec sgpc3_channels[] = {
> +	{
> +		.type = IIO_CONCENTRATION,
> +		.channel2 = IIO_MOD_VOC,
> +		.datasheet_name = "TVOC signal",
This is usually only worth providing if you are expecting in kernel
users which I doubt will occur here.  Name doesn't really provide
any additional information.

> +		.modified = 1,
> +		.info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED),
> +		.address = SGPC3_IAQ_TVOC_IDX,
> +	},
> +	{
> +		.type = IIO_CONCENTRATION,
> +		.channel2 = IIO_MOD_ETHANOL,
> +		.info_mask_separate =
> +			BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW) | BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE),
> +		.address = SGPC3_SIG_ETOH_IDX,
> +		.datasheet_name = "Ethanol signal",
> +		.modified = 1,
> +		.scan_type = {
> +			.endianness = IIO_BE,
> +		},
> +	},
> +};
> +
> +static const struct sgp_device sgp_devices[] = {
> +	[SGP30] = {
> +		.channels = sgp30_channels,
> +		.num_channels = ARRAY_SIZE(sgp30_channels),
> +	},
> +	[SGPC3] = {
> +		.channels = sgpc3_channels,
> +		.num_channels = ARRAY_SIZE(sgpc3_channels),
> +	},
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * sgp_verify_buffer() - verify the checksums of the data buffer words
> + *
> + * @data:       SGP data
> + * @buf:        Raw data buffer
> + * @word_count: Num data words stored in the buffer, excluding CRC bytes
> + *
> + * Return:      0 on success, negative error otherwise.
> + */
> +static int sgp_verify_buffer(const struct sgp_data *data,
> +			     union sgp_reading *buf, size_t word_count)
> +{
> +	size_t size = word_count * (SGP_WORD_LEN + SGP_CRC8_LEN);
> +	int i;
> +	u8 crc;
> +	u8 *data_buf = &buf->start;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < size; i += SGP_WORD_LEN + SGP_CRC8_LEN) {
> +		crc = crc8(sgp_crc8_table, &data_buf[i], SGP_WORD_LEN,
> +			   SGP_CRC8_INIT);
> +		if (crc != data_buf[i + SGP_WORD_LEN]) {
> +			dev_err(&data->client->dev, "CRC error\n");
> +			return -EIO;
> +		}
> +	}
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sgp_read_cmd() - reads data from sensor after issuing a command
> + * The caller must hold data->data_lock for the duration of the call.
> + * @data:        SGP data
> + * @cmd:         SGP Command to issue
> + * @buf:         Raw data buffer to use
> + * @word_count:  Num words to read, excluding CRC bytes
> + *
> + * Return:       0 on success, negative error otherwise.
> + */
> +static int sgp_read_cmd(struct sgp_data *data, enum sgp_cmd cmd,
> +			union sgp_reading *buf, size_t word_count,
> +			unsigned long duration_us)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	struct i2c_client *client = data->client;
> +	size_t size = word_count * (SGP_WORD_LEN + SGP_CRC8_LEN);
> +	u8 *data_buf;
> +
> +	ret = i2c_master_send(client, (const char *)&cmd, SGP_CMD_LEN);
> +	if (ret != SGP_CMD_LEN)
> +		return -EIO;
> +	usleep_range(duration_us, duration_us + 1000);
> +
> +	if (word_count == 0)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	data_buf = &buf->start;
> +	ret = i2c_master_recv(client, data_buf, size);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +	if (ret != size)
> +		return -EIO;
> +
> +	return sgp_verify_buffer(data, buf, word_count);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sgp_i2c_write_cmd() - write data to SGP sensor with a command
> + * @data:       SGP data
> + * @cmd:        SGP Command to issue
> + * @buf:        Data to write
> + * @buf_size:   Data size of the buffer
> + *
> + * Return:      0 on success, negative error otherwise.
> + */
> +static int sgp_write_cmd(struct sgp_data *data, enum sgp_cmd cmd, u16 *buf,
> +			 size_t buf_size, unsigned long duration_us)
> +{
> +	int ret, ix;
> +	u16 buf_idx;
> +	u8 buffer[SGP_CMD_MAX_BUF_SIZE];
> +
> +	/* assemble buffer */
> +	*((__be16 *)&buffer[0]) = cmd;
> +	buf_idx = SGP_CMD_LEN;
> +	for (ix = 0; ix < buf_size; ix++) {
> +		*((__be16 *)&buffer[buf_idx]) = cpu_to_be16(buf[ix]);
> +		buf_idx += SGP_WORD_LEN;
> +		buffer[buf_idx] = crc8(sgp_crc8_table,
> +				       &buffer[buf_idx - SGP_WORD_LEN],
> +				       SGP_WORD_LEN, SGP_CRC8_INIT);
> +		buf_idx += SGP_CRC8_LEN;
> +	}
> +	ret = i2c_master_send(data->client, buffer, buf_idx);
> +	if (ret != buf_idx)
> +		return -EIO;
> +	ret = 0;
> +	usleep_range(duration_us, duration_us + 1000);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sgp_measure_iaq() - measure and retrieve IAQ values from sensor
> + * The caller must hold data->data_lock for the duration of the call.
> + * @data:       SGP data
> + *
> + * Return:      0 on success, -EBUSY on default values, negative error
> + *              otherwise.
> + */
> +
> +static int sgp_measure_iaq(struct sgp_data *data)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	/* data contains default values */
> +	bool default_vals = !time_after(jiffies, data->iaq_init_start_jiffies +
> +						 data->iaq_defval_skip_jiffies);
> +
> +	ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, data->measure_iaq_cmd, &data->iaq_buffer,
> +			   SGP_MEASUREMENT_LEN, SGP_MEASUREMENT_DURATION_US);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	data->iaq_buffer_state = IAQ_BUFFER_DEFAULT_VALS;
> +
> +	if (default_vals)
> +		return -EBUSY;
> +
> +	data->iaq_buffer_state = IAQ_BUFFER_VALID;
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void sgp_iaq_thread_sleep_until(const struct sgp_data *data,
> +				       unsigned long sleep_jiffies)
> +{
> +	const long IAQ_POLL = 50000;
> +
> +	while (!time_after(jiffies, sleep_jiffies)) {
> +		usleep_range(IAQ_POLL, IAQ_POLL + 10000);
> +		if (kthread_should_stop() || data->iaq_init_start_jiffies == 0)
> +			return;
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static int sgp_iaq_threadfn(void *p)
> +{
> +	struct sgp_data *data = (struct sgp_data *)p;
> +	unsigned long next_update_jiffies;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
> +		mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
> +		if (data->iaq_init_start_jiffies == 0) {
> +			if (data->iaq_init_fn)
> +				data->iaq_init_fn(data);
> +			ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, data->iaq_init_cmd, NULL, 0,
> +					   SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
> +			if (ret < 0)
> +				goto unlock_sleep_continue;
> +			data->iaq_init_start_jiffies = jiffies;
> +			if (data->user_baseline[0]) {
> +				ret = sgp_write_cmd(data, SGP_CMD_SET_BASELINE,
> +						    data->user_baseline,
> +						    data->baseline_len,
> +						    SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
> +				if (ret < 0) {
> +					dev_err(&data->client->dev,
> +						"IAQ set baseline failed [%d]\n",
> +						ret);
> +					goto unlock_sleep_continue;
> +				}
> +			}
> +			if (data->iaq_init_duration_jiffies) {
> +				mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +				sgp_iaq_thread_sleep_until(data,
> +					    data->iaq_init_start_jiffies +
> +					    data->iaq_init_duration_jiffies);
> +				continue;
> +			}
> +		}
> +
> +		ret = sgp_measure_iaq(data);
> +		if (ret && ret != -EBUSY) {
> +			dev_warn(&data->client->dev, "IAQ measurement error [%d]\n",
> +				 ret);
> +		}
> +unlock_sleep_continue:
> +		next_update_jiffies = jiffies + data->measure_interval_jiffies;
> +		mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +		sgp_iaq_thread_sleep_until(data, next_update_jiffies);
> +	}
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t sgp_absolute_humidity_store(struct device *dev,
> +					   __attribute__((unused))
> +					   struct device_attribute *attr,
> +					   const char *buf, size_t count)
> +{
> +	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
> +	u32 ah;
> +	u16 ah_scaled;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (!data->supports_humidity_compensation)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	ret = kstrtou32(buf, 10, &ah);
> +	if (ret != 1 || ah < 0 || ah > 256000)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	/* ah_scaled = (u16)((ah / 1000.0) * 256.0) */
> +	ah_scaled = (u16)(((u64)ah * 256 * 16777) >> 24);
> +
> +	/* don't disable AH compensation due to rounding */
> +	if (ah > 0 && ah_scaled == 0)
> +		ah_scaled = 1;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
> +	ret = sgp_write_cmd(data, SGP_CMD_SET_ABSOLUTE_HUMIDITY,
> +			    &ah_scaled, 1, SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
> +	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	return count;
> +}
> +
> +static int sgp_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> +			struct iio_chan_spec const *chan, int *val,
> +			int *val2, long mask)
> +{
> +	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> +	struct sgp_crc_word *words;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	switch (mask) {
> +	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED:
> +		mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
> +		if (data->iaq_buffer_state != IAQ_BUFFER_VALID) {
> +			mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +			return -EBUSY;
> +		}
> +		words = data->iaq_buffer.raw_words;
> +		switch (chan->address) {
> +		case SGP30_IAQ_TVOC_IDX:
> +		case SGPC3_IAQ_TVOC_IDX:
> +			*val = 0;
> +			*val2 = be16_to_cpu(words[1].value);
> +			ret = IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_NANO;
> +			break;
> +		case SGP30_IAQ_CO2EQ_IDX:
> +			*val = 0;
> +			*val2 = be16_to_cpu(words[0].value);
> +			ret = IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_MICRO;
> +			break;
> +		default:
> +			ret = -EINVAL;
> +			break;
> +		}
> +		mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +		break;
> +	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW:
> +		mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
> +		if (chan->address == SGPC3_SIG_ETOH_IDX) {
> +			if (data->iaq_buffer_state == IAQ_BUFFER_EMPTY)
> +				ret = -EBUSY;
> +			else
> +				ret = 0;
> +			words = data->iaq_buffer.raw_words;
> +		} else {
> +			ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, data->measure_gas_signals_cmd,
> +					   &data->buffer, SGP_MEASUREMENT_LEN,
> +					   SGP_MEASUREMENT_DURATION_US);
> +			words = data->buffer.raw_words;
> +		}
> +		if (ret) {
> +			mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +			return ret;
> +		}
> +
> +		switch (chan->address) {
> +		case SGP30_SIG_ETOH_IDX:
> +			*val = be16_to_cpu(words[1].value);
> +			ret = IIO_VAL_INT;
> +			break;
> +		case SGPC3_SIG_ETOH_IDX:
> +		case SGP30_SIG_H2_IDX:
> +			*val = be16_to_cpu(words[0].value);
> +			ret = IIO_VAL_INT;
> +			break;
> +		}
> +		mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +		break;
Might as well return ret here rather than going to the end.

> +	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE:
> +		switch (chan->address) {
> +		case SGP30_SIG_ETOH_IDX:
> +		case SGPC3_SIG_ETOH_IDX:
> +		case SGP30_SIG_H2_IDX:
> +			*val = 0;
> +			*val2 = 1953125;
> +			return IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_NANO;
> +		default:
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +		}
> +	default:
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void sgp_restart_iaq_thread(struct sgp_data *data)
> +{
> +	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
> +	data->iaq_buffer_state = IAQ_BUFFER_EMPTY;
> +	data->iaq_init_start_jiffies = 0;
> +	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +}
> +
> +static void sgpc3_iaq_init(struct sgp_data *data)
> +{
> +	int skip_cycles;
> +
> +	data->iaq_init_duration_jiffies = data->iaq_init_user_duration * HZ;
> +	if (data->supports_power_mode) {
> +		data->iaq_init_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_CONTINUOUS;
> +
> +		if (data->power_mode == SGPC3_POWER_MODE_ULTRA_LOW_POWER) {
No need for {} around single statements.
> +			data->measure_interval_jiffies =
> +				SGPC3_MEASURE_ULP_INTERVAL_HZ * HZ;
> +		} else {
> +			data->measure_interval_jiffies =
> +				SGPC3_MEASURE_INTERVAL_HZ * HZ;
> +		}
> +
> +		if (data->user_baseline[0])
> +			skip_cycles = 1;
> +		else if (data->power_mode == SGPC3_POWER_MODE_ULTRA_LOW_POWER)
> +			skip_cycles = 2;
> +		else
> +			skip_cycles = 11;
> +	} else {
> +		switch (data->iaq_init_user_duration) {
> +		case 0:
> +			data->iaq_init_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_0;
> +			skip_cycles = 1;
> +			break;
> +		case 16:
> +			data->iaq_init_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_16;
> +			skip_cycles = 9;
> +			break;
> +		case 64:
> +			data->iaq_init_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_64;
> +			skip_cycles = 33;
> +			break;
> +		case 184:
> +			data->iaq_init_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_184;
> +			skip_cycles = 93;
> +			break;
> +		default:
> +			data->iaq_init_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_64;
> +			skip_cycles = 33;
> +			break;
> +		}
> +		if (!data->user_baseline[0])
> +			skip_cycles += 10;
> +	}
> +	data->iaq_defval_skip_jiffies = data->iaq_init_duration_jiffies +
> +					(skip_cycles *
> +					 data->measure_interval_jiffies);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t sgp_iaq_preheat_store(struct device *dev,
> +				     __attribute__((unused))
> +				     struct device_attribute *attr,
> +				     const char *buf, size_t count)
> +{
> +	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
> +	u32 init_duration;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (SGP_VERS_PRODUCT(data) != SGPC3)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
> +	ret = kstrtou32(buf, 10, &init_duration);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		goto unlock_fail;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (data->supports_power_mode) {
> +		if (init_duration > 300) {
> +			ret = -EINVAL;
> +			goto unlock_fail;
> +		}
> +	} else {
> +		if (init_duration == 0) {
Given the wide and non obvious jumps, I'd have
an available attribute to let userspace know which values will work.

> +		} else if (init_duration <= 16) {
> +			init_duration = 16;
> +		} else if (init_duration <= 64) {
> +			init_duration = 64;
> +		} else if (init_duration <= 184) {
> +			init_duration = 184;
> +		} else {
> +			ret = -EINVAL;
> +			goto unlock_fail;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	data->iaq_init_user_duration = init_duration;
> +	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +
> +	return count;
> +
> +unlock_fail:
> +	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t sgp_power_mode_store(struct device *dev,
> +				    __attribute__((unused))
> +				    struct device_attribute *attr,
> +				    const char *buf, size_t count)
> +{
> +	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
> +	u16 power_mode;
> +	int ret;
> +	const char ULTRA_LOW[] = "ultra-low";
> +	const char LOW[] = "low";
> +
> +	if (!data->supports_power_mode)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	if (strncmp(buf, ULTRA_LOW, sizeof(ULTRA_LOW) - 1) == 0)
> +		power_mode = SGPC3_POWER_MODE_ULTRA_LOW_POWER;
> +	else if (strncmp(buf, LOW, sizeof(LOW) - 1) == 0)
> +		power_mode = SGPC3_POWER_MODE_LOW_POWER;
> +	else
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
> +	if (power_mode == data->power_mode) {
> +		mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +		return count;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Switching power mode invalidates any set baselines */
> +	if (power_mode != data->power_mode) {
> +		data->user_baseline[0] = 0;
> +		data->user_baseline[1] = 0;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = sgp_write_cmd(data, SGPC3_CMD_SET_POWER_MODE,
> +			    &power_mode, 1, SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +	data->power_mode = power_mode;
> +	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +
> +	sgp_restart_iaq_thread(data);
> +	return count;
> +}
> +
> +static int sgp_get_baseline(struct sgp_data *data, u16 *baseline_words)
> +{
> +	u16 baseline_word;
> +	int ret, ix, jx;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
> +	ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, SGP_CMD_GET_BASELINE, &data->buffer,
> +			   data->baseline_len, SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		goto unlock_fail;
> +
> +	for (ix = 0, jx = data->baseline_len - 1; ix < data->baseline_len;
> +	     ix++, jx--) {
> +		baseline_word = be16_to_cpu(data->buffer.raw_words[jx].value);
> +		baseline_words[ix] = baseline_word;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!baseline_words[0])
> +		ret = -EBUSY;
> +
> +unlock_fail:
> +	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t sgp_iaq_baseline_show(struct device *dev,
> +				     __attribute__((unused))
> +				     struct device_attribute *attr,
> +				     char *buf)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	u16 baseline_words[2];
> +	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
> +
> +	ret = sgp_get_baseline(data, baseline_words);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	if (data->baseline_len == 1)
> +		return sprintf(buf, "%04hx\n", baseline_words[0]);
> +
> +	return sprintf(buf, "%04hx%04hx\n", baseline_words[0],
> +		       baseline_words[1]);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * Retrieve the sensor's baseline and report whether it's valid for persistence
> + * @baseline:   sensor's current baseline
> + *
> + * Return:      1 if the baseline was set manually or the sensor has been
> + *              operating for at least 12h, -EBUSY if the baseline is not yet
> + *              valid, another negative error otherwise.
> + */
> +static int sgp_is_baseline_valid(struct sgp_data *data, u16 *baseline_words)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = sgp_get_baseline(data, baseline_words);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
> +	ret = (data->user_baseline[0] ||
> +	       time_after(jiffies,
> +			  data->iaq_init_start_jiffies + 60 * 60 * 12 * HZ));
> +	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void sgp_set_baseline(struct sgp_data *data, u16 *baseline_words)
> +{
> +	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
> +	data->user_baseline[0] = baseline_words[0];
> +	if (data->baseline_len == 2)
> +		data->user_baseline[1] = baseline_words[1];
> +	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +	sgp_restart_iaq_thread(data);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t sgp_iaq_baseline_store(struct device *dev,
> +				      __attribute__((unused))
> +				      struct device_attribute *attr,
> +				      const char *buf, size_t count)
> +{
> +	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
> +	int newline = (count > 0 && buf[count - 1] == '\n');
> +	u16 words[2];
> +	int ret = 0;
> +
> +	if (count - newline == (data->baseline_len * 4)) {
> +		if (data->baseline_len == 1)
> +			ret = sscanf(buf, "%04hx", &words[0]);
> +		else
> +			ret = sscanf(buf, "%04hx%04hx", &words[0], &words[1]);
> +	}
> +
> +	if (ret != data->baseline_len) {
> +		dev_err(&data->client->dev, "invalid baseline format\n");
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	sgp_set_baseline(data, words);
blank line before all simple returns at the end of functions.

> +	return count;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t sgp_selftest_show(struct device *dev,
> +				 __attribute__((unused))
> +				 struct device_attribute *attr,
> +				 char *buf)
> +{
> +	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
> +	u16 baseline_words[2];
> +	u16 measure_test;
> +	int baseline_valid = 0;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (data->product_id == SGP30) {
> +		/* On the SGP30, the self-test interferes with iaq_init */
> +		baseline_valid = sgp_is_baseline_valid(data, baseline_words);
> +	}
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
> +	ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, SGP_CMD_SELFTEST, &data->buffer,
> +			   1, SGP_SELFTEST_DURATION_US);
> +	if (ret < 0) {
> +		mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	measure_test = be16_to_cpu(data->buffer.raw_words[0].value);
> +	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
> +
> +	if (data->product_id == SGP30) {
> +		if (baseline_valid > 0)
> +			sgp_set_baseline(data, baseline_words);
> +		else
> +			sgp_restart_iaq_thread(data);
> +	}
> +
> +	return sprintf(buf, "%s\n",
> +		       measure_test ^ SGP_SELFTEST_OK ? "FAILED" : "OK");
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t sgp_serial_id_show(struct device *dev,
> +				 __attribute__((unused))
> +				 struct device_attribute *attr,
> +				 char *buf)
> +{
> +	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
> +
> +	return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", data->serial_id);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t sgp_feature_set_version_show(struct device *dev,
> +					    __attribute__((unused))
> +					    struct device_attribute *attr,
> +					    char *buf)
> +{
> +	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
> +
> +	return sprintf(buf, "%hu.%hu\n", (data->feature_set & 0x00e0) >> 5,
> +		       data->feature_set & 0x001f);
> +}
> +
> +static int sgp_get_serial_id(struct sgp_data *data)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	struct sgp_crc_word *words;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
> +	ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, SGP_CMD_GET_SERIAL_ID, &data->buffer, 3,
> +			   SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		goto unlock_fail;
> +
> +	words = data->buffer.raw_words;
> +	data->serial_id = (u64)(be16_to_cpu(words[2].value) & 0xffff)       |
> +			  (u64)(be16_to_cpu(words[1].value) & 0xffff) << 16 |
> +			  (u64)(be16_to_cpu(words[0].value) & 0xffff) << 32;
> +
> +unlock_fail:
> +	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
blank line here.

> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int sgp_check_compat(struct sgp_data *data,
> +			    unsigned int product_id)
> +{
> +	struct sgp_version *supported_versions;
> +	u16 ix, num_fs;
> +	u16 product = SGP_VERS_PRODUCT(data);
> +	u16 reserved = SGP_VERS_RESERVED(data);
> +	u16 major = SGP_VERS_MAJOR(data);
> +	u16 minor = SGP_VERS_MINOR(data);
> +
> +	/* driver does not match product */
> +	if (product != product_id) {
> +		dev_err(&data->client->dev,
> +			"sensor reports a different product: 0x%04hx\n",
> +			product);
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +	}
> +	if (reserved) {
Would be easier if reserved was set locally or local variable not used.
> +		dev_warn(&data->client->dev, "reserved bits set: 0x%04hx\n",
> +			 reserved);
No need for {} as only one statement.

> +	}
> +	/* engineering samples are not supported: no interface guarantees */
> +	if (SGP_VERS_ENG_BIT(data))
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	switch (product) {
> +	case SGP30:
> +		supported_versions =
> +			(struct sgp_version *)supported_versions_sgp30;
Shouldn't need to cast away the const - it's saying the pointer is to
constant data not that it is a constant pointer.

> +		num_fs = ARRAY_SIZE(supported_versions_sgp30);
> +		break;
> +	case SGPC3:
> +		supported_versions =
> +			(struct sgp_version *)supported_versions_sgpc3;
> +		num_fs = ARRAY_SIZE(supported_versions_sgpc3);
> +		break;
> +	default:
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +	}
> +
Again, easier to follow if you either set major and minor here, or
you don't use local variables.

> +	for (ix = 0; ix < num_fs; ix++) {
> +		if (major == supported_versions[ix].major &&
> +		    minor >= supported_versions[ix].minor)
> +			return 0;
> +	}
> +	dev_err(&data->client->dev, "unsupported sgp version: %d.%d\n",
> +		major, minor);
blank line here.
> +	return -ENODEV;
> +}
> +
> +static void sgp_init(struct sgp_data *data)
> +{
> +	data->iaq_init_cmd = SGP_CMD_IAQ_INIT;
> +	data->iaq_init_start_jiffies = 0;
> +	data->iaq_init_duration_jiffies = 0;
> +	data->iaq_init_user_duration = 0;
> +	data->iaq_init_fn = NULL;
> +	data->iaq_buffer_state = IAQ_BUFFER_EMPTY;
> +	data->user_baseline[0] = 0;
> +	data->user_baseline[1] = 0;
> +	switch (SGP_VERS_PRODUCT(data)) {
> +	case SGP30:
> +		data->measure_interval_jiffies = SGP30_MEASURE_INTERVAL_HZ * HZ;
> +		data->measure_iaq_cmd = SGP_CMD_IAQ_MEASURE;
> +		data->measure_gas_signals_cmd = SGP30_CMD_MEASURE_SIGNAL;
> +		data->product_id = SGP30;
> +		data->baseline_len = 2;
> +		data->supports_humidity_compensation = true;
> +		data->iaq_defval_skip_jiffies = 15 * HZ;
> +		break;
> +	case SGPC3:
> +		data->measure_interval_jiffies = SGPC3_MEASURE_INTERVAL_HZ * HZ;
> +		data->measure_iaq_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_MEASURE_RAW;
> +		data->measure_gas_signals_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_MEASURE_RAW;
> +		data->product_id = SGPC3;
> +		data->baseline_len = 1;
> +		data->power_mode = SGPC3_POWER_MODE_LOW_POWER;
> +		data->iaq_init_user_duration =
> +			SGPC3_DEFAULT_IAQ_INIT_DURATION_HZ;
> +		if (SGP_VERS_MAJOR(data) == 0 && SGP_VERS_MINOR(data) >= 6) {
> +			data->supports_humidity_compensation = true;
> +			data->supports_power_mode = true;
> +		}
> +		data->iaq_init_fn = &sgpc3_iaq_init;
> +		break;
default in here to suppress build warnings. 
> +	};
> +	data->iaq_thread = kthread_run(sgp_iaq_threadfn, data,
> +				       "%s-iaq", data->client->name);
> +}
> +
> +static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(in_serial_id, 0444, sgp_serial_id_show, NULL, 0);
> +static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(in_feature_set_version, 0444,
> +		       sgp_feature_set_version_show, NULL, 0);
> +static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(in_selftest, 0444, sgp_selftest_show, NULL, 0);
> +static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(set_iaq_preheat_seconds, 0220, NULL,
> +		       sgp_iaq_preheat_store, 0);
> +static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(in_iaq_baseline, 0444, sgp_iaq_baseline_show, NULL, 0);
> +static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(set_iaq_baseline, 0220, NULL, sgp_iaq_baseline_store, 0);
> +static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(set_absolute_humidity, 0220, NULL,
> +		       sgp_absolute_humidity_store, 0);
> +static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(set_power_mode, 0220, NULL,
> +		       sgp_power_mode_store, 0);
> +
> +static struct attribute *sgp_attributes[] = {
> +	&iio_dev_attr_in_serial_id.dev_attr.attr,
> +	&iio_dev_attr_in_feature_set_version.dev_attr.attr,
> +	&iio_dev_attr_in_selftest.dev_attr.attr,
> +	&iio_dev_attr_in_iaq_baseline.dev_attr.attr,
> +	&iio_dev_attr_set_iaq_baseline.dev_attr.attr,
> +	&iio_dev_attr_set_iaq_preheat_seconds.dev_attr.attr,
> +	&iio_dev_attr_set_absolute_humidity.dev_attr.attr,
> +	&iio_dev_attr_set_power_mode.dev_attr.attr,
I commented on most of these above so will ignore here.
Key think is if it isn't in the core IIO ABI most userspace
code will have no idea what to do with it.

> +	NULL
> +};
> +
> +static const struct attribute_group sgp_attr_group = {
> +	.attrs = sgp_attributes,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct iio_info sgp_info = {
> +	.attrs		= &sgp_attr_group,
> +	.read_raw	= sgp_read_raw,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id sgp_dt_ids[] = {
> +	{ .compatible = "sensirion,sgp30", .data = (void *)SGP30 },
> +	{ .compatible = "sensirion,sgpc3", .data = (void *)SGPC3 },
> +	{ }
> +};
> +
> +static int sgp_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
> +		     const struct i2c_device_id *id)
> +{
> +	struct iio_dev *indio_dev;
> +	struct sgp_data *data;
> +	const struct sgp_device *chip;
> +	const struct of_device_id *of_id;
> +	unsigned long product_id;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	indio_dev = devm_iio_device_alloc(&client->dev, sizeof(*data));
> +	if (!indio_dev)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	of_id = of_match_device(sgp_dt_ids, &client->dev);
> +	if (of_id)
> +		product_id = (unsigned long)of_id->data;
> +	else
> +		product_id = id->driver_data;
> +
> +	chip = &sgp_devices[product_id];
> +	data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> +	i2c_set_clientdata(client, indio_dev);
> +	data->client = client;
> +	crc8_populate_msb(sgp_crc8_table, SGP_CRC8_POLYNOMIAL);
> +	mutex_init(&data->data_lock);
> +
> +	/* get serial id and write it to client data */
> +	ret = sgp_get_serial_id(data);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	/* get feature set version and write it to client data */
> +	ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, SGP_CMD_GET_FEATURE_SET, &data->buffer, 1,
> +			   SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	data->feature_set = be16_to_cpu(data->buffer.raw_words[0].value);
> +
> +	ret = sgp_check_compat(data, product_id);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	indio_dev->dev.parent = &client->dev;
> +	indio_dev->info = &sgp_info;
> +	indio_dev->name = id->name;
> +	indio_dev->modes = INDIO_DIRECT_MODE;
> +
> +	indio_dev->channels = chip->channels;
> +	indio_dev->num_channels = chip->num_channels;
> +
> +	ret = devm_iio_device_register(&client->dev, indio_dev);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		dev_err(&client->dev, "failed to register iio device\n");
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	sgp_init(data);
Blank line here.
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int sgp_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
> +{
> +	struct iio_dev *indio_dev = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> +	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> +
> +	if (data->iaq_thread)
> +		kthread_stop(data->iaq_thread);
I would introduce a sg_exit to make it clear that this
is reversing things that were in sgp_init.

> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct i2c_device_id sgp_id[] = {
> +	{ "sgp30", SGP30 },
> +	{ "sgpc3", SGPC3 },
> +	{ }
> +};
> +
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, sgp_id);
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, sgp_dt_ids);
> +
> +static struct i2c_driver sgp_driver = {
> +	.driver = {
> +		.name	= "sgp30",
> +		.of_match_table = of_match_ptr(sgp_dt_ids),
> +	},
> +	.probe = sgp_probe,
> +	.remove = sgp_remove,
> +	.id_table = sgp_id,
> +};
> +module_i2c_driver(sgp_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Pascal Sachs <pascal.sachs@sensirion.com>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Sensirion SGP gas sensors");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> +MODULE_VERSION("0.6.0");

Please drop module version.  Given userspace is not obliged to read this
anyway an change to ABI that this is protecting against is breakage
of userspace ABI and hence not acceptable.  Result of this is that
having a module version exported is entirely useless.

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Rob Herring March 18, 2018, 12:48 p.m. | #2
On Sat, Mar 10, 2018 at 11:07:30PM +0100, Andreas Brauchli wrote:
> Support Sensirion SGP30 and SGPC3 multi-pixel I2C gas sensors
> 
> Supported Features:
> 
> * Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) concentrations for
>   - tVOC (in_concentration_voc_input)
>   - CO2eq (in_concentration_co2_input) - SGP30 only
>   IAQ concentrations are periodically read out by a background thread
>   to allow the sensor to maintain its internal baseline.
> * Baseline support for IAQ (in_iaq_baseline, set_iaq_baseline)
> * Gas concentration signals
>   - Ethanol (in_concentration_ethanol_raw)
>   - H2 (in_concentration_h2_raw) - SGP30 only
> * On-chip self test (in_selftest)
> * Sensor interface version (in_feature_set_version)
> * Sensor serial number (in_serial_id)
> * Humidity compensation
>   With the help of an external humidity signal, the gas signals can be
>   humidity-compensated. The sensor performs the compensation on-chip.
> * Power mode switching between low power mode (1/2Hz) and
>   ultra low power mode (1/30Hz) sampling - SGPC3 only
> * Checksummed I2C communication
> 
> For all features, refer to the data sheet or the documentation in
> Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt for more details.
> 
> The ABI is documented in
> Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30
> 
> Signed-off-by: Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
> ---
>  .../ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30       |   62 ++
>  .../bindings/iio/chemical/sensirion,sgp30.txt      |   15 +

Please split bindings to separate patch.

>  Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt               |   97 ++
>  drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig                       |   13 +
>  drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile                      |    1 +
>  drivers/iio/chemical/sgp30.c                       | 1120 ++++++++++++++++++++
>  6 files changed, 1308 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/chemical/sensirion,sgp30.txt
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt
>  create mode 100644 drivers/iio/chemical/sgp30.c
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Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30 b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..3b97c0bd5878
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-chemical-sgp30
@@ -0,0 +1,62 @@ 
+what:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:devicex/in_featureset_version
+date:		March 2018
+kernelversion:	4.17
+contact:	andreas brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
+description:
+		Retrieve the sensor interface version. The sensor-interface should
+		remain forward-compatible across minor versions.
+
+what:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:devicex/in_iaq_baseline
+date:		March 2018
+kernelversion:	4.17
+contact:	andreas brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
+description:
+		Retrieve the on-chip iaq baseline state. the baseline is an internal
+		state that should not be modified.
+
+What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/set_iaq_baseline
+Date:		March 2018
+KernelVersion:	4.17
+Contact:	Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
+Description:
+		Restore the on-chip IAQ baseline state to a previous state. Useful for
+		fast-resuming after a restart. A baseline is valid for one week when the
+		sensor is not operated.
+
+What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/in_selftest
+Date:		March 2018
+KernelVersion:	4.17
+Contact:	Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
+Description:
+		Run the on-chip self test. Output values:
+		* OK
+		* FAILED
+
+What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/in_serial_id
+Date:		March 2018
+KernelVersion:	4.17
+Contact:	Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
+Description:
+		Retrieve the unique sensor serial number. May be useful to associate
+		with the IAQ baseline when the baseline is stored remotely or the sensor
+		is on a plug-and-play device.
+
+Date:		March 2018
+KernelVersion:	4.17
+Contact:	Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
+Description:
+		Set the absolute humidity in milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m^3) to
+		enable on-sensor humidity compensation. Affects all gas signals and IAQ
+		values. Accepted values:
+		* 0 (disables humidity compensation)
+		* 1..256000 (mg/m^3)
+
+What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/set_power_mode
+Date:		March 2018
+KernelVersion:	4.17
+Contact:	Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
+Description:
+		Change the power mode on an SGPC3 with ultra-low power mode support.
+		Accepted values:
+		* "low" (default/startup mode)
+		* "ultra-low" (default/startup mode)
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/chemical/sensirion,sgp30.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/chemical/sensirion,sgp30.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..bb909b0f1aba
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/chemical/sensirion,sgp30.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,15 @@ 
+* Sensirion SGPxx multi-pixel Gas Sensor
+
+Required properties:
+
+  - compatible: must be one of
+    "sensirion,sgp30"
+    "sensirion,sgpc3"
+  - reg: the I2C address of the sensor
+
+Example:
+
+sgpxx@58 {
+	compatible = "sensirion,sgp30";
+	reg = <0x58>;
+};
diff --git a/Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt b/Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c236f7d0fa80
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/iio/chemical/sgp30.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,97 @@ 
+sgp30: Industrial IO driver for Sensirion I2C Multi-Pixel Gas Sensors
+
+1. Overview
+
+The sgp30 driver supports the Sensirion SGP30 and SGPC3 multi-pixel gas sensors.
+
+2. Modes of Operation
+
+Postprocessed Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) gas concentrations as well as raw gas
+signals are available. Both signals can be humidity-compensated by the sensor.
+
+2.1. IAQ Gas Concentrations
+
+* tVOC (in_concentration_voc_input) at ppb precision (1e-9)
+* CO2eq (in_concentration_co2_input) at ppm precision (1e-6) -- SGP30 only
+
+2.1.1. IAQ Initialization
+Before Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) values can be read, the IAQ mode must be
+initialized by sending the "iaq_init" command from the data sheet to the sensor.
+The sgp30 driver performs this initialization automatically on instantiation.
+
+After initializing IAQ, at least one IAQ signal must be read out every second
+(SGP30) / every two seconds (SGPC3) for the sensor to correctly maintain its
+internal baseline. The driver continuously performs this task in a background
+thread and caches the latest measurement for retrieval.
+
+For the first 15s of operation after "iaq_init", default values are returned by
+the sensor. Default values are not returned by the driver, instead an -EBUSY
+error is returned.
+
+2.1.2. Pausing and Resuming IAQ
+
+For best performance and faster subsequent startup times, the baseline should be
+saved once every hour, after 12h of operation. The baseline is restored by
+writing the last known baseline back to set_iaq_baseline.
+
+    Saving the baseline:
+    $ baseline=$(cat in_iaq_baseline)
+
+    Restoring the baseline:
+    $ echo -n $baseline > set_iaq_baseline
+
+2.2. Humidity Compensation
+
+The SGP features an on-chip humidity compensation that requires the (in-device)
+environment's absolute humidity.
+
+Set the absolute humidity by writing the absolute humidity concentration (in
+mg/m^3) to set_absolute_humidity. The absolute humidity is obtained by
+converting the relative humidity and temperature. The following units are used:
+AH in mg/m^3, RH in percent (0..100), T in degrees Celsius, and exp() being the
+base-e exponential function.
+
+                  RH            exp(17.62 * T)
+                ----- * 6.112 * --------------
+                100.0            243.12 + T
+  AH = 216.7 * ------------------------------- * 1000
+                        273.15 + T
+
+Writing a value of 0 to set_absolute_humidity disables the humidity
+compensation. Devices not supporting humidity compensation (SGPC3 with feature
+set < 0.6) will report an error (-EINVAL) when setting the humidity.
+
+2.3. On-chip self test
+
+    $ cat in_selftest
+
+in_selftest returns OK or FAILED.
+
+On the SGP30, self test interferes with IAQ operations and requires a
+re-initialization thereof. If a valid baseline is available (after 12h of
+operation), the driver will take care of resuming the operation after the
+selftest, otherwise the "iaq_init" procedure will be restarted.
+
+2.4 SGPC3 Low Power Gas Sensor Features
+
+2.4.1 Accelerated Startup
+
+The SGPC3 can be pre-heated differently by writing a duration to the
+set_iaq_preheat_seconds attribute. Pre-heating causes the sensor to draw more
+power but results in more accurate readings, thus also marketed as accelerated
+startup mode. Sensors prior to feature set 0.6 allow pre-heating durations of 0,
+16, 64 and 184s (other values rounded to the next higher setting). Feature set
+0.6 allows pre-heating for all integer durations up to 300s (a software limit).
+
+Pre-heating occurs on IAQ initialization, thus after changing the power mode or
+setting an IAQ baseline. When the sensor has been operated for a duration of
+12h or more, it is not necessary to pre-heat after short down periods (e.g.
+reboots of < 5min.)
+
+2.4.2 Ultra Low Power Mode (SGPC3 Feature Set 0.6+)
+
+The SGPC3 with feature set 0.6+ features an ultra-low-power mode in which the
+sensor is only polled every 30s instead of every 2s. The polling interval in the
+background thread is adjusted by the driver when changing the power mode with
+set_power_mode. Supported options: {"low", "ultra-low"}. Changing the power mode
+on sensors without power-mode switching results in an -EINVAL error.
diff --git a/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig
index 5cb5be7612b4..6f0e2d1240bd 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig
@@ -38,6 +38,19 @@  config IAQCORE
 	  iAQ-Core Continuous/Pulsed VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds)
 	  sensors
 
+config SENSIRION_SGP30
+	tristate "Sensirion SGPxx gas sensors"
+	depends on I2C
+	select CRC8
+	help
+	  Say Y here to build I2C interface support for the following
+	  Sensirion SGP gas sensors:
+	    * SGP30 gas sensor
+	    * SGPC3 low power gas sensor
+
+	  To compile this driver as module, choose M here: the
+	  module will be called sgp30.
+
 config VZ89X
 	tristate "SGX Sensortech MiCS VZ89X VOC sensor"
 	depends on I2C
diff --git a/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile b/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile
index a629b29d1e0b..9aeb3fce1408 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile
@@ -6,4 +6,5 @@ 
 obj-$(CONFIG_ATLAS_PH_SENSOR)	+= atlas-ph-sensor.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CCS811)		+= ccs811.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_IAQCORE)		+= ams-iaq-core.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SENSIRION_SGP30)	+= sgp30.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_VZ89X)		+= vz89x.o
diff --git a/drivers/iio/chemical/sgp30.c b/drivers/iio/chemical/sgp30.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f336a89ad906
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/iio/chemical/sgp30.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1120 @@ 
+/*
+ * sgp30.c - Support for Sensirion SGP Gas Sensors
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * Datasheets:
+ * https://www.sensirion.com/file/datasheet_sgp30
+ * https://www.sensirion.com/file/datasheet_sgpc3
+ */
+
+#include <linux/crc8.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/kthread.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
+#include <linux/iio/buffer.h>
+#include <linux/iio/sysfs.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/version.h>
+
+#define SGP_WORD_LEN				2
+#define SGP_CRC8_POLYNOMIAL			0x31
+#define SGP_CRC8_INIT				0xff
+#define SGP_CRC8_LEN				1
+#define SGP_CMD(cmd_word)			cpu_to_be16(cmd_word)
+#define SGP_CMD_DURATION_US			12000
+#define SGP_MEASUREMENT_DURATION_US		50000
+#define SGP_SELFTEST_DURATION_US		220000
+#define SGP_CMD_HANDLING_DURATION_US		10000
+#define SGP_CMD_LEN				SGP_WORD_LEN
+#define SGP_CMD_MAX_BUF_SIZE			(SGP_CMD_LEN + 2 * SGP_WORD_LEN)
+#define SGP_MEASUREMENT_LEN			2
+#define SGP30_MEASURE_INTERVAL_HZ		1
+#define SGPC3_MEASURE_INTERVAL_HZ		2
+#define SGPC3_MEASURE_ULP_INTERVAL_HZ		30
+#define SGPC3_POWER_MODE_ULTRA_LOW_POWER	0
+#define SGPC3_POWER_MODE_LOW_POWER		1
+#define SGPC3_DEFAULT_IAQ_INIT_DURATION_HZ	64
+#define SGP_SELFTEST_OK				0xd400
+#define SGP_VERS_PRODUCT(data)	((((data)->feature_set) & 0xf000) >> 12)
+#define SGP_VERS_RESERVED(data)	((((data)->feature_set) & 0x0e00) >> 9)
+#define SGP_VERS_ENG_BIT(data)	((((data)->feature_set) & 0x0100) >> 8)
+#define SGP_VERS_MAJOR(data)	((((data)->feature_set) & 0x00e0) >> 5)
+#define SGP_VERS_MINOR(data)	(((data)->feature_set) & 0x001f)
+
+DECLARE_CRC8_TABLE(sgp_crc8_table);
+
+enum sgp_product_id {
+	SGP30 = 0,
+	SGPC3,
+};
+
+enum sgp30_channel_idx {
+	SGP30_IAQ_TVOC_IDX = 0,
+	SGP30_IAQ_CO2EQ_IDX,
+	SGP30_SIG_ETOH_IDX,
+	SGP30_SIG_H2_IDX,
+};
+
+enum sgpc3_channel_idx {
+	SGPC3_IAQ_TVOC_IDX = 10,
+	SGPC3_SIG_ETOH_IDX,
+};
+
+enum sgp_cmd {
+	SGP_CMD_IAQ_INIT		= SGP_CMD(0x2003),
+	SGP_CMD_IAQ_MEASURE		= SGP_CMD(0x2008),
+	SGP_CMD_GET_BASELINE		= SGP_CMD(0x2015),
+	SGP_CMD_SET_BASELINE		= SGP_CMD(0x201e),
+	SGP_CMD_GET_FEATURE_SET		= SGP_CMD(0x202f),
+	SGP_CMD_GET_SERIAL_ID		= SGP_CMD(0x3682),
+	SGP_CMD_SELFTEST		= SGP_CMD(0x2032),
+	SGP_CMD_SET_ABSOLUTE_HUMIDITY	= SGP_CMD(0x2061),
+
+	SGP30_CMD_MEASURE_SIGNAL	= SGP_CMD(0x2050),
+
+	SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_0		= SGP_CMD(0x2089),
+	SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_16		= SGP_CMD(0x2024),
+	SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_64		= SGP_CMD(0x2003),
+	SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_184		= SGP_CMD(0x206a),
+	SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_CONTINUOUS	= SGP_CMD(0x20ae),
+	SGPC3_CMD_MEASURE_RAW		= SGP_CMD(0x2046),
+	SGPC3_CMD_SET_POWER_MODE	= SGP_CMD(0x209f),
+};
+
+struct sgp_version {
+	u8 major;
+	u8 minor;
+};
+
+struct sgp_crc_word {
+	__be16 value;
+	u8 crc8;
+} __attribute__((__packed__));
+
+union sgp_reading {
+	u8 start;
+	struct sgp_crc_word raw_words[4];
+};
+
+enum _iaq_buffer_state {
+	IAQ_BUFFER_EMPTY = 0,
+	IAQ_BUFFER_DEFAULT_VALS,
+	IAQ_BUFFER_VALID,
+};
+
+struct sgp_data {
+	struct i2c_client *client;
+	struct task_struct *iaq_thread;
+	struct mutex data_lock;
+	unsigned long iaq_init_start_jiffies;
+	unsigned long iaq_init_duration_jiffies;
+	unsigned long iaq_defval_skip_jiffies;
+	u64 serial_id;
+	void (*iaq_init_fn)(struct sgp_data *data);
+	u32 iaq_init_user_duration;
+	u16 product_id;
+	u16 feature_set;
+	unsigned long measure_interval_jiffies;
+	enum sgp_cmd iaq_init_cmd;
+	enum sgp_cmd measure_iaq_cmd;
+	enum sgp_cmd measure_gas_signals_cmd;
+	u8 baseline_len;
+	u16 user_baseline[2];
+	u16 power_mode;
+	union sgp_reading buffer;
+	union sgp_reading iaq_buffer;
+	enum _iaq_buffer_state iaq_buffer_state;
+	bool supports_humidity_compensation;
+	bool supports_power_mode;
+};
+
+struct sgp_device {
+	const struct iio_chan_spec *channels;
+	int num_channels;
+};
+
+static const struct sgp_version supported_versions_sgp30[] = {
+	{
+		.major = 1,
+		.minor = 0,
+	},
+};
+
+static const struct sgp_version supported_versions_sgpc3[] = {
+	{
+		.major = 0,
+		.minor = 4,
+	},
+};
+
+static const struct iio_chan_spec sgp30_channels[] = {
+	{
+		.type = IIO_CONCENTRATION,
+		.channel2 = IIO_MOD_VOC,
+		.datasheet_name = "TVOC signal",
+		.modified = 1,
+		.info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED),
+		.address = SGP30_IAQ_TVOC_IDX,
+	},
+	{
+		.type = IIO_CONCENTRATION,
+		.channel2 = IIO_MOD_CO2,
+		.datasheet_name = "CO2eq signal",
+		.modified = 1,
+		.info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED),
+		.address = SGP30_IAQ_CO2EQ_IDX,
+	},
+	{
+		.type = IIO_CONCENTRATION,
+		.channel2 = IIO_MOD_ETHANOL,
+		.info_mask_separate =
+			BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW) | BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE),
+		.address = SGP30_SIG_ETOH_IDX,
+		.datasheet_name = "Ethanol signal",
+		.modified = 1,
+		.scan_type = {
+			.endianness = IIO_BE,
+		},
+	},
+	{
+		.type = IIO_CONCENTRATION,
+		.channel2 = IIO_MOD_H2,
+		.info_mask_separate =
+			BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW) | BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE),
+		.address = SGP30_SIG_H2_IDX,
+		.datasheet_name = "H2 signal",
+		.modified = 1,
+		.scan_type = {
+			.endianness = IIO_BE,
+		},
+	},
+};
+
+static const struct iio_chan_spec sgpc3_channels[] = {
+	{
+		.type = IIO_CONCENTRATION,
+		.channel2 = IIO_MOD_VOC,
+		.datasheet_name = "TVOC signal",
+		.modified = 1,
+		.info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED),
+		.address = SGPC3_IAQ_TVOC_IDX,
+	},
+	{
+		.type = IIO_CONCENTRATION,
+		.channel2 = IIO_MOD_ETHANOL,
+		.info_mask_separate =
+			BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW) | BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE),
+		.address = SGPC3_SIG_ETOH_IDX,
+		.datasheet_name = "Ethanol signal",
+		.modified = 1,
+		.scan_type = {
+			.endianness = IIO_BE,
+		},
+	},
+};
+
+static const struct sgp_device sgp_devices[] = {
+	[SGP30] = {
+		.channels = sgp30_channels,
+		.num_channels = ARRAY_SIZE(sgp30_channels),
+	},
+	[SGPC3] = {
+		.channels = sgpc3_channels,
+		.num_channels = ARRAY_SIZE(sgpc3_channels),
+	},
+};
+
+/**
+ * sgp_verify_buffer() - verify the checksums of the data buffer words
+ *
+ * @data:       SGP data
+ * @buf:        Raw data buffer
+ * @word_count: Num data words stored in the buffer, excluding CRC bytes
+ *
+ * Return:      0 on success, negative error otherwise.
+ */
+static int sgp_verify_buffer(const struct sgp_data *data,
+			     union sgp_reading *buf, size_t word_count)
+{
+	size_t size = word_count * (SGP_WORD_LEN + SGP_CRC8_LEN);
+	int i;
+	u8 crc;
+	u8 *data_buf = &buf->start;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < size; i += SGP_WORD_LEN + SGP_CRC8_LEN) {
+		crc = crc8(sgp_crc8_table, &data_buf[i], SGP_WORD_LEN,
+			   SGP_CRC8_INIT);
+		if (crc != data_buf[i + SGP_WORD_LEN]) {
+			dev_err(&data->client->dev, "CRC error\n");
+			return -EIO;
+		}
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * sgp_read_cmd() - reads data from sensor after issuing a command
+ * The caller must hold data->data_lock for the duration of the call.
+ * @data:        SGP data
+ * @cmd:         SGP Command to issue
+ * @buf:         Raw data buffer to use
+ * @word_count:  Num words to read, excluding CRC bytes
+ *
+ * Return:       0 on success, negative error otherwise.
+ */
+static int sgp_read_cmd(struct sgp_data *data, enum sgp_cmd cmd,
+			union sgp_reading *buf, size_t word_count,
+			unsigned long duration_us)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct i2c_client *client = data->client;
+	size_t size = word_count * (SGP_WORD_LEN + SGP_CRC8_LEN);
+	u8 *data_buf;
+
+	ret = i2c_master_send(client, (const char *)&cmd, SGP_CMD_LEN);
+	if (ret != SGP_CMD_LEN)
+		return -EIO;
+	usleep_range(duration_us, duration_us + 1000);
+
+	if (word_count == 0)
+		return 0;
+
+	data_buf = &buf->start;
+	ret = i2c_master_recv(client, data_buf, size);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+	if (ret != size)
+		return -EIO;
+
+	return sgp_verify_buffer(data, buf, word_count);
+}
+
+/**
+ * sgp_i2c_write_cmd() - write data to SGP sensor with a command
+ * @data:       SGP data
+ * @cmd:        SGP Command to issue
+ * @buf:        Data to write
+ * @buf_size:   Data size of the buffer
+ *
+ * Return:      0 on success, negative error otherwise.
+ */
+static int sgp_write_cmd(struct sgp_data *data, enum sgp_cmd cmd, u16 *buf,
+			 size_t buf_size, unsigned long duration_us)
+{
+	int ret, ix;
+	u16 buf_idx;
+	u8 buffer[SGP_CMD_MAX_BUF_SIZE];
+
+	/* assemble buffer */
+	*((__be16 *)&buffer[0]) = cmd;
+	buf_idx = SGP_CMD_LEN;
+	for (ix = 0; ix < buf_size; ix++) {
+		*((__be16 *)&buffer[buf_idx]) = cpu_to_be16(buf[ix]);
+		buf_idx += SGP_WORD_LEN;
+		buffer[buf_idx] = crc8(sgp_crc8_table,
+				       &buffer[buf_idx - SGP_WORD_LEN],
+				       SGP_WORD_LEN, SGP_CRC8_INIT);
+		buf_idx += SGP_CRC8_LEN;
+	}
+	ret = i2c_master_send(data->client, buffer, buf_idx);
+	if (ret != buf_idx)
+		return -EIO;
+	ret = 0;
+	usleep_range(duration_us, duration_us + 1000);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * sgp_measure_iaq() - measure and retrieve IAQ values from sensor
+ * The caller must hold data->data_lock for the duration of the call.
+ * @data:       SGP data
+ *
+ * Return:      0 on success, -EBUSY on default values, negative error
+ *              otherwise.
+ */
+
+static int sgp_measure_iaq(struct sgp_data *data)
+{
+	int ret;
+	/* data contains default values */
+	bool default_vals = !time_after(jiffies, data->iaq_init_start_jiffies +
+						 data->iaq_defval_skip_jiffies);
+
+	ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, data->measure_iaq_cmd, &data->iaq_buffer,
+			   SGP_MEASUREMENT_LEN, SGP_MEASUREMENT_DURATION_US);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	data->iaq_buffer_state = IAQ_BUFFER_DEFAULT_VALS;
+
+	if (default_vals)
+		return -EBUSY;
+
+	data->iaq_buffer_state = IAQ_BUFFER_VALID;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void sgp_iaq_thread_sleep_until(const struct sgp_data *data,
+				       unsigned long sleep_jiffies)
+{
+	const long IAQ_POLL = 50000;
+
+	while (!time_after(jiffies, sleep_jiffies)) {
+		usleep_range(IAQ_POLL, IAQ_POLL + 10000);
+		if (kthread_should_stop() || data->iaq_init_start_jiffies == 0)
+			return;
+	}
+}
+
+static int sgp_iaq_threadfn(void *p)
+{
+	struct sgp_data *data = (struct sgp_data *)p;
+	unsigned long next_update_jiffies;
+	int ret;
+
+	while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
+		mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
+		if (data->iaq_init_start_jiffies == 0) {
+			if (data->iaq_init_fn)
+				data->iaq_init_fn(data);
+			ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, data->iaq_init_cmd, NULL, 0,
+					   SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
+			if (ret < 0)
+				goto unlock_sleep_continue;
+			data->iaq_init_start_jiffies = jiffies;
+			if (data->user_baseline[0]) {
+				ret = sgp_write_cmd(data, SGP_CMD_SET_BASELINE,
+						    data->user_baseline,
+						    data->baseline_len,
+						    SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
+				if (ret < 0) {
+					dev_err(&data->client->dev,
+						"IAQ set baseline failed [%d]\n",
+						ret);
+					goto unlock_sleep_continue;
+				}
+			}
+			if (data->iaq_init_duration_jiffies) {
+				mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+				sgp_iaq_thread_sleep_until(data,
+					    data->iaq_init_start_jiffies +
+					    data->iaq_init_duration_jiffies);
+				continue;
+			}
+		}
+
+		ret = sgp_measure_iaq(data);
+		if (ret && ret != -EBUSY) {
+			dev_warn(&data->client->dev, "IAQ measurement error [%d]\n",
+				 ret);
+		}
+unlock_sleep_continue:
+		next_update_jiffies = jiffies + data->measure_interval_jiffies;
+		mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+		sgp_iaq_thread_sleep_until(data, next_update_jiffies);
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static ssize_t sgp_absolute_humidity_store(struct device *dev,
+					   __attribute__((unused))
+					   struct device_attribute *attr,
+					   const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
+	u32 ah;
+	u16 ah_scaled;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!data->supports_humidity_compensation)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	ret = kstrtou32(buf, 10, &ah);
+	if (ret != 1 || ah < 0 || ah > 256000)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* ah_scaled = (u16)((ah / 1000.0) * 256.0) */
+	ah_scaled = (u16)(((u64)ah * 256 * 16777) >> 24);
+
+	/* don't disable AH compensation due to rounding */
+	if (ah > 0 && ah_scaled == 0)
+		ah_scaled = 1;
+
+	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
+	ret = sgp_write_cmd(data, SGP_CMD_SET_ABSOLUTE_HUMIDITY,
+			    &ah_scaled, 1, SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
+	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	return count;
+}
+
+static int sgp_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
+			struct iio_chan_spec const *chan, int *val,
+			int *val2, long mask)
+{
+	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+	struct sgp_crc_word *words;
+	int ret;
+
+	switch (mask) {
+	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED:
+		mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
+		if (data->iaq_buffer_state != IAQ_BUFFER_VALID) {
+			mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+			return -EBUSY;
+		}
+		words = data->iaq_buffer.raw_words;
+		switch (chan->address) {
+		case SGP30_IAQ_TVOC_IDX:
+		case SGPC3_IAQ_TVOC_IDX:
+			*val = 0;
+			*val2 = be16_to_cpu(words[1].value);
+			ret = IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_NANO;
+			break;
+		case SGP30_IAQ_CO2EQ_IDX:
+			*val = 0;
+			*val2 = be16_to_cpu(words[0].value);
+			ret = IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_MICRO;
+			break;
+		default:
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+			break;
+		}
+		mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+		break;
+	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW:
+		mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
+		if (chan->address == SGPC3_SIG_ETOH_IDX) {
+			if (data->iaq_buffer_state == IAQ_BUFFER_EMPTY)
+				ret = -EBUSY;
+			else
+				ret = 0;
+			words = data->iaq_buffer.raw_words;
+		} else {
+			ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, data->measure_gas_signals_cmd,
+					   &data->buffer, SGP_MEASUREMENT_LEN,
+					   SGP_MEASUREMENT_DURATION_US);
+			words = data->buffer.raw_words;
+		}
+		if (ret) {
+			mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+			return ret;
+		}
+
+		switch (chan->address) {
+		case SGP30_SIG_ETOH_IDX:
+			*val = be16_to_cpu(words[1].value);
+			ret = IIO_VAL_INT;
+			break;
+		case SGPC3_SIG_ETOH_IDX:
+		case SGP30_SIG_H2_IDX:
+			*val = be16_to_cpu(words[0].value);
+			ret = IIO_VAL_INT;
+			break;
+		}
+		mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+		break;
+	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE:
+		switch (chan->address) {
+		case SGP30_SIG_ETOH_IDX:
+		case SGPC3_SIG_ETOH_IDX:
+		case SGP30_SIG_H2_IDX:
+			*val = 0;
+			*val2 = 1953125;
+			return IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_NANO;
+		default:
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void sgp_restart_iaq_thread(struct sgp_data *data)
+{
+	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
+	data->iaq_buffer_state = IAQ_BUFFER_EMPTY;
+	data->iaq_init_start_jiffies = 0;
+	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+}
+
+static void sgpc3_iaq_init(struct sgp_data *data)
+{
+	int skip_cycles;
+
+	data->iaq_init_duration_jiffies = data->iaq_init_user_duration * HZ;
+	if (data->supports_power_mode) {
+		data->iaq_init_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_CONTINUOUS;
+
+		if (data->power_mode == SGPC3_POWER_MODE_ULTRA_LOW_POWER) {
+			data->measure_interval_jiffies =
+				SGPC3_MEASURE_ULP_INTERVAL_HZ * HZ;
+		} else {
+			data->measure_interval_jiffies =
+				SGPC3_MEASURE_INTERVAL_HZ * HZ;
+		}
+
+		if (data->user_baseline[0])
+			skip_cycles = 1;
+		else if (data->power_mode == SGPC3_POWER_MODE_ULTRA_LOW_POWER)
+			skip_cycles = 2;
+		else
+			skip_cycles = 11;
+	} else {
+		switch (data->iaq_init_user_duration) {
+		case 0:
+			data->iaq_init_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_0;
+			skip_cycles = 1;
+			break;
+		case 16:
+			data->iaq_init_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_16;
+			skip_cycles = 9;
+			break;
+		case 64:
+			data->iaq_init_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_64;
+			skip_cycles = 33;
+			break;
+		case 184:
+			data->iaq_init_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_184;
+			skip_cycles = 93;
+			break;
+		default:
+			data->iaq_init_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_IAQ_INIT_64;
+			skip_cycles = 33;
+			break;
+		}
+		if (!data->user_baseline[0])
+			skip_cycles += 10;
+	}
+	data->iaq_defval_skip_jiffies = data->iaq_init_duration_jiffies +
+					(skip_cycles *
+					 data->measure_interval_jiffies);
+}
+
+static ssize_t sgp_iaq_preheat_store(struct device *dev,
+				     __attribute__((unused))
+				     struct device_attribute *attr,
+				     const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
+	u32 init_duration;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (SGP_VERS_PRODUCT(data) != SGPC3)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
+	ret = kstrtou32(buf, 10, &init_duration);
+	if (ret) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto unlock_fail;
+	}
+
+	if (data->supports_power_mode) {
+		if (init_duration > 300) {
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+			goto unlock_fail;
+		}
+	} else {
+		if (init_duration == 0) {
+		} else if (init_duration <= 16) {
+			init_duration = 16;
+		} else if (init_duration <= 64) {
+			init_duration = 64;
+		} else if (init_duration <= 184) {
+			init_duration = 184;
+		} else {
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+			goto unlock_fail;
+		}
+	}
+
+	data->iaq_init_user_duration = init_duration;
+	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+
+	return count;
+
+unlock_fail:
+	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t sgp_power_mode_store(struct device *dev,
+				    __attribute__((unused))
+				    struct device_attribute *attr,
+				    const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
+	u16 power_mode;
+	int ret;
+	const char ULTRA_LOW[] = "ultra-low";
+	const char LOW[] = "low";
+
+	if (!data->supports_power_mode)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (strncmp(buf, ULTRA_LOW, sizeof(ULTRA_LOW) - 1) == 0)
+		power_mode = SGPC3_POWER_MODE_ULTRA_LOW_POWER;
+	else if (strncmp(buf, LOW, sizeof(LOW) - 1) == 0)
+		power_mode = SGPC3_POWER_MODE_LOW_POWER;
+	else
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
+	if (power_mode == data->power_mode) {
+		mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+		return count;
+	}
+
+	/* Switching power mode invalidates any set baselines */
+	if (power_mode != data->power_mode) {
+		data->user_baseline[0] = 0;
+		data->user_baseline[1] = 0;
+	}
+
+	ret = sgp_write_cmd(data, SGPC3_CMD_SET_POWER_MODE,
+			    &power_mode, 1, SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
+	if (ret) {
+		mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+		return ret;
+	}
+	data->power_mode = power_mode;
+	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+
+	sgp_restart_iaq_thread(data);
+	return count;
+}
+
+static int sgp_get_baseline(struct sgp_data *data, u16 *baseline_words)
+{
+	u16 baseline_word;
+	int ret, ix, jx;
+
+	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
+	ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, SGP_CMD_GET_BASELINE, &data->buffer,
+			   data->baseline_len, SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		goto unlock_fail;
+
+	for (ix = 0, jx = data->baseline_len - 1; ix < data->baseline_len;
+	     ix++, jx--) {
+		baseline_word = be16_to_cpu(data->buffer.raw_words[jx].value);
+		baseline_words[ix] = baseline_word;
+	}
+
+	if (!baseline_words[0])
+		ret = -EBUSY;
+
+unlock_fail:
+	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t sgp_iaq_baseline_show(struct device *dev,
+				     __attribute__((unused))
+				     struct device_attribute *attr,
+				     char *buf)
+{
+	int ret;
+	u16 baseline_words[2];
+	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
+
+	ret = sgp_get_baseline(data, baseline_words);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (data->baseline_len == 1)
+		return sprintf(buf, "%04hx\n", baseline_words[0]);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%04hx%04hx\n", baseline_words[0],
+		       baseline_words[1]);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Retrieve the sensor's baseline and report whether it's valid for persistence
+ * @baseline:   sensor's current baseline
+ *
+ * Return:      1 if the baseline was set manually or the sensor has been
+ *              operating for at least 12h, -EBUSY if the baseline is not yet
+ *              valid, another negative error otherwise.
+ */
+static int sgp_is_baseline_valid(struct sgp_data *data, u16 *baseline_words)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = sgp_get_baseline(data, baseline_words);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
+	ret = (data->user_baseline[0] ||
+	       time_after(jiffies,
+			  data->iaq_init_start_jiffies + 60 * 60 * 12 * HZ));
+	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void sgp_set_baseline(struct sgp_data *data, u16 *baseline_words)
+{
+	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
+	data->user_baseline[0] = baseline_words[0];
+	if (data->baseline_len == 2)
+		data->user_baseline[1] = baseline_words[1];
+	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+	sgp_restart_iaq_thread(data);
+}
+
+static ssize_t sgp_iaq_baseline_store(struct device *dev,
+				      __attribute__((unused))
+				      struct device_attribute *attr,
+				      const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
+	int newline = (count > 0 && buf[count - 1] == '\n');
+	u16 words[2];
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (count - newline == (data->baseline_len * 4)) {
+		if (data->baseline_len == 1)
+			ret = sscanf(buf, "%04hx", &words[0]);
+		else
+			ret = sscanf(buf, "%04hx%04hx", &words[0], &words[1]);
+	}
+
+	if (ret != data->baseline_len) {
+		dev_err(&data->client->dev, "invalid baseline format\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	sgp_set_baseline(data, words);
+	return count;
+}
+
+static ssize_t sgp_selftest_show(struct device *dev,
+				 __attribute__((unused))
+				 struct device_attribute *attr,
+				 char *buf)
+{
+	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
+	u16 baseline_words[2];
+	u16 measure_test;
+	int baseline_valid = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (data->product_id == SGP30) {
+		/* On the SGP30, the self-test interferes with iaq_init */
+		baseline_valid = sgp_is_baseline_valid(data, baseline_words);
+	}
+
+	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
+	ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, SGP_CMD_SELFTEST, &data->buffer,
+			   1, SGP_SELFTEST_DURATION_US);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	measure_test = be16_to_cpu(data->buffer.raw_words[0].value);
+	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+
+	if (data->product_id == SGP30) {
+		if (baseline_valid > 0)
+			sgp_set_baseline(data, baseline_words);
+		else
+			sgp_restart_iaq_thread(data);
+	}
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%s\n",
+		       measure_test ^ SGP_SELFTEST_OK ? "FAILED" : "OK");
+}
+
+static ssize_t sgp_serial_id_show(struct device *dev,
+				 __attribute__((unused))
+				 struct device_attribute *attr,
+				 char *buf)
+{
+	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", data->serial_id);
+}
+
+static ssize_t sgp_feature_set_version_show(struct device *dev,
+					    __attribute__((unused))
+					    struct device_attribute *attr,
+					    char *buf)
+{
+	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%hu.%hu\n", (data->feature_set & 0x00e0) >> 5,
+		       data->feature_set & 0x001f);
+}
+
+static int sgp_get_serial_id(struct sgp_data *data)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct sgp_crc_word *words;
+
+	mutex_lock(&data->data_lock);
+	ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, SGP_CMD_GET_SERIAL_ID, &data->buffer, 3,
+			   SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		goto unlock_fail;
+
+	words = data->buffer.raw_words;
+	data->serial_id = (u64)(be16_to_cpu(words[2].value) & 0xffff)       |
+			  (u64)(be16_to_cpu(words[1].value) & 0xffff) << 16 |
+			  (u64)(be16_to_cpu(words[0].value) & 0xffff) << 32;
+
+unlock_fail:
+	mutex_unlock(&data->data_lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int sgp_check_compat(struct sgp_data *data,
+			    unsigned int product_id)
+{
+	struct sgp_version *supported_versions;
+	u16 ix, num_fs;
+	u16 product = SGP_VERS_PRODUCT(data);
+	u16 reserved = SGP_VERS_RESERVED(data);
+	u16 major = SGP_VERS_MAJOR(data);
+	u16 minor = SGP_VERS_MINOR(data);
+
+	/* driver does not match product */
+	if (product != product_id) {
+		dev_err(&data->client->dev,
+			"sensor reports a different product: 0x%04hx\n",
+			product);
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+	if (reserved) {
+		dev_warn(&data->client->dev, "reserved bits set: 0x%04hx\n",
+			 reserved);
+	}
+	/* engineering samples are not supported: no interface guarantees */
+	if (SGP_VERS_ENG_BIT(data))
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	switch (product) {
+	case SGP30:
+		supported_versions =
+			(struct sgp_version *)supported_versions_sgp30;
+		num_fs = ARRAY_SIZE(supported_versions_sgp30);
+		break;
+	case SGPC3:
+		supported_versions =
+			(struct sgp_version *)supported_versions_sgpc3;
+		num_fs = ARRAY_SIZE(supported_versions_sgpc3);
+		break;
+	default:
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	for (ix = 0; ix < num_fs; ix++) {
+		if (major == supported_versions[ix].major &&
+		    minor >= supported_versions[ix].minor)
+			return 0;
+	}
+	dev_err(&data->client->dev, "unsupported sgp version: %d.%d\n",
+		major, minor);
+	return -ENODEV;
+}
+
+static void sgp_init(struct sgp_data *data)
+{
+	data->iaq_init_cmd = SGP_CMD_IAQ_INIT;
+	data->iaq_init_start_jiffies = 0;
+	data->iaq_init_duration_jiffies = 0;
+	data->iaq_init_user_duration = 0;
+	data->iaq_init_fn = NULL;
+	data->iaq_buffer_state = IAQ_BUFFER_EMPTY;
+	data->user_baseline[0] = 0;
+	data->user_baseline[1] = 0;
+	switch (SGP_VERS_PRODUCT(data)) {
+	case SGP30:
+		data->measure_interval_jiffies = SGP30_MEASURE_INTERVAL_HZ * HZ;
+		data->measure_iaq_cmd = SGP_CMD_IAQ_MEASURE;
+		data->measure_gas_signals_cmd = SGP30_CMD_MEASURE_SIGNAL;
+		data->product_id = SGP30;
+		data->baseline_len = 2;
+		data->supports_humidity_compensation = true;
+		data->iaq_defval_skip_jiffies = 15 * HZ;
+		break;
+	case SGPC3:
+		data->measure_interval_jiffies = SGPC3_MEASURE_INTERVAL_HZ * HZ;
+		data->measure_iaq_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_MEASURE_RAW;
+		data->measure_gas_signals_cmd = SGPC3_CMD_MEASURE_RAW;
+		data->product_id = SGPC3;
+		data->baseline_len = 1;
+		data->power_mode = SGPC3_POWER_MODE_LOW_POWER;
+		data->iaq_init_user_duration =
+			SGPC3_DEFAULT_IAQ_INIT_DURATION_HZ;
+		if (SGP_VERS_MAJOR(data) == 0 && SGP_VERS_MINOR(data) >= 6) {
+			data->supports_humidity_compensation = true;
+			data->supports_power_mode = true;
+		}
+		data->iaq_init_fn = &sgpc3_iaq_init;
+		break;
+	};
+	data->iaq_thread = kthread_run(sgp_iaq_threadfn, data,
+				       "%s-iaq", data->client->name);
+}
+
+static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(in_serial_id, 0444, sgp_serial_id_show, NULL, 0);
+static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(in_feature_set_version, 0444,
+		       sgp_feature_set_version_show, NULL, 0);
+static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(in_selftest, 0444, sgp_selftest_show, NULL, 0);
+static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(set_iaq_preheat_seconds, 0220, NULL,
+		       sgp_iaq_preheat_store, 0);
+static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(in_iaq_baseline, 0444, sgp_iaq_baseline_show, NULL, 0);
+static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(set_iaq_baseline, 0220, NULL, sgp_iaq_baseline_store, 0);
+static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(set_absolute_humidity, 0220, NULL,
+		       sgp_absolute_humidity_store, 0);
+static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(set_power_mode, 0220, NULL,
+		       sgp_power_mode_store, 0);
+
+static struct attribute *sgp_attributes[] = {
+	&iio_dev_attr_in_serial_id.dev_attr.attr,
+	&iio_dev_attr_in_feature_set_version.dev_attr.attr,
+	&iio_dev_attr_in_selftest.dev_attr.attr,
+	&iio_dev_attr_in_iaq_baseline.dev_attr.attr,
+	&iio_dev_attr_set_iaq_baseline.dev_attr.attr,
+	&iio_dev_attr_set_iaq_preheat_seconds.dev_attr.attr,
+	&iio_dev_attr_set_absolute_humidity.dev_attr.attr,
+	&iio_dev_attr_set_power_mode.dev_attr.attr,
+	NULL
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group sgp_attr_group = {
+	.attrs = sgp_attributes,
+};
+
+static const struct iio_info sgp_info = {
+	.attrs		= &sgp_attr_group,
+	.read_raw	= sgp_read_raw,
+};
+
+static const struct of_device_id sgp_dt_ids[] = {
+	{ .compatible = "sensirion,sgp30", .data = (void *)SGP30 },
+	{ .compatible = "sensirion,sgpc3", .data = (void *)SGPC3 },
+	{ }
+};
+
+static int sgp_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
+		     const struct i2c_device_id *id)
+{
+	struct iio_dev *indio_dev;
+	struct sgp_data *data;
+	const struct sgp_device *chip;
+	const struct of_device_id *of_id;
+	unsigned long product_id;
+	int ret;
+
+	indio_dev = devm_iio_device_alloc(&client->dev, sizeof(*data));
+	if (!indio_dev)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	of_id = of_match_device(sgp_dt_ids, &client->dev);
+	if (of_id)
+		product_id = (unsigned long)of_id->data;
+	else
+		product_id = id->driver_data;
+
+	chip = &sgp_devices[product_id];
+	data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+	i2c_set_clientdata(client, indio_dev);
+	data->client = client;
+	crc8_populate_msb(sgp_crc8_table, SGP_CRC8_POLYNOMIAL);
+	mutex_init(&data->data_lock);
+
+	/* get serial id and write it to client data */
+	ret = sgp_get_serial_id(data);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* get feature set version and write it to client data */
+	ret = sgp_read_cmd(data, SGP_CMD_GET_FEATURE_SET, &data->buffer, 1,
+			   SGP_CMD_DURATION_US);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	data->feature_set = be16_to_cpu(data->buffer.raw_words[0].value);
+
+	ret = sgp_check_compat(data, product_id);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	indio_dev->dev.parent = &client->dev;
+	indio_dev->info = &sgp_info;
+	indio_dev->name = id->name;
+	indio_dev->modes = INDIO_DIRECT_MODE;
+
+	indio_dev->channels = chip->channels;
+	indio_dev->num_channels = chip->num_channels;
+
+	ret = devm_iio_device_register(&client->dev, indio_dev);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(&client->dev, "failed to register iio device\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	sgp_init(data);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int sgp_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+	struct iio_dev *indio_dev = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+	struct sgp_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+
+	if (data->iaq_thread)
+		kthread_stop(data->iaq_thread);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct i2c_device_id sgp_id[] = {
+	{ "sgp30", SGP30 },
+	{ "sgpc3", SGPC3 },
+	{ }
+};
+
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, sgp_id);
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, sgp_dt_ids);
+
+static struct i2c_driver sgp_driver = {
+	.driver = {
+		.name	= "sgp30",
+		.of_match_table = of_match_ptr(sgp_dt_ids),
+	},
+	.probe = sgp_probe,
+	.remove = sgp_remove,
+	.id_table = sgp_id,
+};
+module_i2c_driver(sgp_driver);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Andreas Brauchli <andreas.brauchli@sensirion.com>");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Pascal Sachs <pascal.sachs@sensirion.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Sensirion SGP gas sensors");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_VERSION("0.6.0");