Patchwork [16/27] Implement hcall based RTAS for pSeries machines

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Submitter David Gibson
Date March 23, 2011, 5:30 a.m.
Message ID <1300858247-8197-17-git-send-email-david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/88033/
State New
Headers show

Comments

David Gibson - March 23, 2011, 5:30 a.m.
On pSeries machines, operating systems can instantiate "RTAS" (Run-Time
Abstraction Services), a runtime component of the firmware which implements
a number of low-level, infrequently used operations.  On logical partitions
under a hypervisor, many of the RTAS functions require hypervisor
privilege.  For simplicity, therefore, hypervisor systems typically
implement the in-partition RTAS as just a tiny wrapper around a hypercall
which actually implements the various RTAS functions.

This patch implements such a hypercall based RTAS for our emulated pSeries
machine.  A tiny in-partition "firmware" calls a new hypercall, which
looks up available RTAS services in a table.

Signed-off-by: David Gibson <dwg@au1.ibm.com>
---
 Makefile                        |    3 +-
 Makefile.target                 |    2 +-
 configure                       |    4 +-
 hw/spapr.c                      |   26 +++++++-
 hw/spapr.h                      |   22 +++++++
 hw/spapr_hcall.c                |   15 +++++
 hw/spapr_rtas.c                 |  131 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 pc-bios/spapr-rtas.bin          |  Bin 0 -> 20 bytes
 pc-bios/spapr-rtas/Makefile     |   24 +++++++
 pc-bios/spapr-rtas/spapr-rtas.S |   36 +++++++++++
 10 files changed, 257 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 hw/spapr_rtas.c
 create mode 100644 pc-bios/spapr-rtas.bin
 create mode 100644 pc-bios/spapr-rtas/Makefile
 create mode 100644 pc-bios/spapr-rtas/spapr-rtas.S

Patch

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 89e88b4..e0b3fea 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -213,7 +213,8 @@  pxe-ne2k_pci.bin pxe-pcnet.bin \
 pxe-rtl8139.bin pxe-virtio.bin \
 bamboo.dtb petalogix-s3adsp1800.dtb petalogix-ml605.dtb \
 multiboot.bin linuxboot.bin \
-s390-zipl.rom
+s390-zipl.rom \
+spapr-rtas.bin
 else
 BLOBS=
 endif
diff --git a/Makefile.target b/Makefile.target
index 2cea6ad..e52b058 100644
--- a/Makefile.target
+++ b/Makefile.target
@@ -232,7 +232,7 @@  obj-ppc-y += ppc_oldworld.o
 # NewWorld PowerMac
 obj-ppc-y += ppc_newworld.o
 # IBM pSeries (sPAPR)
-obj-ppc-y += spapr.o spapr_hcall.o spapr_vio.o
+obj-ppc-y += spapr.o spapr_hcall.o spapr_rtas.o spapr_vio.o
 obj-ppc-y += spapr_vty.o
 # PowerPC 4xx boards
 obj-ppc-y += ppc4xx_devs.o ppc4xx_pci.o ppc405_uc.o ppc405_boards.o
diff --git a/configure b/configure
index 5a5827f..7d8d890 100755
--- a/configure
+++ b/configure
@@ -2461,7 +2461,9 @@  if test \( "$cpu" = "i386" -o "$cpu" = "x86_64" \) -a \
         "$softmmu" = yes ; then
   roms="optionrom"
 fi
-
+if test "$cpu" = "ppc64" ; then
+  roms="$roms spapr-rtas"
+fi
 
 echo "Install prefix    $prefix"
 echo "BIOS directory    `eval echo $datadir`"
diff --git a/hw/spapr.c b/hw/spapr.c
index 15c1509..59e07d7 100644
--- a/hw/spapr.c
+++ b/hw/spapr.c
@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@ 
 #define KERNEL_LOAD_ADDR        0x00000000
 #define INITRD_LOAD_ADDR        0x02800000
 #define FDT_MAX_SIZE            0x10000
+#define RTAS_MAX_SIZE           0x10000
 
 #define TIMEBASE_FREQ           512000000ULL
 
@@ -53,6 +54,8 @@  static void *spapr_create_fdt(int *fdt_size, ram_addr_t ramsize,
                               target_phys_addr_t initrd_base,
                               target_phys_addr_t initrd_size,
                               const char *kernel_cmdline,
+                              target_phys_addr_t rtas_addr,
+                              target_phys_addr_t rtas_size,
                               long hash_shift)
 {
     void *fdt;
@@ -194,6 +197,12 @@  static void *spapr_create_fdt(int *fdt_size, ram_addr_t ramsize,
         fprintf(stderr, "couldn't setup vio devices in fdt\n");
     }
 
+    /* RTAS */
+    ret = spapr_rtas_device_tree_setup(fdt, rtas_addr, rtas_size);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't set up RTAS device tree properties\n");
+    }
+
     _FDT((fdt_pack(fdt)));
 
     if (fdt_size) {
@@ -225,11 +234,12 @@  static void ppc_spapr_init(ram_addr_t ram_size,
     void *fdt, *htab;
     int i;
     ram_addr_t ram_offset;
-    target_phys_addr_t fdt_addr;
+    target_phys_addr_t fdt_addr, rtas_addr;
     uint32_t kernel_base, initrd_base;
-    long kernel_size, initrd_size, htab_size;
+    long kernel_size, initrd_size, htab_size, rtas_size;
     long pteg_shift = 17;
     int fdt_size;
+    char *filename;
 
     spapr = qemu_malloc(sizeof(*spapr));
     cpu_ppc_hypercall = emulate_spapr_hypercall;
@@ -238,6 +248,8 @@  static void ppc_spapr_init(ram_addr_t ram_size,
      * 2GB, so that it can be processed with 32-bit code if
      * necessary */
     fdt_addr = MIN(ram_size, 0x80000000) - FDT_MAX_SIZE;
+    /* RTAS goes just below that */
+    rtas_addr = fdt_addr - RTAS_MAX_SIZE;
 
     /* init CPUs */
     if (cpu_model == NULL) {
@@ -277,6 +289,14 @@  static void ppc_spapr_init(ram_addr_t ram_size,
         envs[i]->htab_mask = htab_size - 1;
     }
 
+    filename = qemu_find_file(QEMU_FILE_TYPE_BIOS, "spapr-rtas.bin");
+    rtas_size = load_image_targphys(filename, rtas_addr, ram_size - rtas_addr);
+    if (rtas_size < 0) {
+        hw_error("qemu: could not load LPAR rtas '%s'\n", filename);
+        exit(1);
+    }
+    qemu_free(filename);
+
     spapr->vio_bus = spapr_vio_bus_init();
 
     for (i = 0; i < MAX_SERIAL_PORTS; i++) {
@@ -323,7 +343,7 @@  static void ppc_spapr_init(ram_addr_t ram_size,
     /* Prepare the device tree */
     fdt = spapr_create_fdt(&fdt_size, ram_size, cpu_model, envs, spapr,
                            initrd_base, initrd_size, kernel_cmdline,
-                           pteg_shift + 7);
+                           rtas_addr, rtas_size, pteg_shift + 7);
     if (!fdt) {
         hw_error("Couldn't create pSeries device tree\n");
         exit(1);
diff --git a/hw/spapr.h b/hw/spapr.h
index 06cca15..62a040f 100644
--- a/hw/spapr.h
+++ b/hw/spapr.h
@@ -237,6 +237,8 @@  typedef struct sPAPREnvironment {
 #define H_GET_MPP               0x2D4
 #define MAX_HCALL_OPCODE        H_GET_MPP
 
+#define H_RTAS                  0x72746173
+
 extern sPAPREnvironment *spapr;
 
 /*#define DEBUG_SPAPR_HCALLS*/
@@ -257,4 +259,24 @@  void spapr_register_hypercall(target_ulong opcode, spapr_hcall_fn fn);
 target_ulong spapr_hypercall(CPUState *env, target_ulong opcode,
                              target_ulong *args);
 
+static inline uint32_t rtas_ld(target_ulong phys, int n)
+{
+    return ldl_phys(phys + 4*n);
+}
+
+static inline void rtas_st(target_ulong phys, int n, uint32_t val)
+{
+    stl_phys(phys + 4*n, val);
+}
+
+typedef void (*spapr_rtas_fn)(sPAPREnvironment *spapr, uint32_t token,
+                              uint32_t nargs, target_ulong args,
+                              uint32_t nret, target_ulong rets);
+void spapr_rtas_register(const char *name, spapr_rtas_fn fn);
+target_ulong spapr_rtas_call(sPAPREnvironment *spapr,
+                             uint32_t token, uint32_t nargs, target_ulong args,
+                             uint32_t nret, target_ulong rets);
+int spapr_rtas_device_tree_setup(void *fdt, target_phys_addr_t rtas_addr,
+                                 target_phys_addr_t rtas_size);
+
 #endif /* !defined (__HW_SPAPR_H__) */
diff --git a/hw/spapr_hcall.c b/hw/spapr_hcall.c
index 5c2dd88..594e27d 100644
--- a/hw/spapr_hcall.c
+++ b/hw/spapr_hcall.c
@@ -248,6 +248,16 @@  static target_ulong h_protect(CPUState *env, sPAPREnvironment *spapr,
     return H_SUCCESS;
 }
 
+static target_ulong h_rtas(sPAPREnvironment *spapr, target_ulong rtas_r3)
+{
+    uint32_t token = ldl_phys(rtas_r3);
+    uint32_t nargs = ldl_phys(rtas_r3 + 4);
+    uint32_t nret = ldl_phys(rtas_r3 + 8);
+
+    return spapr_rtas_call(spapr, token, nargs, rtas_r3 + 12,
+                           nret, rtas_r3 + 12 + 4*nargs);
+}
+
 struct hypercall {
     spapr_hcall_fn fn;
 } hypercall_table[(MAX_HCALL_OPCODE / 4) + 1];
@@ -283,6 +293,11 @@  target_ulong spapr_hypercall(CPUState *env, target_ulong opcode,
         }
     }
 
+    if (opcode == H_RTAS) {
+        /* H_RTAS is a special case outside the normal range */
+        return h_rtas(spapr, args[0]);
+    }
+
     hcall_dprintf("Unimplemented hcall 0x" TARGET_FMT_lx "\n", opcode);
     return H_FUNCTION;
 }
diff --git a/hw/spapr_rtas.c b/hw/spapr_rtas.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3f090f5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/spapr_rtas.c
@@ -0,0 +1,131 @@ 
+/*
+ * QEMU PowerPC pSeries Logical Partition (aka sPAPR) hardware System Emulator
+ *
+ * Hypercall based emulated RTAS
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011 David Gibson, IBM Corporation.
+ *
+ * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
+ * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
+ * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
+ * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
+ * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
+ * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
+ *
+ * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
+ * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
+ * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
+ * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
+ * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
+ * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
+ * THE SOFTWARE.
+ *
+ */
+#include "cpu.h"
+#include "sysemu.h"
+#include "qemu-char.h"
+#include "hw/qdev.h"
+#include "device_tree.h"
+
+#include "hw/spapr.h"
+#include "hw/spapr_vio.h"
+
+#include <libfdt.h>
+
+#define TOKEN_BASE      0x2000
+#define TOKEN_MAX       0x100
+
+static struct rtas_call {
+    const char *name;
+    spapr_rtas_fn fn;
+} rtas_table[TOKEN_MAX];
+
+struct rtas_call *rtas_next = rtas_table;
+
+target_ulong spapr_rtas_call(sPAPREnvironment *spapr,
+                             uint32_t token, uint32_t nargs, target_ulong args,
+                             uint32_t nret, target_ulong rets)
+{
+    if ((token >= TOKEN_BASE)
+        && ((token - TOKEN_BASE) < TOKEN_MAX)) {
+        struct rtas_call *call = rtas_table + (token - TOKEN_BASE);
+
+        if (call->fn) {
+            call->fn(spapr, token, nargs, args, nret, rets);
+            return H_SUCCESS;
+        }
+    }
+
+    hcall_dprintf("Unknown RTAS token 0x%x\n", token);
+    rtas_st(rets, 0, -3);
+    return H_PARAMETER;
+}
+
+void spapr_rtas_register(const char *name, spapr_rtas_fn fn)
+{
+    assert(rtas_next < (rtas_table + TOKEN_MAX));
+
+    rtas_next->name = name;
+    rtas_next->fn = fn;
+
+    rtas_next++;
+}
+
+int spapr_rtas_device_tree_setup(void *fdt, target_phys_addr_t rtas_addr,
+                                 target_phys_addr_t rtas_size)
+{
+    int ret;
+    int i;
+
+    ret = fdt_add_mem_rsv(fdt, rtas_addr, rtas_size);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't add RTAS reserve entry: %s\n",
+                fdt_strerror(ret));
+        return ret;
+    }
+
+    ret = qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/rtas", "linux,rtas-base",
+                                    rtas_addr);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't add linux,rtas-base property: %s\n",
+                fdt_strerror(ret));
+        return ret;
+    }
+
+    ret = qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/rtas", "linux,rtas-entry",
+                                    rtas_addr);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't add linux,rtas-entry property: %s\n",
+                fdt_strerror(ret));
+        return ret;
+    }
+
+    ret = qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/rtas", "rtas-size",
+                                    rtas_size);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't add rtas-size property: %s\n",
+                fdt_strerror(ret));
+        return ret;
+    }
+
+    for (i = 0; i < TOKEN_MAX; i++) {
+        struct rtas_call *call = &rtas_table[i];
+
+        if (!call->fn) {
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        ret = qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/rtas", call->name,
+                                        i + TOKEN_BASE);
+        if (ret < 0) {
+            fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't add rtas token for %s: %s\n",
+                    call->name, fdt_strerror(ret));
+            return ret;
+        }
+
+    }
+    return 0;
+}
diff --git a/pc-bios/spapr-rtas.bin b/pc-bios/spapr-rtas.bin
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000..eade9c0e8ff0fd3071e3a6638a11c1a2e9a47152
GIT binary patch
literal 20
bcmb<Pk*=^wC@M)vPAqm|U{LaFU{C-6M#cr<

literal 0
HcmV?d00001

diff --git a/pc-bios/spapr-rtas/Makefile b/pc-bios/spapr-rtas/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..dc8b23e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/pc-bios/spapr-rtas/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@ 
+all: build-all
+# Dummy command so that make thinks it has done something
+	@true
+
+include ../../config-host.mak
+include $(SRC_PATH)/rules.mak
+
+$(call set-vpath, $(SRC_PATH)/pc-bios/spapr-rtas)
+
+.PHONY : all clean build-all
+
+#CFLAGS += -I$(SRC_PATH)
+#QEMU_CFLAGS = $(CFLAGS)
+
+build-all: spapr-rtas.bin
+
+%.img: %.o
+	$(call quiet-command,$(CC) -nostdlib -o $@ $<,"  Building $(TARGET_DIR)$@")
+
+%.bin: %.img
+	$(call quiet-command,$(OBJCOPY) -O binary -j .text $< $@,"  Building $(TARGET_DIR)$@")
+
+clean:
+	rm -f *.o *.d *.img *.bin *~
diff --git a/pc-bios/spapr-rtas/spapr-rtas.S b/pc-bios/spapr-rtas/spapr-rtas.S
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..71a8554
--- /dev/null
+++ b/pc-bios/spapr-rtas/spapr-rtas.S
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@ 
+/*
+ * QEMU PowerPC pSeries Logical Partition (aka sPAPR) hardware System Emulator
+ *
+ * Trivial in-partition RTAS implementation, based on a hypercall
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010,2011 David Gibson, IBM Corporation.
+ *
+ * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
+ * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
+ * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
+ * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
+ * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
+ * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
+ *
+ * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
+ * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
+ * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
+ * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
+ * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
+ * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
+ * THE SOFTWARE.
+ *
+ */
+
+#define	H_RTAS	0x72746173
+
+.globl	_start
+_start:
+	mr	4,3
+	lis	3,H_RTAS@h
+	ori	3,3,H_RTAS@l
+	sc	1
+	blr