[v2] Documentation: DT: arm: Add topology property to define package boundaries

Message ID 20180209120034.13388-1-lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com
State Changes Requested, archived
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  • [v2] Documentation: DT: arm: Add topology property to define package boundaries
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Lorenzo Pieralisi Feb. 9, 2018, noon
The current ARM DT topology description provides the operating system
with a topological view of the system that is based on leaf nodes
representing either cores or threads (in an SMT system) and a
hierarchical set of cluster nodes that creates a hierarchical topology
view of how those cores and threads are grouped.

As opposed to the ACPI topology description ([1], PPTT table), this
hierarchical representation of clusters does not allow to describe what
topology level actually represents the physical package boundary, which
is a key piece of information to be used by an operating system to
optimize resource allocation and scheduling.

Define an optional, backward compatible boolean property for cluster
nodes that, by reusing the ACPI nomenclature, add to the ARM DT
topological description a binding to define what cluster level
represents a physical package boundary.

[1] http://www.uefi.org/sites/default/files/resources/ACPI_6_2.pdf

Signed-off-by: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>
Cc: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>
Cc: Sudeep Holla <sudeep.holla@arm.com>
Cc: Jeremy Linton <jeremy.linton@arm.com>
Cc: Morten Rasmussen <morten.rasmussen@arm.com>
Cc: Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
---
v1->v2:

	- Added dual-package example
	- Improved physical-package property description according to review
	- Dropped RFC tag

v1: https://marc.info/?l=linux-arm-kernel&m=151664137216555&w=2

 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt | 432 +++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 432 insertions(+)

Comments

Rob Herring Feb. 18, 2018, 11:44 p.m. | #1
On Fri, Feb 09, 2018 at 12:00:34PM +0000, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
> The current ARM DT topology description provides the operating system
> with a topological view of the system that is based on leaf nodes
> representing either cores or threads (in an SMT system) and a
> hierarchical set of cluster nodes that creates a hierarchical topology
> view of how those cores and threads are grouped.
> 
> As opposed to the ACPI topology description ([1], PPTT table), this
> hierarchical representation of clusters does not allow to describe what
> topology level actually represents the physical package boundary, which
> is a key piece of information to be used by an operating system to
> optimize resource allocation and scheduling.

Don't the NUMA related bindings already provide this?

The only thing I could see this being needed for is servicing (e.g. to 
replace a bad socket).

> 
> Define an optional, backward compatible boolean property for cluster
> nodes that, by reusing the ACPI nomenclature, add to the ARM DT
> topological description a binding to define what cluster level
> represents a physical package boundary.
> 
> [1] http://www.uefi.org/sites/default/files/resources/ACPI_6_2.pdf
> 
> Signed-off-by: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>
> Cc: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>
> Cc: Sudeep Holla <sudeep.holla@arm.com>
> Cc: Jeremy Linton <jeremy.linton@arm.com>
> Cc: Morten Rasmussen <morten.rasmussen@arm.com>
> Cc: Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>
> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
> ---
> v1->v2:
> 
> 	- Added dual-package example
> 	- Improved physical-package property description according to review
> 	- Dropped RFC tag
> 
> v1: https://marc.info/?l=linux-arm-kernel&m=151664137216555&w=2
> 
>  Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt | 432 +++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 432 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt
> index de9eb0486630..09b3b22e57c1 100644
> --- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt
> @@ -109,6 +109,21 @@ Bindings for cluster/cpu/thread nodes are defined as follows:
>  	The cluster node name must be "clusterN" as described in 2.1 above.
>  	A cluster node can not be a leaf node.
>  
> +	Properties for cluster nodes:
> +
> +	- physical-package
> +		Usage: optional
> +		Value type: <empty>
> +		Definition: if present the cluster node represents the
> +			    boundary of a physical package, whether socketed
> +			    or surface mounted.
> +			    The cluster node itself and all its children nodes
> +			    represent a single distinct physical-package unit.
> +			    The cluster node parent and sibling cluster nodes
> +			    (if any) must therefore be considered part of
> +			    separate physical package units in multi
> +			    physical-package systems.
> +
>  	A cluster node's child nodes must be:
>  
>  	- one or more cluster nodes; or
> @@ -470,6 +485,423 @@ cpus {
>  	};
>  };
>  
> +Example 3 (ARM 64-bit, 32-cpu system, 2 packages):

Can't you expand an existing example. If you have the complex cases, you 
can derive simple ones.

> +
> +cpus {
> +	#size-cells = <0>;
> +	#address-cells = <2>;
> +
> +	cpu-map {
> +		cluster0 {
> +			physical-package;

Why not just make this part of the node name? .../cluster0/cluster0/... 
isn't really the best naming IMO.

> +
> +			cluster0 {
> +				core0 {
> +					cpu = <&CPU0>;
> +				};
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Lorenzo Pieralisi Feb. 19, 2018, 12:28 p.m. | #2
On Sun, Feb 18, 2018 at 05:44:52PM -0600, Rob Herring wrote:
> On Fri, Feb 09, 2018 at 12:00:34PM +0000, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
> > The current ARM DT topology description provides the operating system
> > with a topological view of the system that is based on leaf nodes
> > representing either cores or threads (in an SMT system) and a
> > hierarchical set of cluster nodes that creates a hierarchical topology
> > view of how those cores and threads are grouped.
> > 
> > As opposed to the ACPI topology description ([1], PPTT table), this
> > hierarchical representation of clusters does not allow to describe what
> > topology level actually represents the physical package boundary, which
> > is a key piece of information to be used by an operating system to
> > optimize resource allocation and scheduling.
> 
> Don't the NUMA related bindings already provide this?

They provide information for NUMA nodes but those nodes do not
necessarily represent package boundaries (ie we may have systems
with NUMA nodes in-package).

> The only thing I could see this being needed for is servicing (e.g. to 
> replace a bad socket).

Yes - it also an important bit of information to define what a package
is at topological level without resorting to guessing it using cache
topology information.

> > Define an optional, backward compatible boolean property for cluster
> > nodes that, by reusing the ACPI nomenclature, add to the ARM DT
> > topological description a binding to define what cluster level
> > represents a physical package boundary.
> > 
> > [1] http://www.uefi.org/sites/default/files/resources/ACPI_6_2.pdf
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>
> > Cc: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>
> > Cc: Sudeep Holla <sudeep.holla@arm.com>
> > Cc: Jeremy Linton <jeremy.linton@arm.com>
> > Cc: Morten Rasmussen <morten.rasmussen@arm.com>
> > Cc: Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>
> > Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
> > ---
> > v1->v2:
> > 
> > 	- Added dual-package example
> > 	- Improved physical-package property description according to review
> > 	- Dropped RFC tag
> > 
> > v1: https://marc.info/?l=linux-arm-kernel&m=151664137216555&w=2
> > 
> >  Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt | 432 +++++++++++++++++++++
> >  1 file changed, 432 insertions(+)
> > 
> > diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt
> > index de9eb0486630..09b3b22e57c1 100644
> > --- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt
> > +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt
> > @@ -109,6 +109,21 @@ Bindings for cluster/cpu/thread nodes are defined as follows:
> >  	The cluster node name must be "clusterN" as described in 2.1 above.
> >  	A cluster node can not be a leaf node.
> >  
> > +	Properties for cluster nodes:
> > +
> > +	- physical-package
> > +		Usage: optional
> > +		Value type: <empty>
> > +		Definition: if present the cluster node represents the
> > +			    boundary of a physical package, whether socketed
> > +			    or surface mounted.
> > +			    The cluster node itself and all its children nodes
> > +			    represent a single distinct physical-package unit.
> > +			    The cluster node parent and sibling cluster nodes
> > +			    (if any) must therefore be considered part of
> > +			    separate physical package units in multi
> > +			    physical-package systems.
> > +
> >  	A cluster node's child nodes must be:
> >  
> >  	- one or more cluster nodes; or
> > @@ -470,6 +485,423 @@ cpus {
> >  	};
> >  };
> >  
> > +Example 3 (ARM 64-bit, 32-cpu system, 2 packages):
> 
> Can't you expand an existing example. If you have the complex cases, you 
> can derive simple ones.

Yes, I can, I thought that adding a separate example would help but I
will patch an existing one if that makes things simpler.

> > +
> > +cpus {
> > +	#size-cells = <0>;
> > +	#address-cells = <2>;
> > +
> > +	cpu-map {
> > +		cluster0 {
> > +			physical-package;
> 
> Why not just make this part of the node name? .../cluster0/cluster0/... 
> isn't really the best naming IMO.

It would break the bindings rules I think (the 2.1 naming scheme) -
that's why I opted for a property. Actually "cluster" was not a very
nice choice for naming (eg "container" would have been nicer
but "cluster" is what we chose at the time as if such a thing had
architectural significance).

I agree this stuff is not necessarily crystal-clear but please understand
our point - it would be good to have DT/ACPI convergence to interpret
the topology for consistency (ie ACPI defines a "physical package" flag
in the respective topology "container" level).

Please let me know what you think and I will update accordingly.

Thanks,
Lorenzo
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Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt
index de9eb0486630..09b3b22e57c1 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt
@@ -109,6 +109,21 @@  Bindings for cluster/cpu/thread nodes are defined as follows:
 	The cluster node name must be "clusterN" as described in 2.1 above.
 	A cluster node can not be a leaf node.
 
+	Properties for cluster nodes:
+
+	- physical-package
+		Usage: optional
+		Value type: <empty>
+		Definition: if present the cluster node represents the
+			    boundary of a physical package, whether socketed
+			    or surface mounted.
+			    The cluster node itself and all its children nodes
+			    represent a single distinct physical-package unit.
+			    The cluster node parent and sibling cluster nodes
+			    (if any) must therefore be considered part of
+			    separate physical package units in multi
+			    physical-package systems.
+
 	A cluster node's child nodes must be:
 
 	- one or more cluster nodes; or
@@ -470,6 +485,423 @@  cpus {
 	};
 };
 
+Example 3 (ARM 64-bit, 32-cpu system, 2 packages):
+
+cpus {
+	#size-cells = <0>;
+	#address-cells = <2>;
+
+	cpu-map {
+		cluster0 {
+			physical-package;
+
+			cluster0 {
+				core0 {
+					cpu = <&CPU0>;
+				};
+
+				core1 {
+					cpu = <&CPU1>;
+				};
+
+				core2 {
+					cpu = <&CPU2>;
+				};
+
+				core3 {
+					cpu = <&CPU3>;
+				};
+			};
+
+			cluster1 {
+				core0 {
+					cpu = <&CPU4>;
+				};
+
+				core1 {
+					cpu = <&CPU5>;
+				};
+
+				core2 {
+					cpu = <&CPU6>;
+				};
+
+				core3 {
+					cpu = <&CPU7>;
+				};
+			};
+
+			cluster2 {
+				core0 {
+					cpu = <&CPU8>;
+				};
+
+				core1 {
+					cpu = <&CPU9>;
+				};
+
+				core2 {
+					cpu = <&CPU10>;
+				};
+
+				core3 {
+					cpu = <&CPU11>;
+				};
+			};
+
+			cluster3 {
+				core0 {
+					cpu = <&CPU12>;
+				};
+
+				core1 {
+					cpu = <&CPU13>;
+				};
+
+				core2 {
+					cpu = <&CPU14>;
+				};
+
+				core3 {
+					cpu = <&CPU15>;
+				};
+			};
+		};
+
+		cluster1 {
+			physical-package;
+
+			cluster0 {
+				core0 {
+					cpu = <&CPU16>;
+				};
+
+				core1 {
+					cpu = <&CPU17>;
+				};
+
+				core2 {
+					cpu = <&CPU18>;
+				};
+
+				core3 {
+					cpu = <&CPU19>;
+				};
+			};
+
+			cluster1 {
+				core0 {
+					cpu = <&CPU20>;
+				};
+
+				core1 {
+					cpu = <&CPU21>;
+				};
+
+				core2 {
+					cpu = <&CPU22>;
+				};
+
+				core3 {
+					cpu = <&CPU23>;
+				};
+			};
+
+			cluster2 {
+				core0 {
+					cpu = <&CPU24>;
+				};
+
+				core1 {
+					cpu = <&CPU25>;
+				};
+
+				core2 {
+					cpu = <&CPU26>;
+				};
+
+				core3 {
+					cpu = <&CPU27>;
+				};
+			};
+
+			cluster3 {
+				core0 {
+					cpu = <&CPU28>;
+				};
+
+				core1 {
+					cpu = <&CPU29>;
+				};
+
+				core2 {
+					cpu = <&CPU30>;
+				};
+
+				core3 {
+					cpu = <&CPU31>;
+				};
+			};
+		};
+	};
+
+	CPU0: cpu@0 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x0>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU1: cpu@1 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x1>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU2: cpu@2 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x2>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU3: cpu@3 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x3>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU4: cpu@100 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x100>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU5: cpu@101 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x101>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU6: cpu@102 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x102>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU7: cpu@103 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x103>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU8: cpu@200 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x00200>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU9: cpu@201 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x00201>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU10: cpu@202 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x00202>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU11: cpu@203 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x00203>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU12: cpu@300 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x00300>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU13: cpu@301 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x00301>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU14: cpu@302 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x00302>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU15: cpu@303 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x00303>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU16: cpu@10000 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10000>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU17: cpu@10001 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10001>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU18: cpu@10002 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10002>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU19: cpu@10003 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10003>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU20: cpu@10100 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10100>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU21: cpu@10101 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10101>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU22: cpu@10102 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10102>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU23: cpu@10103 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10103>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU24: cpu@10200 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10200>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU25: cpu@10201 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10201>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU26: cpu@10202 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10202>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU27: cpu@10203 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10203>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU28: cpu@10300 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10300>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU29: cpu@10301 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10301>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU30: cpu@10302 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10302>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+
+	CPU31: cpu@10303 {
+		device_type = "cpu";
+		compatible = "arm,cortex-a72";
+		reg = <0x0 0x10303>;
+		enable-method = "spin-table";
+		cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+	};
+};
+
 ===============================================================================
 [1] ARM Linux kernel documentation
     Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.txt