[SRU,Xenial] sched/fair: Fix O(nr_cgroups) in load balance path

Message ID 1518005211-2843-2-git-send-email-gavin.guo@canonical.com
State New
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Series
  • [SRU,Xenial] sched/fair: Fix O(nr_cgroups) in load balance path
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Commit Message

Gavin Guo Feb. 7, 2018, 12:06 p.m.
From: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>

BugLink: https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/1747896

Currently, rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list is a traversal ordered list of all
live cfs_rqs which have ever been active on the CPU; unfortunately,
this makes update_blocked_averages() O(# total cgroups) which isn't
scalable at all.

This shows up as a small CPU consumption and scheduling latency
increase in the load balancing path in systems with CPU controller
enabled across most cgroups.  In an edge case where temporary cgroups
were leaking, this caused the kernel to consume good several tens of
percents of CPU cycles running update_blocked_averages(), each run
taking multiple millisecs.

This patch fixes the issue by taking empty and fully decayed cfs_rqs
off the rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
[ Added cfs_rq_is_decayed() ]
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@linaro.org>
Cc: Chris Mason <clm@fb.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170426004350.GB3222@wtj.duckdns.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

(backported from commit a9e7f6544b9cebdae54d29f87a7ba2a83c0471b5)
Signed-off-by: Gavin Guo <gavin.guo@canonical.com>
---
 kernel/sched/fair.c | 51 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 1 file changed, 39 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index c1e78e9c8f05..0c711cb4fbe8 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -314,8 +314,9 @@  static inline void list_del_leaf_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
 }
 
 /* Iterate thr' all leaf cfs_rq's on a runqueue */
-#define for_each_leaf_cfs_rq(rq, cfs_rq) \
-	list_for_each_entry_rcu(cfs_rq, &rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list, leaf_cfs_rq_list)
+#define for_each_leaf_cfs_rq_safe(rq, cfs_rq, pos)			\
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(cfs_rq, pos, &rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list,	\
+				 leaf_cfs_rq_list)
 
 /* Do the two (enqueued) entities belong to the same group ? */
 static inline struct cfs_rq *
@@ -408,8 +409,8 @@  static inline void list_del_leaf_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
 {
 }
 
-#define for_each_leaf_cfs_rq(rq, cfs_rq) \
-		for (cfs_rq = &rq->cfs; cfs_rq; cfs_rq = NULL)
+#define for_each_leaf_cfs_rq_safe(rq, cfs_rq, pos)	\
+		for (cfs_rq = &rq->cfs, pos = NULL; cfs_rq; cfs_rq = pos)
 
 static inline struct sched_entity *parent_entity(struct sched_entity *se)
 {
@@ -4065,9 +4066,9 @@  static void destroy_cfs_bandwidth(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b)
 
 static void __maybe_unused update_runtime_enabled(struct rq *rq)
 {
-	struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
+	struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, *pos;
 
-	for_each_leaf_cfs_rq(rq, cfs_rq) {
+	for_each_leaf_cfs_rq_safe(rq, cfs_rq, pos) {
 		struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b = &cfs_rq->tg->cfs_bandwidth;
 
 		raw_spin_lock(&cfs_b->lock);
@@ -4078,9 +4079,9 @@  static void __maybe_unused update_runtime_enabled(struct rq *rq)
 
 static void __maybe_unused unthrottle_offline_cfs_rqs(struct rq *rq)
 {
-	struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
+	struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, *pos;
 
-	for_each_leaf_cfs_rq(rq, cfs_rq) {
+	for_each_leaf_cfs_rq_safe(rq, cfs_rq, pos) {
 		if (!cfs_rq->runtime_enabled)
 			continue;
 
@@ -5966,10 +5967,28 @@  static void attach_tasks(struct lb_env *env)
 }
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
+
+static inline bool cfs_rq_is_decayed(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
+{
+	if (cfs_rq->load.weight)
+		return false;
+
+	if (cfs_rq->avg.load_sum)
+		return false;
+
+	if (cfs_rq->avg.util_sum)
+		return false;
+
+	if (cfs_rq->runnable_load_sum)
+		return false;
+
+	return true;
+}
+
 static void update_blocked_averages(int cpu)
 {
 	struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
-	struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
+	struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, *pos;
 	unsigned long flags;
 
 	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
@@ -5979,13 +5998,21 @@  static void update_blocked_averages(int cpu)
 	 * Iterates the task_group tree in a bottom up fashion, see
 	 * list_add_leaf_cfs_rq() for details.
 	 */
-	for_each_leaf_cfs_rq(rq, cfs_rq) {
+	for_each_leaf_cfs_rq_safe(rq, cfs_rq, pos) {
+
 		/* throttled entities do not contribute to load */
 		if (throttled_hierarchy(cfs_rq))
 			continue;
 
 		if (update_cfs_rq_load_avg(cfs_rq_clock_task(cfs_rq), cfs_rq))
 			update_tg_load_avg(cfs_rq, 0);
+
+		/*
+		 * There can be a lot of idle CPU cgroups.  Don't let fully
+		 * decayed cfs_rqs linger on the list.
+		 */
+		if (cfs_rq_is_decayed(cfs_rq))
+			list_del_leaf_cfs_rq(cfs_rq);
 	}
 	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
 }
@@ -8386,10 +8413,10 @@  const struct sched_class fair_sched_class = {
 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
 void print_cfs_stats(struct seq_file *m, int cpu)
 {
-	struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
+	struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, *pos;
 
 	rcu_read_lock();
-	for_each_leaf_cfs_rq(cpu_rq(cpu), cfs_rq)
+	for_each_leaf_cfs_rq_safe(cpu_rq(cpu), cfs_rq, pos)
 		print_cfs_rq(m, cpu, cfs_rq);
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 }