Patchwork [U-Boot,V3] arm: Use optimized memcpy and memset from linux

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Submitter Matthias Weisser
Date March 11, 2011, 7:36 a.m.
Message ID <1299828992-18207-1-git-send-email-weisserm@arcor.de>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/86381/
State Accepted
Delegated to: Albert ARIBAUD
Headers show

Comments

Matthias Weisser - March 11, 2011, 7:36 a.m.
Using optimized versions of memset and memcpy from linux brings a quite
noticeable speed (x2 or better) improvement for these two functions.

Here are some numbers for test done with jadecpu

                           | HEAD(1)| HEAD(1)| HEAD(2)| HEAD(2)|
                           |        | +patch |        | +patch |
---------------------------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
Reset to prompt            |  438ms |  330ms |  228ms |  120ms |
                           |        |        |        |        |
TFTP a 3MB img             | 4782ms | 3428ms | 3245ms | 2820ms |
                           |        |        |        |        |
FATLOAD USB a 3MB img*     | 8515ms | 8510ms | ------ | ------ |
                           |        |        |        |        |
BOOTM LZO img in RAM       | 3473ms | 3168ms |  592ms |  592ms |
 where CRC is              |  615ms |  615ms |   54ms |   54ms |
 uncompress                | 2460ms | 2462ms |  450ms |  451ms |
 final boot_elf            |  376ms |   68ms |   65ms |   65ms |
                           |        |        |        |        |
BOOTM LZO img in FLASH     | 3207ms | 2902ms | 1050ms | 1050ms |
 where CRC is              |  600ms |  600ms |  135ms |  135ms |
 uncompress                | 2209ms | 2211ms |  828ms |  828ms |
                           |        |        |        |        |
Copy 1.4MB from NOR to RAM |  134ms |   72ms |  120ms |   70ms |

(1) No dcache
(2) dcache enabled in board_init
*Does not work when dcache is on

Size impact:

C version:
   text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
 202862   18912  266456  488230   77326 u-boot

ASM version:
   text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
 203798   18912  266288  488998   77626 u-boot
222712  u-boot.bin

Signed-off-by: Matthias Weisser <weisserm@arcor.de>
---

Changes since V2:
  - Moved the history below the --- line
  
Changes since V1:
  - Made the usage of these functions optional be CONFIG_USE_ARCH_MEM
  - Usage of PLD instruction on all architectures supporting it
  - Added a README entry
  - Minor style fixes

 README                           |    6 +
 arch/arm/include/asm/assembler.h |   60 ++++++++++
 arch/arm/include/asm/string.h    |   10 ++-
 arch/arm/lib/Makefile            |    2 +
 arch/arm/lib/memcpy.S            |  241 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm/lib/memset.S            |  126 ++++++++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 443 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/include/asm/assembler.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/lib/memcpy.S
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/lib/memset.S
Albert ARIBAUD - March 24, 2011, 2:34 p.m.
Le 11/03/2011 08:36, Matthias Weisser a écrit :
> Using optimized versions of memset and memcpy from linux brings a quite
> noticeable speed (x2 or better) improvement for these two functions.
>
> Here are some numbers for test done with jadecpu
>
>                             | HEAD(1)| HEAD(1)| HEAD(2)| HEAD(2)|
>                             |        | +patch |        | +patch |
> ---------------------------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
> Reset to prompt            |  438ms |  330ms |  228ms |  120ms |
>                             |        |        |        |        |
> TFTP a 3MB img             | 4782ms | 3428ms | 3245ms | 2820ms |
>                             |        |        |        |        |
> FATLOAD USB a 3MB img*     | 8515ms | 8510ms | ------ | ------ |
>                             |        |        |        |        |
> BOOTM LZO img in RAM       | 3473ms | 3168ms |  592ms |  592ms |
>   where CRC is              |  615ms |  615ms |   54ms |   54ms |
>   uncompress                | 2460ms | 2462ms |  450ms |  451ms |
>   final boot_elf            |  376ms |   68ms |   65ms |   65ms |
>                             |        |        |        |        |
> BOOTM LZO img in FLASH     | 3207ms | 2902ms | 1050ms | 1050ms |
>   where CRC is              |  600ms |  600ms |  135ms |  135ms |
>   uncompress                | 2209ms | 2211ms |  828ms |  828ms |
>                             |        |        |        |        |
> Copy 1.4MB from NOR to RAM |  134ms |   72ms |  120ms |   70ms |
>
> (1) No dcache
> (2) dcache enabled in board_init
> *Does not work when dcache is on
>
> Size impact:
>
> C version:
>     text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
>   202862   18912  266456  488230   77326 u-boot
>
> ASM version:
>     text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
>   203798   18912  266288  488998   77626 u-boot
> 222712  u-boot.bin
>
> Signed-off-by: Matthias Weisser<weisserm@arcor.de>
> ---

Applied to u-boot-arm/master, thanks.

Amicalement,

Patch

diff --git a/README b/README
index 755d17c..c2d82a5 100644
--- a/README
+++ b/README
@@ -2885,6 +2885,12 @@  Low Level (hardware related) configuration options:
 		that is executed before the actual U-Boot. E.g. when
 		compiling a NAND SPL.
 
+- CONFIG_USE_ARCH_MEMCPY
+  CONFIG_USE_ARCH_MEMSET
+		If these options are used a optimized version of memcpy/memset will
+		be used if available. These functions may be faster under some
+		conditions but may increase the binary size.
+
 Building the Software:
 ======================
 
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/assembler.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/assembler.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5e4789b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/assembler.h
@@ -0,0 +1,60 @@ 
+/*
+ *  arch/arm/include/asm/assembler.h
+ *
+ *  Copyright (C) 1996-2000 Russell King
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ *  This file contains arm architecture specific defines
+ *  for the different processors.
+ *
+ *  Do not include any C declarations in this file - it is included by
+ *  assembler source.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Endian independent macros for shifting bytes within registers.
+ */
+#ifndef __ARMEB__
+#define pull		lsr
+#define push		lsl
+#define get_byte_0	lsl #0
+#define get_byte_1	lsr #8
+#define get_byte_2	lsr #16
+#define get_byte_3	lsr #24
+#define put_byte_0	lsl #0
+#define put_byte_1	lsl #8
+#define put_byte_2	lsl #16
+#define put_byte_3	lsl #24
+#else
+#define pull		lsl
+#define push		lsr
+#define get_byte_0	lsr #24
+#define get_byte_1	lsr #16
+#define get_byte_2	lsr #8
+#define get_byte_3      lsl #0
+#define put_byte_0	lsl #24
+#define put_byte_1	lsl #16
+#define put_byte_2	lsl #8
+#define put_byte_3      lsl #0
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Data preload for architectures that support it
+ */
+#if defined(__ARM_ARCH_5E__) || defined(__ARM_ARCH_5TE__) || \
+	defined(__ARM_ARCH_6__) || defined(__ARM_ARCH_6J__) || \
+	defined(__ARM_ARCH_6T2__) || defined(__ARM_ARCH_6Z__) || \
+	defined(__ARM_ARCH_6ZK__) || defined(__ARM_ARCH_7A__) || \
+	defined(__ARM_ARCH_7R__)
+#define PLD(code...)	code
+#else
+#define PLD(code...)
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Cache alligned
+ */
+#define CALGN(code...) code
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/string.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/string.h
index c3ea582..c6dfb25 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/string.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/string.h
@@ -1,6 +1,8 @@ 
 #ifndef __ASM_ARM_STRING_H
 #define __ASM_ARM_STRING_H
 
+#include <config.h>
+
 /*
  * We don't do inline string functions, since the
  * optimised inline asm versions are not small.
@@ -12,7 +14,9 @@  extern char * strrchr(const char * s, int c);
 #undef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCHR
 extern char * strchr(const char * s, int c);
 
-#undef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCPY
+#ifdef CONFIG_USE_ARCH_MEMCPY
+#define __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCPY
+#endif
 extern void * memcpy(void *, const void *, __kernel_size_t);
 
 #undef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMMOVE
@@ -22,7 +26,9 @@  extern void * memmove(void *, const void *, __kernel_size_t);
 extern void * memchr(const void *, int, __kernel_size_t);
 
 #undef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMZERO
-#undef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET
+#ifdef CONFIG_USE_ARCH_MEMSET
+#define __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET
+#endif
 extern void * memset(void *, int, __kernel_size_t);
 
 #if 0
diff --git a/arch/arm/lib/Makefile b/arch/arm/lib/Makefile
index 454440c..03b1b5e 100644
--- a/arch/arm/lib/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/lib/Makefile
@@ -44,6 +44,8 @@  COBJS-y	+= cache-cp15.o
 endif
 COBJS-y	+= interrupts.o
 COBJS-y	+= reset.o
+SOBJS-$(CONFIG_USE_ARCH_MEMSET) += memset.o
+SOBJS-$(CONFIG_USE_ARCH_MEMCPY) += memcpy.o
 
 SRCS	:= $(GLSOBJS:.o=.S) $(GLCOBJS:.o=.c) \
 	   $(SOBJS-y:.o=.S) $(COBJS-y:.o=.c)
diff --git a/arch/arm/lib/memcpy.S b/arch/arm/lib/memcpy.S
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..40db90e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/lib/memcpy.S
@@ -0,0 +1,241 @@ 
+/*
+ *  linux/arch/arm/lib/memcpy.S
+ *
+ *  Author:	Nicolas Pitre
+ *  Created:	Sep 28, 2005
+ *  Copyright:	MontaVista Software, Inc.
+ *
+ *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ *  published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <asm/assembler.h>
+
+#define W(instr)	instr
+
+#define LDR1W_SHIFT	0
+#define STR1W_SHIFT	0
+
+	.macro ldr1w ptr reg abort
+	W(ldr) \reg, [\ptr], #4
+	.endm
+
+	.macro ldr4w ptr reg1 reg2 reg3 reg4 abort
+	ldmia \ptr!, {\reg1, \reg2, \reg3, \reg4}
+	.endm
+
+	.macro ldr8w ptr reg1 reg2 reg3 reg4 reg5 reg6 reg7 reg8 abort
+	ldmia \ptr!, {\reg1, \reg2, \reg3, \reg4, \reg5, \reg6, \reg7, \reg8}
+	.endm
+
+	.macro ldr1b ptr reg cond=al abort
+	ldr\cond\()b \reg, [\ptr], #1
+	.endm
+
+	.macro str1w ptr reg abort
+	W(str) \reg, [\ptr], #4
+	.endm
+
+	.macro str8w ptr reg1 reg2 reg3 reg4 reg5 reg6 reg7 reg8 abort
+	stmia \ptr!, {\reg1, \reg2, \reg3, \reg4, \reg5, \reg6, \reg7, \reg8}
+	.endm
+
+	.macro str1b ptr reg cond=al abort
+	str\cond\()b \reg, [\ptr], #1
+	.endm
+
+	.macro enter reg1 reg2
+	stmdb sp!, {r0, \reg1, \reg2}
+	.endm
+
+	.macro exit reg1 reg2
+	ldmfd sp!, {r0, \reg1, \reg2}
+	.endm
+
+	.text
+
+/* Prototype: void *memcpy(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n); */
+
+.globl memcpy
+memcpy:
+
+		enter	r4, lr
+
+		subs	r2, r2, #4
+		blt	8f
+		ands	ip, r0, #3
+	PLD(	pld	[r1, #0]		)
+		bne	9f
+		ands	ip, r1, #3
+		bne	10f
+
+1:		subs	r2, r2, #(28)
+		stmfd	sp!, {r5 - r8}
+		blt	5f
+
+	CALGN(	ands	ip, r0, #31		)
+	CALGN(	rsb	r3, ip, #32		)
+	CALGN(	sbcnes	r4, r3, r2		)  @ C is always set here
+	CALGN(	bcs	2f			)
+	CALGN(	adr	r4, 6f			)
+	CALGN(	subs	r2, r2, r3		)  @ C gets set
+	CALGN(	add	pc, r4, ip		)
+
+	PLD(	pld	[r1, #0]		)
+2:	PLD(	subs	r2, r2, #96		)
+	PLD(	pld	[r1, #28]		)
+	PLD(	blt	4f			)
+	PLD(	pld	[r1, #60]		)
+	PLD(	pld	[r1, #92]		)
+
+3:	PLD(	pld	[r1, #124]		)
+4:		ldr8w	r1, r3, r4, r5, r6, r7, r8, ip, lr, abort=20f
+		subs	r2, r2, #32
+		str8w	r0, r3, r4, r5, r6, r7, r8, ip, lr, abort=20f
+		bge	3b
+	PLD(	cmn	r2, #96			)
+	PLD(	bge	4b			)
+
+5:		ands	ip, r2, #28
+		rsb	ip, ip, #32
+#if LDR1W_SHIFT > 0
+		lsl	ip, ip, #LDR1W_SHIFT
+#endif
+		addne	pc, pc, ip		@ C is always clear here
+		b	7f
+6:
+		.rept	(1 << LDR1W_SHIFT)
+		W(nop)
+		.endr
+		ldr1w	r1, r3, abort=20f
+		ldr1w	r1, r4, abort=20f
+		ldr1w	r1, r5, abort=20f
+		ldr1w	r1, r6, abort=20f
+		ldr1w	r1, r7, abort=20f
+		ldr1w	r1, r8, abort=20f
+		ldr1w	r1, lr, abort=20f
+
+#if LDR1W_SHIFT < STR1W_SHIFT
+		lsl	ip, ip, #STR1W_SHIFT - LDR1W_SHIFT
+#elif LDR1W_SHIFT > STR1W_SHIFT
+		lsr	ip, ip, #LDR1W_SHIFT - STR1W_SHIFT
+#endif
+		add	pc, pc, ip
+		nop
+		.rept	(1 << STR1W_SHIFT)
+		W(nop)
+		.endr
+		str1w	r0, r3, abort=20f
+		str1w	r0, r4, abort=20f
+		str1w	r0, r5, abort=20f
+		str1w	r0, r6, abort=20f
+		str1w	r0, r7, abort=20f
+		str1w	r0, r8, abort=20f
+		str1w	r0, lr, abort=20f
+
+	CALGN(	bcs	2b			)
+
+7:		ldmfd	sp!, {r5 - r8}
+
+8:		movs	r2, r2, lsl #31
+		ldr1b	r1, r3, ne, abort=21f
+		ldr1b	r1, r4, cs, abort=21f
+		ldr1b	r1, ip, cs, abort=21f
+		str1b	r0, r3, ne, abort=21f
+		str1b	r0, r4, cs, abort=21f
+		str1b	r0, ip, cs, abort=21f
+
+		exit	r4, pc
+
+9:		rsb	ip, ip, #4
+		cmp	ip, #2
+		ldr1b	r1, r3, gt, abort=21f
+		ldr1b	r1, r4, ge, abort=21f
+		ldr1b	r1, lr, abort=21f
+		str1b	r0, r3, gt, abort=21f
+		str1b	r0, r4, ge, abort=21f
+		subs	r2, r2, ip
+		str1b	r0, lr, abort=21f
+		blt	8b
+		ands	ip, r1, #3
+		beq	1b
+
+10:		bic	r1, r1, #3
+		cmp	ip, #2
+		ldr1w	r1, lr, abort=21f
+		beq	17f
+		bgt	18f
+
+
+		.macro	forward_copy_shift pull push
+
+		subs	r2, r2, #28
+		blt	14f
+
+	CALGN(	ands	ip, r0, #31		)
+	CALGN(	rsb	ip, ip, #32		)
+	CALGN(	sbcnes	r4, ip, r2		)  @ C is always set here
+	CALGN(	subcc	r2, r2, ip		)
+	CALGN(	bcc	15f			)
+
+11:		stmfd	sp!, {r5 - r9}
+
+	PLD(	pld	[r1, #0]		)
+	PLD(	subs	r2, r2, #96		)
+	PLD(	pld	[r1, #28]		)
+	PLD(	blt	13f			)
+	PLD(	pld	[r1, #60]		)
+	PLD(	pld	[r1, #92]		)
+
+12:	PLD(	pld	[r1, #124]		)
+13:		ldr4w	r1, r4, r5, r6, r7, abort=19f
+		mov	r3, lr, pull #\pull
+		subs	r2, r2, #32
+		ldr4w	r1, r8, r9, ip, lr, abort=19f
+		orr	r3, r3, r4, push #\push
+		mov	r4, r4, pull #\pull
+		orr	r4, r4, r5, push #\push
+		mov	r5, r5, pull #\pull
+		orr	r5, r5, r6, push #\push
+		mov	r6, r6, pull #\pull
+		orr	r6, r6, r7, push #\push
+		mov	r7, r7, pull #\pull
+		orr	r7, r7, r8, push #\push
+		mov	r8, r8, pull #\pull
+		orr	r8, r8, r9, push #\push
+		mov	r9, r9, pull #\pull
+		orr	r9, r9, ip, push #\push
+		mov	ip, ip, pull #\pull
+		orr	ip, ip, lr, push #\push
+		str8w	r0, r3, r4, r5, r6, r7, r8, r9, ip, , abort=19f
+		bge	12b
+	PLD(	cmn	r2, #96			)
+	PLD(	bge	13b			)
+
+		ldmfd	sp!, {r5 - r9}
+
+14:		ands	ip, r2, #28
+		beq	16f
+
+15:		mov	r3, lr, pull #\pull
+		ldr1w	r1, lr, abort=21f
+		subs	ip, ip, #4
+		orr	r3, r3, lr, push #\push
+		str1w	r0, r3, abort=21f
+		bgt	15b
+	CALGN(	cmp	r2, #0			)
+	CALGN(	bge	11b			)
+
+16:		sub	r1, r1, #(\push / 8)
+		b	8b
+
+		.endm
+
+
+		forward_copy_shift	pull=8	push=24
+
+17:		forward_copy_shift	pull=16	push=16
+
+18:		forward_copy_shift	pull=24	push=8
+
diff --git a/arch/arm/lib/memset.S b/arch/arm/lib/memset.S
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0cdf895
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/lib/memset.S
@@ -0,0 +1,126 @@ 
+/*
+ *  linux/arch/arm/lib/memset.S
+ *
+ *  Copyright (C) 1995-2000 Russell King
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ *  ASM optimised string functions
+ */
+#include <asm/assembler.h>
+
+	.text
+	.align	5
+	.word	0
+
+1:	subs	r2, r2, #4		@ 1 do we have enough
+	blt	5f			@ 1 bytes to align with?
+	cmp	r3, #2			@ 1
+	strltb	r1, [r0], #1		@ 1
+	strleb	r1, [r0], #1		@ 1
+	strb	r1, [r0], #1		@ 1
+	add	r2, r2, r3		@ 1 (r2 = r2 - (4 - r3))
+/*
+ * The pointer is now aligned and the length is adjusted.  Try doing the
+ * memset again.
+ */
+
+.globl memset
+memset:
+	ands	r3, r0, #3		@ 1 unaligned?
+	bne	1b			@ 1
+/*
+ * we know that the pointer in r0 is aligned to a word boundary.
+ */
+	orr	r1, r1, r1, lsl #8
+	orr	r1, r1, r1, lsl #16
+	mov	r3, r1
+	cmp	r2, #16
+	blt	4f
+
+#if ! CALGN(1)+0
+
+/*
+ * We need an extra register for this loop - save the return address and
+ * use the LR
+ */
+	str	lr, [sp, #-4]!
+	mov	ip, r1
+	mov	lr, r1
+
+2:	subs	r2, r2, #64
+	stmgeia	r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr}	@ 64 bytes at a time.
+	stmgeia	r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr}
+	stmgeia	r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr}
+	stmgeia	r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr}
+	bgt	2b
+	ldmeqfd	sp!, {pc}		@ Now <64 bytes to go.
+/*
+ * No need to correct the count; we're only testing bits from now on
+ */
+	tst	r2, #32
+	stmneia	r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr}
+	stmneia	r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr}
+	tst	r2, #16
+	stmneia	r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr}
+	ldr	lr, [sp], #4
+
+#else
+
+/*
+ * This version aligns the destination pointer in order to write
+ * whole cache lines at once.
+ */
+
+	stmfd	sp!, {r4-r7, lr}
+	mov	r4, r1
+	mov	r5, r1
+	mov	r6, r1
+	mov	r7, r1
+	mov	ip, r1
+	mov	lr, r1
+
+	cmp	r2, #96
+	tstgt	r0, #31
+	ble	3f
+
+	and	ip, r0, #31
+	rsb	ip, ip, #32
+	sub	r2, r2, ip
+	movs	ip, ip, lsl #(32 - 4)
+	stmcsia	r0!, {r4, r5, r6, r7}
+	stmmiia	r0!, {r4, r5}
+	tst	ip, #(1 << 30)
+	mov	ip, r1
+	strne	r1, [r0], #4
+
+3:	subs	r2, r2, #64
+	stmgeia	r0!, {r1, r3-r7, ip, lr}
+	stmgeia	r0!, {r1, r3-r7, ip, lr}
+	bgt	3b
+	ldmeqfd	sp!, {r4-r7, pc}
+
+	tst	r2, #32
+	stmneia	r0!, {r1, r3-r7, ip, lr}
+	tst	r2, #16
+	stmneia	r0!, {r4-r7}
+	ldmfd	sp!, {r4-r7, lr}
+
+#endif
+
+4:	tst	r2, #8
+	stmneia	r0!, {r1, r3}
+	tst	r2, #4
+	strne	r1, [r0], #4
+/*
+ * When we get here, we've got less than 4 bytes to zero.  We
+ * may have an unaligned pointer as well.
+ */
+5:	tst	r2, #2
+	strneb	r1, [r0], #1
+	strneb	r1, [r0], #1
+	tst	r2, #1
+	strneb	r1, [r0], #1
+	mov	pc, lr