[v5,8/9] docs: Add section for NVMe VFIO driver

Message ID 20180112085555.14447-9-famz@redhat.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • block: Add VFIO based driver for NVMe device
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Commit Message

Fam Zheng Jan. 12, 2018, 8:55 a.m.
Signed-off-by: Fam Zheng <famz@redhat.com>
Message-Id: <20180110091846.10699-9-famz@redhat.com>
---
 docs/qemu-block-drivers.texi | 37 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 37 insertions(+)

Comments

Stefan Hajnoczi Jan. 12, 2018, 9:45 a.m. | #1
On Fri, Jan 12, 2018 at 04:55:54PM +0800, Fam Zheng wrote:
> Signed-off-by: Fam Zheng <famz@redhat.com>
> Message-Id: <20180110091846.10699-9-famz@redhat.com>
> ---
>  docs/qemu-block-drivers.texi | 37 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 37 insertions(+)

Reviewed-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>

Patch

diff --git a/docs/qemu-block-drivers.texi b/docs/qemu-block-drivers.texi
index 503c1847aa..cd74767ed3 100644
--- a/docs/qemu-block-drivers.texi
+++ b/docs/qemu-block-drivers.texi
@@ -785,6 +785,43 @@  warning: ssh server @code{ssh.example.com:22} does not support fsync
 With sufficiently new versions of libssh2 and OpenSSH, @code{fsync} is
 supported.
 
+@node disk_images_nvme
+@subsection NVMe disk images
+
+NVM Express (NVMe) storage controllers can be accessed directly by a userspace
+driver in QEMU.  This bypasses the host kernel file system and block layers
+while retaining QEMU block layer functionalities, such as block jobs, I/O
+throttling, image formats, etc.  Disk I/O performance is typically higher than
+with @code{-drive file=/dev/sda} using either thread pool or linux-aio.
+
+The controller will be exclusively used by the QEMU process once started. To be
+able to share storage between multiple VMs and other applications on the host,
+please use the file based protocols.
+
+Before starting QEMU, bind the host NVMe controller to the host vfio-pci
+driver.  For example:
+
+@example
+# modprobe vfio-pci
+# lspci -n -s 0000:06:0d.0
+06:0d.0 0401: 1102:0002 (rev 08)
+# echo 0000:06:0d.0 > /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:06:0d.0/driver/unbind
+# echo 1102 0002 > /sys/bus/pci/drivers/vfio-pci/new_id
+
+# qemu-system-x86_64 -drive file=nvme://@var{host}:@var{bus}:@var{slot}.@var{func}/@var{namespace}
+@end example
+
+Alternative syntax using properties:
+
+@example
+qemu-system-x86_64 -drive file.driver=nvme,file.device=@var{host}:@var{bus}:@var{slot}.@var{func},file.namespace=@var{namespace}
+@end example
+
+@var{host}:@var{bus}:@var{slot}.@var{func} is the NVMe controller's PCI device
+address on the host.
+
+@var{namespace} is the NVMe namespace number, starting from 1.
+
 @node disk_image_locking
 @subsection Disk image file locking