[v9,04/51] powerpc: track allocation status of all pkeys

Message ID 1509958663-18737-5-git-send-email-linuxram@us.ibm.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • powerpc, mm: Memory Protection Keys
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Commit Message

Ram Pai Nov. 6, 2017, 8:56 a.m.
Total 32 keys are available on power7 and above. However
pkey 0,1 are reserved. So effectively we  have  30 pkeys.

On 4K kernels, we do not  have  5  bits  in  the  PTE to
represent  all the keys; we only have 3bits.Two of those
keys are reserved; pkey 0 and pkey 1. So effectively  we
have 6 pkeys.

This patch keeps track of reserved keys, allocated  keys
and keys that are currently free.

Also it  adds  skeletal  functions  and macros, that the
architecture-independent code expects to be available.

Reviewed-by: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Ram Pai <linuxram@us.ibm.com>
---
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/mmu.h |    9 +++
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h   |    1 +
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/pkeys.h         |   95 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_book3s64.c   |    2 +
 arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c                  |   33 ++++++++++
 5 files changed, 136 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/mmu.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/mmu.h
index 37fdede..df17fbc 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/mmu.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/mmu.h
@@ -108,6 +108,15 @@  struct patb_entry {
 #ifdef CONFIG_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
 	struct list_head iommu_group_mem_list;
 #endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_MEM_KEYS
+	/*
+	 * Each bit represents one protection key.
+	 * bit set   -> key allocated
+	 * bit unset -> key available for allocation
+	 */
+	u32 pkey_allocation_map;
+#endif
 } mm_context_t;
 
 /*
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index 2c24447..6d7c4f1 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -145,6 +145,7 @@  static inline bool arch_vma_access_permitted(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 
 #ifndef CONFIG_PPC_MEM_KEYS
 #define pkey_initialize()
+#define pkey_mm_init(mm)
 #endif /* CONFIG_PPC_MEM_KEYS */
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/pkeys.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/pkeys.h
index a54cb39..e5deac7 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/pkeys.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/pkeys.h
@@ -15,21 +15,101 @@ 
 #include <linux/jump_label.h>
 
 DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(pkey_disabled);
-#define ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS 0
+extern int pkeys_total; /* total pkeys as per device tree */
+extern u32 initial_allocation_mask; /* bits set for reserved keys */
+
+/*
+ * powerpc needs VM_PKEY_BIT* bit to enable pkey system.
+ * Without them, at least compilation needs to succeed.
+ */
+#ifndef VM_PKEY_BIT0
+#define VM_PKEY_SHIFT 0
+#define VM_PKEY_BIT0 0
+#define VM_PKEY_BIT1 0
+#define VM_PKEY_BIT2 0
+#define VM_PKEY_BIT3 0
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * powerpc needs an additional vma bit to support 32 keys. Till the additional
+ * vma bit lands in include/linux/mm.h we can only support 16 keys.
+ */
+#ifndef VM_PKEY_BIT4
+#define VM_PKEY_BIT4 0
+#endif
+
+#define ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS (VM_PKEY_BIT0 | VM_PKEY_BIT1 | VM_PKEY_BIT2 | \
+			    VM_PKEY_BIT3 | VM_PKEY_BIT4)
+
+#define arch_max_pkey() pkeys_total
+
+#define pkey_alloc_mask(pkey) (0x1 << pkey)
+
+#define mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) (mm->context.pkey_allocation_map)
+
+#define __mm_pkey_allocated(mm, pkey) {	\
+	mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) |= pkey_alloc_mask(pkey); \
+}
+
+#define __mm_pkey_free(mm, pkey) {	\
+	mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) &= ~pkey_alloc_mask(pkey);	\
+}
+
+#define __mm_pkey_is_allocated(mm, pkey)	\
+	(mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) & pkey_alloc_mask(pkey))
+
+#define __mm_pkey_is_reserved(pkey) (initial_allocation_mask & \
+				       pkey_alloc_mask(pkey))
 
 static inline bool mm_pkey_is_allocated(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey)
 {
-	return false;
+	/* A reserved key is never considered as 'explicitly allocated' */
+	return ((pkey < arch_max_pkey()) &&
+		!__mm_pkey_is_reserved(pkey) &&
+		__mm_pkey_is_allocated(mm, pkey));
 }
 
+/*
+ * Returns a positive, 5-bit key on success, or -1 on failure.
+ * Relies on the mmap_sem to protect against concurrency in mm_pkey_alloc() and
+ * mm_pkey_free().
+ */
 static inline int mm_pkey_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm)
 {
-	return -1;
+	/*
+	 * Note: this is the one and only place we make sure that the pkey is
+	 * valid as far as the hardware is concerned. The rest of the kernel
+	 * trusts that only good, valid pkeys come out of here.
+	 */
+	u32 all_pkeys_mask = (u32)(~(0x0));
+	int ret;
+
+	if (static_branch_likely(&pkey_disabled))
+		return -1;
+
+	/*
+	 * Are we out of pkeys? We must handle this specially because ffz()
+	 * behavior is undefined if there are no zeros.
+	 */
+	if (mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) == all_pkeys_mask)
+		return -1;
+
+	ret = ffz((u32)mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm));
+	__mm_pkey_allocated(mm, ret);
+	return ret;
 }
 
 static inline int mm_pkey_free(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey)
 {
-	return -EINVAL;
+	if (static_branch_likely(&pkey_disabled))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (!mm_pkey_is_allocated(mm, pkey))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	__mm_pkey_free(mm, pkey);
+
+	return 0;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -53,5 +133,12 @@  static inline int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static inline void pkey_mm_init(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+	if (static_branch_likely(&pkey_disabled))
+		return;
+	mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) = initial_allocation_mask;
+}
+
 extern void pkey_initialize(void);
 #endif /*_ASM_POWERPC_KEYS_H */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_book3s64.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_book3s64.c
index 05e1538..5df223a 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_book3s64.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_book3s64.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/string.h>
 #include <linux/types.h>
 #include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/pkeys.h>
 #include <linux/spinlock.h>
 #include <linux/idr.h>
 #include <linux/export.h>
@@ -118,6 +119,7 @@  static int hash__init_new_context(struct mm_struct *mm)
 
 	subpage_prot_init_new_context(mm);
 
+	pkey_mm_init(mm);
 	return index;
 }
 
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c
index c97a7a0..512bdf2 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c
@@ -13,18 +13,51 @@ 
 
 DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(pkey_disabled);
 bool pkey_execute_disable_supported;
+int  pkeys_total;		/* Total pkeys as per device tree */
+u32  initial_allocation_mask;	/* Bits set for reserved keys */
 
 void __init pkey_initialize(void)
 {
+	int os_reserved, i;
+
 	/*
 	 * Disable the pkey system till everything is in place. A subsequent
 	 * patch will enable it.
 	 */
 	static_branch_enable(&pkey_disabled);
 
+	/* Lets assume 32 keys */
+	pkeys_total = 32;
+
+	/*
+	 * Adjust the upper limit, based on the number of bits supported by
+	 * arch-neutral code.
+	 */
+	pkeys_total = min_t(int, pkeys_total,
+			(ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS >> VM_PKEY_SHIFT));
+
 	/*
 	 * Disable execute_disable support for now. A subsequent patch will
 	 * enable it.
 	 */
 	pkey_execute_disable_supported = false;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_4K_PAGES
+	/*
+	 * The OS can manage only 8 pkeys due to its inability to represent them
+	 * in the Linux 4K PTE.
+	 */
+	os_reserved = pkeys_total - 8;
+#else
+	os_reserved = 0;
+#endif
+	/*
+	 * Bits are in LE format. NOTE: 1, 0 are reserved.
+	 * key 0 is the default key, which allows read/write/execute.
+	 * key 1 is recommended not to be used. PowerISA(3.0) page 1015,
+	 * 	programming note.
+	 */
+	initial_allocation_mask = ~0x0;
+	for (i = 2; i < (pkeys_total - os_reserved); i++)
+		initial_allocation_mask &= ~(0x1 << i);
 }