Patchwork [17/28] Implement hcall based RTAS for pSeries machines

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Submitter qemu@gibson.dropbear.id.au
Date Feb. 15, 2011, 4:56 a.m.
Message ID <1297745799-26148-18-git-send-email-qemu@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/83176/
State New
Headers show

Comments

qemu@gibson.dropbear.id.au - Feb. 15, 2011, 4:56 a.m.
From: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>

On pSeries machines, operating systems can instantiate "RTAS" (Run-Time
Abstraction Services), a runtime component of the firmware which implements
a number of low-level, infrequently used operations.  On logical partitions
under a hypervisor, many of the RTAS functions require hypervisor
privilege.  For simplicity, therefore, hypervisor systems typically
implement the in-partition RTAS as just a tiny wrapper around a hypercall
which actually implements the various RTAS functions.

This patch implements such a hypercall based RTAS for our emulated pSeries
machine.  A tiny in-partition "firmware" calls a new hypercall, which
looks up available RTAS services in a table.


Signed-off-by: David Gibson <dwg@au1.ibm.com>
---
 Makefile               |    3 +-
 Makefile.target        |    2 +-
 hw/spapr.c             |   27 +++++++++++--
 hw/spapr.h             |   21 ++++++++++
 hw/spapr_hcall.c       |   15 +++++++
 hw/spapr_rtas.c        |  104 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 pc-bios/spapr-rtas.bin |  Bin 0 -> 20 bytes
 7 files changed, 166 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 hw/spapr_rtas.c
 create mode 100644 pc-bios/spapr-rtas.bin

diff --git a/pc-bios/spapr-rtas.bin b/pc-bios/spapr-rtas.bin
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000..eade9c0e8ff0fd3071e3a6638a11c1a2e9a47152
GIT binary patch
literal 20
bcmb<Pk*=^wC@M)vPAqm|U{LaFU{C-6M#cr<

literal 0
HcmV?d00001

Patch

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index eca4c76..fc4bd24 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -213,7 +213,8 @@  pxe-ne2k_pci.bin pxe-pcnet.bin \
 pxe-rtl8139.bin pxe-virtio.bin \
 bamboo.dtb petalogix-s3adsp1800.dtb \
 multiboot.bin linuxboot.bin \
-s390-zipl.rom
+s390-zipl.rom \
+spapr-rtas.bin
 else
 BLOBS=
 endif
diff --git a/Makefile.target b/Makefile.target
index ba243bf..fa59109 100644
--- a/Makefile.target
+++ b/Makefile.target
@@ -232,7 +232,7 @@  obj-ppc-y += ppc_oldworld.o
 # NewWorld PowerMac
 obj-ppc-y += ppc_newworld.o
 # IBM pSeries (sPAPR)
-obj-ppc-y += spapr.o spapr_hcall.o spapr_vio.o
+obj-ppc-y += spapr.o spapr_hcall.o spapr_rtas.o spapr_vio.o
 obj-ppc-y += spapr_vty.o
 # PowerPC 4xx boards
 obj-ppc-y += ppc4xx_devs.o ppc4xx_pci.o ppc405_uc.o ppc405_boards.o
diff --git a/hw/spapr.c b/hw/spapr.c
index c3d9286..f41451b 100644
--- a/hw/spapr.c
+++ b/hw/spapr.c
@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@ 
 #define KERNEL_LOAD_ADDR        0x00000000
 #define INITRD_LOAD_ADDR        0x02800000
 #define FDT_MAX_SIZE            0x10000
+#define RTAS_MAX_SIZE           0x10000
 
 #define TIMEBASE_FREQ           512000000ULL
 
@@ -51,6 +52,8 @@  static void *spapr_create_fdt(int *fdt_size, ram_addr_t ramsize,
                               target_phys_addr_t initrd_base,
                               target_phys_addr_t initrd_size,
                               const char *kernel_cmdline,
+                              target_phys_addr_t rtas_addr,
+                              target_phys_addr_t rtas_size,
                               long hash_shift)
 {
     void *fdt;
@@ -162,7 +165,7 @@  static void *spapr_create_fdt(int *fdt_size, ram_addr_t ramsize,
 
     _FDT((fdt_property(fdt, "ibm,hypertas-functions", hypertas_prop,
                        sizeof(hypertas_prop))));
-    
+
     _FDT((fdt_end_node(fdt)));
 
     /* vdevice */
@@ -186,6 +189,11 @@  static void *spapr_create_fdt(int *fdt_size, ram_addr_t ramsize,
         fprintf(stderr, "couldn't setup vio devices in fdt\n");
     }
 
+    /* RTAS */
+    ret = spapr_rtas_device_tree_setup(fdt, rtas_addr, rtas_size);
+    if (ret < 0)
+        fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't set up RTAS device tree properties\n");
+
     _FDT((fdt_pack(fdt)));
 
     if (fdt_size) {
@@ -218,12 +226,13 @@  static void ppc_spapr_init(ram_addr_t ram_size,
     void *fdt, *htab;
     int i;
     ram_addr_t ram_offset;
-    target_phys_addr_t fdt_addr;
+    target_phys_addr_t fdt_addr, rtas_addr;
     uint32_t kernel_base, initrd_base;
-    long kernel_size, initrd_size, htab_size;
+    long kernel_size, initrd_size, htab_size, rtas_size;
     long pteg_shift = 17;
     int fdt_size;
     sPAPREnvironment *spapr;
+    char *filename;
 
     spapr = qemu_malloc(sizeof(*spapr));
 
@@ -231,6 +240,8 @@  static void ppc_spapr_init(ram_addr_t ram_size,
      * 2GB, so that it can be processed with 32-bit code if
      * necessary */
     fdt_addr = MIN(ram_size, 0x80000000) - FDT_MAX_SIZE;
+    /* RTAS goes just below that */
+    rtas_addr = fdt_addr - RTAS_MAX_SIZE;
 
     /* init CPUs */
     if (cpu_model == NULL) {
@@ -271,6 +282,14 @@  static void ppc_spapr_init(ram_addr_t ram_size,
         envs[i]->htab_mask = htab_size - 1;
     }
 
+    filename = qemu_find_file(QEMU_FILE_TYPE_BIOS, "spapr-rtas.bin");
+    rtas_size = load_image_targphys(filename, rtas_addr, ram_size - rtas_addr);
+    if (rtas_size < 0) {
+        hw_error("qemu: could not load LPAR rtas '%s'\n", filename);
+        exit(1);
+    }
+    qemu_free(filename);
+
     spapr->vio_bus = spapr_vio_bus_init();
 
     for (i = 0; i < MAX_SERIAL_PORTS; i++) {
@@ -317,7 +336,7 @@  static void ppc_spapr_init(ram_addr_t ram_size,
     /* Prepare the device tree */
     fdt = spapr_create_fdt(&fdt_size, ram_size, cpu_model, envs, spapr,
                            initrd_base, initrd_size, kernel_cmdline,
-                           pteg_shift + 7);
+                           rtas_addr, rtas_size, pteg_shift + 7);
     if (!fdt) {
         hw_error("Couldn't create pSeries device tree\n");
         exit(1);
diff --git a/hw/spapr.h b/hw/spapr.h
index 47bf2ef..7a7c319 100644
--- a/hw/spapr.h
+++ b/hw/spapr.h
@@ -237,6 +237,8 @@  typedef struct sPAPREnvironment {
 #define H_GET_MPP               0x2D4
 #define MAX_HCALL_OPCODE        H_GET_MPP
 
+#define H_RTAS                  0x72746173
+
 typedef target_ulong (*spapr_hcall_fn)(CPUState *env, sPAPREnvironment *spapr,
                                        target_ulong opcode,
                                        target_ulong *args);
@@ -245,5 +247,24 @@  void spapr_register_hypercall(target_ulong opcode, spapr_hcall_fn fn);
 target_ulong spapr_hypercall(CPUState *env, sPAPREnvironment *spapr,
                              target_ulong opcode, target_ulong *args);
 
+static inline uint32_t rtas_ld(target_ulong phys, int n)
+{
+    return ldl_phys(phys + 4*n);
+}
+
+static inline void rtas_st(target_ulong phys, int n, uint32_t val)
+{
+    stl_phys(phys + 4*n, val);
+}
+
+typedef void (*spapr_rtas_fn)(sPAPREnvironment *spapr, uint32_t token,
+                              uint32_t nargs, target_ulong args,
+                              uint32_t nret, target_ulong rets);
+void spapr_rtas_register(const char *name, spapr_rtas_fn fn);
+target_ulong spapr_rtas_call(sPAPREnvironment *spapr,
+                             uint32_t token, uint32_t nargs, target_ulong args,
+                             uint32_t nret, target_ulong rets);
+int spapr_rtas_device_tree_setup(void *fdt, target_phys_addr_t rtas_addr,
+                                 target_phys_addr_t rtas_size);
 
 #endif /* !defined (__HW_SPAPR_H__) */
diff --git a/hw/spapr_hcall.c b/hw/spapr_hcall.c
index 2b14000..7b8e17c 100644
--- a/hw/spapr_hcall.c
+++ b/hw/spapr_hcall.c
@@ -241,6 +241,16 @@  static target_ulong h_protect(CPUState *env, sPAPREnvironment *spapr,
     return H_SUCCESS;
 }
 
+static target_ulong h_rtas(sPAPREnvironment *spapr, target_ulong rtas_r3)
+{
+    uint32_t token = ldl_phys(rtas_r3);
+    uint32_t nargs = ldl_phys(rtas_r3 + 4);
+    uint32_t nret = ldl_phys(rtas_r3 + 8);
+
+    return spapr_rtas_call(spapr, token, nargs, rtas_r3 + 12,
+                           nret, rtas_r3 + 12 + 4*nargs);
+}
+
 struct hypercall {
     spapr_hcall_fn fn;
 } hypercall_table[(MAX_HCALL_OPCODE / 4) + 1];
@@ -276,6 +286,11 @@  target_ulong spapr_hypercall(CPUState *env, sPAPREnvironment *spapr,
             return hc->fn(env, spapr, opcode, args);
     }
 
+    if (opcode == H_RTAS) {
+        /* H_RTAS is a special case outside the normal range */
+        return h_rtas(spapr, args[0]);
+    }
+
     fprintf(stderr, "Unimplemented hcall 0x" TARGET_FMT_lx "\n", opcode);
     return H_FUNCTION;
 }
diff --git a/hw/spapr_rtas.c b/hw/spapr_rtas.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c606018
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/spapr_rtas.c
@@ -0,0 +1,104 @@ 
+#include "cpu.h"
+#include "sysemu.h"
+#include "qemu-char.h"
+#include "hw/qdev.h"
+#include "device_tree.h"
+
+#include "hw/spapr.h"
+#include "hw/spapr_vio.h"
+
+#include <libfdt.h>
+
+#define TOKEN_BASE      0x2000
+#define TOKEN_MAX       0x100
+
+static struct rtas_call {
+    const char *name;
+    spapr_rtas_fn fn;
+} rtas_table[TOKEN_MAX];
+
+struct rtas_call *rtas_next = rtas_table;
+
+target_ulong spapr_rtas_call(sPAPREnvironment *spapr,
+                             uint32_t token, uint32_t nargs, target_ulong args,
+                             uint32_t nret, target_ulong rets)
+{
+    if ((token >= TOKEN_BASE)
+        && ((token - TOKEN_BASE) < TOKEN_MAX)) {
+        struct rtas_call *call = rtas_table + (token - TOKEN_BASE);
+
+        if (call->fn) {
+            call->fn(spapr, token, nargs, args, nret, rets);
+            return H_SUCCESS;
+        }
+    }
+
+    fprintf(stderr, "Unknown RTAS token 0x%x\n", token);
+    rtas_st(rets, 0, -3);
+    return H_PARAMETER;
+}
+
+void spapr_rtas_register(const char *name, spapr_rtas_fn fn)
+{
+    assert(rtas_next < (rtas_table + TOKEN_MAX));
+
+    rtas_next->name = name;
+    rtas_next->fn = fn;
+
+    rtas_next++;
+}
+
+int spapr_rtas_device_tree_setup(void *fdt, target_phys_addr_t rtas_addr,
+                                 target_phys_addr_t rtas_size)
+{
+    int ret;
+    int i;
+
+    ret = fdt_add_mem_rsv(fdt, rtas_addr, rtas_size);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't add RTAS reserve entry: %s\n",
+                fdt_strerror(ret));
+        return ret;
+    }
+
+    ret = qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/rtas", "linux,rtas-base",
+                                    rtas_addr);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't add linux,rtas-base property: %s\n",
+                fdt_strerror(ret));
+        return ret;
+    }
+
+    ret = qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/rtas", "linux,rtas-entry",
+                                    rtas_addr);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't add linux,rtas-entry property: %s\n",
+                fdt_strerror(ret));
+        return ret;
+    }
+
+    ret = qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/rtas", "rtas-size",
+                                    rtas_size);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't add rtas-size property: %s\n",
+                fdt_strerror(ret));
+        return ret;
+    }
+
+    for (i = 0; i < TOKEN_MAX; i++) {
+        struct rtas_call *call = &rtas_table[i];
+
+        if (!call->fn) {
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        ret = qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/rtas", call->name, i + TOKEN_BASE);
+        if (ret < 0) {
+            fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't add rtas token for %s: %s\n",
+                    call->name, fdt_strerror(ret));
+            return ret;
+        }
+
+    }
+    return 0;
+}