Patchwork [4/4,v3] ext4: Speed up FITRIM by recording flags in ext4_group_info.

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Submitter Tao Ma
Date Feb. 11, 2011, 6:29 a.m.
Message ID <>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/82716/
State Superseded
Headers show


Tao Ma - Feb. 11, 2011, 6:29 a.m.
From: Tao Ma <>

In ext4, when FITRIM is called every time, we iterate all the
groups and do trim one by one. It is a bit time wasting if the
group has been trimmed and there is no change since the last

So this patch adds a new flag in ext4_group_info->bb_state to
indicate that the group has been trimmed, and it will be cleared
if some blocks is freed(in release_blocks_on_commit). Another
trim_minlen is added in ext4_sb_info to record the last minlen
we use to trim the volume, so that if the caller provide a small
one, we will go on the trim regardless of the bb_state.

A simple test with my intel x25m ssd:
df -h shows:
/dev/sdb2             108G   35G   68G  34% /mnt/ext4
Block size:               4096

run the FITRIM with the following parameter:
range.start = 0;
range.len = UINT64_MAX;
range.minlen = 1048576;

without the patch:
[root@boyu-tm test]# time ./ftrim /mnt/ext4/a
real	0m4.039s
user	0m0.000s
sys	0m1.020s
[root@boyu-tm test]# time ./ftrim /mnt/ext4/a
real	0m3.577s
user	0m0.001s
sys	0m1.004s
[root@boyu-tm test]# time ./ftrim /mnt/ext4/a
real	0m3.380s
user	0m0.000s
sys	0m0.991s

with the patch:
[root@boyu-tm test]# time ./ftrim /mnt/ext4/a
real	0m3.466s
user	0m0.000s
sys	0m0.966s
[root@boyu-tm test]# time ./ftrim /mnt/ext4/a
real	0m0.001s
user	0m0.000s
sys	0m0.001s
[root@boyu-tm test]# time ./ftrim /mnt/ext4/a
real	0m0.001s
user	0m0.000s
sys	0m0.000s

A big improvement for the 2nd and 3rd run.

Even after I delete some big image files, it is still much
faster than iterating the whole disk.
/dev/sdb2             108G   25G   78G  24% /mnt/ext4

[root@boyu-tm test]# time ./ftrim /mnt/ext4/a
real	0m0.513s
user	0m0.000s
sys	0m0.069s

Cc: Lukas Czerner <>
Reviewed-by: Andreas Dilger <>
Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <>
 fs/ext4/ext4.h    |   13 ++++++++++++-
 fs/ext4/mballoc.c |   20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 32 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)


diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
index 0c8d97b..259887d 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
@@ -1200,6 +1200,9 @@  struct ext4_sb_info {
 	struct ext4_li_request *s_li_request;
 	/* Wait multiplier for lazy initialization thread */
 	unsigned int s_li_wait_mult;
+	/* record the last minlen when FITRIM is called. */
+	u64 s_last_trim_minblks;
 static inline struct ext4_sb_info *EXT4_SB(struct super_block *sb)
@@ -1970,11 +1973,19 @@  struct ext4_group_info {
 					 * 5 free 8-block regions. */
 #define EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp)	\
 	(test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state)))
+#define EXT4_MB_GRP_WAS_TRIMMED(grp)	\
+	(test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state)))
+#define EXT4_MB_GRP_SET_TRIMMED(grp)	\
+	(set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state)))
+#define EXT4_MB_GRP_CLEAR_TRIMMED(grp)	\
+	(clear_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state)))
diff --git a/fs/ext4/mballoc.c b/fs/ext4/mballoc.c
index 4eadac8..f1eef35 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/mballoc.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/mballoc.c
@@ -2687,6 +2687,15 @@  static void release_blocks_on_commit(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *txn)
 		rb_erase(&entry->node, &(db->bb_free_root));
 		mb_free_blocks(NULL, &e4b, entry->start_blk, entry->count);
+		/*
+		 * Clear the trimmed flag for the group so that the next
+		 * ext4_trim_fs can trim it.
+		 * If the volume is mounted with -o discard, online discard
+		 * is supported and the free blocks will be trimmed online.
+		 */
+		if (!test_opt(sb, DISCARD))
 		if (!db->bb_free_root.rb_node) {
 			/* No more items in the per group rb tree
 			 * balance refcounts from ext4_mb_free_metadata()
@@ -4772,6 +4781,10 @@  ext4_grpblk_t ext4_trim_all_free(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_buddy *e4b,
 	ext4_lock_group(sb, group);
+	if (EXT4_MB_GRP_WAS_TRIMMED(e4b->bd_info) &&
+	    minblocks >= EXT4_SB(sb)->s_last_trim_minblks)
+		goto out;
 	trace_ext4_trim_all_free(sb, group, start, max);
 	while (start < max) {
@@ -4804,6 +4817,10 @@  ext4_grpblk_t ext4_trim_all_free(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_buddy *e4b,
 		if ((e4b->bd_info->bb_free - free_count) < minblocks)
+	if (!ret)
+		EXT4_MB_GRP_SET_TRIMMED(e4b->bd_info);
 	ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
 	ext4_debug("trimmed %d blocks in the group %d\n",
@@ -4892,6 +4909,9 @@  int ext4_trim_fs(struct super_block *sb, struct fstrim_range *range)
 	range->len = trimmed * sb->s_blocksize;
+	if (!ret)
+		EXT4_SB(sb)->s_last_trim_minblks = minlen;
 	return ret;