[net-next,V7,2/5] bpf: XDP_REDIRECT enable use of cpumap

Message ID 150781121480.9409.8960944163420860419.stgit@firesoul
State Changes Requested
Delegated to: David Miller
Headers show
Series
  • New bpf cpumap type for XDP_REDIRECT
Related show

Commit Message

Jesper Dangaard Brouer Oct. 12, 2017, 12:26 p.m.
This patch connects cpumap to the xdp_do_redirect_map infrastructure.

Still no SKB allocation are done yet.  The XDP frames are transferred
to the other CPU, but they are simply refcnt decremented on the remote
CPU.  This served as a good benchmark for measuring the overhead of
remote refcnt decrement.  If driver page recycle cache is not
efficient then this, exposes a bottleneck in the page allocator.

A shout-out to MST's ptr_ring, which is the secret behind is being so
efficient to transfer memory pointers between CPUs, without constantly
bouncing cache-lines between CPUs.

V3: Handle !CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL pointed out by kbuild test robot.

V4: Make Generic-XDP aware of cpumap type, but don't allow redirect yet,
 as implementation require a separate upstream discussion.

V5:
 - Fix a maybe-uninitialized pointed out by kbuild test robot.
 - Restrict bpf-prog side access to cpumap, open when use-cases appear
 - Implement cpu_map_enqueue() as a more simple void pointer enqueue

V6:
 - Allow cpumap type for usage in helper bpf_redirect_map,
   general bpf-prog side restriction moved to earlier patch.

Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>
---
 include/linux/bpf.h        |   31 +++++++++-
 include/trace/events/xdp.h |   10 +++
 kernel/bpf/cpumap.c        |   22 +++++++
 kernel/bpf/verifier.c      |    3 +
 net/core/filter.c          |  140 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 5 files changed, 172 insertions(+), 34 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
index 4373125de1f3..6d4dd844828a 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
@@ -355,6 +355,13 @@  struct net_device  *__dev_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, u32 key);
 void __dev_map_insert_ctx(struct bpf_map *map, u32 index);
 void __dev_map_flush(struct bpf_map *map);
 
+struct bpf_cpu_map_entry *__cpu_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, u32 key);
+void __cpu_map_insert_ctx(struct bpf_map *map, u32 index);
+void __cpu_map_flush(struct bpf_map *map);
+struct xdp_buff;
+int cpu_map_enqueue(struct bpf_cpu_map_entry *rcpu, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
+		    struct net_device *dev_rx);
+
 /* Return map's numa specified by userspace */
 static inline int bpf_map_attr_numa_node(const union bpf_attr *attr)
 {
@@ -362,7 +369,7 @@  static inline int bpf_map_attr_numa_node(const union bpf_attr *attr)
 		attr->numa_node : NUMA_NO_NODE;
 }
 
-#else
+#else /* !CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL */
 static inline struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_get(u32 ufd)
 {
 	return ERR_PTR(-EOPNOTSUPP);
@@ -425,6 +432,28 @@  static inline void __dev_map_insert_ctx(struct bpf_map *map, u32 index)
 static inline void __dev_map_flush(struct bpf_map *map)
 {
 }
+
+static inline
+struct bpf_cpu_map_entry *__cpu_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, u32 key)
+{
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static inline void __cpu_map_insert_ctx(struct bpf_map *map, u32 index)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void __cpu_map_flush(struct bpf_map *map)
+{
+}
+
+struct xdp_buff;
+static inline int cpu_map_enqueue(struct bpf_cpu_map_entry *rcpu,
+				  struct xdp_buff *xdp,
+				  struct net_device *dev_rx)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
 #endif /* CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL */
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_STREAM_PARSER) && defined(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL)
diff --git a/include/trace/events/xdp.h b/include/trace/events/xdp.h
index 4e16c43fba10..eb2ece96c1a2 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/xdp.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/xdp.h
@@ -136,12 +136,18 @@  DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT(xdp_redirect_template, xdp_redirect_map_err,
 		  __entry->map_id, __entry->map_index)
 );
 
+#define devmap_ifindex(fwd, map)				\
+	(!fwd ? 0 :						\
+	 (!map ? 0 :						\
+	  ((map->map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP) ?		\
+	   ((struct net_device *)fwd)->ifindex : 0)))
+
 #define _trace_xdp_redirect_map(dev, xdp, fwd, map, idx)		\
-	 trace_xdp_redirect_map(dev, xdp, fwd ? fwd->ifindex : 0,	\
+	 trace_xdp_redirect_map(dev, xdp, devmap_ifindex(fwd, map),	\
 				0, map, idx)
 
 #define _trace_xdp_redirect_map_err(dev, xdp, fwd, map, idx, err)	\
-	 trace_xdp_redirect_map_err(dev, xdp, fwd ? fwd->ifindex : 0,	\
+	 trace_xdp_redirect_map_err(dev, xdp, devmap_ifindex(fwd, map),	\
 				    err, map, idx)
 
 #endif /* _TRACE_XDP_H */
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/cpumap.c b/kernel/bpf/cpumap.c
index 34db22afcca2..bc989a9ae049 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/cpumap.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/cpumap.c
@@ -501,7 +501,7 @@  struct xdp_pkt {
 /* Runs under RCU-read-side, plus in softirq under NAPI protection.
  * Thus, safe percpu variable access.
  */
-int bq_enqueue(struct bpf_cpu_map_entry *rcpu, struct xdp_pkt *xdp_pkt)
+static int bq_enqueue(struct bpf_cpu_map_entry *rcpu, struct xdp_pkt *xdp_pkt)
 {
 	struct xdp_bulk_queue *bq = this_cpu_ptr(rcpu->bulkq);
 
@@ -521,6 +521,26 @@  int bq_enqueue(struct bpf_cpu_map_entry *rcpu, struct xdp_pkt *xdp_pkt)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+int cpu_map_enqueue(struct bpf_cpu_map_entry *rcpu, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
+		    struct net_device *dev_rx)
+{
+	struct xdp_pkt *xdp_pkt;
+	int headroom;
+
+	/* For now this is just used as a void pointer to data_hard_start.
+	 * Followup patch will generalize this.
+	 */
+	xdp_pkt = xdp->data_hard_start;
+
+	/* Fake writing into xdp_pkt->data to measure overhead */
+	headroom = xdp->data - xdp->data_hard_start;
+	if (headroom < sizeof(*xdp_pkt))
+		xdp_pkt->data = xdp->data;
+
+	bq_enqueue(rcpu, xdp_pkt);
+	return 0;
+}
+
 void __cpu_map_insert_ctx(struct bpf_map *map, u32 bit)
 {
 	struct bpf_cpu_map *cmap = container_of(map, struct bpf_cpu_map, map);
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index d63fb96f114e..6da0e6c04df0 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -1619,7 +1619,8 @@  static int check_map_func_compatibility(struct bpf_map *map, int func_id)
 			goto error;
 		break;
 	case BPF_FUNC_redirect_map:
-		if (map->map_type != BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP)
+		if (map->map_type != BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP &&
+		    map->map_type != BPF_MAP_TYPE_CPUMAP)
 			goto error;
 		break;
 	case BPF_FUNC_sk_redirect_map:
diff --git a/net/core/filter.c b/net/core/filter.c
index b7e8caa1e790..cc26ea62fc6d 100644
--- a/net/core/filter.c
+++ b/net/core/filter.c
@@ -2525,10 +2525,36 @@  static int __bpf_tx_xdp(struct net_device *dev,
 	err = dev->netdev_ops->ndo_xdp_xmit(dev, xdp);
 	if (err)
 		return err;
-	if (map)
+	dev->netdev_ops->ndo_xdp_flush(dev);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int __bpf_tx_xdp_map(struct net_device *dev_rx, void *fwd,
+			    struct bpf_map *map,
+			    struct xdp_buff *xdp,
+			    u32 index)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	if (map->map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP) {
+		struct net_device *dev = fwd;
+
+		if (!dev->netdev_ops->ndo_xdp_xmit)
+			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+		err = dev->netdev_ops->ndo_xdp_xmit(dev, xdp);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
 		__dev_map_insert_ctx(map, index);
-	else
-		dev->netdev_ops->ndo_xdp_flush(dev);
+
+	} else if (map->map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_CPUMAP) {
+		struct bpf_cpu_map_entry *rcpu = fwd;
+
+		err = cpu_map_enqueue(rcpu, xdp, dev_rx);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+		__cpu_map_insert_ctx(map, index);
+	}
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -2538,11 +2564,33 @@  void xdp_do_flush_map(void)
 	struct bpf_map *map = ri->map_to_flush;
 
 	ri->map_to_flush = NULL;
-	if (map)
-		__dev_map_flush(map);
+	if (map) {
+		switch (map->map_type) {
+		case BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP:
+			__dev_map_flush(map);
+			break;
+		case BPF_MAP_TYPE_CPUMAP:
+			__cpu_map_flush(map);
+			break;
+		default:
+			break;
+		}
+	}
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xdp_do_flush_map);
 
+static void *__xdp_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, u32 index)
+{
+	switch (map->map_type) {
+	case BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP:
+		return __dev_map_lookup_elem(map, index);
+	case BPF_MAP_TYPE_CPUMAP:
+		return __cpu_map_lookup_elem(map, index);
+	default:
+		return NULL;
+	}
+}
+
 static inline bool xdp_map_invalid(const struct bpf_prog *xdp_prog,
 				   unsigned long aux)
 {
@@ -2555,8 +2603,8 @@  static int xdp_do_redirect_map(struct net_device *dev, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
 	struct redirect_info *ri = this_cpu_ptr(&redirect_info);
 	unsigned long map_owner = ri->map_owner;
 	struct bpf_map *map = ri->map;
-	struct net_device *fwd = NULL;
 	u32 index = ri->ifindex;
+	void *fwd = NULL;
 	int err;
 
 	ri->ifindex = 0;
@@ -2569,7 +2617,7 @@  static int xdp_do_redirect_map(struct net_device *dev, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
 		goto err;
 	}
 
-	fwd = __dev_map_lookup_elem(map, index);
+	fwd = __xdp_map_lookup_elem(map, index);
 	if (!fwd) {
 		err = -EINVAL;
 		goto err;
@@ -2577,7 +2625,7 @@  static int xdp_do_redirect_map(struct net_device *dev, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
 	if (ri->map_to_flush && ri->map_to_flush != map)
 		xdp_do_flush_map();
 
-	err = __bpf_tx_xdp(fwd, map, xdp, index);
+	err = __bpf_tx_xdp_map(dev, fwd, map, xdp, index);
 	if (unlikely(err))
 		goto err;
 
@@ -2619,54 +2667,88 @@  int xdp_do_redirect(struct net_device *dev, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xdp_do_redirect);
 
-int xdp_do_generic_redirect(struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb,
-			    struct bpf_prog *xdp_prog)
+static int __xdp_generic_ok_fwd_dev(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *fwd)
+{
+	unsigned int len;
+
+	if (unlikely(!(fwd->flags & IFF_UP)))
+		return -ENETDOWN;
+
+	len = fwd->mtu + fwd->hard_header_len + VLAN_HLEN;
+	if (skb->len > len)
+		return -EMSGSIZE;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int xdp_do_generic_redirect_map(struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb,
+				struct bpf_prog *xdp_prog)
 {
 	struct redirect_info *ri = this_cpu_ptr(&redirect_info);
 	unsigned long map_owner = ri->map_owner;
 	struct bpf_map *map = ri->map;
 	struct net_device *fwd = NULL;
 	u32 index = ri->ifindex;
-	unsigned int len;
 	int err = 0;
 
 	ri->ifindex = 0;
 	ri->map = NULL;
 	ri->map_owner = 0;
 
-	if (map) {
-		if (unlikely(xdp_map_invalid(xdp_prog, map_owner))) {
-			err = -EFAULT;
-			map = NULL;
-			goto err;
-		}
-		fwd = __dev_map_lookup_elem(map, index);
-	} else {
-		fwd = dev_get_by_index_rcu(dev_net(dev), index);
+	if (unlikely(xdp_map_invalid(xdp_prog, map_owner))) {
+		err = -EFAULT;
+		map = NULL;
+		goto err;
 	}
+	fwd = __xdp_map_lookup_elem(map, index);
 	if (unlikely(!fwd)) {
 		err = -EINVAL;
 		goto err;
 	}
 
-	if (unlikely(!(fwd->flags & IFF_UP))) {
-		err = -ENETDOWN;
+	if (map->map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP) {
+		if (unlikely((err = __xdp_generic_ok_fwd_dev(skb, fwd))))
+			goto err;
+		skb->dev = fwd;
+	} else {
+		/* TODO: Handle BPF_MAP_TYPE_CPUMAP */
+		err = -EBADRQC;
 		goto err;
 	}
 
-	len = fwd->mtu + fwd->hard_header_len + VLAN_HLEN;
-	if (skb->len > len) {
-		err = -EMSGSIZE;
+	_trace_xdp_redirect_map(dev, xdp_prog, fwd, map, index);
+	return 0;
+err:
+	_trace_xdp_redirect_map_err(dev, xdp_prog, fwd, map, index, err);
+	return err;
+}
+
+int xdp_do_generic_redirect(struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb,
+			    struct bpf_prog *xdp_prog)
+{
+	struct redirect_info *ri = this_cpu_ptr(&redirect_info);
+	u32 index = ri->ifindex;
+	struct net_device *fwd;
+	int err = 0;
+
+	if (ri->map)
+		return xdp_do_generic_redirect_map(dev, skb, xdp_prog);
+
+	ri->ifindex = 0;
+	fwd = dev_get_by_index_rcu(dev_net(dev), index);
+	if (unlikely(!fwd)) {
+		err = -EINVAL;
 		goto err;
 	}
 
+	if (unlikely((err = __xdp_generic_ok_fwd_dev(skb, fwd))))
+		goto err;
+
 	skb->dev = fwd;
-	map ? _trace_xdp_redirect_map(dev, xdp_prog, fwd, map, index)
-		: _trace_xdp_redirect(dev, xdp_prog, index);
+	_trace_xdp_redirect(dev, xdp_prog, index);
 	return 0;
 err:
-	map ? _trace_xdp_redirect_map_err(dev, xdp_prog, fwd, map, index, err)
-		: _trace_xdp_redirect_err(dev, xdp_prog, index, err);
+	_trace_xdp_redirect_err(dev, xdp_prog, index, err);
 	return err;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xdp_do_generic_redirect);