[v3,14/20] mm: Provide speculative fault infrastructure

Message ID 1504894024-2750-15-git-send-email-ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Speculative page faults
Related show

Commit Message

Laurent Dufour Sept. 8, 2017, 6:06 p.m.
From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

Provide infrastructure to do a speculative fault (not holding
mmap_sem).

The not holding of mmap_sem means we can race against VMA
change/removal and page-table destruction. We use the SRCU VMA freeing
to keep the VMA around. We use the VMA seqcount to detect change
(including umapping / page-table deletion) and we use gup_fast() style
page-table walking to deal with page-table races.

Once we've obtained the page and are ready to update the PTE, we
validate if the state we started the fault with is still valid, if
not, we'll fail the fault with VM_FAULT_RETRY, otherwise we update the
PTE and we're done.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>

[Manage the newly introduced pte_spinlock() for speculative page
 fault to fail if the VMA is touched in our back]
[Rename vma_is_dead() to vma_has_changed() and declare it here]
[Call p4d_alloc() as it is safe since pgd is valid]
[Call pud_alloc() as it is safe since p4d is valid]
[Set fe.sequence in __handle_mm_fault()]
[Abort speculative path when handle_userfault() has to be called]
[Add additional VMA's flags checks in handle_speculative_fault()]
[Clear FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY in handle_speculative_fault()]
[Don't set vmf->pte and vmf->ptl if pte_map_lock() failed]
[Remove warning comment about waiting for !seq&1 since we don't want
 to wait]
[Remove warning about no huge page support, mention it explictly]
[Don't call do_fault() in the speculative path as __do_fault() calls
 vma->vm_ops->fault() which may want to release mmap_sem]
[Only vm_fault pointer argument for vma_has_changed()]
[Fix check against huge page, calling pmd_trans_huge()]
[Introduce __HAVE_ARCH_CALL_SPF to declare the SPF handler only when
 architecture is supporting it]
[Use READ_ONCE() when reading VMA's fields in the speculative path]
[Explicitly check for __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL as we can't support for
 processing done in vm_normal_page()]
[Check that vma->anon_vma is already set when starting the speculative
 path]
[Check for memory policy as we can't support MPOL_INTERLEAVE case due to
 the processing done in mpol_misplaced()]
[Don't support VMA growing up or down]
[Move check on vm_sequence just before calling handle_pte_fault()]
Signed-off-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 include/linux/hugetlb_inline.h |   2 +-
 include/linux/mm.h             |   5 +
 include/linux/pagemap.h        |   4 +-
 mm/internal.h                  |  14 +++
 mm/memory.c                    | 249 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 5 files changed, 266 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/include/linux/hugetlb_inline.h b/include/linux/hugetlb_inline.h
index a4e7ca0f3585..6cfdfca4cc2a 100644
--- a/include/linux/hugetlb_inline.h
+++ b/include/linux/hugetlb_inline.h
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ 
 
 static inline bool is_vm_hugetlb_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 {
-	return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGETLB);
+	return !!(READ_ONCE(vma->vm_flags) & VM_HUGETLB);
 }
 
 #else
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index a2857aaa03f1..966b69f10f57 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -320,6 +320,7 @@  struct vm_fault {
 	gfp_t gfp_mask;			/* gfp mask to be used for allocations */
 	pgoff_t pgoff;			/* Logical page offset based on vma */
 	unsigned long address;		/* Faulting virtual address */
+	unsigned int sequence;
 	pmd_t *pmd;			/* Pointer to pmd entry matching
 					 * the 'address' */
 	pud_t *pud;			/* Pointer to pud entry matching
@@ -1342,6 +1343,10 @@  int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page);
 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
 extern int handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
 		unsigned int flags);
+#ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_CALL_SPF
+extern int handle_speculative_fault(struct mm_struct *mm,
+				    unsigned long address, unsigned int flags);
+#endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_CALL_SPF */
 extern int fixup_user_fault(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
 			    unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags,
 			    bool *unlocked);
diff --git a/include/linux/pagemap.h b/include/linux/pagemap.h
index 5bbd6780f205..832aa3ec7d00 100644
--- a/include/linux/pagemap.h
+++ b/include/linux/pagemap.h
@@ -451,8 +451,8 @@  static inline pgoff_t linear_page_index(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 	pgoff_t pgoff;
 	if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)))
 		return linear_hugepage_index(vma, address);
-	pgoff = (address - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
-	pgoff += vma->vm_pgoff;
+	pgoff = (address - READ_ONCE(vma->vm_start)) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	pgoff += READ_ONCE(vma->vm_pgoff);
 	return pgoff;
 }
 
diff --git a/mm/internal.h b/mm/internal.h
index 84360184eafd..4ddadc440c26 100644
--- a/mm/internal.h
+++ b/mm/internal.h
@@ -45,6 +45,20 @@  extern struct srcu_struct vma_srcu;
 extern struct vm_area_struct *find_vma_srcu(struct mm_struct *mm,
 					    unsigned long addr);
 
+static inline bool vma_has_changed(struct vm_fault *vmf)
+{
+	int ret = RB_EMPTY_NODE(&vmf->vma->vm_rb);
+	unsigned seq = ACCESS_ONCE(vmf->vma->vm_sequence.sequence);
+
+	/*
+	 * Matches both the wmb in write_seqlock_{begin,end}() and
+	 * the wmb in vma_rb_erase().
+	 */
+	smp_rmb();
+
+	return ret || seq != vmf->sequence;
+}
+
 void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma,
 		unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling);
 
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index 479b47a8ed7c..5e98259c7ac0 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -762,7 +762,8 @@  static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
 	if (page)
 		dump_page(page, "bad pte");
 	pr_alert("addr:%p vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%p mapping:%p index:%lx\n",
-		 (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index);
+		 (void *)addr, READ_ONCE(vma->vm_flags), vma->anon_vma,
+		 mapping, index);
 	/*
 	 * Choose text because data symbols depend on CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL=y
 	 */
@@ -2417,15 +2418,69 @@  static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf)
 
 static bool pte_spinlock(struct vm_fault *vmf)
 {
+	bool ret = false;
+
+	/* Check if vma is still valid */
+	if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_SPECULATIVE)) {
+		vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd);
+		spin_lock(vmf->ptl);
+		return true;
+	}
+
+	local_irq_disable();
+	if (vma_has_changed(vmf))
+		goto out;
+
 	vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd);
 	spin_lock(vmf->ptl);
-	return true;
+
+	if (vma_has_changed(vmf)) {
+		spin_unlock(vmf->ptl);
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	ret = true;
+out:
+	local_irq_enable();
+	return ret;
 }
 
 static bool pte_map_lock(struct vm_fault *vmf)
 {
-	vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl);
-	return true;
+	bool ret = false;
+	pte_t *pte;
+	spinlock_t *ptl;
+
+	if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_SPECULATIVE)) {
+		vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd,
+					       vmf->address, &vmf->ptl);
+		return true;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * The first vma_has_changed() guarantees the page-tables are still
+	 * valid, having IRQs disabled ensures they stay around, hence the
+	 * second vma_has_changed() to make sure they are still valid once
+	 * we've got the lock. After that a concurrent zap_pte_range() will
+	 * block on the PTL and thus we're safe.
+	 */
+	local_irq_disable();
+	if (vma_has_changed(vmf))
+		goto out;
+
+	pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd,
+				  vmf->address, &ptl);
+	if (vma_has_changed(vmf)) {
+		pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	vmf->pte = pte;
+	vmf->ptl = ptl;
+	ret = true;
+out:
+	local_irq_enable();
+	return ret;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -3094,6 +3149,14 @@  static int do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
 		ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm);
 		if (ret)
 			goto unlock;
+		/*
+		 * Don't call the userfaultfd during the speculative path.
+		 * We already checked for the VMA to not be managed through
+		 * userfaultfd, but it may be set in our back once we have lock
+		 * the pte. In such a case we can ignore it this time.
+		 */
+		if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_SPECULATIVE)
+			goto setpte;
 		/* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */
 		if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) {
 			pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl);
@@ -3136,7 +3199,7 @@  static int do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
 		goto release;
 
 	/* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */
-	if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) {
+	if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_SPECULATIVE) && userfaultfd_missing(vma)) {
 		pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl);
 		mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(page, memcg, false);
 		put_page(page);
@@ -3915,6 +3978,8 @@  static int handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
 	if (!vmf->pte) {
 		if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma))
 			return do_anonymous_page(vmf);
+		else if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_SPECULATIVE)
+			return VM_FAULT_RETRY;
 		else
 			return do_fault(vmf);
 	}
@@ -4012,6 +4077,7 @@  static int __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
 	vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address);
 	if (!vmf.pmd)
 		return VM_FAULT_OOM;
+	vmf.sequence = raw_read_seqcount(&vma->vm_sequence);
 	if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) {
 		ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf);
 		if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK))
@@ -4045,6 +4111,179 @@  static int __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
 	return handle_pte_fault(&vmf);
 }
 
+#ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_CALL_SPF
+
+#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL
+/* This is required by vm_normal_page() */
+#error "Speculative page fault handler requires __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL"
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * vm_normal_page() adds some processing which should be done while
+ * hodling the mmap_sem.
+ */
+int handle_speculative_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address,
+			     unsigned int flags)
+{
+	struct vm_fault vmf = {
+		.address = address,
+	};
+	pgd_t *pgd;
+	p4d_t *p4d;
+	pud_t *pud;
+	pmd_t *pmd;
+	int dead, seq, idx, ret = VM_FAULT_RETRY;
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
+	struct mempolicy *pol;
+#endif
+
+	/* Clear flags that may lead to release the mmap_sem to retry */
+	flags &= ~(FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY|FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE);
+	flags |= FAULT_FLAG_SPECULATIVE;
+
+	idx = srcu_read_lock(&vma_srcu);
+	vma = find_vma_srcu(mm, address);
+	if (!vma)
+		goto unlock;
+
+	/*
+	 * Validate the VMA found by the lockless lookup.
+	 */
+	dead = RB_EMPTY_NODE(&vma->vm_rb);
+	seq = raw_read_seqcount(&vma->vm_sequence); /* rmb <-> seqlock,vma_rb_erase() */
+	if ((seq & 1) || dead)
+		goto unlock;
+
+	/*
+	 * Can't call vm_ops service has we don't know what they would do
+	 * with the VMA.
+	 * This include huge page from hugetlbfs.
+	 */
+	if (vma->vm_ops)
+		goto unlock;
+
+	/*
+	 * __anon_vma_prepare() requires the mmap_sem to be held
+	 * because vm_next and vm_prev must be safe. This can't be guaranteed
+	 * in the speculative path.
+	 */
+	if (unlikely(!vma->anon_vma))
+		goto unlock;
+
+	vmf.vma_flags = READ_ONCE(vma->vm_flags);
+	vmf.vma_page_prot = READ_ONCE(vma->vm_page_prot);
+
+	/* Can't call userland page fault handler in the speculative path */
+	if (unlikely(vmf.vma_flags & VM_UFFD_MISSING))
+		goto unlock;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
+	/*
+	 * MPOL_INTERLEAVE implies additional check in mpol_misplaced() which
+	 * are not compatible with the speculative page fault processing.
+	 */
+	pol = __get_vma_policy(vma, address);
+	if (!pol)
+		pol = get_task_policy(current);
+	if (pol && pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE)
+		goto unlock;
+#endif
+
+	if (vmf.vma_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN || vmf.vma_flags & VM_GROWSUP)
+		/*
+		 * This could be detected by the check address against VMA's
+		 * boundaries but we want to trace it as not supported instead
+		 * of changed.
+		 */
+		goto unlock;
+
+	if (address < READ_ONCE(vma->vm_start)
+	    || READ_ONCE(vma->vm_end) <= address)
+		goto unlock;
+
+	if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE,
+				       flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION,
+				       flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) {
+		ret = VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV;
+		goto unlock;
+	}
+
+	/* This is one is required to check that the VMA has write access set */
+	if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) {
+		if (unlikely(!(vmf.vma_flags & VM_WRITE))) {
+			ret = VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV;
+			goto unlock;
+		}
+	} else if (unlikely(!(vmf.vma_flags & (VM_READ|VM_EXEC|VM_WRITE)))) {
+		ret = VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV;
+		goto unlock;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Do a speculative lookup of the PTE entry.
+	 */
+	local_irq_disable();
+	pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);
+	if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd)))
+		goto out_walk;
+
+	p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address);
+	if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d)))
+		goto out_walk;
+
+	pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address);
+	if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud)))
+		goto out_walk;
+
+	/* Transparent huge pages are not supported. */
+	if (unlikely(pud_trans_huge(*pud)))
+		goto out_walk;
+
+	pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
+	if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd)))
+		goto out_walk;
+
+	/*
+	 * The above does not allocate/instantiate page-tables because doing so
+	 * would lead to the possibility of instantiating page-tables after
+	 * free_pgtables() -- and consequently leaking them.
+	 *
+	 * The result is that we take at least one !speculative fault per PMD
+	 * in order to instantiate it.
+	 */
+	/* Transparent huge pages are not supported. */
+	if (unlikely(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)))
+		goto out_walk;
+
+	vmf.vma = vma;
+	vmf.pmd = pmd;
+	vmf.pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address);
+	vmf.gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma);
+	vmf.sequence = seq;
+	vmf.flags = flags;
+
+	local_irq_enable();
+
+	/*
+	 * We need to re-validate the VMA after checking the bounds, otherwise
+	 * we might have a false positive on the bounds.
+	 */
+	if (read_seqcount_retry(&vma->vm_sequence, seq))
+		goto unlock;
+
+	ret = handle_pte_fault(&vmf);
+
+unlock:
+	srcu_read_unlock(&vma_srcu, idx);
+	return ret;
+
+out_walk:
+	local_irq_enable();
+	goto unlock;
+}
+#endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_CALL_SPF */
+
 /*
  * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore
  *