[ovs-dev,v2,2/3] dpif-netdev: Avoid port's reconfiguration on pmd-cpu-mask changes.

Message ID 6d2ad4c3-584b-efe8-3633-044d0f3790f2@samsung.com
State New
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Ilya Maximets July 24, 2017, 11:58 a.m.
On 23.07.2017 20:20, Darrell Ball wrote:
> Comments inline but this is mostly repetitive.
> 
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Ilya Maximets <i.maximets@samsung.com>
> Date: Monday, July 10, 2017 at 11:55 PM
> To: Darrell Ball <dball@vmware.com>, "dev@openvswitch.org" <dev@openvswitch.org>
> Cc: Heetae Ahn <heetae82.ahn@samsung.com>, Daniele Di Proietto <diproiettod@ovn.org>, Ben Pfaff <blp@ovn.org>, Pravin Shelar <pshelar@ovn.org>, Ciara Loftus <ciara.loftus@intel.com>, Ian Stokes <ian.stokes@intel.com>, Kevin Traynor <ktraynor@redhat.com>
> Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 2/3] dpif-netdev: Avoid port's reconfiguration on pmd-cpu-mask changes.
> 
>     On 11.07.2017 05:10, Darrell Ball wrote:
>     > 
>     > 
>     > On 7/10/17, 12:41 AM, "Ilya Maximets" <i.maximets@samsung.com> wrote:
>     > 
>     >     On 07.07.2017 21:09, Darrell Ball wrote:
>     >     > 
>     >     > 
>     >     > On 7/6/17, 11:11 PM, "Ilya Maximets" <i.maximets@samsung.com> wrote:
>     >     > 
>     >     >     On 07.07.2017 08:08, Darrell Ball wrote:
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     > On 5/30/17, 7:12 AM, "Ilya Maximets" <i.maximets@samsung.com> wrote:
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     >     Reconfiguration of HW NICs may lead to packet drops.
>     >     >     >     In current model all physical ports will be reconfigured each
>     >     >     >     time number of PMD threads changed. Since we not stopping
>     >     >     >     threads on pmd-cpu-mask changes, this patch will help to further
>     >     >     >     decrease port's downtime by setting the maximum possible number
>     >     >     >     of wanted tx queues to avoid unnecessary reconfigurations.
>     >     >     >     
>     >     >     >     Signed-off-by: Ilya Maximets <i.maximets@samsung.com>
>     >     >     >     ---
>     >     >     >      lib/dpif-netdev.c | 26 +++++++++++++++++++++-----
>     >     >     >      1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>     >     >     >     
>     >     >     >     diff --git a/lib/dpif-netdev.c b/lib/dpif-netdev.c
>     >     >     >     index 596d133..79db770 100644
>     >     >     >     --- a/lib/dpif-netdev.c
>     >     >     >     +++ b/lib/dpif-netdev.c
>     >     >     >     @@ -3453,7 +3453,7 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)
>     >     >     >      {
>     >     >     >          struct dp_netdev_pmd_thread *pmd;
>     >     >     >          struct dp_netdev_port *port;
>     >     >     >     -    int wanted_txqs;
>     >     >     >     +    int needed_txqs, wanted_txqs;
>     >     >     >      
>     >     >     >          dp->last_reconfigure_seq = seq_read(dp->reconfigure_seq);
>     >     >     >      
>     >     >     >     @@ -3461,7 +3461,15 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)
>     >     >     >           * on the system and the user configuration. */
>     >     >     >          reconfigure_pmd_threads(dp);
>     >     >     >      
>     >     >     >     -    wanted_txqs = cmap_count(&dp->poll_threads);
>     >     >     >     +    /* We need 1 Tx queue for each thread to avoid locking, but we will try
>     >     >     >     +     * to allocate the maximum possible value to minimize the number of port
>     >     >     >     +     * reconfigurations. */
>     >     >     >     +    needed_txqs = cmap_count(&dp->poll_threads);
>     >     >     >     +    /* (n_cores + 1) is the maximum that we might need to have.
>     >     >     >     +     * Additional queue is for non-PMD threads. */
>     >     >     >     +    wanted_txqs = ovs_numa_get_n_cores();
>     >     >     >     +    ovs_assert(wanted_txqs != OVS_CORE_UNSPEC);
>     >     >     >     +    wanted_txqs++;
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     > I don’t think PMD mask changes are common, so this patch is trying to optimize a 
>     >     >     > rare disruptive event that can/will be scheduled by the administrator.
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     > Based on the actual number of queues supported and the number of cores present,
>     >     >     > this optimization may or may not work. It is unpredictable whether there will be benefit
>     >     >     > in a particular case from the user POV.
>     >     >     > If I were the administrator, I would try to error on the conservative side anyways if I could
>     >     >     > not predict the result.
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     > Did I miss something ?
>     >     >     
>     >     >     In NFV environment if you want to add one more VM to your hosts you will have to
>     >     >     choose between:
>     >     >     
>     >     >     	* not creating a new PMD thread
>     >     >     		-> performance degradation of networking for other working VMs
>     >     > 
>     >     >     
>     >     >     	* adding of the new PMD thread
>     >     >     		-> desruption of the networking for the whole host for the time
>     >     >     		   of OVS reconfiguration.
>     >     >     
>     >     >     This patch removes the cost of the second option.
>     >     > 
>     >     > In general, adding a PMD thread per VM may not always (or even usually) make sense.
>     >     
>     >     Not per VM. Lets assume that all existing threads are already overloaded.
>     > 
>     > That would be less common; it is not the usual case.
>     
>     We have different points of view. We need more opinions on that.
>     
>     >     
>     >     > There are use cases for sure, but using a PMD core per VM is often viewed as dpdk using too much
>     >     > cpu resources and limiting the adoption of dpdk.
>     >     > 
>     >     > Furthermore, for dpdk gateways it is irrelevant.
>     >     
>     >     Disagree with that statement.
>     > 
>     > dpdk gateways should not usually require changing pmd-cpu-mask when a VM is added to hypervisor
>     > somewhere. Sometimes you need to deploy more resources for sure, but this should be much less
>     > frequent than adding or removing VMs.
>     > The point is the user should be rarely changing the pmd-cpu-mask and this can be done during
>     > a maintenance window when needed.
>     > 
>     > 
>     >     >     
>     >     >     I don't understand what you mean saying 'unpredictable benefit'. The benefit is clear
>     >     >     and this optimization will work, except for HW NICs with very low number of HW queues.
>     >     > 
>     >     > HW nic interfaces carry aggregated traffic for multiple VMs etc, so these cases are most important.
>     >     
>     >     And that is the point why this patch implemented. This patch tries to
>     >     minimize the packet drops on the "shared" between VMs HW NICs. It
>     >     allows to add new threads without breaking networking for others not
>     >     reconfiguring device that handles traffic for other VMs at this moment.
>     > 
>     > I understand what this patch wants to do and I understand what the last designs wanted to
>     > do as well.
>     > 
>     >     
>     >     > It is the ratio of the number of cores to hw queues that matter. If queues are less than
>     >     > cores, then the benefit may not occur.
>     >     
>     >     That's right. But are you saying that we should not apply optimization if
>     >     it covers only 50% of cases? (There is bigger percentage, actually, because
>     >     modern NICs supports pretty much tx queues)
>     > 
>     > Nobody knows what the number is, but I know that the number of cpus is increasing
>     > and making assumptions about the relative numbers of cores vs queues can only work by luck.
>     
>     As you mentioned previously, you think that creating large number of PMD
>     threads is not a common case (this follows from the "adding a PMD thread per
>     VM may not always (or even usually) make sense."). This means that optimization
>     from that patch will usually work because number of PMD threads is much less
>     than number of cores and usually will be comparable or less than number of queues.
> 
> Again, what I previously said is that I don’t expect each VM to have a dedicated PMD thread in the general case.
> The reasoning comes the cost based on utilization. In general, the high reservation of cores for PMD threads
> is persistently mentioned as a major impediment for DPDK adoption.
> 
> For DPDK gateways, I would expect anything is possible including most cores having PMD threads running.
> 
> Again, in general, I am not making any assumptions on the ratio of cores to queues, because I think these assumptions
> will break. The two parameters should be treated as independent parameters, which they are.
> This patch makes assumptions about the ratio of these two independent parameters.
> 
>     
>     And this will work now, not in some ephemeral future where DPDK will return real
>     numbers for available queues. In the future this maybe will work too, because not
>     only number of CPU cores increasing.
> 
> Again, the issue here is not whether it will work in some cases. The issues here is to give
> feedback to the user when it might work. Changing the pmd-cpu-mask is an infrequent administrative 
> command used on a ‘non-experimental product’, so the user should have feedback on what 
> would to be the result of the command.
> I might be ok with this patch if OVS-DPDK were still labelled as experimental, but I would not
> want to go back to the experimental tag if possible.
> 
>     > It is inherently unpredictable and unpredictable for a user initiated/controlled change is ugly.
>     > This is even worse when the user initiated change is rare because the user does not remember
>     > the full context of the command.
>     > 
>     >     
>     >     > This patch makes assumptions about the relative number of cores vs the number of queues.
>     >     > These two parameters should be treated as independent – this part really bothers me.
>     >     
>     >     It doesn't make any assumptions, it just optimizes one of 2 possible situations.
>     >     If the number of queues will be less, the behaviour will be exactly same as in
>     >     current master.
>     > 
>     > We are repeating the same thing.
>     > 
>     >     
>     >     > I think we could solve this in a coordinated generic fashion with a user management command
>     >     > that would also give feedback to the user as to the possible success and maybe provide options.
>     >     > I wonder if we will eventually go in that direction, in the future, anyways ?
>     >     
>     >     I don't think so. We don't need to have user management command because the
>     >     only sane values for the number of queues right now is the number of threads
>     >     or the maximum number of available queues in hardware. We're using the
>     >     first one only because HW is not able to say how many queues it able to
>     >     successfully configure.
>     > 
>     > The fact that hardware cannot always report the correct number of queues is an issue
>     > that will get solved over time and should be part of what a user command reports
>     > (eg) “unknown queue number, therefore it is unknown whether a pmd-cpu-mask change
>     > will be hitless”, issue the following command ‘X’ when you would like to make the change”).
>     
>     Reconfiguration will never be hitless until we're not even trying to make
>     it more lightweight.
>     
>     > 
>     > A wrapper user command(s) would provide visibility and predictability to the user.
>     > i.e. we can do better.
>     
>     *Why we need the configuration knob which can only decrease the performance?*
>     
>     This will end up in situation where users will just be forced to configure
>     number of tx queues for each port equal to number of cores in cpu mask.
>     Or they will just set up it to 1000 for all the ports to be sure that maximum
>     possible value was configured.
> 
> The key aspect here is about giving feedback to user about the result of a potential 
> pmd-cpu-mask change. I think it can done with the results being one of three possibilities.
> 1/ Command will be hitless.
> 2/ Command will not be hitless.
> 3/ Command hitless impact is unknown; assume traffic will be affected.
> 
> This should be supported by documentation.
> 
> With this patch as is, the result is unknown in all cases.


How about following incremental:

--8<----------------------------------------------------------------------->8--
--8<----------------------------------------------------------------------->8--

This will give an administrator all the required information to predict
performance impact of pmd-cpu-mask changes.


>     
>     And this option will have to configure maximum possible value less or equal
>     to passed one because we have no way to find the maximum value until dpdk not
>     fixed (which is actually the hard problem).
>     Otherwise, they will have to bisect it and that is the ugly thing.
> 
> ‘IF’ there are issues with rte_eth_dev_info_get(), ‘in some modes’, with returning the real number
> of hardware queues, then this can be characterized (meaning in which cases) and fixed. 
> In such a case, the feedback to the user should be conservative and fall into ‘3’ above.
>     
>     
>     >     This patch allows us to use the second value in all cases where possible.
>     >     
>     >     > 
>     >     >     But situation will never be worse than without this patch anyway.
>     >     >     
>     >     >     About PMD mask changes:
>     >     >     Even one change in a week can be disruptive in high-loaded NFV environment.
>     >     >     Also, this changes can be performed automatically by monitoring tools while
>     >     >     VMs migrations or rebalancing the load between PMD threads to free the CPU
>     >     >     cores for other applications/VMs.
>     >     >     
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     >          /* The number of pmd threads might have changed, or a port can be new:
>     >     >     >           * adjust the txqs. */
>     >     >     >     @@ -3474,9 +3482,17 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)
>     >     >     >      
>     >     >     >          /* Check for all the ports that need reconfiguration.  We cache this in
>     >     >     >           * 'port->reconfigure', because netdev_is_reconf_required() can change at
>     >     >     >     -     * any time. */
>     >     >     >     +     * any time.
>     >     >     >     +     * Also mark for reconfiguration all ports which will likely change their
>     >     >     >     +     * 'dynamic_txqs' parameter. It's required to stop using them before
>     >     >     >     +     * changing this setting and it's simpler to mark ports here and allow
>     >     >     >     +     * 'pmd_remove_stale_ports' to remove them from threads. There will be
>     >     >     >     +     * no actual reconfiguration in 'port_reconfigure' because it's
>     >     >     >     +     * unnecessary.  */
>     >     >     >          HMAP_FOR_EACH (port, node, &dp->ports) {
>     >     >     >     -        if (netdev_is_reconf_required(port->netdev)) {
>     >     >     >     +        if (netdev_is_reconf_required(port->netdev)
>     >     >     >     +            || (port->dynamic_txqs
>     >     >     >     +                !=  netdev_n_txq(port->netdev) < needed_txqs)) {
>     >     >     >                  port->need_reconfigure = true;
>     >     >     >              }
>     >     >     >          }
>     >     >     >     @@ -3510,7 +3526,7 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)
>     >     >     >                  seq_change(dp->port_seq);
>     >     >     >                  port_destroy(port);
>     >     >     >              } else {
>     >     >     >     -            port->dynamic_txqs = netdev_n_txq(port->netdev) < wanted_txqs;
>     >     >     >     +            port->dynamic_txqs = netdev_n_txq(port->netdev) < needed_txqs;
>     >     >     >              }
>     >     >     >          }
>     >     >     >      
>     >     >     >     -- 
>     >     >     >     2.7.4
>     
>

Comments

Darrell Ball July 25, 2017, 11:33 p.m. | #1
-----Original Message-----
From: Ilya Maximets <i.maximets@samsung.com>

Date: Monday, July 24, 2017 at 4:58 AM
To: Darrell Ball <dball@vmware.com>, "dev@openvswitch.org" <dev@openvswitch.org>
Cc: Heetae Ahn <heetae82.ahn@samsung.com>, Daniele Di Proietto <diproiettod@ovn.org>, Ben Pfaff <blp@ovn.org>, Pravin Shelar <pshelar@ovn.org>, Ciara Loftus <ciara.loftus@intel.com>, Ian Stokes <ian.stokes@intel.com>, Kevin Traynor <ktraynor@redhat.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 2/3] dpif-netdev: Avoid port's reconfiguration on pmd-cpu-mask changes.

    On 23.07.2017 20:20, Darrell Ball wrote:
    > Comments inline but this is mostly repetitive.

    > 

    > -----Original Message-----

    > From: Ilya Maximets <i.maximets@samsung.com>

    > Date: Monday, July 10, 2017 at 11:55 PM

    > To: Darrell Ball <dball@vmware.com>, "dev@openvswitch.org" <dev@openvswitch.org>

    > Cc: Heetae Ahn <heetae82.ahn@samsung.com>, Daniele Di Proietto <diproiettod@ovn.org>, Ben Pfaff <blp@ovn.org>, Pravin Shelar <pshelar@ovn.org>, Ciara Loftus <ciara.loftus@intel.com>, Ian Stokes <ian.stokes@intel.com>, Kevin Traynor <ktraynor@redhat.com>

    > Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 2/3] dpif-netdev: Avoid port's reconfiguration on pmd-cpu-mask changes.

    > 

    >     On 11.07.2017 05:10, Darrell Ball wrote:

    >     > 

    >     > 

    >     > On 7/10/17, 12:41 AM, "Ilya Maximets" <i.maximets@samsung.com> wrote:

    >     > 

    >     >     On 07.07.2017 21:09, Darrell Ball wrote:

    >     >     > 

    >     >     > 

    >     >     > On 7/6/17, 11:11 PM, "Ilya Maximets" <i.maximets@samsung.com> wrote:

    >     >     > 

    >     >     >     On 07.07.2017 08:08, Darrell Ball wrote:

    >     >     >     > 

    >     >     >     > 

    >     >     >     > On 5/30/17, 7:12 AM, "Ilya Maximets" <i.maximets@samsung.com> wrote:

    >     >     >     > 

    >     >     >     >     Reconfiguration of HW NICs may lead to packet drops.

    >     >     >     >     In current model all physical ports will be reconfigured each

    >     >     >     >     time number of PMD threads changed. Since we not stopping

    >     >     >     >     threads on pmd-cpu-mask changes, this patch will help to further

    >     >     >     >     decrease port's downtime by setting the maximum possible number

    >     >     >     >     of wanted tx queues to avoid unnecessary reconfigurations.

    >     >     >     >     

    >     >     >     >     Signed-off-by: Ilya Maximets <i.maximets@samsung.com>

    >     >     >     >     ---

    >     >     >     >      lib/dpif-netdev.c | 26 +++++++++++++++++++++-----

    >     >     >     >      1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

    >     >     >     >     

    >     >     >     >     diff --git a/lib/dpif-netdev.c b/lib/dpif-netdev.c

    >     >     >     >     index 596d133..79db770 100644

    >     >     >     >     --- a/lib/dpif-netdev.c

    >     >     >     >     +++ b/lib/dpif-netdev.c

    >     >     >     >     @@ -3453,7 +3453,7 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)

    >     >     >     >      {

    >     >     >     >          struct dp_netdev_pmd_thread *pmd;

    >     >     >     >          struct dp_netdev_port *port;

    >     >     >     >     -    int wanted_txqs;

    >     >     >     >     +    int needed_txqs, wanted_txqs;

    >     >     >     >      

    >     >     >     >          dp->last_reconfigure_seq = seq_read(dp->reconfigure_seq);

    >     >     >     >      

    >     >     >     >     @@ -3461,7 +3461,15 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)

    >     >     >     >           * on the system and the user configuration. */

    >     >     >     >          reconfigure_pmd_threads(dp);

    >     >     >     >      

    >     >     >     >     -    wanted_txqs = cmap_count(&dp->poll_threads);

    >     >     >     >     +    /* We need 1 Tx queue for each thread to avoid locking, but we will try

    >     >     >     >     +     * to allocate the maximum possible value to minimize the number of port

    >     >     >     >     +     * reconfigurations. */

    >     >     >     >     +    needed_txqs = cmap_count(&dp->poll_threads);

    >     >     >     >     +    /* (n_cores + 1) is the maximum that we might need to have.

    >     >     >     >     +     * Additional queue is for non-PMD threads. */

    >     >     >     >     +    wanted_txqs = ovs_numa_get_n_cores();

    >     >     >     >     +    ovs_assert(wanted_txqs != OVS_CORE_UNSPEC);

    >     >     >     >     +    wanted_txqs++;

    >     >     >     > 

    >     >     >     > I don’t think PMD mask changes are common, so this patch is trying to optimize a 

    >     >     >     > rare disruptive event that can/will be scheduled by the administrator.

    >     >     >     > 

    >     >     >     > Based on the actual number of queues supported and the number of cores present,

    >     >     >     > this optimization may or may not work. It is unpredictable whether there will be benefit

    >     >     >     > in a particular case from the user POV.

    >     >     >     > If I were the administrator, I would try to error on the conservative side anyways if I could

    >     >     >     > not predict the result.

    >     >     >     > 

    >     >     >     > Did I miss something ?

    >     >     >     

    >     >     >     In NFV environment if you want to add one more VM to your hosts you will have to

    >     >     >     choose between:

    >     >     >     

    >     >     >     	* not creating a new PMD thread

    >     >     >     		-> performance degradation of networking for other working VMs

    >     >     > 

    >     >     >     

    >     >     >     	* adding of the new PMD thread

    >     >     >     		-> desruption of the networking for the whole host for the time

    >     >     >     		   of OVS reconfiguration.

    >     >     >     

    >     >     >     This patch removes the cost of the second option.

    >     >     > 

    >     >     > In general, adding a PMD thread per VM may not always (or even usually) make sense.

    >     >     

    >     >     Not per VM. Lets assume that all existing threads are already overloaded.

    >     > 

    >     > That would be less common; it is not the usual case.

    >     

    >     We have different points of view. We need more opinions on that.

    >     

    >     >     

    >     >     > There are use cases for sure, but using a PMD core per VM is often viewed as dpdk using too much

    >     >     > cpu resources and limiting the adoption of dpdk.

    >     >     > 

    >     >     > Furthermore, for dpdk gateways it is irrelevant.

    >     >     

    >     >     Disagree with that statement.

    >     > 

    >     > dpdk gateways should not usually require changing pmd-cpu-mask when a VM is added to hypervisor

    >     > somewhere. Sometimes you need to deploy more resources for sure, but this should be much less

    >     > frequent than adding or removing VMs.

    >     > The point is the user should be rarely changing the pmd-cpu-mask and this can be done during

    >     > a maintenance window when needed.

    >     > 

    >     > 

    >     >     >     

    >     >     >     I don't understand what you mean saying 'unpredictable benefit'. The benefit is clear

    >     >     >     and this optimization will work, except for HW NICs with very low number of HW queues.

    >     >     > 

    >     >     > HW nic interfaces carry aggregated traffic for multiple VMs etc, so these cases are most important.

    >     >     

    >     >     And that is the point why this patch implemented. This patch tries to

    >     >     minimize the packet drops on the "shared" between VMs HW NICs. It

    >     >     allows to add new threads without breaking networking for others not

    >     >     reconfiguring device that handles traffic for other VMs at this moment.

    >     > 

    >     > I understand what this patch wants to do and I understand what the last designs wanted to

    >     > do as well.

    >     > 

    >     >     

    >     >     > It is the ratio of the number of cores to hw queues that matter. If queues are less than

    >     >     > cores, then the benefit may not occur.

    >     >     

    >     >     That's right. But are you saying that we should not apply optimization if

    >     >     it covers only 50% of cases? (There is bigger percentage, actually, because

    >     >     modern NICs supports pretty much tx queues)

    >     > 

    >     > Nobody knows what the number is, but I know that the number of cpus is increasing

    >     > and making assumptions about the relative numbers of cores vs queues can only work by luck.

    >     

    >     As you mentioned previously, you think that creating large number of PMD

    >     threads is not a common case (this follows from the "adding a PMD thread per

    >     VM may not always (or even usually) make sense."). This means that optimization

    >     from that patch will usually work because number of PMD threads is much less

    >     than number of cores and usually will be comparable or less than number of queues.

    > 

    > Again, what I previously said is that I don’t expect each VM to have a dedicated PMD thread in the general case.

    > The reasoning comes the cost based on utilization. In general, the high reservation of cores for PMD threads

    > is persistently mentioned as a major impediment for DPDK adoption.

    > 

    > For DPDK gateways, I would expect anything is possible including most cores having PMD threads running.

    > 

    > Again, in general, I am not making any assumptions on the ratio of cores to queues, because I think these assumptions

    > will break. The two parameters should be treated as independent parameters, which they are.

    > This patch makes assumptions about the ratio of these two independent parameters.

    > 

    >     

    >     And this will work now, not in some ephemeral future where DPDK will return real

    >     numbers for available queues. In the future this maybe will work too, because not

    >     only number of CPU cores increasing.

    > 

    > Again, the issue here is not whether it will work in some cases. The issues here is to give

    > feedback to the user when it might work. Changing the pmd-cpu-mask is an infrequent administrative 

    > command used on a ‘non-experimental product’, so the user should have feedback on what 

    > would to be the result of the command.

    > I might be ok with this patch if OVS-DPDK were still labelled as experimental, but I would not

    > want to go back to the experimental tag if possible.

    > 

    >     > It is inherently unpredictable and unpredictable for a user initiated/controlled change is ugly.

    >     > This is even worse when the user initiated change is rare because the user does not remember

    >     > the full context of the command.

    >     > 

    >     >     

    >     >     > This patch makes assumptions about the relative number of cores vs the number of queues.

    >     >     > These two parameters should be treated as independent – this part really bothers me.

    >     >     

    >     >     It doesn't make any assumptions, it just optimizes one of 2 possible situations.

    >     >     If the number of queues will be less, the behaviour will be exactly same as in

    >     >     current master.

    >     > 

    >     > We are repeating the same thing.

    >     > 

    >     >     

    >     >     > I think we could solve this in a coordinated generic fashion with a user management command

    >     >     > that would also give feedback to the user as to the possible success and maybe provide options.

    >     >     > I wonder if we will eventually go in that direction, in the future, anyways ?

    >     >     

    >     >     I don't think so. We don't need to have user management command because the

    >     >     only sane values for the number of queues right now is the number of threads

    >     >     or the maximum number of available queues in hardware. We're using the

    >     >     first one only because HW is not able to say how many queues it able to

    >     >     successfully configure.

    >     > 

    >     > The fact that hardware cannot always report the correct number of queues is an issue

    >     > that will get solved over time and should be part of what a user command reports

    >     > (eg) “unknown queue number, therefore it is unknown whether a pmd-cpu-mask change

    >     > will be hitless”, issue the following command ‘X’ when you would like to make the change”).

    >     

    >     Reconfiguration will never be hitless until we're not even trying to make

    >     it more lightweight.

    >     

    >     > 

    >     > A wrapper user command(s) would provide visibility and predictability to the user.

    >     > i.e. we can do better.

    >     

    >     *Why we need the configuration knob which can only decrease the performance?*

    >     

    >     This will end up in situation where users will just be forced to configure

    >     number of tx queues for each port equal to number of cores in cpu mask.

    >     Or they will just set up it to 1000 for all the ports to be sure that maximum

    >     possible value was configured.

    > 

    > The key aspect here is about giving feedback to user about the result of a potential 

    > pmd-cpu-mask change. I think it can done with the results being one of three possibilities.

    > 1/ Command will be hitless.

    > 2/ Command will not be hitless.

    > 3/ Command hitless impact is unknown; assume traffic will be affected.

    > 

    > This should be supported by documentation.

    > 

    > With this patch as is, the result is unknown in all cases.

    
    
    How about following incremental:
    
    --8<----------------------------------------------------------------------->8—

[Darrell]
Part of the idea that I was getting at is a show command that can be run before a 
pmd-cpu-mask change. We have a few of these commands already, like pmd-rxq-show.
This would give additional information about TX queues across ports, for example.
The command can be used outside of rare pmd-cpu-mask changes that this patch is about.

Additionally, having a max pmd setting that wanted TX queues could inherit from allows to increase PMDs
less disruptively without opening and configuring all the queues on all nics ports at startup for PMD usage,
regardless if only a limited number of tx queues are ever used for pmd threads.

A log is not nearly as informative.

I simulated having a 72 ‘core equivalents’ configuration and asked for 73 tx queues as this patch and incremental
proposed doing.

2017-07-25T20:00:13.728Z|00069|netdev_dpdk|WARN|DARRELL: dpdk_eth_dev_queue_setup port name 'dpdk0'
2017-07-25T20:00:13.887Z|00071|dpif_netdev|WARN|DARRELL1: Port 'dpdk0'; dynamic_txqs '0'; n_txq '64'; needed_txqs 3; wanted_txqs 73

2017-07-25T20:00:13.887Z|00072|dpif_netdev|WARN|Port 'dpdk0' has low number of Tx queues. Traffic through this port may be affected during reconfiguration if the number of PMD threads is changed to greater than 63.

Many nics have 32 or 64 max tx queues; some more and some less.

Some minor points below:


    diff --git a/Documentation/intro/install/dpdk.rst b/Documentation/intro/install/dpdk.rst
    index a05aa1a..0462784 100644
    --- a/Documentation/intro/install/dpdk.rst
    +++ b/Documentation/intro/install/dpdk.rst
    @@ -458,8 +458,19 @@ affinitized accordingly.
           $ ovs-vsctl set Open_vSwitch . other_config:pmd-cpu-mask=0x4
     
       .. note::
    -    pmd thread on a NUMA node is only created if there is at least one DPDK
    -    interface from that NUMA node added to OVS.
    +    - pmd thread on a NUMA node is only created if there is at least one DPDK
    +      interface from that NUMA node added to OVS.
    +
    +    - Addition/deletion of PMD threads may be hitless for Rx queues pinned via
    +      ``pmd-rxq-affinity`` if the threads being deleted does not handle them
    +      and ports has only one or big enough number of Tx queues. 

[Darrell]
“big number of Tx queues” is not very clear.

            If device's
    +      performance could be affected during ``pmd-cpu-mask`` changes, a warning
    +      appears in the log: ::

[Darrell]
I think you meant “performance could be affected” to be something like “traffic can be interrupted.” ;
applicable to an administrative command.

    +
    +        Port 'port' has low number of Tx queues. 

[Darrell]
“low number of queues” is hard for the user to understand

Traffic through this port
    +        may be affected during reconfiguration if the number of PMD threads
    +        is changed to { less than or equal to | greater than } N.
    +
     
     - QEMU vCPU thread Affinity
     
    diff --git a/lib/dpif-netdev.c b/lib/dpif-netdev.c
    index 74d3535..2a92d86 100644
    --- a/lib/dpif-netdev.c
    +++ b/lib/dpif-netdev.c
    @@ -3531,7 +3531,19 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)
                 seq_change(dp->port_seq);
                 port_destroy(port);
             } else {
    -            port->dynamic_txqs = netdev_n_txq(port->netdev) < needed_txqs;
    +            int n_txq = netdev_n_txq(port->netdev);
    +
    +            port->dynamic_txqs = n_txq < needed_txqs;
    +
    +            if (n_txq > 1 && n_txq < wanted_txqs) {
    +                VLOG_WARN("Port '%s' has low number of Tx queues. "
    +                          "Traffic through this port may be affected during "
    +                          "reconfiguration if the number of PMD threads is "
    +                          "changed to %s %d.", netdev_get_name(port->netdev),
    +                          port->dynamic_txqs ? "less than or equal to"
    +                                             : "greater than",
    +                          n_txq - 1);
    +            }
             }
         }
     
    --8<----------------------------------------------------------------------->8--
    
    This will give an administrator all the required information to predict
    performance impact of pmd-cpu-mask changes.
    
    
    >     

    >     And this option will have to configure maximum possible value less or equal

    >     to passed one because we have no way to find the maximum value until dpdk not

    >     fixed (which is actually the hard problem).

    >     Otherwise, they will have to bisect it and that is the ugly thing.

    > 

    > ‘IF’ there are issues with rte_eth_dev_info_get(), ‘in some modes’, with returning the real number

    > of hardware queues, then this can be characterized (meaning in which cases) and fixed. 

    > In such a case, the feedback to the user should be conservative and fall into ‘3’ above.

    >     

    >     

    >     >     This patch allows us to use the second value in all cases where possible.

    >     >     

    >     >     > 

    >     >     >     But situation will never be worse than without this patch anyway.

    >     >     >     

    >     >     >     About PMD mask changes:

    >     >     >     Even one change in a week can be disruptive in high-loaded NFV environment.

    >     >     >     Also, this changes can be performed automatically by monitoring tools while

    >     >     >     VMs migrations or rebalancing the load between PMD threads to free the CPU

    >     >     >     cores for other applications/VMs.

    >     >     >     

    >     >     >     > 

    >     >     >     >          /* The number of pmd threads might have changed, or a port can be new:

    >     >     >     >           * adjust the txqs. */

    >     >     >     >     @@ -3474,9 +3482,17 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)

    >     >     >     >      

    >     >     >     >          /* Check for all the ports that need reconfiguration.  We cache this in

    >     >     >     >           * 'port->reconfigure', because netdev_is_reconf_required() can change at

    >     >     >     >     -     * any time. */

    >     >     >     >     +     * any time.

    >     >     >     >     +     * Also mark for reconfiguration all ports which will likely change their

    >     >     >     >     +     * 'dynamic_txqs' parameter. It's required to stop using them before

    >     >     >     >     +     * changing this setting and it's simpler to mark ports here and allow

    >     >     >     >     +     * 'pmd_remove_stale_ports' to remove them from threads. There will be

    >     >     >     >     +     * no actual reconfiguration in 'port_reconfigure' because it's

    >     >     >     >     +     * unnecessary.  */

    >     >     >     >          HMAP_FOR_EACH (port, node, &dp->ports) {

    >     >     >     >     -        if (netdev_is_reconf_required(port->netdev)) {

    >     >     >     >     +        if (netdev_is_reconf_required(port->netdev)

    >     >     >     >     +            || (port->dynamic_txqs

    >     >     >     >     +                !=  netdev_n_txq(port->netdev) < needed_txqs)) {

    >     >     >     >                  port->need_reconfigure = true;

    >     >     >     >              }

    >     >     >     >          }

    >     >     >     >     @@ -3510,7 +3526,7 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)

    >     >     >     >                  seq_change(dp->port_seq);

    >     >     >     >                  port_destroy(port);

    >     >     >     >              } else {

    >     >     >     >     -            port->dynamic_txqs = netdev_n_txq(port->netdev) < wanted_txqs;

    >     >     >     >     +            port->dynamic_txqs = netdev_n_txq(port->netdev) < needed_txqs;

    >     >     >     >              }

    >     >     >     >          }

    >     >     >     >      

    >     >     >     >     -- 

    >     >     >     >     2.7.4

    >     

    >
Ilya Maximets July 26, 2017, 7:46 a.m. | #2
On 26.07.2017 02:33, Darrell Ball wrote:
> 
> 
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Ilya Maximets <i.maximets@samsung.com>
> Date: Monday, July 24, 2017 at 4:58 AM
> To: Darrell Ball <dball@vmware.com>, "dev@openvswitch.org" <dev@openvswitch.org>
> Cc: Heetae Ahn <heetae82.ahn@samsung.com>, Daniele Di Proietto <diproiettod@ovn.org>, Ben Pfaff <blp@ovn.org>, Pravin Shelar <pshelar@ovn.org>, Ciara Loftus <ciara.loftus@intel.com>, Ian Stokes <ian.stokes@intel.com>, Kevin Traynor <ktraynor@redhat.com>
> Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 2/3] dpif-netdev: Avoid port's reconfiguration on pmd-cpu-mask changes.
> 
>     On 23.07.2017 20:20, Darrell Ball wrote:
>     > Comments inline but this is mostly repetitive.
>     > 
>     > -----Original Message-----
>     > From: Ilya Maximets <i.maximets@samsung.com>
>     > Date: Monday, July 10, 2017 at 11:55 PM
>     > To: Darrell Ball <dball@vmware.com>, "dev@openvswitch.org" <dev@openvswitch.org>
>     > Cc: Heetae Ahn <heetae82.ahn@samsung.com>, Daniele Di Proietto <diproiettod@ovn.org>, Ben Pfaff <blp@ovn.org>, Pravin Shelar <pshelar@ovn.org>, Ciara Loftus <ciara.loftus@intel.com>, Ian Stokes <ian.stokes@intel.com>, Kevin Traynor <ktraynor@redhat.com>
>     > Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 2/3] dpif-netdev: Avoid port's reconfiguration on pmd-cpu-mask changes.
>     > 
>     >     On 11.07.2017 05:10, Darrell Ball wrote:
>     >     > 
>     >     > 
>     >     > On 7/10/17, 12:41 AM, "Ilya Maximets" <i.maximets@samsung.com> wrote:
>     >     > 
>     >     >     On 07.07.2017 21:09, Darrell Ball wrote:
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     > On 7/6/17, 11:11 PM, "Ilya Maximets" <i.maximets@samsung.com> wrote:
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     >     On 07.07.2017 08:08, Darrell Ball wrote:
>     >     >     >     > 
>     >     >     >     > 
>     >     >     >     > On 5/30/17, 7:12 AM, "Ilya Maximets" <i.maximets@samsung.com> wrote:
>     >     >     >     > 
>     >     >     >     >     Reconfiguration of HW NICs may lead to packet drops.
>     >     >     >     >     In current model all physical ports will be reconfigured each
>     >     >     >     >     time number of PMD threads changed. Since we not stopping
>     >     >     >     >     threads on pmd-cpu-mask changes, this patch will help to further
>     >     >     >     >     decrease port's downtime by setting the maximum possible number
>     >     >     >     >     of wanted tx queues to avoid unnecessary reconfigurations.
>     >     >     >     >     
>     >     >     >     >     Signed-off-by: Ilya Maximets <i.maximets@samsung.com>
>     >     >     >     >     ---
>     >     >     >     >      lib/dpif-netdev.c | 26 +++++++++++++++++++++-----
>     >     >     >     >      1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>     >     >     >     >     
>     >     >     >     >     diff --git a/lib/dpif-netdev.c b/lib/dpif-netdev.c
>     >     >     >     >     index 596d133..79db770 100644
>     >     >     >     >     --- a/lib/dpif-netdev.c
>     >     >     >     >     +++ b/lib/dpif-netdev.c
>     >     >     >     >     @@ -3453,7 +3453,7 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)
>     >     >     >     >      {
>     >     >     >     >          struct dp_netdev_pmd_thread *pmd;
>     >     >     >     >          struct dp_netdev_port *port;
>     >     >     >     >     -    int wanted_txqs;
>     >     >     >     >     +    int needed_txqs, wanted_txqs;
>     >     >     >     >      
>     >     >     >     >          dp->last_reconfigure_seq = seq_read(dp->reconfigure_seq);
>     >     >     >     >      
>     >     >     >     >     @@ -3461,7 +3461,15 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)
>     >     >     >     >           * on the system and the user configuration. */
>     >     >     >     >          reconfigure_pmd_threads(dp);
>     >     >     >     >      
>     >     >     >     >     -    wanted_txqs = cmap_count(&dp->poll_threads);
>     >     >     >     >     +    /* We need 1 Tx queue for each thread to avoid locking, but we will try
>     >     >     >     >     +     * to allocate the maximum possible value to minimize the number of port
>     >     >     >     >     +     * reconfigurations. */
>     >     >     >     >     +    needed_txqs = cmap_count(&dp->poll_threads);
>     >     >     >     >     +    /* (n_cores + 1) is the maximum that we might need to have.
>     >     >     >     >     +     * Additional queue is for non-PMD threads. */
>     >     >     >     >     +    wanted_txqs = ovs_numa_get_n_cores();
>     >     >     >     >     +    ovs_assert(wanted_txqs != OVS_CORE_UNSPEC);
>     >     >     >     >     +    wanted_txqs++;
>     >     >     >     > 
>     >     >     >     > I don’t think PMD mask changes are common, so this patch is trying to optimize a 
>     >     >     >     > rare disruptive event that can/will be scheduled by the administrator.
>     >     >     >     > 
>     >     >     >     > Based on the actual number of queues supported and the number of cores present,
>     >     >     >     > this optimization may or may not work. It is unpredictable whether there will be benefit
>     >     >     >     > in a particular case from the user POV.
>     >     >     >     > If I were the administrator, I would try to error on the conservative side anyways if I could
>     >     >     >     > not predict the result.
>     >     >     >     > 
>     >     >     >     > Did I miss something ?
>     >     >     >     
>     >     >     >     In NFV environment if you want to add one more VM to your hosts you will have to
>     >     >     >     choose between:
>     >     >     >     
>     >     >     >     	* not creating a new PMD thread
>     >     >     >     		-> performance degradation of networking for other working VMs
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     >     
>     >     >     >     	* adding of the new PMD thread
>     >     >     >     		-> desruption of the networking for the whole host for the time
>     >     >     >     		   of OVS reconfiguration.
>     >     >     >     
>     >     >     >     This patch removes the cost of the second option.
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     > In general, adding a PMD thread per VM may not always (or even usually) make sense.
>     >     >     
>     >     >     Not per VM. Lets assume that all existing threads are already overloaded.
>     >     > 
>     >     > That would be less common; it is not the usual case.
>     >     
>     >     We have different points of view. We need more opinions on that.
>     >     
>     >     >     
>     >     >     > There are use cases for sure, but using a PMD core per VM is often viewed as dpdk using too much
>     >     >     > cpu resources and limiting the adoption of dpdk.
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     > Furthermore, for dpdk gateways it is irrelevant.
>     >     >     
>     >     >     Disagree with that statement.
>     >     > 
>     >     > dpdk gateways should not usually require changing pmd-cpu-mask when a VM is added to hypervisor
>     >     > somewhere. Sometimes you need to deploy more resources for sure, but this should be much less
>     >     > frequent than adding or removing VMs.
>     >     > The point is the user should be rarely changing the pmd-cpu-mask and this can be done during
>     >     > a maintenance window when needed.
>     >     > 
>     >     > 
>     >     >     >     
>     >     >     >     I don't understand what you mean saying 'unpredictable benefit'. The benefit is clear
>     >     >     >     and this optimization will work, except for HW NICs with very low number of HW queues.
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     > HW nic interfaces carry aggregated traffic for multiple VMs etc, so these cases are most important.
>     >     >     
>     >     >     And that is the point why this patch implemented. This patch tries to
>     >     >     minimize the packet drops on the "shared" between VMs HW NICs. It
>     >     >     allows to add new threads without breaking networking for others not
>     >     >     reconfiguring device that handles traffic for other VMs at this moment.
>     >     > 
>     >     > I understand what this patch wants to do and I understand what the last designs wanted to
>     >     > do as well.
>     >     > 
>     >     >     
>     >     >     > It is the ratio of the number of cores to hw queues that matter. If queues are less than
>     >     >     > cores, then the benefit may not occur.
>     >     >     
>     >     >     That's right. But are you saying that we should not apply optimization if
>     >     >     it covers only 50% of cases? (There is bigger percentage, actually, because
>     >     >     modern NICs supports pretty much tx queues)
>     >     > 
>     >     > Nobody knows what the number is, but I know that the number of cpus is increasing
>     >     > and making assumptions about the relative numbers of cores vs queues can only work by luck.
>     >     
>     >     As you mentioned previously, you think that creating large number of PMD
>     >     threads is not a common case (this follows from the "adding a PMD thread per
>     >     VM may not always (or even usually) make sense."). This means that optimization
>     >     from that patch will usually work because number of PMD threads is much less
>     >     than number of cores and usually will be comparable or less than number of queues.
>     > 
>     > Again, what I previously said is that I don’t expect each VM to have a dedicated PMD thread in the general case.
>     > The reasoning comes the cost based on utilization. In general, the high reservation of cores for PMD threads
>     > is persistently mentioned as a major impediment for DPDK adoption.
>     > 
>     > For DPDK gateways, I would expect anything is possible including most cores having PMD threads running.
>     > 
>     > Again, in general, I am not making any assumptions on the ratio of cores to queues, because I think these assumptions
>     > will break. The two parameters should be treated as independent parameters, which they are.
>     > This patch makes assumptions about the ratio of these two independent parameters.
>     > 
>     >     
>     >     And this will work now, not in some ephemeral future where DPDK will return real
>     >     numbers for available queues. In the future this maybe will work too, because not
>     >     only number of CPU cores increasing.
>     > 
>     > Again, the issue here is not whether it will work in some cases. The issues here is to give
>     > feedback to the user when it might work. Changing the pmd-cpu-mask is an infrequent administrative 
>     > command used on a ‘non-experimental product’, so the user should have feedback on what 
>     > would to be the result of the command.
>     > I might be ok with this patch if OVS-DPDK were still labelled as experimental, but I would not
>     > want to go back to the experimental tag if possible.
>     > 
>     >     > It is inherently unpredictable and unpredictable for a user initiated/controlled change is ugly.
>     >     > This is even worse when the user initiated change is rare because the user does not remember
>     >     > the full context of the command.
>     >     > 
>     >     >     
>     >     >     > This patch makes assumptions about the relative number of cores vs the number of queues.
>     >     >     > These two parameters should be treated as independent – this part really bothers me.
>     >     >     
>     >     >     It doesn't make any assumptions, it just optimizes one of 2 possible situations.
>     >     >     If the number of queues will be less, the behaviour will be exactly same as in
>     >     >     current master.
>     >     > 
>     >     > We are repeating the same thing.
>     >     > 
>     >     >     
>     >     >     > I think we could solve this in a coordinated generic fashion with a user management command
>     >     >     > that would also give feedback to the user as to the possible success and maybe provide options.
>     >     >     > I wonder if we will eventually go in that direction, in the future, anyways ?
>     >     >     
>     >     >     I don't think so. We don't need to have user management command because the
>     >     >     only sane values for the number of queues right now is the number of threads
>     >     >     or the maximum number of available queues in hardware. We're using the
>     >     >     first one only because HW is not able to say how many queues it able to
>     >     >     successfully configure.
>     >     > 
>     >     > The fact that hardware cannot always report the correct number of queues is an issue
>     >     > that will get solved over time and should be part of what a user command reports
>     >     > (eg) “unknown queue number, therefore it is unknown whether a pmd-cpu-mask change
>     >     > will be hitless”, issue the following command ‘X’ when you would like to make the change”).
>     >     
>     >     Reconfiguration will never be hitless until we're not even trying to make
>     >     it more lightweight.
>     >     
>     >     > 
>     >     > A wrapper user command(s) would provide visibility and predictability to the user.
>     >     > i.e. we can do better.
>     >     
>     >     *Why we need the configuration knob which can only decrease the performance?*
>     >     
>     >     This will end up in situation where users will just be forced to configure
>     >     number of tx queues for each port equal to number of cores in cpu mask.
>     >     Or they will just set up it to 1000 for all the ports to be sure that maximum
>     >     possible value was configured.
>     > 
>     > The key aspect here is about giving feedback to user about the result of a potential 
>     > pmd-cpu-mask change. I think it can done with the results being one of three possibilities.
>     > 1/ Command will be hitless.
>     > 2/ Command will not be hitless.
>     > 3/ Command hitless impact is unknown; assume traffic will be affected.
>     > 
>     > This should be supported by documentation.
>     > 
>     > With this patch as is, the result is unknown in all cases.
>     
>     
>     How about following incremental:
>     
>     --8<----------------------------------------------------------------------->8—
> 
> [Darrell]
> Part of the idea that I was getting at is a show command that can be run before a 
> pmd-cpu-mask change. We have a few of these commands already, like pmd-rxq-show.
> This would give additional information about TX queues across ports, for example.
> The command can be used outside of rare pmd-cpu-mask changes that this patch is about.
> 
> Additionally, having a max pmd setting that wanted TX queues could inherit from allows to increase PMDs
> less disruptively without opening and configuring all the queues on all nics ports at startup for PMD usage,
> regardless if only a limited number of tx queues are ever used for pmd threads.

It's not bad to initialize all the available queues. Never faced with issues
connected to allocating all the available queues. And this will be done only
once while initial configuration. HW queues will never be reinitialized if
device itself untouched. Which is an advantage from my point of view, because
we will never lost packets because of hardware resets.
 
> A log is not nearly as informative.

You can check number of configured tx queues at least using 'ovs-appctl dpif/show'.
Log below shows the full information you need to predict the impact of cpu
mask change. In below particular case port will be taken out of PMD thread only
if you'll try to create more than 63 threads. It will be taken to enable XPS and
assigned back after that. Note that real HW device will never be reconfigured
with this patch applied in case of pmd-cpu mask changes, it will be only taken
from the PMD thread for a while.

So, what additional information you want to see in such a new appctl command
which I can't get using 'dpif/show' and below information in log ?

Note: To be honest, we don't need the log message, because port will be taken
      out of PMD thread only if number of threads will be changed crossing the
      number of configured tx queues, i.e changing number of threads from N to M,
      if number of configured tx queues is between N and M.
      So, the result of 'dpif/show' is the only thing we need to predict the
      impact of reconfiguration. But I agree that having the log message will
      be more comfortable for users.

> 
> I simulated having a 72 ‘core equivalents’ configuration and asked for 73 tx queues as this patch and incremental
> proposed doing.
> 
> 2017-07-25T20:00:13.728Z|00069|netdev_dpdk|WARN|DARRELL: dpdk_eth_dev_queue_setup port name 'dpdk0'
> 2017-07-25T20:00:13.887Z|00071|dpif_netdev|WARN|DARRELL1: Port 'dpdk0'; dynamic_txqs '0'; n_txq '64'; needed_txqs 3; wanted_txqs 73
> 
> 2017-07-25T20:00:13.887Z|00072|dpif_netdev|WARN|Port 'dpdk0' has low number of Tx queues. Traffic through this port may be affected during reconfiguration if the number of PMD threads is changed to greater than 63.
> 
> Many nics have 32 or 64 max tx queues; some more and some less.

I don't see any problems here. Log message is fully correct.

> Some minor points below:
> 
> 
>     diff --git a/Documentation/intro/install/dpdk.rst b/Documentation/intro/install/dpdk.rst
>     index a05aa1a..0462784 100644
>     --- a/Documentation/intro/install/dpdk.rst
>     +++ b/Documentation/intro/install/dpdk.rst
>     @@ -458,8 +458,19 @@ affinitized accordingly.
>            $ ovs-vsctl set Open_vSwitch . other_config:pmd-cpu-mask=0x4
>      
>        .. note::
>     -    pmd thread on a NUMA node is only created if there is at least one DPDK
>     -    interface from that NUMA node added to OVS.
>     +    - pmd thread on a NUMA node is only created if there is at least one DPDK
>     +      interface from that NUMA node added to OVS.
>     +
>     +    - Addition/deletion of PMD threads may be hitless for Rx queues pinned via
>     +      ``pmd-rxq-affinity`` if the threads being deleted does not handle them
>     +      and ports has only one or big enough number of Tx queues. 
> 
> [Darrell]
> “big number of Tx queues” is not very clear.

This can be "ports has number of Tx queues equal to one or larger than number of CPU cores".

> 
>             If device's
>     +      performance could be affected during ``pmd-cpu-mask`` changes, a warning
>     +      appears in the log: ::
> 
> [Darrell]
> I think you meant “performance could be affected” to be something like “traffic can be interrupted.” ;
> applicable to an administrative command.

I see no significant difference, but can change if you wish.

> 
>     +
>     +        Port 'port' has low number of Tx queues. 
> 
> [Darrell]
> “low number of queues” is hard for the user to understand

We can add the actual number in that message or rewrite it like this:
"Port 'port' has number of Tx queues lower than possible number of PMD threads."

> Traffic through this port
>     +        may be affected during reconfiguration if the number of PMD threads
>     +        is changed to { less than or equal to | greater than } N.
>     +
>      
>      - QEMU vCPU thread Affinity
>      
>     diff --git a/lib/dpif-netdev.c b/lib/dpif-netdev.c
>     index 74d3535..2a92d86 100644
>     --- a/lib/dpif-netdev.c
>     +++ b/lib/dpif-netdev.c
>     @@ -3531,7 +3531,19 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)
>                  seq_change(dp->port_seq);
>                  port_destroy(port);
>              } else {
>     -            port->dynamic_txqs = netdev_n_txq(port->netdev) < needed_txqs;
>     +            int n_txq = netdev_n_txq(port->netdev);
>     +
>     +            port->dynamic_txqs = n_txq < needed_txqs;
>     +
>     +            if (n_txq > 1 && n_txq < wanted_txqs) {
>     +                VLOG_WARN("Port '%s' has low number of Tx queues. "
>     +                          "Traffic through this port may be affected during "
>     +                          "reconfiguration if the number of PMD threads is "
>     +                          "changed to %s %d.", netdev_get_name(port->netdev),
>     +                          port->dynamic_txqs ? "less than or equal to"
>     +                                             : "greater than",
>     +                          n_txq - 1);
>     +            }
>              }
>          }
>      
>     --8<----------------------------------------------------------------------->8--
>     
>     This will give an administrator all the required information to predict
>     performance impact of pmd-cpu-mask changes.
>     
>     
>     >     
>     >     And this option will have to configure maximum possible value less or equal
>     >     to passed one because we have no way to find the maximum value until dpdk not
>     >     fixed (which is actually the hard problem).
>     >     Otherwise, they will have to bisect it and that is the ugly thing.
>     > 
>     > ‘IF’ there are issues with rte_eth_dev_info_get(), ‘in some modes’, with returning the real number
>     > of hardware queues, then this can be characterized (meaning in which cases) and fixed. 
>     > In such a case, the feedback to the user should be conservative and fall into ‘3’ above.
>     >     
>     >     
>     >     >     This patch allows us to use the second value in all cases where possible.
>     >     >     
>     >     >     > 
>     >     >     >     But situation will never be worse than without this patch anyway.
>     >     >     >     
>     >     >     >     About PMD mask changes:
>     >     >     >     Even one change in a week can be disruptive in high-loaded NFV environment.
>     >     >     >     Also, this changes can be performed automatically by monitoring tools while
>     >     >     >     VMs migrations or rebalancing the load between PMD threads to free the CPU
>     >     >     >     cores for other applications/VMs.
>     >     >     >     
>     >     >     >     > 
>     >     >     >     >          /* The number of pmd threads might have changed, or a port can be new:
>     >     >     >     >           * adjust the txqs. */
>     >     >     >     >     @@ -3474,9 +3482,17 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)
>     >     >     >     >      
>     >     >     >     >          /* Check for all the ports that need reconfiguration.  We cache this in
>     >     >     >     >           * 'port->reconfigure', because netdev_is_reconf_required() can change at
>     >     >     >     >     -     * any time. */
>     >     >     >     >     +     * any time.
>     >     >     >     >     +     * Also mark for reconfiguration all ports which will likely change their
>     >     >     >     >     +     * 'dynamic_txqs' parameter. It's required to stop using them before
>     >     >     >     >     +     * changing this setting and it's simpler to mark ports here and allow
>     >     >     >     >     +     * 'pmd_remove_stale_ports' to remove them from threads. There will be
>     >     >     >     >     +     * no actual reconfiguration in 'port_reconfigure' because it's
>     >     >     >     >     +     * unnecessary.  */
>     >     >     >     >          HMAP_FOR_EACH (port, node, &dp->ports) {
>     >     >     >     >     -        if (netdev_is_reconf_required(port->netdev)) {
>     >     >     >     >     +        if (netdev_is_reconf_required(port->netdev)
>     >     >     >     >     +            || (port->dynamic_txqs
>     >     >     >     >     +                !=  netdev_n_txq(port->netdev) < needed_txqs)) {
>     >     >     >     >                  port->need_reconfigure = true;
>     >     >     >     >              }
>     >     >     >     >          }
>     >     >     >     >     @@ -3510,7 +3526,7 @@ reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)
>     >     >     >     >                  seq_change(dp->port_seq);
>     >     >     >     >                  port_destroy(port);
>     >     >     >     >              } else {
>     >     >     >     >     -            port->dynamic_txqs = netdev_n_txq(port->netdev) < wanted_txqs;
>     >     >     >     >     +            port->dynamic_txqs = netdev_n_txq(port->netdev) < needed_txqs;
>     >     >     >     >              }
>     >     >     >     >          }
>     >     >     >     >      
>     >     >     >     >     -- 
>     >     >     >     >     2.7.4
>     >     
>     > 
>     
> 
> 
>

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/intro/install/dpdk.rst b/Documentation/intro/install/dpdk.rst
index a05aa1a..0462784 100644
--- a/Documentation/intro/install/dpdk.rst
+++ b/Documentation/intro/install/dpdk.rst
@@ -458,8 +458,19 @@  affinitized accordingly.
       $ ovs-vsctl set Open_vSwitch . other_config:pmd-cpu-mask=0x4
 
   .. note::
-    pmd thread on a NUMA node is only created if there is at least one DPDK
-    interface from that NUMA node added to OVS.
+    - pmd thread on a NUMA node is only created if there is at least one DPDK
+      interface from that NUMA node added to OVS.
+
+    - Addition/deletion of PMD threads may be hitless for Rx queues pinned via
+      ``pmd-rxq-affinity`` if the threads being deleted does not handle them
+      and ports has only one or big enough number of Tx queues. If device's
+      performance could be affected during ``pmd-cpu-mask`` changes, a warning
+      appears in the log: ::
+
+        Port 'port' has low number of Tx queues. Traffic through this port
+        may be affected during reconfiguration if the number of PMD threads
+        is changed to { less than or equal to | greater than } N.
+
 
 - QEMU vCPU thread Affinity
 
diff --git a/lib/dpif-netdev.c b/lib/dpif-netdev.c
index 74d3535..2a92d86 100644
--- a/lib/dpif-netdev.c
+++ b/lib/dpif-netdev.c
@@ -3531,7 +3531,19 @@  reconfigure_datapath(struct dp_netdev *dp)
             seq_change(dp->port_seq);
             port_destroy(port);
         } else {
-            port->dynamic_txqs = netdev_n_txq(port->netdev) < needed_txqs;
+            int n_txq = netdev_n_txq(port->netdev);
+
+            port->dynamic_txqs = n_txq < needed_txqs;
+
+            if (n_txq > 1 && n_txq < wanted_txqs) {
+                VLOG_WARN("Port '%s' has low number of Tx queues. "
+                          "Traffic through this port may be affected during "
+                          "reconfiguration if the number of PMD threads is "
+                          "changed to %s %d.", netdev_get_name(port->netdev),
+                          port->dynamic_txqs ? "less than or equal to"
+                                             : "greater than",
+                          n_txq - 1);
+            }
         }
     }