nand: fix wrong default oob layout for small pages using soft ecc

Message ID 20170705065109.7738-1-miquel.raynal@free-electrons.com
State Accepted
Delegated to: Boris Brezillon
Headers show

Commit Message

Miquel RAYNAL July 5, 2017, 6:51 a.m.
When using soft ecc, if no ooblayout is given, the core automatically
uses one of the nand_ooblayout_{sp,lp}*() functions to determine the
layout inside the out of band data.

Until kernel version 4.6, struct nand_ecclayout was used for that
purpose. During the migration from 4.6 to 4.7, an error shown up in the
small page layout, in the case oob section is only 8 bytes long.

The layout was using three bytes (0, 1, 2) for ecc, two bytes (3, 4)
as free bytes, one byte (5) for bad block marker and finally
two bytes (6, 7) as free bytes, as shown there:

[linux-4.6] drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c:52
static struct nand_ecclayout nand_oob_8 = {
	.eccbytes = 3,
	.eccpos = {0, 1, 2},
	.oobfree = {
		{.offset = 3,
		 .length = 2},
		{.offset = 6,
		 .length = 2} }
};

This fixes the current implementation which is incoherent. It
references bit 3 at the same time as an ecc byte and a free byte.

Furthermore, it is clear with the previous implementation that there
is only one ecc section with 8 bytes oob sections. We shall return
-ERANGE in the nand_ooblayout_ecc_sp() function when asked for the
second section.

Signed-off-by: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@free-electrons.com>
---
 drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c | 8 +++++++-
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Comments

Boris Brezillon July 5, 2017, 7:04 a.m. | #1
Hi Miquel,

On Wed,  5 Jul 2017 08:51:09 +0200
Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@free-electrons.com> wrote:

> When using soft ecc, if no ooblayout is given, the core automatically
> uses one of the nand_ooblayout_{sp,lp}*() functions to determine the
> layout inside the out of band data.
> 
> Until kernel version 4.6, struct nand_ecclayout was used for that
> purpose. During the migration from 4.6 to 4.7, an error shown up in the
> small page layout, in the case oob section is only 8 bytes long.
> 
> The layout was using three bytes (0, 1, 2) for ecc, two bytes (3, 4)
> as free bytes, one byte (5) for bad block marker and finally
> two bytes (6, 7) as free bytes, as shown there:
> 
> [linux-4.6] drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c:52
> static struct nand_ecclayout nand_oob_8 = {
> 	.eccbytes = 3,
> 	.eccpos = {0, 1, 2},
> 	.oobfree = {
> 		{.offset = 3,
> 		 .length = 2},
> 		{.offset = 6,
> 		 .length = 2} }
> };
> 
> This fixes the current implementation which is incoherent. It
> references bit 3 at the same time as an ecc byte and a free byte.
> 
> Furthermore, it is clear with the previous implementation that there
> is only one ecc section with 8 bytes oob sections. We shall return
> -ERANGE in the nand_ooblayout_ecc_sp() function when asked for the
> second section.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@free-electrons.com>

Looks good to me. BTW, it looks like a good candidate for stable.
No need to send a v2, I'll add the following when applying:

Fixes: 41b207a70d3a ("mtd: nand: implement the default mtd_ooblayout_ops")
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>

Thanks,

Boris

> ---
>  drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c | 8 +++++++-
>  1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
> index b1dd12729f19..c5221795a1e8 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
> @@ -65,8 +65,14 @@ static int nand_ooblayout_ecc_sp(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
>  
>  	if (!section) {
>  		oobregion->offset = 0;
> -		oobregion->length = 4;
> +		if (mtd->oobsize == 16)
> +			oobregion->length = 4;
> +		else
> +			oobregion->length = 3;
>  	} else {
> +		if (mtd->oobsize == 8)
> +			return -ERANGE;
> +
>  		oobregion->offset = 6;
>  		oobregion->length = ecc->total - 4;
>  	}
Boris Brezillon July 31, 2017, 4:31 p.m. | #2
On Wed, 5 Jul 2017 09:04:53 +0200
Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@free-electrons.com> wrote:

> Hi Miquel,
> 
> On Wed,  5 Jul 2017 08:51:09 +0200
> Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@free-electrons.com> wrote:
> 
> > When using soft ecc, if no ooblayout is given, the core automatically
> > uses one of the nand_ooblayout_{sp,lp}*() functions to determine the
> > layout inside the out of band data.
> > 
> > Until kernel version 4.6, struct nand_ecclayout was used for that
> > purpose. During the migration from 4.6 to 4.7, an error shown up in the
> > small page layout, in the case oob section is only 8 bytes long.
> > 
> > The layout was using three bytes (0, 1, 2) for ecc, two bytes (3, 4)
> > as free bytes, one byte (5) for bad block marker and finally
> > two bytes (6, 7) as free bytes, as shown there:
> > 
> > [linux-4.6] drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c:52
> > static struct nand_ecclayout nand_oob_8 = {
> > 	.eccbytes = 3,
> > 	.eccpos = {0, 1, 2},
> > 	.oobfree = {
> > 		{.offset = 3,
> > 		 .length = 2},
> > 		{.offset = 6,
> > 		 .length = 2} }
> > };
> > 
> > This fixes the current implementation which is incoherent. It
> > references bit 3 at the same time as an ecc byte and a free byte.
> > 
> > Furthermore, it is clear with the previous implementation that there
> > is only one ecc section with 8 bytes oob sections. We shall return
> > -ERANGE in the nand_ooblayout_ecc_sp() function when asked for the
> > second section.

Applied to nand/fixes.

Thanks,

Boris

> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@free-electrons.com>  
> 
> Looks good to me. BTW, it looks like a good candidate for stable.
> No need to send a v2, I'll add the following when applying:
> 
> Fixes: 41b207a70d3a ("mtd: nand: implement the default mtd_ooblayout_ops")
> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
> 
> Thanks,
> 
> Boris
> 
> > ---
> >  drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c | 8 +++++++-
> >  1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
> > index b1dd12729f19..c5221795a1e8 100644
> > --- a/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
> > +++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
> > @@ -65,8 +65,14 @@ static int nand_ooblayout_ecc_sp(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
> >  
> >  	if (!section) {
> >  		oobregion->offset = 0;
> > -		oobregion->length = 4;
> > +		if (mtd->oobsize == 16)
> > +			oobregion->length = 4;
> > +		else
> > +			oobregion->length = 3;
> >  	} else {
> > +		if (mtd->oobsize == 8)
> > +			return -ERANGE;
> > +
> >  		oobregion->offset = 6;
> >  		oobregion->length = ecc->total - 4;
> >  	}  
>

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
index b1dd12729f19..c5221795a1e8 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
@@ -65,8 +65,14 @@  static int nand_ooblayout_ecc_sp(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
 
 	if (!section) {
 		oobregion->offset = 0;
-		oobregion->length = 4;
+		if (mtd->oobsize == 16)
+			oobregion->length = 4;
+		else
+			oobregion->length = 3;
 	} else {
+		if (mtd->oobsize == 8)
+			return -ERANGE;
+
 		oobregion->offset = 6;
 		oobregion->length = ecc->total - 4;
 	}