Patchwork [v6,2/4] virtio-pci: Use ioeventfd for virtqueue notify

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Submitter Stefan Hajnoczi
Date Dec. 17, 2010, 12:01 p.m.
Message ID <1292587312-24511-3-git-send-email-stefanha@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/75883/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Stefan Hajnoczi - Dec. 17, 2010, 12:01 p.m.
Virtqueue notify is currently handled synchronously in userspace virtio.  This
prevents the vcpu from executing guest code while hardware emulation code
handles the notify.

On systems that support KVM, the ioeventfd mechanism can be used to make
virtqueue notify a lightweight exit by deferring hardware emulation to the
iothread and allowing the VM to continue execution.  This model is similar to
how vhost receives virtqueue notifies.

The result of this change is improved performance for userspace virtio devices.
Virtio-blk throughput increases especially for multithreaded scenarios and
virtio-net transmit throughput increases substantially.

Some virtio devices are known to have guest drivers which expect a notify to be
processed synchronously and spin waiting for completion.  Only enable ioeventfd
for virtio-blk and virtio-net for now.

Care must be taken not to interfere with vhost-net, which uses host
notifiers.  If the set_host_notifier() API is used by a device
virtio-pci will disable virtio-ioeventfd and let the device deal with
host notifiers as it wishes.

After migration and on VM change state (running/paused) virtio-ioeventfd
will enable/disable itself.

 * VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK -> enable virtio-ioeventfd
 * !VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK -> disable virtio-ioeventfd
 * virtio_pci_set_host_notifier() -> disable virtio-ioeventfd
 * vm_change_state(running=0) -> disable virtio-ioeventfd
 * vm_change_state(running=1) -> enable virtio-ioeventfd

Signed-off-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 hw/virtio-pci.c |  190 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 hw/virtio.c     |   14 +++-
 hw/virtio.h     |    1 +
 3 files changed, 179 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/hw/virtio-pci.c b/hw/virtio-pci.c
index 13dd391..6b12248 100644
--- a/hw/virtio-pci.c
+++ b/hw/virtio-pci.c
@@ -83,6 +83,11 @@ 
 /* Flags track per-device state like workarounds for quirks in older guests. */
 #define VIRTIO_PCI_FLAG_BUS_MASTER_BUG  (1 << 0)
 
+/* Performance improves when virtqueue kick processing is decoupled from the
+ * vcpu thread using ioeventfd for some devices. */
+#define VIRTIO_PCI_FLAG_USE_IOEVENTFD_BIT 1
+#define VIRTIO_PCI_FLAG_USE_IOEVENTFD   (1 << VIRTIO_PCI_FLAG_USE_IOEVENTFD_BIT)
+
 /* QEMU doesn't strictly need write barriers since everything runs in
  * lock-step.  We'll leave the calls to wmb() in though to make it obvious for
  * KVM or if kqemu gets SMP support.
@@ -107,6 +112,8 @@  typedef struct {
     /* Max. number of ports we can have for a the virtio-serial device */
     uint32_t max_virtserial_ports;
     virtio_net_conf net;
+    bool ioeventfd_started;
+    VMChangeStateEntry *vm_change_state_entry;
 } VirtIOPCIProxy;
 
 /* virtio device */
@@ -179,12 +186,131 @@  static int virtio_pci_load_queue(void * opaque, int n, QEMUFile *f)
     return 0;
 }
 
+static int virtio_pci_set_host_notifier_internal(VirtIOPCIProxy *proxy,
+                                                 int n, bool assign)
+{
+    VirtQueue *vq = virtio_get_queue(proxy->vdev, n);
+    EventNotifier *notifier = virtio_queue_get_host_notifier(vq);
+    int r;
+    if (assign) {
+        r = event_notifier_init(notifier, 1);
+        if (r < 0) {
+            return r;
+        }
+        r = kvm_set_ioeventfd_pio_word(event_notifier_get_fd(notifier),
+                                       proxy->addr + VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_NOTIFY,
+                                       n, assign);
+        if (r < 0) {
+            event_notifier_cleanup(notifier);
+        }
+    } else {
+        r = kvm_set_ioeventfd_pio_word(event_notifier_get_fd(notifier),
+                                       proxy->addr + VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_NOTIFY,
+                                       n, assign);
+        if (r < 0) {
+            return r;
+        }
+
+        /* Handle the race condition where the guest kicked and we deassigned
+         * before we got around to handling the kick.
+         */
+        if (event_notifier_test_and_clear(notifier)) {
+            virtio_queue_notify_vq(vq);
+        }
+
+        event_notifier_cleanup(notifier);
+    }
+    return r;
+}
+
+static void virtio_pci_host_notifier_read(void *opaque)
+{
+    VirtQueue *vq = opaque;
+    EventNotifier *n = virtio_queue_get_host_notifier(vq);
+    if (event_notifier_test_and_clear(n)) {
+        virtio_queue_notify_vq(vq);
+    }
+}
+
+static void virtio_pci_set_host_notifier_fd_handler(VirtIOPCIProxy *proxy,
+                                                    int n, bool assign)
+{
+    VirtQueue *vq = virtio_get_queue(proxy->vdev, n);
+    EventNotifier *notifier = virtio_queue_get_host_notifier(vq);
+    if (assign) {
+        qemu_set_fd_handler(event_notifier_get_fd(notifier),
+                            virtio_pci_host_notifier_read, NULL, vq);
+    } else {
+        qemu_set_fd_handler(event_notifier_get_fd(notifier),
+                            NULL, NULL, NULL);
+    }
+}
+
+static int virtio_pci_start_ioeventfd(VirtIOPCIProxy *proxy)
+{
+    int n, r;
+
+    if (!(proxy->flags & VIRTIO_PCI_FLAG_USE_IOEVENTFD) ||
+        proxy->ioeventfd_started) {
+        return 0;
+    }
+
+    for (n = 0; n < VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_MAX; n++) {
+        if (!virtio_queue_get_num(proxy->vdev, n)) {
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        r = virtio_pci_set_host_notifier_internal(proxy, n, true);
+        if (r < 0) {
+            goto assign_error;
+        }
+
+        virtio_pci_set_host_notifier_fd_handler(proxy, n, true);
+    }
+    proxy->ioeventfd_started = true;
+    return 0;
+
+assign_error:
+    while (--n >= 0) {
+        if (!virtio_queue_get_num(proxy->vdev, n)) {
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        virtio_pci_set_host_notifier_fd_handler(proxy, n, false);
+        virtio_pci_set_host_notifier_internal(proxy, n, false);
+    }
+    proxy->ioeventfd_started = false;
+    proxy->flags &= ~VIRTIO_PCI_FLAG_USE_IOEVENTFD;
+    return r;
+}
+
+static int virtio_pci_stop_ioeventfd(VirtIOPCIProxy *proxy)
+{
+    int n;
+
+    if (!proxy->ioeventfd_started) {
+        return 0;
+    }
+
+    for (n = 0; n < VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_MAX; n++) {
+        if (!virtio_queue_get_num(proxy->vdev, n)) {
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        virtio_pci_set_host_notifier_fd_handler(proxy, n, false);
+        virtio_pci_set_host_notifier_internal(proxy, n, false);
+    }
+    proxy->ioeventfd_started = false;
+    return 0;
+}
+
 static void virtio_pci_reset(DeviceState *d)
 {
     VirtIOPCIProxy *proxy = container_of(d, VirtIOPCIProxy, pci_dev.qdev);
+    virtio_pci_stop_ioeventfd(proxy);
     virtio_reset(proxy->vdev);
     msix_reset(&proxy->pci_dev);
-    proxy->flags = 0;
+    proxy->flags &= ~VIRTIO_PCI_FLAG_BUS_MASTER_BUG;
 }
 
 static void virtio_ioport_write(void *opaque, uint32_t addr, uint32_t val)
@@ -209,6 +335,7 @@  static void virtio_ioport_write(void *opaque, uint32_t addr, uint32_t val)
     case VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_PFN:
         pa = (target_phys_addr_t)val << VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_ADDR_SHIFT;
         if (pa == 0) {
+            virtio_pci_stop_ioeventfd(proxy);
             virtio_reset(proxy->vdev);
             msix_unuse_all_vectors(&proxy->pci_dev);
         }
@@ -223,6 +350,12 @@  static void virtio_ioport_write(void *opaque, uint32_t addr, uint32_t val)
         virtio_queue_notify(vdev, val);
         break;
     case VIRTIO_PCI_STATUS:
+        if (val & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK) {
+            virtio_pci_start_ioeventfd(proxy);
+        } else {
+            virtio_pci_stop_ioeventfd(proxy);
+        }
+
         virtio_set_status(vdev, val & 0xFF);
         if (vdev->status == 0) {
             virtio_reset(proxy->vdev);
@@ -403,6 +536,7 @@  static void virtio_write_config(PCIDevice *pci_dev, uint32_t address,
     if (PCI_COMMAND == address) {
         if (!(val & PCI_COMMAND_MASTER)) {
             if (!(proxy->flags & VIRTIO_PCI_FLAG_BUS_MASTER_BUG)) {
+                virtio_pci_stop_ioeventfd(proxy);
                 virtio_set_status(proxy->vdev,
                                   proxy->vdev->status & ~VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK);
             }
@@ -480,30 +614,27 @@  assign_error:
 static int virtio_pci_set_host_notifier(void *opaque, int n, bool assign)
 {
     VirtIOPCIProxy *proxy = opaque;
-    VirtQueue *vq = virtio_get_queue(proxy->vdev, n);
-    EventNotifier *notifier = virtio_queue_get_host_notifier(vq);
-    int r;
-    if (assign) {
-        r = event_notifier_init(notifier, 1);
-        if (r < 0) {
-            return r;
-        }
-        r = kvm_set_ioeventfd_pio_word(event_notifier_get_fd(notifier),
-                                       proxy->addr + VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_NOTIFY,
-                                       n, assign);
-        if (r < 0) {
-            event_notifier_cleanup(notifier);
-        }
+
+    /* Stop using ioeventfd for virtqueue kick if the device starts using host
+     * notifiers.  This makes it easy to avoid stepping on each others' toes.
+     */
+    if (proxy->ioeventfd_started) {
+        virtio_pci_stop_ioeventfd(proxy);
+        proxy->flags &= ~VIRTIO_PCI_FLAG_USE_IOEVENTFD;
+    }
+
+    return virtio_pci_set_host_notifier_internal(proxy, n, assign);
+}
+
+static void virtio_pci_vm_change_state_handler(void *opaque, int running, int reason)
+{
+    VirtIOPCIProxy *proxy = opaque;
+
+    if (running && (proxy->vdev->status & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK)) {
+        virtio_pci_start_ioeventfd(proxy);
     } else {
-        r = kvm_set_ioeventfd_pio_word(event_notifier_get_fd(notifier),
-                                       proxy->addr + VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_NOTIFY,
-                                       n, assign);
-        if (r < 0) {
-            return r;
-        }
-        event_notifier_cleanup(notifier);
+        virtio_pci_stop_ioeventfd(proxy);
     }
-    return r;
 }
 
 static const VirtIOBindings virtio_pci_bindings = {
@@ -563,6 +694,10 @@  static void virtio_init_pci(VirtIOPCIProxy *proxy, VirtIODevice *vdev,
     proxy->host_features |= 0x1 << VIRTIO_F_NOTIFY_ON_EMPTY;
     proxy->host_features |= 0x1 << VIRTIO_F_BAD_FEATURE;
     proxy->host_features = vdev->get_features(vdev, proxy->host_features);
+
+    proxy->vm_change_state_entry = qemu_add_vm_change_state_handler(
+                                        virtio_pci_vm_change_state_handler,
+                                        proxy);
 }
 
 static int virtio_blk_init_pci(PCIDevice *pci_dev)
@@ -590,6 +725,9 @@  static int virtio_blk_init_pci(PCIDevice *pci_dev)
 
 static int virtio_exit_pci(PCIDevice *pci_dev)
 {
+    VirtIOPCIProxy *proxy = DO_UPCAST(VirtIOPCIProxy, pci_dev, pci_dev);
+
+    qemu_del_vm_change_state_handler(proxy->vm_change_state_entry);
     return msix_uninit(pci_dev);
 }
 
@@ -597,6 +735,7 @@  static int virtio_blk_exit_pci(PCIDevice *pci_dev)
 {
     VirtIOPCIProxy *proxy = DO_UPCAST(VirtIOPCIProxy, pci_dev, pci_dev);
 
+    virtio_pci_stop_ioeventfd(proxy);
     virtio_blk_exit(proxy->vdev);
     blockdev_mark_auto_del(proxy->block.bs);
     return virtio_exit_pci(pci_dev);
@@ -658,6 +797,7 @@  static int virtio_net_exit_pci(PCIDevice *pci_dev)
 {
     VirtIOPCIProxy *proxy = DO_UPCAST(VirtIOPCIProxy, pci_dev, pci_dev);
 
+    virtio_pci_stop_ioeventfd(proxy);
     virtio_net_exit(proxy->vdev);
     return virtio_exit_pci(pci_dev);
 }
@@ -705,6 +845,8 @@  static PCIDeviceInfo virtio_info[] = {
         .qdev.props = (Property[]) {
             DEFINE_PROP_HEX32("class", VirtIOPCIProxy, class_code, 0),
             DEFINE_BLOCK_PROPERTIES(VirtIOPCIProxy, block),
+            DEFINE_PROP_BIT("ioeventfd", VirtIOPCIProxy, flags,
+                            VIRTIO_PCI_FLAG_USE_IOEVENTFD_BIT, true),
             DEFINE_PROP_UINT32("vectors", VirtIOPCIProxy, nvectors, 2),
             DEFINE_VIRTIO_BLK_FEATURES(VirtIOPCIProxy, host_features),
             DEFINE_PROP_END_OF_LIST(),
@@ -717,6 +859,8 @@  static PCIDeviceInfo virtio_info[] = {
         .exit       = virtio_net_exit_pci,
         .romfile    = "pxe-virtio.bin",
         .qdev.props = (Property[]) {
+            DEFINE_PROP_BIT("ioeventfd", VirtIOPCIProxy, flags,
+                            VIRTIO_PCI_FLAG_USE_IOEVENTFD_BIT, false),
             DEFINE_PROP_UINT32("vectors", VirtIOPCIProxy, nvectors, 3),
             DEFINE_VIRTIO_NET_FEATURES(VirtIOPCIProxy, host_features),
             DEFINE_NIC_PROPERTIES(VirtIOPCIProxy, nic),
diff --git a/hw/virtio.c b/hw/virtio.c
index 07dbf86..e40296a 100644
--- a/hw/virtio.c
+++ b/hw/virtio.c
@@ -575,11 +575,19 @@  int virtio_queue_get_num(VirtIODevice *vdev, int n)
     return vdev->vq[n].vring.num;
 }
 
+void virtio_queue_notify_vq(VirtQueue *vq)
+{
+    if (vq->vring.desc) {
+        VirtIODevice *vdev = vq->vdev;
+        trace_virtio_queue_notify(vdev, vq - vdev->vq, vq);
+        vq->handle_output(vdev, vq);
+    }
+}
+
 void virtio_queue_notify(VirtIODevice *vdev, int n)
 {
-    if (n < VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_MAX && vdev->vq[n].vring.desc) {
-        trace_virtio_queue_notify(vdev, n, &vdev->vq[n]);
-        vdev->vq[n].handle_output(vdev, &vdev->vq[n]);
+    if (n < VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_MAX) {
+        virtio_queue_notify_vq(&vdev->vq[n]);
     }
 }
 
diff --git a/hw/virtio.h b/hw/virtio.h
index 02fa312..5ae521c 100644
--- a/hw/virtio.h
+++ b/hw/virtio.h
@@ -219,5 +219,6 @@  void virtio_queue_set_last_avail_idx(VirtIODevice *vdev, int n, uint16_t idx);
 VirtQueue *virtio_get_queue(VirtIODevice *vdev, int n);
 EventNotifier *virtio_queue_get_guest_notifier(VirtQueue *vq);
 EventNotifier *virtio_queue_get_host_notifier(VirtQueue *vq);
+void virtio_queue_notify_vq(VirtQueue *vq);
 void virtio_irq(VirtQueue *vq);
 #endif