Patchwork [2/5] ccid: add passthru card device

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Submitter Alon Levy
Date Dec. 16, 2010, 11:06 a.m.
Message ID <1292497600-16115-3-git-send-email-alevy@redhat.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/75739/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Alon Levy - Dec. 16, 2010, 11:06 a.m.
The passthru ccid card is a device sitting on the usb-ccid bus and
using a chardevice to communicate with a remote device using the
VSCard protocol defined in libcacard/vscard_common.h

Usage docs available in following patch in docs/ccid.txt

Signed-off-by: Alon Levy <alevy@redhat.com>
---
 Makefile.objs             |    2 +-
 hw/ccid-card-passthru.c   |  277 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 libcacard/vscard_common.h |  130 +++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 408 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 hw/ccid-card-passthru.c
 create mode 100644 libcacard/vscard_common.h
Gerd Hoffmann - Dec. 16, 2010, 12:38 p.m.
On 12/16/10 12:06, Alon Levy wrote:
> The passthru ccid card is a device sitting on the usb-ccid bus and
> using a chardevice to communicate with a remote device using the
> VSCard protocol defined in libcacard/vscard_common.h
>
> Usage docs available in following patch in docs/ccid.txt
>

Acked-by: Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel@redhat.com>

cheers,
   Gerd

Patch

diff --git a/Makefile.objs b/Makefile.objs
index 1454264..c4a445c 100644
--- a/Makefile.objs
+++ b/Makefile.objs
@@ -193,7 +193,7 @@  hw-obj-$(CONFIG_FDC) += fdc.o
 hw-obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI) += acpi.o acpi_piix4.o
 hw-obj-$(CONFIG_APM) += pm_smbus.o apm.o
 hw-obj-$(CONFIG_DMA) += dma.o
-hw-obj-$(CONFIG_SMARTCARD) += usb-ccid.o
+hw-obj-$(CONFIG_SMARTCARD) += usb-ccid.o ccid-card-passthru.o
 
 # PPC devices
 hw-obj-$(CONFIG_OPENPIC) += openpic.o
diff --git a/hw/ccid-card-passthru.c b/hw/ccid-card-passthru.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e90ba0e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/ccid-card-passthru.c
@@ -0,0 +1,277 @@ 
+/*
+ * CCID Card Device emulation
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010 Red Hat.
+ * Written by Alon Levy.
+ *
+ * This code is licenced under the LGPL.
+ */
+
+#include "qemu-char.h"
+#include "monitor.h"
+#include "hw/ccid.h"
+#include "libcacard/vscard_common.h"
+
+#define DPRINTF(card, lvl, fmt, ...) \
+do { if (lvl <= card->debug) { printf("ccid-card: " fmt , ## __VA_ARGS__); } } while (0)
+
+/* Passthru card */
+
+
+// TODO: do we still need this?
+uint8_t DEFAULT_ATR[] = {
+/* From some example somewhere
+ 0x3B, 0xB0, 0x18, 0x00, 0xD1, 0x81, 0x05, 0xB1, 0x40, 0x38, 0x1F, 0x03, 0x28
+ */
+
+/* From an Athena smart card */
+ 0x3B, 0xD5, 0x18, 0xFF, 0x80, 0x91, 0xFE, 0x1F, 0xC3, 0x80, 0x73, 0xC8, 0x21, 0x13, 0x08
+
+}; /* maximum size of ATR - from 7816-3 */
+
+
+#define PASSTHRU_DEV_NAME "ccid-card-passthru"
+#define VSCARD_IN_SIZE 65536
+#define MAX_ATR_SIZE        40
+
+typedef struct PassthruState PassthruState;
+
+struct PassthruState {
+    CCIDCardState base;
+    CharDriverState *cs;
+    uint8_t  vscard_in_data[VSCARD_IN_SIZE];
+    uint32_t vscard_in_pos;
+    uint32_t vscard_in_hdr;
+    uint8_t  atr[MAX_ATR_SIZE];
+    uint8_t  atr_length;
+    uint8_t debug;
+};
+
+/* VSCard protocol over chardev
+ * This code should not depend on the card type.
+ * */
+
+static void ccid_card_vscard_send_msg(
+    PassthruState *s, VSCMsgType type, reader_id_t reader_id,
+        const uint8_t* payload, uint32_t length)
+{
+    VSCMsgHeader scr_msg_header;
+
+    scr_msg_header.type = type;
+    scr_msg_header.reader_id = reader_id;
+    scr_msg_header.length = length;
+    qemu_chr_write(s->cs, (uint8_t*)&scr_msg_header, sizeof(VSCMsgHeader));
+    qemu_chr_write(s->cs, payload, length);
+}
+
+static void ccid_card_vscard_send_apdu(
+    PassthruState *s, const uint8_t* apdu, uint32_t length)
+{
+    ccid_card_vscard_send_msg(s, VSC_APDU, VSCARD_MINIMAL_READER_ID, apdu, length);
+}
+
+static void ccid_card_vscard_send_error(
+    PassthruState *s, reader_id_t reader_id, VSCErrorCode code)
+{
+    VSCMsgError msg = {.code=code};
+
+    ccid_card_vscard_send_msg(s, VSC_Error, reader_id, (uint8_t*)&msg, sizeof(msg));
+}
+
+static void ccid_card_vscard_send_init(PassthruState *s)
+{
+    VSCMsgInit msg = {.version=VSCARD_VERSION};
+
+    ccid_card_vscard_send_msg(s, VSC_Init, VSCARD_UNDEFINED_READER_ID,
+                         (uint8_t*)&msg, sizeof(msg));
+}
+
+static int ccid_card_vscard_can_read(void *opaque)
+{
+    return 65535;
+}
+
+static void ccid_card_vscard_handle_message(PassthruState *card,
+    VSCMsgHeader* scr_msg_header)
+{
+    uint8_t *data = (uint8_t*)&scr_msg_header[1];
+
+    switch (scr_msg_header->type) {
+        case VSC_ATR:
+            DPRINTF(card, 1, "VSC_ATR %d\n", scr_msg_header->length);
+            assert(scr_msg_header->length <= MAX_ATR_SIZE);
+            memcpy(card->atr, data, scr_msg_header->length);
+            card->atr_length = scr_msg_header->length;
+            ccid_card_card_inserted(&card->base);
+            break;
+        case VSC_APDU:
+            ccid_card_send_apdu_to_guest(&card->base, data, scr_msg_header->length);
+            break;
+        case VSC_CardRemove:
+            DPRINTF(card, 1, "VSC_CardRemove\n");
+            ccid_card_card_removed(&card->base);
+            break;
+        case VSC_Init:
+            break;
+        case VSC_Error:
+            ccid_card_card_error(&card->base, *(uint64_t*)data);
+            break;
+        case VSC_ReaderAdd:
+            if (ccid_card_ccid_attach(&card->base) < 0) {
+                ccid_card_vscard_send_error(card, VSCARD_UNDEFINED_READER_ID,
+                                          VSC_CANNOT_ADD_MORE_READERS);
+            } else {
+                ccid_card_vscard_send_msg(card, VSC_ReaderAddResponse,
+                                             VSCARD_MINIMAL_READER_ID, NULL, 0);
+            }
+            break;
+        case VSC_ReaderRemove:
+            ccid_card_ccid_detach(&card->base);
+            break;
+        default:
+            printf("usb-ccid: chardev: unexpected message of type %X\n",
+                   scr_msg_header->type);
+            ccid_card_vscard_send_error(card, scr_msg_header->reader_id,
+                VSC_GENERAL_ERROR);
+    }
+}
+
+static void ccid_card_vscard_read(void *opaque, const uint8_t *buf, int size)
+{
+    PassthruState *card = opaque;
+    VSCMsgHeader *hdr;
+
+    assert(card->vscard_in_pos + size <= VSCARD_IN_SIZE);
+    memcpy(card->vscard_in_data + card->vscard_in_pos, buf, size);
+    card->vscard_in_pos += size;
+    hdr = (VSCMsgHeader*)(card->vscard_in_data + card->vscard_in_hdr);
+
+    while ((card->vscard_in_pos - card->vscard_in_hdr >= sizeof(VSCMsgHeader)) &&
+           (card->vscard_in_pos - card->vscard_in_hdr - sizeof(VSCMsgHeader) >=
+           hdr->length)) {
+        ccid_card_vscard_handle_message(card, hdr);
+        card->vscard_in_hdr += hdr->length + sizeof(VSCMsgHeader);
+        hdr = (VSCMsgHeader*)(card->vscard_in_data + card->vscard_in_hdr);
+    }
+    if (card->vscard_in_hdr == card->vscard_in_pos) {
+        card->vscard_in_pos = card->vscard_in_hdr = 0;
+    }
+}
+
+static void ccid_card_vscard_event(void *opaque, int event)
+{
+    PassthruState *card = opaque;
+
+    switch (event) {
+        case CHR_EVENT_BREAK:
+            break;
+        case CHR_EVENT_FOCUS:
+            break;
+        case CHR_EVENT_OPENED:
+            DPRINTF(card, 1, "%s: CHR_EVENT_OPENED\n", __func__);
+            break;
+    }
+}
+
+/* End VSCard handling */
+
+static void passthru_apdu_from_guest(CCIDCardState *base, const uint8_t *apdu, uint32_t len)
+{
+    PassthruState *card = DO_UPCAST(PassthruState, base, base);
+
+    if (!card->cs) {
+        printf("ccid-passthru: no chardev, discarding apdu length %d\n", len);
+        return;
+    }
+    ccid_card_vscard_send_apdu(card, apdu, len);
+}
+
+static const uint8_t* passthru_get_atr(CCIDCardState *base, uint32_t *len)
+{
+    PassthruState *card = DO_UPCAST(PassthruState, base, base);
+
+    *len = card->atr_length;
+    return card->atr;
+}
+
+static int passthru_initfn(CCIDCardState *base)
+{
+    PassthruState *card = DO_UPCAST(PassthruState, base, base);
+
+    card->vscard_in_pos = 0;
+    card->vscard_in_hdr = 0;
+    if (card->cs) {
+        DPRINTF(card, 1, "initing chardev\n");
+        qemu_chr_add_handlers(card->cs,
+            ccid_card_vscard_can_read,
+            ccid_card_vscard_read,
+            ccid_card_vscard_event, card);
+        ccid_card_vscard_send_init(card);
+    }
+    assert(sizeof(DEFAULT_ATR) <= MAX_ATR_SIZE);
+    memcpy(card->atr, DEFAULT_ATR, sizeof(DEFAULT_ATR));
+    card->atr_length = sizeof(DEFAULT_ATR);
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static int passthru_exitfn(CCIDCardState *base)
+{
+    PassthruState *card = DO_UPCAST(PassthruState, base, base);
+
+    if (card->cs) {
+        qemu_chr_close(card->cs);
+    }
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static void passthru_pre_save(void *opaque)
+{
+    PassthruState *card = opaque;
+    VSCMsgReconnect reconnect;
+
+    reconnect.ip = 0; // TODO - does the bus keep the target ip? s->migration_target_ip;
+    reconnect.port = 0; // TODO - does the bus keep the target ip? s->migration_target_port;
+    ccid_card_vscard_send_msg(card, VSC_Reconnect, VSCARD_UNDEFINED_READER_ID,
+                         (uint8_t*)&reconnect, sizeof(reconnect));
+}
+
+static VMStateDescription passthru_vmstate = {
+    .name = PASSTHRU_DEV_NAME,
+    .version_id = 1,
+    .minimum_version_id = 1,
+    .pre_save = passthru_pre_save,
+    .fields = (VMStateField []) {
+        VMSTATE_BUFFER(vscard_in_data, PassthruState),
+        VMSTATE_UINT32(vscard_in_pos, PassthruState),
+        VMSTATE_UINT32(vscard_in_hdr, PassthruState),
+        VMSTATE_BUFFER(atr, PassthruState),
+        VMSTATE_UINT8(atr_length, PassthruState),
+        VMSTATE_END_OF_LIST()
+    }
+};
+
+static CCIDCardInfo passthru_card_info = {
+    .qdev.name = PASSTHRU_DEV_NAME,
+    .qdev.size = sizeof(PassthruState),
+    .qdev.vmsd = &passthru_vmstate,
+    .initfn = passthru_initfn,
+    .exitfn = passthru_exitfn,
+    .get_atr = passthru_get_atr,
+    .apdu_from_guest = passthru_apdu_from_guest,
+    .qdev.props     = (Property[]) {
+        DEFINE_PROP_CHR("chardev", PassthruState, cs),
+        DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("debug", PassthruState, debug, 0),
+        DEFINE_PROP_END_OF_LIST(),
+    },
+};
+
+static void ccid_card_passthru_register_devices(void)
+{
+    ccid_card_qdev_register(&passthru_card_info);
+    // TODO: passthru local card (or: just a case of passthru with no chardev
+    //  given and instead some other arguments that would be required for local
+    //  card anyway and can be shared with the emulated local card)
+    // TODO: emulated local card
+}
+
+device_init(ccid_card_passthru_register_devices)
diff --git a/libcacard/vscard_common.h b/libcacard/vscard_common.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9ff1295
--- /dev/null
+++ b/libcacard/vscard_common.h
@@ -0,0 +1,130 @@ 
+/* Virtual Smart Card protocol definition
+ *
+ * This protocol is between a host implementing a group of virtual smart card
+ * reader, and a client implementing a virtual smart card, or passthrough to
+ * a real card.
+ *
+ * The current implementation passes the raw APDU's from 7816 and additionally
+ * contains messages to setup and teardown readers, handle insertion and
+ * removal of cards, negotiate the protocol and provide for error responses.
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010 Red Hat.
+ *
+ * This code is licensed under the LGPL.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _VSCARD_COMMON_H
+#define _VSCARD_COMMON_H
+
+#include <stdint.h>
+
+#define VERSION_MAJOR_BITS 11
+#define VERSION_MIDDLE_BITS 11
+#define VERSION_MINOR_BITS 10
+
+#define MAKE_VERSION(major, middle, minor) \
+     (  (major  << (VERSION_MINOR_BITS + VERSION_MIDDLE_BITS)) \
+      | (middle <<  VERSION_MINOR_BITS) \
+      | (minor)  )
+
+/** IMPORTANT NOTE on VERSION
+ *
+ * The version below MUST be changed whenever a change in this file is made.
+ *
+ * The last digit, the minor, is for bug fix changes only.
+ *
+ * The middle digit is for backward / forward compatible changes, updates
+ * to the existing messages, addition of fields.
+ *
+ * The major digit is for a breaking change of protocol, presumably
+ * something that cannot be accomodated with the existing protocol.
+ */
+
+#define VSCARD_VERSION MAKE_VERSION(0,0,1)
+
+typedef enum {
+    VSC_Init,
+    VSC_Error,
+    VSC_ReaderAdd,
+    VSC_ReaderAddResponse,
+    VSC_ReaderRemove,
+    VSC_ATR,
+    VSC_CardRemove,
+    VSC_APDU,
+    VSC_Reconnect
+} VSCMsgType;
+
+typedef enum {
+    VSC_GENERAL_ERROR=1,
+    VSC_CANNOT_ADD_MORE_READERS,
+} VSCErrorCode;
+
+typedef uint32_t reader_id_t;
+#define VSCARD_UNDEFINED_READER_ID 0xffffffff
+#define VSCARD_MINIMAL_READER_ID    0
+
+typedef struct VSCMsgHeader {
+    VSCMsgType type;
+    reader_id_t   reader_id;
+    uint32_t   length;
+    uint8_t    data[0];
+} VSCMsgHeader;
+
+/* VSCMsgInit               Client <-> Host
+ * Host replies with allocated reader id in ReaderAddResponse
+ * */
+typedef struct VSCMsgInit {
+    uint32_t   version;
+} VSCMsgInit;
+
+/* VSCMsgError              Client <-> Host
+ * */
+typedef struct VSCMsgError {
+    uint32_t   code;
+} VSCMsgError;
+
+/* VSCMsgReaderAdd          Client -> Host
+ * Host replies with allocated reader id in ReaderAddResponse
+ * name - name of the reader on client side.
+ * */
+typedef struct VSCMsgReaderAdd {
+    uint8_t    name[0];
+} VSCMsgReaderAdd;
+
+/* VSCMsgReaderAddResponse  Host -> Client
+ * Reply to ReaderAdd
+ * */
+typedef struct VSCMsgReaderAddResponse {
+} VSCMsgReaderAddResponse;
+
+/* VSCMsgReaderRemove       Client -> Host
+ * */
+typedef struct VSCMsgReaderRemove {
+} VSCMsgReaderRemove;
+
+/* VSCMsgATR                Client -> Host
+ * Answer to reset. Sent for card insertion or card reset.
+ * */
+typedef struct VSCMsgATR {
+    uint8_t     atr[0];
+} VSCMsgATR;
+
+/* VSCMsgCardRemove         Client -> Host
+ * */
+typedef struct VSCMsgCardRemove {
+} VSCMsgCardRemove;
+
+/* VSCMsgAPDU               Client <-> Host
+ * */
+typedef struct VSCMsgAPDU {
+    uint8_t    data[0];
+} VSCMsgAPDU;
+
+/* VSCMsgReconnect          Host -> Client
+ * */
+typedef struct VSCMsgReconnect {
+    uint32_t   ip;
+    uint16_t   port;
+} VSCMsgReconnect;
+
+#endif