[V5,5/6] dt/bindings: Update binding for hierarchical PSCI states

Submitted by Lina Iyer on March 3, 2017, 9:48 p.m.

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Message ID 1488577697-127445-6-git-send-email-lina.iyer@linaro.org
State Under Review
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Commit Message

Lina Iyer March 3, 2017, 9:48 p.m.
Update device bindings to represent hierarchical CPU and CPU domain idle
states. Also update the examples to clearly show how flattened and
hierarchical states can be represented in DT.

Cc: <devicetree@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Lina Iyer <lina.iyer@linaro.org>
---
 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.txt | 156 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 156 insertions(+)

Patch hide | download patch | download mbox

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.txt
index a2c4f1d..e0e9281 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/psci.txt
@@ -105,7 +105,163 @@  Case 3: PSCI v0.2 and PSCI v0.1.
 		...
 	};
 
+PSCI v1.0 onwards, supports OS-Initiated mode for powering off CPU domains
+from the firmware. Such PM domains for which the PSCI firmware driver acts as
+pseudo-controller, may also be specified in the DT under the psci node. The
+domain definitions must follow the domain idle state specifications per [3].
+The domain states themselves must be compatible with 'domain-idle-state'
+defined in [1] and need to specify the arm,psci-suspend-param property for
+each idle state.
+
+DT allows representing CPU and CPU cluster idle states in two different ways -
+
+The flattened model as given in Example 1, lists CPU's idle states followed by
+the domain idle state that the CPUs may choose. This is the general practice
+followed in PSCI firmwares that support Platform Coordinated mode. Note that
+the idle states are all compatible with "arm,idle-state".
+
+Example 2 represents the hierarchical model of CPU and domain idle states.
+CPUs define their domain provider in their DT node. The domain controls the
+power to the CPU and possibly other h/w blocks that would be powered off when
+the CPU is powered off. The CPU's idle states may therefore be considered as
+the domain's idle states and have the compatible "arm,idle-state". Such
+domains may be embedded within another domain that represents common h/w
+blocks between these CPUs viz., the cluster. The idle states of the cluster
+would be represented as the domain's idle states. In order to use OS-Initiated
+mode of PSCI in the firmware, the hierarchial representation must be used.
+
+More information on defining CPU PM domains is available in [4].
+
+Example 1: Flattened representation of CPU and domain idle states
+	cpus {
+		#address-cells = <1>;
+		#size-cells = <0>;
+
+		CPU0: cpu@0 {
+			device_type = "cpu";
+			compatible = "arm,cortex-a53", "arm,armv8";
+			reg = <0x0>;
+			enable-method = "psci";
+			cpu-idle-states = <&CPU_PWRDN>, <&CLUSTER_RET>,
+					  <&CLUSTER_PWR_DWN>;
+		};
+
+		CPU1: cpu@1 {
+			device_type = "cpu";
+			compatible = "arm,cortex-a57", "arm,armv8";
+			reg = <0x100>;
+			enable-method = "psci";
+			cpu-idle-states = <&CPU_PWRDN>, <&CLUSTER_RET>,
+					  <&CLUSTER_PWR_DWN>;
+		};
+
+		idle-states {
+			CPU_PWRDN: cpu_power_down{
+				compatible = "arm,idle-state";
+				arm,psci-suspend-param = <0x000001>;
+				entry-latency-us = <10>;
+				exit-latency-us = <10>;
+				min-residency-us = <100>;
+			};
+
+			CLUSTER_RET: domain_ret {
+				compatible = "arm,idle-state";
+				arm,psci-suspend-param = <0x1000010>;
+				entry-latency-us = <500>;
+				exit-latency-us = <500>;
+				min-residency-us = <2000>;
+			};
+
+			CLUSTER_PWR_DWN: domain_off {
+				compatible = "arm,idle-state";
+				arm,psci-suspend-param = <0x1000030>;
+				entry-latency-us = <2000>;
+				exit-latency-us = <2000>;
+				min-residency-us = <6000>;
+			};
+	};
+
+	psci {
+		compatible = "arm,psci-0.2";
+		method = "smc";
+	};
+
+Example 2: Hierarchical representation of CPU and domain idle states
+
+	cpus {
+		#address-cells = <1>;
+		#size-cells = <0>;
+
+		CPU0: cpu@0 {
+			device_type = "cpu";
+			compatible = "arm,cortex-a53", "arm,armv8";
+			reg = <0x0>;
+			enable-method = "psci";
+			power-domains = <&CPU_PD0>;
+		};
+
+		CPU1: cpu@1 {
+			device_type = "cpu";
+			compatible = "arm,cortex-a57", "arm,armv8";
+			reg = <0x100>;
+			enable-method = "psci";
+			power-domains = <&CPU_PD1>;
+		};
+
+		idle-states {
+			CPU_PWRDN: cpu_power_down{
+				compatible = "arm,idle-state";
+				arm,psci-suspend-param = <0x000001>;
+				entry-latency-us = <10>;
+				exit-latency-us = <10>;
+				min-residency-us = <100>;
+			};
+
+			CLUSTER_RET: domain_ret {
+				compatible = "domain-idle-state";
+				arm,psci-suspend-param = <0x1000010>;
+				entry-latency-us = <500>;
+				exit-latency-us = <500>;
+				min-residency-us = <2000>;
+			};
+
+			CLUSTER_PWR_DWN: domain_off {
+				compatible = "domain-idle-state";
+				arm,psci-suspend-param = <0x1000030>;
+				entry-latency-us = <2000>;
+				exit-latency-us = <2000>;
+				min-residency-us = <6000>;
+			};
+		};
+	};
+
+	psci {
+		compatible = "arm,psci-1.0";
+		method = "smc";
+
+		CPU_PD0: cpu-pd@0 {
+			#power-domain-cells = <0>;
+			domain-idle-states = <&CPU_PWRDN>;
+			power-domains = <&CLUSTER_PD>;
+		};
+
+		CPU_PD1: cpu-pd@1 {
+			#power-domain-cells = <0>;
+			domain-idle-states =  <&CPU_PWRDN>;
+			power-domains = <&CLUSTER_PD>;
+		};
+
+		CLUSTER_PD: cluster-pd@0 {
+			#power-domain-cells = <0>;
+			domain-idle-states = <&CLUSTER_RET>, <&CLUSTER_PWR_DWN>;
+		};
+	};
+
 [1] Kernel documentation - ARM idle states bindings
     Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/idle-states.txt
 [2] Power State Coordination Interface (PSCI) specification
     http://infocenter.arm.com/help/topic/com.arm.doc.den0022c/DEN0022C_Power_State_Coordination_Interface.pdf
+[3]. PM Domains description
+    Documentation/devicetree/bindings/power/power_domain.txt
+[4]. CPU PM Domains description
+    Documentation/power/cpu_domains.txt