[07/24] qcow2: add bitmaps extension
diff mbox

Message ID 1482332102-131788-8-git-send-email-vsementsov@virtuozzo.com
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Vladimir Sementsov-Ogievskiy Dec. 21, 2016, 2:54 p.m. UTC
Add bitmap extension as specified in docs/specs/qcow2.txt.
For now, just mirror extension header into Qcow2 state and check
constraints.

For now, disable image resize if it has bitmaps. It will be fixed later.

Signed-off-by: Vladimir Sementsov-Ogievskiy <vsementsov@virtuozzo.com>
---
 block/qcow2.c | 119 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 block/qcow2.h |  24 ++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 141 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox

diff --git a/block/qcow2.c b/block/qcow2.c
index 96fb8a8..a883598 100644
--- a/block/qcow2.c
+++ b/block/qcow2.c
@@ -63,6 +63,7 @@  typedef struct {
 #define  QCOW2_EXT_MAGIC_END 0
 #define  QCOW2_EXT_MAGIC_BACKING_FORMAT 0xE2792ACA
 #define  QCOW2_EXT_MAGIC_FEATURE_TABLE 0x6803f857
+#define  QCOW2_EXT_MAGIC_BITMAPS 0x23852875
 
 static int qcow2_probe(const uint8_t *buf, int buf_size, const char *filename)
 {
@@ -92,6 +93,8 @@  static int qcow2_read_extensions(BlockDriverState *bs, uint64_t start_offset,
     QCowExtension ext;
     uint64_t offset;
     int ret;
+    Qcow2BitmapHeaderExt bitmaps_ext;
+    bool need_update;
 
 #ifdef DEBUG_EXT
     printf("qcow2_read_extensions: start=%ld end=%ld\n", start_offset, end_offset);
@@ -162,6 +165,83 @@  static int qcow2_read_extensions(BlockDriverState *bs, uint64_t start_offset,
             }
             break;
 
+        case QCOW2_EXT_MAGIC_BITMAPS:
+            if (ext.len != sizeof(bitmaps_ext)) {
+                error_setg_errno(errp, -ret, "bitmaps_ext: "
+                                 "Invalid extension length");
+                return -EINVAL;
+            }
+
+            if (!(s->autoclear_features & QCOW2_AUTOCLEAR_BITMAPS)) {
+                fprintf(stderr,
+                        "WARNING: a program lacking bitmap support modified "
+                        "this file, so all bitmaps are now considered "
+                        "inconsistent. Some clusters may be leaked, run "
+                        "'qemu-img check -r' on the image file to fix.");
+                need_update = true;
+                break;
+            }
+
+            ret = bdrv_pread(bs->file, offset, &bitmaps_ext, ext.len);
+            if (ret < 0) {
+                error_setg_errno(errp, -ret, "bitmaps_ext: "
+                                 "Could not read ext header");
+                return ret;
+            }
+
+            if (bitmaps_ext.reserved32 != 0) {
+                error_setg_errno(errp, -ret, "bitmaps_ext: "
+                                 "Reserved field is not zero");
+                return -EINVAL;
+            }
+
+            be32_to_cpus(&bitmaps_ext.nb_bitmaps);
+            be64_to_cpus(&bitmaps_ext.bitmap_directory_size);
+            be64_to_cpus(&bitmaps_ext.bitmap_directory_offset);
+
+            if (bitmaps_ext.nb_bitmaps > QCOW2_MAX_BITMAPS) {
+                error_setg(errp,
+                           "bitmaps_ext: File %s has %" PRIu32 " bitmaps, "
+                           "exceeding the QEMU supported maximum of %d",
+                           bs->filename, bitmaps_ext.nb_bitmaps,
+                           QCOW2_MAX_BITMAPS);
+                return -EINVAL;
+            }
+
+            if (bitmaps_ext.nb_bitmaps == 0) {
+                error_setg(errp, "found bitmaps extension with zero bitmaps");
+                return -EINVAL;
+            }
+
+            if (bitmaps_ext.bitmap_directory_offset & (s->cluster_size - 1)) {
+                error_setg(errp, "bitmaps_ext: "
+                                 "invalid bitmap directory offset");
+                return -EINVAL;
+            }
+
+            if (bitmaps_ext.bitmap_directory_size >
+                QCOW2_MAX_BITMAP_DIRECTORY_SIZE) {
+                error_setg(errp, "bitmaps_ext: "
+                                 "bitmap directory size (%" PRIu64 ") exceeds "
+                                 "the maximum supported size (%d)",
+                                 bitmaps_ext.bitmap_directory_size,
+                                 QCOW2_MAX_BITMAP_DIRECTORY_SIZE);
+                return -EINVAL;
+            }
+
+            s->nb_bitmaps = bitmaps_ext.nb_bitmaps;
+            s->bitmap_directory_offset =
+                    bitmaps_ext.bitmap_directory_offset;
+            s->bitmap_directory_size =
+                    bitmaps_ext.bitmap_directory_size;
+
+#ifdef DEBUG_EXT
+            printf("Qcow2: Got bitmaps extension: "
+                   "offset=%" PRIu64 " nb_bitmaps=%" PRIu32 "\n",
+                   s->bitmap_directory_offset, s->nb_bitmaps);
+#endif
+            break;
+
         default:
             /* unknown magic - save it in case we need to rewrite the header */
             {
@@ -185,6 +265,15 @@  static int qcow2_read_extensions(BlockDriverState *bs, uint64_t start_offset,
         offset += ((ext.len + 7) & ~7);
     }
 
+    if (need_update && !bdrv_is_root_node(bs) &&
+        !(bdrv_get_flags(bs) & BDRV_O_INACTIVE))
+    {
+        ret = qcow2_update_header(bs);
+        if (ret < 0) {
+            return ret;
+        }
+    }
+
     return 0;
 }
 
@@ -1152,8 +1241,9 @@  static int qcow2_open(BlockDriverState *bs, QDict *options, int flags,
     }
 
     /* Clear unknown autoclear feature bits */
-    if (!bs->read_only && !(flags & BDRV_O_INACTIVE) && s->autoclear_features) {
-        s->autoclear_features = 0;
+    if (!bs->read_only && !(flags & BDRV_O_INACTIVE) &&
+        (s->autoclear_features & ~QCOW2_AUTOCLEAR_MASK)) {
+        s->autoclear_features &= QCOW2_AUTOCLEAR_MASK;
         ret = qcow2_update_header(bs);
         if (ret < 0) {
             error_setg_errno(errp, -ret, "Could not update qcow2 header");
@@ -1953,6 +2043,24 @@  int qcow2_update_header(BlockDriverState *bs)
         buflen -= ret;
     }
 
+    if (s->nb_bitmaps > 0) {
+        Qcow2BitmapHeaderExt bitmaps_header = {
+            .nb_bitmaps = cpu_to_be32(s->nb_bitmaps),
+            .bitmap_directory_size =
+                    cpu_to_be64(s->bitmap_directory_size),
+            .bitmap_directory_offset =
+                    cpu_to_be64(s->bitmap_directory_offset)
+        };
+        ret = header_ext_add(buf, QCOW2_EXT_MAGIC_BITMAPS,
+                             &bitmaps_header, sizeof(bitmaps_header),
+                             buflen);
+        if (ret < 0) {
+            goto fail;
+        }
+        buf += ret;
+        buflen -= ret;
+    }
+
     /* Keep unknown header extensions */
     QLIST_FOREACH(uext, &s->unknown_header_ext, next) {
         ret = header_ext_add(buf, uext->magic, uext->data, uext->len, buflen);
@@ -2528,6 +2636,13 @@  static int qcow2_truncate(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset)
         return -ENOTSUP;
     }
 
+    /* cannot proceed if image has bitmaps */
+    if (s->nb_bitmaps) {
+        /* TODO: resize bitmaps in the image */
+        error_report("Can't resize an image which has bitmaps");
+        return -ENOTSUP;
+    }
+
     /* shrinking is currently not supported */
     if (offset < bs->total_sectors * 512) {
         error_report("qcow2 doesn't support shrinking images yet");
diff --git a/block/qcow2.h b/block/qcow2.h
index 1823414..861b501 100644
--- a/block/qcow2.h
+++ b/block/qcow2.h
@@ -52,6 +52,10 @@ 
  * space for snapshot names and IDs */
 #define QCOW_MAX_SNAPSHOTS_SIZE (1024 * QCOW_MAX_SNAPSHOTS)
 
+/* Bitmap header extension constraints */
+#define QCOW2_MAX_BITMAPS 65535
+#define QCOW2_MAX_BITMAP_DIRECTORY_SIZE (1024 * QCOW2_MAX_BITMAPS)
+
 /* indicate that the refcount of the referenced cluster is exactly one. */
 #define QCOW_OFLAG_COPIED     (1ULL << 63)
 /* indicate that the cluster is compressed (they never have the copied flag) */
@@ -195,6 +199,15 @@  enum {
     QCOW2_COMPAT_FEAT_MASK            = QCOW2_COMPAT_LAZY_REFCOUNTS,
 };
 
+/* Autoclear feature bits */
+enum {
+    QCOW2_AUTOCLEAR_BITMAPS_BITNR = 0,
+    QCOW2_AUTOCLEAR_BITMAPS       =
+        1 << QCOW2_AUTOCLEAR_BITMAPS_BITNR,
+
+    QCOW2_AUTOCLEAR_MASK                = QCOW2_AUTOCLEAR_BITMAPS,
+};
+
 enum qcow2_discard_type {
     QCOW2_DISCARD_NEVER = 0,
     QCOW2_DISCARD_ALWAYS,
@@ -222,6 +235,13 @@  typedef uint64_t Qcow2GetRefcountFunc(const void *refcount_array,
 typedef void Qcow2SetRefcountFunc(void *refcount_array,
                                   uint64_t index, uint64_t value);
 
+typedef struct Qcow2BitmapHeaderExt {
+    uint32_t nb_bitmaps;
+    uint32_t reserved32;
+    uint64_t bitmap_directory_size;
+    uint64_t bitmap_directory_offset;
+} QEMU_PACKED Qcow2BitmapHeaderExt;
+
 typedef struct BDRVQcow2State {
     int cluster_bits;
     int cluster_size;
@@ -263,6 +283,10 @@  typedef struct BDRVQcow2State {
     unsigned int nb_snapshots;
     QCowSnapshot *snapshots;
 
+    uint32_t nb_bitmaps;
+    uint64_t bitmap_directory_size;
+    uint64_t bitmap_directory_offset;
+
     int flags;
     int qcow_version;
     bool use_lazy_refcounts;