[4/6] 4BA: Support for 4-bytes addressing via Extended Address Register

Message ID 1465662544-5730-5-git-send-email-clg@kaod.org
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Cédric Le Goater June 11, 2016, 4:29 p.m.
From: Boris Baykov <dev@borisbaykov.com>

On some flash chips data with addresses more than 24-bit field
can address may be accessed by using Extended Address Register.
The register has 1-byte size and stores high byte of 32-bit address.
Then flash can be read from 3-bytes addressing mode with writing
high byte of address to this Register. By using this way we have
access to full memory of a chip. Some chips may support this method
only.

This patch provides code use Extended Address Register.

Patched files
-------------
chipdrivers.h
+ added functions declarations for spi4ba.c

flash.h
+ feature definitions added

flashrom.c
+ modified switch to 4-bytes addressing to support extended address register

spi4ba.h
+ definitions for 4-bytes addressing JEDEC commands
+ functions declarations from spi4ba.c (same as in chipdrivers.h, just to see)

spi4ba.c
+ functions for write Extended Address Register
+ functions for read/write/erase with Extended Address Register

Signed-off-by: Boris Baykov <dev@borisbaykov.com>, Russia, Jan 2014
[clg: ported from
      https://www.flashrom.org/pipermail/flashrom/2015-January/013200.html ]
Signed-off-by: Cédric Le Goater <clg@kaod.org>
---
 chipdrivers.h |   6 ++
 flash.h       |   1 +
 flashrom.c    |   4 +
 spi4ba.c      | 328 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 spi4ba.h      |  20 ++++
 5 files changed, 359 insertions(+)

Patch

diff --git a/chipdrivers.h b/chipdrivers.h
index dccd1ff92ec1..a3da86570c42 100644
--- a/chipdrivers.h
+++ b/chipdrivers.h
@@ -204,5 +204,11 @@  int spi_nbyte_read_4ba(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, uint8_t *bytes
 int spi_block_erase_20_4ba(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, unsigned int blocklen);
 int spi_block_erase_52_4ba(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, unsigned int blocklen);
 int spi_block_erase_d8_4ba(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, unsigned int blocklen);
+int spi_byte_program_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, uint8_t databyte);
+int spi_nbyte_program_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, const uint8_t *bytes, unsigned int len);
+int spi_nbyte_read_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, uint8_t *bytes, unsigned int len);
+int spi_block_erase_20_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, unsigned int blocklen);
+int spi_block_erase_52_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, unsigned int blocklen);
+int spi_block_erase_d8_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, unsigned int blocklen);
 
 #endif /* !__CHIPDRIVERS_H__ */
diff --git a/flash.h b/flash.h
index 38b30f8d8a51..cc374b798f07 100644
--- a/flash.h
+++ b/flash.h
@@ -126,6 +126,7 @@  enum write_granularity {
 /* Feature bits used for 4-bytes addressing mode */
 #define FEATURE_4BA_SUPPORT		(1 << 10)
 #define FEATURE_4BA_ONLY 		(1 << 11)
+#define FEATURE_4BA_EXTENDED_ADDR_REG	(1 << 12)
 
 enum test_state {
 	OK = 0,
diff --git a/flashrom.c b/flashrom.c
index c84843fa7c4a..79ddf76ad3d6 100644
--- a/flashrom.c
+++ b/flashrom.c
@@ -2007,6 +2007,10 @@  int doit(struct flashctx *flash, int force, const char *filename, int read_it,
 		if (flash->chip->feature_bits & FEATURE_4BA_ONLY) {
 			msg_cdbg("Flash chip is already in 4-bytes addressing mode.\n");
 		}
+		/* Do not switch to 4-Bytes Addressing mode if using Extended Address Register */
+		else if(flash->chip->feature_bits & FEATURE_4BA_EXTENDED_ADDR_REG) {
+			msg_cdbg("Using 4-bytes addressing with extended address register.\n");
+		}
 		/* Go to 4-Bytes Addressing mode */
 		else {
 			if (!flash->chip->four_bytes_addr_funcs.enter_4ba) {
diff --git a/spi4ba.c b/spi4ba.c
index 72df874275c9..db31cd2064ca 100644
--- a/spi4ba.c
+++ b/spi4ba.c
@@ -325,3 +325,331 @@  int spi_block_erase_d8_4ba(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr,
 	/* FIXME: Check the status register for errors. */
 	return 0;
 }
+
+/* Write Extended Address Register value */
+int spi_write_extended_address_register(struct flashctx *flash, uint8_t regdata)
+{
+	int result;
+	struct spi_command cmds[] = {
+	{
+		.writecnt	= JEDEC_WREN_OUTSIZE,
+		.writearr	= (const unsigned char[]){ JEDEC_WREN },
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}, {
+		.writecnt	= JEDEC_WRITE_EXT_ADDR_REG_OUTSIZE,
+		.writearr	= (const unsigned char[]){
+					JEDEC_WRITE_EXT_ADDR_REG,
+					regdata
+				},
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}, {
+		.writecnt	= 0,
+		.writearr	= NULL,
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}};
+
+	msg_trace("-> %s (%02X)\n", __func__, regdata);
+
+	result = spi_send_multicommand(flash, cmds);
+	if (result) {
+		msg_cerr("%s failed during command execution\n", __func__);
+		return result;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* Assign required value of Extended Address Register. This function
+   keeps last value of the register and writes the register if the
+   value has to be changed only. */
+int set_extended_address_register(struct flashctx *flash, uint8_t data)
+{
+	static uint8_t ext_addr_reg_state; /* memory for last register state */
+	static int ext_addr_reg_state_valid = 0;
+	int result;
+
+	if (ext_addr_reg_state_valid == 0 || data != ext_addr_reg_state) {
+		result = spi_write_extended_address_register(flash, data);
+		if (result) {
+			ext_addr_reg_state_valid = 0;
+			return result;
+		}
+		ext_addr_reg_state = data;
+		ext_addr_reg_state_valid = 1;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* Program one flash byte using Extended Address Register
+   from 3-bytes addressing mode */
+int spi_byte_program_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr,
+				 uint8_t databyte)
+{
+	int result;
+	struct spi_command cmds[] = {
+	{
+		.writecnt	= JEDEC_WREN_OUTSIZE,
+		.writearr	= (const unsigned char[]){ JEDEC_WREN },
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}, {
+		.writecnt	= JEDEC_BYTE_PROGRAM_OUTSIZE,
+		.writearr	= (const unsigned char[]){
+					JEDEC_BYTE_PROGRAM,
+					(addr >> 16) & 0xff,
+					(addr >> 8) & 0xff,
+					(addr & 0xff),
+					databyte
+				},
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}, {
+		.writecnt	= 0,
+		.writearr	= NULL,
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}};
+
+	msg_trace("-> %s (0x%08X)\n", __func__, addr);
+
+	result = set_extended_address_register(flash, (addr >> 24) & 0xff);
+	if (result)
+		return result;
+
+	result = spi_send_multicommand(flash, cmds);
+	if (result) {
+		msg_cerr("%s failed during command execution at address 0x%x\n",
+			__func__, addr);
+	}
+	return result;
+}
+
+/* Program flash bytes using Extended Address Register
+   from 3-bytes addressing mode */
+int spi_nbyte_program_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr,
+				  const uint8_t *bytes, unsigned int len)
+{
+	int result;
+	unsigned char cmd[JEDEC_BYTE_PROGRAM_OUTSIZE - 1 + 256] = {
+		JEDEC_BYTE_PROGRAM,
+		(addr >> 16) & 0xff,
+		(addr >> 8) & 0xff,
+		(addr >> 0) & 0xff
+	};
+	struct spi_command cmds[] = {
+	{
+		.writecnt	= JEDEC_WREN_OUTSIZE,
+		.writearr	= (const unsigned char[]){ JEDEC_WREN },
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}, {
+		.writecnt	= JEDEC_BYTE_PROGRAM_OUTSIZE - 1 + len,
+		.writearr	= cmd,
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}, {
+		.writecnt	= 0,
+		.writearr	= NULL,
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}};
+
+	msg_trace("-> %s (0x%08X-0x%08X)\n", __func__, addr, addr + len - 1);
+
+	if (!len) {
+		msg_cerr("%s called for zero-length write\n", __func__);
+		return 1;
+	}
+	if (len > 256) {
+		msg_cerr("%s called for too long a write\n", __func__);
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	memcpy(&cmd[JEDEC_BYTE_PROGRAM_OUTSIZE - 1], bytes, len);
+
+	result = set_extended_address_register(flash, (addr >> 24) & 0xff);
+	if (result)
+		return result;
+
+	result = spi_send_multicommand(flash, cmds);
+	if (result) {
+		msg_cerr("%s failed during command execution at address 0x%x\n",
+			__func__, addr);
+	}
+	return result;
+}
+
+/* Read flash bytes using Extended Address Register
+   from 3-bytes addressing mode */
+int spi_nbyte_read_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr,
+		   uint8_t *bytes, unsigned int len)
+{
+	int result;
+	const unsigned char cmd[JEDEC_READ_OUTSIZE] = {
+		JEDEC_READ,
+		(addr >> 16) & 0xff,
+		(addr >> 8) & 0xff,
+		(addr >> 0) & 0xff
+	};
+
+	msg_trace("-> %s (0x%08X-0x%08X)\n", __func__, addr, addr + len - 1);
+
+	result = set_extended_address_register(flash, (addr >> 24) & 0xff);
+	if (result)
+		return result;
+
+	/* Send Read */
+	return spi_send_command(flash, sizeof(cmd), len, cmd, bytes);
+}
+
+/* Erases 4 KB of flash using Extended Address Register
+   from 3-bytes addressing mode */
+int spi_block_erase_20_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr,
+		       unsigned int blocklen)
+{
+	int result;
+	struct spi_command cmds[] = {
+	{
+		.writecnt	= JEDEC_WREN_OUTSIZE,
+		.writearr	= (const unsigned char[]){ JEDEC_WREN },
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}, {
+		.writecnt	= JEDEC_SE_OUTSIZE,
+		.writearr	= (const unsigned char[]){
+					JEDEC_SE,
+					(addr >> 16) & 0xff,
+					(addr >> 8) & 0xff,
+					(addr & 0xff)
+				},
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}, {
+		.writecnt	= 0,
+		.writearr	= NULL,
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}};
+
+	msg_trace("-> %s (0x%08X-0x%08X)\n", __func__, addr, addr + blocklen - 1);
+
+	result = set_extended_address_register(flash, (addr >> 24) & 0xff);
+	if (result)
+		return result;
+
+	result = spi_send_multicommand(flash, cmds);
+	if (result) {
+		msg_cerr("%s failed during command execution at address 0x%x\n",
+			__func__, addr);
+		return result;
+	}
+	/* Wait until the Write-In-Progress bit is cleared.
+	 * This usually takes 15-800 ms, so wait in 10 ms steps.
+	 */
+	while (spi_read_status_register(flash) & SPI_SR_WIP)
+		programmer_delay(10 * 1000);
+	/* FIXME: Check the status register for errors. */
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* Erases 32 KB of flash using Extended Address Register
+   from 3-bytes addressing mode */
+int spi_block_erase_52_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr,
+		       unsigned int blocklen)
+{
+	int result;
+	struct spi_command cmds[] = {
+	{
+		.writecnt	= JEDEC_WREN_OUTSIZE,
+		.writearr	= (const unsigned char[]){ JEDEC_WREN },
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}, {
+		.writecnt	= JEDEC_BE_52_OUTSIZE,
+		.writearr	= (const unsigned char[]){
+					JEDEC_BE_52,
+					(addr >> 16) & 0xff,
+					(addr >> 8) & 0xff,
+					(addr & 0xff)
+				},
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}, {
+		.writecnt	= 0,
+		.writearr	= NULL,
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}};
+
+	msg_trace("-> %s (0x%08X-0x%08X)\n", __func__, addr, addr + blocklen - 1);
+
+	result = set_extended_address_register(flash, (addr >> 24) & 0xff);
+	if (result)
+		return result;
+
+	result = spi_send_multicommand(flash, cmds);
+	if (result) {
+		msg_cerr("%s failed during command execution at address 0x%x\n",
+			__func__, addr);
+		return result;
+	}
+	/* Wait until the Write-In-Progress bit is cleared.
+	 * This usually takes 100-4000 ms, so wait in 100 ms steps.
+	 */
+	while (spi_read_status_register(flash) & SPI_SR_WIP)
+		programmer_delay(100 * 1000);
+	/* FIXME: Check the status register for errors. */
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* Erases 64 KB of flash using Extended Address Register
+   from 3-bytes addressing mode */
+int spi_block_erase_d8_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr,
+		       unsigned int blocklen)
+{
+	int result;
+	struct spi_command cmds[] = {
+	{
+		.writecnt	= JEDEC_WREN_OUTSIZE,
+		.writearr	= (const unsigned char[]){ JEDEC_WREN },
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}, {
+		.writecnt	= JEDEC_BE_D8_OUTSIZE,
+		.writearr	= (const unsigned char[]){
+					JEDEC_BE_D8,
+					(addr >> 16) & 0xff,
+					(addr >> 8) & 0xff,
+					(addr & 0xff)
+				},
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}, {
+		.writecnt	= 0,
+		.writearr	= NULL,
+		.readcnt	= 0,
+		.readarr	= NULL,
+	}};
+
+	msg_trace("-> %s (0x%08X-0x%08X)\n", __func__, addr, addr + blocklen - 1);
+
+	result = set_extended_address_register(flash, (addr >> 24) & 0xff);
+	if (result)
+		return result;
+
+	result = spi_send_multicommand(flash, cmds);
+	if (result) {
+		msg_cerr("%s failed during command execution at address 0x%x\n",
+			__func__, addr);
+		return result;
+	}
+	/* Wait until the Write-In-Progress bit is cleared.
+	 * This usually takes 100-4000 ms, so wait in 100 ms steps.
+	 */
+	while (spi_read_status_register(flash) & SPI_SR_WIP)
+		programmer_delay(100 * 1000);
+	/* FIXME: Check the status register for errors. */
+	return 0;
+}
diff --git a/spi4ba.h b/spi4ba.h
index 15feecb40802..f2e7bc54c669 100644
--- a/spi4ba.h
+++ b/spi4ba.h
@@ -36,6 +36,16 @@ 
 #define JEDEC_EXIT_4_BYTE_ADDR_MODE_OUTSIZE	0x01
 #define JEDEC_EXIT_4_BYTE_ADDR_MODE_INSIZE	0x00
 
+/* Write Extended Address Register */
+#define JEDEC_WRITE_EXT_ADDR_REG		0xC5
+#define JEDEC_WRITE_EXT_ADDR_REG_OUTSIZE	0x02
+#define JEDEC_WRITE_EXT_ADDR_REG_INSIZE		0x00
+
+/* Read Extended Address Register */
+#define JEDEC_READ_EXT_ADDR_REG			0xC8
+#define JEDEC_READ_EXT_ADDR_REG_OUTSIZE		0x01
+#define JEDEC_READ_EXT_ADDR_REG_INSIZE		0x01
+
 /* enter 4-bytes addressing mode */
 int spi_enter_4ba_b7(struct flashctx *flash);
 int spi_enter_4ba_b7_we(struct flashctx *flash);
@@ -50,5 +60,15 @@  int spi_block_erase_20_4ba(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, unsigned i
 int spi_block_erase_52_4ba(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, unsigned int blocklen);
 int spi_block_erase_d8_4ba(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, unsigned int blocklen);
 
+/* read/write flash bytes from 3-bytes addressing mode using extended address register */
+int spi_byte_program_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, uint8_t databyte);
+int spi_nbyte_program_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, const uint8_t *bytes, unsigned int len);
+int spi_nbyte_read_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, uint8_t *bytes, unsigned int len);
+
+/* erase flash bytes from 3-bytes addressing mode using extended address register */
+int spi_block_erase_20_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, unsigned int blocklen);
+int spi_block_erase_52_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, unsigned int blocklen);
+int spi_block_erase_d8_4ba_ereg(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int addr, unsigned int blocklen);
+
 
 #endif /* __SPI_4BA_H__ */