Patchwork [4/5] HACKING: add string management rules

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Submitter Blue Swirl
Date Aug. 15, 2010, 5:50 p.m.
Message ID <AANLkTi=WswoPcbokY1rH6ALfadKRo-d4e+yhA1WXChJL@mail.gmail.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/61772/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Blue Swirl - Aug. 15, 2010, 5:50 p.m.
Add string management rules, somewhat like libvirt HACKING.

Signed-off-by: Blue Swirl <blauwirbel@gmail.com>
---
 HACKING |   24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/HACKING b/HACKING
index e0342df..54bd2fd 100644
--- a/HACKING
+++ b/HACKING
@@ -79,3 +79,27 @@  qemu_vmalloc/qemu_memalign/qemu_vfree APIs.
 Memory allocated by qemu_vmalloc or qemu_memalign must be freed with
 qemu_vfree, since breaking this will cause problems on Win32 and user
 emulators.
+
+4. String manipulation
+
+Do not use the strncpy function.  According to the man page, it does
+*not* guarantee a NULL-terminated buffer, which makes it extremely dangerous
+to use.  Instead, use functionally equivalent function:
+void pstrcpy(char *buf, int buf_size, const char *str)
+
+Don't use strcat because it can't check for buffer overflows, but:
+char *pstrcat(char *buf, int buf_size, const char *s)
+
+The same limitation exists with sprintf and vsprintf, so use snprintf and
+vsnprintf.
+
+QEMU provides other useful string functions:
+int strstart(const char *str, const char *val, const char **ptr)
+int stristart(const char *str, const char *val, const char **ptr)
+int qemu_strnlen(const char *s, int max_len)
+
+There are also replacement character processing macros for isxyz and toxyz,
+so instead of e.g. isalnum you should use qemu_isalnum.
+
+Because of the memory management rules, you must use qemu_strdup/qemu_strndup
+instead of plain strdup/strndup.