Patchwork [v5,4/5] RESEND: Inter-VM shared memory PCI device

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Submitter Cam Macdonell
Date May 5, 2010, 4:57 p.m.
Message ID <1273078663-15177-1-git-send-email-cam@cs.ualberta.ca>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/51744/
State New
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Cam Macdonell - May 5, 2010, 4:57 p.m.
For completeness, just a one-line change to use the merged version of kvm_set_irqfd()

---
 Makefile.target |    3 +
 hw/ivshmem.c    |  727 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 qemu-char.c     |    6 +
 qemu-char.h     |    3 +
 qemu-doc.texi   |   25 ++
 5 files changed, 764 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 hw/ivshmem.c

Patch

diff --git a/Makefile.target b/Makefile.target
index cb5ab2a..8a4cef3 100644
--- a/Makefile.target
+++ b/Makefile.target
@@ -202,6 +202,9 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_USB_OHCI) += usb-ohci.o
 obj-y += rtl8139.o
 obj-y += e1000.o
 
+# Inter-VM PCI shared memory
+obj-y += ivshmem.o
+
 # Hardware support
 obj-i386-y = pckbd.o dma.o
 obj-i386-y += vga.o
diff --git a/hw/ivshmem.c b/hw/ivshmem.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e73c543
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/ivshmem.c
@@ -0,0 +1,727 @@ 
+/*
+ * Inter-VM Shared Memory PCI device.
+ *
+ * Author:
+ *      Cam Macdonell <cam@cs.ualberta.ca>
+ *
+ * Based On: cirrus_vga.c and rtl8139.c
+ *
+ * This code is licensed under the GNU GPL v2.
+ */
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/socket.h>
+#include <sys/io.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <sys/eventfd.h>
+#include "hw.h"
+#include "console.h"
+#include "pc.h"
+#include "pci.h"
+#include "sysemu.h"
+
+#include "msix.h"
+#include "qemu-kvm.h"
+#include "libkvm.h"
+
+#include <sys/eventfd.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/socket.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+
+#define IVSHMEM_IRQFD   0
+#define IVSHMEM_MSI     1
+
+#define DEBUG_IVSHMEM
+#ifdef DEBUG_IVSHMEM
+#define IVSHMEM_DPRINTF(fmt, args...)        \
+    do {printf("IVSHMEM: " fmt, ##args); } while (0)
+#else
+#define IVSHMEM_DPRINTF(fmt, args...)
+#endif
+
+typedef struct EventfdEntry {
+    PCIDevice *pdev;
+    int vector;
+} EventfdEntry;
+
+typedef struct IVShmemState {
+    PCIDevice dev;
+    uint32_t intrmask;
+    uint32_t intrstatus;
+    uint32_t doorbell;
+
+    CharDriverState * chr;
+    CharDriverState ** eventfd_chr;
+    int ivshmem_mmio_io_addr;
+
+    pcibus_t mmio_addr;
+    unsigned long ivshmem_offset;
+    uint64_t ivshmem_size; /* size of shared memory region */
+    int shm_fd; /* shared memory file descriptor */
+
+    int nr_allocated_vms;
+    /* array of eventfds for each guest */
+    int ** eventfds;
+    /* keep track of # of eventfds for each guest*/
+    int * eventfds_posn_count;
+
+    int nr_alloc_guests;
+    int vm_id;
+    int num_eventfds;
+    uint32_t vectors;
+    uint32_t features;
+    EventfdEntry *eventfd_table;
+
+    char * shmobj;
+    char * sizearg;
+} IVShmemState;
+
+/* registers for the Inter-VM shared memory device */
+enum ivshmem_registers {
+    IntrMask = 0,
+    IntrStatus = 4,
+    IVPosition = 8,
+    Doorbell = 12,
+};
+
+static inline uint32_t ivshmem_has_feature(IVShmemState *ivs, int feature) {
+    return (ivs->features & (1 << feature));
+}
+
+static inline int is_power_of_two(int x) {
+    return (x & (x-1)) == 0;
+}
+
+static void ivshmem_map(PCIDevice *pci_dev, int region_num,
+                    pcibus_t addr, pcibus_t size, int type)
+{
+    IVShmemState *s = DO_UPCAST(IVShmemState, dev, pci_dev);
+
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("addr = %u size = %u\n", (uint32_t)addr, (uint32_t)size);
+    cpu_register_physical_memory(addr, s->ivshmem_size, s->ivshmem_offset);
+
+}
+
+/* accessing registers - based on rtl8139 */
+static void ivshmem_update_irq(IVShmemState *s, int val)
+{
+    int isr;
+    isr = (s->intrstatus & s->intrmask) & 0xffffffff;
+
+    /* don't print ISR resets */
+    if (isr) {
+        IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("Set IRQ to %d (%04x %04x)\n",
+           isr ? 1 : 0, s->intrstatus, s->intrmask);
+    }
+
+    qemu_set_irq(s->dev.irq[0], (isr != 0));
+}
+
+static void ivshmem_IntrMask_write(IVShmemState *s, uint32_t val)
+{
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("IntrMask write(w) val = 0x%04x\n", val);
+
+    s->intrmask = val;
+
+    ivshmem_update_irq(s, val);
+}
+
+static uint32_t ivshmem_IntrMask_read(IVShmemState *s)
+{
+    uint32_t ret = s->intrmask;
+
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("intrmask read(w) val = 0x%04x\n", ret);
+
+    return ret;
+}
+
+static void ivshmem_IntrStatus_write(IVShmemState *s, uint32_t val)
+{
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("IntrStatus write(w) val = 0x%04x\n", val);
+
+    s->intrstatus = val;
+
+    ivshmem_update_irq(s, val);
+    return;
+}
+
+static uint32_t ivshmem_IntrStatus_read(IVShmemState *s)
+{
+    uint32_t ret = s->intrstatus;
+
+    /* reading ISR clears all interrupts */
+    s->intrstatus = 0;
+
+    ivshmem_update_irq(s, 0);
+
+    return ret;
+}
+
+static void ivshmem_io_writew(void *opaque, uint8_t addr, uint32_t val)
+{
+
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("We shouldn't be writing words\n");
+}
+
+static void ivshmem_io_writel(void *opaque, uint8_t addr, uint32_t val)
+{
+    IVShmemState *s = opaque;
+
+    u_int64_t write_one = 1;
+    u_int16_t dest = val >> 16;
+    u_int16_t vector = val & 0xff;
+
+    addr &= 0xfe;
+
+    switch (addr)
+    {
+        case IntrMask:
+            ivshmem_IntrMask_write(s, val);
+            break;
+
+        case IntrStatus:
+            ivshmem_IntrStatus_write(s, val);
+            break;
+
+        case Doorbell:
+            /* check doorbell range */
+            if ((vector >= 0) && (vector < s->eventfds_posn_count[dest])) {
+                IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("Writing %ld to VM %d on vector %d\n", write_one, dest, vector);
+                if (write(s->eventfds[dest][vector], &(write_one), 8) != 8) {
+                    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("error writing to eventfd\n");
+                }
+            }
+            break;
+        default:
+            IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("Invalid VM Doorbell VM %d\n", dest);
+    }
+}
+
+static void ivshmem_io_writeb(void *opaque, uint8_t addr, uint32_t val)
+{
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("We shouldn't be writing bytes\n");
+}
+
+static uint32_t ivshmem_io_readw(void *opaque, uint8_t addr)
+{
+
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("We shouldn't be reading words\n");
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static uint32_t ivshmem_io_readl(void *opaque, uint8_t addr)
+{
+
+    IVShmemState *s = opaque;
+    uint32_t ret;
+
+    switch (addr)
+    {
+        case IntrMask:
+            ret = ivshmem_IntrMask_read(s);
+            break;
+
+        case IntrStatus:
+            ret = ivshmem_IntrStatus_read(s);
+            break;
+
+        case IVPosition:
+            /* return my id in the ivshmem list */
+            ret = s->vm_id;
+            break;
+
+        default:
+            IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("why are we reading 0x%x\n", addr);
+            ret = 0;
+    }
+
+    return ret;
+
+}
+
+static uint32_t ivshmem_io_readb(void *opaque, uint8_t addr)
+{
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("We shouldn't be reading bytes\n");
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static void ivshmem_mmio_writeb(void *opaque,
+                                target_phys_addr_t addr, uint32_t val)
+{
+    ivshmem_io_writeb(opaque, addr & 0xFF, val);
+}
+
+static void ivshmem_mmio_writew(void *opaque,
+                                target_phys_addr_t addr, uint32_t val)
+{
+    ivshmem_io_writew(opaque, addr & 0xFF, val);
+}
+
+static void ivshmem_mmio_writel(void *opaque,
+                                target_phys_addr_t addr, uint32_t val)
+{
+    ivshmem_io_writel(opaque, addr & 0xFF, val);
+}
+
+static uint32_t ivshmem_mmio_readb(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr)
+{
+    return ivshmem_io_readb(opaque, addr & 0xFF);
+}
+
+static uint32_t ivshmem_mmio_readw(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr)
+{
+    uint32_t val = ivshmem_io_readw(opaque, addr & 0xFF);
+    return val;
+}
+
+static uint32_t ivshmem_mmio_readl(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr)
+{
+    uint32_t val = ivshmem_io_readl(opaque, addr & 0xFF);
+    return val;
+}
+
+static CPUReadMemoryFunc *ivshmem_mmio_read[3] = {
+    ivshmem_mmio_readb,
+    ivshmem_mmio_readw,
+    ivshmem_mmio_readl,
+};
+
+static CPUWriteMemoryFunc *ivshmem_mmio_write[3] = {
+    ivshmem_mmio_writeb,
+    ivshmem_mmio_writew,
+    ivshmem_mmio_writel,
+};
+
+static void ivshmem_receive(void *opaque, const uint8_t *buf, int size)
+{
+    IVShmemState *s = opaque;
+
+    ivshmem_IntrStatus_write(s, *buf);
+
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("ivshmem_receive 0x%02x\n", *buf);
+}
+
+static int ivshmem_can_receive(void * opaque)
+{
+    return 8;
+}
+
+static void ivshmem_event(void *opaque, int event)
+{
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("ivshmem_event %d\n", event);
+}
+
+static void fake_irqfd(void *opaque, const uint8_t *buf, int size) {
+
+    EventfdEntry *entry = opaque;
+    PCIDevice *pdev = entry->pdev;
+
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("fake irqfd on vector %d\n", entry->vector);
+    msix_notify(pdev, entry->vector);
+}
+
+static CharDriverState* create_eventfd_chr_device(void * opaque, int eventfd,
+                                                                    int vector)
+{
+    /* create a event character device based on the passed eventfd */
+    IVShmemState *s = opaque;
+    CharDriverState * chr;
+
+    chr = qemu_chr_open_eventfd(eventfd);
+
+    if (chr == NULL) {
+        IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("creating eventfd for eventfd %d failed\n", eventfd);
+        exit(-1);
+    }
+
+    if (ivshmem_has_feature(s, IVSHMEM_MSI)) {
+        s->eventfd_table[vector].pdev = &s->dev;
+        s->eventfd_table[vector].vector = vector;
+
+        qemu_chr_add_handlers(chr, ivshmem_can_receive, fake_irqfd,
+                      ivshmem_event, &s->eventfd_table[vector]);
+    } else {
+        qemu_chr_add_handlers(chr, ivshmem_can_receive, ivshmem_receive,
+                      ivshmem_event, s);
+    }
+
+    return chr;
+
+}
+
+static int check_shm_size(IVShmemState *s, int shmemfd) {
+    /* check that the guest isn't going to try and map more memory than the
+     * card server allocated return -1 to indicate error */
+
+    struct stat buf;
+
+    fstat(shmemfd, &buf);
+
+    if (s->ivshmem_size > buf.st_size) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "IVSHMEM ERROR: Requested memory size greater");
+        fprintf(stderr, " than shared object size (%ld > %ld)\n",
+                                          s->ivshmem_size, buf.st_size);
+        return -1;
+    } else {
+        return 0;
+    }
+}
+
+static void create_shared_memory_BAR(IVShmemState *s, int fd) {
+
+    s->shm_fd = fd;
+
+    s->ivshmem_offset = qemu_ram_mmap(s->shm_fd, s->ivshmem_size,
+             MAP_SHARED, 0);
+
+    /* region for shared memory */
+    pci_register_bar(&s->dev, 2, s->ivshmem_size,
+                                    PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_SPACE_MEMORY, ivshmem_map);
+}
+
+static void close_guest_eventfds(IVShmemState *s, int posn)
+{
+    int i, guest_curr_max;
+
+    guest_curr_max = s->eventfds_posn_count[posn];
+
+    for (i = 0; i < guest_curr_max; i++)
+        close(s->eventfds[posn][i]);
+
+    free(s->eventfds[posn]);
+    s->eventfds_posn_count[posn] = 0;
+}
+
+/* this function increase the dynamic storage need to store data about other
+ * guests */
+static void increase_dynamic_storage(IVShmemState *s, int new_min_size) {
+
+    int j, old_nr_alloc;
+
+    old_nr_alloc = s->nr_alloc_guests;
+
+    while (s->nr_alloc_guests < new_min_size)
+        s->nr_alloc_guests = s->nr_alloc_guests * 2;
+
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("bumping storage to %d guests\n", s->nr_alloc_guests);
+    s->eventfds = qemu_realloc(s->eventfds, s->nr_alloc_guests *
+                                                        sizeof(int *));
+    s->eventfds_posn_count = qemu_realloc(s->eventfds_posn_count,
+                                                    s->nr_alloc_guests *
+                                                        sizeof(int));
+    s->eventfd_table = qemu_realloc(s->eventfd_table, s->nr_alloc_guests *
+                                                    sizeof(EventfdEntry));
+
+    if ((s->eventfds == NULL) || (s->eventfds_posn_count == NULL) ||
+            (s->eventfd_table == NULL)) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "Allocation error - exiting\n");
+        exit(1);
+    }
+
+    if (!ivshmem_has_feature(s, IVSHMEM_IRQFD)) {
+        s->eventfd_chr = (CharDriverState **)qemu_realloc(s->eventfd_chr,
+                                    s->nr_alloc_guests * sizeof(void *));
+        if (s->eventfd_chr == NULL) {
+            fprintf(stderr, "Allocation error - exiting\n");
+            exit(1);
+        }
+    }
+
+    /* zero out new pointers */
+    for (j = old_nr_alloc; j < s->nr_alloc_guests; j++) {
+        s->eventfds[j] = NULL;
+    }
+}
+
+static void ivshmem_read(void *opaque, const uint8_t * buf, int flags)
+{
+    IVShmemState *s = opaque;
+    int incoming_fd, tmp_fd;
+    int guest_curr_max;
+    long incoming_posn;
+
+    memcpy(&incoming_posn, buf, sizeof(long));
+    /* pick off s->chr->msgfd and store it, posn should accompany msg */
+    tmp_fd = qemu_chr_get_msgfd(s->chr);
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("posn is %ld, fd is %d\n", incoming_posn, tmp_fd);
+
+    /* make sure we have enough space for this guest */
+    if (incoming_posn >= s->nr_alloc_guests) {
+        increase_dynamic_storage(s, incoming_posn);
+    }
+
+    if (tmp_fd == -1) {
+        /* if posn is positive and unseen before then this is our posn*/
+        if ((incoming_posn >= 0) && (s->eventfds[incoming_posn] == NULL)) {
+            /* receive our posn */
+            s->vm_id = incoming_posn;
+            return;
+        } else {
+            /* otherwise an fd == -1 means an existing guest has gone away */
+            IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("posn %ld has gone away\n", incoming_posn);
+            close_guest_eventfds(s, incoming_posn);
+            return;
+        }
+    }
+
+    /* because of the implementation of get_msgfd, we need a dup */
+    incoming_fd = dup(tmp_fd);
+
+    /* if the position is -1, then it's shared memory region fd */
+    if (incoming_posn == -1) {
+
+        s->num_eventfds = 0;
+
+        if (check_shm_size(s, incoming_fd) == -1) {
+            exit(-1);
+        }
+
+        /* creating a BAR in qemu_chr callback may be crazy */
+        create_shared_memory_BAR(s, incoming_fd);
+
+       return;
+    }
+
+    /* each guest has an array of eventfds, and we keep track of how many
+     * guests for each VM */
+    guest_curr_max = s->eventfds_posn_count[incoming_posn];
+    if (guest_curr_max == 0) {
+        /* one eventfd per MSI vector */
+        s->eventfds[incoming_posn] = (int *) qemu_malloc(s->vectors *
+                                                                sizeof(int));
+    }
+
+    /* this is an eventfd for a particular guest VM */
+    IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("eventfds[%ld][%d] = %d\n", incoming_posn, guest_curr_max,
+                                                                incoming_fd);
+    s->eventfds[incoming_posn][guest_curr_max] = incoming_fd;
+
+    /* increment count for particular guest */
+    s->eventfds_posn_count[incoming_posn]++;
+
+    /* ioeventfd and irqfd are enabled together,
+     * so the flag IRQFD refers to both */
+    if (ivshmem_has_feature(s, IVSHMEM_IRQFD) && guest_curr_max >= 0) {
+        /* allocate ioeventfd for the new fd
+         * received for guest @ incoming_posn */
+        kvm_set_ioeventfd_mmio_long(incoming_fd, s->mmio_addr + Doorbell,
+                                (incoming_posn << 16) | guest_curr_max, 1);
+    }
+
+    /* keep track of the maximum VM ID */
+    if (incoming_posn > s->num_eventfds) {
+        s->num_eventfds = incoming_posn;
+    }
+
+    if (incoming_posn == s->vm_id) {
+        if (ivshmem_has_feature(s, IVSHMEM_IRQFD)) {
+            /* setup irqfd for this VM's eventfd */
+            int vector = guest_curr_max;
+            kvm_set_irqfd(s->dev.msix_irq_entries[vector].gsi,
+                                s->eventfds[s->vm_id][guest_curr_max], 1);
+        } else {
+            /* initialize char device for callback
+             * if this is one of my eventfd */
+            s->eventfd_chr[guest_curr_max] = create_eventfd_chr_device(s,
+                s->eventfds[s->vm_id][guest_curr_max], guest_curr_max);
+        }
+    }
+
+    return;
+}
+
+static void ivshmem_reset(DeviceState *d)
+{
+    return;
+}
+
+static void ivshmem_mmio_map(PCIDevice *pci_dev, int region_num,
+                       pcibus_t addr, pcibus_t size, int type)
+{
+    IVShmemState *s = DO_UPCAST(IVShmemState, dev, pci_dev);
+
+    s->mmio_addr = addr;
+    cpu_register_physical_memory(addr + 0, 0x400, s->ivshmem_mmio_io_addr);
+
+    /* now that our mmio region has been allocated, we can receive
+     * the file descriptors */
+    if (s->chr != NULL) {
+        qemu_chr_add_handlers(s->chr, ivshmem_can_receive, ivshmem_read,
+                     ivshmem_event, s);
+    }
+
+}
+
+static uint64_t ivshmem_get_size(IVShmemState * s) {
+
+    uint64_t value;
+    char *ptr;
+
+    value = strtoul(s->sizearg, &ptr, 10);
+    switch (*ptr) {
+        case 0: case 'M': case 'm':
+            value <<= 20;
+            break;
+        case 'G': case 'g':
+            value <<= 30;
+            break;
+        default:
+            fprintf(stderr, "qemu: invalid ram size: %s\n", s->sizearg);
+            exit(1);
+    }
+
+    /* BARs must be a power of 2 */
+    if (!is_power_of_two(value)) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "ivshmem: size must be power of 2\n");
+        exit(1);
+    }
+
+    return value;
+
+}
+
+static int pci_ivshmem_init(PCIDevice *dev)
+{
+    IVShmemState *s = DO_UPCAST(IVShmemState, dev, dev);
+    uint8_t *pci_conf;
+    int i;
+
+    if (s->sizearg == NULL)
+        s->ivshmem_size = 4 << 20; /* 4 MB default */
+    else {
+        s->ivshmem_size = ivshmem_get_size(s);
+    }
+
+    /* IRQFD requires MSI */
+    if (ivshmem_has_feature(s, IVSHMEM_IRQFD) &&
+        !ivshmem_has_feature(s, IVSHMEM_MSI)) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "ivshmem: ioeventfd/irqfd requires MSI\n");
+        exit(1);
+    }
+
+    pci_conf = s->dev.config;
+    pci_conf[0x00] = 0xf4; /* Qumranet vendor ID 0x5002 */
+    pci_conf[0x01] = 0x1a;
+    pci_conf[0x02] = 0x10;
+    pci_conf[0x03] = 0x11;
+    pci_conf[0x04] = PCI_COMMAND_IO | PCI_COMMAND_MEMORY;
+    pci_conf[0x0a] = 0x00; /* RAM controller */
+    pci_conf[0x0b] = 0x05;
+    pci_conf[0x0e] = 0x00; /* header_type */
+
+    s->ivshmem_mmio_io_addr = cpu_register_io_memory(ivshmem_mmio_read,
+                                    ivshmem_mmio_write, s);
+    /* region for registers*/
+    pci_register_bar(&s->dev, 0, 0x400,
+                           PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_SPACE_MEMORY, ivshmem_mmio_map);
+
+    /* allocate the MSI-X vectors */
+    if (ivshmem_has_feature(s, IVSHMEM_MSI)) {
+
+        if (!msix_init(&s->dev, s->vectors, 1, 0)) {
+            pci_register_bar(&s->dev, 1,
+                             msix_bar_size(&s->dev),
+                             PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_SPACE_MEMORY,
+                             msix_mmio_map);
+            IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("msix initialized (%d vectors)\n", s->vectors);
+        } else {
+            IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("msix initialization failed\n");
+        }
+
+        /* 'activate' the vectors */
+        for (i = 0; i < s->vectors; i++) {
+            msix_vector_use(&s->dev, i);
+        }
+    }
+
+    if ((s->chr != NULL) && (strncmp(s->chr->filename, "unix:", 5) == 0)) {
+        /* if we get a UNIX socket as the parameter we will talk
+         * to the ivshmem server later once the MMIO BAR is actually
+         * allocated (see ivshmem_mmio_map) */
+
+        IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("using shared memory server (socket = %s)\n",
+                                                            s->chr->filename);
+
+        /* we allocate enough space for 16 guests and grow as needed */
+        s->nr_alloc_guests = 16;
+        s->vm_id = -1;
+
+        /* allocate/initialize space for interrupt handling */
+        s->eventfds = qemu_mallocz(s->nr_alloc_guests * sizeof(int *));
+        s->eventfd_table = qemu_mallocz(s->vectors * sizeof(EventfdEntry));
+        s->eventfds_posn_count = qemu_mallocz(s->nr_alloc_guests * sizeof(int));
+
+        pci_conf[PCI_INTERRUPT_PIN] = 1; /* we are going to support interrupts */
+
+        if (!ivshmem_has_feature(s, IVSHMEM_IRQFD)) {
+            s->eventfd_chr = (CharDriverState **)qemu_malloc(s->nr_alloc_guests *
+                                                            sizeof(void *));
+        }
+
+    } else {
+        /* just map the file immediately, we're not using a server */
+        int fd;
+
+        if (s->shmobj == NULL) {
+            fprintf(stderr, "Must specify 'chardev' or 'shm' to ivshmem\n");
+        }
+
+        IVSHMEM_DPRINTF("using shm_open (shm object = %s)\n", s->shmobj);
+
+        /* try opening with O_EXCL and if it succeeds zero the memory
+         * by truncating to 0 */
+        if ((fd = shm_open(s->shmobj, O_CREAT|O_RDWR|O_EXCL,
+                        S_IRWXU|S_IRWXG|S_IRWXO)) > 0) {
+           /* truncate file to length PCI device's memory */
+            if (ftruncate(fd, s->ivshmem_size) != 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "kvm_ivshmem: could not truncate shared file\n");
+            }
+
+        } else if ((fd = shm_open(s->shmobj, O_CREAT|O_RDWR,
+                        S_IRWXU|S_IRWXG|S_IRWXO)) < 0) {
+            fprintf(stderr, "kvm_ivshmem: could not open shared file\n");
+            exit(-1);
+        }
+
+        create_shared_memory_BAR(s, fd);
+
+    }
+
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static int pci_ivshmem_uninit(PCIDevice *dev)
+{
+    IVShmemState *s = DO_UPCAST(IVShmemState, dev, dev);
+
+    cpu_unregister_io_memory(s->ivshmem_mmio_io_addr);
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static PCIDeviceInfo ivshmem_info = {
+    .qdev.name  = "ivshmem",
+    .qdev.size  = sizeof(IVShmemState),
+    .qdev.reset = ivshmem_reset,
+    .init       = pci_ivshmem_init,
+    .exit       = pci_ivshmem_uninit,
+    .qdev.props = (Property[]) {
+        DEFINE_PROP_CHR("chardev", IVShmemState, chr),
+        DEFINE_PROP_STRING("size", IVShmemState, sizearg),
+        DEFINE_PROP_UINT32("vectors", IVShmemState, vectors, 1),
+        DEFINE_PROP_BIT("irqfd", IVShmemState, features, IVSHMEM_IRQFD, false),
+        DEFINE_PROP_BIT("msi", IVShmemState, features, IVSHMEM_MSI, true),
+        DEFINE_PROP_STRING("shm", IVShmemState, shmobj),
+        DEFINE_PROP_END_OF_LIST(),
+    }
+};
+
+static void ivshmem_register_devices(void)
+{
+    pci_qdev_register(&ivshmem_info);
+}
+
+device_init(ivshmem_register_devices)
diff --git a/qemu-char.c b/qemu-char.c
index ac65a1c..b2e50d0 100644
--- a/qemu-char.c
+++ b/qemu-char.c
@@ -2093,6 +2093,12 @@  static void tcp_chr_read(void *opaque)
     }
 }
 
+CharDriverState *qemu_chr_open_eventfd(int eventfd){
+
+    return qemu_chr_open_fd(eventfd, eventfd);
+
+}
+
 static void tcp_chr_connect(void *opaque)
 {
     CharDriverState *chr = opaque;
diff --git a/qemu-char.h b/qemu-char.h
index e3a0783..6ea01ba 100644
--- a/qemu-char.h
+++ b/qemu-char.h
@@ -94,6 +94,9 @@  void qemu_chr_info_print(Monitor *mon, const QObject *ret_data);
 void qemu_chr_info(Monitor *mon, QObject **ret_data);
 CharDriverState *qemu_chr_find(const char *name);
 
+/* add an eventfd to the qemu devices that are polled */
+CharDriverState *qemu_chr_open_eventfd(int eventfd);
+
 extern int term_escape_char;
 
 /* async I/O support */
diff --git a/qemu-doc.texi b/qemu-doc.texi
index 6647b7b..2df4687 100644
--- a/qemu-doc.texi
+++ b/qemu-doc.texi
@@ -706,6 +706,31 @@  Using the @option{-net socket} option, it is possible to make VLANs
 that span several QEMU instances. See @ref{sec_invocation} to have a
 basic example.
 
+@section Other Devices
+
+@subsection Inter-VM Shared Memory device
+
+With KVM enabled on a Linux host, a shared memory device is available.  Guests
+map a POSIX shared memory region into the guest as a PCI device that enables
+zero-copy communication to the application level of the guests.  The basic
+syntax is:
+
+@example
+qemu -device ivshmem,size=<size in format accepted by -m>[,shm=<shm name>]
+@end example
+
+If desired, interrupts can be sent between guest VMs accessing the same shared
+memory region.  Interrupt support requires using a shared memory server and
+using a chardev socket to connect to it.  The code for the shared memory server
+is qemu.git/contrib/ivshmem-server.  An example syntax when using the shared
+memory server is:
+
+@example
+qemu -device ivshmem,size=<size in format accepted by -m>[,shm=<shm name>]
+                        [,chardev=<id>][,msi=on][,irqfd=on][,vectors=n]
+qemu -chardev socket,path=<path>,id=<id>
+@end example
+
 @node direct_linux_boot
 @section Direct Linux Boot