[v4,2/4] pci: Add generic PCIe host bridge
diff mbox

Message ID 1423148140-93672-3-git-send-email-agraf@suse.de
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Alexander Graf Feb. 5, 2015, 2:55 p.m. UTC
With simple exposure of MMFG, ioport window, mmio window and an IRQ line we
can successfully create a workable PCIe host bridge that can be mapped anywhere
and only needs to get described to the OS using whatever means it likes.

This patch implements such a "generic" host bridge. It handles 4 legacy IRQ
lines. MSIs need to be handled external to the host bridge.

This device is particularly useful for the "pci-host-ecam-generic" driver in
Linux.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Graf <agraf@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Claudio Fontana <claudio.fontana@huawei.com>
Tested-by: Claudio Fontana <claudio.fontana@huawei.com>

---

v1 -> v2:

  - Add documentation links
  - Remove mmio_window_size
  - Expose 4 INTX IRQs

v2 -> v3:

  - Update patch description
  - Increase ecam region to full size
  - Expose number of irqs via define
  - Update header description
  - Update host bridge qom description string
  - Use new Red Hat PCIe host bridge PCI ID
---
 hw/pci-host/Makefile.objs  |   1 +
 hw/pci-host/gpex.c         | 154 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/hw/pci-host/gpex.h |  56 +++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 211 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 hw/pci-host/gpex.c
 create mode 100644 include/hw/pci-host/gpex.h

Comments

Peter Maydell Feb. 5, 2015, 3:30 p.m. UTC | #1
On 5 February 2015 at 14:55, Alexander Graf <agraf@suse.de> wrote:
> With simple exposure of MMFG, ioport window, mmio window and an IRQ line we
> can successfully create a workable PCIe host bridge that can be mapped anywhere
> and only needs to get described to the OS using whatever means it likes.
>
> This patch implements such a "generic" host bridge. It handles 4 legacy IRQ
> lines. MSIs need to be handled external to the host bridge.
>
> This device is particularly useful for the "pci-host-ecam-generic" driver in
> Linux.
>
> Signed-off-by: Alexander Graf <agraf@suse.de>
> Reviewed-by: Claudio Fontana <claudio.fontana@huawei.com>
> Tested-by: Claudio Fontana <claudio.fontana@huawei.com>

Reviewed-by: Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org>

thanks
-- PMM

Patch
diff mbox

diff --git a/hw/pci-host/Makefile.objs b/hw/pci-host/Makefile.objs
index bb65f9c..45f1f0e 100644
--- a/hw/pci-host/Makefile.objs
+++ b/hw/pci-host/Makefile.objs
@@ -15,3 +15,4 @@  common-obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_APB) += apb.o
 common-obj-$(CONFIG_FULONG) += bonito.o
 common-obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_PIIX) += piix.o
 common-obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_Q35) += q35.o
+common-obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_GENERIC) += gpex.o
diff --git a/hw/pci-host/gpex.c b/hw/pci-host/gpex.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9d8fb5a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/pci-host/gpex.c
@@ -0,0 +1,154 @@ 
+/*
+ * QEMU Generic PCI Express Bridge Emulation
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Alexander Graf <agraf@suse.de>
+ *
+ * Code loosely based on q35.c.
+ *
+ * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
+ * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
+ * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
+ * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
+ * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
+ * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
+ *
+ * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
+ * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
+ * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
+ * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
+ * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
+ * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
+ * THE SOFTWARE.
+ *
+ * Check out these documents for more information on the device:
+ *
+ * http://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pci/host-generic-pci.txt
+ * http://www.firmware.org/1275/practice/imap/imap0_9d.pdf
+ */
+#include "hw/hw.h"
+#include "hw/pci-host/gpex.h"
+
+/****************************************************************************
+ * GPEX host
+ */
+
+static void gpex_set_irq(void *opaque, int irq_num, int level)
+{
+    GPEXHost *s = opaque;
+
+    qemu_set_irq(s->irq[irq_num], level);
+}
+
+static void gpex_host_realize(DeviceState *dev, Error **errp)
+{
+    PCIHostState *pci = PCI_HOST_BRIDGE(dev);
+    GPEXHost *s = GPEX_HOST(dev);
+    SysBusDevice *sbd = SYS_BUS_DEVICE(dev);
+    PCIExpressHost *pex = PCIE_HOST_BRIDGE(dev);
+    int i;
+
+    pcie_host_mmcfg_init(pex, PCIE_MMCFG_SIZE_MAX);
+    memory_region_init(&s->io_mmio, OBJECT(s), "gpex_mmio", UINT64_MAX);
+    memory_region_init(&s->io_ioport, OBJECT(s), "gpex_ioport", 64 * 1024);
+
+    sysbus_init_mmio(sbd, &pex->mmio);
+    sysbus_init_mmio(sbd, &s->io_mmio);
+    sysbus_init_mmio(sbd, &s->io_ioport);
+    for (i = 0; i < GPEX_NUM_IRQS; i++) {
+        sysbus_init_irq(sbd, &s->irq[i]);
+    }
+
+    pci->bus = pci_register_bus(dev, "pcie.0", gpex_set_irq,
+                                pci_swizzle_map_irq_fn, s, &s->io_mmio,
+                                &s->io_ioport, 0, 4, TYPE_PCIE_BUS);
+
+    qdev_set_parent_bus(DEVICE(&s->gpex_root), BUS(pci->bus));
+    qdev_init_nofail(DEVICE(&s->gpex_root));
+}
+
+static const char *gpex_host_root_bus_path(PCIHostState *host_bridge,
+                                          PCIBus *rootbus)
+{
+    return "0000:00";
+}
+
+static void gpex_host_class_init(ObjectClass *klass, void *data)
+{
+    DeviceClass *dc = DEVICE_CLASS(klass);
+    PCIHostBridgeClass *hc = PCI_HOST_BRIDGE_CLASS(klass);
+
+    hc->root_bus_path = gpex_host_root_bus_path;
+    dc->realize = gpex_host_realize;
+    set_bit(DEVICE_CATEGORY_BRIDGE, dc->categories);
+    dc->fw_name = "pci";
+}
+
+static void gpex_host_initfn(Object *obj)
+{
+    GPEXHost *s = GPEX_HOST(obj);
+    GPEXRootState *root = &s->gpex_root;
+
+    object_initialize(root, sizeof(*root), TYPE_GPEX_ROOT_DEVICE);
+    object_property_add_child(obj, "gpex_root", OBJECT(root), NULL);
+    qdev_prop_set_uint32(DEVICE(root), "addr", PCI_DEVFN(0, 0));
+    qdev_prop_set_bit(DEVICE(root), "multifunction", false);
+}
+
+static const TypeInfo gpex_host_info = {
+    .name       = TYPE_GPEX_HOST,
+    .parent     = TYPE_PCIE_HOST_BRIDGE,
+    .instance_size = sizeof(GPEXHost),
+    .instance_init = gpex_host_initfn,
+    .class_init = gpex_host_class_init,
+};
+
+/****************************************************************************
+ * GPEX Root D0:F0
+ */
+
+static const VMStateDescription vmstate_gpex_root = {
+    .name = "gpex_root",
+    .version_id = 1,
+    .minimum_version_id = 1,
+    .fields = (VMStateField[]) {
+        VMSTATE_PCI_DEVICE(parent_obj, GPEXRootState),
+        VMSTATE_END_OF_LIST()
+    }
+};
+
+static void gpex_root_class_init(ObjectClass *klass, void *data)
+{
+    PCIDeviceClass *k = PCI_DEVICE_CLASS(klass);
+    DeviceClass *dc = DEVICE_CLASS(klass);
+
+    set_bit(DEVICE_CATEGORY_BRIDGE, dc->categories);
+    dc->desc = "QEMU generic PCIe host bridge";
+    dc->vmsd = &vmstate_gpex_root;
+    k->vendor_id = PCI_VENDOR_ID_REDHAT;
+    k->device_id = PCI_DEVICE_ID_REDHAT_PCIE_HOST;
+    k->revision = 0;
+    k->class_id = PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_HOST;
+    /*
+     * PCI-facing part of the host bridge, not usable without the
+     * host-facing part, which can't be device_add'ed, yet.
+     */
+    dc->cannot_instantiate_with_device_add_yet = true;
+}
+
+static const TypeInfo gpex_root_info = {
+    .name = TYPE_GPEX_ROOT_DEVICE,
+    .parent = TYPE_PCI_DEVICE,
+    .instance_size = sizeof(GPEXRootState),
+    .class_init = gpex_root_class_init,
+};
+
+static void gpex_register(void)
+{
+    type_register_static(&gpex_root_info);
+    type_register_static(&gpex_host_info);
+}
+
+type_init(gpex_register)
diff --git a/include/hw/pci-host/gpex.h b/include/hw/pci-host/gpex.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..68c9348
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/hw/pci-host/gpex.h
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@ 
+/*
+ * QEMU Generic PCI Express Bridge Emulation
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Alexander Graf <agraf@suse.de>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License along with this library; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>
+ */
+
+#ifndef HW_GPEX_H
+#define HW_GPEX_H
+
+#include "hw/hw.h"
+#include "hw/sysbus.h"
+#include "hw/pci/pci.h"
+#include "hw/pci/pcie_host.h"
+
+#define TYPE_GPEX_HOST "gpex-pcihost"
+#define GPEX_HOST(obj) \
+     OBJECT_CHECK(GPEXHost, (obj), TYPE_GPEX_HOST)
+
+#define TYPE_GPEX_ROOT_DEVICE "gpex-root"
+#define MCH_PCI_DEVICE(obj) \
+     OBJECT_CHECK(GPEXRootState, (obj), TYPE_GPEX_ROOT_DEVICE)
+
+#define GPEX_NUM_IRQS 4
+
+typedef struct GPEXRootState {
+    /*< private >*/
+    PCIDevice parent_obj;
+    /*< public >*/
+} GPEXRootState;
+
+typedef struct GPEXHost {
+    /*< private >*/
+    PCIExpressHost parent_obj;
+    /*< public >*/
+
+    GPEXRootState gpex_root;
+
+    MemoryRegion io_ioport;
+    MemoryRegion io_mmio;
+    qemu_irq irq[GPEX_NUM_IRQS];
+} GPEXHost;
+
+#endif /* HW_GPEX_H */