Patchwork Re: virtio: Add memory statistics reporting to the balloon driver (V7)

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Submitter Adam Litke
Date Jan. 18, 2010, 5:54 p.m.
Message ID <1263837296.2850.3.camel@aglitke>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/43149/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Adam Litke - Jan. 18, 2010, 5:54 p.m.
On Mon, 2010-01-18 at 12:12 -0200, Luiz Capitulino wrote:
> On Fri, 15 Jan 2010 13:54:29 -0600
> Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com> wrote:
> 
> > This version improves support for multiple monitors and has been ported up to
> > HEAD as of 01/14.
> 
>  Overall review on the Monitor related changes seems ok, but I'm not sure
> how I should enable it.

You must run a Linux guest with the virtio balloon enabled (-balloon
virtio) and the guest kernel must support the stats API.  Rusty Russell
has accepted my patch into his tree and will be pushing it upstream.  In
the meantime, you could build a 2.6.33-rc3 kernel with the following
patch applied...

commit b9bb81c2f7ce82d636d47089d6aa279d9be704f2
Author: litke@us.ibm.com <aglitke@kernel.beaverton.ibm.com>
Date:   Fri Jan 8 14:17:45 2010 -0800

    balloon memory stats patch

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
index 9dd5880..f95be86 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
+++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ 
 struct virtio_balloon
 {
 	struct virtio_device *vdev;
-	struct virtqueue *inflate_vq, *deflate_vq;
+	struct virtqueue *inflate_vq, *deflate_vq, *stats_vq;
 
 	/* Where the ballooning thread waits for config to change. */
 	wait_queue_head_t config_change;
@@ -49,6 +49,10 @@  struct virtio_balloon
 	/* The array of pfns we tell the Host about. */
 	unsigned int num_pfns;
 	u32 pfns[256];
+
+	/* Memory statistics */
+	int need_stats_update;
+	struct virtio_balloon_stat stats[VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_NR];
 };
 
 static struct virtio_device_id id_table[] = {
@@ -154,6 +158,72 @@  static void leak_balloon(struct virtio_balloon *vb, size_t num)
 	}
 }
 
+static inline void update_stat(struct virtio_balloon *vb, int idx,
+			       u16 tag, u64 val)
+{
+	BUG_ON(idx >= VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_NR);
+	vb->stats[idx].tag = tag;
+	vb->stats[idx].val = val;
+}
+
+#define pages_to_bytes(x) ((u64)(x) << PAGE_SHIFT)
+
+static void update_balloon_stats(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
+{
+	unsigned long events[NR_VM_EVENT_ITEMS];
+	struct sysinfo i;
+	int idx = 0;
+
+	all_vm_events(events);
+	si_meminfo(&i);
+
+	update_stat(vb, idx++, VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_SWAP_IN,
+				pages_to_bytes(events[PSWPIN]));
+	update_stat(vb, idx++, VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_SWAP_OUT,
+				pages_to_bytes(events[PSWPOUT]));
+	update_stat(vb, idx++, VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_MAJFLT, events[PGMAJFAULT]);
+	update_stat(vb, idx++, VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_MINFLT, events[PGFAULT]);
+	update_stat(vb, idx++, VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_MEMFREE,
+				pages_to_bytes(i.freeram));
+	update_stat(vb, idx++, VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_MEMTOT,
+				pages_to_bytes(i.totalram));
+}
+
+/*
+ * While most virtqueues communicate guest-initiated requests to the hypervisor,
+ * the stats queue operates in reverse.  The driver initializes the virtqueue
+ * with a single buffer.  From that point forward, all conversations consist of
+ * a hypervisor request (a call to this function) which directs us to refill
+ * the virtqueue with a fresh stats buffer.  Since stats collection can sleep,
+ * we notify our kthread which does the actual work via stats_handle_request().
+ */
+static void stats_request(struct virtqueue *vq)
+{
+	struct virtio_balloon *vb;
+	unsigned int len;
+
+	vb = vq->vq_ops->get_buf(vq, &len);
+	if (!vb)
+		return;
+	vb->need_stats_update = 1;
+	wake_up(&vb->config_change);
+}
+
+static void stats_handle_request(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
+{
+	struct virtqueue *vq;
+	struct scatterlist sg;
+
+	vb->need_stats_update = 0;
+	update_balloon_stats(vb);
+
+	vq = vb->stats_vq;
+	sg_init_one(&sg, vb->stats, sizeof(vb->stats));
+	if (vq->vq_ops->add_buf(vq, &sg, 1, 0, vb) < 0)
+		BUG();
+	vq->vq_ops->kick(vq);
+}
+
 static void virtballoon_changed(struct virtio_device *vdev)
 {
 	struct virtio_balloon *vb = vdev->priv;
@@ -190,8 +260,11 @@  static int balloon(void *_vballoon)
 		try_to_freeze();
 		wait_event_interruptible(vb->config_change,
 					 (diff = towards_target(vb)) != 0
+					 || vb->need_stats_update
 					 || kthread_should_stop()
 					 || freezing(current));
+		if (vb->need_stats_update)
+			stats_handle_request(vb);
 		if (diff > 0)
 			fill_balloon(vb, diff);
 		else if (diff < 0)
@@ -204,10 +277,10 @@  static int balloon(void *_vballoon)
 static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
 {
 	struct virtio_balloon *vb;
-	struct virtqueue *vqs[2];
-	vq_callback_t *callbacks[] = { balloon_ack, balloon_ack };
-	const char *names[] = { "inflate", "deflate" };
-	int err;
+	struct virtqueue *vqs[3];
+	vq_callback_t *callbacks[] = { balloon_ack, balloon_ack, stats_request };
+	const char *names[] = { "inflate", "deflate", "stats" };
+	int err, nvqs;
 
 	vdev->priv = vb = kmalloc(sizeof(*vb), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!vb) {
@@ -220,13 +293,29 @@  static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
 	init_waitqueue_head(&vb->config_change);
 	vb->vdev = vdev;
 
-	/* We expect two virtqueues. */
-	err = vdev->config->find_vqs(vdev, 2, vqs, callbacks, names);
+	/* We expect two virtqueues: inflate and deflate,
+	 * and optionally stat. */
+	nvqs = virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ) ? 3 : 2;
+	err = vdev->config->find_vqs(vdev, nvqs, vqs, callbacks, names);
 	if (err)
 		goto out_free_vb;
 
 	vb->inflate_vq = vqs[0];
 	vb->deflate_vq = vqs[1];
+	if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ)) {
+		struct scatterlist sg;
+		vb->stats_vq = vqs[2];
+
+		/*
+		 * Prime this virtqueue with one buffer so the hypervisor can
+		 * use it to signal us later.
+		 */
+		sg_init_one(&sg, vb->stats, sizeof vb->stats);
+		if (vb->stats_vq->vq_ops->add_buf(vb->stats_vq,
+						  &sg, 1, 0, vb) < 0)
+			BUG();
+		vb->stats_vq->vq_ops->kick(vb->stats_vq);
+	}
 
 	vb->thread = kthread_run(balloon, vb, "vballoon");
 	if (IS_ERR(vb->thread)) {
@@ -264,7 +353,10 @@  static void __devexit virtballoon_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
 	kfree(vb);
 }
 
-static unsigned int features[] = { VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_MUST_TELL_HOST };
+static unsigned int features[] = {
+	VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_MUST_TELL_HOST,
+	VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ,
+};
 
 static struct virtio_driver virtio_balloon = {
 	.feature_table = features,
diff --git a/include/linux/virtio_balloon.h b/include/linux/virtio_balloon.h
index 1418f04..a50ecd1 100644
--- a/include/linux/virtio_balloon.h
+++ b/include/linux/virtio_balloon.h
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ 
 
 /* The feature bitmap for virtio balloon */
 #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_MUST_TELL_HOST	0 /* Tell before reclaiming pages */
+#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ	1 /* Memory Stats virtqueue */
 
 /* Size of a PFN in the balloon interface. */
 #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_PFN_SHIFT 12
@@ -18,4 +19,18 @@  struct virtio_balloon_config
 	/* Number of pages we've actually got in balloon. */
 	__le32 actual;
 };
+
+#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_SWAP_IN  0   /* Amount of memory swapped in */
+#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_SWAP_OUT 1   /* Amount of memory swapped out */
+#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_MAJFLT   2   /* Number of major faults */
+#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_MINFLT   3   /* Number of minor faults */
+#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_MEMFREE  4   /* Total amount of free memory */
+#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_MEMTOT   5   /* Total amount of memory */
+#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_NR       6
+
+struct virtio_balloon_stat {
+	u16 tag;
+	u64 val;
+} __attribute__((packed));
+
 #endif /* _LINUX_VIRTIO_BALLOON_H */