Patchwork [v12,4/4] : mtdoops: refactor as a kmsg_dumper

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Submitter Simon Kagstrom
Date Oct. 29, 2009, 12:41 p.m.
Message ID <20091029134123.348b5126@marrow.netinsight.se>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/37182/
State New, archived
Headers show

Comments

Simon Kagstrom - Oct. 29, 2009, 12:41 p.m.
The last messages which happens before a crash might contain interesting
information about the crash. This patch reworks mtdoops using the
kmsg_dumper support instead of a console, which simplifies the code and
also includes the messages before the oops started.

On oops callbacks, the MTD device write is scheduled in a work queue (to
be able to use the regular mtd->write call), while panics call
mtd->panic_write directly. Thus, if panic_on_oops is set, the oops will
be written out during the panic.

A parameter to specify which mtd device to use (number or name), as well
as a flag, writable at runtime, to toggle wheter to dump oopses or only
panics (since oopses can often be handled by regular syslog).

Signed-off-by: Simon Kagstrom <simon.kagstrom@netinsight.net>
Reviewed-by: Anders Grafstrom <anders.grafstrom@netinsight.net>
---
ChangeLog:
  * Rebased on top of "[PATCH v12 3/4]: mtdoops: Make page (record) size configurable"

 drivers/mtd/Kconfig   |    5 +-
 drivers/mtd/mtdoops.c |  218 +++++++++++++++++++++----------------------------
 2 files changed, 96 insertions(+), 127 deletions(-)
Artem Bityutskiy - Nov. 3, 2009, 7:29 a.m.
On Thu, 2009-10-29 at 13:41 +0100, Simon Kagstrom wrote:
> The last messages which happens before a crash might contain interesting
> information about the crash. This patch reworks mtdoops using the
> kmsg_dumper support instead of a console, which simplifies the code and
> also includes the messages before the oops started.
> 
> On oops callbacks, the MTD device write is scheduled in a work queue (to
> be able to use the regular mtd->write call), while panics call
> mtd->panic_write directly. Thus, if panic_on_oops is set, the oops will
> be written out during the panic.
> 
> A parameter to specify which mtd device to use (number or name), as well
> as a flag, writable at runtime, to toggle wheter to dump oopses or only
> panics (since oopses can often be handled by regular syslog).
> 
> Signed-off-by: Simon Kagstrom <simon.kagstrom@netinsight.net>
> Reviewed-by: Anders Grafstrom <anders.grafstrom@netinsight.net>
> ---
> ChangeLog:
>   * Rebased on top of "[PATCH v12 3/4]: mtdoops: Make page (record) size configurable"
> 
>  drivers/mtd/Kconfig   |    5 +-
>  drivers/mtd/mtdoops.c |  218 +++++++++++++++++++++----------------------------
>  2 files changed, 96 insertions(+), 127 deletions(-)
> 

... snip ...

> -static int __init mtdoops_console_init(void)
> +static int __init mtdoops_init(void)
>  {
>  	struct mtdoops_context *cxt = &oops_cxt;
> +	int mtd_index;
> +	char *endp;
>  
> +	if (strlen(mtddev) == 0) {
> +		printk(KERN_ERR "mtdoops: mtd device (mtddev=name/number) must be supplied\n");
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
>  	if ((record_size & 4095) != 0) {
>  		printk(KERN_ERR "mtdoops: record_size must be a multiple of 4096\n");
>  		return -EINVAL;
> @@ -461,36 +426,39 @@ static int __init mtdoops_console_init(void)
>  		printk(KERN_ERR "mtdoops: record_size must be over 4096 bytes\n");
>  		return -EINVAL;
>  	}
> +
> +	/* Setup the MTD device to use */
>  	cxt->mtd_index = -1;
> +	mtd_index = simple_strtoul(mtddev, &endp, 0);
> +	if (endp != mtddev)
> +		cxt->mtd_index = mtd_index;

I think you should instead do

if (*endp == '\0')
	cxt->mtd_index = mtd_index;

instead. Otherwise the code will tread 'mtddev == 1xyz' as mtd1, which
is wrong.

And some sanity check to mtd_index would be nice, e.g., a check against
MAX_MTD_DEVICES.

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/mtd/Kconfig b/drivers/mtd/Kconfig
index 9a69af8..c1bcad5 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/mtd/Kconfig
@@ -312,8 +312,9 @@  config MTD_OOPS
 	  buffer in a flash partition where it can be read back at some
 	  later point.
 
-	  To use, add console=ttyMTDx to the kernel command line,
-	  where x is the MTD device number to use.
+	  To use, add mtddev=name/number to the kernel command line,
+	  where name/number is the name or number of the MTD device
+	  to use (e.g., mtddev=7 for /dev/mtd7).
 
 config MTD_OOPS_MAX_MTD_SIZE
 	int "Maximum MTD oops partition size (kbytes)"
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/mtdoops.c b/drivers/mtd/mtdoops.c
index 6c8aa70..91b0061 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/mtdoops.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/mtdoops.c
@@ -29,18 +29,31 @@ 
 #include <linux/sched.h>
 #include <linux/wait.h>
 #include <linux/delay.h>
-#include <linux/spinlock.h>
 #include <linux/interrupt.h>
 #include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
+#include <linux/kmsg_dump.h>
 
 #define MTDOOPS_KERNMSG_MAGIC 0x5d005d00
+#define MTDOOPS_HEADER_SIZE   8
 
 static unsigned long record_size = 4096;
 module_param(record_size, ulong, 0400);
 MODULE_PARM_DESC(record_size,
 		"record size for MTD OOPS pages in bytes (default 4096)");
 
+static char mtddev[80];
+module_param_string(mtddev, mtddev, 80, 0400);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(mtddev,
+		"name or index number of the MTD device to use");
+
+static int dump_oops = 1;
+module_param(dump_oops, int, 0600);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(dump_oops,
+		"set to 1 to dump oopses, 0 to only dump panics (default 1)");
+
 static struct mtdoops_context {
+	struct kmsg_dumper dump;
+
 	int mtd_index;
 	struct work_struct work_erase;
 	struct work_struct work_write;
@@ -49,14 +62,8 @@  static struct mtdoops_context {
 	int nextpage;
 	int nextcount;
 	unsigned long *oops_page_used;
-	char *name;
 
 	void *oops_buf;
-
-	/* writecount and disabling ready are spin lock protected */
-	spinlock_t writecount_lock;
-	int ready;
-	int writecount;
 } oops_cxt;
 
 static void mark_page_used(struct mtdoops_context *cxt, int page)
@@ -108,7 +115,7 @@  static int mtdoops_erase_block(struct mtdoops_context *cxt, int offset)
 		remove_wait_queue(&wait_q, &wait);
 		printk(KERN_WARNING "mtdoops: erase of region [0x%llx, 0x%llx] on \"%s\" failed\n",
 		       (unsigned long long)erase.addr,
-		       (unsigned long long)erase.len, mtd->name);
+		       (unsigned long long)erase.len, mtddev);
 		return ret;
 	}
 
@@ -138,7 +145,6 @@  static void mtdoops_inc_counter(struct mtdoops_context *cxt)
 
 	printk(KERN_DEBUG "mtdoops: ready %d, %d (no erase)\n",
 	       cxt->nextpage, cxt->nextcount);
-	cxt->ready = 1;
 }
 
 /* Scheduled work - when we can't proceed without erasing a block */
@@ -187,7 +193,6 @@  badblock:
 	if (ret >= 0) {
 		printk(KERN_DEBUG "mtdoops: ready %d, %d\n",
 		       cxt->nextpage, cxt->nextcount);
-		cxt->ready = 1;
 		return;
 	}
 
@@ -205,11 +210,13 @@  static void mtdoops_write(struct mtdoops_context *cxt, int panic)
 {
 	struct mtd_info *mtd = cxt->mtd;
 	size_t retlen;
+	u32 *hdr;
 	int ret;
 
-	if (cxt->writecount < record_size)
-		memset(cxt->oops_buf + cxt->writecount, 0xff,
-					record_size - cxt->writecount);
+	/* Add mtdoops header to the buffer */
+	hdr = cxt->oops_buf;
+	hdr[0] = cxt->nextcount;
+	hdr[1] = MTDOOPS_KERNMSG_MAGIC;
 
 	if (panic)
 		ret = mtd->panic_write(mtd, cxt->nextpage * record_size,
@@ -218,17 +225,15 @@  static void mtdoops_write(struct mtdoops_context *cxt, int panic)
 		ret = mtd->write(mtd, cxt->nextpage * record_size,
 					record_size, &retlen, cxt->oops_buf);
 
-	cxt->writecount = 0;
-
 	if (retlen != record_size || ret < 0)
 		printk(KERN_ERR "mtdoops: write failure at %ld (%td of %ld written), error %d\n",
 		       cxt->nextpage * record_size, retlen, record_size, ret);
 	mark_page_used(cxt, cxt->nextpage);
+	memset(cxt->oops_buf, 0xff, record_size);
 
 	mtdoops_inc_counter(cxt);
 }
 
-
 static void mtdoops_workfunc_write(struct work_struct *work)
 {
 	struct mtdoops_context *cxt =
@@ -247,10 +252,13 @@  static void find_next_position(struct mtdoops_context *cxt)
 	for (page = 0; page < cxt->oops_pages; page++) {
 		/* Assume the page is used */
 		mark_page_used(cxt, page);
-		ret = mtd->read(mtd, page * record_size, 8, &retlen, (u_char *) &count[0]);
-		if (retlen != 8 || (ret < 0 && ret != -EUCLEAN)) {
-			printk(KERN_ERR "mtdoops: read failure at %ld (%td of 8 read), err %d\n",
-			       page * record_size, retlen, ret);
+		ret = mtd->read(mtd, page * record_size, MTDOOPS_HEADER_SIZE,
+				&retlen, (u_char *) &count[0]);
+		if (retlen != MTDOOPS_HEADER_SIZE ||
+				(ret < 0 && ret != -EUCLEAN)) {
+			printk(KERN_ERR "mtdoops: read failure at %ld (%td of %d read), err %d\n",
+			       page * record_size, retlen,
+			       MTDOOPS_HEADER_SIZE, ret);
 			continue;
 		}
 
@@ -288,6 +296,42 @@  static void find_next_position(struct mtdoops_context *cxt)
 	mtdoops_inc_counter(cxt);
 }
 
+static void mtdoops_do_dump(struct kmsg_dumper *dumper,
+		enum kmsg_dump_reason reason, const char *s1, unsigned long l1,
+		const char *s2, unsigned long l2)
+{
+	struct mtdoops_context *cxt = container_of(dumper,
+			struct mtdoops_context, dump);
+	unsigned long s1_start, s2_start;
+	unsigned long l1_cpy, l2_cpy;
+	char *dst;
+
+	/* Only dump oopses if dump_oops is set */
+	if (reason == KMSG_DUMP_OOPS && !dump_oops)
+		return;
+
+	dst = cxt->oops_buf + MTDOOPS_HEADER_SIZE; /* Skip the header */
+	l2_cpy = min(l2, record_size - MTDOOPS_HEADER_SIZE);
+	l1_cpy = min(l1, record_size - MTDOOPS_HEADER_SIZE - l2_cpy);
+
+	s2_start = l2 - l2_cpy;
+	s1_start = l1 - l1_cpy;
+
+	memcpy(dst, s1 + s1_start, l1_cpy);
+	memcpy(dst + l1_cpy, s2 + s2_start, l2_cpy);
+
+	/* Panics must be written immediately */
+	if (reason == KMSG_DUMP_PANIC) {
+		if (!cxt->mtd->panic_write)
+			printk(KERN_ERR "mtdoops: Cannot write from panic without panic_write\n");
+		else
+			mtdoops_write(cxt, 1);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	/* For other cases, schedule work to write it "nicely" */
+	schedule_work(&cxt->work_write);
+}
 
 static void mtdoops_notify_add(struct mtd_info *mtd)
 {
@@ -296,7 +340,7 @@  static void mtdoops_notify_add(struct mtd_info *mtd)
 
 	do_div(mtdoops_pages, record_size);
 
-	if (cxt->name && !strcmp(mtd->name, cxt->name))
+	if (!strcmp(mtd->name, mtddev))
 		cxt->mtd_index = mtd->index;
 
 	if (mtd->index != cxt->mtd_index || cxt->mtd_index < 0)
@@ -327,6 +371,14 @@  static void mtdoops_notify_add(struct mtd_info *mtd)
 		printk(KERN_ERR "Could not allocate page array\n");
 		return;
 	}
+	cxt->dump.dump = mtdoops_do_dump;
+	if (kmsg_dump_register(&cxt->dump) < 0) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "Registering kmsg dumper failed\n");
+		vfree(cxt->oops_page_used);
+		cxt->oops_page_used = NULL;
+		return;
+	}
+
 	cxt->mtd = mtd;
 
 	cxt->oops_pages = (int)mtd->size / record_size;
@@ -343,116 +395,29 @@  static void mtdoops_notify_remove(struct mtd_info *mtd)
 	if (mtd->index != cxt->mtd_index || cxt->mtd_index < 0)
 		return;
 
+	if (kmsg_dump_unregister(&cxt->dump) < 0)
+		printk(KERN_WARNING "Could not unregister kmsg_dumper??\n");
+
 	cxt->mtd = NULL;
 	flush_scheduled_work();
 }
 
-static void mtdoops_console_sync(void)
-{
-	struct mtdoops_context *cxt = &oops_cxt;
-	struct mtd_info *mtd = cxt->mtd;
-	unsigned long flags;
-
-	if (!cxt->ready || !mtd || cxt->writecount == 0)
-		return;
-
-	/*
-	 *  Once ready is 0 and we've held the lock no further writes to the
-	 *  buffer will happen
-	 */
-	spin_lock_irqsave(&cxt->writecount_lock, flags);
-	if (!cxt->ready) {
-		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cxt->writecount_lock, flags);
-		return;
-	}
-	cxt->ready = 0;
-	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cxt->writecount_lock, flags);
-
-	if (mtd->panic_write && (in_interrupt() || panic_on_oops))
-		/* Interrupt context, we're going to panic so try and log */
-		mtdoops_write(cxt, 1);
-	else
-		schedule_work(&cxt->work_write);
-}
-
-static void
-mtdoops_console_write(struct console *co, const char *s, unsigned int count)
-{
-	struct mtdoops_context *cxt = co->data;
-	struct mtd_info *mtd = cxt->mtd;
-	unsigned long flags;
-
-	if (!oops_in_progress) {
-		mtdoops_console_sync();
-		return;
-	}
-
-	if (!cxt->ready || !mtd)
-		return;
-
-	/* Locking on writecount ensures sequential writes to the buffer */
-	spin_lock_irqsave(&cxt->writecount_lock, flags);
-
-	/* Check ready status didn't change whilst waiting for the lock */
-	if (!cxt->ready) {
-		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cxt->writecount_lock, flags);
-		return;
-	}
-
-	if (cxt->writecount == 0) {
-		u32 *stamp = cxt->oops_buf;
-		*stamp++ = cxt->nextcount;
-		*stamp = MTDOOPS_KERNMSG_MAGIC;
-		cxt->writecount = 8;
-	}
-
-	if (count + cxt->writecount > record_size)
-		count = record_size - cxt->writecount;
-
-	memcpy(cxt->oops_buf + cxt->writecount, s, count);
-	cxt->writecount += count;
-
-	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cxt->writecount_lock, flags);
-
-	if (cxt->writecount == record_size)
-		mtdoops_console_sync();
-}
-
-static int __init mtdoops_console_setup(struct console *co, char *options)
-{
-	struct mtdoops_context *cxt = co->data;
-
-	if (cxt->mtd_index != -1 || cxt->name)
-		return -EBUSY;
-	if (options) {
-		cxt->name = kstrdup(options, GFP_KERNEL);
-		return 0;
-	}
-	if (co->index == -1)
-		return -EINVAL;
-
-	cxt->mtd_index = co->index;
-	return 0;
-}
 
 static struct mtd_notifier mtdoops_notifier = {
 	.add	= mtdoops_notify_add,
 	.remove	= mtdoops_notify_remove,
 };
 
-static struct console mtdoops_console = {
-	.name		= "ttyMTD",
-	.write		= mtdoops_console_write,
-	.setup		= mtdoops_console_setup,
-	.unblank	= mtdoops_console_sync,
-	.index		= -1,
-	.data		= &oops_cxt,
-};
-
-static int __init mtdoops_console_init(void)
+static int __init mtdoops_init(void)
 {
 	struct mtdoops_context *cxt = &oops_cxt;
+	int mtd_index;
+	char *endp;
 
+	if (strlen(mtddev) == 0) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "mtdoops: mtd device (mtddev=name/number) must be supplied\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
 	if ((record_size & 4095) != 0) {
 		printk(KERN_ERR "mtdoops: record_size must be a multiple of 4096\n");
 		return -EINVAL;
@@ -461,36 +426,39 @@  static int __init mtdoops_console_init(void)
 		printk(KERN_ERR "mtdoops: record_size must be over 4096 bytes\n");
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
+
+	/* Setup the MTD device to use */
 	cxt->mtd_index = -1;
+	mtd_index = simple_strtoul(mtddev, &endp, 0);
+	if (endp != mtddev)
+		cxt->mtd_index = mtd_index;
+
 	cxt->oops_buf = vmalloc(record_size);
 	if (!cxt->oops_buf) {
 		printk(KERN_ERR "mtdoops: failed to allocate buffer workspace\n");
 		return -ENOMEM;
 	}
+	memset(cxt->oops_buf, 0xff, record_size);
 
-	spin_lock_init(&cxt->writecount_lock);
 	INIT_WORK(&cxt->work_erase, mtdoops_workfunc_erase);
 	INIT_WORK(&cxt->work_write, mtdoops_workfunc_write);
 
-	register_console(&mtdoops_console);
 	register_mtd_user(&mtdoops_notifier);
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static void __exit mtdoops_console_exit(void)
+static void __exit mtdoops_exit(void)
 {
 	struct mtdoops_context *cxt = &oops_cxt;
 
 	unregister_mtd_user(&mtdoops_notifier);
-	unregister_console(&mtdoops_console);
-	kfree(cxt->name);
 	vfree(cxt->oops_buf);
 	vfree(cxt->oops_page_used);
 }
 
 
-subsys_initcall(mtdoops_console_init);
-module_exit(mtdoops_console_exit);
+module_init(mtdoops_init);
+module_exit(mtdoops_exit);
 
 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
 MODULE_AUTHOR("Richard Purdie <rpurdie@openedhand.com>");