Patchwork [RFC,02/16] QEMUSizedBuffer/QEMUFile

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Submitter Dave Gilbert
Date March 25, 2014, 8:17 p.m.
Message ID <1395778647-30925-3-git-send-email-dgilbert@redhat.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/333697/
State New
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Dave Gilbert - March 25, 2014, 8:17 p.m.
From: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>

Stefan Berger's to create a QEMUFile that goes to a memory buffer;
from:

http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2013-03/msg05036.html

Using the QEMUFile interface, this patch adds support functions for
operating
on in-memory sized buffers that can be written to or read from.

Signed-off-by: Stefan Berger <stefanb@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Joel Schopp <jschopp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 include/migration/qemu-file.h |  27 +++
 qemu-file.c                   | 411 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 438 insertions(+)

Patch

diff --git a/include/migration/qemu-file.h b/include/migration/qemu-file.h
index a191fb6..f066801 100644
--- a/include/migration/qemu-file.h
+++ b/include/migration/qemu-file.h
@@ -25,6 +25,8 @@ 
 #define QEMU_FILE_H 1
 #include "exec/cpu-common.h"
 
+#include <stdint.h>
+
 /* This function writes a chunk of data to a file at the given position.
  * The pos argument can be ignored if the file is only being used for
  * streaming.  The handler should try to write all of the data it can.
@@ -94,11 +96,31 @@  typedef struct QEMUFileOps {
     QEMURamSaveFunc *save_page;
 } QEMUFileOps;
 
+struct QEMUSizedBuffer {
+    struct iovec *iov;
+    size_t n_iov;
+    size_t size; /* total allocated size in all iov's */
+    size_t used; /* number of used bytes */
+};
+
+typedef struct QEMUSizedBuffer QEMUSizedBuffer;
+QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb_create(const uint8_t *buffer, size_t len);
+QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb_clone(const QEMUSizedBuffer *);
+void qsb_free(QEMUSizedBuffer *);
+size_t qsb_set_length(QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb, size_t length);
+size_t qsb_get_length(const QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb);
+ssize_t qsb_get_buffer(const QEMUSizedBuffer *, off_t start, size_t count,
+                       uint8_t **buf);
+ssize_t qsb_write_at(QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb, const uint8_t *buf,
+                     off_t pos, size_t count);
+
+
 QEMUFile *qemu_fopen_ops(void *opaque, const QEMUFileOps *ops);
 QEMUFile *qemu_fopen(const char *filename, const char *mode);
 QEMUFile *qemu_fdopen(int fd, const char *mode);
 QEMUFile *qemu_fopen_socket(int fd, const char *mode);
 QEMUFile *qemu_popen_cmd(const char *command, const char *mode);
+QEMUFile *qemu_bufopen(const char *mode, QEMUSizedBuffer *input);
 int qemu_get_fd(QEMUFile *f);
 int qemu_fclose(QEMUFile *f);
 int64_t qemu_ftell(QEMUFile *f);
@@ -111,6 +133,11 @@  void qemu_put_byte(QEMUFile *f, int v);
 void qemu_put_buffer_async(QEMUFile *f, const uint8_t *buf, int size);
 bool qemu_file_mode_is_not_valid(const char *mode);
 
+/*
+ * For use on files opened with qemu_bufopen
+ */
+const QEMUSizedBuffer *qemu_buf_get(QEMUFile *f);
+
 static inline void qemu_put_ubyte(QEMUFile *f, unsigned int v)
 {
     qemu_put_byte(f, (int)v);
diff --git a/qemu-file.c b/qemu-file.c
index e5ec798..b1b1a5b 100644
--- a/qemu-file.c
+++ b/qemu-file.c
@@ -831,3 +831,414 @@  uint64_t qemu_get_be64(QEMUFile *f)
     v |= qemu_get_be32(f);
     return v;
 }
+
+
+#define QSB_CHUNK_SIZE      (1 << 10)
+#define QSB_MAX_CHUNK_SIZE  (10 * QSB_CHUNK_SIZE)
+
+/**
+ * Create a QEMUSizedBuffer
+ * This type of buffer uses scatter-gather lists internally and
+ * can grow to any size. Any data array in the scatter-gather list
+ * can hold different amount of bytes.
+ *
+ * @buffer: Optional buffer to copy into the QSB
+ * @len: size of initial buffer; if @buffer is given, buffer must
+ *       hold at least len bytes
+ *
+ * Returns a pointer to a QEMUSizedBuffer
+ */
+QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb_create(const uint8_t *buffer, size_t len)
+{
+    QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb;
+    size_t alloc_len, num_chunks, i, to_copy;
+    size_t chunk_size = (len > QSB_MAX_CHUNK_SIZE)
+                        ? QSB_MAX_CHUNK_SIZE
+                        : QSB_CHUNK_SIZE;
+
+    if (len == 0) {
+        /* we want to allocate at least one chunk */
+        len = QSB_CHUNK_SIZE;
+    }
+
+    num_chunks = DIV_ROUND_UP(len, chunk_size);
+    alloc_len = num_chunks * chunk_size;
+
+    qsb = g_new0(QEMUSizedBuffer, 1);
+    qsb->iov = g_new0(struct iovec, num_chunks);
+    qsb->n_iov = num_chunks;
+
+    for (i = 0; i < num_chunks; i++) {
+        qsb->iov[i].iov_base = g_malloc0(chunk_size);
+        qsb->iov[i].iov_len = chunk_size;
+        if (buffer) {
+            to_copy = (len - qsb->used) > chunk_size
+                      ? chunk_size : (len - qsb->used);
+            memcpy(qsb->iov[i].iov_base, &buffer[qsb->used], to_copy);
+            qsb->used += to_copy;
+        }
+    }
+
+    qsb->size = alloc_len;
+
+    return qsb;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Free the QEMUSizedBuffer
+ *
+ * @qsb: The QEMUSizedBuffer to free
+ */
+void qsb_free(QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb)
+{
+    size_t i;
+
+    if (!qsb) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    for (i = 0; i < qsb->n_iov; i++) {
+        g_free(qsb->iov[i].iov_base);
+    }
+    g_free(qsb->iov);
+    g_free(qsb);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Get the number of of used bytes in the QEMUSizedBuffer
+ *
+ * @qsb: A QEMUSizedBuffer
+ *
+ * Returns the number of bytes currently used in this buffer
+ */
+size_t qsb_get_length(const QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb)
+{
+    return qsb->used;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Set the length of the buffer; The primary usage of this
+ * function is to truncate the number of used bytes in the buffer.
+ * The size will not be extended beyond the current  number of
+ * allocated bytes in the QEMUSizedBuffer.
+ *
+ * @qsb: A QEMUSizedBuffer
+ * @new_len : The new length of bytes in the buffer
+ *
+ * Returns the number of bytes the buffer was trucated or extended
+ * to.
+ */
+size_t qsb_set_length(QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb, size_t new_len)
+{
+    if (new_len <= qsb->size) {
+        qsb->used = new_len;
+    } else {
+        qsb->used = qsb->size;
+    }
+    return qsb->used;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Get the iovec that holds the data for a given position @pos.
+ *
+ * @qsb: A QEMUSizedBuffer
+ * @pos: The index of a byte in the buffer
+ * @d_off: Pointer to an offset that this function will indicate
+ *         at what position within the returned iovec the byte
+ *         is to be found
+ *
+ * Returns the index of the iovec that holds the byte at the given
+ * index @pos in the byte stream; a negative number if the iovec
+ * for the given position @pos does not exist.
+ */
+static ssize_t qsb_get_iovec(const QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb,
+                             off_t pos, off_t *d_off)
+{
+    ssize_t i;
+    off_t curr = 0;
+
+    if (pos > qsb->used) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    for (i = 0; i < qsb->n_iov; i++) {
+        if (curr + qsb->iov[i].iov_len > pos) {
+            *d_off = pos - curr;
+            return i;
+        }
+        curr += qsb->iov[i].iov_len;
+    }
+    return -1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Convert the QEMUSizedBuffer into a flat buffer.
+ *
+ * Note: If at all possible, try to avoid this function since it
+ *       may unnecessarily copy memory around.
+ *
+ * @qsb: pointer to QEMUSizedBuffer
+ * @start : offset to start at
+ * @count: number of bytes to copy
+ * @buf: a pointer to an optional buffer to write into; the pointer may
+ *       point to NULL in which case the buffer will be allocated;
+ *       if buffer is provided, it must be large enough to hold @count bytes
+ *
+ * Returns the number of bytes  copied into the output buffer
+ */
+ssize_t qsb_get_buffer(const QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb, off_t start,
+                       size_t count, uint8_t **buf)
+{
+    uint8_t *buffer;
+    const struct iovec *iov;
+    size_t to_copy, all_copy;
+    ssize_t index;
+    off_t s_off;
+    off_t d_off = 0;
+    char *s;
+
+    if (start > qsb->used) {
+        return 0;
+    }
+
+    all_copy = qsb->used - start;
+    if (all_copy > count) {
+        all_copy = count;
+    } else {
+        count = all_copy;
+    }
+
+    if (*buf == NULL) {
+        *buf = g_malloc(all_copy);
+    }
+    buffer = *buf;
+
+    index = qsb_get_iovec(qsb, start, &s_off);
+    if (index < 0) {
+        return 0;
+    }
+
+    while (all_copy > 0) {
+        iov = &qsb->iov[index];
+
+        s = iov->iov_base;
+
+        to_copy = iov->iov_len - s_off;
+        if (to_copy > all_copy) {
+            to_copy = all_copy;
+        }
+        memcpy(&buffer[d_off], &s[s_off], to_copy);
+
+        d_off += to_copy;
+        all_copy -= to_copy;
+
+        s_off = 0;
+        index++;
+    }
+
+    return count;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Grow the QEMUSizedBuffer to the given size and allocated
+ * memory for it.
+ *
+ * @qsb: A QEMUSizedBuffer
+ * @new_size: The new size of the buffer
+ *
+ * Returns an error code in case of memory allocation failure
+ * or the new size of the buffer otherwise. The returned size
+ * may be greater or equal to @new_size.
+ */
+static ssize_t qsb_grow(QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb, size_t new_size)
+{
+    size_t needed_chunks, i;
+    size_t chunk_size = QSB_CHUNK_SIZE;
+
+    if (qsb->size < new_size) {
+        needed_chunks = DIV_ROUND_UP(new_size - qsb->size,
+                                     chunk_size);
+
+        qsb->iov = g_realloc_n(qsb->iov, qsb->n_iov + needed_chunks,
+                               sizeof(struct iovec));
+        if (qsb->iov == NULL) {
+            return -ENOMEM;
+        }
+
+        for (i = qsb->n_iov; i < qsb->n_iov + needed_chunks; i++) {
+            qsb->iov[i].iov_base = g_malloc0(chunk_size);
+            qsb->iov[i].iov_len = chunk_size;
+        }
+
+        qsb->n_iov += needed_chunks;
+        qsb->size += (needed_chunks * chunk_size);
+    }
+
+    return qsb->size;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Write into the QEMUSizedBuffer at a given position and a given
+ * number of bytes. This function will automatically grow the
+ * QEMUSizedBuffer.
+ *
+ * @qsb: A QEMUSizedBuffer
+ * @source: A byte array to copy data from
+ * @pos: The position withing the @qsb to write data to
+ * @size: The number of bytes to copy into the @qsb
+ *
+ * Returns an error code in case of memory allocation failure,
+ * @size otherwise.
+ */
+ssize_t qsb_write_at(QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb, const uint8_t *source,
+                     off_t pos, size_t count)
+{
+    ssize_t rc = qsb_grow(qsb, pos + count);
+    size_t to_copy;
+    size_t all_copy = count;
+    const struct iovec *iov;
+    ssize_t index;
+    char *dest;
+    off_t d_off, s_off = 0;
+
+    if (rc < 0) {
+        return rc;
+    }
+
+    if (pos + count > qsb->used) {
+        qsb->used = pos + count;
+    }
+
+    index = qsb_get_iovec(qsb, pos, &d_off);
+    if (index < 0) {
+        return 0;
+    }
+
+    while (all_copy > 0) {
+        iov = &qsb->iov[index];
+
+        dest = iov->iov_base;
+
+        to_copy = iov->iov_len - d_off;
+        if (to_copy > all_copy) {
+            to_copy = all_copy;
+        }
+
+        memcpy(&dest[d_off], &source[s_off], to_copy);
+
+        s_off += to_copy;
+        all_copy -= to_copy;
+
+        d_off = 0;
+        index++;
+    }
+
+    return count;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Create an exact copy of the given QEMUSizedBuffer.
+ *
+ * @qsb : A QEMUSizedBuffer
+ *
+ * Returns a clone of @qsb
+ */
+QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb_clone(const QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb)
+{
+    QEMUSizedBuffer *out = qsb_create(NULL, qsb_get_length(qsb));
+    size_t i;
+    off_t pos = 0;
+
+    for (i = 0; i < qsb->n_iov; i++) {
+        pos += qsb_write_at(out, qsb->iov[i].iov_base,
+                            pos, qsb->iov[i].iov_len);
+    }
+
+    return out;
+}
+
+typedef struct QEMUBuffer {
+    QEMUSizedBuffer *qsb;
+    QEMUFile *file;
+} QEMUBuffer;
+
+static int buf_get_buffer(void *opaque, uint8_t *buf, int64_t pos, int size)
+{
+    QEMUBuffer *s = opaque;
+    ssize_t len = qsb_get_length(s->qsb) - pos;
+
+    if (len <= 0) {
+        return 0;
+    }
+
+    if (len > size) {
+        len = size;
+    }
+    return qsb_get_buffer(s->qsb, pos, len, &buf);
+}
+
+static int buf_put_buffer(void *opaque, const uint8_t *buf,
+                          int64_t pos, int size)
+{
+    QEMUBuffer *s = opaque;
+
+    return qsb_write_at(s->qsb, buf, pos, size);
+}
+
+static int buf_close(void *opaque)
+{
+    QEMUBuffer *s = opaque;
+
+    qsb_free(s->qsb);
+
+    g_free(s);
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+const QEMUSizedBuffer *qemu_buf_get(QEMUFile *f)
+{
+    QEMUBuffer *p;
+
+    qemu_fflush(f);
+
+    p = (QEMUBuffer *)f->opaque;
+
+    return p->qsb;
+}
+
+static const QEMUFileOps buf_read_ops = {
+    .get_buffer = buf_get_buffer,
+    .close =      buf_close
+};
+
+static const QEMUFileOps buf_write_ops = {
+    .put_buffer = buf_put_buffer,
+    .close =      buf_close
+};
+
+QEMUFile *qemu_bufopen(const char *mode, QEMUSizedBuffer *input)
+{
+    QEMUBuffer *s;
+
+    if (mode == NULL || (mode[0] != 'r' && mode[0] != 'w') || mode[1] != 0) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "qemu_bufopen: Argument validity check failed\n");
+        return NULL;
+    }
+
+    s = g_malloc0(sizeof(QEMUBuffer));
+    if (mode[0] == 'r') {
+        s->qsb = input;
+    }
+
+    if (s->qsb == NULL) {
+        s->qsb = qsb_create(NULL, 0);
+    }
+
+    if (mode[0] == 'r') {
+        s->file = qemu_fopen_ops(s, &buf_read_ops);
+    } else {
+        s->file = qemu_fopen_ops(s, &buf_write_ops);
+    }
+    return s->file;
+}